Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1993

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > News Polls > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 1) WT
1) Weight (WT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2.2921.403
2) State (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18382.371.50
3) Area (AREA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18382.171.14
4) Stratum (STRATUM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18382.630.69
5) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) East68837.5
2) Midwest40121.8
3) South41622.6
4) West33218.1
TOTAL1837100.0
6) Respondent's sex: (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male88648.2
2) Female95251.8
TOTAL1838100.0
7) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL183842.1717.20
8) What was the last grade or class you completed in school? (EDUCATIO)
TOTAL%
1) Some high school or less35819.5
2) High school graduate70938.6
3) Some college or vocational school37620.5
4) College graduate24413.3
5) Some graduate or professional school382.1
6) Graduate or professional degree995.4
7) Don't know/Refused13.7
TOTAL1837100.0
9) What is your race - White, African-American, Hispanic, Asian, or some other? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) Other3.2
2) Don't know7.4
3) Refused201.1
6) White145479.5
7) African-American884.8
8) Hispanic24213.2
9) Asian14.8
Missing9 
TOTAL1828100.0
10) What is your annual income before taxes? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,00031116.9
2) $10,000 to 19,99938821.1
3) $20,000 to 29,99933218.1
4) $30,000 to 39,99929015.8
5) $40,000 to 49,9991457.9
6) $50,000 to 74,9991659
7) $75,000 and over834.5
8) Don't know/Refused/No answer1246.7
TOTAL1838100.0
11) I will read five items and, after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened your commitment to the Catholic Church, or had no effect one way or the other. If you don't know, tell me that. -- The Church's teaching that artificial contraception is morally wrong. (CONTWRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened21711.8
2) Weakened61333.3
3) No Effect91349.6
4) Don't know/Refused965.2
TOTAL1839100.0
12) I will read five items and, after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened your commitment to the Catholic Church, or had no effect one way or the other. If you don't know, tell me that. -- The Church's teaching that abortion is morally wrong. (ABRTWRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened69137.6
2) Weakened41122.4
3) No Effect66736.3
4) Don't know/Refused693.8
TOTAL1838100.0
13) I will read five items and, after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened your commitment to the Catholic Church, or had no effect one way or the other. If you don't know, tell me that. -- The policy of ordaining men, but not women, to the priesthood. (ORDANWM)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened26914.6
2) Weakened46525.3
3) No Effect103256.1
4) Don't know/Refused723.9
TOTAL1838100.0
14) I will read five items and, after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened your commitment to the Catholic Church, or had no effect one way or the other. If you don't know, tell me that. -- Reports indicating that a significant number of priests have homosexual tendencies. (PRSTHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened764.1
2) Weakened64535.1
3) No Effect100354.5
4) Don't know/Refused1156.3
TOTAL1839100.0
15) I will read five items and, after each, please tell me if it has strengthened your commitment to the Catholic Church, weakened your commitment to the Catholic Church, or had no effect one way or the other. If you don't know, tell me that. -- Reports indicating that a number of priests have abused children sexually. (PRSTABUS)
TOTAL%
1) Strengthened693.8
2) Weakened92050.1
3) No Effect76241.5
4) Don't know/Refused874.7
TOTAL1838100.0
16) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case, I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and church leaders working together. -- A divorced Catholic remarrying without getting an annulment. (DVRCECTH)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders (Pope and Bishops)42523.1
2) Individuals working together69037.5
3) Both67836.9
4) Don't know/Refused452.4
TOTAL1838100.0
17) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case, I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and church leaders working together. -- A Catholic practicing contraceptive birth control. (BRTHCNRL)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders (Pope and Bishops)24813.5
2) Individuals working together105457.3
3) Both48426.3
4) Don't know/Refused522.8
TOTAL1838100.0
18) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case, I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and church leaders working together. -- A Catholic advocating free choice regarding abortion. (ABORTADV)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders (Pope and Bishops)38320.8
2) Individuals working together80844
3) Both59832.5
4) Don't know/Refused492.7
TOTAL1838100.0
19) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case, I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and church leaders working together. -- A Catholic who engages in homosexual behavior. (HOMOSXBH)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders (Pope and Bishops)47725.9
2) Individuals working together72139.2
3) Both55130
4) Don't know/Refused904.9
TOTAL1839100.0
20) Next, I would like your opinion on several issues that involve moral authority in the Catholic Church. In each case, I would like to know who you think should have the final say about what is right or wrong. The choices are: the church leaders, that is, the pope and bishops; individuals taking church teaching into account and deciding for themselves; or both individuals and church leaders working together. -- Sexual relations outside of marriage. (SEXREL)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders (Pope and Bishops)43023.4
2) Individuals working together80543.8
3) Both55230
4) Don't know/Refused512.8
TOTAL1838100.0
21) In the last five years, has your commitment to your local parish changed? Have you become more committed, less committed, or has there been no change? (PRSHCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) More committed40221.9
2) Less committed45925
3) No change91749.9
4) Not sure603.3
TOTAL1838100.0
22) In the last five years, has your confidence in the American bishops changed? Have you become more confident in them, less confident, or has there been no change? (AMBSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) More confident1337.2
2) Less confident52728.7
3) No change115863
4) Not sure16.9
5) Refused3.2
TOTAL1837100.0
23) In the last five years, has your confidence in the Pope and the Vatican changed? Have you become more confident in them, less confident, or has there been no change? (POPEVATN)
TOTAL%
1) More confident24213.2
2) Less confident29816.2
3) No change128269.7
4) Not sure14.8
5) Refused2.1
TOTAL1838100.0
24) In recent years, the American Catholic bishops have written several pastoral letters. Have you heard about or read about any of the following letters? -- The 1983 peace pastoral. (PEACEPSL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33318.1
2) No145379
3) Not sure/Refused532.9
TOTAL1839100.0
25) In recent years, the American Catholic bishops have written several pastoral letters. Have you heard about or read about any of the following letters? -- The 1985 pastoral on economic justice. (ECONPSL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34718.9
2) No143978.3
3) Not sure/Refused522.8
TOTAL1838100.0
26) In recent years, the American Catholic bishops have written several pastoral letters. Have you heard about or read about any of the following letters? -- The 1992 draft pastoral letter on the role of women in the church. (WMNPSL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes81544.3
2) No99354
3) Not sure/Refused301.6
TOTAL1838100.0
27) Do you agree, or disagree, with the bishops' decision not to publish this pastoral on women in the church? (WMNINCH)
TOTAL%
1) Agree20625.3
2) Disagree53665.8
3) Not sure678.2
4) Refused5.6
Missing1024 
TOTAL814100.0
28) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Can one be a good Catholic without going to Church every Sunday. (NOCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes134172.9
2) No46225.1
3) Not sure/Refused362
TOTAL1839100.0
29) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Church's teaching regarding birth control. (BRTHOBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes134473.1
2) No44224
3) Not sure/Refused532.9
TOTAL1839100.0
30) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Church's teaching regarding divorce and remarriage. (DIVROBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes114062
2) No63634.6
3) Not sure/Refused623.4
TOTAL1838100.0
31) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without obeying the Church's teaching regarding abortion. (ABRTOBEY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes102455.7
2) No73239.8
3) Not sure/Refused834.5
TOTAL1839100.0
32) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without believing in the infallibility of the Pope. (INFALLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92550.3
2) No77842.3
3) Not sure/Refused1357.3
TOTAL1838100.0
33) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without getting married in the Church. (NOCHMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes112861.3
2) No65935.8
3) Not sure/Refused522.8
TOTAL1839100.0
34) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without donating time or money to help the poor. (NOPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes95952.2
2) No81444.3
3) Not sure/Refused653.5
TOTAL1838100.0
35) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without donating time or money to your parish. (NOPARISH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes104556.8
2) No74840.7
3) Not sure/Refused462.5
TOTAL1839100.0
36) The following statements deal with what you think it takes to be a good Catholic. Please tell me if you think a person can be a good Catholic without performing these actions. -- Without contributing money annually to the special collection for the Pope (that is, Peter's Pence). (NOCOLLEC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes145379.1
2) No33918.4
3) Not sure/Refused462.5
TOTAL1838100.0
37) Some people think that the Catholic Church should have more democratic decision-making in church affairs that do not involve matters of faith than it has at the present time. Do you favor or oppose this idea at the local parish level? (PRSHDECI)
TOTAL%
1) Favor112961.4
2) Oppose58832
3) Don't know/Refused1226.6
TOTAL1839100.0
38) Some people think that the Catholic Church should have more democratic decision-making in church affairs that do not involve matters of faith than it has at the present time. Do you favor or oppose this idea at the diocesan level? (DIOSDECI)
TOTAL%
1) Favor109559.6
2) Oppose49927.1
3) Don't know/Refused24413.3
TOTAL1838100.0
39) Some people think that the Catholic Church should have more democratic decision-making in church affairs that do not involve matters of faith than it has at the present time. Do you favor or oppose this idea at the level of the Vatican? (VATIDECI)
TOTAL%
1) Favor106157.7
2) Oppose58631.9
3) Don't know/Refused19110.4
TOTAL1838100.0
40) Here is a question about the American Catholic bishops. Should the American bishops become more independent or less independent from the Vatican and the Pope in the way they run the Catholic Church in America or, should the situation remain as it is now? (BSHPIND)
TOTAL%
1) More independent68537.2
2) Less independent20711.3
3) Remain same as now87647.6
4) Don't know/Refused713.9
TOTAL1839100.0
41) To what extent is the Catholic Church important to you personally? It is... (CHRCHIMP)
TOTAL%
1) The most important part of your life19610.7
2) Among the most important parts of your life59532.4
3) Quite important to you, but so are many other areas of your life.73540
4) Not terribly important to you19110.4
5) Not very important to you1065.8
6) Not sure16.9
TOTAL1839100.0
42) How often do you attend Mass? (ATTMASS)
TOTAL%
1) Daily341.8
2) At least once a week72139.2
3) Almost every week27214.8
4) About once a month32317.6
5) Seldom36419.8
6) Never925
7) Don't know/No answer/Refused331.8
TOTAL1839100.0
43) How regularly do you pray, apart from Mass? (PRAY)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a day1769.6
2) Daily105257.2
3) At least once a week25513.9
4) Occasionally1588.6
5) Seldom1307.1
6) Never432.3
7) Don't know/No answer/Refused241.3
TOTAL1838100.0
44) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- How about in deciding how parish income should be spent. (PRSHINCM)
TOTAL%
1) Should151782.5
2) Should not24313.2
3) Not Sure/Refused794.3
TOTAL1839100.0
45) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Selecting the priests for their parish. (PICKPRST)
TOTAL%
1) Should136374.2
2) Should not41922.8
3) Not Sure/Refused563
TOTAL1838100.0
46) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making church policy about divorce. (DIVORCPL)
TOTAL%
1) Should111560.7
2) Should not63834.7
3) Not Sure/Refused854.6
TOTAL1838100.0
47) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Making church policy about birth control. (BRTHCLPL)
TOTAL%
1) Should113962
2) Should not63734.7
3) Not Sure/Refused623.4
TOTAL1838100.0
48) For each of the following areas of church life, please tell me if you think the Catholic laity should have the right to participate, or should not have the right to participate. -- Deciding whether women should be ordained to the priesthood. (WMNORDAN)
TOTAL%
1) Should114862.4
2) Should not63134.3
3) Not Sure/Refused603.3
TOTAL1839100.0
49) If a shortage of priests in the future required a reduction of priestly activities, some changes may occur in parish life. I am going to read a list of six changes which may occur. Please tell me after each if you would be willing to accept it in your home parish? Tell me if it would be very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to you. -- Reduce the number of Masses to less than one a week. (LESSMASS)
TOTAL%
1) Very Acceptable20311
2) Somewhat Acceptable54829.8
3) Not at all Acceptable105757.5
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused311.7
TOTAL1839100.0
50) If a shortage of priests in the future required a reduction of priestly activities, some changes may occur in parish life. I am going to read a list of six changes which may occur. Please tell me after each if you would be willing to accept it in your home parish? Tell me if it would be very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to you. -- Baptisms performed only by deacons or lay officials of the Church. (LAYBAPT)
TOTAL%
1) Very Acceptable48426.3
2) Somewhat Acceptable68037
3) Not at all Acceptable64134.9
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused321.7
TOTAL1837100.0
51) If a shortage of priests in the future required a reduction of priestly activities, some changes may occur in parish life. I am going to read a list of six changes which may occur. Please tell me after each if you would be willing to accept it in your home parish? Tell me if it would be very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to you. -- Marriages performed only by deacons or lay officials of the Church. (LAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Very Acceptable36419.8
2) Somewhat Acceptable56931
3) Not at all Acceptable87147.4
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused341.8
TOTAL1838100.0
52) If a shortage of priests in the future required a reduction of priestly activities, some changes may occur in parish life. I am going to read a list of six changes which may occur. Please tell me after each if you would be willing to accept it in your home parish? Tell me if it would be very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to you. -- No priests available for visiting the sick. (VSTSICK)
TOTAL%
1) Very Acceptable23712.9
2) Somewhat Acceptable51728.1
3) Not at all Acceptable105957.6
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused261.4
TOTAL1839100.0
53) If a shortage of priests in the future required a reduction of priestly activities, some changes may occur in parish life. I am going to read a list of six changes which may occur. Please tell me after each if you would be willing to accept it in your home parish? Tell me if it would be very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to you. -- No priests available for administering Last Rites for the dying. (LASTRITE)
TOTAL%
1) Very Acceptable22412.2
2) Somewhat Acceptable31717.2
3) Not at all Acceptable128069.6
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused17.9
TOTAL1838100.0
54) If a shortage of priests in the future required a reduction of priestly activities, some changes may occur in parish life. I am going to read a list of six changes which may occur. Please tell me after each if you would be willing to accept it in your home parish? Tell me if it would be very acceptable, somewhat acceptable, or not at all acceptable to you. -- No resident priest in the parish, but only a lay parish administrator and visiting priests. (LAYADMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Very Acceptable28215.3
2) Somewhat Acceptable74340.4
3) Not at all Acceptable77041.9
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused432.3
TOTAL1838100.0
55) If, due to a shortage of priests, Sunday Mass could not be celebrated, would a Communion Service led by a layperson using consecrated hosts be a satisfactory substitute for you? (LAYCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) On a regular basis29916.3
2) On occasion98953.8
3) Not at all52928.8
4) Don't know/Refused221.2
TOTAL1839100.0
56) Now I will read three statements about the priesthood. After each, please tell me if you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly? -- Since the original leaders of the Church were men, women should not be ordained to the priesthood. (NOWMNORD)
TOTAL%
1) Agree Strongly35019.1
2) Agree Somewhat22612.3
3) Disagree Somewhat40422
4) Disagree Strongly81944.6
5) Don't know/Refused382.1
TOTAL1837100.0
57) Now I will read three statements about the priesthood. After each, please tell me if you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly? -- It would be a good thing if married men were allowed to be ordained as priests. (MARMNORD)
TOTAL%
1) Agree Strongly85946.7
2) Agree Somewhat46225.1
3) Disagree Somewhat1337.2
4) Disagree Strongly35019
5) Don't know/Refused341.8
TOTAL1838100.0
58) Now I will read three statements about the priesthood. After each, please tell me if you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly? -- It would be a good thing if women were allowed to be ordained as priests. (WMNPRST)
TOTAL%
1) Agree Strongly72039.2
2) Agree Somewhat45624.8
3) Disagree Somewhat1809.8
4) Disagree Strongly45424.7
5) Don't know/Refused281.5
TOTAL1838100.0
59) Now, I would like you to imagine a scale from 1 to 7. At point "1" is the statement, "I would never leave the Catholic Church." At point "7" is the statement, "Yes, I might leave the Catholic Church." Where would you place yourself on that scale? (LEAVECH)
TOTAL%
1) Would never leave the Catholic Church92850.5
2) 19110.4
3) 1598.7
4) 1447.8
5) 1538.3
6) 593.2
7) Might leave the Catholic Church1729.4
8) Don't know/Refused321.7
TOTAL1838100.0
60) Are you currently married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
2) Don't know1.1
3) Refused9.5
6) Married98353.5
7) Divorced19710.7
8) Widowed1568.5
9) Separated492.7
10) Never Married44324.1
TOTAL1838100.0
61) Did you ever attend Catholic grade school? (ELEMSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes94551.4
2) No88448.1
3) Don't know/Refused9.5
TOTAL1838100.0
62) Did you ever attend Catholic high school? (HIGHSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44424.2
2) No138575.4
3) Don't know/Refused9.5
TOTAL1838100.0
63) Did you ever attend Catholic college? (COLLEGE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1568.5
2) No165790.2
3) Don't know/Refused251.4
TOTAL1838100.0
64) Are you employed full time, part time, or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Full time98953.8
2) Part time27615
3) Not employed56430.7
4) Don't know/No answer/Refused9.5
TOTAL1838100.0
65) Please tell me the kind of work that you do. If you are unemployed but not retired, what type of work would you do if employed? (IFWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Professional worker29416
2) Manager, executive or official1256.8
3) Business owner472.6
4) Clerical or office worker20511.1
5) Sales worker804.3
6) Manufacturer's representative13.7
7) Service worker1638.9
8) Skilled tradesman21711.8
9) Semi-skilled worker834.5
10) Laborer854.6
11) Full-time student522.8
12) Retired22312.1
13) Housewife1106
14) Other713.9
15) No answer/Don't know/Refused723.9
TOTAL1840100.0
66) Weight 2 (WEIGHT2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18381.370.82
67) Region (for use with on-line analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) East68837.5
2) Midwest40121.8
3) South41622.6
4) West33218.1
TOTAL1837100.0
68) Respondent's sex: (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male88648.2
2) Female95251.8
TOTAL1838100.0
69) Respondent's age (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) 18-2949727
1) 30-3945524.7
2) 40-4930816.7
3) 50-6432117.5
4) 65 & over25814
TOTAL1839100.0
70) What was the last grade or class you completed in school? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-EDUCATN)
TOTAL%
0) Some H.S.35819.6
1) H.S. grad70938.9
2) Some coll.37620.6
3) Coll. grad24413.4
4) Grad schl.1377.5
Missing13 
TOTAL1824100.0
71) What is your race - White, African-American, Hispanic, Asian, or some other? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
0) White145480.7
1) African-Am884.9
2) Hispanic24213.4
3) Other17.9
Missing36 
TOTAL1801100.0
72) What is your annual income before taxes? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
0) <20K69940.8
1) 20K-29,99933219.4
2) 30K-39,99929016.9
3) 40K-74,99931018.1
4) 75K & over834.8
Missing124 
TOTAL1714100.0
73) Are you currently married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
0) Married98353.8
1) Div/Sep.24513.4
2) Widowed1568.5
3) Never marr44324.2
Missing11 
TOTAL1827100.0