Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


OWNVAL

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

And how would you describe your own moral values? Would you say that your moral values are . . . (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34BF1)
  1) Very conservative
  2) Conservative
  3) Moderate
  4) Liberal
  5) Very liberal
  9) Don't know/Refused

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Very conservative 16.9% 16.9%
Conservative 31.6% 48.5%
Moderate 29.2% 77.7%
Liberal 13.9% 91.6%
Very liberal 6.3% 97.9%
Don't know/Refused 2.1% 100%
Total N = 1440

Variable Comparisons

Age (I-AGE)

18-29 30-44 45-59 60-74 75+ TOTAL
Very conservative 11.7% 17.0% 15.8% 22.9% 25.0% 17.1%
Conservative 31.6% 27.5% 33.5% 34.2% 35.4% 31.7%
Moderate 28.7% 33.1% 29.9% 23.8% 27.1% 29.3%
Liberal 17.3% 13.5% 15.3% 10.0% 5.2% 13.7%
Very liberal 8.1% 7.1% 3.6% 7.9% 4.2% 6.3%
Don't know/Refused 2.6% 1.8% 1.8% 1.3% 3.1% 2.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1413


Worship attendance (I-ATTEND)

More than once a week Once a week Once or twice a month A few times a year Seldom Never TOTAL
Very conservative 38.3% 26.7% 10.0% 8.6% 7.2% 5.7% 16.9%
Conservative 33.9% 36.1% 33.7% 28.2% 28.7% 22.9% 31.5%
Moderate 19.1% 23.5% 34.9% 38.0% 30.9% 30.7% 29.4%
Liberal 3.8% 8.6% 14.9% 18.4% 20.2% 21.4% 13.9%
Very liberal 3.3% 4.0% 5.2% 5.1% 9.4% 15.0% 6.3%
Don't know/Refused 1.6% 1.1% 1.2% 1.6% 3.6% 4.3% 2.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1424


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school diploma High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate) Business, technical or vocational school AFTER high school or some college (no four-year degree) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other four-year degree) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college TOTAL
Very conservative 22.6% 21.2% 15.8% 8.9% 10.3% 17.0%
Conservative 31.6% 29.9% 35.5% 34.5% 24.7% 31.7%
Moderate 26.9% 30.5% 26.3% 26.8% 39.0% 29.3%
Liberal 7.5% 11.2% 14.0% 20.4% 19.2% 13.6%
Very liberal 9.0% 4.6% 6.9% 7.7% 4.8% 6.3%
Don't know/Refused 2.4% 2.6% 1.5% 1.7% 2.1% 2.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1421


Household income (I-INCOME)

Less than $20,000 $20,000 to under $30,000 $30,000 to under $50,000 $50,000 to under $75,000 $75,000 to under $100,000 $100,000 or more TOTAL
Very conservative 19.5% 20.5% 19.3% 14.6% 11.8% 12.0% 16.6%
Conservative 28.6% 33.7% 34.3% 35.6% 33.3% 30.0% 32.3%
Moderate 27.2% 24.7% 26.0% 29.3% 33.3% 35.6% 29.2%
Liberal 9.4% 15.1% 13.4% 16.6% 17.4% 12.4% 13.5%
Very liberal 11.5% 4.8% 5.1% 2.9% 4.2% 7.3% 6.4%
Don't know/Refused 3.8% 1.2% 2.0% 1.0% 0.0% 2.6% 2.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1268


Political ideology (I-POLITICS)

Very conservative Conservative Moderate Liberal or very liberal TOTAL
Very conservative 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 17.2%
Conservative 0.0% 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 32.3%
Moderate 0.0% 0.0% 100.0% 0.0% 29.8%
Liberal 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 68.7% 14.2%
Very liberal 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 31.3% 6.4%
Don't know/Refused 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1411


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Roman Catholic Other or Jewish None TOTAL
Very conservative 20.7% 16.9% 14.7% 5.6% 16.9%
Conservative 35.6% 31.1% 33.0% 17.3% 31.7%
Moderate 25.8% 31.9% 23.4% 42.5% 29.1%
Liberal 10.4% 14.4% 17.9% 19.6% 13.8%
Very liberal 5.7% 3.3% 7.8% 12.8% 6.3%
Don't know/Refused 1.7% 2.2% 3.2% 2.2% 2.1%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1400


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Very conservative 15.8% 17.8% 16.9%
Conservative 32.4% 30.9% 31.6%
Moderate 31.8% 26.8% 29.2%
Liberal 12.3% 15.3% 13.8%
Very liberal 5.0% 7.6% 6.3%
Don't know/Refused 2.7% 1.6% 2.2%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
1440



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