General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)

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BUSGRN

Which of these approaches do you think would be the best way of getting business and industry in America to protect the environment?
  1) Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment
  2) Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment
  3) More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment
  8) Don't know

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 190 37.9% 37.9% -.75
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 116 23.2% 61.1% -.28
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 137 27.3% 88.4% .19
Don't know 58 11.6% 100% 2.56

Variable Comparisons


Age (I-AGE)

18-29 30-44 45-59 60-74 75 or older TOTAL
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 42.2%
27
40.9%
56
39.8%
53
34.9%
45
24.2%
8
38.1%
189
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 26.6%
17
22.6%
31
26.3%
35
20.2%
26
21.2%
7
23.4%
116
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 20.3%
13
26.3%
36
26.3%
35
31.8%
41
33.3%
11
27.4%
136
Don't know 10.9%
7
10.2%
14
7.5%
10
13.2%
17
21.2%
7
11.1%
55
TOTAL 100.0%
64
100.0%
137
100.0%
133
100.0%
129
100.0%
33

496


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

Less than once a year Once a year Several times a year One to three times a month Nearly every week Once a week or more TOTAL
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 42.0%
66
34.3%
23
48.1%
25
37.1%
23
30.0%
6
32.9%
47
37.9%
190
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 17.2%
27
37.3%
25
23.1%
12
35.5%
22
10.0%
2
19.6%
28
23.2%
116
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 26.8%
42
22.4%
15
17.3%
9
19.4%
12
45.0%
9
35.0%
50
27.3%
137
Don't know 14.0%
22
6.0%
4
11.5%
6
8.1%
5
15.0%
3
12.6%
18
11.6%
58
TOTAL 100.0%
157
100.0%
67
100.0%
52
100.0%
62
100.0%
20
100.0%
143

501


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Extremely liberal or liberal Slightly liberal Moderate Slightly conservative Extremely conservative or conservative TOTAL
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 53.5%
46
42.5%
17
39.3%
68
30.4%
21
29.7%
35
38.5%
187
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 22.1%
19
27.5%
11
21.4%
37
24.6%
17
24.6%
29
23.3%
113
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 17.4%
15
22.5%
9
28.9%
50
34.8%
24
30.5%
36
27.6%
134
Don't know 7.0%
6
7.5%
3
10.4%
18
10.1%
7
15.3%
18
10.7%
52
TOTAL 100.0%
86
100.0%
40
100.0%
173
100.0%
69
100.0%
118

486


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Other TOTAL
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 37.2%
146
39.2%
29
42.9%
15
37.9%
190
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 26.0%
102
9.5%
7
20.0%
7
23.2%
116
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 26.8%
105
33.8%
25
20.0%
7
27.3%
137
Don't know 9.9%
39
17.6%
13
17.1%
6
11.6%
58
TOTAL 100.0%
392
100.0%
74
100.0%
35

501


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other TOTAL
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 33.8%
88
35.5%
38
62.5%
5
41.8%
38
63.6%
21
38.1%
190
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 23.1%
60
24.3%
26
25.0%
2
25.3%
23
12.1%
4
23.0%
115
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 32.7%
85
24.3%
26
12.5%
1
22.0%
20
12.1%
4
27.3%
136
Don't know 10.4%
27
15.9%
17
0.0%
0
11.0%
10
12.1%
4
11.6%
58
TOTAL 100.0%
260
100.0%
107
100.0%
8
100.0%
91
100.0%
33

499


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Heavy fines for businesses that damage the environment 40.8%
84
35.9%
106
37.9%
190
Use the tax system to reward businesses that protect the environment 24.3%
50
22.4%
66
23.2%
116
More information and education for businesses about the advantages of protecting the environment 26.2%
54
28.1%
83
27.3%
137
Don't know 8.7%
18
13.6%
40
11.6%
58
TOTAL 100.0%
206
100.0%
295

501

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