Presbyterian Panel Survey, February 2000 --Gambling and the Christian Faith, Member

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Case Identification Number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL69240608.436351
2) In general, what is your opinion of legal gambling or betting? (GENOPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approving284.1
2) Mildly approving629.2
3) Mixed feelings - both approving and disapproving23334.4
4) Mildly disapproving11917.6
5) Strongly disapproving20129.7
6) Uncertain345.0
Missing15 
TOTAL677100.0
3) Briefly explain your response in GENOPIN by listing in this space one or two important reasons why you hold this opinion. - First response (GENREAS1)
TOTAL%
10) Pro: an individual's choice/right/freedom315.9
11) Pro: fun/entertainment/I like it6812.9
12) Pro: harmless/not immoral71.3
13) Pro: morally all right40.8
14) Pro: people will gamble anyway132.5
15) Pro: easier to control if legal/it's legal40.8
16) Pro: bad only if done in excess142.7
17) Pro: source of state revenues428.0
18) Pro: creates jobs/benefits economy61.1
19) Pro: benefits Native Americans91.7
20) Pro: way to make money20.4
30) Pro: other reasons in favor of gambling163.0
50) Con: morally wrong/I don't like it163.0
51) Con: ruins lives/people go into debt122.3
52) Con: causes problems for families specifically315.9
53) Con: causes problems for the poor or less affluent478.9
54) Con: addictive7313.9
55) Con: gives people false hope/promotes greed152.8
56) Con: some profit at others' expense30.6
57) Con: in excess can cause problems40.8
58) Con: revenue benefits overrated/governments misuse revenues50.9
59) Con: undermines work ethic50.9
60) Con: wasteful of time and money101.9
61) Con: religious reasons/bad stewardship/Bible opposes it315.9
62) Con: degrades morality of society/brings undesirable element to community61.1
70) Con: other reasons why gambling not acceptable285.3
80) Oth: reasons not classifiable as for or against132.5
99) Oth: response not applicable122.3
Missing165 
TOTAL527100.0
4) Briefly explain your response in GENOPIN by listing in this space one or two important reasons why you hold this opinion. - Second response (GENREAS2)
TOTAL%
10) Pro: an individual's choice/right/freedom41.4
11) Pro: fun/entertainment/I like it134.5
12) Pro: harmless/not immoral10.3
14) Pro: people will gamble anyway10.3
15) Pro: easier to control if legal/it's legal20.7
16) Pro: bad only if done in excess51.7
17) Pro: source of state revenues165.6
18) Pro: creates jobs/benefits economy10.3
19) Pro: benefits Native Americans10.3
20) Pro: way to make money10.3
30) Pro: other reasons in favor of gambling10.3
50) Con: morally wrong/I don't like it41.4
51) Con: ruins lives/people go into debt144.9
52) Con: causes problems for families specifically3211.2
53) Con: causes problems for the poor or less affluent175.9
54) Con: addictive8630.1
55) Con: gives people false hope/promotes greed186.3
56) Con: some profit at others' expense10.3
57) Con: in excess can cause problems62.1
58) Con: revenue benefits overrated/governments misuse revenues51.7
59) Con: undermines work ethic41.4
60) Con: wasteful of time and money93.1
61) Con: religious reasons/bad stewardship/Bible opposes it62.1
62) Con: degrades morality of society/brings undesirable element to community72.4
63) Con: gives state approval or sanction to problems20.7
70) Con: other reasons why gambling not acceptable2910.1
Missing406 
TOTAL286100.0
5) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Casinos/riverboat gambling (LG_BOAT)
TOTAL%
0) Checked38557.2
1) Not checked28842.8
Missing19 
TOTAL673100.0
6) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - State-sponsored lottery (e.g., lotto, jackpot, keno, powerball) (LG_LOTTO)
TOTAL%
0) Checked15122.1
1) Not checked53377.9
Missing8 
TOTAL684100.0
7) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Scratch-off tickets (LG_SCRAT)
TOTAL%
0) Checked20229.5
1) Not checked48270.5
Missing8 
TOTAL684100.0
8) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Bingo parlors (LG_BINGO)
TOTAL%
0) Checked27941.2
1) Not checked39958.8
Missing14 
TOTAL678100.0
9) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Horse racing (LG_HORSE)
TOTAL%
0) Checked27039.6
1) Not checked41160.4
Missing11 
TOTAL681100.0
10) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Dog racing (LG_DOG)
TOTAL%
0) Checked50375.1
1) Not checked16724.9
Missing22 
TOTAL670100.0
11) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Off-track betting sites (LG_OFTRK)
TOTAL%
0) Checked48672.3
1) Not checked18627.7
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
12) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Jai alai (LG_JALAI)
TOTAL%
0) Checked64196.2
1) Not checked253.8
Missing26 
TOTAL666100.0
13) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Video poker (LG_VDPOK)
TOTAL%
0) Checked53479.7
1) Not checked13620.3
Missing22 
TOTAL670100.0
14) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Betting on professional sports like basketball, football, baseball, or boxing (LG_SPORT)
TOTAL%
0) Checked58888.4
1) Not checked7711.6
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
15) Some states legalize betting, lotteries, and other games of chance so that the state can raise revenues. What forms of legal gambling, if any, are available in the state where you live? (Check all that apply) - Other (LG_OTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Checked63695.8
1) Not checked284.2
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
16) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Bingo for cash prizes (RV_BINGO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve304.6
2) Approve25639.6
3) Disapprove16525.5
4) Strongly disapprove11417.6
5) Uncertain8112.5
Missing46 
TOTAL646100.0
17) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Casino/riverboat gambling (RV_BOAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve223.4
2) Approve14622.4
3) Disapprove21432.8
4) Strongly disapprove19830.3
5) Uncertain7311.2
Missing39 
TOTAL653100.0
18) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of each of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Lotteries for cash prizes (RV_LOTTO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve294.4
2) Approve28342.6
3) Disapprove15823.8
4) Strongly disapprove13119.7
5) Uncertain649.6
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
19) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of each of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Scratch-off tickets for cash prizes (RV_TICK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve284.3
2) Approve25839.5
3) Disapprove17026.0
4) Strongly disapprove13620.8
5) Uncertain619.3
Missing39 
TOTAL653100.0
20) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on horse races at the track(s) where the races are run (RV_HRSON)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve253.8
2) Approve21432.7
3) Disapprove18728.5
4) Strongly disapprove15724.0
5) Uncertain7211.0
Missing37 
TOTAL655100.0
21) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Off-track betting on horse races (RV_HRSOF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve142.2
2) Approve8012.4
3) Disapprove26641.4
4) Strongly disapprove21032.7
5) Uncertain7311.4
Missing49 
TOTAL643100.0
22) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on professional sports, such as baseball, basketball, or football (RV_SPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve142.1
2) Approve6910.6
3) Disapprove26740.8
4) Strongly disapprove23435.8
5) Uncertain7010.7
Missing38 
TOTAL654100.0
23) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Video poker machines at stores, bars, restaurants, or other local establishments (RV_VDPOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve101.5
2) Approve7110.9
3) Disapprove26540.5
4) Strongly disapprove24737.8
5) Uncertain619.3
Missing38 
TOTAL654100.0
24) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on dog races (RV_DOG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve152.3
2) Approve10816.6
3) Disapprove23736.3
4) Strongly disapprove21933.6
5) Uncertain7311.2
Missing40 
TOTAL652100.0
25) Please indicate whether you approve or disapprove of the following type of betting as a way to help state governments raise revenue. - Betting on jai alai (RV_JALAI)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve101.6
2) Approve6410.1
3) Disapprove22135.0
4) Strongly disapprove18329.0
5) Uncertain15324.2
Missing61 
TOTAL631100.0
26) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Legalized gambling provides necessary revenue to states to fund government programs and keep taxes under control. (TAX_CTRL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree284.3
2) Agree18628.6
3) Disagree20331.2
4) Strongly disagree13620.9
5) Uncertain9815.1
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
27) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - States that prohibit gambling are making a mistake by losing gambling revenue to neighboring states. (LOS_GMBL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree253.9
2) Agree13320.5
3) Disagree26340.5
4) Strongly disagree14622.5
5) Uncertain8212.6
Missing43 
TOTAL649100.0
28) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Gambling can be a form of entertainment that, if done in moderation, is no better or no worse than other activities, like attending sports events or movies. (LIK_SPRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree527.9
2) Agree30746.8
3) Disagree15123.0
4) Strongly disagree10516.0
5) Uncertain416.3
Missing36 
TOTAL656100.0
29) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - By legalizing gambling, the states limit the involvement of organized crime in the gambling industry. (LMT_CRIM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree274.1
2) Agree14422.1
3) Disagree19830.4
4) Strongly disagree13220.3
5) Uncertain15023.0
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
30) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Keeping gambling legal is necessary to preserve American freedom, regardless of the problems that it may cause. (PRS_FREE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree182.8
2) Agree7611.7
3) Disagree27241.8
4) Strongly disagree18528.5
5) Uncertain9915.2
Missing42 
TOTAL650100.0
31) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Gambling is a legitimate and appropriate means for government to use to solve budget needs and other problems of economic development. (ECON_DEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree192.9
2) Agree10716.3
3) Disagree25138.3
4) Strongly disagree18628.4
5) Uncertain9314.2
Missing36 
TOTAL656100.0
32) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - Gambling is a legitimate and appropriate means for government to use only if the funds are used for worthy causes such as education and scholarships. (ED_SCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree284.3
2) Agree17727.2
3) Disagree23836.6
4) Strongly disagree14021.5
5) Uncertain6810.4
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
33) Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement with the following statement concerning gambling. - The growing availability of lotteries, casino gambling, and other forms of legalized gambling is a good thing for the United States. (GRO_GOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree142.1
2) Agree406.1
3) Disagree25939.7
4) Strongly disagree21532.9
5) Uncertain12519.1
Missing39 
TOTAL653100.0
34) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - All gambling is immoral. (ALL_IMRL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7311.2
2) Agree15623.9
3) Disagree26740.9
4) Strongly disagree6510.0
5) Uncertain9214.1
Missing39 
TOTAL653100.0
35) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling does serious harm to people's respect for the value of hard work. (VALU_WRK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7511.5
2) Agree21532.9
3) Disagree24737.8
4) Strongly disagree426.4
5) Uncertain7511.5
Missing38 
TOTAL654100.0
36) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The legal gambling industry is creating serious corruption in government. (CORR_GVT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6710.4
2) Agree13521.0
3) Disagree19530.3
4) Strongly disagree396.1
5) Uncertain20732.2
Missing49 
TOTAL643100.0
37) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The legal gambling industry is mostly based on taking advantage of poor people. (ADV_POOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree649.8
2) Agree20030.7
3) Disagree23536.1
4) Strongly disagree477.2
5) Uncertain10516.1
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
38) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling is creating a compulsive gambling problem in this country. (CMPLS_PR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9114.1
2) Agree26441.0
3) Disagree12819.9
4) Strongly disagree274.2
5) Uncertain13420.8
Missing48 
TOTAL644100.0
39) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling undermines the principles of responsible Christian stewardship. (CHR_STEW)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10215.7
2) Agree22234.2
3) Disagree18027.7
4) Strongly disagree396.0
5) Uncertain10616.3
Missing43 
TOTAL649100.0
40) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling often results in increases in crime. (MOR_CRIM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree8413.0
2) Agree23536.4
3) Disagree12419.2
4) Strongly disagree233.6
5) Uncertain17927.8
Missing47 
TOTAL645100.0
41) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The spirit of legalized gambling is in direct opposition to the Spirit of Jesus Christ. (OPP_SPIR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11317.5
2) Agree22234.3
3) Disagree12319.0
4) Strongly disagree355.4
5) Uncertain15423.8
Missing45 
TOTAL647100.0
42) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Government-run lotteries mislead people to believe that they can get something for nothing. (SOM_NOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12619.3
2) Agree28643.9
3) Disagree17526.8
4) Strongly disagree264.0
5) Uncertain396.0
Missing40 
TOTAL652100.0
43) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - It should be illegal for churches and other religious groups to raise money through raffles, bingo, or other games of chance. (REL_GAMB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree7411.3
2) Agree16625.4
3) Disagree26340.2
4) Strongly disagree619.3
5) Uncertain9013.8
Missing38 
TOTAL654100.0
44) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Legalized gambling is a "voluntary tax on poor people." (TAX_POOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree609.3
2) Agree16625.6
3) Disagree24638.0
4) Strongly disagree528.0
5) Uncertain12419.1
Missing44 
TOTAL648100.0
45) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - The legal gambling industry is corrupt. (GMB_CRPT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree649.9
2) Agree16325.2
3) Disagree15223.5
4) Strongly disagree253.9
5) Uncertain24437.7
Missing44 
TOTAL648100.0
46) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - Much of the legal gambling industry has ties to organized crime. (TIE_CRIM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree619.5
2) Agree16125.1
3) Disagree10616.5
4) Strongly disagree233.6
5) Uncertain29145.3
Missing50 
TOTAL642100.0
47) Please indicate whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree, or are uncertain with the following statement. - States that permit legalized gambling should donate a significant share of their gambling revenues to help people who are compulsive gamblers. (HLP_GAMB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10716.6
2) Agree26440.9
3) Disagree12519.3
4) Strongly disagree487.4
5) Uncertain10215.8
Missing46 
TOTAL646100.0
48) When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts - the local economy? (HH_ECON)
TOTAL%
1) Helps a lot9013.8
2) Helps a little25238.5
3) Hurts a little7010.7
4) Hurts a lot11717.9
5) Uncertain12519.1
Missing38 
TOTAL654100.0
49) When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts - everyday family and community life? (HH_FAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) Helps a lot40.6
2) Helps a little396.0
3) Hurts a little21633.1
4) Hurts a lot24637.7
5) Uncertain14722.5
Missing40 
TOTAL652100.0
50) When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts - the moral climate of the community? (HH_MORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Helps a lot20.3
2) Helps a little182.8
3) Hurts a little19930.6
4) Hurts a lot28143.2
5) Uncertain15123.2
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
51) Some people believe that legalized gambling is mostly a good thing for society, others think it is mostly a bad thing, still others think it has an equal combination of good and bad effects on society. What would you say is the overall effect of legalizing gambling on society? (Check only one) (OVER_EFF)
TOTAL%
1) Very good20.3
2) Good192.9
3) About equally good and bad27241.1
4) Bad21732.8
5) Very bad9614.5
6) Don't know568.5
Missing30 
TOTAL662100.0
52) In recent years, many Native American tribes have opened casinos and other forms of legalized gambling on their tribal lands. Is there a casino on Native American lands in your state or vicinity? (YS_NAMER)
TOTAL%
1) No29746.9
2) Yes32851.8
3) Don't know81.3
Missing59 
TOTAL633100.0
53) [IF YES TO YS_NAMER] What would you say has been the overall effect of casinos and other legalized gambling on the Native American population in your state or area? (GD_NAMER)
TOTAL%
1) Very good349.5
2) Good5314.8
3) About equally good and bad6819.0
4) Bad236.4
5) Very Bad164.5
6) Don't know16445.8
Missing334 
TOTAL358100.0
54) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Church-sponsored bingo (YN_BINGO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked33649.3
1) Checked34550.7
Missing11 
TOTAL681100.0
55) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Participation in "office pools" with co-workers or friends (e.g., on sporting events such as the Super Bowl or the NCAA Basketball Tournament, or on other events, like a "baby pool" to guess the day a pregnant employee or friend will give birth) (YN_POOL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked33248.7
1) Checked35051.3
Missing10 
TOTAL682100.0
56) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Wagering a few dollars with a friend on the outcome of a golf match or other sporting event in which you are participating (YN_WAGER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked34150.1
1) Checked34049.9
Missing11 
TOTAL681100.0
57) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Making a "friendly wager" among family, friends, or co-workers on some future event (e.g., who will win a certain sporting event, who will win the next election) (YN_EVENT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked35852.6
1) Checked32347.4
Missing11 
TOTAL681100.0
58) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Investing in the stock market (YN_STOCK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51076.1
1) Checked16023.9
Missing22 
TOTAL670100.0
59) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Raffles for charity (YN_RAFFL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked46869.9
1) Checked20230.1
Missing22 
TOTAL670100.0
60) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Buying state-sponsored lottery tickets (YN_LOTTO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked16624.1
1) Checked52475.9
Missing2 
TOTAL690100.0
61) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Playing poker with friends for money (other than at a casino) (Y_POKER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked26939.1
1) Checked41960.9
Missing4 
TOTAL688100.0
62) For the following activity, indicate whether you think of it as "gambling." (Check the box for all that apply) - Games and events at church or school bazaars to raise money, such as a cakewalk (YN_CAKE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55983.8
1) Checked10816.2
Missing25 
TOTAL667100.0
63) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - bought a state lottery scratch-off ticket? (YN_TCKT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52078.0
1) Checked14722.0
Missing25 
TOTAL667100.0
64) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - bought a ticket for a state lottery number drawing? (YOULOTTO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked45768.1
1) Checked21431.9
Missing21 
TOTAL671100.0
65) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply.) - gambled at a casino? (YOUCSINO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55583.2
1) Checked11216.8
Missing25 
TOTAL667100.0
66) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - participated in an office pool on the Super Bowl, World Series, or other sporting event? (YOUPOOL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57886.4
1) Checked9113.6
Missing23 
TOTAL669100.0
67) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - bet on a professional sports event such as basketball, baseball, football, or boxing? (YOUSPORT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64096.4
1) Checked243.6
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
68) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - bought a raffle ticket? (YOURAFF)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked37254.9
1) Checked30545.1
Missing15 
TOTAL677100.0
69) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - participated in riverboat gambling? (YOUBOAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64396.7
1) Checked223.3
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
70) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - took a vacation to Las Vegas, Atlantic City, Biloxi, or some other U.S. location out of the country primarily to participate in legal gambling? (YOUVEGAS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63194.9
1) Checked345.1
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
71) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - took a vacation to the Bahamas, the Caribbean, or some other location out of the country primarily to participate in legal gambling? (YOUBAHAM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65698.6
1) Checked91.4
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
72) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - bet on a college sports event such as basketball or football? (YOUCOLLG)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64797.4
1) Checked172.6
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
73) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - bet on a horse race or a dog race? (YOUHORSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63795.9
1) Checked274.1
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
74) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - played bingo for money? (YOUBINGO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62594.0
1) Checked406.0
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
75) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - played video poker for money? (YOUVDPOK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62593.8
1) Checked416.2
Missing26 
TOTAL666100.0
76) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - gambled for money on the Internet? (YOUONLIN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65798.9
1) Checked71.1
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
77) Think back over the last 12 months. Have you on any occasion during that time...(Check the box for all that apply) - made a friendly wager with a friend, relative, or co-worker? (YOUWAGER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55583.0
1) Checked11417.0
Missing23 
TOTAL669100.0
78) Has gambling ever been a source of economic, marital, psychological, or other problems - within your family? (PRB_FAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes385.5
2) No64794.5
Missing7 
TOTAL685100.0
79) Has gambling ever been a source of economic, marital, psychological, or other problems - for anyone in your church (outside of your family)? (PRB_CHUR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7311.9
2) No41467.2
3) Don't know12920.9
Missing76 
TOTAL616100.0
80) Do you know anyone else (outside of your family and your church), such as a neighbor, co-worker, or friend, for whom gambling has been a source of problems? (PRB_OTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24135.9
2) No43164.1
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
81) Before this survey, were you aware that the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has repeatedly expressed opposition to all forms of gambling? (PRES_OPP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17725.8
2) No50874.2
Missing7 
TOTAL685100.0
82) Do you personally believe that it is appropriate or not appropriate for the General Assembly to take a stand on legalized gambling? (TAKESTND)
TOTAL%
1) Appropriate45967.2
2) Not appropriate9614.1
3) Uncertain12818.7
Missing9 
TOTAL683100.0
83) Are you familiar with these resources produced by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? - Gambling and Christian Faith, a booklet published in 1998 by the National Ministries Division and the Advisory Committee on Social Witness Policy (KNOWBKLT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have read some/all of it40.6
2) Yes, have seen a copy10.1
3) Yes, have heard of it but not seen a copy131.9
4) No, not familiar65997.3
Missing15 
TOTAL677100.0
84) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWBKLT] If you have read the Gambling and Christian Faith booklet, how helpful was it in understanding the General Assembly's opposition to gambling? (HELPBKLT)
TOTAL%
1) Very helpful350.0
2) Helpful116.7
3) A little helpful116.7
5) Not helpful at all116.7
Missing686 
TOTAL6100.0
85) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWBKLT] Did reading this booklet [1998 Gambling and Christian Faith booklet] change your opinions on gambling in any way? (CHNGBKLT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14.5
2) No2195.5
Missing670 
TOTAL22100.0
86) Are you familiar with these resources produced by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? - "Gambling and Christian Faith: A New Look at an Old Dilemma," the March/April 1999 issue of Church & Society magazine (KNOWMAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have read some/all of it30.5
3) Yes, have heard of it but not seen a copy50.8
4) No, not familiar64998.8
Missing35 
TOTAL657100.0
87) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWMAG] If you have read any part of this issue of Church & Society, how helpful was it in understanding contemporary gambling issues? (HELPMAG)
TOTAL%
1) Very helpful333.3
2) Helpful222.2
3) A little helpful222.2
4) Not very helpful111.1
5) Not helpful at all111.1
Missing683 
TOTAL9100.0
88) [FROM VARIABLE KNOWMAG] Did reading this booklet [Church & Society's Gambling and Christian Faith article] change your opinions on gambling in any way? (CHNGMAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26.5
2) No2993.5
Missing661 
TOTAL31100.0
89) Do you believe that Presbyterian congregations, through their sessions, should or should not actively oppose efforts to expand or legalize gambling in their communities? (SHLD_OPP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, sessions should act to oppose legalized gambling27841.9
2) No, sessions should not act to oppose legalized gambling14121.2
3) Uncertain24536.9
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
90) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, we've worked to oppose additional legalized gambling. (OPP_OPP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65198.0
1) Checked132.0
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
91) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, we've worked to reduce or roll back some kinds of legalized gambling. (OPP_RED)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65899.1
1) Checked60.9
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
92) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, we've worked to ban legalized gambling completely. (OPP_BAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65898.9
1) Checked71.1
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
93) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Yes, other (OPP_OTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66099.4
1) Checked40.6
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
94) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - No (OPP_NO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43464.4
1) Checked24035.6
Missing18 
TOTAL674100.0
95) In the last five years, has your session taken any actions to oppose, reduce, or ban legalized gambling in your area? (Check the box for all that apply) - Don't know (OPP_DK)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked27139.9
1) Checked40960.1
Missing12 
TOTAL680100.0
96) Has your congregation set up a ministry or taken other actions explicitly to help individuals and families affected by compulsive gambling? (GAMBMINS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes142.1
2) No33149.3
3) Don't know32648.6
Missing21 
TOTAL671100.0
97) In 1999, a federal commission recommended a moratorium on the expansion of legal gambling in the United States. How do you feel about this? Would you... (Check only one box) (FCC_MORA)
TOTAL%
1) Favor continued expansion of legal gambling395.8
2) Keep legal gambling as it is now12919.3
3) Reduce legal gambling25037.4
4) Ban gambling altogether12618.9
5) Uncertain12418.6
Missing24 
TOTAL668100.0
98) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female40860.7
2) Male26439.3
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
99) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL66957.75517
100) Survey format (SURVEY)
TOTAL%
1) Paper copy66496.0
2) From the web284.0
TOTAL692100.0
101) Original ID Number (CODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL68311005.24587
102) ID Number (ID)
103) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? __ year(s) (if less than one year, __ months) (YRSMMEMB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL66519.95517
104) How far do you live from your congregation? __ mile(s) (HOWFAR)
TOTAL%
0) 20.3
1) 12919.5
2) 8613.0
3) 8913.5
4) 558.3
5) 9414.2
6) 406.1
7) 263.9
8) 223.3
9) 81.2
10) 355.3
11) 71.1
12) 132.0
13) 20.3
14) 50.8
15) 172.6
16) 30.5
18) 20.3
19) 10.2
20) 50.8
21) 10.2
23) 10.2
25) 20.3
30) 20.3
35) 10.2
40) 20.3
45) 10.2
50) 10.2
90) 10.2
120) 10.2
170) 10.2
175) 10.2
220) 10.2
455) 10.2
998) 20.3
999) 10.2
Missing31 
TOTAL661100.0
105) What is the approximate membership of the congregations(s) you attend? If you don't know, leave the line blank and check here. (NOMEMBER)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5922387.2423631
106) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23134.8
2) No43265.2
Missing29 
TOTAL663100.0
107) [IF YES TO EVERELDR] Are you serving now on session? (NOWELDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes143.6
2) No37096.4
Missing308 
TOTAL384100.0
108) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (Check one box) (EVERDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21833.2
2) No43966.8
Missing35 
TOTAL657100.0
109) [IF YES TO EVERDCON] Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (NOWDCON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4111.3
2) No32288.7
Missing329 
TOTAL363100.0
110) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMCH)
TOTAL%
0) Checked57284.9
1) Not checked10215.1
Missing18 
TOTAL674100.0
111) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSCOMME)
TOTAL%
0) Checked43664.5
1) Not checked24035.5
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
112) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSGAMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Checked63994.5
1) Not checked375.5
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
113) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGOFF)
TOTAL%
0) Checked57985.7
1) Not checked9714.3
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
114) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of men's, women's, or youth group (POSYGMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Checked48571.7
1) Not checked19128.3
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
115) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Organist or choir director (POSCHDIR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked66498.2
1) Not checked121.8
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
116) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Member of choir (POSCHMEM)
TOTAL%
0) Checked53879.6
1) Not checked13820.4
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
117) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Church school teacher/leader (POSTCHER)
TOTAL%
0) Checked51576.2
1) Not checked16123.8
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
118) What other positions, if any, do you hold in the church? (Check all that apply) - Other (specify) (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Checked64795.7
1) Not checked294.3
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
119) How often do you generally attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (Check the appropriate box) (FREQATTD)
TOTAL%
1) Never91.3
2) Less than once a year20.3
3) About once or twice a year121.8
4) Several times a year406.0
5) About once a month294.3
6) 2-3 times a month11917.8
7) Nearly every week30345.4
8) Every week15423.1
Missing24 
TOTAL668100.0
120) In the last year, have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? (EVERMISA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61998.1
2) No121.9
Missing61 
TOTAL631100.0
121) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] Approximately how many Sundays have you missed attending worship over the last year (52 weeks)? Estimate the number of Sundays you were absent from worship in the last year on the line. (EVERMISB)
TOTAL%
0) None30.5
1) 50.8
2) 386.1
3) 436.9
4) 416.6
5) 538.5
6) 6310.1
7) 152.4
8) 304.8
9) 91.4
10) 569.0
11) 40.6
12) 457.2
13) 101.6
14) 50.8
15) 335.3
16) 91.4
17) 30.5
18) 111.8
19) 30.5
20) 406.4
21) 20.3
22) 30.5
24) 40.6
25) 101.6
26) 50.8
30) 101.6
31) 10.2
32) 20.3
34) 20.3
35) 40.6
36) 20.3
39) 10.2
40) 152.4
42) 10.2
44) 20.3
45) 111.8
46) 30.5
47) 10.2
48) 30.5
49) 20.3
50) 81.3
51) 10.2
52) 101.6
Missing70 
TOTAL622100.0
122) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (EMJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55982.7
1) Checked11717.3
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
123) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was traveling on business and didn't get home in time. (EMRAVEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60689.6
1) Checked7010.4
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
124) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was ill. (EMILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked37856.0
1) Checked29744.0
Missing17 
TOTAL675100.0
125) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (EMFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50875.1
1) Checked16824.9
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
126) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I was away on vacation. (EMVACATN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked17926.5
1) Checked49773.5
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
127) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (EMCTCHHU)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54079.9
1) Checked13620.1
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
128) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I just didn't feel like going. (EMFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56483.4
1) Checked11216.6
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
129) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - The weather was bad. (EMWEATHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60088.8
1) Checked7611.2
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
130) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I overslept. (EMSLEPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62392.2
1) Checked537.8
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
131) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I had guests from out of town. (EMGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49973.8
1) Checked17726.2
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
132) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I decided to do something else that day. (EMELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58386.2
1) Checked9313.8
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
133) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I wasn't interested in the theme of the service. (EMTHEME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66297.9
1) Checked142.1
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
134) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - I didn't want to hear a particular preacher/speaker. (EMPRECHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63193.3
1) Checked456.7
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
135) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Conflict in the congregation (EMCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65897.3
1) Checked182.7
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
136) [IF YES TO EVERMISA] What factors led you to miss church during the last year? Answer by putting a check in the box beside each reason for why you missed one or more Sundays. - Other (volunteered response) (EMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) All other2738.0
2) Worked at another church45.6
3) Visited another church (out of town)912.7
4) Am a seasonal migrant1014.1
5) Visited another church1318.3
6) Was in the process of leaving11.4
7) Tried to go but something unexpected occurred79.9
Missing621 
TOTAL71100.0
137) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended Sunday church school, include those hours here)? (HRSEVENT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours17726.9
2) 1-2 Hours12118.4
3) 3-5 Hours17126.0
4) 6-10 Hours10616.1
5) 11-20 Hours527.9
6) More than 20 Hours304.6
Missing35 
TOTAL657100.0
138) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event? (HRSVOLCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours22734.7
2) 1-2 Hours15523.7
3) 3-5 Hours12719.4
4) 6-10 Hours7811.9
5) 11-20 Hours355.3
6) More than 20 Hours335.0
Missing37 
TOTAL655100.0
139) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church? (HRSOTHCH)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours37858.7
2) 1-2 Hours13521.0
3) 3-5 Hours8312.9
4) 6-10 Hours264.0
5) 11-20 Hours121.9
6) More than 20 Hours101.6
Missing48 
TOTAL644100.0
140) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you...Given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work)? (HRSVOLOT)
TOTAL%
1) 0 Hours29445.6
2) 1-2 Hours13621.1
3) 3-5 Hours8913.8
4) 6-10 Hours589.0
5) 11-20 Hours264.0
6) More than 20 Hours426.5
Missing47 
TOTAL645100.0
141) Did you belong to any other churches before the one you now belong to? (BELCHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52780.1
2) No13119.9
Missing34 
TOTAL658100.0
142) [IF YES TO BELCRCH] What denomination was the church you belonged to immediately prior to the church you are now a member of? (Check only one box) (WHACHURC)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist387.2
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)101.9
3) Episcopal112.1
4) Lutheran346.5
5) Methodist8716.5
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA24446.3
7) Other Presbyterian71.3
8) Reformed122.3
9) Roman Catholic173.2
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)254.7
11) Independent or non-denominational71.3
12) Other356.6
Missing165 
TOTAL527100.0
143) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Check only one. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, answer by putting a check in the one that influenced you the most.) (DEN_RAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist7010.7
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)223.3
3) Episcopal182.7
4) Lutheran365.5
5) Methodist10415.8
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA26540.3
7) Other Presbyterian91.4
8) Reformed111.7
9) Roman Catholic345.2
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)243.7
11) Independent or non-denominational121.8
12) None172.6
13) Other355.3
Missing35 
TOTAL657100.0
144) How old were you when you first became a member of a Presbyterian church? (HOWOLD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL65626.08516
145) When you were growing up, say ages 10 to 12, how active were your parents in church? (PAR_ACTV)
TOTAL%
1) Very active23434.9
2) Generally active13820.6
3) Somewhat active9714.5
4) Not very active8011.9
5) Not active at all11216.7
6) Don't know91.3
Missing22 
TOTAL670100.0
146) Do any of your relatives serve as pastors, Christian educators, or mission workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELPAST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11517.3
2) No55082.7
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
147) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How many relatives are currently serving the church in full-time paid positions? (RELPAST#)
TOTAL%
0) 1915.4
1) 6351.2
2) 3024.4
3) 32.4
4) 21.6
5) 10.8
6) 32.4
7) 10.8
99) 10.8
Missing569 
TOTAL123100.0
148) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66598.4
1) Checked111.6
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
149) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66999.0
1) Checked71.0
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
150) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67599.9
1) Checked10.1
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
151) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67499.7
1) Checked20.3
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
152) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My son (SONPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked67299.4
1) Checked40.6
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
153) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66498.2
1) Checked121.8
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
154) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBPAST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66097.6
1) Checked162.4
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
155) [IF YES TO RELPAST] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHPAST)
TOTAL%
1) A grandchild66.6
2) A distant ancestor44.4
3) An uncle or aunt1415.4
4) A niece or nephew2224.2
5) A cousin2426.4
6) A stepparent11.1
8) A spouse66.6
9) An in-law1415.4
Missing601 
TOTAL91100.0
156) Have any other relatives, whether living or dead, such as grandparents or great-grandparents, served in the past as pastors, Christian educators, missionary workers, or in other full-time ministry for a Presbyterian or other church? (RELCRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15623.9
2) No49876.1
Missing38 
TOTAL654100.0
157) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How many relatives in the past served the church in full-time paid positions? (Approximate number) (RELCRCH#)
TOTAL%
0) 1610.1
1) 8352.2
2) 3522.0
3) 116.9
4) 63.8
5) 21.3
6) 10.6
7) 21.3
8) 10.6
10) 10.6
15) 10.6
Missing533 
TOTAL159100.0
158) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My father (DADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65496.7
1) Checked223.3
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
159) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My mother (MOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66398.1
1) Checked131.9
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
160) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandfather (GDADCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63493.8
1) Checked426.2
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
161) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My grandmother (GMOMCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66197.8
1) Checked152.2
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
162) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - My daughter (DAUGCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66898.8
1) Checked81.2
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
163) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - A brother or sister (SIBCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66197.8
1) Checked152.2
Missing16 
TOTAL676100.0
164) [IF YES TO RELCRCH] How are they related to you? (Check the box for all that apply) - Other (OTHCRCH)
TOTAL%
0) All other/not specified10.9
1) A grandchild10.9
2) A distant ancestor3936.4
3) An uncle or aunt4138.3
4) A niece or nephew32.8
5) A cousin87.5
8) A spouse43.7
9) An in-law109.3
Missing585 
TOTAL107100.0
165) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (LIB_CONS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative335.0
2) Conservative23335.3
3) Moderate29043.9
4) Liberal8512.9
5) Very Liberal192.9
Missing32 
TOTAL660100.0
166) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or accept Him as a personal savior? (WITNESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43164.5
2) No23735.5
Missing24 
TOTAL668100.0
167) Would you say you have had a conversion experience--that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CNVRSION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31247.4
2) No34652.6
Missing34 
TOTAL658100.0
168) Do you believe that some or all of the Bible was inspired by God? (INSP_GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63597.5
2) No162.5
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
169) [IF YES TO INSP_GOD] How much of what the Bible contains do you believe was inspired by God? (INSPMUCH)
TOTAL%
1) All of it30546.9
2) Almost all of it11617.8
3) Most of it14622.5
4) Some of it477.2
5) Only a very small amount40.6
6) Not sure324.9
Missing42 
TOTAL650100.0
170) The account of Creation presented in Genesis - (Check the one box that best describes your view) (CREA_TRU)
TOTAL%
1) Is literally true, exactly as we find it in the Bible--that is, it took six 24-hour periods for God to create the world517.8
2) Is a true account of how God created the world37156.5
3) Reflects human feelings about how the world might have been created23535.8
Missing35 
TOTAL657100.0
171) Which statement best summarizes your view of the Bible? (Check one box) (BIBL_ACC)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is entirely accurate without error of any kind.17127.2
2) The Bible is without error of any kind in spiritual matters, but there are problems in other areas such as science and history.30448.4
3) The Bible contains errors in both spiritual and secular matters.15324.4
Missing64 
TOTAL628100.0
172) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (IND_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6910.5
2) Agree16424.8
3) Not sure9013.6
4) Disagree26239.7
5) Strongly disagree7511.4
Missing32 
TOTAL660100.0
173) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (ALL_RELS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree456.8
2) Agree16425.0
3) Not sure11116.9
4) Disagree21532.7
5) Strongly disagree12218.6
Missing35 
TOTAL657100.0
174) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - There is a life beyond death. (BYND_DTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree41463.2
2) Agree15623.8
3) Not sure7311.1
4) Disagree81.2
5) Strongly disagree40.6
Missing37 
TOTAL655100.0
175) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The only absolute truth for humanity is in Jesus Christ. (JES_TRUE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30746.4
2) Agree18728.2
3) Not sure9915.0
4) Disagree578.6
5) Strongly disagree121.8
Missing30 
TOTAL662100.0
176) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (JES_SAVE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17827.0
2) Agree13119.8
3) Not sure16725.3
4) Disagree12819.4
5) Strongly disagree568.5
Missing32 
TOTAL660100.0
177) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - It is important to share my faith with other people. (SHAR_FTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23535.6
2) Agree33350.5
3) Not sure629.4
4) Disagree243.6
5) Strongly disagree60.9
Missing32 
TOTAL660100.0
178) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - The Devil (Satan) really exists. (DEVL_XST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23335.2
2) Agree20430.8
3) Not sure13219.9
4) Disagree6810.3
5) Strongly disagree253.8
Missing30 
TOTAL662100.0
179) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement. - Jesus was born of a virgin. (JES_VRGN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34051.1
2) Agree17926.9
3) Not sure11717.6
4) Disagree132.0
5) Strongly disagree162.4
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
180) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible privately (OFT_BPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily11417.5
2) Several times a week9013.8
3) Weekly8412.9
4) Several times a month9714.9
5) Once a month416.3
6) Several times a year11517.6
7) Once a year or less7611.6
8) Never365.5
Missing39 
TOTAL653100.0
181) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Read the Bible with family or friends (OFT_BFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily172.7
2) Several times a week243.7
3) Weekly9915.4
4) Several times a month6810.6
5) Once a month538.3
6) Several times a year11117.3
7) Once a year or less10316.1
8) Never16625.9
Missing51 
TOTAL641100.0
182) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a Bible study group (OFT_BGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily60.9
2) Several times a week91.4
3) Weekly13220.7
4) Several times a month345.3
5) Once a month599.3
6) Several times a year7912.4
7) Once a year or less9615.1
8) Never22234.9
Missing55 
TOTAL637100.0
183) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray privately (OFT_PPRI)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily41963.3
2) Several times a week11016.6
3) Weekly406.0
4) Several times a month497.4
5) Once a month81.2
6) Several times a year213.2
7) Once a year or less81.2
8) Never71.1
Missing30 
TOTAL662100.0
184) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Pray with family or friends (OFT_PFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily14322.1
2) Several times a week9314.4
3) Weekly10716.5
4) Several times a month6910.7
5) Once a month385.9
6) Several times a year10015.5
7) Once a year or less253.9
8) Never7211.1
Missing45 
TOTAL647100.0
185) Approximately how frequently do you engage in the following activity? (Check one box on each line) - Attend a prayer group (OFT_PGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Daily/almost daily30.5
2) Several times a week30.5
3) Weekly538.3
4) Several times a month264.1
5) Once a month304.7
6) Several times a year568.8
7) Once a year or less10316.1
8) Never36457.1
Missing54 
TOTAL638100.0
186) Do you believe that Jesus will return to Earth some day? (JES_RTRN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46172.0
2) No436.7
3) Not sure13621.3
Missing52 
TOTAL640100.0
187) [IF YES TO JES_RTRN] Do you think that Jesus' return is more likely in 2000, less likely in 2000, or about as likely then as in any other year? (RTRN2000)
TOTAL%
1) More likely in 200040.7
2) About as likely in 2000 as in any other year33461.5
3) Less likely in 2000193.5
4) No opinion18634.3
Missing149 
TOTAL543100.0
188) Do you currently have plans for this coming New Year's Eve (Dec. 31, 1999)? (PLAN_NYR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15823.8
2) No50676.2
Missing28 
TOTAL664100.0
189) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] Will you be celebrating or commemorating the end of 1999 and the beginning of 2000 in a way different from how you would usually mark the end of one year and the beginning of a new one? (PLAN_USU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8026.9
2) No21773.1
Missing395 
TOTAL297100.0
190) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - First response (PLAN_DO1)
TOTAL%
1) Nothing special/stay at home1617.2
2) Spend time with family1718.3
3) Party/celebrate3032.3
4) Work88.6
5) Attend church1314.0
6) Vacation/travel44.3
7) Not sure-no plans yet33.2
9) Other22.2
Missing599 
TOTAL93100.0
191) [IF YES TO PLAN_NYR] What do you plan to do? - Second response (PLAN_DO2)
TOTAL%
2) Spend time with family125.0
3) Party/celebrate125.0
5) Attend church125.0
6) Vacation/travel125.0
Missing688 
TOTAL4100.0
192) Does your congregation plan to hold a worship service on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day to mark the transition to 2000? (NEW_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely436.4
2) Yes, probably6810.1
3) No, probably not7010.4
4) No, definitely not223.3
5) Don't know47069.8
Missing19 
TOTAL673100.0
193) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in U.S. society generally? (Y2KSOCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very major20.3
2) Major223.3
3) Minor28743.0
4) Very minor23935.8
5) None at all548.1
6) No opinion639.4
Missing25 
TOTAL667100.0
194) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local community? (Y2KCOMM)
TOTAL%
2) Major101.5
3) Minor23535.4
4) Very minor28042.2
5) None at all7711.6
6) No opinion619.2
Missing29 
TOTAL663100.0
195) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your local church? (Y2KCRCH)
TOTAL%
2) Major20.3
3) Minor12719.1
4) Very minor20330.5
5) None at all26639.9
6) No opinion6810.2
Missing26 
TOTAL666100.0
196) What sort of disruptions, if any, do you think the Y2K computer problem will cause in early 2000...in your own personal life? (Y2KLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Very major10.2
2) Major40.6
3) Minor15122.7
4) Very minor24036.0
5) None at all20530.8
6) No opinion659.8
Missing26 
TOTAL666100.0
197) What is your sex? (SEX2)
TOTAL%
1) Female41561.6
2) Male25938.4
Missing18 
TOTAL674100.0
198) What is your present age? (AGE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL67257.53317
199) Which of the categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (HOME)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not a farm7811.7
2) On a farm243.6
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)19429.2
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)8813.2
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city588.7
6) In a large city (over 250,000)7911.9
7) In a suburb near a large city14421.7
Missing27 
TOTAL665100.0
200) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married51678.1
2) Not married14521.9
Missing31 
TOTAL661100.0
201) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (MAR_EVER)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married5032.5
2) Yes, am now widowed5233.8
3) Yes, am now divorced4327.9
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced95.8
Missing538 
TOTAL154100.0
202) If currently married, have you ever had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREV_MAR)
TOTAL%
1) No40882.8
2) Yes, was widowed153.0
3) Yes, was divorced6813.8
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced20.4
Missing199 
TOTAL493100.0
203) How often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship at your congregation? (SPOUCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Never254.9
2) Less than once a year132.5
3) About once or twice a year234.5
4) Several times a year458.8
5) About once a month224.3
6) 2-3 times a month9618.8
7) Nearly every week19838.8
8) Every week8817.3
Missing182 
TOTAL510100.0
204) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Faith in which spouse was raised (SPOURAIS)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist6913.4
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)101.9
3) Episcopal193.7
4) Lutheran367.0
5) Methodist8015.6
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA15930.9
7) Other Presbyterian91.8
8) Reformed71.4
9) Roman Catholic438.4
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)183.5
11) Independent or non-denominational40.8
12) None234.5
13) Other377.2
Missing178 
TOTAL514100.0
205) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised (if more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved), and his or her current religious affiliation. - Spouse's current faith (SPOUFATH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist10.2
3) Episcopal30.7
5) Methodist20.5
6) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA38790.4
7) Other Presbyterian20.5
9) Roman Catholic81.9
10) UCC (United Churches of Christ/Congregational)10.2
11) Independent or non-denominational40.9
12) None143.3
13) Other61.4
Missing264 
TOTAL428100.0
206) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, First response (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time19930.1
2) Employed part-time609.1
3) Self-employed406.1
4) Unemployed81.2
5) Retired23635.7
6) Full-time homemaker7811.8
7) Student294.4
8) Other111.7
Missing31 
TOTAL661100.0
207) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Your employment status, Second response (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time12.7
2) Employed part-time25.4
3) Self-employed924.3
5) Retired718.9
6) Full-time homemaker1027.0
7) Student513.5
8) Other38.1
Missing655 
TOTAL37100.0
208) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, First response (SPOUEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time19739.1
2) Employed part-time336.5
3) Self-employed418.1
4) Unemployed20.4
5) Retired18035.7
6) Full-time homemaker469.1
7) Student20.4
8) Other30.6
Missing188 
TOTAL504100.0
209) Please indicate your employment status and, if married, the employment of your spouse. - Employment status of spouse, Second response (SPOUEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time29.5
2) Employed part-time14.8
3) Self-employed314.3
5) Retired628.6
6) Full-time homemaker628.6
8) Other314.3
Missing671 
TOTAL21100.0
210) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year - Your hours (YOUHRS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36236.89819
211) If you (and your spouse, if married) are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours per week worked over the last year - Spouse's hours (SPOUHRS)
TOTAL%
0) 175.7
2) 10.3
5) 10.3
7) 10.3
8) 41.3
9) 10.3
10) 31.0
15) 20.7
16) 20.7
18) 20.7
20) 113.7
24) 20.7
25) 51.7
27) 10.3
30) 72.3
32) 31.0
35) 124.0
36) 20.7
37) 20.7
38) 72.3
39) 10.3
40) 6521.8
42) 20.7
43) 51.7
44) 20.7
45) 3210.7
47) 10.3
48) 82.7
50) 4816.1
52) 10.3
55) 113.7
56) 10.3
57) 10.3
58) 10.3
60) 258.4
65) 31.0
68) 10.3
70) 20.7
74) 10.3
75) 10.3
Missing394 
TOTAL298100.0
212) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Your Occupation (YOUOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management5612.6
13) Business and financial operations327.2
15) Computer and math122.7
17) Architecture and engineering163.6
19) Life-physical and social science92.0
21) Community and social services132.9
23) Legal122.7
25) Education/training/library8619.4
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media163.6
29) Healthcare and technical398.8
31) Healthcare support30.7
33) Protective service20.5
37) Building and grounds cleaning10.2
39) Personal care20.5
41) Sales and related occupations337.4
43) Office and administrative support5311.9
45) Farming/fishing/forestry20.5
47) Construction132.9
49) Installation/maintenance/repair30.7
51) Production occupations122.7
53) Transportation20.5
99) Homemaker276.1
Missing248 
TOTAL444100.0
213) What is your usual occupation (title/kind of work) and, if married, your spouse's usual occupation (title/kind of work)? - Spouse's Occupation (SPOOCCUP)
TOTAL%
11) Management5715.5
13) Business and financial operations226.0
15) Computer and math61.6
17) Architecture and engineering195.2
19) Life-physical and social science41.1
21) Community and social services113.0
23) Legal92.5
25) Education/training/library3810.4
27) Arts/design/entertainment/sports/media71.9
29) Healthcare and technical308.2
31) Healthcare support41.1
33) Protective service61.6
37) Building and grounds cleaning30.8
39) Personal care10.3
41) Sales and related occupations4813.1
43) Office and administrative support308.2
45) Farming/fishing/forestry30.8
47) Construction71.9
49) Installation/maintenance/repair82.2
51) Production occupations164.4
53) Transportation82.2
55) Military30.8
99) Homemaker277.4
Missing325 
TOTAL367100.0
214) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Your educational level (EDUCYOU)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 8 years20.3
3) Some high school152.2
4) High school diploma6810.2
5) Some college16023.9
6) Graduated from college18127.1
7) Some graduate work8813.2
8) A graduate degree15523.2
Missing23 
TOTAL669100.0
215) What is the highest level of education completed by you and, if married, by your spouse? - Spouse's educational level (EDUCSPOU)
TOTAL%
2) Completed 8th grade20.4
3) Some high school61.2
4) High school diploma7614.7
5) Some college11722.6
6) Graduated from college14127.2
7) Some graduate work448.5
8) A graduate degree13225.5
Missing174 
TOTAL518100.0
216) How many children do you have? (If none, write 0.) Include any legally adopted children; exclude stepchildren unless legally adopted. (NO_KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None10015.1
1) 7711.6
2) 25338.2
3) 14822.3
4) 497.4
5) 172.6
6) 142.1
7) 30.5
9) 20.3
Missing29 
TOTAL663100.0
217) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (Check only one box.) (HH_SIZE)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone.10115.0
2) Two of us35753.1
3) Three of us8712.9
4) Four of us8412.5
5) Five of us284.2
6) Six of us50.7
7) Seven or more of us50.7
8) Not Applicable50.7
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
218) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - under six years of age? (HH_UNDR6)
TOTAL%
0) None14468.6
1) 14722.4
2) 2146.7
3) 341.9
6) 610.5
Missing482 
TOTAL210100.0
219) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 6-12 years of age? (HH_6-12)
TOTAL%
0) None13758.3
1) 16326.8
2) 23113.2
3) 341.7
Missing457 
TOTAL235100.0
220) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 13-17 years of age? (HH_13-17)
TOTAL%
0) None13565.2
1) 15325.6
2) 2199.2
Missing485 
TOTAL207100.0
221) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 18-24 years of age? (HH_18-24)
TOTAL%
0) None13574.6
1) 13318.2
2) 273.9
3) 352.8
8) 810.6
Missing511 
TOTAL181100.0
222) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are - 25 years of age and over? (HH_25+)
TOTAL%
0) None203.4
1) 18113.8
2) 246178.3
3) 3264.4
4) 410.2
Missing103 
TOTAL589100.0
223) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a teenager living with both parents would check "4.") (HH_TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone8913.7
2) A single parent, living with one or more children203.1
3) A married couple, no children in household33551.5
4) A married couple, living with one or more children17627.0
5) Some other arrangement (please describe your household here)314.8
Missing41 
TOTAL651100.0
224) Where did you live five years ago, in October 1994? (HOM_94)
TOTAL%
1) Same house I live in now48471.8
2) A different house, but in the same county9814.5
3) In a different county, but in the same state416.1
4) In a different state477.0
5) In a different country40.6
Missing18 
TOTAL674100.0
225) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (ST_BORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL67432.99116
226) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (DEM_REP)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat15924.1
2) Independent12018.2
3) Republican36254.9
4) Other172.6
5) Libertarian10.2
Missing33 
TOTAL659100.0
227) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply.) - First response (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian65397.2
2) Black or African American81.2
3) Indian20.3
4) Asian or Pacific Islander50.7
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, Spanish origin30.4
6) Some other race10.1
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
228) What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply) - Second response (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian440.0
3) Indian330.0
4) Asian or Pacific Islander110.0
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, Spanish origin110.0
6) Some other race110.0
Missing682 
TOTAL10100.0
229) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (HH_INCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,000101.6
2) $10K-14,999142.3
3) $15K-19,999325.3
4) $20K-29,999528.5
5) $30K-39,9997312.0
6) $40K-49,999569.2
7) $50K-59,9997712.6
8) $60K-69,999416.7
9) $70K-79,999396.4
10) $80K-89,999386.2
11) $90K-99,999355.7
12) $100K-124,9996610.8
13) $125K-149,999335.4
14) $150K+437.1
Missing83 
TOTAL609100.0
230) Did you or any other family member fill out a pledge card regarding church giving for the current year? (PLEDGECD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52478.4
2) No13520.2
3) Don't know91.3
Missing24 
TOTAL668100.0
231) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MNY_REG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6143184.62110646
232) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your church, in giving to a special campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MNY_SPEC)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4182522.68713083
233) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following? Write your best estimate on the lines provided. - To your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings - One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MNY_APPL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5132458.40214538
234) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (MNY_OUTS)
TOTAL%
1) $019230.5
2) $1-5012820.3
3) $51-1007912.6
4) $101-50012219.4
5) $501-1000375.9
6) $1001-2000314.9
7) $2001+406.4
Missing63 
TOTAL629100.0
235) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (MNY_NREL)
TOTAL%
1) $0253.9
2) $1-5010015.7
3) $51-10010015.7
4) $101-50022635.4
5) $501-10007411.6
6) $1001-2000467.2
7) $2001+6710.5
Missing54 
TOTAL638100.0
236) I-SEX: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Female40860.7
2) Male26439.3
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
237) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married51678.1
2) Not married14521.9
Missing31 
TOTAL661100.0
238) I-DEM_REP: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-DEM_REP)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat15924.1
2) Independent12018.2
3) Republican36254.9
4) Other172.6
5) Libertarian10.2
Missing33 
TOTAL659100.0
239) I-RACE1: What is your race of origin? (Check all that apply.) - First response (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White65397.2
1) Black81.2
2) Other111.6
Missing20 
TOTAL672100.0
240) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) Under 4010615.8
1) 40-4910615.8
2) 50-6418427.5
3) 65+27340.8
Missing23 
TOTAL669100.0
241) I-HH_INCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1998? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-HH_INCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K569.2
1) 20K-49,99918129.7
2) 50K-99,99923037.8
3) 100K+14223.3
Missing83 
TOTAL609100.0