Presbyterian Panel Survey, August 1997 - Social Justice and Welfare, Members

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL58310614.652372
2) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare encourages people to work less than they would if there wasn't a welfare system. (WFWRKLES)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17029.5
2) Agree27347.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree8214.2
4) Disagree406.9
5) Strongly disagree111.9
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
3) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps people get on their feet when they have been set back by situations such as unemployment, a divorce, or a death in the family. (WFONFEET)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5710.0
2) Agree34860.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree9216.1
4) Disagree6110.7
5) Strongly disagree142.4
Missing11 
TOTAL572100.0
4) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare encourages young women to have babies before marriage. (WFBABIES)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11219.6
2) Agree18532.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree14325.0
4) Disagree9817.2
5) Strongly disagree335.8
Missing12 
TOTAL571100.0
5) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps keep people's marriages together in times of financial problems. (WFFINANC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree203.5
2) Agree15527.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree19734.4
4) Disagree16027.9
5) Strongly disagree417.2
Missing10 
TOTAL573100.0
6) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare helps to prevent hunger and malnutrition (WFNOHNGR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5710.1
2) Agree33659.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree10218.1
4) Disagree559.8
5) Strongly disagree142.5
Missing19 
TOTAL564100.0
7) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare discourages young women who get pregnant from marrying the father of the child. (WFNOMRRY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9616.8
2) Agree20536.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree17130.0
4) Disagree8014.0
5) Strongly disagree183.2
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
8) About a year ago, Congress passed a welfare reform law. This law shifts major responsibility for welfare from the federal government to the states. Indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement concerning government welfare programs. In general, welfare makes it too easy for unwed fathers to neglect their economic responsibilities as parents. (WFNODAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15727.3
2) Agree28649.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree8414.6
4) Disagree396.8
5) Strongly disagree101.7
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
9) How much attention have you given to the changes in welfare law? (ATNWFLAW)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal9516.3
2) Some33156.9
3) Very little10017.2
4) Almost none447.6
5) None122.1
Missing1 
TOTAL582100.0
10) Overall, do you think the new welfare law will be beneficial to the city, county, or metropolitan area where you live, or will it damage the community? (BNFICIAL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely beneficial6210.7
2) Probably beneficial26045.0
3) Probably result in damage6511.2
4) Definitely result in damage111.9
5) Not sure18031.1
Missing5 
TOTAL578100.0
11) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in less crime? (REFCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) No26848.0
2) Yes6311.3
3) Not sure22740.7
Missing25 
TOTAL558100.0
12) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in fewer homeless people? (REFHMLES)
TOTAL%
1) No25445.6
2) Yes9216.5
3) Not sure21137.9
Missing26 
TOTAL557100.0
13) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in lower birthrates for unwed/welfare moms? (REFMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) No13323.7
2) Yes23141.1
3) Not sure19835.2
Missing21 
TOTAL562100.0
14) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in more employment? (REFEMPLY)
TOTAL%
1) No8815.6
2) Yes31455.8
3) Not sure16128.6
Missing20 
TOTAL563100.0
15) On balance, what benefits, if any, do you think welfare reform will bring to your community? Will it result in more families will stay together? (REFFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) No13223.6
2) Yes13323.8
3) Not sure29452.6
Missing24 
TOTAL559100.0
16) If you can think of one or two other benefits [from welfare reform], please write them in. (REFOTHR1)
TOTAL%
2) Fosters self-reliance4741.6
3) Encourages hard work1513.3
4) Lowers taxes54.4
5) Cuts down on welfare cheaters1210.6
6) Builds community119.7
8) Other108.8
9) Response not applicable1311.5
Missing470 
TOTAL113100.0
17) If you can think of one or two other benefits [from welfare reform], please write them in. (REFOTHR2)
TOTAL%
2) Fosters self-reliance27.4
3) Encourages hard work1037.0
4) Lowers taxes27.4
5) Cuts down on welfare cheaters622.2
6) Builds community311.1
8) Other414.8
Missing556 
TOTAL27100.0
18) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - People will move away from the area. (DMGMOVE)
TOTAL%
1) No36064.2
2) Yes274.8
3) Not sure17431.0
Missing22 
TOTAL561100.0
19) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More families will break up. (DMGFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) No34060.9
2) Yes254.5
3) Not sure19334.6
Missing25 
TOTAL558100.0
20) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Less money will be spent in local stores. (DMGSTORS)
TOTAL%
1) No32658.3
2) Yes7313.1
3) Not sure16028.6
Missing24 
TOTAL559100.0
21) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Crime will increase. (DMGCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) No23642.1
2) Yes8515.2
3) Not sure23942.7
Missing23 
TOTAL560100.0
22) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More children will be abandoned. (DMGKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No26648.2
2) Yes8815.9
3) Not sure19835.9
Missing31 
TOTAL552100.0
23) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - There will be more battered women who are unable to leave their marriages. (DMGBATRD)
TOTAL%
1) No23141.0
2) Yes10117.9
3) Not sure23241.1
Missing19 
TOTAL564100.0
24) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More demands will be placed on churches and other helping organizations. (DMGCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) No498.8
2) Yes42876.4
3) Not sure8314.8
Missing23 
TOTAL560100.0
25) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - Malnutrition and developmental problems will increase. (DMGDEVLP)
TOTAL%
1) No21538.5
2) Yes10719.2
3) Not sure23642.3
Missing25 
TOTAL558100.0
26) On balance, in what ways, if any, do you think welfare reform will damage your community? - More people will feel hopeless, leading to increased drug use and/or gang activity. (DMGDRUGS)
TOTAL%
1) No23642.4
2) Yes6812.2
3) Not sure25345.4
Missing26 
TOTAL557100.0
27) If you can think of one or two ways that welfare reform may damage your community, please write them in. (DMGOTHR1)
TOTAL%
1) More people fall between the cracks47.5
2) Emphasis on the consequences for people in need1935.8
3) Society will suffer917.0
4) More demands on churches and other providers815.1
8) Other23.8
9) Response not applicable1120.8
Missing530 
TOTAL53100.0
28) If you can think of one or two ways that welfare reform may damage your community, please write them in. (DMGOTHR2)
TOTAL%
1) More people fall between the cracks125.0
2) Emphasis on the consequences for people in need125.0
3) Society will suffer125.0
4) More demands on churches and other providers125.0
Missing579 
TOTAL4100.0
29) After receiving benefits for two years, the new law requires welfare recipients to find a job, participate in a job-training program, or work in a public service job. Do you think there are enough jobs in your community to provide work for adults who are now receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) or Food Stamps? (ENUFJOBS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32756.9
2) No12722.1
3) Don't know12121.0
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
30) In general, because of welfare reform do you think that more welfare recipients will leave your community to find jobs somewhere else, or will more welfare recipients come to your community looking for jobs? (LEAVECOM)
TOTAL%
1) More will leave7012.3
2) More will come11019.3
3) The number leaving will be about equal to the number coming.21337.4
4) Don't know17731.1
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
31) Overall, because of welfare reform, do you believe that in the short run, more of today's low-income individuals and families will be economically better off? (BTRSHORT)
TOTAL%
1) No24343.0
2) Yes11820.9
3) Not sure20436.1
Missing18 
TOTAL565100.0
32) Overall, because of welfare reform, do you believe that in the long run, more of today's low-income individuals and families will be economically better off? (BTRLONG)
TOTAL%
1) No539.2
2) Yes37765.8
3) Not sure14325.0
Missing10 
TOTAL573100.0
33) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Infants and children (EFCTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off325.8
2) Probably better off16329.3
3) Not sure21438.5
4) Probably worse off12722.8
5) Definitely worse off203.6
Missing27 
TOTAL556100.0
34) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Unwed teenage mothers (EFCTTEEN)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off335.9
2) Probably better off16129.0
3) Not sure19635.3
4) Probably worse off14926.8
5) Definitely worse off162.9
Missing28 
TOTAL555100.0
35) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Single mothers raising children (EFCTMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off295.2
2) Probably better off17932.4
3) Not sure20537.1
4) Probably worse off12723.0
5) Definitely worse off132.4
Missing30 
TOTAL553100.0
36) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Single fathers raising children (EFCTDADS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off386.8
2) Probably better off16028.8
3) Not sure24243.6
4) Probably worse off10619.1
5) Definitely worse off91.6
Missing28 
TOTAL555100.0
37) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Undocumented immigrants (EFCTUNIM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off122.2
2) Probably better off356.4
3) Not sure25546.4
4) Probably worse off18533.6
5) Definitely worse off6311.5
Missing33 
TOTAL550100.0
38) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Legal immigrants (EFCTLEGL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off285.1
2) Probably better off15928.9
3) Not sure25346.0
4) Probably worse off9817.8
5) Definitely worse off122.2
Missing33 
TOTAL550100.0
39) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Disabled persons (EFCTDSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off173.1
2) Probably better off10118.4
3) Not sure30154.7
4) Probably worse off11621.1
5) Definitely worse off152.7
Missing33 
TOTAL550100.0
40) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Elderly persons (EFCTELD)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off173.1
2) Probably better off9016.3
3) Not sure30254.8
4) Probably worse off12622.9
5) Definitely worse off162.9
Missing32 
TOTAL551100.0
41) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Poor people in general (EFCTPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off295.2
2) Probably better off17732.0
3) Not sure22039.8
4) Probably worse off11721.2
5) Definitely worse off101.8
Missing30 
TOTAL553100.0
42) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Poor people living in areas of high unemployment (EFCTUNEM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off173.1
2) Probably better off5810.5
3) Not sure20236.5
4) Probably worse off22941.3
5) Definitely worse off488.7
Missing29 
TOTAL554100.0
43) On balance, what effect do you think the new welfare law will have on people in the following category? Do you believe that, overall, they will be better off or worse off, or are you not sure of the results? - Persons with limited education (EFCTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely better off193.4
2) Probably better off12723.0
3) Not sure22941.4
4) Probably worse off15227.5
5) Definitely worse off264.7
Missing30 
TOTAL553100.0
44) Does your community have public transportation services? (PUBTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) No18133.2
2) Yes36566.8
Missing37 
TOTAL546100.0
45) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to PUBTRANS). If "yes," is the public transportation service adequate for people who do not have any other way to get to work? (YESTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely8922.9
2) Yes, probably15840.7
3) No, not adequate10025.8
4) Don't know4110.6
Missing195 
TOTAL388100.0
46) To enable welfare recipients to work, do you favor or oppose providing public transportation services to those who do not own cars for personal transportation? (FAVTRANS)
TOTAL%
1) Favor40972.5
2) Oppose8214.5
3) Not sure7312.9
Missing19 
TOTAL564100.0
47) Do you favor or oppose denying welfare benefits to the children of people who do not enroll in job training or do not get a job? (KIDSJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Favor17631.0
2) Oppose24242.7
3) Not sure14926.3
Missing16 
TOTAL567100.0
48) Suppose a person has been denied benefits because s/he failed to find a job and will not participate in job training. Should this person be given a second chance to cooperate with job training and be allowed to receive benefits as long as s/he continues to participate in job training? (SNDCHNCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, should be given a second chance38468.1
2) No, should not be given a second chance12622.3
3) Not sure549.6
Missing19 
TOTAL564100.0
49) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Change the law to remove the 5-year limit (YR5REMOV)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach112.1
2) Good approach305.6
3) Fair approach5410.1
4) Poor approach36869.0
5) Not sure7013.1
Missing50 
TOTAL533100.0
50) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Continue support, but for food and housing only (YR5FOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach183.3
2) Good approach10619.6
3) Fair approach23042.6
4) Poor approach12723.5
5) Not sure5910.9
Missing43 
TOTAL540100.0
51) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Create government-sponsored "poor houses" (YR5HOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach50.9
2) Good approach295.4
3) Fair approach6311.7
4) Poor approach36668.0
5) Not sure7513.9
Missing45 
TOTAL538100.0
52) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Depend on the churches to take care of them (YR5CHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach30.6
2) Good approach325.9
3) Fair approach11621.4
4) Poor approach32459.8
5) Not sure6712.4
Missing41 
TOTAL542100.0
53) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Depend on individual charity to take care of them (YR5CHRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach50.9
2) Good approach376.9
3) Fair approach13324.7
4) Poor approach29655.0
5) Not sure6712.5
Missing45 
TOTAL538100.0
54) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Let them fend for themselves as best they can (YR5SELVS)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent approach152.8
2) Good approach448.3
3) Fair approach10820.4
4) Poor approach28453.7
5) Not sure7814.7
Missing54 
TOTAL529100.0
55) The new welfare law places a lifetime limit of 5 years on receiving welfare benefits. What is your opinion of the following possible ways for society to deal with people who have reached the 5-year limit and still have no income or resources? - Other (specify) (YR5OTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Deal with each person individually1316.9
2) Industry/Business/Government should step in56.5
3) Industry/Business/Government should help through incentive1114.3
4) Provide/make work33.9
5) Provide training/education1013.0
6) Co-op community approach56.5
7) Provide funds to private charities45.2
8) Church involvement11.3
9) Response not applicable2532.5
Missing506 
TOTAL77100.0
56) Based on all that you know or have heard, which one statement below comes closest to your overall opinion of the new welfare law? (OVEROPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent changes; definitely a major shift for the better.10418.6
2) Many good provisions, but could be modified a little bit to make it even better.22640.5
3) The old system had some problems, but I'd rather have seen some tinkering with it rather than the massive reorganization that took place.366.5
4) On balance, I'd prefer that we go back to the old system, warts and all.10.2
5) The old system was fine as it was, and we shouldn't have changed it.10.2
6) The old system was bad, but I'd rather have seen it changed in a different way.223.9
7) Don't know enough to have a definite opinion at this time.12021.5
8) Not sure-haven't made up my mind yet.488.6
Missing25 
TOTAL558100.0
57) With welfare reform, much of the role the federal government has occupied in providing welfare will be transferred to the states. Rather than set up their own massive structures to distribute welfare benefits, some states are considering the possibility of contracting with churches and other religious organizations to provide these benefits directly to needy families and individuals. What do you think of this general idea? Is it a good thing for churches and/or other religious bodies to receive money from state government to help poor and other disadvantaged people? (CRCHHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, for individual congregations224.0
2) Yes, for other religious organizations132.4
3) Yes, for both individual congregations and other religious organizations11420.7
4) Not sure12923.4
5) No, not a good idea for churches or religious organizations to accept state money for this purpose27349.5
Missing32 
TOTAL551100.0
58) In your opinion, would a contract between state government and a religious body to provide welfare services be in violation of the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment provision to provide for separation between church and state? (FSTAMEND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely12923.0
2) Yes, probably17030.2
3) Not sure14926.5
4) No, probably not7613.5
5) No, definitely not386.8
Missing21 
TOTAL562100.0
59) Do religious organizations in general have sufficient financial and other resources necessary to step in and significantly increase help to the poor, if that were necessary? (RELFUNDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely315.4
2) Yes, probably9616.7
3) Not sure7112.3
4) No, probably not31454.5
5) No, definitely not6411.1
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
60) What about your own congregation? Does it have sufficient resources to significantly increase its help to the poor in your community? (CONGRSRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely498.5
2) Yes, probably13623.6
3) Not sure7813.5
4) No, probably not22839.6
5) No, definitely not8514.8
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
61) How much money do you think your congregation is able to add to the annual budget to help in this way? (Estimate a dollar amount) (CONGAMT)
TOTAL%
0) 3312.7
4) 10.4
40) 10.4
100) 10.4
200) 51.9
300) 10.4
500) 83.1
600) 10.4
1000) 197.3
1200) 10.4
1500) 20.8
2000) 135.0
2400) 10.4
3000) 62.3
3500) 10.4
5000) 2710.4
6000) 20.8
7500) 10.4
8000) 20.8
10000) 5019.3
12000) 20.8
13500) 10.4
14000) 10.4
15000) 51.9
20000) 145.4
25000) 93.5
30000) 83.1
40000) 31.2
45000) 10.4
50000) 155.8
60000) 31.2
70000) 10.4
75000) 20.8
99999) 186.9
Missing324 
TOTAL259100.0
62) Do you think there would be widespread consensus among members in your church to help in this way? (CONGCNSN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely223.8
2) Yes, probably17931.1
3) Not sure21236.9
4) No, probably not14024.3
5) No, definitely not223.8
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
63) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Child care (MINKIDCR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked36161.9
1) Not checked22238.1
TOTAL583100.0
64) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Counseling (MINCOUNS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked34759.5
1) Not checked23640.5
TOTAL583100.0
65) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Elder care (MINELDCR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked43073.8
1) Not checked15326.2
TOTAL583100.0
66) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - English as a second language(ESL) (MINESL)
TOTAL%
0) Checked54192.8
1) Not checked427.2
TOTAL583100.0
67) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Food and nutrition (MINFOOD)
TOTAL%
0) Checked19934.1
1) Not checked38465.9
TOTAL583100.0
68) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Health and hygiene (MINHLTH)
TOTAL%
0) Checked48983.9
1) Not checked9416.1
TOTAL583100.0
69) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Hospice (MINHOSPC)
TOTAL%
0) Checked48382.8
1) Not checked10017.2
TOTAL583100.0
70) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Housing (MINHOUS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked38065.2
1) Not checked20334.8
TOTAL583100.0
71) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Job training (MINJOBTR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked55595.2
1) Not checked284.8
TOTAL583100.0
72) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Life skills (MINSKILS)
TOTAL%
0) Checked51888.9
1) Not checked6511.1
TOTAL583100.0
73) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Literacy (MINLTRCY)
TOTAL%
0) Checked49084.0
1) Not checked9316.0
TOTAL583100.0
74) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Mentoring (MINMENTR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked47080.6
1) Not checked11319.4
TOTAL583100.0
75) In what ministries are you or your congregation involved that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? - Tutoring (MINTUTOR)
TOTAL%
0) Checked45678.2
1) Not checked12721.8
TOTAL583100.0
76) Are any members of your congregation (including yourself) regularly involved as volunteers in programs that address the needs of the poor in your community or area? (VOLPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44080.0
2) No234.2
3) Not sure8715.8
Missing33 
TOTAL550100.0
77) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through the congregation? (VOL1CONG)
TOTAL%
0) Not Checked24141.3
1) Checked34258.7
TOTAL583100.0
78) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through ecumenical, interfaith, or other religious organizations in the community? (VOL1REL)
TOTAL%
0) Not Checked28849.4
1) Checked29550.6
TOTAL583100.0
79) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through other (i.e., non-church) community organizations, such as the United Way, Red Cross, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, etc.? (VOL1COMM)
TOTAL%
0) Not Checked27947.9
1) Checked30452.1
TOTAL583100.0
80) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through local, state, or federal governments? (VOL1GOV)
TOTAL%
0) Not Checked50887.1
1) Checked7512.9
TOTAL583100.0
81) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through school-based programs? (VOL1SCHL)
TOTAL%
0) Not Checked42873.4
1) Checked15526.6
TOTAL583100.0
82) (Asked only of respondents who answered "Yes" to VOLPOOR). Is their work through other entities? (VOL1OTHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not Checked51287.8
1) Checked7112.2
TOTAL583100.0
83) Because of sickness, unemployment, or any other reason, did you ever receive any form of welfare, unemployment insurance, or other aid from government agencies? (RECVAID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11520.5
2) No44379.0
3) Not sure30.5
Missing22 
TOTAL561100.0
84) Have you personally ever received income form Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (RECVAFDC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes315.5
2) No52693.6
3) Not sure50.9
Missing21 
TOTAL562100.0
85) What about your children, parents, other close relatives or members of your immediate family, do any of them currently receive AFDC, General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (FAMAFDC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7713.7
2) No47384.3
3) Not sure112.0
Missing22 
TOTAL561100.0
86) Are there other individuals in your congregation who currently receive any government assistance, such as AFDC, General Assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamps, or Medicaid? (INDIVGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, many122.2
2) Yes, some9717.5
3) Yes, but only a few9016.2
4) Not sure32558.6
5) No315.6
Missing28 
TOTAL555100.0
87) In addition, have you ever found yourself: homeless? (HOMELESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes71.3
2) No54198.7
Missing35 
TOTAL548100.0
88) In addition, have you ever found yourself: living in poverty? (POVERTY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes427.7
2) No50492.3
Missing37 
TOTAL546100.0
89) In addition, have you ever found yourself: completely broke (whether or not you declared bankruptcy)? (BROKE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6812.4
2) No48187.6
Missing34 
TOTAL549100.0
90) In addition, have you ever found yourself: receiving food through a church or community food pantry? (RECVFOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes213.8
2) No52996.2
Missing33 
TOTAL550100.0
91) Please use the space below to make any additional comments. (ADCOMNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Balanced-neutral105.8
2) For welfare reform4928.7
3) Against welfare reform74.1
4) Bemoans lack of knowledge-info on subject179.9
5) Technical critique127.0
6) Explication of response to earlier question63.5
7) Personal story1810.5
9) All other5230.4
Missing412 
TOTAL171100.0
92) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) 583100.0
TOTAL583100.0
93) Old code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5831086.63620
94) Members (SAMP)
TOTAL%
2) Member583100.0
TOTAL583100.0
95) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? (YEARSMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL57119.52517
96) How far do you live from your congregation? (FARLIVE)
TOTAL%
0) Less than one mile20.4
1) 13824.6
2) 12021.4
3) 6711.9
4) 498.7
5) 539.4
6) 173.0
7) 183.2
8) 193.4
9) 30.5
10) 325.7
11) 30.5
12) 40.7
13) 20.4
14) 30.5
15) 122.1
17) 20.4
18) 20.4
20) 61.1
23) 10.2
25) 20.4
27) 10.2
30) 10.2
35) 20.4
99) Ninety-nine miles or more20.4
Missing22 
TOTAL561100.0
97) How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (ATTNDSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never61.0
2) Less than once a year61.0
3) Once or twice a year122.1
4) Several times a year366.2
5) Once a month295.0
6) Two to three times a month9416.2
7) Nearly every week25443.9
8) Every week14224.5
Missing4 
TOTAL579100.0
98) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you attend? (MEMMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5052373.0613634
99) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No37565.6
2) Yes19734.4
Missing11 
TOTAL572100.0
100) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDELDER) Are you now serving on session? (SRVELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No21293.8
2) Yes146.2
Missing357 
TOTAL226100.0
101) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No37565.8
2) Yes19534.2
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
102) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDDECON) Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (SRVDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No18782.4
2) Yes4017.6
Missing356 
TOTAL227100.0
103) Do you hold the following position in church? - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCHAIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52790.4
1) Checked569.6
TOTAL583100.0
104) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSFORCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked39667.9
1) Checked18732.1
TOTAL583100.0
105) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSPRSBY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56496.7
1) Checked193.3
TOTAL583100.0
106) Do you hold the following position in church? - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSOFFCR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked47882.0
1) Checked10518.0
TOTAL583100.0
107) Do you hold the following position in church? - Organist or choir director (POSORGST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57197.9
1) Checked122.1
TOTAL583100.0
108) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of choir (POSCHOIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49084.0
1) Checked9316.0
TOTAL583100.0
109) Do you hold the following position in church? - Other (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51788.7
1) Checked6611.3
TOTAL583100.0
110) Do you hold the following position in church? - Sunday school teacher (POSTCHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54293.0
1) Checked417.0
TOTAL583100.0
111) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (NOTJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked47180.8
1) Checked11219.2
TOTAL583100.0
112) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was traveling on business over a weekend and didn't get home in time. (NOTTRVL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked48983.9
1) Checked9416.1
TOTAL583100.0
113) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was ill. (NOTILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked32555.8
1) Checked25744.2
Missing1 
TOTAL582100.0
114) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (NOTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43474.4
1) Checked14925.6
TOTAL583100.0
115) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was away on vacation. (NOTVACAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked12621.6
1) Checked45778.4
TOTAL583100.0
116) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (NOTTIME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked45878.6
1) Checked12521.4
TOTAL583100.0
117) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I just didn't feel like going. (NOTFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked42572.9
1) Checked15827.1
TOTAL583100.0
118) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - The weather was bad. (NOTWETHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49484.7
1) Checked8915.3
TOTAL583100.0
119) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I overslept (NOTSLEEP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54593.5
1) Checked386.5
TOTAL583100.0
120) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had guests from out-of-town. (NOTGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41571.2
1) Checked16828.8
TOTAL583100.0
121) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I decided to do something else that day. (NOTELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44876.8
1) Checked13523.2
TOTAL583100.0
122) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Other (NOTOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56596.9
1) Checked183.1
TOTAL583100.0
123) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Negative view of something (NOTNEGVW)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57197.9
1) Checked122.1
TOTAL583100.0
124) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Family or marital change (NOTFAMCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58099.5
1) Checked30.5
TOTAL583100.0
125) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Went to another church (NOTOTHCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57097.8
1) Checked132.2
TOTAL583100.0
126) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Lack of transportation (NOTTRANS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57999.3
1) Checked40.7
TOTAL583100.0
127) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended church school, include those hours here.) (HRSPROGS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours13323.2
2) One to two hours11019.2
3) Three to five hours14324.9
4) Six to ten hours10418.1
5) Eleven to twenty hours6411.1
6) More than twenty hours203.5
Missing9 
TOTAL574100.0
128) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event. (HRSVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours20336.2
2) One to two hours11620.7
3) Three to five hours12321.9
4) Six to ten hours7513.4
5) Eleven to twenty hours254.5
6) More than twenty hours193.4
Missing22 
TOTAL561100.0
129) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church. (HRSEVNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours29052.8
2) One to two hours12021.9
3) Three to five hours7914.4
4) Six to ten hours417.5
5) Eleven to twenty hours81.5
6) More than twenty hours112.0
Missing34 
TOTAL549100.0
130) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work). (HRSCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours21639.2
2) One to two hours12422.5
3) Three to five hours10118.3
4) Six to ten hours468.3
5) Eleven to twenty hours366.5
6) More than twenty hours285.1
Missing32 
TOTAL551100.0
131) Compared to two years ago, do you think you participate in church activities more, less, or about the same amount as you did then? (ACT2YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Participate more12721.9
2) About the same participation29450.7
3) Participate less14825.5
4) Not applicable111.9
Missing3 
TOTAL580100.0
132) How likely is it that you will be a part of your current congregation five years from now? (ACT5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely35661.4
2) Likely10818.6
3) Not sure7312.6
4) Not at all likely152.6
5) Not very likely284.8
Missing3 
TOTAL580100.0
133) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: moving away from this area/community. (LVAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Very important2257.9
2) Important513.2
3) Not very important513.2
4) Not at all important615.8
Missing545 
TOTAL38100.0
134) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: too much conflict in the congregation. (LVCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important721.9
2) Important39.4
3) Not very important618.8
4) Not at all important1650.0
Missing551 
TOTAL32100.0
135) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't really fit in with most people here. (LVFITIN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important38.8
2) Important823.5
3) Not very important514.7
4) Not at all important1852.9
Missing549 
TOTAL34100.0
136) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I'm marrying and will switch to my spouse's church. (LVSPOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important13.7
3) Not very important27.4
4) Not at all important2488.9
Missing556 
TOTAL27100.0
137) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't like the programs that it currently offers. (LVPRGRMS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important310.3
2) Important620.7
3) Not very important413.8
4) Not at all important1655.2
Missing554 
TOTAL29100.0
138) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: the worship services often do not satisfy spiritual needs. (LVSPIRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1544.1
2) Important514.7
3) Not very important25.9
4) Not at all important1235.3
Missing549 
TOTAL34100.0
139) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't appreciate the pastor(s). (LVPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important825.0
2) Important515.6
3) Not very important412.5
4) Not at all important1546.9
Missing551 
TOTAL32100.0
140) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I've been drifting away from church and I think that will continue. (LVDRIFT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important310.3
2) Important827.6
3) Not very important26.9
4) Not at all important1655.2
Missing554 
TOTAL29100.0
141) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: others. (LVOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Age/health concerns1152.4
2) Denomination628.6
3) All else419.0
Missing562 
TOTAL21100.0
142) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No23139.8
2) Yes35060.2
Missing2 
TOTAL581100.0
143) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL38329.19121
144) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49385.3
1) Checked8514.7
Missing5 
TOTAL578100.0
145) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56096.2
1) Checked223.8
Missing1 
TOTAL582100.0
146) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56096.1
1) Checked233.9
TOTAL583100.0
147) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58099.5
1) Checked30.5
TOTAL583100.0
148) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54293.1
1) Checked406.9
Missing1 
TOTAL582100.0
149) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked45077.2
1) Checked13322.8
TOTAL583100.0
150) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked56897.4
1) Checked152.6
TOTAL583100.0
151) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55795.5
1) Checked264.5
TOTAL583100.0
152) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54994.2
1) Checked345.8
TOTAL583100.0
153) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52389.7
1) Checked6010.3
TOTAL583100.0
154) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never8414.9
2) Less than once a year223.9
3) Once or twice a year5710.1
4) Several times a year396.9
5) About once a month254.4
6) Two to three times a month417.3
7) Nearly every week13423.8
8) Every week13323.7
9) Don't know/not applicable274.8
Missing21 
TOTAL562100.0
155) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never427.5
2) Less than once a year152.7
3) Once or twice a year305.4
4) Several times a year427.5
5) About once a month254.5
6) Two to three times a month5810.4
7) Nearly every week17531.3
8) Every week16229.0
9) Don't know/not applicable101.8
Missing24 
TOTAL559100.0
156) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, please choose the denomination that influenced you the most.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist5710.1
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)152.7
3) Episcopalian142.5
4) Friends (Quaker)20.4
5) Lutheran315.5
6) Methodist9717.1
7) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA24643.5
8) Reformed101.8
9) Roman Catholic203.5
10) UCC (United Church of Christ/Congregational)142.5
11) None101.8
12) Other498.7
99) More than one selected10.2
Missing17 
TOTAL566100.0
157) Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (CONGRAIS)
TOTAL%
1) No50486.6
2) Yes7813.4
Missing1 
TOTAL582100.0
158) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative457.9
2) Conservative18131.7
3) Moderate26746.8
4) Liberal6611.6
5) Very liberal122.1
Missing12 
TOTAL571100.0
159) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal savior? (SAVIOR)
TOTAL%
1) No21236.7
2) Yes36563.3
Missing6 
TOTAL577100.0
160) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVRSN)
TOTAL%
1) No30353.3
2) Yes26646.7
Missing14 
TOTAL569100.0
161) Which of the following statements best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.10.2
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.16128.0
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.22939.8
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.11620.2
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.6110.6
9) More than one selected71.2
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
162) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No396.9
2) Yes43776.8
3) Not sure9316.3
Missing14 
TOTAL569100.0
163) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No10418.1
2) Yes30152.4
3) Not sure16929.4
Missing9 
TOTAL574100.0
164) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Reading and studying the Bible regularly. (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential15326.8
2) Very important19934.9
3) Somewhat important18732.7
4) Not at all important325.6
Missing12 
TOTAL571100.0
165) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential26045.5
2) Very important19834.6
3) Somewhat important10818.9
4) Not at all important61.0
Missing11 
TOTAL572100.0
166) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential7713.6
2) Very important22139.1
3) Somewhat important23040.7
4) Not at all important376.5
Missing18 
TOTAL565100.0
167) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential17029.8
2) Very important31655.4
3) Somewhat important8414.7
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
168) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential16829.5
2) Very important26246.0
3) Somewhat important12622.1
4) Not at all important142.5
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
169) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential10017.8
2) Very important23742.2
3) Somewhat important18733.3
4) Not at all important386.8
Missing21 
TOTAL562100.0
170) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential39768.8
2) Very important15026.0
3) Somewhat important264.5
4) Not at all important40.7
Missing6 
TOTAL577100.0
171) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCIA)
TOTAL%
1) Essential9516.9
2) Very important23241.4
3) Somewhat important19835.3
4) Not at all important366.4
Missing22 
TOTAL561100.0
172) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential11319.8
2) Very important25544.7
3) Somewhat important17630.9
4) Not at all important264.6
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
173) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential22439.2
2) Very important30353.1
3) Somewhat important437.5
4) Not important at all10.2
Missing12 
TOTAL571100.0
174) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential9817.4
2) Very important26346.6
3) Somewhat important18031.9
4) Not at all important234.1
Missing19 
TOTAL564100.0
175) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - An active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential12722.4
2) Very important22740.1
3) Somewhat important17631.1
4) Not at all important366.4
Missing17 
TOTAL566100.0
176) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential9817.5
2) Very important20737.0
3) Somewhat important16930.2
4) Not at all important8615.4
Missing23 
TOTAL560100.0
177) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5810.3
2) Agree13824.5
3) Not sure7613.5
4) Disagree23541.7
5) Strongly disagree5710.1
Missing19 
TOTAL564100.0
178) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree457.9
2) Agree17230.2
3) Not sure9316.3
4) Disagree14926.1
5) Strongly disagree11119.5
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
179) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34259.8
2) Agree15527.1
3) Not sure7012.2
4) Disagree40.7
5) Strongly disagree10.2
Missing11 
TOTAL572100.0
180) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26145.8
2) Agree15527.2
3) Not sure9116.0
4) Disagree529.1
5) Strongly disagree111.9
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
181) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16428.5
2) Agree10618.4
3) Not sure14425.0
4) Disagree12020.8
5) Strongly disagree427.3
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
182) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree335.9
2) Agree8314.8
3) Not sure7513.4
4) Disagree18533.1
5) Strongly disagree18332.7
Missing24 
TOTAL559100.0
183) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree234.0
2) Agree8615.1
3) Not sure8515.0
4) Disagree29451.8
5) Strongly disagree8014.1
Missing15 
TOTAL568100.0
184) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14625.4
2) Agree31755.2
3) Not sure549.4
4) Disagree539.2
5) Strongly disagree40.7
Missing9 
TOTAL574100.0
185) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree183.2
2) Agree9717.0
3) Not sure14725.8
4) Disagree18532.5
5) Strongly disagree12321.6
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
186) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ in only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree539.3
2) Agree13624.0
3) Not sure8915.7
4) Disagree14826.1
5) Strongly disagree14124.9
Missing16 
TOTAL567100.0
187) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17630.6
2) Agree19433.7
3) Not sure13523.5
4) Disagree427.3
5) Strongly disagree284.9
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
188) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27147.1
2) Agree19133.2
3) Not sure9316.2
4) Disagree122.1
5) Strongly disagree81.4
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
189) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26445.8
2) Agree16929.3
3) Not sure12521.7
4) Disagree142.4
5) Strongly disagree50.9
Missing6 
TOTAL577100.0
190) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No31454.6
2) Yes19734.3
3) Not sure6411.1
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
191) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: drinks alcohol in moderation. (ACTALCL)
TOTAL%
1) Admire111.9
2) Think is all right42874.3
3) Mildly disapprove10017.4
4) Highly disapprove376.4
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
192) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is very ambitious. (ACTAMBT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire14325.3
2) Think is all right36865.0
3) Mildly disapprove539.4
4) Highly disapprove20.4
Missing17 
TOTAL566100.0
193) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is satisfied with her/his lot in life. (ACTSAT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire18131.9
2) Think is all right33759.4
3) Mildly disapprove457.9
4) Highly disapprove40.7
Missing16 
TOTAL567100.0
194) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives together in a heterosexual relationship outside of marriage. (ACTTOGT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire71.2
2) Think is all right9616.6
3) Mildly disapprove23440.6
4) Highly disapprove24041.6
Missing6 
TOTAL577100.0
195) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: thinks s/he is better than others. (ACTBETR)
TOTAL%
2) Think is all right61.0
3) Mildly disapprove13824.1
4) Highly disapprove42874.8
Missing11 
TOTAL572100.0
196) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian. (ACTGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Admire30.5
2) Think is all right10618.5
3) Mildly disapprove14825.8
4) Highly disapprove31755.2
Missing9 
TOTAL574100.0
197) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian as part of a committed couple. (ACTCPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Admire101.8
2) Think is all right12221.5
3) Mildly disapprove13123.1
4) Highly disapprove30453.6
Missing16 
TOTAL567100.0
198) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives her/his faith quietly. (ACTQUET)
TOTAL%
1) Admire20736.1
2) Think is all right32356.4
3) Mildly disapprove366.3
4) Highly disapprove71.2
Missing10 
TOTAL573100.0
199) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: cheats on her/his income tax. (ACTTAX)
TOTAL%
1) Admire10.2
2) Think is all right30.5
3) Mildly disapprove13022.6
4) Highly disapprove44276.7
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
200) At its 1996 meeting, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) approved the following amendment to the church's constitution, and sent it to the presbyteries for a vote: "Those who are called to office in the church are to lead a life in obedience to Scripture and in conformity to the historic confessional standards of the church. Among these standards is the requirement to live either in fidelity within the covenant of marriage of a man and a woman, or chastity in singleness. Persons refusing to repent of any self-acknowledged practice which the confessions call sin shall not be ordained and/or installed as deacons, elders, or ministers of the Word and Sacrament." What is your opinion on this proposed amendment? Would you like to see it approved by a majority of the presbyteries, or not? (GEN1996)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely favor approval25244.1
2) Probably favor approval12722.2
3) Not sure478.2
4) Probably do not favor approval8715.2
5) Definitely do not favor approval5910.3
Missing11 
TOTAL572100.0
201) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female36162.1
2) Male22037.9
Missing2 
TOTAL581100.0
202) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL57555.52217
203) Which of the following categories most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm569.8
2) On a farm254.4
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)18131.8
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)8915.6
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city437.6
6) In a large city (over 250,000)6210.9
7) In a suburb near a large city11319.9
Missing14 
TOTAL569100.0
204) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time18834.2
2) Employed part-time6912.6
3) Self-employed397.1
4) Unemployed71.3
5) Retired17531.9
6) Full-time homemaker488.7
7) Student193.5
8) Other (specify)40.7
Missing34 
TOTAL549100.0
205) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time108.3
2) Employed part-time75.8
3) Self-employed1310.7
4) Unemployed10.8
5) Retired3528.9
6) Full-time homemaker3226.4
7) Student1411.6
8) Other (specify)97.4
Missing462 
TOTAL121100.0
206) If you are employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (AVGHOURS)
TOTAL%
0) 82.4
1) 10.3
2) 10.3
3) 10.3
5) 30.9
6) 41.2
7) 10.3
8) 41.2
9) 10.3
10) 82.4
12) 51.5
15) 82.4
16) 41.2
18) 20.6
20) 185.5
21) 10.3
22) 10.3
23) 20.6
24) 72.1
25) 51.5
27) 10.3
28) 20.6
30) 164.8
32) 41.2
35) 113.3
36) 10.3
37) 30.9
38) 10.3
39) 10.3
40) 7623.0
42) 61.8
43) 20.6
44) 10.3
45) 267.9
46) 20.6
47) 51.5
48) 61.8
49) 10.3
50) 4012.1
51) 10.3
52) 30.9
55) 82.4
57) 10.3
58) 10.3
60) 206.1
65) 20.6
70) 10.3
72) 10.3
95) 95 or more10.3
99) Don't know10.3
Missing253 
TOTAL330100.0
207) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married44778.6
2) Not married12221.4
Missing14 
TOTAL569100.0
208) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married5138.9
2) Yes, am now widowed5945.0
3) Yes, am now divorced2015.3
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced10.8
Missing452 
TOTAL131100.0
209) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
15) 10.2
16) 61.2
17) 61.2
18) 122.4
19) 479.2
20) 469.0
21) 6011.8
22) 6412.6
23) 6613.0
24) 448.6
25) 407.9
26) 183.5
27) 305.9
28) 163.1
29) 173.3
30) 81.6
31) 71.4
32) 51.0
33) 10.2
34) 10.2
35) 61.2
36) 20.4
39) 20.4
42) 30.6
49) 10.2
Missing74 
TOTAL509100.0
210) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDEND THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No34881.3
2) Yes, was widowed163.7
3) Yes, was divorced6214.5
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced20.5
Missing155 
TOTAL428100.0
211) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never143.2
2) Less than once a year51.1
3) Once or twice a year276.2
4) Several times a year358.0
5) About once a month286.4
6) Two to three times a month6314.4
7) Nearly every week16938.5
8) Every week9822.3
Missing144 
TOTAL439100.0
212) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) No5412.3
2) Yes38687.7
Missing143 
TOTAL440100.0
213) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE SPOUSE IS NOT A MEMBER OF THE SAME CONGREGATION WHICH THEY BELONG/SERVE) Which statement best describes where your husband or wife attends church? (SPSATTND)
TOTAL%
1) Generally attends the same congregation that I do3046.2
2) Generally attends another congregation1015.4
3) Sometimes attends my congregation, sometimes another46.2
4) Usually does not attend2132.3
Missing518 
TOTAL65100.0
214) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist388.8
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)133.0
3) Episcopalian153.5
4) Friends (Quakers)20.5
5) Lutheran378.5
6) Methodist8419.4
7) Presbyterian14032.3
8) Reformed30.7
9) Roman Catholic4610.6
10) United Church of Christ122.8
11) None133.0
12) Other317.1
Missing149 
TOTAL434100.0
215) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist30.8
3) Episcopalian10.3
6) Methodist61.6
7) Presbyterian33489.8
9) Roman Catholic71.9
10) United Church of Christ10.3
11) None164.3
12) Other41.1
Missing211 
TOTAL372100.0
216) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time17340.9
2) Employed part-time358.3
3) Self-employed378.7
4) Unemployed10.2
5) Retired12529.6
6) Full-time homemaker4610.9
7) Student10.2
8) Other51.2
Missing160 
TOTAL423100.0
217) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time710.4
2) Employed part-time11.5
3) Self-employed1319.4
4) Unemployed11.5
5) Retired1623.9
6) Full-time homemaker1725.4
7) Student57.5
8) Other710.4
Missing516 
TOTAL67100.0
218) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ARE MARRIED) If you husband or wife is employed full-time, part-time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
TOTAL%
0) None124.5
3) 10.4
5) 10.4
8) 20.8
9) 10.4
10) 51.9
13) 10.4
14) 10.4
15) 51.9
16) 10.4
18) 10.4
20) 176.4
21) 10.4
24) 41.5
25) 51.9
30) 72.7
32) 20.8
35) 83.0
36) 20.8
37) 10.4
40) 7227.3
42) 51.9
44) 20.8
45) 228.3
47) 10.4
48) 51.9
50) 4015.2
53) 10.4
55) 83.0
60) 218.0
65) 10.4
68) 10.4
72) 10.4
80) 31.1
84) 10.4
85) 10.4
95) 10.4
Missing319 
TOTAL264100.0
219) How many children have you had? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None10117.6
1) One6611.5
2) Two19834.5
3) Three12922.5
4) Four559.6
5) Five183.1
6) Six40.7
7) Seven20.3
9) Nine or more10.2
Missing9 
TOTAL574100.0
220) What age were you, approximately, when your first child was born? (AGEKID)
TOTAL%
15) 10.2
16) 20.4
17) 30.6
18) 40.8
19) 81.7
20) 234.8
21) 214.4
22) 265.5
23) 418.6
24) 428.8
25) 6112.8
26) 377.8
27) 428.8
28) 275.7
29) 296.1
30) 306.3
31) 163.4
32) 204.2
33) 81.7
34) 122.5
35) 40.8
36) 40.8
37) 40.8
38) 20.4
39) 30.6
40) 20.4
41) 10.2
42) 10.2
46) 10.2
Missing108 
TOTAL475100.0
221) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No54894.6
2) Yes315.4
Missing4 
TOTAL579100.0
222) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One1553.6
2) Two1242.9
3) Three13.6
Missing555 
TOTAL28100.0
223) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No48388.0
2) Yes6612.0
Missing34 
TOTAL549100.0
224) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One2436.9
2) Two1929.2
3) Three1523.1
4) Four46.2
5) Five11.5
6) Six11.5
7) Seven11.5
Missing518 
TOTAL65100.0
225) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university). (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone8314.4
2) Two of us28048.5
3) Three of us9316.1
4) Four of us8514.7
5) Five of us305.2
6) Six of us50.9
7) Seven or more of us10.2
Missing6 
TOTAL577100.0
226) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None8860.3
1) One3826.0
2) Two1812.3
3) Three10.7
4) Four10.7
Missing437 
TOTAL146100.0
227) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None8147.9
1) One6035.5
2) Two2514.8
3) Three31.8
Missing414 
TOTAL169100.0
228) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None7240.9
1) One7944.9
2) Two2212.5
3) Three31.7
Missing407 
TOTAL176100.0
229) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None8067.8
1) One3126.3
2) Two75.9
Missing465 
TOTAL118100.0
230) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None81.5
1) One8014.8
2) Two43079.6
3) Three203.7
4) Four20.4
Missing43 
TOTAL540100.0
231) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone7313.0
2) A single parent, living with one or more children142.5
3) A married couple, no children in household25244.8
4) A married couple, living with one or more children20035.5
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household20.4
6) An unmarried couple, living with one or more children10.2
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children112.0
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children61.1
9) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), no children in household20.4
11) Some other arrangement20.4
Missing20 
TOTAL563100.0
232) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you274.7
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage25444.6
3) Owned by you with a mortgage26346.1
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)264.6
Missing13 
TOTAL570100.0
233) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL58132.15815
234) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None50788.3
1) One457.8
2) Two122.1
3) Three61.0
4) Four30.5
8) Eight10.2
Missing9 
TOTAL574100.0
235) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) None478.2
1) One14625.3
2) Two13723.8
3) Three10718.6
4) Four579.9
5) Five376.4
6) Six264.5
7) Seven101.7
8) Eight61.0
9) Nine20.3
10) Ten10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL576100.0
236) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat13022.6
2) Independent9917.2
3) Republican33057.4
4) Other162.8
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
237) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian54098.9
2) Black or African-American40.7
4) Asian or Pacific Islander10.2
5) Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin10.2
Missing37 
TOTAL546100.0
238) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian3491.9
2) Black or African-American25.4
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native12.7
Missing546 
TOTAL37100.0
239) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them -including yourself- earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None13924.8
1) One12923.0
2) Two21638.6
3) Three427.5
4) Four285.0
5) Five40.7
6) Six10.2
7) Seven10.2
Missing23 
TOTAL560100.0
240) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000101.8
2) $10,000- $14,999203.7
3) $15,000- $19,999295.4
4) $20,000- $29,999509.2
5) $30,000- $39,9997513.9
6) $40,000- $49,9995610.4
7) $50,000- $59,9996311.6
8) $60,000- $69,999397.2
9) $70,000- $79,999417.6
10) $80,000- $89,999387.0
11) $90,000- $99,999193.5
12) $100,000- $124,999437.9
13) $125,000- $149,999183.3
14) $150,000 or more407.4
Missing42 
TOTAL541100.0
241) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, social security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings15728.6
2) 90-99% from earnings11120.2
3) 75-89% from earnings488.7
4) 50-74% from earnings325.8
5) 25-49% from earnings152.7
6) 1-24% from earnings519.3
7) None from earnings13524.6
Missing34 
TOTAL549100.0
242) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5441922.6492147
243) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL378528.361591
244) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL471436.9794704
245) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $019134.7
2) $1-$5012322.3
3) $51-$1006111.1
4) $101-$5008715.8
5) $501-$1,000336.0
6) $1,001-$2,000274.9
7) $2,001 or more295.3
Missing32 
TOTAL551100.0
246) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $0274.8
2) $1-$5010418.6
3) $51-$10010318.4
4) $101-$50017731.6
5) $501-$1,0006611.8
6) $1,001-$2,000346.1
7) $2,001 or more498.8
Missing23 
TOTAL560100.0
247) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast8414.4
2) Midwest22037.7
3) South18131.0
4) West9816.8
TOTAL583100.0
248) Total number of members 1996 (TOTMEM96)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL582704.076715
249) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female36162.1
2) Male22037.9
Missing2 
TOTAL581100.0
250) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married44778.6
2) Not married12221.4
Missing14 
TOTAL569100.0
251) I-REGION: Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast8414.4
2) Midwest22037.7
3) South18131.0
4) West9816.8
TOTAL583100.0
252) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat13022.6
2) Independent9917.2
3) Republican33057.4
4) Other162.8
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0
253) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K5910.9
1) 20K-49,99918133.5
2) 50K-99,99920037.0
3) 100K+10118.7
Missing42 
TOTAL541100.0
254) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian54098.9
2) Black or African American40.7
4) Asian or Pacific Islander10.2
5) Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin10.2
Missing37 
TOTAL546100.0
255) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) <4011720.3
1) 40-4910317.9
2) 50-6414525.2
3) 65+21036.5
Missing8 
TOTAL575100.0