Economic Values Survey, 1992

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other National Surveys > Analysis


TAXVIEW (Weighted by WEIGHT)

Here are two statements about income taxes. In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. Which one better expresses your own view?
  1) In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe.
  2) There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything.
  3) Other
  4) Don't know/Refused

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 3992 79.5% 79.5%
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 732 14.6% 94.1%
Other 71 1.4% 95.5%
Don't know/Refused 224 4.5% 100%

Variable Comparisons

Religious donations (I-GIVECAT)

0 1-149 150-499 500-999 1000-2499 2500 + TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 84.2%
187
79.6%
469
82.6%
427
89.9%
348
82.3%
339
87.8%
216
83.7%
1986
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 11.7%
26
14.4%
85
13.7%
71
7.8%
30
11.4%
47
8.5%
21
11.8%
280
Other 0.0%
0
0.2%
1
2.7%
14
1.6%
6
1.9%
8
2.4%
6
1.5%
35
Don't know/Refused 4.1%
9
5.8%
34
1.0%
5
0.8%
3
4.4%
18
1.2%
3
3.0%
72
TOTAL 100.0%
222
100.0%
589
100.0%
517
100.0%
387
100.0%
412
100.0%
246

2373


Race and gender (I-RACEGNDR)

White man White woman Black man Black woman Other man (specify) Other woman (specify) TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 77.1%
1799
86.6%
1697
62.6%
154
67.8%
173
76.8%
96
74.5%
73
79.6%
3992
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 17.1%
400
8.9%
175
28.0%
69
18.4%
47
18.4%
23
17.3%
17
14.6%
731
Other 2.0%
47
0.9%
17
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
2.4%
3
4.1%
4
1.4%
71
Don't know/Refused 3.8%
88
3.6%
70
9.3%
23
13.7%
35
2.4%
3
4.1%
4
4.4%
223
TOTAL 100.0%
2334
100.0%
1959
100.0%
246
100.0%
255
100.0%
125
100.0%
98

5017


Region (I-REGION4)

East Midwest South West TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 72.8%
860
86.2%
1077
79.9%
1244
78.6%
811
79.5%
3992
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 20.5%
242
11.0%
138
10.7%
167
17.8%
184
14.6%
731
Other 1.0%
12
0.6%
7
2.1%
32
2.0%
21
1.4%
72
Don't know/Refused 5.7%
67
2.2%
28
7.3%
114
1.6%
16
4.5%
225
TOTAL 100.0%
1181
100.0%
1250
100.0%
1557
100.0%
1032

5020


Education (I-EDUC)

LT High Sc High Schl Tech/Trade Some Coll College TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 74.8%
458
79.8%
1203
80.7%
351
78.7%
833
81.7%
1147
79.6%
3992
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 17.3%
106
13.1%
197
10.1%
44
16.3%
172
15.0%
211
14.6%
730
Other 1.1%
7
1.5%
23
2.5%
11
1.2%
13
1.2%
17
1.4%
71
Don't know/Refused 6.7%
41
5.6%
85
6.7%
29
3.8%
40
2.1%
29
4.5%
224
TOTAL 100.0%
612
100.0%
1508
100.0%
435
100.0%
1058
100.0%
1404

5017


Age (I-AGE)

18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+ TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 77.6%
501
78.9%
1124
77.1%
1062
83.8%
762
82.8%
540
79.6%
3989
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 11.3%
73
16.0%
228
17.3%
238
11.8%
107
12.1%
79
14.5%
725
Other 1.1%
7
1.2%
17
1.8%
25
1.5%
14
1.2%
8
1.4%
71
Don't know/Refused 10.1%
65
3.9%
56
3.8%
52
2.9%
26
3.8%
25
4.5%
224
TOTAL 100.0%
646
100.0%
1425
100.0%
1377
100.0%
909
100.0%
652

5009


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

>1/week 1/week Monthly + Svrl/year 1/year Never TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 89.8%
511
84.1%
900
80.0%
642
75.3%
616
75.9%
487
75.2%
814
79.7%
3970
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 5.1%
29
10.0%
107
13.7%
110
19.8%
162
19.0%
122
18.3%
198
14.6%
728
Other 2.3%
13
1.6%
17
1.7%
14
1.1%
9
2.2%
14
0.6%
6
1.5%
73
Don't know/Refused 2.8%
16
4.3%
46
4.6%
37
3.8%
31
3.0%
19
5.9%
64
4.3%
213
TOTAL 100.0%
569
100.0%
1070
100.0%
803
100.0%
818
100.0%
642
100.0%
1082

4984


Religious preference (I-DENOM)

Evang Prot Mainl Prot Catholic Jewish Other None TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 83.0%
1028
82.4%
882
79.0%
1031
61.3%
84
82.4%
612
64.8%
287
79.5%
3924
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 11.0%
136
11.7%
125
17.4%
227
34.3%
47
11.4%
85
22.6%
100
14.6%
720
Other 1.0%
12
2.3%
25
1.5%
19
0.7%
1
0.8%
6
1.6%
7
1.4%
70
Don't know/Refused 5.0%
62
3.6%
39
2.1%
28
3.6%
5
5.4%
40
11.1%
49
4.5%
223
TOTAL 100.0%
1238
100.0%
1071
100.0%
1305
100.0%
137
100.0%
743
100.0%
443

4937


Importance of religion (I-RLGNIMP)

Very Imp Somewhat Not very TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 87.2%
1792
77.6%
1347
70.0%
811
79.8%
3950
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 8.1%
167
16.5%
286
23.0%
266
14.5%
719
Other 1.1%
22
2.1%
37
1.0%
12
1.4%
71
Don't know/Refused 3.6%
75
3.7%
65
6.0%
70
4.2%
210
TOTAL 100.0%
2056
100.0%
1735
100.0%
1159

4950


Family income (I-FAMINCOM)

< $20,000 $20-39,000 $40-69,000 $70,000 TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 82.5%
663
80.3%
1176
80.8%
1112
76.0%
519
80.2%
3470
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 13.1%
105
14.1%
207
15.1%
208
20.5%
140
15.2%
660
Other 0.4%
3
1.4%
20
1.4%
19
2.0%
14
1.3%
56
Don't know/Refused 4.1%
33
4.2%
62
2.7%
37
1.5%
10
3.3%
142
TOTAL 100.0%
804
100.0%
1465
100.0%
1376
100.0%
683

4328


View of the Bible (I-TRFAINSP)

Inspired Not inspr Don't know TOTAL
In filing your income tax returns, you should follow the rules very carefully and pay exactly what you owe. 83.6%
3273
62.2%
415
69.7%
303
79.5%
3991
There are a lot of "gray areas" on income tax returns, and you are better off fudging some of them than being completely honest about everything. 10.7%
420
33.9%
226
19.5%
85
14.6%
731
Other 1.7%
67
0.3%
2
0.7%
3
1.4%
72
Don't know/Refused 4.0%
156
3.6%
24
10.1%
44
4.5%
224
TOTAL 100.0%
3916
100.0%
667
100.0%
435

5018



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