Presbyterian Panel Survey, November 1998 - Science, Technology, and Faith, Clergy

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL112230857.184516
2) Do you believe that science and technology have changed human life for the better or for the worse? (SCICHNGD)
TOTAL%
1) Better55449.5
2) Worse30.3
3) Some of both55950.0
4) No effect30.3
Missing3 
TOTAL1119100.0
3) Which one of these items best describes your general reaction to science and technology? (GENREACT)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfaction or hope39235.4
2) Excitement or wonder65759.3
3) Confusion or ignorance242.2
4) Fear or alarm201.8
5) Indifference or lack of interest141.3
Missing15 
TOTAL1107100.0
4) Overall, would you say that science and technology do more good than harm, more harm than good, or about the same of each? (OVERHARM)
TOTAL%
1) More good88279.0
2) More harm201.8
3) About the same20718.5
4) No opinion80.7
Missing5 
TOTAL1117100.0
5) Do you feel that science and technology change things too fast, too slowly, or just about right? (TECHCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Too fast41737.7
2) Too slowly373.3
3) About right47843.2
4) No opinion17415.7
Missing16 
TOTAL1106100.0
6) Do you feel that the degree of control that society has over science and technology should be increased, decreased, or remain as it is now? (CNTRLSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Should be increased40636.8
2) Should be decreased575.2
3) Remain as it is51847.0
4) No opinion12211.1
Missing19 
TOTAL1103100.0
7) Do you feel that science and technology will eventually solve most problems such as pollution, disease, drug abuse, and crime, some of these problems, or few if any of these problems? (SCISOLVE)
TOTAL%
1) Most of these problems968.6
2) Some of these problems61555.2
3) A few of these problems32329.0
4) None of these problems776.9
5) No opinion30.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
8) Do you agree or disagree?: One of the effects of science is that it breaks down people's ideas of right and wrong. (SCIIDEAS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree211.9
2) Agree11310.1
3) Agree and disagree33730.3
4) Disagree43639.1
5) Strongly disagree17816.0
6) No opinion292.6
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
9) When science and technology cause problems, who is most at fault? (SCIFAULT)
TOTAL%
1) Scientists292.7
2) Technologists and engineers363.3
3) Government decision makers14313.2
4) Business and industry leaders37134.2
5) Some other group24522.6
6) No opinion26024.0
Missing38 
TOTAL1084100.0
10) Do you think the things that happen in this world are fully determined by previous causes or do things happen by chance? (DETRMNED)
TOTAL%
1) All things are determined.14914.0
2) Most things are determined.32230.2
3) About half and half37234.9
4) Most things happen by chance.847.9
5) All things happen by chance.111.0
6) No opinion12812.0
Missing56 
TOTAL1066100.0
11) Do you think the things that happen in this world are mostly controlled by God, or do you think the world runs pretty much by itself? (GODCNTRL)
TOTAL%
1) The world is controlled by God.35132.2
2) Most of the things that happen are controlled by God.19317.7
3) About half and half17816.3
4) The world runs pretty much by itself.20218.5
5) Other (specify:_____)13412.3
6) No opinion322.9
Missing32 
TOTAL1090100.0
12) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Theory of evolution (FAMEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly32629.4
2) Understand it generally74767.4
3) Understand it vaguely343.1
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it10.1
5) Have never heard of it10.1
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0
13) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: The principle of natural selection (FAMNATSL)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly28726.0
2) Understand it generally72265.5
3) Understand it vaguely807.3
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it111.0
5) Have never heard of it30.3
Missing19 
TOTAL1103100.0
14) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Mendel's theory of heredity (FAMMNDEL)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly14613.2
2) Understand it generally47342.9
3) Understand it vaguely25222.8
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it978.8
5) Have never heard of it13512.2
Missing19 
TOTAL1103100.0
15) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Cloning (FAMCLNNG)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly1009.1
2) Understand it generally63657.7
3) Understand it vaguely32329.3
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it393.5
5) Have never heard of it40.4
Missing20 
TOTAL1102100.0
16) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Evolutionary psychology (FAMEVPSY)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly635.8
2) Understand it generally35332.4
3) Understand it vaguely32029.3
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it13512.4
5) Have never heard of it22020.2
Missing31 
TOTAL1091100.0
17) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Big bang theory (FAMBANG)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly21019.0
2) Understand it generally70864.0
3) Understand it vaguely16114.5
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it262.3
5) Have never heard of it20.2
Missing15 
TOTAL1107100.0
18) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Theory of relativity (FAMRELTV)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly928.3
2) Understand it generally51046.3
3) Understand it vaguely38234.7
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it11810.7
Missing20 
TOTAL1102100.0
19) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Quantum mechanics (FAMQUANT)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly403.6
2) Understand it generally19417.5
3) Understand it vaguely33430.2
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it49144.4
5) Have never heard of it474.2
Missing16 
TOTAL1106100.0
20) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Chaos theory (FAMCHAOS)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly464.2
2) Understand it generally28025.3
3) Understand it vaguely38334.6
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it26323.8
5) Have never heard of it13412.1
Missing16 
TOTAL1106100.0
21) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: The Anthropic Principle (FAMANTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly262.4
2) Understand it generally948.5
3) Understand it vaguely16314.7
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it23521.2
5) Have never heard of it58853.2
Missing16 
TOTAL1106100.0
22) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Second law of thermodynamics (entropy) (FAM2NDLW)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly847.6
2) Understand it generally29326.4
3) Understand it vaguely27124.4
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it30827.7
5) Have never heard of it15413.9
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
23) Which statement comes closest to your opinions on gene therapy, that is, medical treatment which alters the genetic makeup of a cell? (GNTHERPY)
TOTAL%
1) Gene therapy is appropriate on any cell in the body.37734.3
2) Gene therapy is appropriate only on cells that are not involved with producing the next generation.25923.6
3) Gene therapy is appropriate only on those cells involved in producing the next generation (i.e., sperm and egg cells).262.4
4) Gene therapy is not appropriate on any cells.252.3
5) Not sure41137.4
Missing24 
TOTAL1098100.0
24) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science address fundamentally different realms (e.g., supernatural/natural, eternal/temporal, spiritual/physical). (SCREALMS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree837.5
2) Agree15414.0
3) Tend to agree19217.4
4) Tend to disagree20018.1
5) Disagree23821.6
6) Strongly disagree22720.6
7) Not sure80.7
Missing20 
TOTAL1102100.0
25) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science address fundamentally different types of knowledge (e.g., values/facts, revelation/empirical observation). (SCKNWLDG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1099.9
2) Agree30027.3
3) Tend to agree30327.5
4) Tend to disagree15514.1
5) Disagree13412.2
6) Strongly disagree948.5
7) Not sure50.5
Missing22 
TOTAL1100100.0
26) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science use fundamentally different methods and languages (e.g., faith/reason, revelation/experiment, why/how). (SCMTHODS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12711.5
2) Agree35932.6
3) Tend to agree37233.8
4) Tend to disagree1089.8
5) Disagree847.6
6) Strongly disagree444.0
7) Not sure60.5
Missing22 
TOTAL1100100.0
27) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science have fundamentally different objects of concern (e.g., God/nature, the soul/the body). (SCOBJCTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree807.3
2) Agree17015.5
3) Tend to agree20818.9
4) Tend to disagree26924.5
5) Disagree24822.5
6) Strongly disagree11910.8
7) Not sure60.5
Missing22 
TOTAL1100100.0
28) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science use similar methods but focus on different objects (e.g., both require faith, both require personal commitment, both use reason). (SCSIMMTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1049.5
2) Agree28626.1
3) Tend to agree35232.1
4) Tend to disagree15213.9
5) Disagree14713.4
6) Strongly disagree272.5
7) Not sure272.5
Missing27 
TOTAL1095100.0
29) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science adopt similar approaches to the same aspects of reality (e.g., the Creation). (SCREALTY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree272.5
2) Agree908.2
3) Tend to agree18016.5
4) Tend to disagree34931.9
5) Disagree32129.4
6) Strongly disagree817.4
7) Not sure454.1
Missing29 
TOTAL1093100.0
30) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science influence one another constructively. (SCINFLNC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree988.9
2) Agree32229.3
3) Tend to agree46141.9
4) Tend to disagree11910.8
5) Disagree534.8
6) Strongly disagree60.5
7) Not sure403.6
Missing23 
TOTAL1099100.0
31) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Science provides support for specific theological doctrines (e.g., the Creation). (SCSCISUP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree534.9
2) Agree20819.0
3) Tend to agree36233.2
4) Tend to disagree20518.8
5) Disagree15314.0
6) Strongly disagree736.7
7) Not sure383.5
Missing30 
TOTAL1092100.0
32) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology can be derived from science or can be a science. (SCTHESCI)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree242.2
2) Agree11410.4
3) Tend to agree18817.2
4) Tend to disagree25923.7
5) Disagree30828.2
6) Strongly disagree13912.7
7) Not sure615.6
Missing29 
TOTAL1093100.0
33) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science are inevitably in conflict with one another. (SCCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50.5
2) Agree151.4
3) Tend to agree494.5
4) Tend to disagree26424.2
5) Disagree40837.3
6) Strongly disagree34431.5
7) Not sure80.7
Missing29 
TOTAL1093100.0
34) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science depend upon one another (e.g., without theology, science would be meaningless; without science, theology would be irrelevant). (SCDEPEND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree988.9
2) Agree24922.7
3) Tend to agree36032.8
4) Tend to disagree16214.8
5) Disagree13612.4
6) Strongly disagree555.0
7) Not sure373.4
Missing25 
TOTAL1097100.0
35) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science can be integrated to form a single unified system of understanding. (SCINTEGR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12111.0
2) Agree24522.3
3) Tend to agree34331.3
4) Tend to disagree17516.0
5) Disagree12111.0
6) Strongly disagree333.0
7) Not sure595.4
Missing25 
TOTAL1097100.0
36) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The center of the Earth is very hot. (TFCTRHOT)
TOTAL%
1) True105395.6
2) False494.4
Missing20 
TOTAL1102100.0
37) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - All radioactivity is man-made. (TFRADACT)
TOTAL%
1) True222.0
2) False108198.0
Missing19 
TOTAL1103100.0
38) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The oxygen we breathe comes from plants. (TFOXYGEN)
TOTAL%
1) True99189.8
2) False11210.2
Missing19 
TOTAL1103100.0
39) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - It is the father's chromosome which decides whether the baby is a boy or a girl. (TFCHRMSM)
TOTAL%
1) True96988.8
2) False12211.2
Missing31 
TOTAL1091100.0
40) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Lasers work by focusing sound waves. (TFLASERS)
TOTAL%
1) True17316.0
2) False90584.0
Missing44 
TOTAL1078100.0
41) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Electrons are smaller than atoms. (TFELCTRN)
TOTAL%
1) True96388.1
2) False13011.9
Missing29 
TOTAL1093100.0
42) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Antibiotics kill viruses as well as bacteria. (TFVIRUS)
TOTAL%
1) True18316.7
2) False91683.3
Missing23 
TOTAL1099100.0
43) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The universe began with a huge explosion. (TFBGBANG)
TOTAL%
1) True74169.8
2) False32130.2
Missing60 
TOTAL1062100.0
44) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The continents on which we live have been moving their location for millions of years and will continue to move in the future. (TFCONTNT)
TOTAL%
1) True104495.3
2) False524.7
Missing26 
TOTAL1096100.0
45) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (TFANIMLS)
TOTAL%
1) True71466.0
2) False36734.0
Missing41 
TOTAL1081100.0
46) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Cigarette smoking causes lung cancer. (TFCANCER)
TOTAL%
1) True105595.9
2) False454.1
Missing22 
TOTAL1100100.0
47) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The earliest humans lived at the same time as dinosaurs. (TFDINOS)
TOTAL%
1) True21819.9
2) False87580.1
Missing29 
TOTAL1093100.0
48) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - To be a faithful Christian I need to keep up with recent developments in science and technology. (AGRECDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19817.8
2) Agree36632.9
3) Tend to agree33329.9
4) Tend to disagree918.2
5) Disagree968.6
6) Strongly disagree181.6
7) Not sure100.9
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
49) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - To be a faithful Christian I need to actively engage in theological discussion and reflection on developments in science and technology. (AGDISCUS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23220.9
2) Agree37934.1
3) Tend to agree30527.4
4) Tend to disagree887.9
5) Disagree867.7
6) Strongly disagree131.2
7) Not sure90.8
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
50) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - The Universe was created by God. (AGUNIVRS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree83675.5
2) Agree21519.4
3) Tend to agree383.4
4) Tend to disagree30.3
5) Disagree40.4
6) Strongly disagree20.2
7) Not sure100.9
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
51) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Evolutionary theory is compatible with the idea of God as Creator. (AGEVOLTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44940.3
2) Agree39035.0
3) Tend to agree12211.0
4) Tend to disagree625.6
5) Disagree373.3
6) Strongly disagree454.0
7) Not sure80.7
Missing9 
TOTAL1113100.0
52) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - My personal faith in God has been strengthened by some of the discoveries of science. (AGFAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34030.5
2) Agree50145.0
3) Tend to agree16815.1
4) Tend to disagree423.8
5) Disagree312.8
6) Strongly disagree80.7
7) Not sure242.2
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
53) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Each human being has an eternal soul created by God. (AGSOUL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree61455.4
2) Agree24622.2
3) Tend to agree787.0
4) Tend to disagree484.3
5) Disagree534.8
6) Strongly disagree353.2
7) Not sure353.2
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0
54) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Our minds can be understood entirely through biochemistry and other science, without reference to a soul. (AGBIOCHM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree131.2
2) Agree373.3
3) Tend to agree484.3
4) Tend to disagree18416.5
5) Disagree34130.7
6) Strongly disagree47242.4
7) Not sure171.5
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
55) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Human consciousness will one day be entirely explained by science as the workings of natural processes. (AGNATURL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree211.9
2) Agree161.4
3) Tend to agree514.6
4) Tend to disagree19017.1
5) Disagree37533.7
6) Strongly disagree41837.6
7) Not sure413.7
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
56) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Life is so complex that it has to be the deliberate outcome of an intelligent design. (AGCMPLEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44740.3
2) Agree31528.4
3) Tend to agree23120.8
4) Tend to disagree494.4
5) Disagree353.2
6) Strongly disagree80.7
7) Not sure252.3
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
57) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Humans usurp God's role as Creator when we try to clone a human being. (AGCLONE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15213.7
2) Agree17215.5
3) Tend to agree25322.8
4) Tend to disagree21519.4
5) Disagree15413.9
6) Strongly disagree706.3
7) Not sure928.3
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
58) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - God may suspend the laws of the universe to intervene in human affairs. (AGGODLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27825.2
2) Agree26924.4
3) Tend to agree19617.8
4) Tend to disagree13712.4
5) Disagree11810.7
6) Strongly disagree585.3
7) Not sure484.3
Missing18 
TOTAL1104100.0
59) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - God controls the fate of the universe. (AGGDFATE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50045.3
2) Agree28726.0
3) Tend to agree14613.2
4) Tend to disagree716.4
5) Disagree514.6
6) Strongly disagree161.4
7) Not sure333.0
Missing18 
TOTAL1104100.0
60) Which travels faster: light or sound? (TRVLFAST)
TOTAL%
1) Light108297.7
2) Sound262.3
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
61) What causes the seasons? (SEASONS)
TOTAL%
1) Changes in the distance between the Earth and the Sun14513.4
2) The tilt of the Earth's axis of rotation93986.6
Missing38 
TOTAL1084100.0
62) How long does it take for the Earth to revolve around the Sun? (LONGSUN)
TOTAL%
1) One day11010.1
2) One month282.6
3) One year94887.3
Missing36 
TOTAL1086100.0
63) How old is the Universe? (OLDUNVRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 billion111.2
2) 2 billion141.5
3) 3 billion181.9
4) 4 billion353.8
5) 5 billion363.9
6) 6 billion171.8
7) 7 billion60.6
8) 8 billion80.9
9) 9 billion80.9
10) 10 billion242.6
11) 11 billion30.3
12) 12 billion101.1
13) 13 billion111.2
14) 14 billion111.2
15) 15 billion424.5
16) 16 billion30.3
17) 17 billion60.6
18) 18 billion60.6
20) 20 billion70.8
21) 21 billion or more515.5
25) Billions21222.8
30) 10,000 years or fewer232.5
31) 10,001-999,999 years50.5
32) 1-999,999,999 millions10010.7
99) No idea - only God knows26428.4
Missing191 
TOTAL931100.0
64) Use the space below to briefly describe, in your own words, what is DNA? (DNA)
TOTAL%
1) Textbook-dictionary definition15916.3
2) Vague but accurate definition47949.0
3) Too vague to be meaningful29129.8
4) Inaccurate-wrong definition495.0
Missing144 
TOTAL978100.0
65) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Nature. (TVSCINAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked75867.6
1) Checked36432.4
TOTAL1122100.0
66) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Nova. (TVSCINOV)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked75267.0
1) Checked37033.0
TOTAL1122100.0
67) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: National Geographic Specials. (TVSCINGS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked59252.8
1) Checked53047.2
TOTAL1122100.0
68) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Bill Nye the Science Guy. (TVSCIBN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked98287.5
1) Checked14012.5
TOTAL1122100.0
69) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Scientific American Frontiers. (TVSCISAF)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked107395.6
1) Checked494.4
TOTAL1122100.0
70) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Discovery Channel. (TVSCIDIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54948.9
1) Checked57351.1
TOTAL1122100.0
71) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Other (specify). (TVSCIOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked103892.6
1) Other checked524.6
8) The Learning Channel312.8
Missing1 
TOTAL1121100.0
72) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Natural History. (SCIMAGNH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked109597.6
1) Checked272.4
TOTAL1122100.0
73) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Scientific American. (SCIMAGSA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked107996.2
1) Checked433.8
TOTAL1122100.0
74) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Nature. (SCIMAGNA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked110098.0
1) Checked222.0
TOTAL1122100.0
75) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Science Digest. (SCIMAGSD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked111799.6
1) Checked50.4
TOTAL1122100.0
76) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Science News. (SCIMAGSN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked111499.3
1) Checked80.7
TOTAL1122100.0
77) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Smithsonian. (SCIMAGSM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked89980.1
1) Checked22319.9
TOTAL1122100.0
78) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Discover. (SCIMAGDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked108096.3
1) Checked423.7
TOTAL1122100.0
79) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Psychology Today. (SCIMAGPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked105193.7
1) Checked716.3
TOTAL1122100.0
80) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Popular Mechanics. (SCIMAGPM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked109397.4
1) Checked292.6
TOTAL1122100.0
81) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Science. (SCIMAGSC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked111199.0
1) Checked111.0
TOTAL1122100.0
82) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Omni. (SCIMAGOM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked111098.9
1) Checked121.1
TOTAL1122100.0
83) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Other (specify). (SCIMAGOR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked100189.4
1) Checked585.2
3) National Geographic575.1
4) Popular Science40.4
Missing2 
TOTAL1120100.0
84) Have you yourself read any books on science or scientific topics in the last year? (SCIBOOK)
TOTAL%
1) No77276.1
2) Yes24223.9
Missing108 
TOTAL1014100.0
85) Have you yourself read any books on science and religion in the last year? (BKSCIREL)
TOTAL%
1) No80980.3
2) Yes19819.7
Missing115 
TOTAL1007100.0
86) Do you recall any sermons, studies, discussion groups, or presentations at your church in the last year which discussed: the effect of science on society? (EFCTSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34634.4
2) No66065.6
Missing116 
TOTAL1006100.0
87) Do you recall any sermons, studies, discussion groups, or presentations at your church in the last year which discussed: the effect to science on religious belief? (EFCTREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39939.2
2) No62060.8
Missing103 
TOTAL1019100.0
88) How many college-level science courses have you taken? (COLGSCI)
TOTAL%
0) None444.5
1) 10711.0
2) 22823.4
3) 14414.8
4) 14815.2
5) 606.1
6) 505.1
7) 171.7
8) 303.1
9) 90.9
10) 383.9
11) 40.4
12) 232.4
13) 20.2
14) 50.5
15) 121.2
16) 20.2
17) 10.1
18) 40.4
20) 111.1
21) 40.4
22) 10.1
24) 20.2
25) 101.0
30) 90.9
31) 50.5
40) 20.2
41) 10.1
48) 10.1
50) 10.1
71) 10.1
Missing146 
TOTAL976100.0
89) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: No (SCIDGRNO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked24922.2
1) Checked - no degree87377.8
TOTAL1122100.0
90) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: Yes, a B.S. or other 4-year degree (SCIDGRBS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked96485.9
1) Checked - Yes, B.S.15814.1
TOTAL1122100.0
91) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: Yes, an M.S. or other masters' degree (SCIDGRMS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked106594.9
1) Checked - Yes, M.S.575.1
TOTAL1122100.0
92) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: Yes, a Ph.D. or other doctoral degree (SCIDGPHD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked109797.8
1) Checked - Yes, Ph.D.252.2
TOTAL1122100.0
93) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1= "Yes" TO SCIDGBS, Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?) Please specify your B.S. major. (SCIDBS)
TOTAL%
1) Agriculture74.7
2) Biology2416.0
3) Chemistry149.3
5) Engineering128.0
6) Environmental studies10.7
7) Geology32.0
9) Mathematics96.0
10) Medicine32.0
11) Nursing85.3
13) Physics-Astronomy42.7
14) Science education10.7
15) Social-behavioral science3221.3
30) Non-science field3221.3
Missing972 
TOTAL150100.0
94) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1= "Yes" TO SCIDGMS, Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?) Please specify your M.S. major. (SCIDMS)
TOTAL%
1) Agriculture12.0
2) Biology23.9
5) Engineering12.0
7) Geology12.0
9) Mathematics12.0
10) Medicine12.0
11) Nursing12.0
15) Social-behavioral science917.6
30) Non-science field3466.7
Missing1071 
TOTAL51100.0
95) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT ANSWERED 1= "Yes" TO SCIDGPHD, Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?) Please specify your Ph.D. major. (SCIDPHD)
TOTAL%
2) Biology14.5
9) Mathematics14.5
10) Medicine14.5
15) Social-behavioral science836.4
30) Non-science field1150.0
Missing1100 
TOTAL22100.0
96) Does any organization, firm, or institution for which you work conduct or sponsor any scientific or technological research? (If retired or not employed, respond in terms of your most recent paid employment.) (WORKSCI)
TOTAL%
1) No92889.0
2) Yes11511.0
Missing79 
TOTAL1043100.0
97) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 2= "Yes" TO WORKSCI.) To what extent are you associated with this research? (Choose the one answer that best describes your involvement.) (WORKASOC)
TOTAL%
1) Active participant2621.8
2) Managerial oversight86.7
3) Some familiarity through colleagues5848.7
4) Vague awareness2722.7
Missing1003 
TOTAL119100.0
98) Type of sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
3) Pastors75367.1
4) Specialized Clergy36932.9
TOTAL1122100.0
99) Old Code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL11141243.255734
100) When were you ordained as a minister of the Word and Sacrament? 19__ (WHENORDN)
TOTAL%
44) 20.2
45) 30.3
50) 20.2
51) 10.1
52) 100.9
53) 40.4
54) 70.6
55) 111.0
56) 181.6
57) 222.0
58) 171.5
59) 272.4
60) 252.2
61) 222.0
62) 322.9
63) 302.7
64) 211.9
65) 211.9
66) 222.0
67) 292.6
68) 252.2
69) 252.2
70) 171.5
71) 302.7
72) 282.5
73) 292.6
74) 252.2
75) 272.4
76) 222.0
77) 282.5
78) 302.7
79) 292.6
80) 343.1
81) 343.1
82) 343.1
83) 413.7
84) 322.9
85) 353.1
86) 211.9
87) 353.1
88) 242.2
89) 242.2
90) 222.0
91) 252.2
92) 252.2
93) 302.7
94) 252.2
95) 272.4
96) 30.3
97) 10.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1113100.0
101) If you were ordained by a denomination other than the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or one of its predecessor denominations, name that body. (ORDNDENM)
TOTAL%
0) Not applicable32.9
1) Baptist2322.3
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)21.9
3) Episcopalian11.0
5) Lutheran11.0
6) Methodist65.8
7) Other Presbyterian3937.9
8) Reformed65.8
9) Roman Catholic11.0
10) United Church of Christ98.7
12) Other1110.7
99) More than one selected11.0
Missing1019 
TOTAL103100.0
102) Are you presently enrolled in a graduate school, seminary, or theological school? (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) No100491.0
2) Yes999.0
Missing19 
TOTAL1103100.0
103) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE PRESENTLY ENROLLED IN A GRADUATE SCHOOL, SEMINARY, OR THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL ) Which degree are you seeking? (SCHOOLDG)
TOTAL%
1) M.C.E.- M.R.E.11.1
3) Th.M./S.T.M.11.1
4) D.Min.6972.6
5) Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D.1313.7
6) Other1111.6
Missing1027 
TOTAL95100.0
104) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE PRESENTLY ENROLLED IN A GRADUATE SCHOOL, SEMINARY, OR THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL) Which school are you presently enrolled in? (WHATSCHL)
TOTAL%
3) Asbury11.0
5) Austin44.1
6) Bangor11.0
14) Chicago Theological Seminary22.0
18) Columbia1212.2
20) Covenant22.0
21) Drew University11.0
22) Dubuque22.0
23) Duke University11.0
30) Fuller Theological Seminary77.1
31) Garrett Evangelical11.0
33) Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary33.1
38) Johnson C. Smith11.0
39) Lancaster Theological Seminary22.0
40) Lexington22.0
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary99.2
45) McCormick33.1
46) Memphis11.0
53) New York11.0
63) Pittsburgh44.1
65) Princeton44.1
68) San Francisco1010.2
76) United Theological Seminary Dayton11.0
78) Union Seminary (VA)33.1
85) Westminster11.0
99) Other1919.4
Missing1024 
TOTAL98100.0
105) Before entering seminary for your B.D. or M.Div., were you engaged in any long-term secular job or career? (SECLRJOB)
TOTAL%
1) No77169.5
2) Yes33930.5
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
106) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY WERE ENGAGED IN A LONG-TERM SECULAR JOB OR CAREER BEFORE ENTERING SEMINARY FOR THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV) How long were you in that long-term secular job or career? (JOBLONG)
TOTAL%
0) 20.6
1) 92.6
2) 257.3
3) 319.0
4) 3610.5
5) 3610.5
6) 185.2
7) 298.4
8) 205.8
9) 113.2
10) 349.9
11) 92.6
12) 154.4
13) 41.2
14) 51.5
15) 113.2
16) 30.9
17) 20.6
18) 51.5
19) 30.9
20) 113.2
21) 10.3
23) 20.6
24) 30.9
25) 61.7
26) 20.6
27) 10.3
28) 30.9
30) 30.9
32) 10.3
34) 10.3
40) 10.3
41) 10.3
Missing778 
TOTAL344100.0
107) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your B.D. or M.Div. degree. 19__ (YRBDMDIV)
TOTAL%
44) 10.1
45) 20.2
49) 10.1
51) 20.2
52) 111.0
53) 40.4
54) 70.6
55) 100.9
56) 171.5
57) 222.0
58) 191.7
59) 201.8
60) 272.5
61) 252.3
62) 333.0
63) 282.5
64) 211.9
65) 242.2
66) 232.1
67) 252.3
68) 211.9
69) 312.8
70) 242.2
71) 333.0
72) 282.5
73) 272.5
74) 211.9
75) 292.6
76) 201.8
77) 312.8
78) 282.5
79) 292.6
80) 373.4
81) 302.7
82) 393.5
83) 373.4
84) 292.6
85) 302.7
86) 282.5
87) 262.4
88) 211.9
89) 333.0
90) 242.2
91) 181.6
92) 242.2
93) 201.8
94) 191.7
95) 161.5
96) 40.4
99) Do not have degree222.0
Missing21 
TOTAL1101100.0
108) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV. DEGREE FROM A PCUSA SCHOOL) Please indicate from which school you received your B.D. or M.Div. degree (PCUSABD)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL107251.89125
109) Do you have one or more other graduate degrees from a seminary or other school of theological education (besides your B.D. or M.Div.)? (GRADDEG)
TOTAL%
1) No66059.9
2) Yes44240.1
Missing20 
TOTAL1102100.0
110) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: M.C.E./M.R.E. (GRADMCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked110098.7
1) Checked141.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
111) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.C.E./M.R.E.) Please indicate the year in which you received your M.C.E./M.R.E. degree. 19__ (GRADMCEY)
TOTAL%
54) 17.7
59) 17.7
61) 17.7
63) 17.7
64) 17.7
66) 17.7
67) 17.7
68) 17.7
74) 17.7
75) 17.7
91) 17.7
94) 17.7
95) 17.7
Missing1109 
TOTAL13100.0
112) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.C.E./M.R.E. DEGREE) Which school awarded you your M.C.E./M.R.E. degree? (GRADMCES)
TOTAL%
31) Garrett Evangelical17.7
45) McCormick17.7
63) Pittsburgh215.4
64) PSCE861.5
65) Princeton17.7
Missing1109 
TOTAL13100.0
113) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: M.A. (GRADMA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked104293.5
1) Checked726.5
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
114) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.A.) Please indicate the year in which you received your M.A. degree. 19__ (GRADMAY)
TOTAL%
49) 11.4
56) 11.4
58) 22.9
59) 11.4
60) 11.4
61) 34.3
62) 22.9
63) 11.4
64) 11.4
65) 34.3
66) 11.4
67) 22.9
68) 11.4
69) 34.3
70) 45.7
72) 45.7
73) 22.9
74) 34.3
75) 11.4
76) 34.3
77) 11.4
78) 57.1
79) 11.4
80) 11.4
81) 34.3
82) 11.4
85) 34.3
86) 34.3
87) 11.4
88) 22.9
89) 34.3
90) 11.4
91) 11.4
93) 11.4
94) 22.9
95) 11.4
Missing1052 
TOTAL70100.0
115) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR M.A. DEGREE) Which school awarded you your M.A. degree? (GRADMAS)
TOTAL%
13) University of Chicago Divinity22.9
14) Chicago Theological Seminary11.4
16) Claremont11.4
17) Colgate Rochester11.4
18) Columbia11.4
21) Drew University11.4
22) Dubuque11.4
23) Duke University11.4
24) Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary11.4
30) Fuller Theological Seminary11.4
45) McCormick22.9
63) Pittsburgh22.9
64) PSCE811.4
68) San Francisco22.9
74) Trinity Evangelical Div22.9
81) Vanderbilt22.9
85) Westminister11.4
88) Yale68.6
99) Other3448.6
Missing1052 
TOTAL70100.0
116) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Th.M./S.T.M. (GRADTHM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked101591.1
1) Checked998.9
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
117) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Th.M./S.T.M. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your Th.M./S.T.M. degree. 19__ (GRADTHMY)
TOTAL%
44) 11.0
50) 22.1
55) 11.0
58) 11.0
59) 33.1
61) 22.1
62) 44.1
63) 44.1
64) 44.1
65) 22.1
66) 66.2
67) 66.2
68) 33.1
69) 66.2
70) 22.1
71) 55.2
72) 22.1
73) 33.1
74) 33.1
75) 33.1
76) 11.0
78) 22.1
80) 55.2
81) 33.1
82) 22.1
83) 33.1
84) 22.1
85) 22.1
86) 11.0
87) 11.0
88) 44.1
89) 33.1
91) 22.1
94) 11.0
95) 22.1
Missing1025 
TOTAL97100.0
118) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Th.M./S.T.M. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your Th.M./S.T.M. degree? (GRADTPCU)
TOTAL%
2) Andover Newton Theological Seminary11.1
5) Austin11.1
10) Calvin11.1
15) Christian Theological Seminary11.1
18) Columbia66.3
22) Dubuque33.2
23) Duke University11.1
25) Eden11.1
31) Garrett Evangelical11.1
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary22.1
45) McCormick22.1
63) Pittsburgh33.2
65) Princeton4244.2
68) San Francisco44.2
69) Southeastern Baptist11.1
71) St. Mary's11.1
75) Union-Auburn55.3
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)99.5
88) Yale55.3
99) Other55.3
Missing1027 
TOTAL95100.0
119) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: D.Min. (GRADDMIN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked85476.7
1) Checked26023.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
120) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR D.Min. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your D.Min. degree. 19__ (GRADDY)
TOTAL%
62) 10.4
71) 10.4
72) 31.2
73) 52.0
74) 62.3
75) 114.3
76) 124.7
77) 83.1
78) 114.3
79) 103.9
80) 83.1
81) 155.9
82) 145.5
83) 114.3
84) 135.1
85) 166.3
86) 176.6
87) 72.7
88) 62.3
89) 62.3
90) 114.3
91) 93.5
92) 155.9
93) 114.3
94) 114.3
95) 114.3
96) 72.7
Missing866 
TOTAL256100.0
121) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR D.Min. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your D.Min. degree? (GRADDSPC)
TOTAL%
2) Andover Newton Theological Seminary31.2
5) Austin103.9
8) Bethel Theological Seminary10.4
9) Brite10.4
11) Candler10.4
14) Chicago Theological Seminary20.8
15) Christian Theological Seminary10.4
16) Claremont10.4
17) Colgate Rochester20.8
18) Columbia249.4
20) Covenant10.4
21) Drew University93.5
22) Dubuque10.4
24) Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary20.8
25) Eden Theological Seminary52.0
30) Fuller Theological Seminary155.9
36) Iliff School20.8
39) Lancaster Theological Seminary31.2
40) Lexington10.4
41) Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary83.1
45) McCormick6625.8
53) New York10.4
63) Pittsburgh145.5
65) Princeton93.5
68) San Francisco2911.3
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary10.4
72) St. Paul10.4
74) Trinity Evangelical10.4
77) United Theological Seminary MN10.4
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)249.4
81) Vanderbilt41.6
84) Western Theological Seminary20.8
99) Other103.9
Missing866 
TOTAL256100.0
122) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. (GRADPHD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked103993.3
1) Checked756.7
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
123) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. DEGREE) Please indicate the year in which you received your Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. degree. 19__ (GRADPHDY)
TOTAL%
58) 56.8
59) 11.4
60) 11.4
61) 11.4
62) 11.4
64) 22.7
65) 34.1
66) 22.7
67) 11.4
68) 11.4
69) 11.4
70) 22.7
71) 22.7
72) 22.7
73) 11.4
74) 22.7
75) 22.7
76) 11.4
77) 11.4
78) 11.4
80) 34.1
81) 45.4
82) 45.4
83) 22.7
85) 34.1
86) 34.1
87) 22.7
88) 68.1
89) 34.1
90) 11.4
91) 11.4
92) 56.8
94) 22.7
95) 11.4
96) 11.4
Missing1048 
TOTAL74100.0
124) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED THEIR Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. DEGREE) Which PCUSA school awarded you your Ph.D./S.T.D./Th.D. degree? (GRPHDPC)
TOTAL%
13) University of Chicago Divinity11.4
18) Columbia34.1
22) Dubuque11.4
23) Duke University45.5
31) Garrett Evangelical11.4
34) Harvard University11.4
45) McCormick11.4
57) NW Lutheran Theo11.4
65) Princeton79.6
68) San Francisco22.7
69) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary11.4
75) Union-Auburn34.1
76) United Theo Dayton11.4
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)45.5
79) University of Notre Dame11.4
81) Vanderbilt79.6
88) Yale45.5
89) Emory34.1
99) Other2737.0
Missing1049 
TOTAL73100.0
125) {ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE ONE OR MORE DEGREES FROM A SEMINARY OR OTHER SCHOOL OF THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION (BESIDES THEIR B.D. OR M.DIV.)} Please indicate whether you received the following degree: Other (GRADOTHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked107296.2
1) Checked423.8
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
126) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED ANY OTHER DEGREES) Please indicate the year in which you received all other degrees. 19__ (GROTHYR)
TOTAL%
54) 12.5
55) 12.5
59) 25.0
60) 12.5
61) 37.5
64) 12.5
70) 25.0
71) 25.0
72) 25.0
73) 12.5
75) 12.5
76) 25.0
78) 410.0
79) 25.0
80) 25.0
81) 25.0
83) 12.5
84) 12.5
86) 12.5
88) 12.5
90) 12.5
91) 25.0
92) 12.5
93) 12.5
96) 12.5
97) 12.5
Missing1082 
TOTAL40100.0
127) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE RECEIVED ANY OTHER DEGREES) Which PCUSA school awarded you any other degrees? (GROTHPC)
TOTAL%
4) Ashland12.4
12) Central Baptist12.4
13) University of Chicago Divinity12.4
18) Columbia12.4
45) McCormick12.4
59) Pacific Lutheran12.4
67) Regent12.4
68) San Francisco12.4
75) Union-Auburn12.4
78) Union Theological Seminary (VA)24.9
81) Vanderbilt24.9
99) Other2868.3
Missing1081 
TOTAL41100.0
128) What is the highest level of formal education you have attained besides your theological or Christian education training? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
2) Completed high school30.3
3) Some college80.7
4) College graduate59554.3
5) Some graduate work20919.1
6) Graduate degree28125.6
Missing26 
TOTAL1096100.0
129) Which category below describes your current paid employment? (JOBEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Pastor in a congregation77870.0
2) Non-parish job or ministry26223.6
3) Unemployed252.2
4) Retired from active ministry474.2
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
130) Which category below describes your current paid employment? (JOBEMP2)
TOTAL%
2) Non-parish job or ministry6680.5
3) Unemployed56.1
4) Retired from active ministry1113.4
Missing1040 
TOTAL82100.0
131) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) Do you consider yourself a full-time or part-time parish pastor? (FTPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time63782.7
2) Part-time13317.3
Missing352 
TOTAL770100.0
132) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PART-TIME PARISH PASTOR) Please specify the hours per week that you serve as a part-time parish pastor. (PTPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) 96.9
2) 75.4
3) 32.3
4) 10.8
5) 10.8
6) 10.8
8) 43.1
9) 10.8
10) 64.6
12) 53.8
13) 10.8
14) 10.8
15) 64.6
16) 21.5
17) 21.5
18) 21.5
20) 129.2
22) 10.8
24) 32.3
25) 118.5
26) 10.8
28) 10.8
29) 21.5
30) 1813.8
32) 53.8
33) 21.5
35) 43.1
36) 10.8
37) 10.8
40) 64.6
42) 21.5
44) 10.8
45) 32.3
50) 21.5
55) 21.5
Missing992 
TOTAL130100.0
133) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) What position(s) do you have in a congregation? (POSCONG1)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor38449.9
2) Senior pastor15219.8
3) Assistant/Associate pastor10713.9
4) Co-pastor253.3
5) Stated or temporary supply445.7
6) Designated pastor60.8
7) Interim pastor253.3
8) Tentmaker40.5
9) Paid parish associate70.9
10) Other152.0
Missing353 
TOTAL769100.0
134) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) What position(s) do you have in a congregation? (POSCONG2)
TOTAL%
1) Solo pastor44.3
2) Senior pastor1819.6
3) Assistant/Associate pastor55.4
4) Co-pastor22.2
5) Stated or temporary supply2426.1
6) Designated pastor44.3
7) Interim pastor1718.5
8) Tentmaker1213.0
9) Paid parish associate22.2
10) Other44.3
Missing1030 
TOTAL92100.0
135) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE ONE OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) How many congregations do you currently serve as pastor (include congregations you are serving as stated or temporary supply)? (MANYCONG)
TOTAL%
1) One71793.5
2) Two or more506.5
Missing355 
TOTAL767100.0
136) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE TWO OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) How many congregations do you serve as pastor? (MANY2CNG)
TOTAL%
2) Two4182.0
3) Three36.0
4) Four36.0
5) Five12.0
6) Six12.0
8) Eight12.0
Missing1072 
TOTAL50100.0
137) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SERVE TWO OR MORE CONGREGATIONS AS A PASTOR) Are all or some of the congregations yoked as a larger parish? (LARGRPAR)
TOTAL%
1) No3461.8
2) Yes2138.2
Missing1067 
TOTAL55100.0
138) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you serve? (Write the combined membership if you serve two or more). (MEMCLRGY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL764625.9991099
139) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Is your non-parish job or ministry full-time or part-time? (If you have more than one, answer in terms of the combined hours). (NONPARFT)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time25469.0
2) Part-time11431.0
Missing754 
TOTAL368100.0
140) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Please specify the hours you spend in your part-time non-parish job or ministry. (NONPARPT)
TOTAL%
1) 21.8
2) 43.6
4) 32.7
5) 21.8
6) 43.6
7) 32.7
8) 76.3
9) 10.9
10) 1210.7
11) 10.9
12) 65.4
14) 10.9
15) 76.3
16) 21.8
18) 32.7
20) 2219.6
23) 10.9
24) 21.8
25) 43.6
28) 10.9
29) 10.9
30) 54.5
32) 10.9
35) 21.8
40) 108.9
45) 10.9
50) 21.8
55) 10.9
60) 10.9
Missing1010 
TOTAL112100.0
141) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) In what type(s) of non-parish jobs or ministries are you currently employed? (NONJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution9726.7
2) Chaplain6517.9
3) Missionary/Mission co-worker61.7
4) National staff or middle governing body staff5214.3
5) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency133.6
6) Professional pastoral counselor318.5
7) Other employment9927.3
Missing759 
TOTAL363100.0
142) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) In what type(s) of non-parish jobs or ministries are you currently employed? (NONJOB2)
TOTAL%
1) Faculty/staff at an educational institution36.7
2) Chaplain817.8
3) Missionary/Mission co-worker12.2
4) National staff or middle governing body staff24.4
5) Staff of an ecumenical or non-denominational agency24.4
6) Professional pastoral counselor1328.9
7) Other employment1635.6
Missing1077 
TOTAL45100.0
143) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) For what type of institution do you work? (INSTJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Military61.7
2) Civilian government205.5
3) Elementary, middle, or high school133.6
4) College or university5816.1
5) Seminary or other theological school298.0
6) Hospital or other medical facility4713.0
7) Church/religious body7320.2
8) Other non-profit organization5214.4
9) For-profit business5013.9
10) Other133.6
Missing761 
TOTAL361100.0
144) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) For what type of institution do you work? (INSTJOB2)
TOTAL%
4) College or university24.1
5) Seminary or other theological school36.1
6) Hospital or other medical facility48.2
7) Church/religious body816.3
8) Other non-profit organization816.3
9) For-profit business816.3
10) Other1632.7
Missing1073 
TOTAL49100.0
145) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY EMPLOYED IN ONE OR MORE NON-PARISH JOBS OR MINISTRIES) Is this organization affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (ORGPRES)
TOTAL%
1) No21961.9
2) Yes13538.1
Missing768 
TOTAL354100.0
146) In general, how often are you bothered by stress in your job situation? (JOBSTRES)
TOTAL%
1) Never464.4
2) Less than once a week28327.2
3) Once or twice a week41239.6
4) Several days a week18217.5
5) Almost every day11711.3
Missing82 
TOTAL1040100.0
147) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - an unsupportive session (EXTSESSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent202.1
2) Some extent626.5
3) A little20421.5
4) None44546.8
5) Not applicable/not sure22023.1
Missing171 
TOTAL951100.0
148) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - an unsupportive congregation (EXTCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent90.9
2) Some extent687.2
3) A little25927.3
4) None41143.4
5) Not applicable/not sure20121.2
Missing174 
TOTAL948100.0
149) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - conflict with others in organization (EXTCNFLT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent495.1
2) Some extent15115.8
3) A little42744.8
4) None26427.7
5) Not applicable/not sure626.5
Missing169 
TOTAL953100.0
150) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - doing too many different things (EXTTHNGS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent23223.7
2) Some extent36837.6
3) A little26226.7
4) None10610.8
5) Not applicable/not sure121.2
Missing142 
TOTAL980100.0
151) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - feeling "burned out" (EXTBURND)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent747.7
2) Some extent23324.3
3) A little34335.7
4) None29030.2
5) Not applicable/not sure202.1
Missing162 
TOTAL960100.0
152) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - feeling my work doesn't count (EXTCOUNT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent232.4
2) Some extent9710.1
3) A little24225.1
4) None57359.5
5) Not applicable/not sure282.9
Missing159 
TOTAL963100.0
153) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - having different views or values from most others in organization (EXTVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent485.0
2) Some extent16817.4
3) A little35136.3
4) None37338.6
5) Not applicable/not sure262.7
Missing156 
TOTAL966100.0
154) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - having to make decisions (EXTDECSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent202.1
2) Some extent15416.1
3) A little38640.3
4) None38139.8
5) Not applicable/not sure171.8
Missing164 
TOTAL958100.0
155) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - having to meet deadlines (EXTDEDLN)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent697.1
2) Some extent25526.2
3) A little41842.9
4) None21922.5
5) Not applicable/not sure131.3
Missing148 
TOTAL974100.0
156) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - little or no input into decisions that affect me in important ways (EXTINPUT)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent313.2
2) Some extent11011.4
3) A little24825.7
4) None54556.5
5) Not applicable/not sure303.1
Missing158 
TOTAL964100.0
157) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - needing more time for myself (EXTTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent17718.3
2) Some extent31032.0
3) A little30331.3
4) None16617.1
5) Not applicable/not sure121.2
Missing154 
TOTAL968100.0
158) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - not being paid well enough (EXTPAID)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent949.7
2) Some extent21021.6
3) A little27528.3
4) None37538.6
5) Not applicable/not sure171.8
Missing151 
TOTAL971100.0
159) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - not enough time for my family (EXTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent15716.2
2) Some extent28429.3
3) A little29029.9
4) None20320.9
5) Not applicable/not sure363.7
Missing152 
TOTAL970100.0
160) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - experiencing sexual harassment (EXTHARSS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent20.2
2) Some extent80.8
3) A little282.9
4) None83987.8
5) Not applicable/not sure798.3
Missing166 
TOTAL956100.0
161) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - too many meetings (EXTMTNGS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent939.6
2) Some extent28028.8
3) A little34835.8
4) None23424.1
5) Not applicable/not sure161.6
Missing151 
TOTAL971100.0
162) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - unclear or continually changing expectations from others (EXTUNCLR)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent495.0
2) Some extent18118.6
3) A little35636.6
4) None36637.7
5) Not applicable/not sure202.1
Missing150 
TOTAL972100.0
163) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - unrealistic expectations from others (EXTUNREL)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent858.9
2) Some extent21021.9
3) A little35036.5
4) None29530.8
5) Not applicable/not sure192.0
Missing163 
TOTAL959100.0
164) To what extent, if any, is the following a source of stress in your work? - working too many hours (EXTHOURS)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent18719.1
2) Some extent31632.3
3) A little29930.6
4) None16416.8
5) Not applicable/not sure121.2
Missing144 
TOTAL978100.0
165) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No69362.5
2) Yes41537.5
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
166) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL49031.64315
167) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked98888.8
1) Checked12511.2
Missing9 
TOTAL1113100.0
168) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked109097.8
1) Checked242.2
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
169) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked108697.5
1) Checked282.5
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
170) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked110999.6
1) Checked50.4
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
171) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked108297.1
1) Checked322.9
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
172) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked100690.3
1) Checked1089.7
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
173) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked108397.2
1) Checked312.8
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
174) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked108697.5
1) Checked282.5
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
175) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked105995.1
1) Checked554.9
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
176) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked102091.6
1) Checked948.4
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
177) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination during your youth, answer by selecting the one in which you were most involved.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist847.7
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)111.0
3) Episcopal161.5
4) Friends (Quakers)10.1
5) Lutheran222.0
6) Methodist635.8
7) Presbyterian72566.4
8) Reformed181.6
9) Roman Catholic272.5
10) United Church of Christ282.6
11) None232.1
12) Other666.0
99) More than one selected80.7
Missing30 
TOTAL1092100.0
178) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never867.8
2) Less than once a year363.3
3) Once or twice a year736.6
4) Several times a year585.2
5) Once a month504.5
6) Two to three times a month726.5
7) Nearly every week20118.2
8) Every week49945.2
9) Don't know302.7
Missing17 
TOTAL1105100.0
179) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never434.0
2) Less than once a year151.4
3) Once or twice a year413.8
4) Several times a year494.5
5) Once a month494.5
6) Two to three times a month736.7
7) Nearly every week25123.2
8) Every week55951.7
9) Don't know20.2
Missing40 
TOTAL1082100.0
180) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative262.4
2) Conservative22420.3
3) Moderate47042.7
4) Liberal29426.7
5) Very liberal877.9
Missing21 
TOTAL1101100.0
181) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No21520.3
2) Yes68965.1
3) Not sure14713.9
4) Other80.8
Missing63 
TOTAL1059100.0
182) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No42139.4
2) Yes40137.5
3) Not sure24322.7
4) Other40.4
Missing53 
TOTAL1069100.0
183) Code 2 (CODE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL111430921.2612135
184) Which statement best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.10.1
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.1009.0
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.57752.2
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.37233.7
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.484.3
9) More than one selected70.6
Missing17 
TOTAL1105100.0
185) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - reading and studying the Bible regularly (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential55750.1
2) Very important42538.2
3) Somewhat important12110.9
4) Not at all important90.8
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
186) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential66760.0
2) Very important34731.2
3) Somewhat important948.5
4) Not at all important40.4
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
187) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential34430.9
2) Very important56450.7
3) Somewhat important20018.0
4) Not at all important40.4
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
188) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential44640.2
2) Very important60654.6
3) Somewhat important585.2
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
189) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential43639.4
2) Very important51746.7
3) Somewhat important13812.5
4) Not at all important151.4
Missing16 
TOTAL1106100.0
190) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential28926.0
2) Very important49244.3
3) Somewhat important28825.9
4) Not at all important423.8
Missing11 
TOTAL1111100.0
191) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential76969.2
2) Very important33129.8
3) Somewhat important111.0
4) Not at all important10.1
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
192) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree262.3
2) Agree928.3
3) Not sure464.1
4) Disagree55550.0
5) Strongly disagree39035.2
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0
193) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree151.4
2) Agree968.7
3) Not sure827.4
4) Disagree46942.3
5) Strongly disagree44740.3
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0
194) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree77870.0
2) Agree24622.1
3) Not sure686.1
4) Disagree121.1
5) Strongly disagree70.6
Missing11 
TOTAL1111100.0
195) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40936.9
2) Agree30827.8
3) Not sure11310.2
4) Disagree22019.9
5) Strongly disagree585.2
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
196) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16815.2
2) Agree16414.8
3) Not sure24922.5
4) Disagree31328.3
5) Strongly disagree21219.2
Missing16 
TOTAL1106100.0
197) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree80.7
2) Agree272.4
3) Not sure181.6
4) Disagree45240.6
5) Strongly disagree60754.6
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
198) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree161.4
2) Agree13912.6
3) Not sure444.0
4) Disagree64258.1
5) Strongly disagree26423.9
Missing17 
TOTAL1105100.0
199) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45741.2
2) Agree62356.2
3) Not sure131.2
4) Disagree141.3
5) Strongly disagree10.1
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
200) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree121.1
2) Agree787.0
3) Not sure12411.2
4) Disagree50345.2
5) Strongly disagree39535.5
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
201) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ is only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree595.3
2) Agree27024.4
3) Not sure16014.5
4) Disagree34231.0
5) Strongly disagree27424.8
Missing17 
TOTAL1105100.0
202) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23221.0
2) Agree31428.4
3) Not sure18716.9
4) Disagree25122.7
5) Strongly disagree12010.9
Missing18 
TOTAL1104100.0
203) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28225.6
2) Agree34030.9
3) Not sure25022.7
4) Disagree14813.5
5) Strongly disagree807.3
Missing22 
TOTAL1100100.0
204) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree42238.2
2) Agree40236.4
3) Not sure18116.4
4) Disagree595.3
5) Strongly disagree403.6
Missing18 
TOTAL1104100.0
205) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No41037.3
2) Yes61656.1
3) Not sure726.6
Missing24 
TOTAL1098100.0
206) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCIA)
TOTAL%
1) Essential29528.0
2) Very important51148.4
3) Somewhat important24222.9
4) Not at all important70.7
Missing67 
TOTAL1055100.0
207) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential37335.4
2) Very important54251.4
3) Somewhat important13112.4
4) Not at all important90.9
Missing67 
TOTAL1055100.0
208) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential44442.0
2) Very important55152.1
3) Somewhat important615.8
4) Not at all important10.1
Missing65 
TOTAL1057100.0
209) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential22120.9
2) Very important50447.8
3) Somewhat important30428.8
4) Not at all important262.5
Missing67 
TOTAL1055100.0
210) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - an active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential28827.3
2) Very important49546.9
3) Somewhat important24823.5
4) Not at all important252.4
Missing66 
TOTAL1056100.0
211) When you think of priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential878.3
2) Very important19818.8
3) Somewhat important39037.1
4) Not at all important37735.8
Missing70 
TOTAL1052100.0
212) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female21018.9
2) Male90481.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
213) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL109450.87910
214) Which of the following categories below most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm857.7
2) On a farm30.3
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)35532.2
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)15714.2
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city867.8
6) In a large city (over 250,000)17716.0
7) In a suburb near a large city24121.8
Missing18 
TOTAL1104100.0
215) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married97988.2
2) Not married13111.8
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
216) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married6046.9
2) Yes, am now widowed1612.5
3) Yes, am now divorced4837.5
4) Yes, am both widowed and divorced43.1
Missing994 
TOTAL128100.0
217) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
14) 10.1
16) 20.2
17) 30.3
18) 90.9
19) 242.3
20) 575.6
21) 14614.3
22) 13112.8
23) 13913.6
24) 11311.0
25) 969.4
26) 676.5
27) 525.1
28) 414.0
29) 282.7
30) 282.7
31) 171.7
32) 181.8
33) 121.2
34) 101.0
35) 60.6
36) 50.5
37) 10.1
38) 20.2
39) 40.4
40) 30.3
41) 10.1
42) 10.1
44) 10.1
47) 20.2
50) 10.1
59) 10.1
72) 10.1
Missing99 
TOTAL1023100.0
218) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No79580.9
2) Yes, was widowed101.0
3) Yes, was divorced17617.9
4) Yes, was both widowed and divorced20.2
Missing139 
TOTAL983100.0
219) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the employment status of your spouse. (SPSEMPL1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time43844.7
2) Employed part time24024.5
3) Self-employed596.0
4) Unemployed313.2
5) Retired636.4
6) Full-time homemaker12913.2
7) Student141.4
8) Other60.6
Missing142 
TOTAL980100.0
220) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the employment status of your spouse. (SPSEMPL2)
TOTAL%
2) Employed part time33.1
3) Self-employed2929.6
4) Unemployed33.1
5) Retired1010.2
6) Full-time homemaker3030.6
7) Student1515.3
8) Other88.2
Missing1024 
TOTAL98100.0
221) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) If your husband or wife is employed full time, part time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL74636.51215
222) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist10010.4
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)252.6
3) Episcopalian353.6
4) Friends (Quakers)10.1
5) Lutheran575.9
6) Methodist11511.9
7) Presbyterian41142.5
8) Reformed222.3
9) Roman Catholic676.9
10) United Church of Christ293.0
11) None232.4
12) Other818.4
Missing156 
TOTAL966100.0
223) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist30.3
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.1
3) Episcopalian101.1
4) Friends (Quakers)10.1
5) Lutheran70.8
6) Methodist141.5
7) Presbyterian84290.9
8) Reformed30.3
9) Roman Catholic60.6
10) United Church of Christ60.6
11) None131.4
12) Other202.2
Missing196 
TOTAL926100.0
224) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never50.5
2) Less than once a year50.5
3) About once or twice a year171.7
4) Several times a year313.2
5) Once a month293.0
6) Two to three times a month707.1
7) Nearly every week21722.1
8) Every week60861.9
Missing140 
TOTAL982100.0
225) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes66272.7
2) No24927.3
Missing211 
TOTAL911100.0
226) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife an ordained minister? (SPSORDND)
TOTAL%
1) No85887.4
2) Yes12412.6
Missing140 
TOTAL982100.0
227) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE HUSBAND/WIFE IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER) Which statements below, if any, apply to his or her current call? (SPSCALL1)
TOTAL%
1) Is a co-pastor with me2018.0
2) Serves in a pastoral position at another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation2926.1
3) Is on the staff of a presbytery, synod, or the General Assembly54.5
4) Serves in another PC(USA)-affiliated institution (e.g., college, seminary, retirement home)76.3
5) Serves in a pastoral position at a congregation of another denomination65.4
6) Serves in a church-related non-parish ministry of another denomination76.3
7) Has a secular job or position1614.4
8) Other2118.9
Missing1011 
TOTAL111100.0
228) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE HUSBAND/WIFE IS AN ORDAINED MINISTER) Which statements below, if any, apply to his or her current call? (SPSCALL2)
TOTAL%
2) Serves in a pastoral position at another Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) congregation17.7
3) Is on the staff of a presbytery, synod, or the General Assembly215.4
6) Serves in a church-related non-parish ministry of another denomination17.7
7) Has a secular job or position215.4
8) Other753.8
Missing1109 
TOTAL13100.0
229) How many children do you have? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None17415.8
1) One13011.8
2) Two43339.4
3) Three23921.7
4) Four938.5
5) Five292.6
6) Six20.2
Missing22 
TOTAL1100100.0
230) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No98188.5
2) Yes12711.5
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
231) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One6953.9
2) Two4333.6
3) Three129.4
4) Four21.6
6) Six21.6
Missing994 
TOTAL128100.0
232) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No93687.3
2) Yes13612.7
Missing50 
TOTAL1072100.0
233) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One3324.1
2) Two6748.9
3) Three2518.2
4) Four85.8
5) Five32.2
6) Six10.7
Missing985 
TOTAL137100.0
234) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat66059.6
2) Independent19017.2
3) Republican24722.3
4) Other100.9
Missing15 
TOTAL1107100.0
235) Which of these terms best describes your usual stand on political issues? (POLITISS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative181.6
2) Conservative15113.6
3) Moderate46341.8
4) Liberal38234.5
5) Very liberal948.5
Missing14 
TOTAL1108100.0
236) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone.1099.8
2) Two of us49444.4
3) Three of us17115.4
4) Four of us22820.5
5) Five of us847.5
6) Six of us232.1
7) Seven or more of us30.3
8) Not applicable (I live in a dormitory, nursing home, or other institutional housing)10.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1113100.0
237) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None17257.7
1) One8428.2
2) Two3712.4
3) Three51.7
Missing824 
TOTAL298100.0
238) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None16140.9
1) One12732.2
2) Two9323.6
3) Three133.3
Missing728 
TOTAL394100.0
239) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None15238.5
1) One17444.1
2) Two6215.7
3) Three71.8
Missing727 
TOTAL395100.0
240) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None16262.1
1) One8131.0
2) Two186.9
Missing861 
TOTAL261100.0
241) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None10.1
1) One12411.2
2) Two92583.8
3) Three423.8
4) Four90.8
5) Five20.2
6) Six10.1
Missing18 
TOTAL1104100.0
242) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household.) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone1019.2
2) A single parent, living with one or more children131.2
3) A married couple, no children in household46141.9
4) A married couple, living with one or more children47943.5
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household30.3
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children111.0
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children90.8
9) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), no children in household111.0
10) Roommates (2 or more unrelated adults), living with one or more children10.1
11) Some other arrangement121.1
Missing21 
TOTAL1101100.0
243) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you988.8
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage938.4
3) Owned by you with a mortgage67961.2
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)21619.5
5) Other232.1
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0
244) Where did you live approximately five years ago, in October 1991? (LIVE5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Same home I live in now53848.3
2) A different home, but in the same county11510.3
3) In a different county, but in the same state13311.9
4) In a different state31828.6
5) In a different country90.8
Missing9 
TOTAL1113100.0
245) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them-including yourself-earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None242.2
1) One27525.2
2) Two59254.3
3) Three11810.8
4) Four534.9
5) Five222.0
6) Six40.4
7) Seven30.3
Missing31 
TOTAL1091100.0
246) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,00080.7
2) $10,000 - $14,99960.5
3) $15,000 - $19,999151.4
4) $20,000 - $29,999655.9
5) $30,000 - $39,99917015.3
6) $40,000 - $49,99918016.2
7) $50,000 - $59,99917916.1
8) $60,000 - $69,99914112.7
9) $70,000 - $79,9991069.5
10) $80,000 - $89,999756.8
11) $90,000 - $99,999544.9
12) $100,000 - $124,999706.3
13) $125,000 - $149,999121.1
14) $150,000 or more292.6
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
247) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, Social Security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings53548.1
2) 90-99% from earnings34130.7
3) 75-89% from earnings1059.4
4) 50-74% from earnings696.2
5) 25-49% from earnings191.7
6) 1-24% from earnings292.6
7) None from earnings141.3
Missing10 
TOTAL1112100.0
248) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign)? (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10682962.8832314
249) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church? (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL680752.0471765
250) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy? (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL953267.817427
251) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $019517.9
2) $1-$5016014.7
3) $51-$10013612.5
4) $101-$50028125.9
5) $501-$1,0001069.8
6) $1,001-$2,000857.8
7) $2,001 or more12411.4
Missing35 
TOTAL1087100.0
252) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $0333.0
2) $1-$5018416.8
3) $51-$10019117.5
4) $101-$50043439.7
5) $501-$1,00013712.5
6) $1,001-$2,000514.7
7) $2,001 or more635.8
Missing29 
TOTAL1093100.0
253) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL108033.07417
254) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None80672.9
1) One18216.5
2) Two736.6
3) Three302.7
4) Four100.9
5) Five30.3
6) Six10.1
Missing17 
TOTAL1105100.0
255) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) None40.4
1) 454.0
2) 12611.3
3) 20318.2
4) 21219.0
5) 19017.1
6) 16314.6
7) 756.7
8) 484.3
9) 222.0
10) 100.9
11) 90.8
12) 30.3
13) 10.1
16) 10.1
30) 10.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1113100.0
256) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian106796.2
2) Black or African-American141.3
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native30.3
4) Asian or Pacific Islander151.4
5) Hispanic, Latino/a, or Spanish origin50.5
6) Multiracial or biracial40.4
7) Some other race10.1
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0
257) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native266.7
7) Some other race133.3
Missing1119 
TOTAL3100.0
258) Age group (AGEGROUP)
TOTAL%
1) Under 40 years old14713.4
2) 40-4936233.1
3) 50-5932329.5
4) 60-older26223.9
Missing28 
TOTAL1094100.0
259) Region of Residence (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast21219.1
2) Midwest30627.5
3) South42238.0
4) West17115.4
Missing11 
TOTAL1111100.0
260) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female21018.9
2) Male90481.1
Missing8 
TOTAL1114100.0
261) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married97988.2
2) Not married13111.8
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
262) I-REGION: Region of Residence (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast21219.1
2) Midwest30627.5
3) South42238.0
4) West17115.4
Missing11 
TOTAL1111100.0
263) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat66059.6
2) Independent19017.2
3) Republican24722.3
4) Other100.9
Missing15 
TOTAL1107100.0
264) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K292.6
1) 20K-49,99941537.4
2) 50K-99,99955550.0
3) 100K+11110.0
Missing12 
TOTAL1110100.0
265) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) <4014713.4
1) 40-4936233.1
2) 50-6449245.0
3) 65+938.5
Missing28 
TOTAL1094100.0
266) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White106796.2
1) Black141.3
2) Other282.5
Missing13 
TOTAL1109100.0