Presbyterian Panel Survey, February 2003 -- Hunger Issues, All

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members65825.7
2) Elders87534.2
3) Clergy102540.1
Missing4 
TOTAL2558100.0
2) Panel identification number (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25584004.8432117
3) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: Bread for the World (BREAD)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive45518.3
2) Positive56222.6
3) Negative431.7
4) Very negative40.2
5) No opinion2469.9
6) Not familiar with organization117447.3
Missing78 
TOTAL2484100.0
4) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: Catholic Charities (CHARITY)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive32213.0
2) Positive107543.3
3) Negative893.6
4) Very negative160.6
5) No opinion43517.5
6) Not familiar with organization54321.9
Missing82 
TOTAL2480100.0
5) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: Habitat for Humanity (HABITAT)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive175069.7
2) Positive67727.0
3) Negative170.7
4) Very negative30.1
5) No opinion331.3
6) Not familiar with organization311.2
Missing51 
TOTAL2511100.0
6) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: Presbyterian Hunger Program (HUNGER)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive71929.0
2) Positive98639.7
3) Negative471.9
4) Very negative10.0
5) No opinion2038.2
6) Not familiar with organization52621.2
Missing80 
TOTAL2482100.0
7) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: Save the Children (SAVE)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive26110.5
2) Positive96739.0
3) Negative25410.2
4) Very negative311.3
5) No opinion50320.3
6) Not familiar with organization46418.7
Missing82 
TOTAL2480100.0
8) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: UNICEF (UNICEF)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive51920.9
2) Positive126851.1
3) Negative2409.7
4) Very negative532.1
5) No opinion32713.2
6) Not familiar with organization722.9
Missing83 
TOTAL2479100.0
9) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: United Nations (UNATIONS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive31612.9
2) Positive108944.5
3) Negative38215.6
4) Very negative1576.4
5) No opinion37915.5
6) Not familiar with organization1255.1
Missing114 
TOTAL2448100.0
10) Indicate whether you have a positive or a negative impression of each organization on the list below: Your local food bank/food pantry (FOODBANK)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive146258.1
2) Positive92336.7
3) Negative170.7
4) Very negative30.1
5) No opinion502.0
6) Not familiar with organization622.5
Missing45 
TOTAL2517100.0
11) When it comes to the hunger problem in the U.S., which group (of those listed below) do you think needs the most help, that is, which group should we focus assistance on? (FOODHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Children96138.1
2) Poor families122248.4
3) Senior citizens1435.7
4) Women160.6
5) Don't know1787.1
8) All equally, all of these40.2
Missing38 
TOTAL2524100.0
12) Generally speaking, would you say of people who are hungry that their hunger is their own fault or do you believe they are hungry because of other reasons? (HUNGRFLT)
TOTAL%
1) Their own fault1234.9
2) Other reasons210283.7
3) Don't know28311.3
8) Both40.2
Missing50 
TOTAL2512100.0
13) Over the last decade, would you say that the hunger problem has gotten worse, gotten better, or remained the same: in the U.S.? (HUNGRUS)
TOTAL%
1) Gotten worse117546.6
2) Gotten better44917.8
3) Remained the same60624.0
4) Don't know29211.6
Missing40 
TOTAL2522100.0
14) Over the last decade, would you say that the hunger problem has gotten worse, gotten better, or remained the same: in the world? (HUNGRWRL)
TOTAL%
1) Gotten worse173469.6
2) Gotten better1716.9
3) Remained the same30412.2
4) Don't know28211.3
Missing71 
TOTAL2491100.0
15) When thinking about the hunger problem here in the U.S., which word or word pair best describes the real problem? (HUNGRPRB)
TOTAL%
1) Child hunger42416.9
2) Chronic hunger51420.5
3) Food insecurity54321.6
4) Malnutrition59023.5
5) Starvation230.9
6) Don't know41616.6
8) All equally, all of these10.0
9) None of these or similar response10.0
Missing50 
TOTAL2512100.0
16) Which of the following is the best way to help fight the hunger problem in Africa? (HUNGRAFR)
TOTAL%
1) Giving more money to groups like the United Nations783.1
2) Helping farmers in Africa grow more food112544.9
3) Helping charitable organizations like Save the Children1064.2
4) Supporting programs in Africa that promote free markets and economic development88135.1
5) Don't know31312.5
8) All equally, all of these30.1
9) None of these or similar response20.1
Missing54 
TOTAL2508100.0
17) Which of the following comes closer to your own personal opinion? (FIGHTHGR)
TOTAL%
1) The best way to fight hunger in the U.S. is through programs that help poor people to get better jobs that pay enough so they can feed their families217986.4
2) The best way to fight hunger in the U.S. is through programs that provide food to poor families2379.4
3) Don't know963.8
8) Both70.3
9) None of these or similar response20.1
Missing41 
TOTAL2521100.0
18) Which of the following comes closer to your own personal opinion? (RSPONSBL)
TOTAL%
1) We can't force people to take responsibility for themselves and there is plenty of food for those who need it1897.5
2) We need to help people who are chronically hungry, weak, and dizzy because of hunger, and we need to help them so they can take responsibility for their own lives217486.3
3) Don't know1546.1
8) Both10.0
9) None of these or similar response20.1
Missing42 
TOTAL2520100.0
19) Which of the following comes closer to your own personal opinion? (CHILDHGR)
TOTAL%
1) Children are hungry because of parents who fail to take responsibility for them and government can't teach parents to love and care for their kids47819.1
2) Parents have a moral obligation to care for a child, but if the parent is chronically hungry, weak and unable to even stand from fatigue, they need direct food assistance so they can then get back on their feet, go to work, and care for their children183073.2
3) Don't know1827.3
8) Both30.1
9) None of these or similar response60.2
Missing63 
TOTAL2499100.0
20) Which of the following comes closer to your own personal opinion? (CHRONIC)
TOTAL%
1) To help the chronically hungry, we have to first provide them with food, because otherwise they will be too weak to get back on their feet and take responsibility for themselves77831.1
2) We need to help the chronically hungry by making sure they have food so they are not too weak to get back on their feet, but at the same time we need to demand accountability and work159463.7
3) Don't know1275.1
9) None of these or similar response20.1
Missing61 
TOTAL2501100.0
21) When it comes to fighting the hunger problem in the U.S., which one of the following do you believe is the most effective in fighting hunger? (EFFECT)
TOTAL%
1) A strong economy and creating more jobs98639.4
2) Charitable groups813.2
3) Churches and other religious groups1224.9
4) Food pantries and soup kitchens1747.0
5) Food stamps512.0
6) Improving schools in low-income neighborhoods963.8
7) Raising the minimum wage1546.2
8) Social Security60.2
9) Tax relief for poor families, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit371.5
10) The school lunch program873.5
11) The Temporary Assistance For Needy families (TANF) program, also known as welfare reform1295.2
12) The Women, Infants and Children Program, also known as the WIC programs1566.2
13) Don't know42216.9
Missing61 
TOTAL2501100.0
22) Which of the following comes closest to your personal opinion? (SPEND)
TOTAL%
1) We spend too much on hunger programs, and in the end most of the money is wasted572.3
2) We spend too little money, which is why we have too many hungry children60824.3
3) We spend enough money on programs for hungry children, but we need to reform the programs to make them more effective140856.2
4) Don't know43317.3
Missing56 
TOTAL2506100.0
23) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. The problem of widespread hunger can be solved in the United States. (SOLVEUS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree68527.3
2) Agree139355.5
3) Disagree27210.8
4) Strongly disagree301.2
5) Don't know1285.1
Missing54 
TOTAL2508100.0
24) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Enough money is already being spent on the hunger problem. (MONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree612.4
2) Agree64025.5
3) Disagree96338.3
4) Strongly disagree2429.6
5) Don't know60624.1
Missing50 
TOTAL2512100.0
25) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. We have the experience and technology right now to reduce world hunger dramatically; what we need is the political will to reduce hunger. (POLITIC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree81732.7
2) Agree122949.1
3) Disagree2369.4
4) Strongly disagree281.1
5) Don't know1917.6
Missing61 
TOTAL2501100.0
26) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. There should be major new efforts, led by charitable and religious groups, with some taxpayer support, to make sure that every child in America has enough to eat. (TAXPAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree64726.0
2) Agree127651.2
3) Disagree33113.3
4) Strongly disagree552.2
5) Don't know1847.4
Missing69 
TOTAL2493100.0
27) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Government programs haven't solved the problem of hungry children, so we need to reform these programs to make sure every child has healthy food to eat and parents get help to do their job better. (GOVT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree65226.0
2) Agree145257.9
3) Disagree2138.5
4) Strongly disagree281.1
5) Don't know1636.5
Missing54 
TOTAL2508100.0
28) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. The problem of widespread hunger can be solved throughout the world. (SOLVEWRL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree36914.7
2) Agree105342.0
3) Disagree57422.9
4) Strongly disagree742.9
5) Don't know44017.5
Missing52 
TOTAL2510100.0
29) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Promoting trade throughout the world helps reduce hunger. (TRADE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree2138.5
2) Agree126950.8
3) Disagree40916.4
4) Strongly disagree331.3
5) Don't know57523.0
Missing63 
TOTAL2499100.0
30) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. We need to do more to help feed the chronically hungry so they can then get back on their feet and take responsibility for feeding and caring for themselves and their families. (RESPONS2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree55222.0
2) Agree165466.0
3) Disagree1255.0
4) Strongly disagree100.4
5) Don't know1646.5
Missing57 
TOTAL2505100.0
31) Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Reducing farm subsidies on the U.S. agriculture would give farmers in poor countries a chance to compete. (REDFARM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree933.7
2) Agree44217.6
3) Disagree71228.4
4) Strongly disagree25410.1
5) Don't know100940.2
Missing52 
TOTAL2510100.0
32) The following is an argument you might hear in favor of increasing funding and government support for solving the hunger problem. How convincing or unconvincing do you find each statement as an argument for doing more to solve the hunger problem? The number of hungry people throughout the world has gone down significantly in the last decade. (NUMBRDEC)
TOTAL%
1) Very convincing441.8
2) Somewhat convincing36014.3
3) Not too convincing82532.9
4) Not very convincing92636.9
5) Don't know35414.1
Missing53 
TOTAL2509100.0
33) The following is an argument you might hear in favor of increasing funding and government support for solving the hunger problem. How convincing or unconvincing do you find each statement as an argument for doing more to solve the hunger problem? Improving nutrition programs for low-income American families will help children learn in school. (NUTRITN)
TOTAL%
1) Very convincing99739.6
2) Somewhat convincing124849.6
3) Not too convincing1726.8
4) Not very convincing532.1
5) Don't know481.9
Missing44 
TOTAL2518100.0
34) The following is an argument you might hear in favor of increasing funding and government support for solving the hunger problem. How convincing or unconvincing do you find each statement as an argument for doing more to solve the hunger problem? Six million children die each year in poor countries from hunger-related causes, and America has a moral obligation to try and fight hunger throughout the world. (MORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very convincing84633.6
2) Somewhat convincing109843.6
3) Not too convincing32813.0
4) Not very convincing1686.7
5) Don't know783.1
Missing44 
TOTAL2518100.0
35) Just your best guess: what percentage of the federal budget do you think the U.S. spends on humanitarian aid and development assistance to help poor people in other countries? (FEDBUDGT)
TOTAL%
0) None30.1
1) 1 percent or less58723.9
2) 225210.2
3) 31476.0
4) 4311.3
5) 52249.1
6) 6190.8
7) 7150.6
8) 8311.3
9) 940.2
10) 101385.6
11) 1110.0
12) 12100.4
13) 1340.2
15) 15421.7
17) 1720.1
20) 20361.5
22) 2220.1
23) 2310.0
25) 25100.4
27) 2720.1
30) 30160.7
35) 3550.2
36) 3610.0
40) 4030.1
50) 5020.1
51) 5120.1
60) 6010.0
70) 7010.0
71) 7110.0
75) 7510.0
99) Don't know86635.2
Missing102 
TOTAL2460100.0
36) How successful would you say humanitarian aid and development assistance programs to poor countries have been? (SUCCESS)
TOTAL%
1) Very successful200.8
2) Somewhat successful123549.4
3) Not very successful84934.0
4) Not at all successful622.5
5) Don't know33213.3
Missing64 
TOTAL2498100.0
37) [IF "NOT VERY SUCCESSFUL" OR "NOT AT ALL SUCCESSFUL" SUCCESS] What do you think is the most important reason why you believe that humanitarian aid and development assistance programs to poor countries have not been successful? (SUCCESS2)
TOTAL%
1) Politics (in general)14717.3
2) Political favors expected, too many strings attached, etc.172.0
3) Corruption27532.3
4) Waste, inefficiency, bureaucracy, too much overhead20824.4
5) Not enough aid and assistance from the United States and other countries455.3
6) Failure of people in poor countries to know how to use aid, poor choices made by the people who receive aid576.7
7) Cultural differences172.0
8) All other839.7
9) Don't know30.4
Missing1710 
TOTAL852100.0
38) [IF "NOT VERY SUCCESSFUL" OR "NOT AT ALL SUCCESSFUL" SUCCESS] What do you think is the most important reason why you believe that humanitarian aid and development assistance programs to poor countries have not been successful? (SUCCESS3)
TOTAL%
1) Politics (in general)57.2
2) Political favors expected, too many strings attached, etc.22.9
3) Corruption2536.2
4) Waste, inefficiency, bureaucracy, too much overhead1826.1
5) Not enough aid and assistance from the United States and other countries45.8
6) Failure of people in poor countries to know how to use aid, poor choices made by the people who receive aid57.2
7) Cultural differences11.4
8) All other913.0
Missing2493 
TOTAL69100.0
39) Between the following, which one should be a higher priority for Congress? (CONGRESS)
TOTAL%
1) Reducing hunger in the United States109043.5
2) Reducing hunger throughout the world1987.9
3) Both should have the same priority113245.2
4) Don't know873.5
Missing55 
TOTAL2507100.0
40) Which of the following candidates would you be more likely to vote for? (VOTE)
TOTAL%
1) A candidate for Congress who says s/he will make fighting hunger problems a higher priority209789.3
2) A candidate for Congress who says there is currently enough being done to fight the hunger problem25210.7
Missing213 
TOTAL2349100.0
41) Who do you think is better able to fight the hunger problem in the U.S. and throughout the world? (WHOFIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) President George Bush and the Republicans in Congress41416.6
2) The Democrats in Congress58523.4
3) Both equally71528.6
4) Neither45218.1
5) Don't know33413.4
Missing62 
TOTAL2500100.0
42) What is your gender? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female117446.2
2) Male136553.8
Missing23 
TOTAL2539100.0
43) What is your age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL252755.26613
44) Survey (SURVEY)
TOTAL%
1) Paper230389.9
2) Web25910.1
TOTAL2562100.0
45) New code (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL255825439.55710034
46) Additional Comments (COMMENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Biased3618.6
2) Other comments on how poorly written the survey is12061.9
3) Respondent's lack of knowledge on hunger issues3819.6
Missing2368 
TOTAL194100.0
47) I-AGE: What is your age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) Under 4026910.6
2) 40-4957022.6
3) 50-64109343.3
4) 65+59523.5
Missing35 
TOTAL2527100.0