Religious Identity and Influence Survey, 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Others > Analysis


MORALS

Do you think morals should be based on an absolute, unchanging standard? Or do you think there are no moral absolutes, so people have to decide for themselves what is right and wrong?
  1) Absolute standards
  2) No moral standards
  3) DK
  4) Refused

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Absolute standards 1183 45.7% 45.7% -.93
No moral standards 1160 44.8% 90.5% .48
DK 191 7.4% 97.8% 1.89
Refused 56 2.2% 100% 3.31

Variable Comparisons


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Hispanic Asian Other TOTAL
Absolute standards 47.6%
1009
36.6%
106
41.4%
29
50.0%
9
32.6%
30
45.7%
1183
No moral standards 42.8%
907
56.9%
165
45.7%
32
44.4%
8
52.2%
48
44.8%
1160
DK 7.4%
157
5.2%
15
8.6%
6
5.6%
1
13.0%
12
7.4%
191
Refused 2.2%
47
1.4%
4
4.3%
3
0.0%
0
2.2%
2
2.2%
56
TOTAL 100.0%
2120
100.0%
290
100.0%
70
100.0%
18
100.0%
92

2590


Education (I-EDUC)

Less HS HS Grad Some College College Grad Post Grad TOTAL
Absolute standards 30.6%
68
43.2%
297
45.9%
389
50.0%
247
54.6%
178
45.8%
1179
No moral standards 56.8%
126
46.7%
321
45.4%
385
42.7%
211
34.0%
111
44.8%
1154
DK 10.8%
24
8.0%
55
6.7%
57
5.3%
26
8.6%
28
7.4%
190
Refused 1.8%
4
2.0%
14
2.0%
17
2.0%
10
2.8%
9
2.1%
54
TOTAL 100.0%
222
100.0%
687
100.0%
848
100.0%
494
100.0%
326

2577


Gender (I-GENDER)

Male Female TOTAL
Absolute standards 46.7%
431
45.1%
752
45.7%
1183
No moral standards 45.2%
417
44.5%
743
44.8%
1160
DK 6.2%
57
8.0%
134
7.4%
191
Refused 1.8%
17
2.3%
39
2.2%
56
TOTAL 100.0%
922
100.0%
1668

2590


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish Not Religious Other TOTAL
Absolute standards 48.6%
914
33.9%
60
14.3%
2
17.8%
19
45.8%
187
45.7%
1182
No moral standards 41.4%
777
60.5%
107
71.4%
10
75.7%
81
44.4%
181
44.7%
1156
DK 7.7%
144
4.0%
7
7.1%
1
4.7%
5
8.3%
34
7.4%
191
Refused 2.3%
44
1.7%
3
7.1%
1
1.9%
2
1.5%
6
2.2%
56
TOTAL 100.0%
1879
100.0%
177
100.0%
14
100.0%
107
100.0%
408

2585

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