Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


SOUL3

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO THINK THEIR SOUL WILL LIVE ON AFTER DEATH: Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned?
  1) Yes (Believe in hell)
  2) No (Don't believe in hell)
  3) Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell)

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Yes (Believe in hell) 70.7% 70.7%
No (Don't believe in hell) 23.1% 93.8%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 6.2% 100%
Total N = 1595

Variable Comparisons

Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 70.5% 70.9% 70.7%
No (Don't believe in hell) 24.1% 22.3% 23.1%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 5.4% 6.8% 6.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
1595


Political party (I-POLPARTY)

Republican Democrat Independent TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 76.4% 68.7% 67.6% 70.8%
No (Don't believe in hell) 18.7% 25.3% 25.5% 23.2%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 4.9% 6.0% 7.0% 6.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1548


Age (I-AGE)

18 - 29 years 30 - 49 years 50 and older TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 74.0% 73.3% 65.2% 70.8%
No (Don't believe in hell) 22.3% 21.4% 25.9% 23.1%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 3.7% 5.3% 8.9% 6.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1574


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Married Divorced or separated Widowed Never been married TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 74.0% 65.3% 60.5% 70.2% 70.8%
No (Don't believe in hell) 19.5% 28.3% 29.7% 25.9% 23.1%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 6.5% 6.4% 9.8% 3.9% 6.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1591


Education (I-EDUCATN)

Less than High school High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate) Some College (no 4-year degree)/Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a master's Degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school) TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 79.9% 71.8% 72.4% 62.9% 56.1% 70.8%
No (Don't believe in hell) 16.5% 21.1% 21.7% 29.9% 38.7% 23.1%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 3.6% 7.1% 5.8% 7.2% 5.2% 6.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1591


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Asian, other or mixed race TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 69.0% 85.7% 65.8% 70.8%
No (Don't believe in hell) 24.9% 9.3% 24.3% 23.1%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 6.0% 5.0% 9.9% 6.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1584


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than 20K 20K-39,999 40K-74,999 75K & over TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 69.6% 70.8% 71.1% 64.9% 69.9%
No (Don't believe in hell) 24.1% 23.4% 24.0% 30.0% 24.5%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 6.3% 5.8% 5.0% 5.2% 5.6%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1437


Region (I-REGION)

East Midwest South West TOTAL
Yes (Believe in hell) 60.7% 71.0% 80.7% 62.3% 70.7%
No (Don't believe in hell) 32.4% 23.5% 13.2% 31.2% 23.1%
Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 6.9% 5.5% 6.1% 6.5% 6.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1595



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