Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


MCCNVAL

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

From what you've read and heard, would you say John McCain has moral values that are very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34ADF1)
  1) Very conservative
  2) Conservative
  3) Moderate
  4) Liberal
  5) Very liberal
  9) Don't know/Refused

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Very conservative 13% 13%
Conservative 44.4% 57.4%
Moderate 22.3% 79.7%
Liberal 7.8% 87.5%
Very liberal 3.3% 90.8%
Don't know/Refused 9.3% 100.1%
Total N = 1440

Variable Comparisons

Age (I-AGE)

18-29 30-44 45-59 60-74 75+ TOTAL
Very conservative 13.1% 10.6% 15.1% 14.1% 14.6% 13.2%
Conservative 48.7% 44.3% 45.7% 34.9% 45.8% 44.1%
Moderate 19.0% 22.3% 21.3% 29.9% 17.7% 22.3%
Liberal 10.1% 8.9% 7.0% 6.2% 4.2% 7.9%
Very liberal 2.3% 4.6% 2.6% 3.3% 4.2% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 6.9% 9.4% 8.3% 11.6% 13.5% 9.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1413


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

More than once a week Once a week Once or twice a month A few times a year Seldom Never TOTAL
Very conservative 12.6% 11.5% 15.7% 9.4% 13.9% 19.4% 13.1%
Conservative 46.2% 43.3% 45.0% 48.0% 43.9% 38.8% 44.5%
Moderate 22.5% 24.3% 23.7% 21.9% 20.2% 18.0% 22.3%
Liberal 5.5% 6.7% 8.8% 7.4% 8.1% 10.1% 7.6%
Very liberal 3.8% 3.7% 2.4% 3.9% 3.1% 1.4% 3.2%
Don't know/Refused 9.3% 10.4% 4.4% 9.4% 10.8% 12.2% 9.3%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1424


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school diploma High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate) Business, technical or vocational school AFTER high school or some college (no four-year degree) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other four-year degree) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college TOTAL
Very conservative 13.7% 13.0% 11.4% 15.8% 12.3% 13.1%
Conservative 26.4% 42.2% 50.3% 50.9% 53.4% 44.3%
Moderate 26.9% 19.0% 21.0% 23.9% 26.7% 22.2%
Liberal 7.1% 11.4% 7.8% 3.4% 4.1% 7.9%
Very liberal 10.4% 3.2% 2.4% 0.4% 0.7% 3.4%
Don't know/Refused 15.6% 11.2% 7.2% 5.6% 2.7% 9.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1421


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than $20,000 $20,000 to under $30,000 $30,000 to under $50,000 $50,000 to under $75,000 $75,000 to under $100,000 $100,000 or more TOTAL
Very conservative 9.4% 18.8% 15.4% 10.2% 12.4% 12.5% 12.8%
Conservative 32.2% 39.4% 40.9% 58.7% 49.7% 52.2% 44.6%
Moderate 20.3% 21.2% 21.3% 21.8% 28.3% 25.0% 22.6%
Liberal 9.8% 9.1% 11.0% 3.4% 7.6% 4.7% 7.8%
Very liberal 7.7% 6.1% 3.1% 0.5% 0.7% 0.4% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 20.6% 5.5% 8.3% 5.3% 1.4% 5.2% 8.9%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1268


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Very conservative Conservative Moderate Liberal or very liberal TOTAL
Very conservative 19.7% 5.7% 12.4% 20.7% 13.2%
Conservative 36.1% 46.6% 43.8% 51.4% 44.9%
Moderate 19.3% 24.6% 31.4% 9.7% 22.6%
Liberal 10.7% 11.0% 4.3% 5.9% 7.9%
Very liberal 6.6% 3.1% 2.4% 2.4% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 7.8% 9.0% 5.7% 10.0% 8.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1411


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Roman Catholic Other or Jewish None TOTAL
Very conservative 10.8% 13.4% 17.1% 15.6% 13.0%
Conservative 45.9% 44.7% 39.2% 45.8% 44.5%
Moderate 21.7% 24.9% 19.8% 19.6% 22.0%
Liberal 7.9% 6.7% 9.2% 8.9% 7.9%
Very liberal 4.2% 1.1% 4.1% 3.9% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 9.6% 9.2% 10.6% 6.1% 9.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1400


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Very conservative 11.9% 14.2% 13.1%
Conservative 40.6% 47.8% 44.3%
Moderate 27.0% 17.7% 22.2%
Liberal 8.4% 7.2% 7.8%
Very liberal 3.7% 3.0% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 8.4% 10.1% 9.3%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
1440



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