Youth, Emotional Energy, and Political Violence: The Cases of Egypt and Saudi Arabia Survey, 2005

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Case Identification Number: 1001-1954 for Saudi Arabian respondents, 2001-2928 for Egyptian respondents (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18821962.742565
2) Respondent's country of origin (CORIGIN)
TOTAL%
1) Saudi Arabia95450.7
2) Egypt92849.3
TOTAL1882100.0
3) Usually, the age people marry is higher in rich, educated countries than in poor, uneducated countries. Would you say you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (RICHMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree39220.8
2) Agree60632.2
3) Disagree60432.1
4) Strongly disagree19410.3
9) DK603.2
97) NA30.2
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
4) On average, families have more children in rich, educated countries than in poor, uneducated countries. Would you say you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (RICHCHLD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19910.6
2) Agree31116.5
3) Disagree91348.5
4) Strongly disagree39420.9
9) DK392.1
97) NA30.2
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
5) Usually, women in countries that are richer are treated with more respect than in poor, uneducated countries. Would you say you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (RICHWOM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60131.9
2) Agree66235.2
3) Disagree37519.9
4) Strongly disagree1779.4
9) DK392.1
97) NA50.3
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
6) The chance for choosing a life partner for people decreases/is less in countries that are rich and educated compared to poor, uneducated countries. Would you say you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (RICHPTNR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21511.4
2) Agree38520.5
3) Disagree82243.7
4) Strongly Disagree34418.3
9) DK854.5
97) NA80.4
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
7) In general, it is more popular for married children to live with their parents in countries that are rich and educated than in poor and uneducated countries. Would you say you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (RCHMRPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19610.4
2) Agree30816.4
3) Disagree88447.0
4) Strongly Disagree37820.1
9) DK904.8
97) NA30.2
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
8) Having multiple wives is more popular in countries that are rich and educated than in countries that are poor and uneducated. Would you say you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (MLTPWIF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19910.6
2) Agree37519.9
3) Disagree78241.6
4) Strongly Disagree40621.6
9) DK924.9
97) NA50.3
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
9) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: Saudi Arabia. (DEVSAUDI)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed341.8
2) 2251.3
3) 3683.6
4) 4995.3
5) Moderately developed26314.0
6) 628014.9
7) 730516.2
8) 832417.2
9) 920210.7
10) Most developed22912.2
97) NA50.3
99) DK251.3
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
10) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: Egypt. (DEVEGYPT)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed924.9
2) 2532.8
3) 31236.5
4) 41437.6
5) Moderately developed27914.8
6) 625713.7
7) 730116.0
8) 826113.9
9) 91688.9
10) Most developed1638.7
97) NA30.2
99) DK160.9
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
11) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: Iran. (DEVIRAN)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed472.5
2) 2502.7
3) 31226.5
4) 41548.2
5) Moderately developed29615.7
6) 626013.8
7) 727014.3
8) 821811.6
9) 91487.9
10) Most developed1276.7
97) NA40.2
99) DK1638.7
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
12) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: China. (DEVCHINA)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed70.4
2) 2120.6
3) 3191.0
4) 4321.7
5) Moderately developed462.4
6) 6703.7
7) 71578.3
8) 833117.6
9) 941722.2
10) Most developed70437.4
97) NA10.1
99) DK633.3
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
13) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: Yemen. (DEVYEMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed1618.6
2) 21819.6
3) 327214.5
4) 426814.2
5) Moderately developed37419.9
6) 619210.2
7) 71397.4
8) 8814.3
9) 9382.0
10) Most developed492.6
97) NA40.2
99) DK1005.3
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
14) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: the United States. (DEVUSA)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed271.4
2) 290.5
3) 380.4
4) 460.3
5) Moderately developed140.7
6) 6120.6
7) 7341.8
8) 8884.7
9) 932317.2
10) Most developed130969.6
99) DK291.5
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
15) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: Somalia. (DEVSOMAL)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed71738.1
2) 235418.8
3) 326414.0
4) 41417.5
5) Moderately developed1226.5
6) 6764.0
7) 7291.5
8) 8321.7
9) 9311.6
10) Most developed211.1
97) NA20.1
99) DK703.7
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
16) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: France. (DEVFRANC)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed90.5
2) 270.4
3) 390.5
4) 4110.6
5) Moderately developed291.5
6) 6311.6
7) 7975.2
8) 825213.4
9) 951627.4
10) Most developed86145.7
97) NA30.2
99) DK341.8
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
17) Now, we would like you to consider how developed different places in the world are. Here is a scale of development—with the least developed places in the world marked 1 at the left and the most developed places in the world marked ten at the right. And, moderately developed places marked 5 in the middle. I will read to you a list of countries that includes Saudi Arabia, China, Yemen, and the United States and ask you to rate the level of development in each country: United Arab Emirates. (DEVUAE)
TOTAL%
1) Least developed150.8
2) 270.4
3) 3331.8
4) 4422.2
5) Moderately developed1427.5
6) 61779.4
7) 733918.0
8) 840721.6
9) 929915.9
10) Most developed35819.0
97) NA10.1
99) DK392.1
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
18) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: Saudi Arabia. (FREESAUD)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom22411.9
2) 21347.1
3) 324312.9
4) 423112.3
5) 536519.4
6) 620010.6
7) 718810.0
8) 81327.0
9) 9552.9
10) High level of freedom633.3
99) DK241.3
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
19) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: Egypt. (FREEGYPT)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom1095.8
2) 2593.1
3) 31105.8
4) 41085.7
5) 526514.1
6) 625213.4
7) 732817.4
8) 825913.8
9) 91377.3
10) High level of freedom21511.4
99) DK160.9
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
20) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: Iran. (FREEIRAN)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom1166.2
2) 2794.2
3) 31538.1
4) 419410.3
5) 531616.8
6) 628915.4
7) 721711.5
8) 81357.2
9) 9924.9
10) High level of freedom894.7
97) NA60.3
99) DK1729.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
21) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: China. (FREECHNA)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom211.1
2) 2160.9
3) 3492.6
4) 4673.6
5) 51256.6
6) 61538.1
7) 725413.5
8) 835418.8
9) 930916.4
10) High level of freedom40521.5
97) NA50.3
99) DK1005.3
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
22) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: Yemen. (FREEYEMN)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom1216.4
2) 21347.1
3) 320811.1
4) 424413.0
5) 539721.1
6) 625313.4
7) 71789.5
8) 81075.7
9) 9502.7
10) High level of freedom492.6
97) NA90.5
99) DK1085.7
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
23) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: The United States. (FREEUSA)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom221.2
2) 280.4
3) 3100.5
4) 4191.0
5) 5281.5
6) 6231.2
7) 7492.6
8) 81337.1
9) 926814.2
10) High level of freedom125566.7
97) NA40.2
99) DK392.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
24) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: Somalia. (FREESMLA)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom35318.8
2) 224413.0
3) 322512.0
4) 418910.0
5) 521611.5
6) 61518.0
7) 7834.4
8) 8894.7
9) 9392.1
10) High level of freedom874.6
97) NA60.3
99) DK1769.4
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
25) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: France. (FREEFRNC)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom90.5
2) 290.5
3) 380.4
4) 480.4
5) 5241.3
6) 6372.0
7) 7824.4
8) 821411.4
9) 946824.9
10) High level of freedom95650.8
97) NA40.2
99) DK392.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
26) I will ask you to rate all the countries that were sited in the previous question on a different scale that is related to specifying the level of individual freedom where (1) means the country gives less individual freedom while (10) means a country in which the individual enjoys more freedom: United Arab Emirates. (FREEUAE)
TOTAL%
1) Low level of freedom301.6
2) 2281.5
3) 3613.2
4) 4683.6
5) 523612.5
6) 623412.4
7) 733617.9
8) 835819.0
9) 919310.3
10) High level of freedom25913.8
99) DK552.9
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
27) For each of the following statements I read out, can you tell me how much you agree with each. Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do. (MENPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly100053.1
2) Agree56630.1
3) Disagree21511.4
4) Strongly disagree623.3
9) DK140.7
97) NA10.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
28) Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? University education is more important for a boy than for a girl. (BOYUNIV)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly42522.6
2) Agree39020.7
3) Disagree66835.5
4) Strongly disagree36519.4
9) DK70.4
97) NA30.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
29) Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women. (MENJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly86045.7
2) Agree62333.1
3) Disagree26614.1
4) Strongly disagree924.9
9) DK140.7
97) NA30.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
30) Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? Male and female university students should not attend classes together. (NOCOED)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly54328.9
2) Agree51127.2
3) Disagree61332.6
4) Strongly disagree1699.0
9) DK181.0
97) NA40.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
31) Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? It is up to a woman to dress which ever way she wants to. (WOMDRESS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly41722.2
2) Agree40621.6
3) Disagree63433.7
4) Strongly disagree38520.5
9) DK120.6
97) NA40.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
32) Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? It is acceptable for a man to have more than one wife. (MNYWVS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly29815.8
2) Agree49726.4
3) Disagree68836.6
4) Strongly disagree35418.8
9) DK150.8
97) NA60.3
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
33) Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly? A wife must always obey her husband. (WIFEOBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly69036.7
2) Agree66235.2
3) Disagree35919.1
4) Strongly disagree1065.6
9) DK382.0
97) NA30.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
34) In your view, which of the following is the more important foundation for marriage? (MARFND)
TOTAL%
1) Parental approval105456.0
2) Love73539.1
3) 3311.6
9) DK150.8
97) NA231.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
35) Now, I'd like you to tell me your views on various issues. How would you place your views on this scale? 1 means you agree completely with the statement on the left; 10 means you agree completely with the statement on the right; and if your views fall somewhere in between, you can choose any number in between. (EQUALINC)
TOTAL%
1) Incomes should be made more equal.22512.0
2) 2563.0
3) 3683.6
4) 41095.8
5) 522311.8
6) 61286.8
7) 71789.5
8) 824813.2
9) 922411.9
10) We need larger income differences as incentives for individuals.37519.9
97) NA10.1
99) DK231.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
36) Now, I'd like you to tell me your views on various issues. How would you place your views on this scale? 1 means you agree completely with the statement on the left; 10 means you agree completely with the statement on the right; and if your views fall somewhere in between, you can choose any number in between. (PRVTBUS)
TOTAL%
1) Private ownership of business and industry should be increased.25813.7
2) 21025.4
3) 31146.1
4) 41095.8
5) 525713.7
6) 61427.5
7) 71065.6
8) 820610.9
9) 921411.4
10) Government ownership of business and industry should be increased.30116.0
97) DK50.3
99) NA442.3
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
37) Now, I'd like you to tell me your views on various issues. How would you place your views on this scale? 1 means you agree completely with the statement on the left; 10 means you agree completely with the statement on the right; and if your views fall somewhere in between, you can choose any number in between. (PROVIDE)
TOTAL%
1) The government should take more responsibility to ensure that everyone is provided for.43923.3
2) 21427.5
3) 31317.0
4) 41367.2
5) 533918.0
6) 61276.7
7) 71035.5
8) 81538.1
9) 91216.4
10) People should take more responsibility to provide for themselves.1467.8
97) DK10.1
99) NA201.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
38) People have different views about the public sector in this country. Using this scale of 10 "steps," where the number (1) means very bad, and (10) means very good, what is the "step" that expresses your opinion about the public sector? (PUBSECOP)
TOTAL%
1) Very bad20010.6
2) 2683.6
3) 31226.5
4) 41196.3
5) 535518.9
6) 621711.5
7) 719010.1
8) 820110.7
9) 91578.3
10) Very good1849.8
97) DK40.2
99) NA412.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
39) I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having a strong head of government who does not have to bother with parliament and elections. (STRHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Very good323.4
2) Fairly good14315.4
3) Fairly bad45248.7
4) Very bad24426.3
9) DK303.2
97) NA30.3
999) RA242.6
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
40) I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having a democratic political system. (DEMSYS)
TOTAL%
1) Very good71337.9
2) Fairly good64134.1
3) Fairly bad27414.6
4) Very bad1085.7
9) DK1206.4
97) NA20.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
41) I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having an Islamic government, where religious authorities have absolute power. (ISLAMSYS)
TOTAL%
1) Very good89647.6
2) Fairly good57830.7
3) Fairly bad26013.8
4) Very bad432.3
9) DK482.6
97) NA301.6
999) RA271.4
TOTAL1882100.0
42) I'm going to read off some things that people sometimes say about a democratic political system. Could you please tell me if you agree strongly, agree, disagree or disagree strongly, after I read each one of them? In democracy, the economy runs badly. (DEMBADEC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly44623.7
2) Agree66735.4
3) Disagree40621.6
4) Strongly disagree20110.7
9) DK1367.2
97) NA20.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
43) I'm going to read off some things that people sometimes say about a democratic political system. Could you please tell me if you agree strongly, agree, disagree or disagree strongly, after I read each one of them? Democracies are indecisive and have too much quibbling. (DEMINDEC)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly41321.9
2) Agree55129.3
3) Disagree59031.3
4) Strongly disagree1618.6
9) DK1407.4
97) NA30.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
44) I'm going to read off some things that people sometimes say about a democratic political system. Could you please tell me if you agree strongly, agree, disagree or disagree strongly, after I read each one of them? Democracies aren't good at maintaining order. (DEMNOORD)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly29315.6
2) Agree44723.8
3) Disagree73038.8
4) Strongly disagree24012.8
9) DK1397.4
97) NA90.5
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
45) I'm going to read off some things that people sometimes say about a democratic political system. Could you please tell me if you agree strongly, agree, disagree or disagree strongly, after I read each one of them? Democracy may have problems but it's better than any other form of government. (DEMBEST)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly57730.7
2) Agree75640.2
3) Disagree24713.1
4) Strongly disagree1357.2
9) DK1367.2
97) NA70.4
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
46) I'm going to read off some things that people sometimes say about a democratic political system. Could you please tell me if you agree strongly, agree, disagree or disagree strongly, after I read each one of them? Religious leaders should not interfere in politics. (NORELPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly778.3
2) Agree20522.1
3) Disagree51755.7
4) Strongly disagree667.1
9) DK60.6
97) NA303.2
999) RA272.9
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
47) I'm going to read off some things that people sometimes say about a democratic political system. Could you please tell me if you agree strongly, agree, disagree or disagree strongly, after I read each one of them? Politicians who do not believe in God should not run for public office. (BELINOFF)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly14515.6
2) Agree29331.6
3) Disagree39342.3
4) Strongly disagree313.3
9) DK70.8
97) NA323.4
999) RA272.9
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
48) Generally speaking, would you say that this country's economy is run by a few big interests looking out for themselves or that it is run for the benefit of all the people? (RUNECON)
TOTAL%
1) Run by a few big interests121264.4
2) Run for all the people47325.1
9) DK1276.7
97) NA462.4
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
49) Foreign threat: Every country faces a number of regional and international problems. Among the following, which problems do you consider very important (very serious), important, somewhat important, least important, or not important? Aggression from a neighboring country. (AGGRNBR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important120964.2
2) Important30216.0
3) Somewhat important1065.6
4) Not very important774.1
5) Not at all important1035.5
9) DK613.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
50) Foreign threat: Every country faces a number of regional and international problems. Among the following, which problems do you consider very important (very serious), important, somewhat important, least important, or not important? The exploitation of this country's natural resources by powerful countries. (FRNEXPLT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important113560.3
2) Important40021.3
3) Somewhat important1075.7
4) Not very important613.2
5) Not at all important945.0
9) DK613.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
51) Foreign threat: Every country faces a number of regional and international problems. Among the following, which problems do you consider very important (very serious), important, somewhat important, least important, or not important? Cultural invasion by the West. (CULTINV)
TOTAL%
1) Very important99953.1
2) Important41622.1
3) Somewhat important1648.7
4) Not very important1095.8
5) Not at all important1196.3
9) DK512.7
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
52) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If women are treated with more respect than they are now. (RESPWOM)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly95550.7
2) Agree63533.7
3) Disagree1719.1
4) Strongly disagree\9 DK804.3
9) 9170.9
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
53) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If religion and politics are separated. (SEPRELPL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly30916.4
2) Agree37620.0
3) Disagree72838.7
4) Strongly disagree38820.6
9) DK552.9
97) NA20.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
54) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If its government was similar to Western (American or European) governments. (WESTGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly1497.9
2) Agree24713.1
3) Disagree79342.1
4) Strongly disagree64934.5
9) DK160.9
97) NA40.2
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
55) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If age at marriage increased. (INMARAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly1688.9
2) Agree36419.3
3) Disagree90047.8
4) Strongly disagree38220.3
9) DK422.2
97) NA20.1
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
56) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Egypt will be a better society: If there were a small number of men that married more than one wife. (DIFPLMY1)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly10812.0
2) Agree40044.4
3) Disagree32135.7
4) Strongly disagree717.9
Missing982 
TOTAL900100.0
57) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If the number of men that married more than one wife decreased. (DIFPLMY2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly24226.8
2) Agree32035.5
3) Disagree22725.2
4) Strongly disagree11312.5
Missing980 
TOTAL902100.0
58) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If more young people chose their spouses. (YTHSPOUS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly63633.8
2) Agree79042.0
3) Disagree28415.1
4) Strongly disagree965.1
9) DK502.7
97) NA10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
59) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If the number of children born to families declined. (LESSFERT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly55329.4
2) Agree74639.6
3) Disagree35118.7
4) Strongly disagree1598.4
9) DK442.3
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
60) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If people had more freedom to mix with the opposite sex. (OPPSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly1658.8
2) Agree37019.7
3) Disagree76740.8
4) Strongly disagree50927.0
9) DK452.4
97) NA10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
61) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If it had the technology of the West. (WESTTECH)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly81043.0
2) Agree65034.5
3) Disagree1879.9
4) Strongly disagree1789.5
9) DK281.5
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
62) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If it had the sexual freedom available in the West. (SEXFRDM)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly161.7
2) Agree343.7
3) Disagree38441.4
4) Strongly disagree46750.3
9) DK20.2
999) RA252.7
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
63) Think about what should change to make your country a better place to live, and please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following. Saudi Arabia will be a better society: If it had the entertainment options available in the West. (WESTENTN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly29815.8
2) Agree57430.5
3) Disagree59131.4
4) Strongly disagree34518.3
9) DK492.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
64) The following are question about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. God has given humanity a complete, unfailing guide to happiness and salvation, which must be totally followed. (GODSALV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree144876.9
2) Agree37219.8
3) Disagree160.9
4) Strongly disagree40.2
9) DK80.4
97) NA70.4
999) RA271.4
TOTAL1882100.0
65) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. The basic cause of evil in this world is Satan, who is still constantly and ferociously fighting against God. (SATANEVL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree115661.4
2) Agree46624.8
3) Disagree1628.6
4) Strongly disagree372.0
9) DK271.4
97) NA70.4
999) RA271.4
TOTAL1882100.0
66) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. It is more important to be a good person than to believe in God and the right religion. (GOODPRSN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54529.0
2) Agree40321.4
3) Disagree67736.0
4) Strongly disagree1849.8
9) DK382.0
97) NA80.4
999) RA271.4
TOTAL1882100.0
67) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. There is a particular set of religious teachings in this world that are so true, you can't go any "deeper" because they are the basic, bedrock message that God has given humanity. (TRUEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree108557.7
2) Agree56329.9
3) Disagree1286.8
4) Strongly disagree341.8
9) DK372.0
97) NA70.4
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
68) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. When you get right down to it, there are basically only two kinds of people in the world: the Righteous, who will be rewarded by God; and the rest, who will not. (RGHTPPL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree117262.3
2) Agree55129.3
3) Disagree633.3
4) Strongly disagree150.8
9) DK462.4
97) NA70.4
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
69) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. The Quran may have general facts, but the truth doesn't have to agree with it from beginning to end. (QURNTRTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree707.5
2) Agree828.8
3) Disagree42545.8
4) Strongly disagree30833.2
9) DK10.1
97) NA141.5
999) RA283.0
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
70) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. To lead the best, most meaningful life, one must belong to the one, fundamentally true religion. (RELBEST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree134371.4
2) Agree45924.4
3) Disagree281.5
4) Strongly disagree90.5
9) DK30.2
97) NA120.6
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
71) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. Whenever science and religion conflict, religion is always right. (RELSCICF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree137074.8
2) Agree42323.1
3) Disagree331.8
4) Strongly disagree60.3
Missing50 
TOTAL1832100.0
72) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. The fundamentals of God's religion should never be tampered with, or compromised with others' beliefs. (NOTAMPER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree135972.2
2) Agree38420.4
3) Disagree392.1
4) Strongly disagree221.2
9) DK331.8
97) NA170.9
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
73) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. The only acceptable religion to God is Islam. (ONLYISLM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree135171.8
2) Agree37519.9
3) Disagree854.5
4) Strongly disagree231.2
9) DK110.6
97) NA90.5
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
74) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. God will punish most severely those who abandon his true religion. (PUNABNDN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree134471.4
2) Agree42722.7
3) Disagree351.9
4) Strongly disagree50.3
9) DK331.8
97) NA100.5
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
75) The following are questions about religion and religious issues. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. Islam is the only religion on this earth that teaches, without error, God's truth. (ISISTRTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree137673.1
2) Agree40221.4
3) Disagree432.3
4) Strongly disagree70.4
9) DK181.0
97) NA80.4
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
76) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. As countries undergo economic development there will be a tendency for people to marry at older ages. (DEVOLMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27114.4
2) Agree52427.8
3) Disagree81043.0
4) Strongly disagree1859.8
9) DK663.5
97) NA10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
77) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. As countries undergo economic development families will have fewer children. (DEVFEWCH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45724.3
2) Agree87546.5
3) Disagree34918.5
4) Strongly disagree1156.1
9) DK563.0
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
78) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. As countries undergo economic development, the status of women will, in general, decline. (DEVWMDEC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1819.6
2) Agree25813.7
3) Disagree88346.9
4) Strongly disagree44623.7
9) DK874.6
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
79) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. (Egypt) With economic growth, some young adults will have the right to choose their husband/wife. (DEVCHMT1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30834.6
2) Agree51557.8
3) Disagree627.0
4) Strongly disagree60.7
Missing991 
TOTAL891100.0
80) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. (Saudi Arabia) With economic growth, the number of young people choosing their mates themselves decreases. (DEVCHM2T)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12914.7
2) Agree25629.1
3) Disagree32336.7
4) Strongly disagree17119.5
Missing1003 
TOTAL879100.0
81) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. As countries undergo economic development, it will become more common for married children to live away from their older parents. (DEVLVPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40321.4
2) Agree79942.5
3) Disagree41021.8
4) Strongly disagree1447.7
9) DK965.1
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
82) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. The percentage of men having more than one wife increases with economic development. (DEVPLGMY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22612.0
2) Agree52127.7
3) Disagree76140.4
4) Strongly disagree25413.5
9) DK894.7
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
83) Now, I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning economic development. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. As societies become more developed, pursuing the opposite sex before marriage increases. (DEVINSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree657.0
2) Agree17018.3
3) Disagree41644.8
4) Strongly disagree23625.4
9) DK141.5
97) NA20.2
999) RA252.7
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
84) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: Islam should be the only religion taught in our public schools. (ISLINSCH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree109458.1
2) Agree39020.7
3) Disagree30716.3
4) Strongly disagree512.7
9) DK50.3
97) NA70.4
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
85) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: I would not mind having teachers who are not religious. (NORELTCH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37419.9
2) Agree66035.1
3) Disagree61632.7
4) Strongly disagree19010.1
9) DK60.3
97) NA80.4
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
86) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: Muslims are the only ones who will go to Heaven, and the rest of the people from other religions will not go no matter how good they are. (MUSHVN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree95250.6
2) Agree53628.5
3) Disagree24613.1
4) Strongly disagree532.8
9) DK583.1
97) NA90.5
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
87) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: Non-Muslim religions have a lot of strange beliefs and pagan ways. (ODDNONMS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree101053.7
2) Agree69436.9
3) Disagree975.2
4) Strongly disagree181.0
9) DK261.4
97) NA90.5
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
88) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: People who belong to different religions are probably just as nice and moral as those who belong to mine. (DIFRELOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree59931.8
2) Agree78841.9
3) Disagree37720.0
4) Strongly disagree673.6
9) DK110.6
97) NA120.6
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
89) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: I would like my religious leaders to meet with the leaders of other religions. (LDRSMEET)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60532.1
2) Agree83944.6
3) Disagree29415.6
4) Strongly disagree874.6
9) DK70.4
97) NA221.2
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
90) The following questions are about Islam and non-Islamic religions and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree: If it were possible, I'd rather have a job where I worked with people with the same religious views I have rather than with people with different views. (WRKSMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree85445.4
2) Agree66735.4
3) Disagree25113.3
4) Strongly disagree663.5
9) DK70.4
97) NA90.5
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
91) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate Saudi Arabia? (MORSAUDI)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality542.9
2) 2482.6
3) 3512.7
4) 4442.3
5) 51347.1
6) 6914.8
7) 720210.7
8) 839621.0
9) 929715.8
10) High morality52828.1
99) DK120.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
92) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate Egypt? (MOREGYPT)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality583.1
2) 2281.5
3) 3653.5
4) 4733.9
5) 525513.5
6) 624813.2
7) 733217.6
8) 837519.9
9) 918810.0
10) High morality21711.5
99) DK181.0
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
93) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate Iran? (MORIRAN)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality341.8
2) 2392.1
3) 3613.2
4) 4794.2
5) 521611.5
6) 623712.6
7) 730316.1
8) 830116.0
9) 91849.8
10) High morality22111.7
97) NA20.1
99) DK1809.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
94) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate China? (MORCHINA)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality1508.0
2) 21256.6
3) 319310.3
4) 41608.5
5) 526614.1
6) 619410.3
7) 720510.9
8) 81879.9
9) 9844.5
10) High morality1105.8
99) DK1839.7
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
95) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate Yemen? (MORYEMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality331.8
2) 2552.9
3) 3884.7
4) 41397.4
5) 531516.7
6) 625613.6
7) 733918.0
8) 829415.6
9) 91105.8
10) High morality1377.3
97) NA10.1
99) DK904.8
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
96) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate the United States? (MORUSA)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality78341.6
2) 220010.6
3) 318910.0
4) 41487.9
5) 51397.4
6) 6914.8
7) 7764.0
8) 8623.3
9) 9452.4
10) High morality663.5
97) NA10.1
99) DK573.0
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
97) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate Somalia? (MORSOMAL)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality22612.0
2) 218810.0
3) 321211.3
4) 421211.3
5) 530516.2
6) 622512.0
7) 71447.7
8) 8904.8
9) 9361.9
10) High morality482.6
97) NA30.2
99) DK1688.9
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
98) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate France? (MORFRANC)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality48525.8
2) 222211.8
3) 319410.3
4) 41437.6
5) 51789.5
6) 61146.1
7) 71126.0
8) 81196.3
9) 9794.2
10) High morality1327.0
97) NA50.3
99) DK743.9
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
99) Now, I would like you to rate several countries on a scale of morality (in Egypt, "a scale of morality and manners"), where "1" means that society is culturally decadent with a very low level of morality, where "10" means that people in that society have a high level of morality, and 5 means a middle level of morality. Where would you rate the United Arab Emirates? (MORUAE)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality402.1
2) 2251.3
3) 3583.1
4) 4844.5
5) 521611.5
6) 622411.9
7) 734018.1
8) 836019.1
9) 922612.0
10) High morality23212.3
97) NA30.2
99) DK492.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
100) How often, if at all, do you think about the meaning and purpose of life? (MEANLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Often94850.4
2) Sometimes60131.9
3) Rarely1799.5
4) Never995.3
9) NA291.5
97) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
101) Apart from funerals, about how often do you go to a mosque these days? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week83344.3
2) Once a week34218.2
3) Once a month924.9
4) Only on special Holy Days1568.3
5) Once a year985.2
6) Less often1256.6
7) Never; practically never1809.6
97) DK281.5
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
102) How often do you pray? (PRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Five times a day144376.7
2) Once or twice a week29015.4
3) Once or twice a month623.3
4) At no time492.6
9) NA130.7
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
103) Independently of whether you go to religious services or not, would you say you are… (RELPERSN)
TOTAL%
1) A religious person109558.2
2) Not a religious person65334.7
3) A convinced atheist (not believing in God)261.4
9) NA824.4
97) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
104) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to the moral problems and needs of the individuals? (AUTMORPB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes152380.9
2) No27414.6
9) NA583.1
97) DK20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
105) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to the problems of family life? (AUTFAMLF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes145377.2
2) No34318.2
9) NA603.2
97) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
106) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to people's spiritual needs? (AUTSPRND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes138973.8
2) No35719.0
9) NA1085.7
97) DK30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
107) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to the social problems facing your country today? (AUTSOCPB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes132370.3
2) No45924.4
9) NA743.9
97) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
108) Please forgive me for asking these questions. I know that answers to some or all these questions may be obvious. But since we compare the results of this study with many other countries, and since some people in other countries may have much weaker religious beliefs than people in your country, we ask these questions for the sake of comparison. Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in God? (BELGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes185698.6
2) No10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
109) Do you believe in life after death? (AFTERLIF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes179295.2
2) No472.5
9) NA170.9
97) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
110) Do you believe people have a soul? (SOUL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes180996.1
2) No301.6
9) NA181.0
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
111) Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes184498.0
2) No100.5
9) NA30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
112) Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes185098.3
2) No40.2
9) NA30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
113) How important is God in your life? Please use this scale to indicate: 10 means very important and 1 means not at all important. (GODIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important201.1
2) 210.1
3) 310.1
4) 440.2
5) 520.1
6) 660.3
7) 780.4
8) 8251.3
9) 9623.3
10) Very important172491.6
97) NA30.2
99) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
114) Do you find that you get comfort and strength from religion? (STRNREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes180696.0
2) No110.6
9) NA281.5
97) DK120.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
115) Now, I would like to know your views about a good government. Which of these traits should a good government have? It should make laws according to the people's wishes. (GOVLAWS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important64636.6
2) Important51729.3
3) Somewhat important1669.4
4) Least important31417.8
5) Not important1206.8
Missing119 
TOTAL1763100.0
116) Now, I would like to know your views about a good government. Which of these traits should a good government have? It should implement only the laws of the Shari'a. (SHARIA)
TOTAL%
1) Very important88748.9
2) Important57331.6
3) Somewhat important532.9
4) Least important27515.2
5) Not important271.5
Missing67 
TOTAL1815100.0
117) How proud are you to be a Saudi (Egyptian, etc.)? (PROUD)
TOTAL%
1) Very proud130369.2
2) Quite proud46524.7
3) Not very proud563.0
4) Not at all proud231.2
9) NA90.5
97) DK10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
118) Which of the following best describes you? (YOUARE)
TOTAL%
1) Above all, I am a Saudi [Egyptian]1628.6
2) Above all, I am a Muslim159184.5
3) Above all, I am an Arab583.1
4) Other452.4
97) NA10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
119) Now I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning family change. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. In order for an underdeveloped country to achieve economic development, its people should marry at older ages. (OLMARDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23012.2
2) Agree39020.7
3) Disagree94750.3
4) Strongly disagree24212.9
9) DK472.5
97) NA10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
120) Now I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning family change. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. In order for an underdeveloped country to achieve economic development, its families should have more children. (FERTDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19310.3
2) Agree35819.0
3) Disagree95550.7
4) Strongly disagree29815.8
9) DK512.7
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
121) Now I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning family change. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. In order for an underdeveloped country to achieve economic development, it should increase the status of women. (WOMDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree68336.3
2) Agree88346.9
3) Disagree19110.1
4) Strongly disagree462.4
9) DK462.4
97) NA80.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
122) Now I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning family change. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. In order for an underdeveloped country to achieve economic development, more young people should choose their own spouse. (CHMATDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree67635.9
2) Agree91148.4
3) Disagree1719.1
4) Strongly disagree472.5
9) DK482.6
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
123) Now I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning family change. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. In order for an underdeveloped country to achieve economic development, it should decrease the number of men having more than one wife. (PLGMYDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46624.8
2) Agree83244.2
3) Disagree38220.3
4) Strongly disagree1035.5
9) DK693.7
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
124) Now I would like to get your opinion on some matters concerning family change. I will read you some statements, and I would like you to tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree. In order for an underdeveloped country to achieve economic development, it should allow young people more freedom to mix with the opposite sex. (OPSEXDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19110.1
2) Agree38720.6
3) Disagree75740.2
4) Strongly disagree45824.3
9) DK623.3
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
125) There are conspiracies against Muslim nations by Jews and Americans. (JEWCONSP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree134071.2
2) Agree40121.3
3) Disagree683.6
4) Strongly disagree251.3
9) DK120.6
97) NA80.4
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
126) (Egypt)There is no peaceful way to establish a completely independent country. (PCNEWCNT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21523.2
2) Agree25026.9
3) Disagree39042.0
4) Strongly disagree262.8
9) DK111.2
97) NA80.9
999) RA283.0
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
127) (Saudi Arabia)There is a peaceful way to establish a completely independent country. (NPCNWCNT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27929.2
2) Agree29530.9
3) Disagree26327.6
4) Strongly disagree11712.3
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
128) Peaceful means are more effective to establish a truly Islamic state. (PCNEWIS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree79742.3
2) Agree69436.9
3) Disagree29615.7
4) Strongly disagree522.8
9) DK20.1
97) NA130.7
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
129) Armed struggle often leads to fitneh (trouble), even though it may cause harm to the enemy. (FITNEH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree41843.8
2) Agree37839.6
3) Disagree12212.8
4) Strongly disagree363.8
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
130) (Egypt) I desire my government to promote living with or getting closer to non-believers. (PRMTOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10211.5
2) Agree25829.2
3) Disagree44850.6
4) Strongly disagree778.7
Missing997 
TOTAL885100.0
131) (Saudi Arabia) I yearn for a way to improve our society so we can live with other societies. (OTHRSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24826.0
2) Agree21822.9
3) Disagree29731.1
4) Strongly disagree19120.0
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
132) The enemies of our nation should be dealt with through military action. (ENEMMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28630.8
2) Agree31333.7
3) Disagree26528.6
4) Strongly disagree171.8
9) DK50.5
97) NA141.5
999) RA283.0
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
133) (Egypt) War is often necessary. (WARNEC1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree42548.1
2) Agree40245.5
3) Disagree445.0
4) Strongly disagree131.5
Missing998 
TOTAL884100.0
134) (Saudi Arabia) War is always necessary. (WARNEC2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46448.6
2) Agree26427.7
3) Disagree11211.7
4) Strongly disagree11411.9
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
135) Killing of civilians is acceptable if it helps defeat the enemy and win the war. (KILLCIVS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree76740.8
2) Agree66535.3
3) Disagree29015.4
4) Strongly disagree1075.7
9) DK40.2
97) NA211.1
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
136) It is necessary for our nation to manufacture weapons. (WEAPMAN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48952.7
2) Agree31634.1
3) Disagree677.2
4) Strongly disagree121.3
9) DK70.8
97) NA91.0
999) RA283.0
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
137) Killing foreigners can be justified if their government was doing things that hurt the sons of our nation; even if these foreigners were not responsible for the actions of their governments. (KILLFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree818.7
2) Agree717.7
3) Disagree52756.8
4) Strongly disagree20522.1
9) DK50.5
97) NA111.2
999) RA283.0
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
138) For the realization of a truly ideal society, people must be ready for self-sacrifice. (SELFSACR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree84044.6
2) Agree73739.2
3) Disagree22512.0
4) Strongly disagree452.4
9) DK50.3
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
139) The best way to persuade the enemy to change its actions is dealing with him through peaceful methods. (ENEMPAX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree75940.3
2) Agree77040.9
3) Disagree27814.8
4) Strongly disagree422.2
9) DK30.2
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
140) Our society needs more social scientists to help us live a better life. (MORSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37240.1
2) Agree47651.3
3) Disagree444.7
4) Strongly disagree20.2
9) DK30.3
97) NA60.6
999) RA252.7
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
141) (Egypt) It is not possible to live happily in this world. (HAPIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree778.7
2) Agree19722.2
3) Disagree53560.2
4) Strongly disagree798.9
Missing994 
TOTAL888100.0
142) (Saudi Arabia) It is not possible to live very happily in this world. (VRHAPIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29831.2
2) Agree26728.0
3) Disagree26227.5
4) Strongly disagree12713.3
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
143) Some people feel they have completely free choice and control over their lives, while other people feel that what they do has no real effect on what happens to them. Please use this scale where 1 means "none at all" and 10 means "a great deal" to indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over the way your life turns out. (LIFECTRL)
TOTAL%
1) None at all1095.8
2) 2402.1
3) 3653.5
4) 4924.9
5) 528915.4
6) 628215.0
7) 731716.8
8) 829015.4
9) 91487.9
10) A great deal21011.2
97) NA20.1
99) DK130.7
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
144) To what extent are you optimistic/pessimistic about your future? (OPPVPESS)
TOTAL%
1) Highly pessimistic884.7
2) 2271.4
3) 3331.8
4) 4502.7
5) 51799.5
6) 61688.9
7) 722111.7
8) 835518.9
9) 929415.6
10) Highly optimistic42922.8
97) NA20.1
99) 99110.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
145) Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree that in your country these days, life is unpredictable and dangerous? (CTRYDANG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38620.5
2) Agree70337.4
3) Disagree46624.8
4) Strongly disagree19110.1
9) DK723.8
97) NA361.9
999) RA281.5
TOTAL1882100.0
146) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Parents on the role of women in society and politics. (PARWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely23412.4
2) Generally do not rely1568.3
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not42922.8
4) Generally rely49926.5
5) Rely completely52427.8
9) DK110.6
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
147) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Teachers of religion at school or university on the role of women in society and politics. (TCHWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely19210.2
2) Generally do not rely19910.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not43823.3
4) Generally rely63433.7
5) Rely completely37920.1
9) DK110.6
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
148) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Other (secular) teachers on the role of women in society and politics. (OTCWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely32417.2
2) Generally do not rely26113.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not60131.9
4) Generally rely46024.4
5) Rely completely1819.6
9) DK261.4
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
149) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Friends on the role of women in society and politics. (FRNWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely24312.9
2) Generally do not rely24413.0
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not62032.9
4) Generally rely50726.9
5) Rely completely22011.7
9) DK211.1
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
150) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Religious leaders on the role of women in society and politics. (RELWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely1769.4
2) Generally do not rely1497.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not41321.9
4) Generally rely63533.7
5) Rely completely45224.0
9) DK251.3
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
151) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on the role of women in society and politics. (MEDWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely21811.6
2) Generally do not rely19710.5
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not58431.0
4) Generally rely51327.3
5) Rely completely31616.8
9) DK261.4
97) NA30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
152) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Satellite TV and internet on the role of women in society and politics. (SATWOMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely36019.1
2) Generally do not rely26814.2
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not49526.3
4) Generally rely44523.6
5) Rely completely25613.6
9) DK311.6
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
153) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Parents on politics and forms of government. (PARPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely25413.5
2) Generally do not rely1809.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not39521.0
4) Generally rely51227.2
5) Rely completely48325.7
9) DK291.5
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
154) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Teachers of religion at school or university on politics and forms of government. (TCHPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely20811.1
2) Generally do not rely24413.0
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not47425.2
4) Generally rely57730.7
5) Rely completely32017.0
9) DK301.6
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
155) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Other (secular) teachers on politics and forms of government. (OTCHPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely30616.3
2) Generally do not rely26514.1
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not57530.6
4) Generally rely46124.5
5) Rely completely20911.1
9) DK341.8
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
156) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Friends on politics and forms of government. (FRNDPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely24312.9
2) Generally do not rely22812.1
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not66435.3
4) Generally rely49326.2
5) Rely completely19910.6
9) DK221.2
97) NA80.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
157) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Religious leaders on politics and forms of government. (RELDPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely20510.9
2) Generally do not rely19710.5
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not48926.0
4) Generally rely59731.7
5) Rely completely32117.1
9) DK351.9
97) NA130.7
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
158) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on politics and forms of government. (MEDIAPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely1508.0
2) Generally do not rely1628.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not53828.6
4) Generally rely54629.0
5) Rely completely42922.8
9) DK281.5
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
159) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Satellite TV and internet on politics and forms of government. (SATINPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely27214.5
2) Generally do not rely21011.2
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not48125.6
4) Generally rely48825.9
5) Rely completely36219.2
9) DK412.2
97) NA30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
160) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Parents on your education and career choice. (PAREDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely1879.9
2) Generally do not rely995.3
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not26213.9
4) Generally rely49626.4
5) Rely completely80242.6
9) DK90.5
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
161) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Teachers of religion at school or university on your education and career choice. (TCHEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely28315.0
2) Generally do not rely21311.3
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not42522.6
4) Generally rely52027.6
5) Rely completely40421.5
9) DK100.5
97) NA20.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
162) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Other (secular) teachers on your education and career choice. (OTCHEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely34918.5
2) Generally do not rely26714.2
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not51427.3
4) Generally rely47325.1
5) Rely completely23412.4
9) DK140.7
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
163) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Friends on your education and career choice. (FRNDEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely28615.2
2) Generally do not rely1779.4
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not60131.9
4) Generally rely51327.3
5) Rely completely26414.0
9) DK120.6
97) NA40.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
164) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Religious leaders on your education and career choice. (RELDEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely34418.3
2) Generally do not rely21311.3
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not46424.7
4) Generally rely50426.8
5) Rely completely30216.0
9) DK231.2
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
165) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on your education and career choice. (MDIAEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely38820.6
2) Generally do not rely24212.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not53828.6
4) Generally rely45424.1
5) Rely completely21011.2
9) DK221.2
97) NA30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
166) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Satellite TV and internet on your education and career choice. (STINEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely42722.7
2) Generally do not rely25513.5
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not49126.1
4) Generally rely43723.2
5) Rely completely21311.3
9) DK331.8
97) NA10.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
167) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Parents on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (PRNTEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely32717.4
2) Generally do not rely20010.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not39420.9
4) Generally rely44123.4
5) Rely completely44323.5
9) DK462.4
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
168) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Teachers of religion at school or university on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (TCHEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely25413.5
2) Generally do not rely22512.0
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not41622.1
4) Generally rely48325.7
5) Rely completely44323.5
9) DK301.6
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
169) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Other (secular) teachers on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (OTCHEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely20410.8
2) Generally do not rely19710.5
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not51327.3
4) Generally rely50626.9
5) Rely completely39320.9
9) DK372.0
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
170) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Friends on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (FRNDEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely31516.7
2) Generally do not rely23912.7
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not61532.7
4) Generally rely44423.6
5) Rely completely19010.1
9) DK452.4
97) NA90.5
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
171) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Religious leaders on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (RELDEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely31516.7
2) Generally do not rely20911.1
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not45624.2
4) Generally rely46624.8
5) Rely completely35618.9
9) DK432.3
97) NA120.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
172) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (MEDIEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely1709.0
2) Generally do not rely1296.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not47825.4
4) Generally rely60932.4
5) Rely completely42822.7
9) DK372.0
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
173) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Satellite TV and internet on evolution as an explanation of how plants and animals have evolved. (SATNEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely24212.9
2) Generally do not rely18810.0
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not40821.7
4) Generally rely55629.5
5) Rely completely41221.9
9) DK452.4
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
174) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Parents on Western societies and foreign culture. (PRNTFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely36419.3
2) Generally do not rely20310.8
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not35218.7
4) Generally rely44523.6
5) Rely completely45924.4
9) DK291.5
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
175) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Teachers of religion at school or university on Western societies and foreign culture. (TCHRFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely25113.3
2) Generally do not rely19910.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not45824.3
4) Generally rely51527.4
5) Rely completely41021.8
9) DK191.0
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
176) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Other (secular) teachers on Western societies and foreign culture. (OTCHFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely27514.6
2) Generally do not rely21811.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not56730.1
4) Generally rely48325.7
5) Rely completely28215.0
9) DK251.3
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
177) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Friends on Western societies and foreign culture. (FRNDFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely21411.4
2) Generally do not rely1779.4
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not62333.1
4) Generally rely51827.5
5) Rely completely29615.7
9) DK221.2
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
178) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Religious leaders on Western societies and foreign culture. (RELDFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely26414.0
2) Generally do not rely19910.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not43323.0
4) Generally rely54128.7
5) Rely completely37519.9
9) DK341.8
97) NA110.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
179) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on Western societies and foreign culture. (MEDAFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely1226.5
2) Generally do not rely1286.8
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not49426.2
4) Generally rely57930.8
5) Rely completely49926.5
9) DK251.3
97) NA100.5
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
180) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: Satellite TV and internet on Western societies and foreign culture. (SATNFORN)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely20610.9
2) Generally do not rely1729.1
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not43623.2
4) Generally rely52127.7
5) Rely completely48625.8
9) DK311.6
97) NA50.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
181) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Parents on the role religion plays in politics and society. (PRNTRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely16518.4
2) Generally do not rely485.3
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not15116.8
4) Generally rely29332.6
5) Rely completely24226.9
Missing983 
TOTAL899100.0
182) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Parents on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SPARRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely212.3
2) Generally do not rely697.4
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not13914.9
4) Generally rely29631.7
5) Rely completely40843.7
Missing949 
TOTAL933100.0
183) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Teachers of religion at school or university on the role religion plays in politics and society. (TCHRRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely10111.3
2) Generally do not rely535.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not15116.8
4) Generally rely32936.7
5) Rely completely26329.3
Missing985 
TOTAL897100.0
184) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Teachers of religion at school or university on the role religion plays in politics and society. (STCHRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely171.8
2) Generally do not rely434.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not19921.4
4) Generally rely31533.9
5) Rely completely35538.2
Missing953 
TOTAL929100.0
185) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Other (secular) teachers on the role religion plays in politics and society. (OTCHRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely22024.6
2) Generally do not rely14015.6
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not26930.1
4) Generally rely18921.1
5) Rely completely778.6
Missing987 
TOTAL895100.0
186) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Other (secular) teachers on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SOTCRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely717.7
2) Generally do not rely768.3
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not31033.7
4) Generally rely24426.5
5) Rely completely21923.8
Missing962 
TOTAL920100.0
187) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Friends on the role religion plays in politics and society. (FRNDRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely21924.5
2) Generally do not rely13214.8
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not31635.3
4) Generally rely17019.0
5) Rely completely576.4
Missing988 
TOTAL894100.0
188) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Friends on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SFNDRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely313.4
2) Generally do not rely808.7
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not28130.5
4) Generally rely34737.6
5) Rely completely18319.8
Missing960 
TOTAL922100.0
189) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Religious leaders on the role religion plays in politics and society. (RELDRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely9710.9
2) Generally do not rely536.0
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not14115.9
4) Generally rely32736.9
5) Rely completely26930.3
Missing995 
TOTAL887100.0
190) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Religious leaders on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SRLDRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely101.1
2) Generally do not rely363.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not18820.3
4) Generally rely30933.3
5) Rely completely38441.4
Missing955 
TOTAL927100.0
191) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on the role religion plays in politics and society. (MEDARLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely13715.2
2) Generally do not rely707.8
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not24727.5
4) Generally rely26429.4
5) Rely completely18120.1
Missing983 
TOTAL899100.0
192) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Media—domestic TV and newspapers—on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SMEDRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely535.7
2) Generally do not rely838.9
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not31033.3
4) Generally rely30032.2
5) Rely completely18620.0
Missing950 
TOTAL932100.0
193) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Egypt) Satellite TV and internet on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SATRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely21924.4
2) Generally do not rely819.0
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not22425.0
4) Generally rely22324.9
5) Rely completely15016.7
Missing985 
TOTAL897100.0
194) To what extent do you rely on, that is, do you believe and trust, what the following people tell you about the following subjects: (Saudi Arabia) Satellite TV and internet on the role religion plays in politics and society. (SSATRLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Do not rely10411.2
2) Generally do not rely14215.4
3) Sometimes rely and sometimes not26728.9
4) Generally rely26028.1
5) Rely completely15216.4
Missing957 
TOTAL925100.0
195) A person can just accept answers from expert without question. (ACCPTANS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31716.8
2) Agree39621.0
3) Disagree87146.3
4) Strongly disagree26814.2
9) DK20.1
97) NA30.2
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
196) (Egypt) What are considered scientific truths can change with time. (TRTHCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19021.4
2) Agree45951.7
3) Disagree21424.1
4) Strongly disagree252.8
Missing994 
TOTAL888100.0
197) (Saudi Arabia) Scientific truths can usually be taken into account although they change with time. (SCNCCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27829.1
2) Agree49051.4
3) Disagree15115.8
4) Strongly disagree353.7
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
198) (Egypt) If people read about anything in an educational book they are confident in its correctness. (BOOKCRCT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree889.9
2) Agree29833.6
3) Disagree42848.3
4) Strongly disagree728.1
Missing996 
TOTAL886100.0
199) (Saudi Arabia) If people read something that was in a scientific book then they definitely trust what is written. (TRSTBOOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28329.7
2) Agree47149.4
3) Disagree18519.4
4) Strongly disagree151.6
Missing928 
TOTAL954100.0
200) Even in science, it is important to critically evaluate what experts tell us. (EXAMSCNC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree49626.4
2) Agree92949.4
3) Disagree37720.0
4) Strongly disagree351.9
9) DK110.6
97) NA90.5
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
201) Scientific truths don't change. (NOSCCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree41822.2
2) Agree52127.7
3) Disagree74239.4
4) Strongly disagree1608.5
9) DK90.5
97) NA70.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
202) People can accept knowledge from scientific sources without discussion (KNOWDISC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32017.0
2) Agree46824.9
3) Disagree82543.8
4) Strongly disagree23512.5
9) DK30.2
97) NA60.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
203) What is the importance of (how important is) exercise (sport) in your life? (IMPTEXER)
TOTAL%
1) Very important84044.6
2) Important52527.9
3) Somewhat important28415.1
4) Not very important1166.2
5) Not at all important703.7
9) 980.4
97) NA130.7
99) 9910.1
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
204) Sex of respondent. (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male105155.8
2) Female80642.8
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
205) Can you tell me your year of birth, please? 19__ (DOB)
TOTAL%
999) RA251.3
1980) 198032317.2
1981) 198118910.0
1982) 19821729.1
1983) 19831769.4
1984) 198420110.7
1985) 198522311.8
1986) 198621911.6
1987) 198735418.8
TOTAL1882100.0
206) This means you are __years old. (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 1836719.5
19) 1922612.0
20) 2021711.5
21) 2120110.7
22) 221709.0
23) 231819.6
24) 241809.6
25) 2531516.7
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
207) What is the highest level of education you have completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education231.2
2) Incomplete primary school170.9
3) Complete primary school804.3
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type19210.2
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type45824.3
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type1709.0
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type32917.5
8) Some university-level education, without degree33117.6
9) University-level education, with degree25013.3
97) NA10.1
99) 9960.3
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
208) Have you attended school at all in the past 6 months? (SIXSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes84945.1
2) No100053.1
97) NA80.4
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
209) What is the highest level of education your father has completed? (DADEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education25113.3
2) Incomplete primary school844.5
3) Complete primary school28715.2
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type1508.0
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type33918.0
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type1065.6
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type20110.7
8) Some university-level education, without degree522.8
9) University-level education, with degree32917.5
97) NA10.1
99) DK573.0
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
210) What is the highest level of education your mother has completed? (MOMEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education47925.5
2) Incomplete primary school1819.6
3) Complete primary school35919.1
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type1839.7
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type26314.0
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type573.0
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type1256.6
8) Some university-level education, without degree130.7
9) University-level education, with degree1296.9
99) DK683.6
999) RA251.3
TOTAL1882100.0
211) During the time that you were between the ages of 12 and 16 did you live longest on a farm, in a village, in a town, in a small city, or in a large city? (LIVE1216)
TOTAL%
1) Farm110.6
2) Village663.6
3) Town804.3
4) Small city22011.9
5) Large city147979.7
Missing26 
TOTAL1856100.0
212) During the time that your father was between the ages of 15 and 25 did he live longest on a farm, in a village, in a town, in a small city, or in a large city? (DAD1525)
TOTAL%
1) Farm100.5
2) Village1477.9
3) Town1085.8
4) Small city30716.5
5) Large city128469.2
Missing26 
TOTAL1856100.0
213) During the time that your mother was between the ages of 15 and 25 did she live longest on a farm, in a village, in a town, in a small city, or in a large city? (MOM1525)
TOTAL%
1) Farm130.7
2) Village1488.0
3) Town1196.4
4) Small city26014.0
5) Large city131670.9
Missing26 
TOTAL1856100.0
214) In which profession/occupation do you work? If more than one job: the main job. (OCCUPATN)
TOTAL%
1) Employer/manager of establishment with 10 or more employees412.2
2) Employer/manager of establishment with less than 10 employees412.2
3) Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc1055.6
4) Supervisory - office worker: supervises others794.2
5) Non-manual – office worker: non-supervisory723.8
6) Foreman and supervisor573.0
7) Skilled manual worker1266.7
8) Semi-skilled manual worker492.6
9) Unskilled manual worker231.2
10) Farmer: has own farm10.1
11) Agricultural worker10.1
12) Member of armed forces, security personnel402.1
13) Has no occupation121764.7
97) NA40.2
999) RA261.4
TOTAL1882100.0
215) In which profession/occupation does your father work? If more than one job: the main job. (DADJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Employer/manager of establishment with 10 or more employees19910.6
2) Employer/manager of establishment with less than 10 employees21711.5
3) Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc32317.2
4) Supervisory - office worker: supervises others19710.5
5) Non-manual – office worker: non-supervisory1055.6
6) Foreman and supervisor1136.0
7) Skilled manual worker32417.2
8) Semi-skilled manual worker542.9
9) Unskilled manual worker211.1
10) Farmer: has own farm211.1
11) Agricultural worker130.7
12) Member of armed forces, security personnel1226.5
13) Has no occupation1327.0
97) NA150.8
999) RA261.4
TOTAL1882100.0
216) People sometimes describe themselves as belonging to the working class, the middle class, or the upper or lower class. Would you describe yourself as belonging to the: (CLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Upper class1115.9
2) Upper middle class64134.1
3) Lower middle class76740.8
4) Working class27214.5
5) Lower class472.5
9) DK181.0
999) RA261.4
TOTAL1882100.0
217) Here is a scale of incomes. We would like to know in what group your household is, counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in. Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [CODE INCOME CATEGORIES BY DECILES FOR YOUR SOCIETY, 1=LOWEST DECILE, 10=HIGHEST DECILE] (INCPERC)
TOTAL%
1) C865.0
2) D18610.8
3) E17310.0
4) F25014.5
5) G17610.2
6) H1287.4
7) I21312.3
8) J1166.7
9) K1267.3
10) L27616.0
Missing152 
TOTAL1730100.0
218) Do you ever watch television? IF YES: How much time do you usually spend watching television on an average weekday (NOT WEEKENDS)? (WATCHTV)
TOTAL%
1) Do not watch TV or do not have access to TV512.7
2) 1-2 hours per day40121.3
3) 2-3 hours per day50126.6
4) More than 3 hours per day88046.8
9) DK191.0
97) NA40.2
999) RA261.4
TOTAL1882100.0
219) Total length of interview: ____Minutes. (INTVLGTH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL188256.53108
220) During the interview the respondent was… (INTREST)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested124466.1
2) Somewhat interested51627.4
3) Not very interested794.2
97) NA191.0
999) RA241.3
TOTAL1882100.0
221) Size of town (TOWNSIZE)
TOTAL%
6) 50,000-100,00025213.4
7) 100,000-500,00047925.5
8) 500,000 and more112759.9
97) NA10.1
999) RA231.2
TOTAL1882100.0
222) Ethnic group [code by observation]. (ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Native Egyptian89396.2
2) Arab (non-Egyptian) living in Egypt70.8
97) NA50.5
999) RA232.5
Missing954 
TOTAL928100.0
223) Region where the interview was conducted (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Cairo28915.5
2) Alexandria29115.7
3) El-Menya32517.5
4) Jeddah47325.4
5) Riyadh32117.3
6) Damman/Khobar1608.6
Missing23 
TOTAL1859100.0
224) I-AGE: This means you are __years old. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2081043.6
2) 21-2355229.7
3) 24-2549526.7
Missing25 
TOTAL1857100.0
225) I-EDUC: What is the highest level of education you have completed? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal education231.2
1) Primary School975.2
2) Incomplete Secondary School82044.3
3) Complete Secondary School32917.8
4) Some university-level education, without degree33117.9
5) University-level education, with degree25013.5
Missing32 
TOTAL1850100.0
226) I-GENDER: Sex of respondent. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male105156.6
2) Female80643.4
Missing25 
TOTAL1857100.0
227) I-REGION: Region where the interview was conducted (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Cairo28915.5
2) Alexandria29115.7
3) El-Menya32517.5
4) Jeddah47325.4
5) Riyadh32117.3
6) Damman/Khobar1608.6
Missing23 
TOTAL1859100.0