Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL26201310.504756
2) State (STATE)
TOTAL%
1) North Carolina64924.8
2) California65525.0
3) Ohio66125.2
4) Massachusetts65525.0
TOTAL2620100.0
3) Gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male112643.0
2) Female149257.0
Missing2 
TOTAL2618100.0
4) In what year were you born? (YBIRTH)
TOTAL%
10) 10.0
27) 70.3
28) 431.6
29) 491.9
30) 421.6
31) 461.8
32) 481.8
33) 471.8
34) 512.0
35) 411.6
36) 481.8
37) 431.6
38) 441.7
39) 542.1
40) 542.1
41) 642.4
42) 672.6
43) 672.6
44) 622.4
45) 461.8
46) 692.6
47) 933.6
48) 772.9
49) 813.1
50) 933.6
51) 973.7
52) 1033.9
53) 993.8
54) 883.4
55) 993.8
56) 923.5
57) 1084.1
58) 1064.1
59) 913.5
60) 1184.5
61) 1044.0
62) 803.1
63) 873.3
64) 40.2
71) 10.0
Missing6 
TOTAL2614100.0
5) I'd like to ask you a few questions about religion. -- In what religion were you raised? If more than one, which religion did you identify with most? (RELIGR)
TOTAL%
1) Christian401.5
2) Hindu40.2
3) Jewish/Judaism582.2
4) Muslim30.1
5) Protestant34913.3
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic84032.1
7) Unitarian40.2
8) Greek Orthodox100.4
9) Other religion80.3
10) Amish/Mennonite10.0
11) Assembly of God30.1
12) Baptist, non-specific37214.2
13) American Baptist Association60.2
15) Free Will Baptist Church220.8
18) Southern Baptist Convention1003.8
19) Other specific Baptist Churches60.2
20) Congregationalist160.6
21) Disciple of Christ70.3
22) Episcopalian602.3
23) Holiness291.1
24) Free Will Holiness10.0
27) Jehovah's Witness100.4
28) Lutheran, non-specific943.6
31) Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod10.0
32) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod20.1
34) Methodist, non-specific2098.0
35) African Methodist Episcopal Church10.0
36) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church20.1
37) United Methodist Church220.8
38) Other specific Methodist Churches10.0
39) Mormon/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints230.9
40) Pentecostal261.0
41) Presbyterian, non-specific1114.2
44) Other Presbyterian Churches10.0
45) Quaker/Friend40.2
46) Seventh-day Adventist70.3
47) Shaker10.0
49) Wesleyan30.1
50) Non-denominational150.6
51) Agnostic60.2
54) No religion/none853.2
97) Other Protestant denomination562.1
98) Don't know/Refused10.0
TOTAL2620100.0
6) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS RAISED PROTESTANT WERE ASKED: What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOMR)
TOTAL%
1) Christian150.6
2) Hindu40.2
3) Jewish/Judaism582.2
4) Muslim30.1
5) Protestant281.1
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic83431.9
7) Unitarian50.2
8) Greek Orthodox100.4
9) Other religion80.3
10) Amish/Mennonite10.0
11) Assembly of God70.3
12) Baptist, non-specific34313.1
13) American Baptist Association100.4
15) Free Will Baptist Church421.6
18) Southern Baptist Convention1756.7
19) Other specific Baptist Churches120.5
20) Congregationalist532.0
21) Disciple of Christ80.3
22) Episcopalian752.9
23) Holiness281.1
24) Free Will Holiness20.1
25) Apostolic Holiness20.1
26) Other specific Holiness10.0
27) Jehovah's Witness100.4
28) Lutheran, non-specific1084.1
31) Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod40.2
32) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod20.1
33) Other specific Lutheran Churches10.0
34) Methodist, non-specific2429.3
35) African Methodist Episcopal Church30.1
36) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church30.1
37) United Methodist Church371.4
38) Other specific Methodist Churches70.3
39) Mormon/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints261.0
40) Pentecostal311.2
41) Presbyterian, non-specific1435.5
43) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.10.0
44) Other Presbyterian Churches20.1
45) Quaker/Friend40.2
46) Seventh-day Adventist70.3
47) Shaker10.0
49) Wesleyan30.1
50) Non-denominational572.2
51) Agnostic60.2
54) No religion/none853.2
97) Other Protestant denomination1054.0
98) Don't know/Refused40.2
Missing4 
TOTAL2616100.0
7) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS RAISED JEWISH WERE ASKED: Were you raised [ORTHODOX, CONSERVATIVE, REFORM]? (JEWR)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox46.6
2) Conservative2541.0
3) Reform2744.3
4) None of these58.2
Missing2559 
TOTAL61100.0
8) I'd like to ask you a few questions about religion. What is your religious preference now? -- If more than one, which religion do you identify with most? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Christian461.8
2) Hindu40.2
3) Jewish/Judaism501.9
4) Muslim40.2
5) Protestant1104.2
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic70226.8
7) Unitarian100.4
8) Greek Orthodox80.3
9) Other religion240.9
10) Amish/Mennonite10.0
11) Assembly of God130.5
12) Baptist, non-specific31011.8
13) American Baptist Association100.4
15) Free Will Baptist Church341.3
18) Southern Baptist Convention1244.7
19) Other specific Baptist Churches30.1
20) Congregationalist321.2
21) Disciple of Christ60.2
22) Episcopalian501.9
23) Holiness170.6
24) Free Will Holiness10.0
25) Apostolic Holiness10.0
26) Other specific Holiness10.0
27) Jehovah's Witness160.6
28) Lutheran, non-specific833.2
31) Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod40.2
32) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod10.0
33) Other specific Lutheran Churches10.0
34) Methodist, non-specific1716.5
35) African Methodist Episcopal Church20.1
36) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church40.2
37) United Methodist Church341.3
38) Other specific Methodist Churches10.0
39) Mormon/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints251.0
40) Pentecostal572.2
41) Presbyterian, non-specific933.6
43) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.10.0
44) Other Presbyterian Churches10.0
45) Quaker/Friend90.3
46) Seventh-day Adventist90.3
48) Universalist10.0
49) Wesleyan60.2
50) Non-denominational863.3
51) Agnostic331.3
52) Atheist120.5
53) Humanist/secular humanist40.2
54) No religion/none29611.3
97) Other Protestant denomination1054.0
98) Don't know/Refused20.1
Missing2 
TOTAL2618100.0
9) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE NOW IS PROTESTANT WERE ASKED: What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Christian210.8
2) Hindu40.2
3) Jewish/Judaism491.9
4) Muslim40.2
5) Protestant240.9
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic69926.7
7) Unitarian120.5
8) Greek Orthodox80.3
9) Other religion240.9
10) Amish/Mennonite10.0
11) Assembly of God160.6
12) Baptist, non-specific28911.0
13) American Baptist Association100.4
15) Free Will Baptist Church401.5
18) Southern Baptist Convention1545.9
19) Other specific Baptist Churches100.4
20) Congregationalist421.6
21) Disciple of Christ60.2
22) Episcopalian532.0
23) Holiness190.7
24) Free Will Holiness10.0
25) Apostolic Holiness10.0
26) Other specific Holiness10.0
27) Jehovah's Witness160.6
28) Lutheran, non-specific853.2
31) Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod50.2
32) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod10.0
33) Other specific Lutheran Churches20.1
34) Methodist, non-specific1746.7
35) African Methodist Episcopal Church30.1
36) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church40.2
37) United Methodist Church441.7
38) Other specific Methodist Churches40.2
39) Mormon/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints261.0
40) Pentecostal552.1
41) Presbyterian, non-specific983.7
43) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.10.0
44) Other Presbyterian Churches30.1
45) Quaker/Friend90.3
46) Seventh-day Adventist100.4
48) Universalist10.0
49) Wesleyan60.2
50) Non-denominational1154.4
51) Agnostic331.3
52) Atheist120.5
53) Humanist/secular humanist40.2
54) No religion/none29511.3
97) Other Protestant denomination1204.6
98) Don't know/Refused20.1
Missing4 
TOTAL2616100.0
10) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS WHOSE RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE NOW IS JUDAISM/JEWISH WERE ASKED: Is that [ORTHODOX, CONSERVATIVE, REFORM]? (JEW)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox24.4
2) Conservative2044.4
3) Reform1942.2
4) None of these48.9
Missing2575 
TOTAL45100.0
11) Have you ever been anything other than (preference indicated in RELIGR AND RELIG)? (OREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1206.5
2) No171393.5
Missing787 
TOTAL1833100.0
12) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THE SAME IN RELIGR AND RELIG WERE ASKED: I'd like to go over your religious preferences since you were raised as a (preference indicated in RELIGR AND RELIG). Starting when you were 16 years old, what else have you been? Please tell me in order, earliest first. -- First religion named (REL1)
TOTAL%
1) Christian151.6
2) Hindu10.1
3) Jewish/Judaism50.5
4) Muslim30.3
5) Protestant60.7
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic707.7
7) Unitarian101.1
9) Other religion131.4
11) Assembly of God70.8
12) Baptist, non-specific788.5
13) American Baptist Association30.3
15) Free Will Baptist Church70.8
18) Southern Baptist Convention171.9
19) Other specific Baptist Churches10.1
20) Congregationalist171.9
21) Disciple of Christ20.2
22) Episcopalian283.1
23) Holiness80.9
27) Jehovah's Witness111.2
28) Lutheran, non-specific262.8
31) Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod10.1
33) Other specific Lutheran Churches10.1
34) Methodist, non-specific808.8
36) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church10.1
37) United Methodist Church101.1
39) Mormon/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints131.4
40) Pentecostal343.7
41) Presbyterian, non-specific353.8
45) Quaker/Friend60.7
46) Seventh-day Adventist80.9
48) Universalist10.1
49) Wesleyan30.3
50) Non-denominational738.0
51) Agnostic303.3
52) Atheist161.8
53) Humanist/secular humanist10.1
54) No religion/none21823.9
97) Other Protestant denomination545.9
98) Don't know/Refused10.1
Missing1706 
TOTAL914100.0
13) How old were you when you became a -- First religion provided in REL1? (REL1AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL91423.7315
14) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THE SAME IN RELIGR AND RELIG WERE ASKED: I'd like to go over your religious preferences since you were raised as a (preference indicated in RELIGR AND RELIG). Starting when you were 16 years old, have you been any other religion? -- Second religion named (REL2)
TOTAL%
1) Christian10.5
2) Hindu10.5
3) Jewish/Judaism10.5
5) Protestant10.5
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic115.7
7) Unitarian21.0
9) Other religion94.6
10) Amish/Mennonite10.5
11) Assembly of God10.5
12) Baptist, non-specific2814.4
15) Free Will Baptist Church10.5
18) Southern Baptist Convention63.1
19) Other specific Baptist Churches21.0
20) Congregationalist31.5
22) Episcopalian52.6
23) Holiness21.0
27) Jehovah's Witness21.0
28) Lutheran, non-specific94.6
34) Methodist, non-specific147.2
35) African Methodist Episcopal Church10.5
37) United Methodist Church21.0
39) Mormon/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints52.6
40) Pentecostal42.1
41) Presbyterian, non-specific84.1
45) Quaker/Friend31.5
46) Seventh-day Adventist10.5
49) Wesleyan10.5
50) Non-denominational189.3
51) Agnostic31.5
52) Atheist21.0
53) Humanist/secular humanist21.0
54) No religion/none2713.9
97) Other Protestant denomination178.8
Missing2426 
TOTAL194100.0
15) How old were you when you became a -- Second religion provided in REL2? (REL2AGE)
TOTAL%
3) 10.5
7) 10.5
8) 10.5
9) 10.5
11) 10.5
12) 10.5
13) 31.5
14) 21.0
15) 31.5
16) 42.0
17) 63.0
18) 105.0
19) 84.0
20) 73.5
21) 94.5
22) 105.0
23) 73.5
24) 115.5
25) 168.0
26) 52.5
27) 105.0
28) 84.0
29) 63.0
30) 115.5
31) 31.5
32) 42.0
33) 63.0
34) 10.5
35) 94.5
36) 21.0
37) 42.0
38) 42.0
40) 31.5
41) 10.5
43) 10.5
45) 63.0
46) 21.0
47) 21.0
49) 10.5
50) 21.0
51) 10.5
98) Don't know52.5
99) Refused21.0
Missing2419 
TOTAL201100.0
16) ONLY THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THE SAME IN RELIGR AND RELIG WERE ASKED: I'd like to go over your religious preferences since you were raised as a (preference indicated in RELIGR AND RELIG). Starting when you were 16 years old, what else have you been? Have you been any other religion? -- Third religion named (REL3)
TOTAL%
6) Roman Catholic/Catholic12.9
7) Unitarian12.9
9) Other religion38.8
12) Baptist, non-specific38.8
23) Holiness25.9
28) Lutheran, non-specific12.9
34) Methodist, non-specific25.9
37) United Methodist Church12.9
40) Pentecostal12.9
41) Presbyterian, non-specific38.8
50) Non-denominational617.6
51) Agnostic12.9
53) Humanist/secular humanist12.9
54) No religion/none514.7
97) Other Protestant denomination25.9
98) Don't know/Refused12.9
Missing2586 
TOTAL34100.0
17) How old were you when you became a -- Third religion provided in REL3? (REL3AGE)
TOTAL%
11) 12.6
14) 12.6
16) 12.6
18) 25.1
20) 25.1
21) 12.6
25) 12.6
26) 12.6
28) 410.3
30) 37.7
32) 25.1
33) 12.6
34) 12.6
35) 512.8
39) 12.6
42) 12.6
44) 12.6
53) 12.6
98) Don't know25.1
99) Refused717.9
Missing2581 
TOTAL39100.0
18) Would you call yourself a strong or not a very strong (current religious preference provided in RELIG)? (RELSTRG)
TOTAL%
1) Strong124049.1
2) Not very strong100539.8
3) Somewhat strong28211.2
Missing93 
TOTAL2527100.0
19) Would you say you feel pretty close to other (current religious preference provided in RELIG) in general, or that you don't feel much closer to them than to other people? (CLRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Feel closer87935.0
2) Do not feel closer159463.4
3) Feel closer to other people411.6
Missing106 
TOTAL2514100.0
20) Are you a member of a church/synagogue? (CHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes162563.2
2) No94736.8
Missing48 
TOTAL2572100.0
21) How important would you say this particular congregation is in your life? -- Would you say it is (CONGIMPT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important78448.4
2) Fairly important59036.4
3) Not very important24715.2
Missing999 
TOTAL1621100.0
22) Is this congregation growing in membership, or is it declining? (MEMGROW)
TOTAL%
1) Growing108369.1
2) Declining18111.6
3) Staying about the same30319.3
Missing1053 
TOTAL1567100.0
23) Is the church/synagogue in the downtown of a city, in a suburb, in a small town, a rural area, or where? (CHRURAL)
TOTAL%
1) Downtown of a city37823.3
2) Suburb52532.4
3) Small town44527.5
4) Rural area26416.3
5) Other80.5
Missing1000 
TOTAL1620100.0
24) How often do you attend religious services? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week31812.4
2) Once a week68326.6
3) Two or three times a month32312.6
4) Once a month2188.5
5) Less than once a month1887.3
6) Hardly ever, except holidays49319.2
7) Never34713.5
Missing50 
TOTAL2570100.0
25) When you were young, say 8 or 10 years old, how often did you attend Sunday school or church/synagogue? (ATTEND10)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week55821.8
2) Once a week162063.2
3) Two or three times a month1546.0
4) Once a month632.5
5) Less than once a month321.2
6) Hardly ever, except holidays712.8
7) Never642.5
Missing58 
TOTAL2562100.0
26) What about when you were older, in your early 20s, say. How often did you attend Sunday school or church/synagogue? (ATTEND20)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week2529.8
2) Once a week72528.3
3) Two or three times a month28711.2
4) Once a month2399.3
5) Less than once a month1957.6
6) Hardly ever, except holidays42016.4
7) Never44717.4
Missing55 
TOTAL2565100.0
27) Has there ever been a period of two years or more when you did not attend church/synagogue, apart from weddings, funerals and special holidays? (DROP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes124248.3
2) No133051.7
Missing48 
TOTAL2572100.0
28) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT ATTEND CHURCH/SYNAGOGUE, APART FROM WEDDINGS, FUNERALS AND SPECIAL HOLIDAYS FOR A PERIOD OF TWO YEARS OR MORE. -- How old were you when you stopped attending church/synagogue except for weddings, funerals and special holidays? (DROPAGE)
TOTAL%
1) 30.2
4) 20.2
5) 10.1
6) 10.1
7) 40.3
8) 90.7
9) 30.2
10) 211.7
11) 60.5
12) 322.6
13) 272.2
14) 413.3
15) 625.0
16) 675.4
17) 614.9
18) 15812.7
19) 675.4
20) 977.8
21) 635.1
22) 483.9
23) 413.3
24) 352.8
25) 776.2
26) 131.0
27) 221.8
28) 282.3
29) 80.6
30) 584.7
31) 121.0
32) 211.7
33) 100.8
34) 70.6
35) 312.5
36) 50.4
37) 50.4
38) 80.6
40) 201.6
42) 80.6
43) 50.4
44) 20.2
45) 110.9
46) 20.2
47) 30.2
48) 30.2
50) 40.3
51) 10.1
52) 10.1
55) 10.1
98) Don't know40.3
99) Refused252.0
Missing1376 
TOTAL1244100.0
29) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT ATTEND CHURCH/SYNAGOGUE, APART FROM WEDDINGS, FUNERALS AND SPECIAL HOLIDAYS FOR A PERIOD OF two YEARS OR MORE. -- Did you ever start attending church/synagogue again? (RETURN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes68054.4
2) No56945.6
Missing1371 
TOTAL1249100.0
30) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO DID NOT ATTEND CHURCH/SYNAGOGUE, APART FROM WEDDINGS, FUNERALS AND SPECIAL HOLIDAYS FOR A PERIOD OF TWO YEARS OR MORE. -- How old were you when you began attending church/synagogue again? (RETURAGE)
TOTAL%
6) 10.1
11) 10.1
12) 10.1
13) 10.1
14) 10.1
15) 30.4
16) 50.7
17) 71.0
18) 81.2
19) 131.9
20) 274.0
21) 213.1
22) 345.0
23) 304.4
24) 385.6
25) 578.4
26) 284.1
27) 375.4
28) 466.7
29) 111.6
30) 568.2
31) 131.9
32) 304.4
33) 182.6
34) 202.9
35) 497.2
36) 121.8
37) 20.3
38) 162.3
39) 91.3
40) 131.9
41) 20.3
42) 60.9
43) 20.3
44) 10.1
45) 213.1
46) 10.1
47) 40.6
48) 30.4
49) 30.4
50) 91.3
52) 20.3
53) 30.4
54) 10.1
55) 10.1
56) 10.1
57) 10.1
98) Don't know30.4
99) Refused101.5
Missing1938 
TOTAL682100.0
31) Would you say you are more involved in a church/synagogue now than you were five years ago, or would you say less involved, or about the same? (ACTIVECH)
TOTAL%
1) More involved57522.4
2) Less involved73628.6
3) About the same125849.0
Missing51 
TOTAL2569100.0
32) Let me ask you a few background questions, just to be sure we have a good cross section of respondents. Do you have any children? (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes195174.5
2) No66925.5
TOTAL2620100.0
33) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE CHILDREN -- How many children do you have? (NUMCHILD)
TOTAL%
1) 44422.9
2) 74538.3
3) 41921.6
4) 1929.9
5) 774.0
6) 361.9
7) 140.7
8) 110.6
9) 40.2
10) 10.1
Missing677 
TOTAL1943100.0
34) Are you currently [MARRIED, WIDOWED, DIVORCED, SEPARATED, NEVER MARRIED]? (MARRIED)
TOTAL%
1) Married173866.4
2) Widowed702.7
3) Divorced32512.4
4) Separated672.6
5) Never married41715.9
Missing3 
TOTAL2617100.0
35) In what state or country were you born? (BORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL259329.48116
36) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS THAT WERE BORN IN THE U.S.: Were both your parents born in this country? (PBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, both225890.5
2) One in U.S., one not in U.S.1566.3
4) Neither born in U.S.823.3
Missing124 
TOTAL2496100.0
37) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? -- First mentioned (ANCEST1)
TOTAL%
55) Africa773.4
56) Australia/New Zealand10.0
57) Austria130.6
58) Belgium30.1
59) Canada (French)50.2
60) Canada (other/unspecified)843.8
61) Czechoslovakia221.0
62) Denmark100.4
63) England and Wales37716.8
64) Lithuania60.3
65) France843.8
66) Germany44319.8
67) Greece140.6
68) Hungary221.0
69) India80.4
70) Ireland30913.8
71) Italy1165.2
72) Japan100.4
73) Finland30.1
74) Mexico421.9
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)472.1
76) Norway291.3
77) Philippines110.5
78) Poland753.3
79) Puerto Rico50.2
80) Romania60.3
81) Russia (USSR)401.8
82) Scotland1255.6
83) Spain231.0
84) Sweden331.5
85) Switzerland90.4
86) West Indies (non-specified)40.2
87) Yugoslavia70.3
88) China130.6
89) Middle Eastern110.5
90) Central America60.3
91) Other Asian100.4
92) Europe703.1
93) United States (North America)582.6
94) Other South American60.3
97) Other30.1
Missing380 
TOTAL2240100.0
38) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? -- Second mentioned (ANCEST2)
TOTAL%
55) Africa70.6
57) Austria121.1
59) Canada (French)40.4
60) Canada (other/unspecified)413.7
61) Czechoslovakia90.8
62) Denmark121.1
63) England and Wales16514.8
64) Lithuania50.4
65) France776.9
66) Germany19317.3
67) Greece40.4
68) Hungary131.2
70) Ireland24421.9
71) Italy322.9
72) Japan10.1
73) Finland40.4
74) Mexico20.2
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)322.9
76) Norway80.7
78) Poland353.1
80) Romania20.2
81) Russia (USSR)262.3
82) Scotland787.0
83) Spain191.7
84) Sweden191.7
85) Switzerland70.6
86) West Indies (non-specified)10.1
87) Yugoslavia30.3
88) China30.3
89) Middle Eastern20.2
90) Central America20.2
91) Other Asian50.4
92) Europe90.8
93) United States (North America)322.9
94) Other South American30.3
97) Other30.3
Missing1506 
TOTAL1114100.0
39) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? -- Third mentioned (ANCEST3)
TOTAL%
55) Africa31.0
56) Australia/New Zealand20.6
57) Austria51.6
60) Canada (other/unspecified)61.9
61) Czechoslovakia31.0
62) Denmark31.0
63) England and Wales5818.4
65) France3611.4
66) Germany5216.5
68) Hungary41.3
70) Ireland4815.2
71) Italy41.3
73) Finland20.6
74) Mexico31.0
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)134.1
76) Norway10.3
78) Poland61.9
81) Russia (USSR)51.6
82) Scotland3310.5
83) Spain10.3
84) Sweden51.6
85) Switzerland10.3
87) Yugoslavia20.6
89) Middle Eastern10.3
92) Europe51.6
93) United States (North America)123.8
94) Other South American10.3
Missing2305 
TOTAL315100.0
40) From what countries or part of the world did your ancestors come? -- Fourth mentioned (ANCEST4)
TOTAL%
60) Canada (other/unspecified)22.2
63) England and Wales1617.8
65) France1011.1
66) Germany77.8
68) Hungary22.2
70) Ireland1921.1
71) Italy44.4
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)55.6
76) Norway22.2
81) Russia (USSR)22.2
82) Scotland55.6
85) Switzerland44.4
92) Europe22.2
93) United States (North America)910.0
94) Other South American11.1
Missing2530 
TOTAL90100.0
41) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO LISTED MORE THAN ONE COUNTRY IN ANCEST1, ANCEST2, ANCEST3 and ANCEST4 WERE ASKED: Which one of these countries do you feel closest to? (ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
55) Africa30.3
56) Australia/New Zealand10.1
57) Austria30.3
59) Canada (French)40.4
60) Canada (other/unspecified)262.3
61) Czechoslovakia20.2
62) Denmark20.2
63) England and Wales12110.9
64) Lithuania10.1
65) France272.4
66) Germany908.1
67) Greece20.2
68) Hungary50.4
69) India10.1
70) Ireland14212.8
71) Italy373.3
72) Japan10.1
73) Finland20.2
74) Mexico80.7
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)131.2
76) Norway80.7
78) Poland171.5
79) Puerto Rico10.1
80) Romania10.1
81) Russia (USSR)131.2
82) Scotland373.3
83) Spain70.6
84) Sweden191.7
85) Switzerland40.4
86) West Indies (non-specified)10.1
87) Yugoslavia40.4
88) China10.1
89) Middle Eastern10.1
90) Central America30.3
92) Europe60.5
93) United States (North America)423.8
94) Other South American10.1
97) Other30.3
98) Don't know/Refused45340.7
Missing1507 
TOTAL1113100.0
42) Would you say, in general, that you feel pretty close to other people from the same national background, or that you don't feel much closer to them than to other people? (CLETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Feel closer to them49922.6
2) Don't feel closer to them168476.3
3) Feel closer to others231.0
Missing414 
TOTAL2206100.0
43) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE EVER MARRIED, WIDOWED, SEPARATED OR DIVORCED IN MARRIED: From what countries or part of the world did your spouse's ancestors come? -- First mentioned (SANCEST1)
TOTAL%
55) Africa562.5
57) Austria30.1
58) Belgium10.0
59) Canada (French)90.4
60) Canada (other/unspecified)411.9
61) Czechoslovakia130.6
62) Denmark50.2
63) England and Wales27112.3
64) Lithuania50.2
65) France602.7
66) Germany31414.3
67) Greece110.5
68) Hungary200.9
69) India70.3
70) Ireland2089.5
71) Italy1034.7
72) Japan40.2
73) Finland60.3
74) Mexico401.8
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)261.2
76) Norway150.7
77) Philippines90.4
78) Poland522.4
79) Puerto Rico50.2
80) Romania50.2
81) Russia (USSR)401.8
82) Scotland683.1
83) Spain130.6
84) Sweden271.2
85) Switzerland110.5
86) West Indies (non-specified)20.1
87) Yugoslavia90.4
88) China100.5
89) Middle Eastern70.3
90) Central America10.0
91) Other Asian110.5
92) Europe592.7
93) United States (North America)452.0
94) Other South American130.6
97) Other50.2
98) Don't know/Refused58726.7
Missing423 
TOTAL2197100.0
44) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE EVER MARRIED, WIDOWED, SEPARATED OR DIVORCED IN MARRIED: From what countries or part of the world did your spouse's ancestors come? -- Second mentioned (SANCEST2)
TOTAL%
55) Africa40.8
57) Austria61.2
59) Canada (French)10.2
60) Canada (other/unspecified)173.5
61) Czechoslovakia30.6
62) Denmark51.0
63) England and Wales7515.6
64) Lithuania10.2
65) France285.8
66) Germany8417.5
67) Greece10.2
68) Hungary71.5
69) India10.2
70) Ireland8217.0
71) Italy173.5
72) Japan10.2
74) Mexico30.6
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)173.5
76) Norway71.5
78) Poland153.1
80) Romania30.6
81) Russia (USSR)183.7
82) Scotland418.5
83) Spain51.0
84) Sweden81.7
85) Switzerland10.2
86) West Indies (non-specified)10.2
87) Yugoslavia20.4
88) China20.4
89) Middle Eastern20.4
91) Other Asian10.2
92) Europe51.0
93) United States (North America)132.7
94) Other South American20.4
97) Other20.4
Missing2139 
TOTAL481100.0
45) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE EVER MARRIED, WIDOWED, SEPARATED OR DIVORCED IN MARRIED: From what countries or part of the world did your spouse's ancestors come? -- Third mentioned (SANCEST3)
TOTAL%
55) Africa11.2
60) Canada (other/unspecified)22.4
62) Denmark11.2
63) England and Wales1113.4
65) France89.8
66) Germany1012.2
69) India11.2
70) Ireland1923.2
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)22.4
76) Norway22.4
78) Poland11.2
81) Russia (USSR)56.1
82) Scotland56.1
84) Sweden56.1
85) Switzerland22.4
87) Yugoslavia11.2
91) Other Asian11.2
92) Europe11.2
93) United States (North America)44.9
Missing2538 
TOTAL82100.0
46) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WERE EVER MARRIED, WIDOWED, SEPARATED OR DIVORCED IN MARRIED: From what countries or part of the world did your spouse's ancestors come? -- Fourth mentioned (SANCEST4)
TOTAL%
62) Denmark213.3
63) England and Wales426.7
65) France16.7
66) Germany213.3
68) Hungary16.7
70) Ireland213.3
71) Italy16.7
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)16.7
76) Norway16.7
Missing2605 
TOTAL15100.0
47) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO LISTED MORE THAN ONE COUNTRY IN ANCEST1, ANCEST2, ANCEST3 and ANCEST4: Which one of these countries does/did your spouse feel closest to? (SETHNIC)
TOTAL%
55) Africa10.2
59) Canada (French)10.2
60) Canada (other/unspecified)51.0
61) Czechoslovakia10.2
62) Denmark30.6
63) England and Wales367.5
65) France102.1
66) Germany4910.3
67) Greece10.2
68) Hungary20.4
70) Ireland347.1
71) Italy285.9
72) Japan10.2
74) Mexico51.0
75) Netherlands (Dutch/Holland)51.0
76) Norway51.0
77) Philippines20.4
78) Poland71.5
79) Puerto Rico10.2
81) Russia (USSR)40.8
82) Scotland102.1
84) Sweden20.4
85) Switzerland20.4
87) Yugoslavia10.2
91) Other Asian10.2
93) United States (North America)153.1
94) Other South American51.0
98) Don't know/Refused24150.4
Missing2142 
TOTAL478100.0
48) In which state or country were you living when you were 16 years old? (RES16)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL261228.08716
49) How long have you lived in the area where you live now? (RESLENGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL261920.09815
50) What was the last grade you completed in school? (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
0) 20.1
1) 20.1
2) 10.0
3) 20.1
4) 30.1
5) 10.0
6) 100.4
7) 110.4
8) 291.1
9) 451.7
10) 843.2
11) 803.1
12) 91835.1
13) 1525.8
14) 31812.2
15) 1054.0
16) 48018.3
17) 793.0
18) 1766.7
19) 441.7
20) 522.0
21) 80.3
22) 80.3
23) 20.1
24) 20.1
25) 10.0
26) 10.0
Missing4 
TOTAL2616100.0
51) Last week were you [WORKING, GOING TO SCHOOL, ETC.]? (WORK)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time177467.7
2) Working part time2569.8
3) Going to school913.5
4) Keeping house33112.6
5) Retired552.1
6) Unemployed451.7
7) Employed, but not working (on vacation, ill, on strike)271.0
8) Disabled331.3
9) Don't know/Refused70.3
Missing1 
TOTAL2619100.0
52) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE WORKING FULL OR PART TIME, RETIRED, OR UNEMPLOYED: What kind of work do you or did you normally do? (OCCUP)
TOTAL%
1) Professional, technical55825.6
2) Managers and administrators, sales workers51023.4
3) Clerical and kindred workers31614.5
4) Craftsmen and kindred workers27512.6
5) Operatives, except transport904.1
6) Transport equipment operatives, laborers22010.1
7) Service (waiters, policemen, security guards, etc.)1416.5
8) Government/military301.4
10) Housewife/husband70.3
11) Student30.1
88) Other10.0
98) Don't know/Refused271.2
Missing442 
TOTAL2178100.0
53) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED OR WIDOWED: What kind of work does/did your husband/wife do? (SOCCUP)
TOTAL%
1) Professional, technical40521.9
2) Managers and administrators, sales workers37520.3
3) Clerical and kindred workers1679.0
4) Craftsmen and kindred workers23012.5
5) Operatives, except transport532.9
6) Transport equipment operatives, laborers19310.5
7) Service (waiters, policemen, security guards, etc.)1015.5
8) Government/military221.2
9) Unemployed150.8
10) Housewife/husband1789.6
11) Student181.0
12) Retired492.7
13) Disabled110.6
88) Other10.1
98) Don't know/Refused281.5
Missing774 
TOTAL1846100.0
54) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White224386.0
2) Black1997.6
3) Hispanic582.2
4) American Indian311.2
8) Other622.4
9) Don't know/Refused150.6
Missing12 
TOTAL2608100.0
55) Now a few questions of a more personal, religious sort -- About how often do you pray? (PRAY)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a day43116.7
2) Daily107041.4
3) Several times a week29111.3
4) About once a week2369.1
5) Less than once a week29111.3
6) Never26610.3
Missing35 
TOTAL2585100.0
56) Now a few questions of a more personal, religious sort -- Within the last year, have you, yourself, read any part of the Bible at home? (READBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes162262.0
2) No99338.0
Missing5 
TOTAL2615100.0
57) Now a few questions of a more personal, religious sort -- At your meals at home, does anyone say grace or give thanks to God aloud? (GRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always or usually101038.6
2) Yes, sometimes or on special occasions62724.0
3) No98037.4
Missing3 
TOTAL2617100.0
58) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO STATED CHRISTIAN IN RELIG: Now a few questions of a more personal, religious sort -- Would you say that you have been "born again" or have had a "born again" experience, that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (BRNAGAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96543.1
2) No127656.9
Missing379 
TOTAL2241100.0
59) Now I'd like to ask you to think about people you feel really close to, people you could confide in. -- Think about relatives outside your immediate family, people like cousins, in-laws, and so forth: Are you very close to many of them, to a few of them, or hardly any of them? (CLRELATV)
TOTAL%
1) Not applicable/Don't speak to relatives110.4
2) Many106140.6
3) A few93135.6
4) Hardly any52520.1
5) None/Can't confide in any relatives883.4
Missing4 
TOTAL2616100.0
60) Now I'd like to ask you to think about people you feel really close to, people you could confide in. -- How about people who live in your neighborhood? Are you close to many of them, a few of them, or hardly any of them? (CLNGHBOR)
TOTAL%
1) Not applicable80.3
2) Many48218.4
3) A few112643.0
4) Hardly any85232.6
5) None1485.7
Missing4 
TOTAL2616100.0
61) Now I'd like to ask you to think about people you feel really close to, people you could confide in. -- What about people you grew up with and went to school with? Do you still feel close to many of them, to a few of them, or to hardly any of them? (CLSCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Not applicable80.3
2) Many42616.3
3) A few106340.6
4) Hardly any89234.0
5) None2318.8
TOTAL2620100.0
62) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WORK OUTSIDE THE HOME: Now I'd like to ask you to think about people you feel really close to, people you could confide in. -- How about people you work with? Do you feel very close to many, a few, or hardly any of them? (CLWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Not applicable, I work alone914.2
2) Many88740.6
3) A few87340.0
4) Hardly any26412.1
5) None, no one at work to confide in703.2
Missing435 
TOTAL2185100.0
63) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH/SYNAGOGUE: Now I'd like to ask you to think about people you feel really close to, people you could confide in. -- How about the people you know at your church/synagogue? How many of them do you feel very close to: many, a few, or hardly any? (CLCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) Not applicable421.9
2) Many67430.9
3) A few86839.8
4) Hardly any45020.6
5) None1486.8
Missing438 
TOTAL2182100.0
64) Outside your church, are you active in any clubs or organizations? (VOLORGS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93635.8
2) No168264.2
Missing2 
TOTAL2618100.0
65) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE ACTIVE IN ANY CLUBS OR ORGANIZATIONS: Could you tell me which ones? -- First mentioned (VOLORG1)
TOTAL%
1) Alumni/educational club151.7
2) Civic organization (i.e. Boy Scouts)12013.4
3) Ethnic organization (miscellaneous)30.3
4) Fraternal organization (Kiwanis, Moose, Civitans, Masons)586.5
5) Hobby club (birdwatchers, computer, garden, motorcycle, gun)15217.0
6) Medical group (AA; cancer, Downs' syndrome support group)364.0
7) Political group (political parties, issue groups such as Greenpeace, pro-life, conservation and other special interest)323.6
8) PTA, school committees748.3
10) Sports/health club (golf, softball, etc.)12013.4
11) Veterans' organization (VFW, Disabled American Vets, American Legion)252.8
12) Work/trade organization14716.5
13) Charitable organizations (hospitals, volunteer, Cancer Society, Goodwill, etc.)647.2
20) Latino Women's Organizations10.1
21) NAACP40.4
24) British club10.1
26) Japan Society10.1
27) Asian Business League10.1
29) Philippine-American Org.10.1
32) Scottish Country Dancing10.1
33) Sons of Italy10.1
88) Other212.4
99) Don't know151.7
Missing1727 
TOTAL893100.0
66) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE ACTIVE IN ANY CLUBS OR ORGANIZATIONS: Could you tell me which ones? -- Second mentioned (VOLORG2)
TOTAL%
1) Alumni/educational club143.5
2) Civic organization (i.e. Boy Scouts)5313.1
4) Fraternal organization (Kiwanis, Moose, Civitans, Masons)204.9
5) Hobby club (birdwatchers, computer, garden, motorcycle, gun)6516.0
6) Medical group (AA; cancer, Downs' syndrome support group)215.2
7) Political group (political parties, issue groups such as Greenpeace, pro-life, conservation and other special interest)153.7
8) PTA, school committees235.7
10) Sports/health club (golf, softball, etc.)5313.1
11) Veterans' organization (VFW, Disabled American Vets, American Legion)153.7
12) Work/trade organization8019.8
13) Charitable organizations (hospitals, volunteer, Cancer Society, Goodwill, etc.)245.9
21) NAACP20.5
22) American Conference of Irish Students10.2
23) Scottish Rites10.2
25) Irish club10.2
28) Asian-American Manufacturing Organization10.2
30) Philippine Employee Org.10.2
34) Union of Poles10.2
88) Other143.5
Missing2215 
TOTAL405100.0
67) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE ACTIVE IN ANY CLUBS OR ORGANIZATIONS: Could you tell me which ones? -- Third mentioned (VOLORG3)
TOTAL%
1) Alumni/educational club42.7
2) Civic organization (i.e. Boy Scouts)2013.6
4) Fraternal organization (Kiwanis, Moose, Civitans, Masons)53.4
5) Hobby club (birdwatchers, computer, garden, motorcycle, gun)2114.3
6) Medical group (AA; cancer, Downs' syndrome support group)53.4
7) Political group (political parties, issue groups such as Greenpeace, pro-life, conservation and other special interest)1711.6
8) PTA, school committees96.1
10) Sports/health club (golf, softball, etc.)117.5
11) Veterans' organization (VFW, Disabled American Vets, American Legion)32.0
12) Work/trade organization3221.8
13) Charitable organizations (hospitals, volunteer, Cancer Society, Goodwill, etc.)74.8
21) NAACP32.0
23) Scottish Rites10.7
31) CYM-CD (Catholic Youth organization)10.7
88) Other53.4
99) Don't know32.0
Missing2473 
TOTAL147100.0
68) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE ACTIVE IN MORE THAN 3 CLUBS OR ORGANIZATIONS: If more than three mentioned, record total number of mentions, including those listed in VOLORG1, VOLORG2, AND VOLORG3. -- Total number (NUMVORG)
TOTAL%
1) 89.6
2) 1113.3
3) 33.6
4) 2732.5
5) 1821.7
6) 910.8
7) 22.4
9) 22.4
10) 11.2
11) 11.2
22) 11.2
Missing2537 
TOTAL83100.0
69) Now think of all your really close friends, relatives, co-workers, friends from school and church, and so forth. -- How many of them know each other? (FRNDNET)
TOTAL%
1) Nearly all46718.0
2) Most85933.1
3) Only a few117745.4
4) None893.4
Missing28 
TOTAL2592100.0
70) Now think of all your really close friends, relatives, co-workers, friends from school and church, and so forth. -- How many of them live right in your local area? (NGHBNET)
TOTAL%
1) Nearly all47918.3
2) Most75729.0
3) Only a few117144.8
4) None2077.9
Missing6 
TOTAL2614100.0
71) Now think of all your really close friends, relatives, co-workers, friends from school and church, and so forth. -- How many of them are from the same national or ethnic background as you? (ETHNCNET)
TOTAL%
1) Nearly all65626.3
2) Most84934.1
3) Only a few84633.9
4) None1425.7
Missing127 
TOTAL2493100.0
72) Now think of all your really close friends, relatives, co-workers, friends from school and church, and so forth. -- How many of them attend a church or synagogue on a regular basis? (FRATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Nearly all34614.9
2) Most84136.3
3) Only a few98542.5
4) None1436.2
Missing305 
TOTAL2315100.0
73) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ATTEND CHURCH/SYNAGOGUE: Now think of all your really close friends, relatives, co-workers, friends from school and church, and so forth. -- How many of them attend your church/synagogue on a regular basis? (CHRCHNET)
TOTAL%
1) Nearly all894.3
2) Most26913.1
3) Only a few118257.4
4) None51825.2
Missing562 
TOTAL2058100.0
74) Some people we talk with in your area think of themselves as (if North Carolina: Southerners; California: Westerners; Ohio: Midwesterners; Massachusetts: New Englanders) others don't. How about you? Would you say that you're a (Southerner; Westerner; Midwesterner; New Englander) or not? (REGIONID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes171266.1
2) No87933.9
Missing29 
TOTAL2591100.0
75) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO SAY THEY ARE A (SOUTHERNER; WESTERNER; MIDWESTERNER; NEW ENGLANDER) -- Would you say you feel pretty close to (Southerners; Westerners; Midwesterners; New Englanders) in general, or that you don't feel much closer to them than to other people? (CLREGION)
TOTAL%
1) Feel closer79847.2
2) Do not feel closer88052.1
3) Closer to others120.7
Missing930 
TOTAL1690100.0
76) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- Most churches and synagogues today have lost the real spiritual part of religion. (CHSPIRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree141158.4
2) Disagree100541.6
Missing204 
TOTAL2416100.0
77) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- Most religious congregations are warm and accepting toward outsiders. (CHOPEN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree171970.9
2) Disagree70429.1
Missing197 
TOTAL2423100.0
78) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- The rules about morality preached by churches and synagogues today are just too restrictive. (CHMORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree76531.7
2) Disagree165068.3
Missing205 
TOTAL2415100.0
79) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs, independent of any church or synagogue. (RELINDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Agree193476.6
2) Disagree59223.4
Missing94 
TOTAL2526100.0
80) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- Science and religion will always be in conflict. (SCIREL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree156762.3
2) Disagree94837.7
Missing105 
TOTAL2515100.0
81) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- The bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word. (BIBLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree110243.5
2) Disagree143056.5
Missing88 
TOTAL2532100.0
82) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- A good Christian or Jew should follow his or her conscience, even if it means going against what organized religion teaches. (CONSCIEN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree200081.0
2) Disagree46819.0
Missing152 
TOTAL2468100.0
83) Here are some more questions about religion. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- Being a church member is an important way to become established in a community. (BELONGCH)
TOTAL%
1) Agree163964.0
2) Disagree92136.0
Missing60 
TOTAL2560100.0
84) Here are a few questions about politics. -- Would you describe your overall political views as (IDEOLOGY)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely liberal632.6
2) Liberal53522.0
3) Moderate104242.8
4) Conservative71729.4
5) Extremely conservative803.3
Missing183 
TOTAL2437100.0
85) Here are a few questions about politics. -- In the last election, which presidential candidate did you vote for, or didn't you vote? (PRESVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) George Bush, the Republican94943.9
2) Michael Dukakis, the Democrat77936.0
3) Someone else432.0
4) Did not vote39118.1
Missing458 
TOTAL2162100.0
86) Here are a few questions about politics. -- Do you think labor unions in this country have too much power or too little power? (UNIONS)
TOTAL%
1) Too much140060.5
2) Too little59225.6
3) About right32113.9
Missing307 
TOTAL2313100.0
87) Here are a few questions about politics. -- Should the federal government spend more money on welfare, or should it spend less? (FEDGOV)
TOTAL%
1) More79532.7
2) Less129853.3
3) Same34014.0
Missing187 
TOTAL2433100.0
88) Here are a few questions about politics. -- Should the federal government spend more on defense, or should it spend less? (DEFENSE)
TOTAL%
1) More63225.2
2) Less143056.9
3) Same44917.9
Missing109 
TOTAL2511100.0
89) Here are a few questions about politics. -- Should the federal government spend more or less on protecting the environment? (ENVIRON)
TOTAL%
1) More233690.7
2) Less1164.5
3) Same1234.8
Missing45 
TOTAL2575100.0
90) Here are some more questions about religion. -- Do you believe in eternal life? (ETERLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes209884.1
2) No39615.9
Missing126 
TOTAL2494100.0
91) Here are some more questions about religion. -- Do you believe in reincarnation that is, we've had previous lives? (REINCARN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62825.5
2) No183674.5
Missing156 
TOTAL2464100.0
92) Here are some more questions about religion. -- Do you believe in the Devil that is, Satan? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes167665.3
2) No89034.7
Missing54 
TOTAL2566100.0
93) Here are some more questions about religion. -- Do you believe in astrology that is, that the stars affect our destiny? (ASTROLOG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62024.4
2) No192375.6
Missing77 
TOTAL2543100.0
94) Here are some more questions about religion. -- Do you believe in ghosts? (GHOSTS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69027.0
2) No186373.0
Missing67 
TOTAL2553100.0
95) Do you practice any meditation techniques, like those taught by Transcendental Meditation, Zen, the Divine Light Mission, or others? (MEDITATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33712.9
2) No227787.1
Missing6 
TOTAL2614100.0
96) Do most members of your family, or the people you live with, share your views about religion? (SHRELFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes192875.9
2) No54221.3
3) Not applicable -- live alone702.8
Missing80 
TOTAL2540100.0
97) How about the people you are with every day, that is, people outside your family: Do most of them share your views about religion? (SHRELOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes122156.7
2) No93443.3
Missing465 
TOTAL2155100.0
98) How important would you say religion generally is in your own life? (RELIMPRT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important133351.1
2) Fairly important82531.6
3) Not very important45117.3
Missing11 
TOTAL2609100.0
99) We are interested in how people think about churches. -- Do you think of church/synagogue more as a place to worship in community with friends, or do you think of it more as a place to be alone with God? (CHCOMMUN)
TOTAL%
1) Place to worship with friends107141.1
2) Place to be alone with God100138.4
3) Both equally, each at different times, etc.42016.1
4) Not applicable, can't say1164.4
Missing12 
TOTAL2608100.0
100) Do you see church as something passed on from generation to generation, or as something that needs to be freely chosen by each person? (CHINHERT)
TOTAL%
1) Something passed on59822.9
2) Freely chosen169164.8
3) Combination, etc.30111.5
4) Not applicable, can't say210.8
Missing9 
TOTAL2611100.0
101) When you think of church, do you think of something that's always changing, or as something that changes very little? (CHCHANGE)
TOTAL%
1) Always changing72927.9
2) Changes very little173566.5
3) Combination, etc.963.7
4) Not applicable, can't say491.9
Missing11 
TOTAL2609100.0
102) Do you believe a person can be a good Christian or Jew if he or she doesn't attend church or synagogue? (CHESSENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes226987.6
2) No32112.4
Missing30 
TOTAL2590100.0
103) Can someone be a good Christian or Jew if he or she has doubts whether God exists? (DOUBT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes108743.2
2) No143156.8
Missing102 
TOTAL2518100.0
104) Do you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- Commitment to a meaningful career is one of the most important things in life. (CAREER)
TOTAL%
1) Agree123347.6
2) Disagree135952.4
Missing28 
TOTAL2592100.0
105) Do you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- People who question the old and accepted ways of doing things usually just end up causing trouble. (TRADIT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree53621.1
2) Disagree200078.9
Missing84 
TOTAL2536100.0
106) Do you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- People have God within them, so churches aren't really necessary. (GDWITHIN)
TOTAL%
1) Agree72128.5
2) Disagree180671.5
Missing93 
TOTAL2527100.0
107) Do you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- Relationships with family and friends are more important than what one does in one's work. (WORK2ND)
TOTAL%
1) Agree214885.0
2) Disagree37815.0
Missing94 
TOTAL2526100.0
108) Do you agree or disagree with the following statements. If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree with -- A married woman who doesn't want any more children should be able to obtain a legal abortion. (ABORT)
TOTAL%
1) Agree122750.1
2) Disagree122249.9
Missing171 
TOTAL2449100.0
109) Do you believe that sexual relations before marriage are always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (PMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always85433.6
2) Usually32812.9
3) Only sometimes102740.5
4) Never wrong32913.0
Missing82 
TOTAL2538100.0
110) How about homosexual relations? Are they always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (HOMOSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always161565.9
2) Usually1666.8
3) Only sometimes45018.4
4) Never wrong2209.0
Missing169 
TOTAL2451100.0
111) How about the death penalty? Is it always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (DEATHPEN)
TOTAL%
1) Always49419.8
2) Usually25410.2
3) Only sometimes134253.8
4) Never wrong40616.3
Missing124 
TOTAL2496100.0
112) How about cheating on your taxes? Is it always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (CHEATTAX)
TOTAL%
1) Always181370.2
2) Usually27210.5
3) Only sometimes42416.4
4) Never wrong742.9
Missing37 
TOTAL2583100.0
113) How about abortion? Is it always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Always75229.9
2) Usually40916.2
3) Only sometimes116946.4
4) Never wrong1887.5
Missing102 
TOTAL2518100.0
114) How about overthrowing the government? Is it always morally wrong, usually morally wrong, or only sometimes morally wrong? (INSURECT)
TOTAL%
1) Always128751.8
2) Usually40616.3
3) Only sometimes72329.1
4) Never wrong682.7
Missing136 
TOTAL2484100.0
115) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of these statements: If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree? -- Some equality in marriage is a good thing, but, by and large, the husband ought to have the main say-so in family matters. (MAREQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree74328.7
2) Disagree184871.3
Missing29 
TOTAL2591100.0
116) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of these statements: If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree? -- Despite all the newspaper and TV coverage, national and international happenings rarely seem as interesting as things that happen in your own community. (LOCNEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree94836.9
2) Disagree162363.1
Missing49 
TOTAL2571100.0
117) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of these statements: If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree? -- I have greater respect for people who are well-established in their hometowns than for people who are widely known, but who have no local roots. (LOCROOTS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree102843.2
2) Disagree135156.8
Missing241 
TOTAL2379100.0
118) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of these statements: If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree? -- Having a job outside the home is good for a married woman because it gives her more of a chance to develop as a person. (WOMENJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Agree210183.7
2) Disagree40916.3
Missing110 
TOTAL2510100.0
119) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of these statements: If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree? -- People owe it to themselves to be the best they can in their job or career, even if it means they have less time for other people. (CAREER2)
TOTAL%
1) Agree86134.1
2) Disagree166365.9
Missing96 
TOTAL2524100.0
120) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with each of these statements: If unsure, all things considered, do you tend to agree or disagree? -- I support the ordination of women; that is, I think women should be allowed to be ministers. (WOMENORD)
TOTAL%
1) Agree206880.9
2) Disagree48719.1
Missing65 
TOTAL2555100.0
121) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WANT TO REMAIN WITHIN THE SAME STATE: If you could live anywhere you wanted, where would you live? (LIVEUS)
TOTAL%
1) Same community127079.3
2) Same state, different community33220.7
Missing1018 
TOTAL1602100.0
122) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO WOULD RATHER LIVE IN A DIFFERENT STATE OR COUNTRY: If you could live anywhere you wanted, where would you live? (LIVEFOR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL90636.66931
123) Last three digits of county code (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL260068.57363
124) We may want to follow up these questions sometime in the future. If we do, may we contact you again? (FOLLOWUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes208091.7
2) No1898.3
Missing351 
TOTAL2269100.0
125) I-STATE: State (for use with on-line analysis) (I-STATE)
TOTAL%
1) North Carolina64924.8
2) California65525.0
3) Ohio66125.2
4) Massachusetts65525.0
TOTAL2620100.0
126) I-SEX: Gender (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male112643.0
2) Female149257.0
Missing2 
TOTAL2618100.0
127) I-AGE: Age (recoded from YBIRTH for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) <4056421.6
1) 40-4968026.0
2) 50-5997637.4
3) 60 & over39315.0
Missing7 
TOTAL2613100.0
128) I-RELIGION: I'd like to ask you a few questions about religion. What is your religious preference now? -- If more than one, which religion do you identify with most? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
0) Protestant145455.6
1) Catholic70226.8
2) Jewish501.9
3) Other41015.7
Missing4 
TOTAL2616100.0
129) I-MARITAL: Are you currently [MARRIED, WIDOWED, DIVORCED, SEPARATED, NEVER MARRIED]? (for use with on-line analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married173866.4
2) Widowed702.7
3) Divorced32512.4
4) Separated672.6
5) Never married41715.9
Missing3 
TOTAL2617100.0
130) I-RACE: What race do you consider yourself? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
0) White224386.5
1) Black1997.7
2) Hispanic582.2
3) Am.Indian311.2
4) Other622.4
Missing27 
TOTAL2593100.0
131) I-IDEOLOGY: Here are a few questions about politics. -- Would you describe your overall political views as (for use with on-line analysis) (I-IDEOLOGY)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely liberal632.6
2) Liberal53522.0
3) Moderate104242.8
4) Conservative71729.4
5) Extremely conservative803.3
Missing183 
TOTAL2437100.0