Presbyterian Panel Survey, November 1998 -- Science, Technology, and Faith, Elders

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL66620597.598362
2) Do you believe that science and technology have changed human life for the better or for the worse? (SCICHNGD)
TOTAL%
1) Better42964.5
2) Worse40.6
3) Some of both23134.7
5) No opinion10.2
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
3) Which one of these items best describes your general reaction to science and technology? (GENREACT)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfaction or hope26139.5
2) Excitement or wonder34852.6
3) Confusion or ignorance324.8
4) Fear or alarm111.7
5) Indifference or lack of interest91.4
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
4) Overall, would you say that science and technology do more good than harm, more harm than good, or about the same of each? (OVERHARM)
TOTAL%
1) More good56084.6
2) More harm121.8
3) About the same8713.1
4) No opinion30.5
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
5) Do you feel that science and technology change things too fast, too slowly, or just about right? (TECHCHNG)
TOTAL%
1) Too fast16925.6
2) Too slowly355.3
3) About right37657.1
4) No opinion7912.0
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
6) Do you feel that the degree of control that society has over science and technology should be increased, decreased, or remain as it is now? (CNTRLSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Should be increased18127.4
2) Should be decreased355.3
3) Remain as it is38858.8
4) No opinion568.5
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
7) Do you feel that science and technology will eventually solve most problems such as pollution, disease, drug abuse, and crime, some of these problems, or few if any of these problems? (SCISOLVE)
TOTAL%
1) Most of these problems8813.2
2) Some of these problems43765.7
3) A few of these problems11417.1
4) None of these problems203.0
5) No opinion60.9
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
8) Do you agree or disagree?: One of the effects of science is that it breaks down people's ideas of right and wrong. (SCIIDEAS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree223.3
2) Agree6810.3
3) Agree and disagree16625.0
4) Disagree26940.6
5) Strongly disagree10916.4
6) No opinion294.4
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
9) When science and technology cause problems, who is most at fault? (SCIFAULT)
TOTAL%
1) Scientists243.8
2) Technologists and engineers325.0
3) Government decision makers17928.1
4) Business and industry leaders13621.4
5) Some other group10316.2
6) No opinion16225.5
Missing30 
TOTAL636100.0
10) Do you think the things that happen in this world are fully determined by previous causes or do things happen by chance? (DETRMNED)
TOTAL%
1) All things are determined.13220.3
2) Most things are determined.20932.2
3) About half and half21232.6
4) Most things happen by chance.456.9
5) All things happen by chance.60.9
6) No opinion467.1
Missing16 
TOTAL650100.0
11) Do you think the things that happen in this world are mostly controlled by God, or do you think the world runs pretty much by itself? (GODCNTRL)
TOTAL%
1) The world is controlled by God.25739.3
2) Most of the things that happen are controlled by God.12419.0
3) About half and half9013.8
4) The world runs pretty much by itself.10215.6
5) Other (specify:_____)659.9
6) No opinion162.4
Missing12 
TOTAL654100.0
12) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Theory of evolution (FAMEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly17426.4
2) Understand it generally42664.5
3) Understand it vaguely517.7
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it91.4
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
13) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: The principle of natural selection (FAMNATSL)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly13921.1
2) Understand it generally32148.6
3) Understand it vaguely9814.8
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it538.0
5) Have never heard of it497.4
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
14) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Mendel's theory of heredity (FAMMNDEL)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly7511.5
2) Understand it generally24137.1
3) Understand it vaguely13220.3
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it9314.3
5) Have never heard of it10916.8
Missing16 
TOTAL650100.0
15) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Cloning (FAMCLNNG)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly558.5
2) Understand it generally36756.5
3) Understand it vaguely18127.8
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it467.1
5) Have never heard of it10.2
Missing16 
TOTAL650100.0
16) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Evolutionary psychology (FAMEVPSY)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly192.9
2) Understand it generally14121.8
3) Understand it vaguely18929.3
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it10616.4
5) Have never heard of it19129.6
Missing20 
TOTAL646100.0
17) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Big bang theory (FAMBANG)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly9214.1
2) Understand it generally32649.9
3) Understand it vaguely13120.1
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it609.2
5) Have never heard of it446.7
Missing13 
TOTAL653100.0
18) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Theory of relativity (FAMRELTV)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly497.6
2) Understand it generally26741.1
3) Understand it vaguely21733.4
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it10816.6
5) Have never heard of it81.2
Missing17 
TOTAL649100.0
19) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Quantum mechanics (FAMQUANT)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly213.2
2) Understand it generally7010.7
3) Understand it vaguely15824.0
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it30045.7
5) Have never heard of it10816.4
Missing9 
TOTAL657100.0
20) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Chaos theory (FAMCHAOS)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly192.9
2) Understand it generally8412.8
3) Understand it vaguely16625.2
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it17426.4
5) Have never heard of it21532.7
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
21) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: The Anthropic Principle (FAMANTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly71.1
2) Understand it generally253.8
3) Understand it vaguely619.3
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it11818.1
5) Have never heard of it44267.7
Missing13 
TOTAL653100.0
22) The following is a contemporary scientific theory or principle. Please indicate your familiarity with: Second law of thermodynamics (entropy) (FAM2NDLW)
TOTAL%
1) Understand it thoroughly436.5
2) Understand it generally8412.8
3) Understand it vaguely8813.4
4) Don't understand it but have heard of it18528.2
5) Have never heard of it25739.1
Missing9 
TOTAL657100.0
23) Which statement comes closest to your opinions on gene therapy, that is, medical treatment which alters the genetic makeup of a cell? (GNTHERPY)
TOTAL%
1) Gene therapy is appropriate on any cell in the body.20130.7
2) Gene therapy is appropriate only on cells that are not involved with producing the next generation.15323.4
3) Gene therapy is appropriate only on those cells involved in producing the next generation (i.e., sperm and egg cells).213.2
4) Gene therapy is not appropriate on any cells.416.3
5) Not sure23936.5
Missing11 
TOTAL655100.0
24) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science address fundamentally different realms (e.g., supernatural/natural, eternal/temporal, spiritual/physical). (SCREALMS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree294.5
2) Agree14722.8
3) Tend to agree15023.3
4) Tend to disagree12018.6
5) Disagree10416.1
6) Strongly disagree497.6
7) Not sure457.0
Missing22 
TOTAL644100.0
25) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science address fundamentally different types of knowledge (e.g., values/facts, revelation/empirical observation). (SCKNWLDG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree375.7
2) Agree17527.1
3) Tend to agree20131.1
4) Tend to disagree9214.2
5) Disagree7411.5
6) Strongly disagree264.0
7) Not sure416.3
Missing20 
TOTAL646100.0
26) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science use fundamentally different methods and languages (e.g., faith/reason, revelation/experiment, why/how). (SCMTHODS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree538.3
2) Agree22334.9
3) Tend to agree21032.9
4) Tend to disagree6810.6
5) Disagree375.8
6) Strongly disagree121.9
7) Not sure365.6
Missing27 
TOTAL639100.0
27) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science have fundamentally different objects of concern (e.g., God/nature, the soul/the body). (SCOBJCTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree375.8
2) Agree15123.5
3) Tend to agree14322.2
4) Tend to disagree14622.7
5) Disagree10816.8
6) Strongly disagree294.5
7) Not sure294.5
Missing23 
TOTAL643100.0
28) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science use similar methods but focus on different objects (e.g., both require faith, both require personal commitment, both use reason). (SCSIMMTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree386.0
2) Agree19730.9
3) Tend to agree20732.5
4) Tend to disagree8313.0
5) Disagree568.8
6) Strongly disagree182.8
7) Not sure386.0
Missing29 
TOTAL637100.0
29) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science adopt similar approaches to the same aspects of reality (e.g., the Creation). (SCREALTY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60.9
2) Agree7712.1
3) Tend to agree12219.2
4) Tend to disagree17427.4
5) Disagree15123.8
6) Strongly disagree477.4
7) Not sure579.0
Missing32 
TOTAL634100.0
30) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science influence one another constructively. (SCINFLNC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree284.4
2) Agree15224.1
3) Tend to agree24438.7
4) Tend to disagree9915.7
5) Disagree416.5
6) Strongly disagree81.3
7) Not sure589.2
Missing36 
TOTAL630100.0
31) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Science provides support for specific theological doctrines (e.g., the Creation). (SCSCISUP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree284.4
2) Agree14522.8
3) Tend to agree20031.4
4) Tend to disagree10115.9
5) Disagree6410.0
6) Strongly disagree274.2
7) Not sure7211.3
Missing29 
TOTAL637100.0
32) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology can be derived from science or can be a science. (SCTHESCI)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree101.6
2) Agree7411.8
3) Tend to agree10717.0
4) Tend to disagree14823.5
5) Disagree13221.0
6) Strongly disagree7011.1
7) Not sure8814.0
Missing37 
TOTAL629100.0
33) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science are inevitably in conflict with one another. (SCCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree71.1
2) Agree314.9
3) Tend to agree8313.1
4) Tend to disagree20131.8
5) Disagree17227.2
6) Strongly disagree9915.6
7) Not sure406.3
Missing33 
TOTAL633100.0
34) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science depend upon one another (e.g., without theology, science would be meaningless; without science, theology would be irrelevant). (SCDEPEND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree233.6
2) Agree11217.6
3) Tend to agree16926.5
4) Tend to disagree12719.9
5) Disagree10516.5
6) Strongly disagree396.1
7) Not sure639.9
Missing28 
TOTAL638100.0
35) The following statement is a possible way to describe the relation between theology and science. For this statement, indicate your level of agreement or disagreement. - Theology and science can be integrated to form a single unified system of understanding. (SCINTEGR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree507.8
2) Agree14923.1
3) Tend to agree20131.2
4) Tend to disagree9514.8
5) Disagree538.2
6) Strongly disagree233.6
7) Not sure7311.3
Missing22 
TOTAL644100.0
36) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The center of the Earth is very hot. (TFCTRHOT)
TOTAL%
1) True62696.3
2) False243.7
Missing16 
TOTAL650100.0
37) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - All radioactivity is man-made. (TFRADACT)
TOTAL%
1) True264.0
2) False62596.0
Missing15 
TOTAL651100.0
38) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The oxygen we breathe comes from plants. (TFOXYGEN)
TOTAL%
1) True55185.4
2) False9414.6
Missing21 
TOTAL645100.0
39) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - It is the father's chromosome which decides whether the baby is a boy or a girl. (TFCHRMSM)
TOTAL%
1) True56086.8
2) False8513.2
Missing21 
TOTAL645100.0
40) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Lasers work by focusing sound waves. (TFLASERS)
TOTAL%
1) True16526.0
2) False47074.0
Missing31 
TOTAL635100.0
41) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Electrons are smaller than atoms. (TFELCTRN)
TOTAL%
1) True47875.5
2) False15524.5
Missing33 
TOTAL633100.0
42) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Antibiotics kill viruses as well as bacteria. (TFVIRUS)
TOTAL%
1) True12819.8
2) False51880.2
Missing20 
TOTAL646100.0
43) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The universe began with a huge explosion. (TFBGBANG)
TOTAL%
1) True30149.2
2) False31150.8
Missing54 
TOTAL612100.0
44) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The continents on which we live have been moving their location for millions of years and will continue to move in the future. (TFCONTNT)
TOTAL%
1) True58791.3
2) False568.7
Missing23 
TOTAL643100.0
45) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (TFANIMLS)
TOTAL%
1) True30948.8
2) False32451.2
Missing33 
TOTAL633100.0
46) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - Cigarette smoking causes lung cancer. (TFCANCER)
TOTAL%
1) True62195.8
2) False274.2
Missing18 
TOTAL648100.0
47) For the following statement, please indicate whether you believe it is true or false. If you don't know, make your best guess. - The earliest humans lived at the same time as dinosaurs. (TFDINOS)
TOTAL%
1) True17327.2
2) False46372.8
Missing30 
TOTAL636100.0
48) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - To be a faithful Christian I need to keep up with recent developments in science and technology. (AGRECDEV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree609.1
2) Agree18527.9
3) Tend to agree16424.8
4) Tend to disagree8813.3
5) Disagree10616.0
6) Strongly disagree406.0
7) Not sure192.9
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
49) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - To be a faithful Christian I need to actively engage in theological discussion and reflection on developments in science and technology. (AGDISCUS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree558.3
2) Agree19229.0
3) Tend to agree17125.9
4) Tend to disagree8713.2
5) Disagree10916.5
6) Strongly disagree304.5
7) Not sure172.6
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
50) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - The Universe was created by God. (AGUNIVRS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44768.1
2) Agree15623.8
3) Tend to agree284.3
4) Tend to disagree40.6
5) Disagree60.9
6) Strongly disagree10.2
7) Not sure142.1
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
51) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Evolutionary theory is compatible with the idea of God as Creator. (AGEVOLTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14021.3
2) Agree20030.5
3) Tend to agree9714.8
4) Tend to disagree588.8
5) Disagree6910.5
6) Strongly disagree578.7
7) Not sure355.3
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
52) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - My personal faith in God has been strengthened by some of the discoveries of science. (AGFAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12218.5
2) Agree25739.1
3) Tend to agree14421.9
4) Tend to disagree365.5
5) Disagree487.3
6) Strongly disagree152.3
7) Not sure365.5
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
53) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Each human being has an eternal soul created by God. (AGSOUL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree41663.1
2) Agree17927.2
3) Tend to agree294.4
4) Tend to disagree50.8
5) Disagree71.1
6) Strongly disagree10.2
7) Not sure223.3
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
54) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Our minds can be understood entirely through biochemistry and other science, without reference to a soul. (AGBIOCHM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50.8
2) Agree223.3
3) Tend to agree284.2
4) Tend to disagree13921.1
5) Disagree23034.8
6) Strongly disagree21132.0
7) Not sure253.8
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
55) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Human consciousness will one day be entirely explained by science as the workings of natural processes. (AGNATURL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30.5
2) Agree223.4
3) Tend to agree446.7
4) Tend to disagree14021.3
5) Disagree20230.8
6) Strongly disagree17827.1
7) Not sure6710.2
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
56) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Life is so complex that it has to be the deliberate outcome of an intelligent design. (AGCMPLEX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24537.3
2) Agree16324.8
3) Tend to agree12519.0
4) Tend to disagree436.5
5) Disagree345.2
6) Strongly disagree152.3
7) Not sure324.9
Missing9 
TOTAL657100.0
57) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - Humans usurp God's role as Creator when we try to clone a human being. (AGCLONE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14822.4
2) Agree12919.5
3) Tend to agree12418.8
4) Tend to disagree9414.2
5) Disagree8212.4
6) Strongly disagree365.5
7) Not sure477.1
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
58) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - God may suspend the laws of the universe to intervene in human affairs. (AGGODLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12919.9
2) Agree17226.6
3) Tend to agree9414.5
4) Tend to disagree6710.4
5) Disagree7311.3
6) Strongly disagree294.5
7) Not sure8312.8
Missing19 
TOTAL647100.0
59) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? - God controls the fate of the universe. (AGGDFATE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28643.5
2) Agree20130.5
3) Tend to agree8913.5
4) Tend to disagree324.9
5) Disagree162.4
6) Strongly disagree71.1
7) Not sure274.1
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
60) Which travels faster: light or sound? (TRVLFAST)
TOTAL%
1) Light61995.2
2) Sound314.8
Missing16 
TOTAL650100.0
61) What causes the seasons? (SEASONS)
TOTAL%
1) Changes in the distance between the Earth and the Sun11517.9
2) The tilt of the Earth's axis of rotation52882.1
Missing23 
TOTAL643100.0
62) How long does it take for the Earth to revolve around the Sun? (LONGSUN)
TOTAL%
1) One day9915.7
2) One month264.1
3) One year50780.2
Missing34 
TOTAL632100.0
63) How old is the Universe? (OLDUNVRS)
TOTAL%
1) 1 billion30.6
2) 2 billion71.4
3) 3 billion40.8
4) 4 billion122.4
5) 5 billion204.0
6) 6 billion51.0
7) 7 billion10.2
8) 8 billion10.2
9) 9 billion10.2
10) 10 billion61.2
11) 11 billion10.2
12) 12 billion61.2
13) 13 billion51.0
14) 14 billion40.8
15) 15 billion204.0
16) 16 billion30.6
17) 17 billion20.4
18) 18 billion30.6
19) 19 billion10.2
20) 20 billion20.4
21) 21 billion or more234.7
25) Billions9719.6
30) 10,000 years or fewer183.6
31) 10,001-999,999 years40.8
32) 1-999,999,999 millions7014.2
99) No idea - only God knows17535.4
Missing172 
TOTAL494100.0
64) Use the space below to briefly describe, in your own words, what is DNA? (DNA)
TOTAL%
1) Textbook-dictionary definition6612.1
2) Vague but accurate definition25145.9
3) Too vague to be meaningful16730.5
4) Inaccurate-wrong definition6311.5
Missing119 
TOTAL547100.0
65) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Nature. (TVSCINAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44566.8
1) Checked22133.2
TOTAL666100.0
66) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Nova. (TVSCINOV)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43865.8
1) Checked22834.2
TOTAL666100.0
67) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: National Geographic Specials. (TVSCINGS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked32548.8
1) Checked34151.2
TOTAL666100.0
68) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Bill Nye the Science Guy. (TVSCIBN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60190.2
1) Checked659.8
TOTAL666100.0
69) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Scientific American Frontiers. (TVSCISAF)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62994.4
1) Checked375.6
TOTAL666100.0
70) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Discovery Channel. (TVSCIDIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked31747.7
1) Checked34852.3
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
71) Please check if you have watched the following TV science program or channel regularly in the last year: Other (specify). (TVSCIOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63695.6
1) Other checked213.2
8) The Learning Channel81.2
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
72) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Natural History. (SCIMAGNH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65297.9
1) Checked142.1
TOTAL666100.0
73) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Scientific American. (SCIMAGSA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64797.1
1) Checked192.9
TOTAL666100.0
74) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Nature. (SCIMAGNA)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66099.1
1) Checked60.9
TOTAL666100.0
75) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Science Digest. (SCIMAGSD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66499.7
1) Checked20.3
TOTAL666100.0
76) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Science News. (SCIMAGSN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65998.9
1) Checked71.1
TOTAL666100.0
77) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Smithsonian. (SCIMAGSM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked53380.0
1) Checked13320.0
TOTAL666100.0
78) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Discover. (SCIMAGDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63695.5
1) Checked304.5
TOTAL666100.0
79) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Psychology Today. (SCIMAGPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65598.3
1) Checked111.7
TOTAL666100.0
80) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Popular Mechanics. (SCIMAGPM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63294.9
1) Checked345.1
TOTAL666100.0
81) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Science. (SCIMAGSC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65898.8
1) Checked81.2
TOTAL666100.0
82) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Omni. (SCIMAGOM)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66499.7
1) Checked20.3
TOTAL666100.0
83) Please check if you subscribe to the following science-related magazine: Other (specify). (SCIMAGOR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58287.4
1) Checked436.5
3) National Geographic385.7
4) Popular Science30.5
TOTAL666100.0
84) Have you yourself read any books on science or scientific topics in the last year? (SCIBOOK)
TOTAL%
1) No50085.9
2) Yes8214.1
Missing84 
TOTAL582100.0
85) Have you yourself read any books on science and religion in the last year? (BKSCIREL)
TOTAL%
1) No51188.4
2) Yes6711.6
Missing88 
TOTAL578100.0
86) Do you recall any sermons, studies, discussion groups, or presentations at your church in the last year which discussed: the effect of science on society? (EFCTSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11019.2
2) No46380.8
Missing93 
TOTAL573100.0
87) Do you recall any sermons, studies, discussion groups, or presentations at your church in the last year which discussed: the effect to science on religious belief? (EFCTREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13222.9
2) No44477.1
Missing90 
TOTAL576100.0
88) How many college-level science courses have you taken? (COLGSCI)
TOTAL%
0) None9017.7
1) 469.0
2) 7614.9
3) 499.6
4) 5210.2
5) 295.7
6) 316.1
7) 112.2
8) 163.1
9) 71.4
10) 224.3
11) 30.6
12) 112.2
13) 10.2
15) 122.4
16) 10.2
18) 20.4
20) 224.3
21) 30.6
24) 10.2
25) 30.6
27) 20.4
30) 71.4
35) 10.2
40) 10.2
41) 10.2
45) 10.2
47) 10.2
50) 30.6
60) 10.2
70) 10.2
85) 10.2
99) 10.2
Missing157 
TOTAL509100.0
89) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: No (SCIDGRNO)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked25638.5
1) Checked - no degree40961.5
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
90) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: Yes, a B.S. or other 4-year degree (SCIDGRBS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51276.9
1) Checked - Yes, B.S.15423.1
TOTAL666100.0
91) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: Yes, an M.S. or other masters' degree (SCIDGRMS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60891.3
1) Checked - Yes, M.S.588.7
TOTAL666100.0
92) Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?: Yes, a Ph.D. or other doctoral degree (SCIDGPHD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63795.6
1) Checked - Yes, Ph.D.294.4
TOTAL666100.0
93) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1= "Yes" TO SCIDGBS, Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?) Please specify your B.S. major. (SCIDBS)
TOTAL%
1) Agriculture74.8
2) Biology117.5
3) Chemistry85.5
5) Engineering4832.9
6) Environmental Studies10.7
7) Geology21.4
8) Health Education10.7
9) Mathematics74.8
10) Medicine64.1
11) Nursing128.2
12) Pharmacy42.7
13) Physics-Astronomy42.7
15) Social-Behavioral Science96.2
30) Non-Science Field2617.8
Missing520 
TOTAL146100.0
94) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1= "Yes" TO SCIDGMS, Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?) Please specify your M.S. major. (SCIDMS)
TOTAL%
2) Biology47.5
3) Chemistry11.9
4) Computer science11.9
5) Engineering1324.5
6) Environmental studies23.8
7) Geology23.8
11) Nursing23.8
13) Physics-Astronomy11.9
14) Science education11.9
15) Social-behavioral science611.3
30) Non-science field2037.7
Missing613 
TOTAL53100.0
95) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1= "Yes" TO SCIDGPHD, Do you have a college or graduate degree in science or engineering?) Please specify your Ph.D. major. (SCIDPHD)
TOTAL%
1) Agriculture13.7
3) Chemistry518.5
4) Computer science27.4
5) Engineering414.8
10) Medicine311.1
12) Pharmacy13.7
13) Physics-Astronomy518.5
15) Social-behavioral science311.1
30) Non-science field311.1
Missing639 
TOTAL27100.0
96) Does any organization, firm, or institution for which you work conduct or sponsor any scientific or technological research? (If retired or not employed, respond in terms of your most recent paid employment). (WORKSCI)
TOTAL%
1) No41771.3
2) Yes16828.7
Missing81 
TOTAL585100.0
97) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 2= "Yes" TO WORKSCI.) To what extent are you associated with this research? (Choose the one answer that best describes your involvement). (WORKASOC)
TOTAL%
1) Active participant5129.5
2) Managerial oversight2112.1
3) Some familiarity through colleagues7342.2
4) Vague awareness2816.2
Missing493 
TOTAL173100.0
98) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
2) 666100.0
TOTAL666100.0
99) Old code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL666874.688515
100) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? (YEARSMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL66320.38315
101) How far do you live from your congregation? (FARLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) 15223.7
2) 11417.8
3) 9915.4
4) 497.6
5) 6810.6
6) 223.4
7) 274.2
8) 172.6
9) 81.2
10) 284.4
11) 50.8
12) 152.3
13) 10.2
14) 40.6
15) 121.9
16) 30.5
17) 10.2
18) 30.5
19) 20.3
20) 50.8
22) 10.2
25) 20.3
26) 10.2
27) 10.2
30) 10.2
75) 10.2
Missing24 
TOTAL642100.0
102) How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (ATTNDSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never30.5
3) Once or twice a year10.2
4) Several times a year20.3
5) Once a month91.4
6) Two to three times a month619.2
7) Nearly every week34952.4
8) Every week24136.2
TOTAL666100.0
103) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you attend? (MEMMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6381097.0741727
104) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No30.5
2) Yes65599.5
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
105) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDELDER) Are you now serving on session? (SRVELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No649.6
2) Yes60090.4
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
106) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No35754.6
2) Yes29745.4
Missing12 
TOTAL654100.0
107) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDDECON) Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (SRVDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No30996.9
2) Yes103.1
Missing347 
TOTAL319100.0
108) Do you hold the following position in church? - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCHAIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked32048.0
1) Checked34652.0
TOTAL666100.0
109) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSFORCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked30545.8
1) Checked36154.2
TOTAL666100.0
110) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSPRSBY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60390.5
1) Checked639.5
TOTAL666100.0
111) Do you hold the following position in church? - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSOFFCR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked54081.1
1) Checked12618.9
TOTAL666100.0
112) Do you hold the following position in church? - Organist or choir director (POSORGST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65798.6
1) Checked91.4
TOTAL666100.0
113) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of choir (POSCHOIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked53780.6
1) Checked12919.4
TOTAL666100.0
114) Do you hold the following position in church? - Other (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57786.6
1) Checked8913.4
TOTAL666100.0
115) Do you hold the following position in church? - Sunday school teacher (POSTCHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58487.7
1) Checked8212.3
TOTAL666100.0
116) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (NOTJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55383.3
1) Checked11116.7
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
117) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was traveling on business over a weekend and didn't get home in time. (NOTTRVL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51877.9
1) Checked14722.1
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
118) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was ill. (NOTILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked37456.2
1) Checked29143.8
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
119) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (NOTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50175.2
1) Checked16524.8
TOTAL666100.0
120) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was away on vacation. (NOTVACAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked7911.9
1) Checked58588.1
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
121) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (NOTTIME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57786.8
1) Checked8813.2
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
122) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I just didn't feel like going. (NOTFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57586.3
1) Checked9113.7
TOTAL666100.0
123) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - The weather was bad. (NOTWETHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked58988.4
1) Checked7711.6
TOTAL666100.0
124) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I overslept. (NOTSLEEP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked65398.0
1) Checked132.0
TOTAL666100.0
125) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had guests from out-of-town. (NOTGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51176.8
1) Checked15423.2
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
126) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I decided to do something else that day. (NOTELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked55383.0
1) Checked11317.0
TOTAL666100.0
127) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Other (NOTOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64897.3
1) Checked182.7
TOTAL666100.0
128) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Negative view of something (NOTNEGVW)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66299.4
1) Checked40.6
TOTAL666100.0
129) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Went to another church (NOTOTHCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64396.5
1) Checked233.5
TOTAL666100.0
130) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Lack of transportation (NOTTRANS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66599.8
1) Checked10.2
TOTAL666100.0
131) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended church school, include those hours here). (HRSPROGS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours213.2
2) One to two hours7311.1
3) Three to five hours19028.8
4) Six to ten hours20531.1
5) Eleven to twenty hours12018.2
6) More than twenty hours507.6
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
132) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event. (HRSVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours263.9
2) One to two hours11016.7
3) Three to five hours18127.5
4) Six to ten hours18828.5
5) Eleven to twenty hours8212.4
6) More than twenty hours7210.9
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
133) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church. (HRSEVNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours30347.0
2) One to two hours14021.7
3) Three to five hours12519.4
4) Six to ten hours507.8
5) Eleven to twenty hours121.9
6) More than twenty hours152.3
Missing21 
TOTAL645100.0
134) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work). (HRSCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours23836.8
2) One to two hours15724.3
3) Three to five hours12419.2
4) Six to ten hours639.7
5) Eleven to twenty hours324.9
6) More than twenty hours335.1
Missing19 
TOTAL647100.0
135) Compared to two years ago, do you think you participate in church activities more, less, or about the same amount as you did then? (ACT2YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Participate more29043.8
2) About the same participation31147.0
3) Participate less619.2
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
136) How likely is it that you will be a part of your current congregation five years from now? (ACT5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely48372.9
2) Likely10015.1
3) Not sure477.1
4) Not at all likely142.1
5) Not very likely192.9
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
137) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: moving away from this area/community. (LVAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Very important2559.5
2) Important49.5
3) Not very important24.8
4) Not at all important1126.2
Missing624 
TOTAL42100.0
138) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: too much conflict in the congregation. (LVCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important722.6
2) Important722.6
3) Not very important516.1
4) Not at all important1238.7
Missing635 
TOTAL31100.0
139) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't really fit in with most people here. (LVFITIN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important27.1
2) Important414.3
3) Not very important517.9
4) Not at all important1760.7
Missing638 
TOTAL28100.0
140) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW: Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I'm marrying and will switch to my spouse's church. (LVSPOUSE)
TOTAL%
3) Not very important13.7
4) Not at all important2696.3
Missing639 
TOTAL27100.0
141) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't like the programs that it currently offers. (LVPRGRMS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important311.1
2) Important518.5
3) Not very important311.1
4) Not at all important1659.3
Missing639 
TOTAL27100.0
142) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: The worship services often do not satisfy spiritual needs. (LVSPIRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important516.7
2) Important516.7
3) Not very important310.0
4) Not at all important1756.7
Missing636 
TOTAL30100.0
143) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't appreciate the pastor(s). (LVPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important722.6
2) Important39.7
3) Not very important13.2
4) Not at all important2064.5
Missing635 
TOTAL31100.0
144) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I've been drifting away from church and I think that will continue. (LVDRIFT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important311.5
2) Important13.8
3) Not very important13.8
4) Not at all important2180.8
Missing640 
TOTAL26100.0
145) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: others. (LVOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Age/health concerns758.3
2) Denomination325.0
3) All else216.7
Missing654 
TOTAL12100.0
146) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No26740.5
2) Yes39359.5
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
147) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL42230.71318
148) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked57787.0
1) Checked8613.0
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
149) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64396.8
1) Checked213.2
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
150) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63595.6
1) Checked294.4
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
151) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked66099.1
1) Checked60.9
TOTAL666100.0
152) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked62093.1
1) Checked466.9
TOTAL666100.0
153) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50676.0
1) Checked16024.0
TOTAL666100.0
154) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64496.7
1) Checked223.3
TOTAL666100.0
155) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked64196.2
1) Checked253.8
TOTAL666100.0
156) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked63194.7
1) Checked355.3
TOTAL666100.0
157) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked60190.2
1) Checked659.8
TOTAL666100.0
158) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never8312.8
2) Less than once a year274.2
3) Once or twice a year629.6
4) Several times a year639.8
5) About once a month253.9
6) Two to three times a month589.0
7) Nearly every week15924.6
8) Every week14222.0
9) Don't know/not applicable274.2
Missing20 
TOTAL646100.0
159) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never477.4
2) Less than once a year172.7
3) Once or twice a year396.1
4) Several times a year436.7
5) About once a month304.7
6) Two to three times a month7111.1
7) Nearly every week21533.6
8) Every week17226.9
9) Don't know/not applicable50.8
Missing27 
TOTAL639100.0
160) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, please choose the denomination that influenced you the most.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist7411.2
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)192.9
3) Episcopalian203.0
4) Friends (Quaker)30.5
5) Lutheran365.5
6) Methodist10315.6
7) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA30346.0
8) Reformed71.1
9) Roman Catholic213.2
10) UCC (United Church of Christ/Congregational)152.3
11) None152.3
12) Other426.4
99) More than one selected10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
161) Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (CONGRAIS)
TOTAL%
1) No56384.7
2) Yes10215.3
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
162) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative466.9
2) Conservative22133.4
3) Moderate28543.1
4) Liberal9414.2
5) Very liberal162.4
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
163) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal savior? (SAVIOR)
TOTAL%
1) No19629.5
2) Yes46870.5
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
164) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVRSN)
TOTAL%
1) No35754.4
2) Yes29945.6
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
165) Which of the following statements best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.20.3
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.11918.0
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.30546.1
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.16424.8
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.6910.4
9) More than one selected30.5
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
166) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No599.1
2) Yes51178.5
3) Not sure8112.4
Missing15 
TOTAL651100.0
167) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No12719.5
2) Yes31748.6
3) Not sure20831.9
Missing14 
TOTAL652100.0
168) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - reading and studying the Bible regularly (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential22233.5
2) Very important26640.1
3) Somewhat important16024.1
4) Not at all important152.3
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
169) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential34652.3
2) Very important23635.6
3) Somewhat important7911.9
4) Not at all important10.2
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
170) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential7511.4
2) Very important30145.6
3) Somewhat important24737.4
4) Not at all important375.6
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
171) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential16825.5
2) Very important40261.1
3) Somewhat important8512.9
4) Not at all important30.5
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
172) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential26339.8
2) Very important31046.9
3) Somewhat important8112.3
4) Not at all important71.1
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
173) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential16324.5
2) Very important28643.1
3) Somewhat important19930.0
4) Not at all important162.4
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
174) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential49975.2
2) Very important15923.9
3) Somewhat important60.9
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
175) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCIA)
TOTAL%
1) Essential8512.9
2) Very important28743.6
3) Somewhat important25037.9
4) Not at all important375.6
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
176) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential14622.0
2) Very important35753.8
3) Somewhat important14822.3
4) Not at all important132.0
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
177) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential25037.7
2) Very important37856.9
3) Somewhat important365.4
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
178) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential11817.9
2) Very important31948.3
3) Somewhat important20631.2
4) Not at all important172.6
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
179) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - an active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential15022.6
2) Very important30445.9
3) Somewhat important18828.4
4) Not at all important213.2
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
180) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential11016.9
2) Very important21032.2
3) Somewhat important21432.8
4) Not at all important11818.1
Missing14 
TOTAL652100.0
181) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree416.3
2) Agree11918.2
3) Not sure7411.3
4) Disagree30346.3
5) Strongly disagree11818.0
Missing11 
TOTAL655100.0
182) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree253.8
2) Agree11317.1
3) Not sure12118.4
4) Disagree21732.9
5) Strongly disagree18327.8
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
183) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43766.1
2) Agree16224.5
3) Not sure548.2
4) Disagree71.1
5) Strongly disagree10.2
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
184) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32749.5
2) Agree16124.4
3) Not sure8913.5
4) Disagree7110.8
5) Strongly disagree121.8
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
185) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18728.7
2) Agree10115.5
3) Not sure16926.0
4) Disagree12719.5
5) Strongly disagree6710.3
Missing15 
TOTAL651100.0
186) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree152.3
2) Agree517.8
3) Not sure517.8
4) Disagree23736.2
5) Strongly disagree30045.9
Missing12 
TOTAL654100.0
187) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree152.3
2) Agree8513.0
3) Not sure6910.5
4) Disagree34252.1
5) Strongly disagree14522.1
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
188) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21032.1
2) Agree38759.1
3) Not sure396.0
4) Disagree152.3
5) Strongly disagree40.6
Missing11 
TOTAL655100.0
189) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree121.8
2) Agree588.8
3) Not sure15924.1
4) Disagree24136.5
5) Strongly disagree19028.8
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
190) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ is only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree416.3
2) Agree15924.2
3) Not sure11116.9
4) Disagree16124.5
5) Strongly disagree18428.0
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
191) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19529.8
2) Agree21633.0
3) Not sure14822.6
4) Disagree609.2
5) Strongly disagree365.5
Missing11 
TOTAL655100.0
192) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29544.9
2) Agree22133.6
3) Not sure10916.6
4) Disagree243.7
5) Strongly disagree81.2
Missing9 
TOTAL657100.0
193) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32148.8
2) Agree20831.6
3) Not sure10315.7
4) Disagree203.0
5) Strongly disagree60.9
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
194) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No37156.4
2) Yes21232.2
3) Not sure7511.4
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
195) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: drinks alcohol in moderation (ACTALCL)
TOTAL%
1) Admire91.4
2) Think is all right50275.9
3) Mildly disapprove12518.9
4) Highly disapprove253.8
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
196) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is very ambitious (ACTAMBT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire13320.2
2) Think is all right46169.8
3) Mildly disapprove649.7
4) Highly disapprove20.3
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
197) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is satisfied with her/his lot in life (ACTSAT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire19930.3
2) Think is all right39359.9
3) Mildly disapprove599.0
4) Highly disapprove50.8
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
198) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives together in a heterosexual relationship outside of marriage (ACTTOGT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire60.9
2) Think is all right7912.0
3) Mildly disapprove28242.7
4) Highly disapprove29444.5
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
199) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: thinks s/he is better than others (ACTBETR)
TOTAL%
1) Admire10.2
2) Think is all right30.5
3) Mildly disapprove21632.8
4) Highly disapprove43966.6
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
200) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian (ACTGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Admire10.2
2) Think is all right10816.5
3) Mildly disapprove19329.5
4) Highly disapprove35353.9
Missing11 
TOTAL655100.0
201) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian as part of a committed couple (ACTCPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Admire101.5
2) Think is all right13120.0
3) Mildly disapprove16425.0
4) Highly disapprove35153.5
Missing10 
TOTAL656100.0
202) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives her/his faith quietly (ACTQUET)
TOTAL%
1) Admire26640.4
2) Think is all right34452.2
3) Mildly disapprove446.7
4) Highly disapprove50.8
Missing7 
TOTAL659100.0
203) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: cheats on her/his income tax (ACTTAX)
TOTAL%
2) Think is all right40.6
3) Mildly disapprove12719.2
4) Highly disapprove53180.2
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
204) At its 1996 meeting, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) approved the following amendment to the church's constitution, and sent it to the presbyteries for a vote: "Those who are called to office in the church are to lead a life in obedience to Scripture and in conformity to the historic confessional standards of the church. Among these standards is the requirement to live either in fidelity within the covenant of marriage of a man and a woman, or chastity in singleness. Persons refusing to repent of any self-acknowledged practice which the confessions call sin shall not be ordained and/or installed as deacons, elders, or ministers of the Word and Sacrament." What is your opinion on this proposed amendment? Would you like to see it approved by a majority of the presbyteries, or not? (GEN1996)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely favor approval31747.8
2) Probably favor approval10215.4
3) Not sure619.2
4) Probably do not favor approval8312.5
5) Definitely do not favor approval10015.1
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
205) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female32649.0
2) Male33951.0
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
206) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL66056.76412
207) Which of the following categories most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm7411.2
2) On a farm253.8
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)21031.7
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)9213.9
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city527.9
6) In a large city (over 250,000)7611.5
7) In a suburb near a large city13320.1
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
208) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time26640.0
2) Employed part-time619.2
3) Self-employed669.9
4) Unemployed81.2
5) Retired20731.1
6) Full-time homemaker507.5
7) Student10.2
8) Other (specify)60.9
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
209) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
2) Employed part time22.3
3) Self-employed2326.1
5) Retired2123.9
6) Full-time homemaker3034.1
7) Student33.4
8) Other (specify)910.2
Missing578 
TOTAL88100.0
210) If you are employed full time, part time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (AVGHOURS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL41339.87716
211) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married56986.2
2) Not married9113.8
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
212) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married2021.1
2) Yes, am now widowed4042.1
3) Yes, am now divorced3233.7
4) Both widowed and divorced33.2
Missing571 
TOTAL95100.0
213) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
16) 10.2
17) 60.9
18) 233.6
19) 386.0
20) 6410.1
21) 7812.3
22) 10416.4
23) 6410.1
24) 518.0
25) 568.8
26) 426.6
27) 304.7
28) 172.7
29) 193.0
30) 91.4
31) 30.5
32) 71.1
33) 30.5
34) 30.5
35) 30.5
36) 40.6
37) 20.3
38) 10.2
39) 20.3
41) 20.3
42) 10.2
43) 10.2
44) 10.2
68) 10.2
Missing30 
TOTAL636100.0
214) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDEND THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No47485.7
2) Yes, was widowed152.7
3) Yes, was divorced6111.0
4) Both widowed and divorced30.5
Missing113 
TOTAL553100.0
215) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never122.1
2) Less than once a year50.9
3) Once or twice a year162.9
4) Several times a year234.1
5) About once a month203.6
6) Two to three times a month529.3
7) Nearly every week27549.1
8) Every week15728.0
Missing106 
TOTAL560100.0
216) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) No539.4
2) Yes50890.6
Missing105 
TOTAL561100.0
217) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE SPOUSE IS NOT A MEMBER OF THE SAME CONGREGATION WHICH THEY BELONG/SERVE) Which statement best describes where your husband or wife attends church? (SPSATTND)
TOTAL%
1) Generally attends the same congregation that I do2239.3
2) Generally attends another congregation1017.9
3) Sometimes attends my congregation, sometimes another35.4
4) Usually does not attend2137.5
Missing610 
TOTAL56100.0
218) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist6511.8
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)122.2
3) Episcopalian183.3
4) Friends20.4
5) Lutheran437.8
6) Methodist8816.0
7) Presbyterian18533.6
8) Reformed101.8
9) Roman Catholic488.7
10) United Church of Christ173.1
11) None244.4
12) Other397.1
Missing115 
TOTAL551100.0
219) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist30.6
5) Lutheran10.2
6) Methodist10.2
7) Presbyterian46292.8
8) Reformed10.2
9) Roman Catholic102.0
10) United Church of Christ10.2
11) None173.4
12) Other20.4
Missing168 
TOTAL498100.0
220) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time21638.6
2) Employed part time6712.0
3) Self-employed427.5
4) Unemployed30.5
5) Retired14826.4
6) Full-time homemaker8014.3
8) Other40.7
Missing106 
TOTAL560100.0
221) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time11.8
2) Employed part time35.3
3) Self-employed1933.3
4) Unemployed11.8
5) Retired712.3
6) Full-time homemaker1933.3
7) Student11.8
8) Other610.5
Missing609 
TOTAL57100.0
222) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) If your husband or wife is employed full time, part time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
TOTAL%
0) None154.4
2) 20.6
5) 20.6
6) 20.6
7) 10.3
8) 41.2
9) 20.6
10) 51.5
12) 20.6
13) 10.3
15) 51.5
16) 51.5
18) 20.6
20) 257.3
22) 10.3
24) 20.6
25) 30.9
26) 10.3
28) 10.3
30) 154.4
31) 10.3
32) 10.3
33) 10.3
35) 123.5
36) 10.3
38) 51.5
40) 8825.7
41) 20.6
42) 10.3
43) 20.6
44) 30.9
45) 277.9
46) 20.6
48) 30.9
50) 5114.9
53) 10.3
55) 133.8
58) 10.3
60) 164.7
62) 10.3
65) 20.6
66) 10.3
70) 41.2
72) 20.6
80) 30.9
86) 10.3
90) 20.6
Missing323 
TOTAL343100.0
223) How many children have you had? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None7210.8
1) One629.3
2) Two25738.6
3) Three18627.9
4) Four578.6
5) Five263.9
6) Six30.5
7) Seven20.3
9) Nine or more10.2
TOTAL666100.0
224) What age were you, approximately, when your first child was born? (AGEKID)
TOTAL%
16) 10.2
17) 10.2
18) 40.7
19) 162.7
20) 203.4
21) 305.1
22) 396.6
23) 457.6
24) 549.1
25) 6310.6
26) 579.6
27) 477.9
28) 406.8
29) 396.6
30) 508.4
31) 132.2
32) 183.0
33) 81.4
34) 91.5
35) 122.0
36) 50.8
37) 111.9
38) 61.0
40) 30.5
44) 10.2
Missing74 
TOTAL592100.0
225) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No62593.8
2) Yes416.2
TOTAL666100.0
226) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One2359.0
2) Two1435.9
3) Three12.6
4) Four12.6
Missing627 
TOTAL39100.0
227) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No57089.8
2) Yes6510.2
Missing31 
TOTAL635100.0
228) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One1827.3
2) Two2842.4
3) Three1725.8
4) Four11.5
5) Five23.0
Missing600 
TOTAL66100.0
229) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone6610.0
2) Two of us36455.0
3) Three of us9714.7
4) Four of us9714.7
5) Five of us335.0
6) Six of us30.5
7) Seven or more of us20.3
Missing4 
TOTAL662100.0
230) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None10164.7
1) One3925.0
2) Two149.0
3) Three10.6
4) Four10.6
Missing510 
TOTAL156100.0
231) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None8945.9
1) One6935.6
2) Two3015.5
3) Three63.1
Missing472 
TOTAL194100.0
232) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None8143.8
1) One8646.5
2) Two179.2
3) Three10.5
Missing481 
TOTAL185100.0
233) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None9267.6
1) One3727.2
2) Two64.4
3) Three10.7
Missing530 
TOTAL136100.0
234) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None50.8
1) One7311.5
2) Two51581.2
3) Three355.5
4) Four60.9
Missing32 
TOTAL634100.0
235) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household.) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone649.7
2) A single parent, living with one or more children132.0
3) A married couple, no children in household33150.3
4) A married couple, living with one or more children21232.2
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household30.5
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children233.5
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children91.4
9) Roomates10.2
11) Some other arrangement20.3
Missing8 
TOTAL658100.0
236) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you192.9
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage25939.0
3) Owned by you with a mortgage37656.6
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)91.4
5) Other10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
237) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama50.8
5) Arkansas71.1
6) California324.8
8) Colorado60.9
9) Connecticut50.8
10) Delaware30.5
11) District of Columbia20.3
12) Florida142.1
13) Georgia121.8
16) Idaho30.5
17) Illinois466.9
18) Indiana182.7
19) Iowa203.0
20) Kansas162.4
21) Kentucky81.2
22) Louisiana40.6
23) Maine10.2
24) Maryland91.4
25) Massachusetts60.9
26) Michigan385.7
27) Minnesota182.7
28) Mississippi50.8
29) Missouri132.0
30) Montana60.9
31) Nebraska132.0
34) New Jersey91.4
35) New Mexico10.2
36) New York456.8
37) North Carolina436.5
38) North Dakota81.2
39) Ohio446.6
40) Oklahoma192.9
41) Oregon30.5
42) Pennsylvania6810.2
45) South Carolina152.3
46) South Dakota81.2
47) Tennessee182.7
48) Texas223.3
51) Virginia203.0
53) Washington50.8
54) West Virginia20.3
55) Wisconsin71.1
56) Wyoming20.3
57) USA30.5
70) Great Britain50.8
73) Germany20.3
77) Other Western Europe10.2
80) Northern Africa10.2
92) Japan20.3
95) Phillipines10.2
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
238) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None53582.1
1) One6710.3
2) Two324.9
3) Three111.7
4) Four20.3
5) Five40.6
99) Many10.2
Missing14 
TOTAL652100.0
239) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) None446.6
1) One14221.4
2) Two12518.9
3) Three14722.2
4) Four8613.0
5) Five538.0
6) Six253.8
7) Seven203.0
8) Eight101.5
9) Nine40.6
10) Ten30.5
12) Twelve10.2
14) Fourteen10.2
30) Thirty10.2
99) Many10.2
Missing3 
TOTAL663100.0
240) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat16625.1
2) Independent11216.9
3) Republican37056.0
4) Other132.0
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
241) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian65398.3
2) Black or African-American40.6
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native10.2
4) Asian or Pacific Islander20.3
6) Multiracial10.2
7) Some other race30.5
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0
242) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian350.0
2) Black or African-American116.7
3) Indian (American) or Alaska Native116.7
5) Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin116.7
Missing660 
TOTAL6100.0
243) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them-including yourself-earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None12619.4
1) One17727.3
2) Two24137.2
3) Three7010.8
4) Four243.7
5) Five71.1
6) Six20.3
7) Seven10.2
Missing18 
TOTAL648100.0
244) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,00060.9
2) $10,000- $14,99991.4
3) $15,000- $19,999101.6
4) $20,000- $29,999528.2
5) $30,000- $39,999538.4
6) $40,000- $49,9997411.7
7) $50,000- $59,9997812.3
8) $60,000- $69,999558.7
9) $70,000- $79,999548.5
10) $80,000- $89,999426.6
11) $90,000- $99,999457.1
12) $100,000- $124,9997311.5
13) $125,000- $149,999223.5
14) $150,000 or more619.6
Missing32 
TOTAL634100.0
245) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, Social Security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings16926.0
2) 90-99% from earnings15123.2
3) 75-89% from earnings538.2
4) 50-74% from earnings406.2
5) 25-49% from earnings304.6
6) 1-24% from earnings7711.8
7) None from earnings13020.0
Missing16 
TOTAL650100.0
246) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6423373.8438325
247) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5082785.47413382
248) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6021567.82911453
249) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $018128.3
2) $1-$5011017.2
3) $51-$1008413.1
4) $101-$50012719.8
5) $501-$1,000548.4
6) $1,001-$2,000345.3
7) $2,001 or more507.8
Missing26 
TOTAL640100.0
250) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $081.2
2) $1-$508613.3
3) $51-$10010315.9
4) $101-$50022134.2
5) $501-$1,0009715.0
6) $1,001-$2,000578.8
7) $2,001 or more7511.6
Missing19 
TOTAL647100.0
251) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast11116.7
2) Midwest21532.3
3) South23635.4
4) West10415.6
TOTAL666100.0
252) Total number of members 1996 (TOTMEM96)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL666804.653790
253) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female32649.0
2) Male33951.0
Missing1 
TOTAL665100.0
254) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married56986.2
2) Not married9113.8
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
255) I-REGION: Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast11116.7
2) Midwest21532.3
3) South23635.4
4) West10415.6
TOTAL666100.0
256) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat16625.1
2) Independent11216.9
3) Republican37056.0
4) Other132.0
Missing5 
TOTAL661100.0
257) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K253.9
1) 20K-49,99917928.2
2) 50K-99,99927443.2
3) 100K+15624.6
Missing32 
TOTAL634100.0
258) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) <406610.0
1) 40-4913720.8
2) 50-6423836.1
3) 65+21933.2
Missing6 
TOTAL660100.0
259) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White65398.3
1) Black40.6
2) Other71.1
Missing2 
TOTAL664100.0