Presbyterian Panel Survey, May 1999 - Sabbath-Keeping, Members

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent identification number (NEWCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL53510570.092360
2) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: joy and celebration? (SUNJOY)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely17031.8
2) Likely25547.7
3) Not too likely10619.8
4) Not at all likely40.7
TOTAL535100.0
3) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: worship? (SUNWRSHP)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely46487.1
2) Likely6311.8
3) Not too likely40.8
4) Not at all likely20.4
Missing2 
TOTAL533100.0
4) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: rules and restrictions? (SUNRULES)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely132.5
2) Likely7414.1
3) Not too likely25047.7
4) Not at all likely18735.7
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
5) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: obligations? (SUNOBLIG)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely8616.3
2) Likely19136.2
3) Not too likely17533.2
4) Not at all likely7514.2
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
6) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: recreation/fun? (SUNFUN)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely6211.9
2) Likely29155.6
3) Not too likely14627.9
4) Not at all likely244.6
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
7) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: going to church? (SUNCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely45385.0
2) Likely6812.8
3) Not too likely91.7
4) Not at all likely30.6
Missing2 
TOTAL533100.0
8) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: acts of compassion? (SUNCMPSN)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely9518.2
2) Likely25448.8
3) Not too likely15730.1
4) Not at all likely152.9
Missing14 
TOTAL521100.0
9) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: honoring the Sabbath? (SUNSABTH)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely24445.9
2) Likely20238.0
3) Not too likely7914.8
4) Not at all likely71.3
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
10) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: rest? (SUNREST)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely14327.0
2) Likely25949.0
3) Not too likely10519.8
4) Not at all likely224.2
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
11) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: rejuvenating your spirits? (SUNREJUV)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely22041.7
2) Likely24446.2
3) Not too likely5510.4
4) Not at all likely91.7
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
12) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: retreating from the bustle of the world? (SUNRETRT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely13325.3
2) Likely22743.2
3) Not too likely14126.8
4) Not at all likely254.8
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
13) When you think of the word "Sunday," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sunday" in your own mind with: visiting with family/friends? (SUNVISIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely15929.9
2) Likely28052.7
3) Not too likely8716.4
4) Not at all likely50.9
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
14) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: a particular day of the week? (SABWEEK)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely41377.2
2) Likely10419.4
3) Not too likely132.4
4) Not at all likely50.9
TOTAL535100.0
15) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: a Jewish custom? (SABJEWSH)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely7614.5
2) Likely10720.4
3) Not too likely18735.6
4) Not at all likely15529.5
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
16) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: a Christian practice? (SABCRSTN)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely24045.1
2) Likely21941.2
3) Not too likely6612.4
4) Not at all likely71.3
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
17) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: rules and restrictions? (SABRULES)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely326.0
2) Likely10519.8
3) Not too likely25447.8
4) Not at all likely14026.4
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
18) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: one of the Ten Commandments? (SABTENCM)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely15829.8
2) Likely20137.9
3) Not too likely14126.6
4) Not at all likely315.8
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
19) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: obligations? (SABOBLIG)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely6211.7
2) Likely21340.2
3) Not too likely19837.4
4) Not at all likely5710.8
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
20) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: something that needs to be restored? (SABRSTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely11121.2
2) Likely18335.0
3) Not too likely17633.7
4) Not at all likely5310.1
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
21) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: showing the Kingdom of God to the world? (SABKNGDM)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely9618.1
2) Likely19737.2
3) Not too likely19136.1
4) Not at all likely458.5
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
22) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: rest and restoration? (SABREST)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely13926.2
2) Likely27652.1
3) Not too likely9718.3
4) Not at all likely183.4
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
23) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: social and economic justice? (SABJUSTC)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely91.7
2) Likely7714.8
3) Not too likely28654.9
4) Not at all likely14928.6
Missing14 
TOTAL521100.0
24) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: shalom? (SABSHLOM)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely316.0
2) Likely9318.1
3) Not too likely19638.1
4) Not at all likely19537.9
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
25) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: jubilee? (SABJUBIL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely336.4
2) Likely10219.7
3) Not too likely22844.0
4) Not at all likely15529.9
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
26) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: recreation/fun? (SABFUN)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely5310.1
2) Likely21841.4
3) Not too likely20238.4
4) Not at all likely5310.1
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
27) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: visiting with family or friends? (SABVISIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely11621.9
2) Likely27051.0
3) Not too likely12122.9
4) Not at all likely224.2
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
28) When you think of the word "Sabbath," what else comes to mind? Specifically, how likely are you to associate "Sabbath" in your own mind with: worship? (SABWRSHP)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely40976.7
2) Likely11020.6
3) Not too likely101.9
4) Not at all likely40.8
Missing2 
TOTAL533100.0
29) At any time in your life have you lived where: most stores were closed on Sunday? (LIVSTORE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46486.9
2) No6812.7
3) Don't know20.4
Missing1 
TOTAL534100.0
30) At any time in your life have you lived where: movie theaters were closed on Sunday? (LIVMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23544.0
2) No23744.4
3) Don't know6211.6
Missing1 
TOTAL534100.0
31) How did you spend last Sunday? - attended a morning worship service (LASTWRSH)
TOTAL%
1) Checked396100.0
Missing139 
TOTAL396100.0
32) How did you spend last Sunday? - attended a movie, play, concert, or exhibit (LASTPLAY)
TOTAL%
1) Checked39100.0
Missing496 
TOTAL39100.0
33) How did you spend last Sunday? - attended a sporting event (LASTEVNT)
TOTAL%
1) Checked18100.0
Missing517 
TOTAL18100.0
34) How did you spend last Sunday? - attended church school (LASTSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Checked126100.0
Missing409 
TOTAL126100.0
35) How did you spend last Sunday? - participated in church activities (LASTACT)
TOTAL%
1) Checked210100.0
Missing325 
TOTAL210100.0
36) How did you spend last Sunday? - relaxed/took a nap (LASTNAP)
TOTAL%
1) Checked241100.0
Missing294 
TOTAL241100.0
37) How did you spend last Sunday? - spent time on a hobby (LASTHOBY)
TOTAL%
1) Checked113100.0
Missing422 
TOTAL113100.0
38) How did you spend last Sunday? - participated in sports (LASTSPRT)
TOTAL%
1) Checked38100.0
Missing497 
TOTAL38100.0
39) How did you spend last Sunday? - visited with friends or relatives (LASTVIST)
TOTAL%
1) Checked316100.0
Missing219 
TOTAL316100.0
40) How did you spend last Sunday? - went shopping (LASTSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) Checked70100.0
Missing465 
TOTAL70100.0
41) How did you spend last Sunday? - worked for pay/spent time on employment-related work (LASTWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Checked39100.0
Missing496 
TOTAL39100.0
42) How did you spend last Sunday? - read a newspaper (LASTNEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Checked371100.0
Missing164 
TOTAL371100.0
43) How did you spend last Sunday? - read a book or magazine (LASTBOOK)
TOTAL%
1) Checked247100.0
Missing288 
TOTAL247100.0
44) How did you spend last Sunday? - did laundry, cleaning, or other household chores (LASTCHOR)
TOTAL%
1) Checked158100.0
Missing377 
TOTAL158100.0
45) How did you spend last Sunday? - traveled on business (LASTBUSN)
TOTAL%
1) Checked5100.0
Missing530 
TOTAL5100.0
46) How did you spend last Sunday? - traveled on vacation or for personal reasons (LASTPERS)
TOTAL%
1) Checked43100.0
Missing492 
TOTAL43100.0
47) How did you spend last Sunday? - did volunteer work in the community (LASTVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Checked13100.0
Missing522 
TOTAL13100.0
48) How did you spend last Sunday? - took care of a sick or disabled family member or friend (LASTSICK)
TOTAL%
1) Checked32100.0
Missing503 
TOTAL32100.0
49) How did you spend last Sunday? - watched television (LASTTV)
TOTAL%
1) Checked378100.0
Missing157 
TOTAL378100.0
50) How did you spend last Sunday? - spent time in bed or at home because of an illness or injury (LASTNBED)
TOTAL%
1) Checked23100.0
Missing512 
TOTAL23100.0
51) How did you spend last Sunday? - went for a drive (LASTDRIV)
TOTAL%
1) Checked80100.0
Missing455 
TOTAL80100.0
52) How did you spend last Sunday? - worked in the yard/garden (LASTYARD)
TOTAL%
1) Checked154100.0
Missing381 
TOTAL154100.0
53) How did you spend last Sunday? - took a walk/hike (LASTWALK)
TOTAL%
1) Checked110100.0
Missing425 
TOTAL110100.0
54) How did you spend last Sunday? - exercised/ran/jogged (LASTEXER)
TOTAL%
1) Checked50100.0
Missing485 
TOTAL50100.0
55) How did you spend last Sunday? - took care of children/grandchildren (LASTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Checked96100.0
Missing439 
TOTAL96100.0
56) How did you spend last Sunday? - mowed the lawn (LASTLAWN)
TOTAL%
1) Checked30100.0
Missing505 
TOTAL30100.0
57) How did you spend last Sunday? - washed a car (LASTCAR)
TOTAL%
1) Checked14100.0
Missing521 
TOTAL14100.0
58) How did you spend last Sunday? - surfed the Internet (LASTCOMP)
TOTAL%
1) Checked40100.0
Missing495 
TOTAL40100.0
59) How did you spend last Sunday? - spent time in personal prayer or devotions (LASTPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Checked185100.0
Missing350 
TOTAL185100.0
60) How did you spend last Sunday? - visited shut-ins or the sick (LASTSHUT)
TOTAL%
1) Checked19100.0
Missing516 
TOTAL19100.0
61) How did you spend last Sunday? - ate a "special" meal (e.g., with extended family or with friends) (LASTMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Checked163100.0
Missing372 
TOTAL163100.0
62) How did you spend last Sunday? - ate a meal at a restaurant or cafeteria (LASTCAF)
TOTAL%
1) Checked141100.0
Missing394 
TOTAL141100.0
63) How did you spend last Sunday? - did home chores/personal business (e.g., home repairs, bill paying) (LASTHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Checked118100.0
Missing417 
TOTAL118100.0
64) How did you spend last Sunday? - other (LASTOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Checked28100.0
Missing507 
TOTAL28100.0
65) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: attend worship at church on Sunday morning? (FAMMORN)
TOTAL%
1) Every week31058.2
2) Most weeks14427.0
3) Occasionally448.3
4) Rarely203.8
5) Never152.8
Missing2 
TOTAL533100.0
66) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: attend worship at church on Sunday evening? (FAMEVNG)
TOTAL%
1) Every week7314.6
2) Most weeks5611.2
3) Occasionally7715.4
4) Rarely11422.8
5) Never18136.1
Missing34 
TOTAL501100.0
67) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: attend children-oriented activities at church? (FAMKIDOR)
TOTAL%
1) Every week16531.6
2) Most weeks14527.8
3) Occasionally11421.8
4) Rarely5811.1
5) Never407.7
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
68) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: take part in fun activities as a family? (FAMFUNAC)
TOTAL%
1) Every week9718.7
2) Most weeks18836.3
3) Occasionally18134.9
4) Rarely428.1
5) Never101.9
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
69) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: visit shut-ins? (FAMSHTIN)
TOTAL%
1) Every week122.4
2) Most weeks346.7
3) Occasionally15730.9
4) Rarely16532.5
5) Never14027.6
Missing27 
TOTAL508100.0
70) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: eat a special meal at noon or evening? (FAMMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Every week22242.1
2) Most weeks19537.0
3) Occasionally6712.7
4) Rarely234.4
5) Never203.8
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
71) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: visit other family and friends? (FAMVISIT)
TOTAL%
1) Every week6612.8
2) Most weeks18936.7
3) Occasionally20940.6
4) Rarely397.6
5) Never122.3
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
72) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: go shopping? (FAMSHOPN)
TOTAL%
1) Every week71.4
2) Most weeks81.6
3) Occasionally7615.3
4) Rarely15330.7
5) Never25451.0
Missing37 
TOTAL498100.0
73) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: mow the yard/do other yard work? (FAMMOWYD)
TOTAL%
1) Every week173.4
2) Most weeks469.2
3) Occasionally12024.0
4) Rarely14328.6
5) Never17434.8
Missing35 
TOTAL500100.0
74) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: hold family devotions (e.g., say prayers, read the Bible, sing hymns)? (FAMDEVOT)
TOTAL%
1) Every week326.3
2) Most weeks316.1
3) Occasionally9418.5
4) Rarely13726.9
5) Never21542.2
Missing26 
TOTAL509100.0
75) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: attend sporting events or play sports? (FAMSPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Every week71.4
2) Most weeks224.4
3) Occasionally12625.1
4) Rarely14829.5
5) Never19839.5
Missing34 
TOTAL501100.0
76) On Sundays when you were growing up (say, around ages 6-10), how often did you or your family: other? (specify) (FAMOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Every week1025.0
2) Most weeks410.0
3) Occasionally717.5
4) Rarely25.0
5) Never1742.5
Missing495 
TOTAL40100.0
77) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: grocery shopping? (AVDGROC)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided21241.4
2) Usually avoided15129.5
3) Sometimes avoided214.1
4) Never avoided10620.7
5) Not sure224.3
Missing23 
TOTAL512100.0
78) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: shopping for clothing? (AVDCLOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided26652.0
2) Usually avoided11021.5
3) Sometimes avoided214.1
4) Never avoided9819.1
5) Not sure173.3
Missing23 
TOTAL512100.0
79) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: other household shopping? (AVDSHOP)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided24548.1
2) Usually avoided12524.6
3) Sometimes avoided234.5
4) Never avoided9819.3
5) Not sure183.5
Missing26 
TOTAL509100.0
80) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: playing competitive sports? (AVDSPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided15330.6
2) Usually avoided9218.4
3) Sometimes avoided5911.8
4) Never avoided15531.0
5) Not sure418.2
Missing35 
TOTAL500100.0
81) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: watching television? (AVDTV)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided10524.4
2) Usually avoided133.0
3) Sometimes avoided4510.4
4) Never avoided25258.5
5) Not sure163.7
Missing104 
TOTAL431100.0
82) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: going to the movies? (AVDMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided14528.9
2) Usually avoided9017.9
3) Sometimes avoided6212.4
4) Never avoided18336.5
5) Not sure224.4
Missing33 
TOTAL502100.0
83) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: listening to the radio? (AVDRADIO)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided152.9
2) Usually avoided193.7
3) Sometimes avoided5410.6
4) Never avoided40679.8
5) Not sure152.9
Missing26 
TOTAL509100.0
84) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: playing recorded music? (AVDMUSIC)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided296.0
2) Usually avoided265.4
3) Sometimes avoided367.5
4) Never avoided36375.2
5) Not sure296.0
Missing52 
TOTAL483100.0
85) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: performing/practicing a musical instrument? (AVDINSTR)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided387.9
2) Usually avoided316.5
3) Sometimes avoided408.4
4) Never avoided32868.6
5) Not sure418.6
Missing57 
TOTAL478100.0
86) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: mowing the lawn or other yard work? (AVDMOW)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided17634.6
2) Usually avoided8817.3
3) Sometimes avoided6011.8
4) Never avoided16532.5
5) Not sure193.7
Missing27 
TOTAL508100.0
87) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: eating at a restaurant/cafeteria? (AVDRESTR)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided8817.9
2) Usually avoided8216.7
3) Sometimes avoided7415.1
4) Never avoided22846.4
5) Not sure193.9
Missing44 
TOTAL491100.0
88) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: doing schoolwork? (AVDSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided122.4
2) Usually avoided336.5
3) Sometimes avoided6212.2
4) Never avoided38776.0
5) Not sure152.9
Missing26 
TOTAL509100.0
89) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: cooking meals? (AVDCOOK)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided101.9
2) Usually avoided101.9
3) Sometimes avoided336.4
4) Never avoided46289.4
5) Not sure20.4
Missing18 
TOTAL517100.0
90) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: playing games? (AVDGAMES)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided91.7
2) Usually avoided183.5
3) Sometimes avoided6312.2
4) Never avoided41280.0
5) Not sure132.5
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
91) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain activities on Sundays, such as: traveling? (AVDTRAVL)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided183.5
2) Usually avoided367.1
3) Sometimes avoided6813.4
4) Never avoided36571.7
5) Not sure224.3
Missing26 
TOTAL509100.0
92) When you were growing up (say, ages 6-10), did your family seek to avoid certain types of activities on Sundays, such as: other? (AVDOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Always avoided612.2
2) Usually avoided24.1
3) Sometimes avoided12.0
4) Never avoided3367.3
5) Not sure714.3
Missing486 
TOTAL49100.0
93) Do you believe that people in the U.S. generally have more free (discretionary) time, less free time, or about the same amount of free time as they did five years ago? (MORETIME)
TOTAL%
1) More9117.1
2) Less25147.2
3) About the same17332.5
4) No opinion173.2
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
94) Do you believe that you personally have more free (discretionary) time, less free time, or about the same amount of free time as you did: one year ago? (TIME1YR)
TOTAL%
1) More11621.9
2) Less11922.5
3) About the same28854.4
4) No opinion30.6
5) Not applicable30.6
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
95) Do you believe that you personally have more free (discretionary) time, less free time, or about the same amount of free time as you did: five years ago? (TIME5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) More14828.5
2) Less17633.8
3) About the same18836.2
4) No opinion51.0
5) Not applicable30.6
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
96) Do you believe that you personally have more free (discretionary) time, less free time, or about the same amount of free time as you did: 25 years ago? (TIME25YR)
TOTAL%
1) More20439.5
2) Less23545.5
3) About the same438.3
4) No opinion163.1
5) Not applicable193.7
Missing18 
TOTAL517100.0
97) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: a shift from the U.S. being a religious nation toward being a more secular nation (CHGSECLR)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent14126.6
2) Great extent20939.4
3) Some extent13425.3
4) A little356.6
5) None at all112.1
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
98) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: a rejection of what were experienced as unnecessarily restrictive practices on Sunday (CHGRESTR)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent5811.1
2) Great extent17333.1
3) Some extent20338.8
4) A little6312.0
5) None at all265.0
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
99) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: growing sense that restrictive practices were obsolete (CHGOBSLT)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent7113.7
2) Great extent16832.4
3) Some extent20639.7
4) A little489.2
5) None at all265.0
Missing16 
TOTAL519100.0
100) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: the social and cultural upheavals of the 1960s and their aftermath (CHGCLTRL)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent7714.9
2) Great extent15630.2
3) Some extent18335.5
4) A little6913.4
5) None at all316.0
Missing19 
TOTAL516100.0
101) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: failure of the church to articulate the need for (and meaning of) a day of rest (CHGDYRST)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent6011.5
2) Great extent11922.8
3) Some extent21641.5
4) A little7815.0
5) None at all489.2
Missing14 
TOTAL521100.0
102) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: people themselves, seeking to have more individual freedom to do what they want to do when they want to do it (CHGINDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent18835.7
2) Great extent22142.0
3) Some extent9718.4
4) A little163.0
5) None at all40.8
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
103) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: cultural overemphasis on achievement/productivity (CHGPRDCT)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent11622.2
2) Great extent21741.6
3) Some extent14427.6
4) A little336.3
5) None at all122.3
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
104) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: governments, by such things as weakening or eliminating "Sunday closing" laws (CHGGOVT)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent13225.1
2) Great extent17833.9
3) Some extent15128.8
4) A little407.6
5) None at all244.6
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
105) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: increased participation of mothers and other women in the workforce (CHGMOMS)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent12223.2
2) Great extent24346.2
3) Some extent12323.4
4) A little264.9
5) None at all122.3
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
106) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: increasing levels of education across the population (CHGEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent234.5
2) Great extent7715.1
3) Some extent21341.8
4) A little10620.8
5) None at all9117.8
Missing25 
TOTAL510100.0
107) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: a culture of materialism and consumption (CHGMATRL)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent16632.0
2) Great extent20239.0
3) Some extent12624.3
4) A little234.4
5) None at all10.2
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
108) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: changing economic conditions that make it more difficult for one adult to support an entire family (CHGECON)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent12123.3
2) Great extent21641.5
3) Some extent13425.8
4) A little346.5
5) None at all152.9
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
109) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: lack of participation in church (CHGPART)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent15229.2
2) Great extent21140.6
3) Some extent12824.6
4) A little244.6
5) None at all51.0
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
110) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: the growth and expansion of television and other communication technology (CHGTECH)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent11521.9
2) Great extent23444.7
3) Some extent13024.8
4) A little377.1
5) None at all81.5
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
111) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: professional/college sports played on Sunday (CHGPROFS)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent11622.2
2) Great extent16431.4
3) Some extent17132.7
4) A little509.6
5) None at all224.2
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
112) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: increase in amateur, school, and community sports leagues/games on Sunday (CHGSCHLS)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent9117.3
2) Great extent15429.3
3) Some extent18635.4
4) A little7414.1
5) None at all214.0
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
113) How people in the U.S. spend their time on Sundays has changed over the last several decades. To what extent do you think this change is due to: other (CHGOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Very great extent1150.0
2) Great extent627.3
3) Some extent29.1
5) None at all313.6
Missing513 
TOTAL22100.0
114) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: volunteer in the community (HR7VOL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely438.4
2) Likely18135.3
3) Not very likely25249.1
4) Not at all likely377.2
Missing22 
TOTAL513100.0
115) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: watch television (HR7TV)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely91.8
2) Likely12524.3
3) Not very likely25649.8
4) Not at all likely12424.1
Missing21 
TOTAL514100.0
116) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: work for pay (HR7WORK)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely122.4
2) Likely6412.5
3) Not very likely22544.1
4) Not at all likely20941.0
Missing25 
TOTAL510100.0
117) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: take part in sports (HR7SPORT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely61.2
2) Likely7815.2
3) Not very likely19738.4
4) Not at all likely23245.2
Missing22 
TOTAL513100.0
118) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: do household chores (HR7CHORE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely428.1
2) Likely30258.5
3) Not very likely12925.0
4) Not at all likely438.3
Missing19 
TOTAL516100.0
119) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: participate in church (HR7CHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely6813.1
2) Likely23745.8
3) Not very likely19036.7
4) Not at all likely234.4
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
120) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: pray or meditate (HR7PRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely469.0
2) Likely20640.2
3) Not very likely22543.9
4) Not at all likely367.0
Missing22 
TOTAL513100.0
121) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: read the Bible or devotional literature (HR7BIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely458.8
2) Likely20940.7
3) Not very likely22443.6
4) Not at all likely367.0
Missing21 
TOTAL514100.0
122) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: visit with family/friends (HR7VISIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely6913.3
2) Likely32662.9
3) Not very likely11622.4
4) Not at all likely71.4
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
123) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: spend quiet time alone (HR7ALONE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely8516.4
2) Likely30258.3
3) Not very likely11021.2
4) Not at all likely214.1
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
124) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: listen to music (HR7MUSIC)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely6212.1
2) Likely25750.1
3) Not very likely16231.6
4) Not at all likely326.2
Missing22 
TOTAL513100.0
125) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: sleep/nap/rest (HR7SLEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely6312.1
2) Likely23344.9
3) Not very likely17233.1
4) Not at all likely519.8
Missing16 
TOTAL519100.0
126) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: take up or pursue a hobby/personal enrichment (HR7HOBBY)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely397.6
2) Likely23044.6
3) Not very likely19537.8
4) Not at all likely5210.1
Missing19 
TOTAL516100.0
127) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: attend plays, concerts, or other cultural events (HR7CLTRL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely316.0
2) Likely16532.1
3) Not very likely25649.8
4) Not at all likely6212.1
Missing21 
TOTAL514100.0
128) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: read for pleasure (HR7READ)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely11622.3
2) Likely32863.1
3) Not very likely6712.9
4) Not at all likely91.7
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
129) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: spend time with people in need (HR7PPL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely275.2
2) Likely17934.8
3) Not very likely27553.4
4) Not at all likely346.6
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
130) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: exercise (HR7EXERC)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely387.4
2) Likely25449.1
3) Not very likely18736.2
4) Not at all likely387.4
Missing18 
TOTAL517100.0
131) All of us are limited by the number of hours in the day. Suppose, as a thought exercise, that the day were suddenly extended by one hour, to 25 hours, so that, in turn, each of us had an additional seven hours per week to use as we saw fit. How would you use the extra seven hours? To answer, indicate how likely it is that you would use a significant portion of that additional time to: other (specify) (HR7OTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely420.0
2) Likely630.0
3) Not very likely315.0
4) Not at all likely735.0
Missing515 
TOTAL20100.0
132) Would you favor or oppose laws that would: require employers to allow people to take a particular day off each week for religious reasons? (LAWRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely favor8416.0
2) Yes, generally favor12924.6
3) Yes, somewhat favor7414.1
4) No, generally not favor21040.1
5) Not sure275.2
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
133) Would you favor or oppose laws that would: increase the minimum wage so that fewer people would need to work over 40 hours a week solely out of economic necessity? (LAWMINWG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely favor7113.5
2) Yes, generally favor12423.6
3) Yes, somewhat favor11922.6
4) No, generally not favor18535.2
5) Not sure275.1
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
134) Would you favor or oppose laws that would: require every retail business to be closed one day each week? (LAWCLOSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely favor499.3
2) Yes, generally favor7714.6
3) Yes, somewhat favor9818.6
4) No, generally not favor27552.1
5) Not sure295.5
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
135) Would you favor or oppose laws that would: limit retail activity before noon on Sundays? (LAWNOON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely favor15930.0
2) Yes, generally favor13525.5
3) Yes, somewhat favor7313.8
4) No, generally not favor14727.7
5) Not sure163.0
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
136) Before receiving this survey, how familiar were you with the term, "Sabbath-keeping"? (FAMSABTH)
TOTAL%
1) Very familiar19737.2
2) Generally familiar19436.6
3) A little familiar6011.3
4) Not very familiar458.5
5) Not at all familiar346.4
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
137) The PC(USA) Workgroup on Sabbath-Keeping defines Sabbath-keeping as "'resting from our work so God can do God's work in us' (John Calvin). It involves those practices through which we provide God the time and space necessary to restore our souls. These include corporate worship, private devotions, and deep enjoyment of other persons and the world around us." What's your opinion of this definition? (OPINDEF)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent25047.1
2) Good25948.8
3) Mediocre203.8
4) Poor20.4
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
138) (The PC(USA) Workgroup on Sabbath-Keeping defines Sabbath-keeping as "'resting from our work so God can do God's work in us' (John Calvin). It involves those practices through which we provide God the time and space necessary to restore our souls. These include corporate worship, private devotions, and deep enjoyment of other persons and the world around us.") While historically a particular day of the week was set aside for Sabbath, in this definition the concept of "Sabbath-keeping" is used more generally to refer to any time set aside to rest in God, whenever that time may be found. How comfortable are you with the idea of separating the concept of Sabbath-keeping from Sunday or any other particular day of the week? (NODAYSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Very comfortable6712.7
2) Generally comfortable8916.9
3) Neither comfortable nor uncomfortable13926.4
4) Generally uncomfortable12924.5
5) Very uncomfortable8215.6
6) No opinion214.0
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
139) (The PC(USA) Workgroup on Sabbath-Keeping defines Sabbath-keeping as "'resting from our work so God can do God's work in us' (John Calvin). It involves those practices through which we provide God the time and space necessary to restore our souls. These include corporate worship, private devotions, and deep enjoyment of other persons and the world around us.") Based on the definition of Sabbath-keeping, above (i.e., a time of rest in God involving corporate worship, private devotions, and deep enjoyment of others and the world), how much time have you set aside over the last seven days to spend in Sabbath-keeping activities? (DAYS7SAB)
TOTAL%
1) None244.5
2) One hour or less7113.4
3) Two hours8816.6
4) Three to four hours13826.1
5) Five to six hours7714.6
6) Seven to nine hours519.6
7) Ten to fourteen hours295.5
8) Fifteen to nineteen hours91.7
9) Twenty to Twenty-four hours112.1
10) Twenty-five or more hours91.7
11) Don't know224.2
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
140) In general, how frequently/regularly do you set aside time for Sabbath-keeping activities? (FREQSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Every day8215.6
2) Almost every day11822.5
3) Several days a week6813.0
4) About two days a week5710.9
5) One day a week-Sunday13525.7
6) One day a week-other (specify)91.7
7) Less than once a week315.9
8) Never254.8
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
141) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: prayer? (ACTPRAYR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always25651.0
2) Yes, usually17033.9
3) Yes, sometimes5911.8
4) Yes, rarely142.8
5) No, never30.6
Missing33 
TOTAL502100.0
142) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: meditation? (ACTMEDIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always13928.0
2) Yes, usually14729.6
3) Yes, sometimes13627.4
4) Yes, rarely408.1
5) No, never316.3
6) Not sure30.6
Missing39 
TOTAL496100.0
143) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: being quiet, still; listening for God? (ACTSTILL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always10721.7
2) Yes, usually13627.6
3) Yes, sometimes16132.7
4) Yes, rarely6112.4
5) No, never224.5
6) Not sure61.2
Missing42 
TOTAL493100.0
144) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: just doing nothing? (ACTNOTHN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always214.3
2) Yes, usually5812.0
3) Yes, sometimes16033.0
4) Yes, rarely12325.4
5) No, never10822.3
6) Not sure153.1
Missing50 
TOTAL485100.0
145) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: a nap or extra sleeping? (ACTSLEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always142.9
2) Yes, usually489.8
3) Yes, sometimes14329.2
4) Yes, rarely10922.3
5) No, never17135.0
6) Not sure40.8
Missing46 
TOTAL489100.0
146) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: visiting others? (ACTVISIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always193.9
2) Yes, usually7715.7
3) Yes, sometimes25251.4
4) Yes, rarely9519.4
5) No, never459.2
6) Not sure20.4
Missing45 
TOTAL490100.0
147) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: reading the Bible? (ACTBIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always7915.9
2) Yes, usually11322.8
3) Yes, sometimes14529.2
4) Yes, rarely11823.8
5) No, never397.9
6) Not sure20.4
Missing39 
TOTAL496100.0
148) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: reading other faith-related materials? (ACTFAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always5110.4
2) Yes, usually10321.0
3) Yes, sometimes16333.2
4) Yes, rarely10621.6
5) No, never6613.4
6) Not sure20.4
Missing44 
TOTAL491100.0
149) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: reading in general? (ACTREAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always418.4
2) Yes, usually13928.3
3) Yes, sometimes19639.9
4) Yes, rarely7314.9
5) No, never408.1
6) Not sure20.4
Missing44 
TOTAL491100.0
150) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: being alone? (ACTALONE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always387.8
2) Yes, usually11623.9
3) Yes, sometimes19940.9
4) Yes, rarely9820.2
5) No, never357.2
Missing49 
TOTAL486100.0
151) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: being with other people? (ACTWPPL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always346.9
2) Yes, usually13828.0
3) Yes, sometimes25050.7
4) Yes, rarely5511.2
5) No, never153.0
6) Not sure10.2
Missing42 
TOTAL493100.0
152) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: enjoying nature? (ACTNATUR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always6212.6
2) Yes, usually12825.9
3) Yes, sometimes22345.1
4) Yes, rarely6513.2
5) No, never153.0
6) Not sure10.2
Missing41 
TOTAL494100.0
153) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: playing? (ACTPLAY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always163.3
2) Yes, usually347.0
3) Yes, sometimes16634.0
4) Yes, rarely15431.6
5) No, never10822.1
6) Not sure102.0
Missing47 
TOTAL488100.0
154) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: fasting? (ACTFAST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always20.4
2) Yes, usually20.4
3) Yes, sometimes173.5
4) Yes, rarely7315.1
5) No, never36876.3
6) Not sure204.1
Missing53 
TOTAL482100.0
155) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). When you take part in Sabbath-keeping activities, does that time ever include: feasting? (ACTFEAST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, always71.4
2) Yes, usually255.2
3) Yes, sometimes14028.9
4) Yes, rarely11423.5
5) No, never17836.7
6) Not sure214.3
Missing50 
TOTAL485100.0
156) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). Are there other activities in your life that you think of as Sabbath-keeping? (OTHRACT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12226.0
2) No17938.2
3) Not sure16835.8
Missing66 
TOTAL469100.0
157) (Only asked of respondents who answered "Yes" to OTHRACT). What are some of these activities? Please list them. (OTHRACT1)
TOTAL%
1) Worship98.2
2) Small church groups76.4
4) Other church acts32.7
5) Other volunteer acts1614.5
6) Prayer/Meditation/Talking to God1210.9
7) Planning for future activities-Church10.9
9) Learning/Education/Study43.6
10) Writing/Journaling21.8
11) Music listening/Art87.3
12) Watching TV/Listening to radio10.9
13) Participating in sports/Exercise54.5
14) Riding in/Driving car10.9
15) Other outdoor activities1210.9
17) Time spent with family109.1
18) Visiting others109.1
19) Just experiencing life43.6
21) Breaking routine10.9
22) Household chores21.8
99) All other21.8
Missing425 
TOTAL110100.0
158) (Only asked of respondents who answered "Yes" to OTHRACT). What are some of these activities? Please list them. (OTHRACT2)
TOTAL%
1) Worship34.6
2) Small church groups69.2
4) Other church acts69.2
5) Other volunteer acts57.7
6) Prayer/Meditation/Talking to God710.8
7) Planning for future activities-Church23.1
8) Planning for future activities-General11.5
9) Learning/Education/Study11.5
10) Writing/Journaling34.6
11) Music listening/Art23.1
12) Watching TV/Listening to radio11.5
14) Riding in/Driving car11.5
15) Other outdoor activities46.2
16) Recreation/Vacation/Traveling11.5
17) Time spent with family913.8
18) Visiting others69.2
19) Just experiencing life46.2
21) Breaking routine23.1
22) Household chores11.5
Missing470 
TOTAL65100.0
159) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). What sorts of practices do you find particularly helpful in your own efforts to incorporate Sabbath in your life? (Check up to three practices that are most helpful for you personally.) (PRACSAB1)
TOTAL%
1) Prayer39277.5
2) Meditation479.3
3) Being quiet, still; listening for God254.9
4) Just doing nothing51.0
5) A nap or extra sleeping30.6
6) Visiting others81.6
7) Reading the Bible91.8
8) Reading other faith-related materials20.4
9) Reading in general71.4
10) Being alone10.2
11) Being with other people40.8
12) Enjoying nature30.6
Missing29 
TOTAL506100.0
160) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). What sorts of practices do you find particularly helpful in your own efforts to incorporate Sabbath in your life? (Check up to three practices that are most helpful for you personally.) (PRACSAB2)
TOTAL%
2) Meditation16232.4
3) Being quiet, still; listening for God9418.8
4) Just doing nothing122.4
5) A nap or extra sleeping193.8
6) Visiting others306.0
7) Reading the Bible7314.6
8) Reading other faith-related materials377.4
9) Reading in general183.6
10) Being alone102.0
11) Being with other people357.0
12) Enjoying nature81.6
13) Playing20.4
Missing35 
TOTAL500100.0
161) (Not answered by respondents who answered "Never" to FREQSAB). What sorts of practices do you find particularly helpful in your own efforts to incorporate Sabbath in your life? (Check up to three practices that are most helpful for you personally.) (PRACSAB3)
TOTAL%
3) Being quiet, still; listening for God7615.9
4) Just doing nothing81.7
5) A nap or extra sleeping61.3
6) Visiting others204.2
7) Reading the Bible8417.5
8) Reading other faith-related materials5411.3
9) Reading in general265.4
10) Being alone265.4
11) Being with other people5411.3
12) Enjoying nature11924.8
13) Playing30.6
14) Fasting20.4
15) Feasting10.2
Missing56 
TOTAL479100.0
162) How interested are you in increasing the amount of time you set aside for the practice of Sabbath-keeping? (INCTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested11121.0
2) Generally interested19136.1
3) A little interested12724.0
4) Not too interested6913.0
5) Not at all interested183.4
6) Don't know132.5
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
163) How important do you think it is for Christians to regularly practice Sabbath-keeping? (IMPTSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Very important28052.5
2) Important22041.3
3) Not too important163.0
4) Not at all important61.1
5) Not sure112.1
Missing2 
TOTAL533100.0
164) Would you favor or oppose the church's encouraging people of faith to spend more time in the practice of Sabbath-keeping? (ENCRGSAB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor21039.5
2) Favor17432.8
3) Tend to favor9217.3
4) Neither favor nor oppose468.7
5) Tend to oppose71.3
7) Strongly Oppose20.4
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
165) In the last year, did you ever work for pay in a job or call (including at a church) on a Sunday? (WORKSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13826.2
2) No38873.8
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
166) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) On approximately how many Sundays did you work for pay? (MANYSUN)
TOTAL%
1) 43.1
2) 96.9
3) 107.7
4) 107.7
5) 107.7
6) 129.2
7) 32.3
8) 53.8
10) 1511.5
12) 21.5
13) 21.5
14) 21.5
15) 53.8
18) 10.8
20) 1813.8
25) 10.8
26) 75.4
30) 53.8
35) 10.8
36) 10.8
40) 10.8
48) 21.5
50) 21.5
51) 10.8
52) 10.8
Missing405 
TOTAL130100.0
167) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) On a typical working Sunday, how many hours did you spend at your job/call? (MANYHOUR)
TOTAL%
1) 75.3
2) 1813.5
3) 1410.5
4) 2518.8
5) 118.3
6) 1612.0
7) 53.8
8) 1813.5
9) 21.5
10) 86.0
12) 53.8
16) 10.8
24) 32.3
Missing402 
TOTAL133100.0
168) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) Where did you perform your work duties? - at a church (WRKCHRCH)
TOTAL%
1) Checked7100.0
Missing528 
TOTAL7100.0
169) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) Where did you perform your work duties? - at a retail business (WRKRETAL)
TOTAL%
1) Checked15100.0
Missing520 
TOTAL15100.0
170) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) Where did you perform your work duties? - at a factory/manufacturing facility (WRKFACT)
TOTAL%
1) Checked10100.0
Missing525 
TOTAL10100.0
171) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) Where did you perform your work duties? - at an office away from home (WRKOFFIC)
TOTAL%
1) Checked69100.0
Missing466 
TOTAL69100.0
172) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) Where did you perform your work duties? - at home/home office (WRKHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Checked46100.0
Missing489 
TOTAL46100.0
173) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) Where did you perform your work duties? - other (WRKOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Checked19100.0
Missing516 
TOTAL19100.0
174) (Answered only by respondents who answered "Yes" to WORKSUN.) When you worked for pay on Sunday over the last year, how often did you set aside time on another day of the week for rest or Sabbath-keeping? (OTHERDAY)
TOTAL%
1) Always64.5
2) Usually1712.8
3) Occasionally2518.8
4) Rarely4030.1
5) Never4533.8
Missing402 
TOTAL133100.0
175) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: The only way to observe Sabbath is by setting aside a whole day each week. (AGDAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree468.7
2) Agree12022.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree13225.0
4) Disagree17633.3
5) Strongly disagree489.1
6) No opinion71.3
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
176) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: The idea of keeping or practicing Sabbath is out of date in our post-modern society. (AGOUTDAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree112.1
2) Agree6011.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree9518.0
4) Disagree25348.0
5) Strongly disagree10219.4
6) No opinion61.1
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
177) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: Presbyterians a generation or two back took observance of the Sabbath more seriously than we do today. (AGSERIUS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13926.2
2) Agree29455.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree458.5
4) Disagree163.0
5) Strongly disagree50.9
6) No opinion315.8
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
178) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: It's difficult for me to find time for Sabbath-keeping. (AGNOTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree112.1
2) Agree13926.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree7914.9
4) Disagree23143.6
5) Strongly disagree6412.1
6) No opinion61.1
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
179) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: I don't feel a need for Sabbath-keeping in my life. (AGNONEED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40.8
2) Agree173.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree489.1
4) Disagree27151.6
5) Strongly disagree18234.7
6) No opinion30.6
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
180) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: I wish there were more than 24 hours in a day. (AGMORHRS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree468.7
2) Agree8315.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree9718.4
4) Disagree19136.3
5) Strongly disagree7714.6
6) No opinion326.1
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
181) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: I'm frequently so busy I don't have time to stop and think. (AGSOBUSY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree295.5
2) Agree15228.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree7313.8
4) Disagree21540.6
5) Strongly disagree5410.2
6) No opinion61.1
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
182) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: For me, the practice of Sabbath-keeping has grown easier over the years. (AGEASIER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree315.9
2) Agree19036.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree12623.9
4) Disagree13525.6
5) Strongly disagree326.1
6) No opinion142.7
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
183) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: I don't usually get enough sleep. (AGSLEEP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree377.0
2) Agree13726.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree7614.5
4) Disagree21841.5
5) Strongly disagree5310.1
6) No opinion40.8
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
184) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: The failure to keep Sabbath leads to the exploitation of some people. (AGFAILUR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree417.8
2) Agree19637.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree15028.5
4) Disagree6612.5
5) Strongly disagree122.3
6) No opinion6111.6
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
185) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: We should observe the Sabbath because God has commanded it. (AGCOMAND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13725.8
2) Agree26349.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree8916.7
4) Disagree305.6
5) Strongly disagree50.9
6) No opinion81.5
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
186) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: My congregation encourages people to set aside time for Sabbath-keeping. (AGCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree519.6
2) Agree23744.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree12223.1
4) Disagree6712.7
5) Strongly disagree101.9
6) No opinion427.9
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
187) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: I have developed my own Sabbath-keeping practices without much help from my church. (AGNOHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree254.7
2) Agree16030.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree13725.8
4) Disagree16030.1
5) Strongly disagree315.8
6) No opinion183.4
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
188) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: God intends Sabbath as a gift for us to enjoy. (AGGIFT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15329.2
2) Agree29155.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree529.9
4) Disagree142.7
5) Strongly disagree51.0
6) No opinion91.7
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
189) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: Sabbath-keeping is less what we do and more our state of mind as we do things. (AGMRMIND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6913.1
2) Agree26049.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree10419.7
4) Disagree6412.1
5) Strongly disagree163.0
6) No opinion152.8
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
190) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: I'd be more likely to practice Sabbath-keeping regularly if I knew others at my church were doing so, too. (AGPRACTC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30.6
2) Agree417.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree14727.7
4) Disagree23243.8
5) Strongly disagree7814.7
6) No opinion295.5
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
191) To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement: The failure to keep the Sabbath contributes to the commercialism of our society. (AGCOMRCL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12423.3
2) Agree25848.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree8716.4
4) Disagree438.1
5) Strongly disagree81.5
6) No opinion122.3
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
192) In the United States generally, compared to today, do you believe that 25 years from now Sunday will be: (1) more a time of Sabbath-keeping, (2) less a time of Sabbath-keeping, (3) that there will be no significant change in Sabbath-keeping on Sunday, or (4) you're not sure. (US25)
TOTAL%
1) More529.9
2) Less25849.0
3) No change9217.5
4) Not sure12523.7
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
193) By Christians in the U.S., generally, compared to today, do you believe that 25 years from now Sunday will be: (1) more a time of Sabbath-keeping, (2) less a time of Sabbath-keeping, (3) that there will be no significant change in Sabbath-keeping on Sunday, or (4) you're not sure. (CRSTUS25)
TOTAL%
1) More11521.9
2) Less15329.1
3) No change13726.0
4) Not sure12123.0
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
194) By Presbyterians in the U.S., generally, compared to today, do you believe that 25 years from now Sunday will be: (1) more a time of Sabbath-keeping, (2) less a time of Sabbath-keeping, (3) that there will be no significant change in Sabbath-keeping on Sunday, or (4) you're not sure. (PRESUS25)
TOTAL%
1) More9317.8
2) Less15629.8
3) No change14127.0
4) Not sure13325.4
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
195) By members of your congregation, compared to today, do you believe that 25 years from now Sunday will be: (1) more a time of Sabbath-keeping, (2) less a time of Sabbath-keeping, (3) that there will be no significant change in Sabbath-keeping on Sunday, or (4) you're not sure. (MEMCNG25)
TOTAL%
1) More9618.3
2) Less12924.6
3) No change16130.7
4) Not sure13926.5
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
196) By you and your family, compared to today, do you believe that 25 years from now Sunday will be: (1) more a time of Sabbath-keeping, (2) less a time of Sabbath-keeping, (3) that there will be no significant change in Sabbath-keeping on Sunday, or (4) you're not sure. (FAMLIY25)
TOTAL%
1) More15329.0
2) Less5710.8
3) No change21039.8
4) Not sure10720.3
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
197) Sample (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Members535100.0
TOTAL535100.0
198) Old code (OLDCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5321125.154627
199) How many years have you been a member of your current congregation? (YEARSMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL52320.6517
200) How far do you live from your congregation? (FARLIVE)
TOTAL%
0) Less than one mile20.4
1) 13426.1
2) 9718.9
3) 6111.9
4) 397.6
5) 5310.3
6) 173.3
7) 203.9
8) 163.1
9) 61.2
10) 265.1
11) 30.6
12) 71.4
13) 51.0
14) 30.6
15) 91.8
16) 10.2
17) 30.6
18) 10.2
20) 20.4
22) 10.2
25) 10.2
30) 20.4
35) 10.2
70) 10.2
99) 99 miles or more20.4
Missing22 
TOTAL513100.0
201) How often do you attend your congregation's Sunday worship services? (ATTNDSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never81.5
2) Less than once a year61.1
3) Once or twice a year61.1
4) Several times a year346.5
5) Once a month285.3
6) Two to three times a month7915.0
7) Nearly every week23845.2
8) Every week12724.1
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
202) What is the approximate membership of the congregation(s) you attend? (MEMMEM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4752289.3643526
203) Have you ever been ordained an elder in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No33063.1
2) Yes19336.9
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
204) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDELDER) Are you now serving on session? (SRVELDER)
TOTAL%
1) No20692.4
2) Yes177.6
Missing312 
TOTAL223100.0
205) Have you ever been ordained a deacon in the Presbyterian Church? (ORDDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No33063.6
2) Yes18936.4
Missing16 
TOTAL519100.0
206) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 1="YES" TO ORDDECON) Are you currently serving on the board of deacons? (SRVDECON)
TOTAL%
1) No16779.9
2) Yes4220.1
Missing326 
TOTAL209100.0
207) Do you hold the following position in church? - Chair of congregational committee or task force (POSCHAIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked47088.3
1) Checked6211.7
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
208) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of congregational committee or task force (POSFORCE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked35366.4
1) Checked17933.6
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
209) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of presbytery, synod, or General Assembly committee or task force (POSPRSBY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50995.7
1) Checked234.3
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
210) Do you hold the following position in church? - Officer of men's, women's, or youth group (POSOFFCR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43281.2
1) Checked10018.8
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
211) Do you hold the following position in church? - Organist or choir director (POSORGST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52197.9
1) Checked112.1
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
212) Do you hold the following position in church? - Member of choir (POSCHOIR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43882.3
1) Checked9417.7
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
213) Do you hold the following position in church? - Other (POSOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked46487.2
1) Checked6812.8
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
214) Do you hold the following position in church? - Sunday school teacher (POSTCHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked48791.5
1) Checked458.5
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
215) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - My job/business required me to be at work on Sunday. (NOTJOB)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked43682.0
1) Checked9618.0
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
216) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was traveling on business over a weekend and didn't get home in time. (NOTTRVL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44884.4
1) Checked8315.6
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
217) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was ill. (NOTILL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked30156.7
1) Checked23043.3
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
218) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had family responsibilities (e.g., caring for an ill or disabled child or parent). (NOTFAMLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked40576.1
1) Checked12723.9
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
219) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I was away on vacation. (NOTVACAT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked11521.6
1) Checked41778.4
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
220) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I needed the time to catch up on other responsibilities. (NOTTIME)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked42980.6
1) Checked10319.4
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
221) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I just didn't feel like going. (NOTFEEL)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked40776.5
1) Checked12523.5
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
222) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - The weather was bad. (NOTWETHR)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44884.2
1) Checked8415.8
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
223) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I overslept (NOTSLEEP)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50494.7
1) Checked285.3
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
224) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I had guests from out-of-town. (NOTGUEST)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked38171.6
1) Checked15128.4
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
225) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - I decided to do something else that day. (NOTELSE)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41778.4
1) Checked11521.6
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
226) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Other (NOTOTHER)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51596.8
1) Checked173.2
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
227) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Negative view of something (NOTNEGVW)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52398.3
1) Checked91.7
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
228) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Family marital change (NOTMRTCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked53099.6
1) Checked20.4
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
229) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Went to another church (NOTOTHCH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51496.6
1) Checked183.4
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
230) Please take a few moments to think back over the last year. Have there been any Sundays, any at all, when you were unable to attend or happened not to attend worship at your congregation? Was the following factor a reason you missed one or more Sundays during the last year? - Lack of transportation (NOTTRANS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52899.2
1) Checked40.8
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
231) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: attended programs or events at your church (besides worship; if you attended church school, include those hours here.) (HRSPROGS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours12423.7
2) One to two hours9117.4
3) Three to five hours13826.4
4) Six to ten hours9017.2
5) Eleven to twenty hours5911.3
6) More than twenty hours214.0
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
232) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time at your church to teach, lead, serve on a committee, or help with some program or event. (HRSVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours18035.0
2) One to two hours10620.6
3) Three to five hours11822.9
4) Six to ten hours6813.2
5) Eleven to twenty hours275.2
6) More than twenty hours163.1
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
233) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: participated in religious events, programs, or groups sponsored by a church or other religious organization which took place in a home or other facility away from your church. (HRSEVNTS)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours26451.4
2) One to two hours12424.1
3) Three to five hours6512.6
4) Six to ten hours397.6
5) Eleven to twenty hours71.4
6) More than twenty hours152.9
Missing21 
TOTAL514100.0
234) How many hours, if any, during the last month have you: given volunteer time, apart from church programs, to help the less fortunate or to help make your own community a better place to live (e.g., through volunteer or committee work). (HRSCOMM)
TOTAL%
1) Zero hours20339.8
2) One to two hours11021.6
3) Three to five hours9017.6
4) Six to ten hours5310.4
5) Eleven to twenty hours285.5
6) More than twenty hours265.1
Missing25 
TOTAL510100.0
235) Compared to two years ago, do you think you participate in church activities more, less, or about the same amount as you did then? (ACT2YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Participate more10519.8
2) About the same participation27652.2
3) Participate less13725.9
4) Not applicable112.1
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
236) How likely is it that you will be a part of your current congregation five years from now? (ACT5YRS)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely34765.7
2) Likely9217.4
3) Not sure6111.6
4) Not at all likely122.3
5) Not very likely163.0
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
237) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: moving away from this area/community. (LVAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1550.0
2) Important413.3
3) Not very important516.7
4) Not at all important620.0
Missing505 
TOTAL30100.0
238) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: too much conflict in the congregation. (LVCNFLCT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important313.0
2) Important417.4
3) Not very important626.1
4) Not at all important1043.5
Missing512 
TOTAL23100.0
239) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't really fit in with most people here. (LVFITIN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important519.2
2) Important311.5
3) Not very important519.2
4) Not at all important1350.0
Missing509 
TOTAL26100.0
240) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I am getting married and will switch to my spouse's church. (LVSPOUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important14.8
2) Important14.8
3) Not very important14.8
4) Not at all important1885.7
Missing514 
TOTAL21100.0
241) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't like the programs that it currently offers. (LVPRGRMS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important313.0
2) Important521.7
3) Not very important14.3
4) Not at all important1460.9
Missing512 
TOTAL23100.0
242) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: the worship services often do not satisfy spiritual needs. (LVSPIRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important725.9
2) Important622.2
3) Not very important13.7
4) Not at all important1348.1
Missing508 
TOTAL27100.0
243) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I don't appreciate the pastor(s). (LVPASTOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important522.7
2) Important29.1
3) Not very important627.3
4) Not at all important940.9
Missing513 
TOTAL22100.0
244) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: I've been drifting away from church and I think that will continue. (LVDRIFT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important28.7
2) Important313.0
3) Not very important313.0
4) Not at all important1565.2
Missing512 
TOTAL23100.0
245) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ARE "NOT VERY" OR "NOT AT ALL LIKELY" TO BE A PART OF THEIR CURRENT CONGREGATION FIVE YEARS FROM NOW) Rate the importance of the following factor in your likelihood of leaving: others. (LVOTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Age/health concerns433.3
2) Denomination541.7
3) All else325.0
Missing523 
TOTAL12100.0
246) During your life, have you ever been a member of a congregation affiliated with a denomination other than Presbyterian? (DENOMOTH)
TOTAL%
1) No20839.1
2) Yes32460.9
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
247) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) How many years have you been a Presbyterian? (YRSPRES)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL36530.56220
248) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Baptist (DENBAPT)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked44484.4
1) Checked8215.6
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
249) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) (DENDISC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50595.1
1) Checked264.9
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
250) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Episcopalian (DENEPIS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked51496.6
1) Checked183.4
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
251) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Friends (Quaker) (DENFRNDS)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52698.9
1) Checked61.1
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
252) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Lutheran (DENLUTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked49993.8
1) Checked336.2
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
253) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Methodist (DENMETH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked41578.0
1) Checked11621.8
6) 10.2
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
254) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Reformed (DENRFRMD)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked52097.7
1) Checked122.3
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
255) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Roman Catholic (DENROMAN)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50594.9
1) Checked275.1
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
256) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: United Church of Christ (DENUCC)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked50594.9
1) Checked275.1
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
257) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN AFFILIATED WITH A DENOMINATION OTHER THAN PRESBYTERIAN DURING THEIR LIFE) Please indicate whether you've belonged to the following denomination: Other (DENOTH)
TOTAL%
0) Not checked48090.2
1) Checked529.8
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
258) When you were a teenager, how often did your father attend religious services? (DADREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never7915.2
2) Less than once a year214.0
3) Once or twice a year5811.2
4) Several times a year346.6
5) About once a month244.6
6) Two to three times a month326.2
7) Nearly every week11722.5
8) Every week13225.4
9) Don't know/not applicable224.2
Missing16 
TOTAL519100.0
259) When you were a teenager, how often did your mother attend religious services? (MOMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Never377.2
2) Less than once a year122.3
3) Once or twice a year275.3
4) Several times a year407.8
5) About once a month254.9
6) Two to three times a month469.0
7) Nearly every week15931.1
8) Every week15830.9
9) Don't know/not applicable81.6
Missing23 
TOTAL512100.0
260) In what religious denomination were you raised? (Please choose just one answer. If you were part of more than one denomination as a child, please choose the denomination that influenced you the most.) (RELDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist5510.6
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)203.9
3) Episcopalian132.5
4) Friends (Quaker)51.0
5) Lutheran265.0
6) Methodist8716.8
7) Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), PCUS, UPCUSA, or UPCNA22242.9
8) Reformed61.2
9) Roman Catholic224.2
10) UCC (United Church of Christ/Congregational)122.3
11) None91.7
12) Other407.7
99) More than one selected10.2
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
261) Were you raised in the congregation you currently belong to? (CONGRAIS)
TOTAL%
1) No46086.6
2) Yes7113.4
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
262) Which of the following terms best describes your current stand on theological issues? (THELVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative438.3
2) Conservative16431.5
3) Moderate24246.4
4) Liberal5610.7
5) Very liberal163.1
Missing14 
TOTAL521100.0
263) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Him as a personal savior? (SAVIOR)
TOTAL%
1) No19636.8
2) Yes33663.2
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
264) Would you say you have had a conversion experience-that is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (CONVRSN)
TOTAL%
1) No29255.9
2) Yes23044.1
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
265) Which of the following statements best describes your view of the Bible? (Please choose only one) (BBLVIEW)
TOTAL%
1) It is an important piece of literature, but is largely irrelevant to our lives today.20.4
2) It is the record of many people's experience with God and is a useful guide for individual Christians in their search for basic moral and religious teachings.13626.0
3) It is the Word of God and its stories and teaching provide a powerful motivation as we work toward God's reign in the world.21641.2
4) It is the inspired, authoritative Word of God that is without error in all that it says about faith and morals.11321.6
5) It is the inspired Word of God, without error not only in matters of faith, but also in historical, scientific, geographic, and other secular matters.519.7
9) More than one selected61.1
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
266) Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) No326.2
2) Yes39576.6
3) Not sure8917.2
Missing19 
TOTAL516100.0
267) Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) No9418.0
2) Yes26150.0
3) Not sure16732.0
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
268) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Reading and studying the Bible regularly. (LIFEBIBL)
TOTAL%
1) Essential14026.7
2) Very important19136.4
3) Somewhat important16832.0
4) Not at all important265.0
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
269) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Spending time in prayer and meditation (LIFEPRYR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential23845.3
2) Very important18835.8
3) Somewhat important9217.5
4) Not at all important71.3
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
270) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Actively seeking social and economic justice (LIFEJUST)
TOTAL%
1) Essential6913.3
2) Very important19738.1
3) Somewhat important21241.0
4) Not at all important397.5
Missing18 
TOTAL517100.0
271) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Taking care of those who are sick or needy (LIFESICK)
TOTAL%
1) Essential14728.1
2) Very important30157.6
3) Somewhat important7514.3
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
272) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Attending church regularly (LIFECHRC)
TOTAL%
1) Essential16130.8
2) Very important23044.0
3) Somewhat important11822.6
4) Not at all important142.7
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
273) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Seeking to bring others to faith in Christ (LIFEOTHR)
TOTAL%
1) Essential9217.7
2) Very important21641.6
3) Somewhat important17633.9
4) Not at all important356.7
Missing16 
TOTAL519100.0
274) When you think about the qualities of a good Christian life, how important is the following to you? - Practicing Christian values in work, home, and school (LIFEVALU)
TOTAL%
1) Essential37471.1
2) Very important13525.7
3) Somewhat important163.0
4) Not at all important10.2
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
275) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Supporting social action groups and ministries (PRISOCIA)
TOTAL%
1) Essential8316.0
2) Very important22342.9
3) Somewhat important18535.6
4) Not at all important295.6
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
276) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Encouraging members to share their faith (PRISHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Essential10319.6
2) Very important25348.1
3) Somewhat important15028.5
4) Not at all important203.8
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
277) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Providing aid and services to people in need (PRIAID)
TOTAL%
1) Essential21841.4
2) Very important26851.0
3) Somewhat important407.6
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
278) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Helping members resist the temptations of the world (PRITEPMT)
TOTAL%
1) Essential8716.7
2) Very important24747.3
3) Somewhat important16431.4
4) Not at all important244.6
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
279) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - An active evangelism program, inviting the unchurched to attend (PRIEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Essential11722.5
2) Very important21942.1
3) Somewhat important14928.7
4) Not at all important356.7
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
280) When you think about priorities for your congregation's activities in the community, how important is the following to you? - Preparing people for a world to come, where the cares of this world will be absent (PRIWORLD)
TOTAL%
1) Essential7314.1
2) Very important20038.7
3) Somewhat important15530.0
4) Not at all important8917.2
Missing18 
TOTAL517100.0
281) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: An individual should arrive at his or her own religious beliefs independent of any church. (AGOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree448.4
2) Agree13926.6
3) Not sure6512.5
4) Disagree20940.0
5) Strongly disagree6512.5
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
282) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the different religions are equally good ways of helping a person find ultimate truth. (AGDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree387.2
2) Agree14327.1
3) Not sure9017.1
4) Disagree15729.8
5) Strongly disagree9918.8
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
283) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: There is a life beyond death. (AGDEATH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31259.3
2) Agree13926.4
3) Not sure6913.1
4) Disagree40.8
5) Strongly disagree20.4
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
284) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The only absolute Truth for humankind is in Jesus Christ. (AGTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23344.6
2) Agree14227.2
3) Not sure8416.1
4) Disagree519.8
5) Strongly disagree132.5
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
285) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Only followers of Jesus Christ can be saved. (AGSAVED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15128.7
2) Agree8716.5
3) Not sure13726.0
4) Disagree10920.7
5) Strongly disagree428.0
Missing9 
TOTAL526100.0
286) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the realm of values, the final authority about good and bad is the individual. (AGAUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree234.5
2) Agree8115.7
3) Not sure5210.1
4) Disagree18034.9
5) Strongly disagree18034.9
Missing19 
TOTAL516100.0
287) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Individuals should seek out religious truth for themselves and not conform to any church's doctrines. (AGCONFM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree173.2
2) Agree7614.5
3) Not sure8816.8
4) Disagree26650.8
5) Strongly disagree7714.7
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
288) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is important to share my faith with other people. (AGSHARE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13625.7
2) Agree30457.5
3) Not sure438.1
4) Disagree417.8
5) Strongly disagree50.9
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
289) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: All the great religions of the world are equally true and good. (AGEQUAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree142.7
2) Agree8716.6
3) Not sure13525.8
4) Disagree17032.5
5) Strongly disagree11722.4
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
290) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Belief in Jesus Christ is only one of many ways to find salvation. (AGSALVTN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree489.3
2) Agree12724.6
3) Not sure8817.1
4) Disagree13225.6
5) Strongly disagree12123.4
Missing19 
TOTAL516100.0
291) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Devil (Satan) really exists. (AGDEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15629.6
2) Agree16030.4
3) Not sure14026.6
4) Disagree407.6
5) Strongly disagree315.9
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
292) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus was born of a virgin. (AGBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22943.5
2) Agree18835.7
3) Not sure8716.5
4) Disagree152.8
5) Strongly disagree81.5
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
293) Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: Jesus will return to the earth some day. (AGRETRN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23444.3
2) Agree16531.3
3) Not sure11321.4
4) Disagree112.1
5) Strongly disagree50.9
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
294) Do you consider yourself a "born-again" Christian? (BORNAGN)
TOTAL%
1) No29656.4
2) Yes16832.0
3) Not sure6111.6
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
295) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: drinks alcohol in moderation. (ACTALCL)
TOTAL%
1) Admire101.9
2) Think is all right39374.9
3) Mildly disapprove9017.1
4) Highly disapprove326.1
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
296) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is very ambitious. (ACTAMBT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire12724.6
2) Think is all right33965.6
3) Mildly disapprove489.3
4) Highly disapprove30.6
Missing18 
TOTAL517100.0
297) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is satisfied with her/his lot in life. (ACTSAT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire15229.3
2) Think is all right32162.0
3) Mildly disapprove387.3
4) Highly disapprove71.4
Missing17 
TOTAL518100.0
298) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives together in a heterosexual relationship outside of marriage. (ACTTOGT)
TOTAL%
1) Admire30.6
2) Think is all right8516.1
3) Mildly disapprove21039.8
4) Highly disapprove23043.6
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
299) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: thinks s/he is better than others. (ACTBETR)
TOTAL%
1) Admire10.2
2) Think is all right71.3
3) Mildly disapprove14327.4
4) Highly disapprove37171.1
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
300) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian. (ACTGAY)
TOTAL%
1) Admire20.4
2) Think is all right9518.2
3) Mildly disapprove14627.9
4) Highly disapprove28053.5
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
301) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: is openly, actively gay or lesbian as part of a committed couple. (ACTCPLE)
TOTAL%
1) Admire61.2
2) Think is all right11421.9
3) Mildly disapprove11822.7
4) Highly disapprove28254.2
Missing15 
TOTAL520100.0
302) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: lives her/his faith quietly. (ACTQUET)
TOTAL%
1) Admire18936.0
2) Think is all right30457.9
3) Mildly disapprove265.0
4) Highly disapprove61.1
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
303) People have differing views on how Christians ought to act in their daily lives. Please indicate how much you would admire or disapprove of someone who acted in this way: cheats on her/his income tax. (ACTTAX)
TOTAL%
1) Admire10.2
2) Think is all right30.6
3) Mildly disapprove10219.4
4) Highly disapprove42179.9
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
304) At its 1996 meeting, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) approved the following amendment to the church's constitution, and sent it to the presbyteries for a vote: "Those who are called to office in the church are to lead a life in obedience to Scripture and in conformity to the historic confessional standards of the church. Among these standards is the requirement to live either in fidelity within the covenant of marriage of a man and a woman, or chastity in singleness. Persons refusing to repent of any self-acknowledged practice which the confessions call sin shall not be ordained and/or installed as deacons, elders, or ministers of the Word and Sacrament." What is your opinion on this proposed amendment? Would you like to see it approved by a majority of the presbyteries, or not? (GEN1996)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely favor approval24746.7
2) Probably favor approval11221.2
3) Not sure407.6
4) Probably do not favor approval7414.0
5) Definitely do not favor approval5610.6
Missing6 
TOTAL529100.0
305) What is your sex? (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female33663.4
2) Male19436.6
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
306) What is your present age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL52456.80716
307) Which of the following categories most closely describes the place in which you currently live? (CURLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) In open country, but not on a farm499.3
2) On a farm244.6
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)16531.4
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)7915.0
5) In a suburb near a medium-size city387.2
6) In a large city (over 250,000)5811.0
7) In a suburb near a large city11221.3
Missing10 
TOTAL525100.0
308) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time16733.5
2) Employed part time489.6
3) Self-employed408.0
4) Unemployed71.4
5) Retired17735.5
6) Full-time homemaker469.2
7) Student122.4
8) Other (specify)10.2
Missing37 
TOTAL498100.0
309) What is your employment status? (YOUREMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time98.3
2) Employed part time76.4
3) Self-employed109.2
4) Unemployed10.9
5) Retired3229.4
6) Full-time homemaker3330.3
7) Student98.3
8) Other (specify)87.3
Missing426 
TOTAL109100.0
310) If you are employed full time, part time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (AVGHOURS)
TOTAL%
0) 93.1
1) 20.7
2) 10.3
4) 10.3
5) 31.0
6) 10.3
7) 10.3
8) 62.1
9) 10.3
10) 62.1
12) 31.0
15) 41.4
16) 31.0
18) 20.7
20) 165.5
21) 10.3
22) 10.3
23) 31.0
24) 10.3
25) 20.7
27) 10.3
28) 10.3
30) 113.8
32) 31.0
33) 20.7
34) 10.3
35) 93.1
37) 10.3
38) 20.7
40) 7927.2
41) 10.3
42) 62.1
43) 20.7
44) 20.7
45) 279.3
46) 10.3
47) 31.0
48) 41.4
49) 10.3
50) 3311.4
52) 20.7
53) 10.3
54) 10.3
55) 62.1
57) 10.3
60) 144.8
65) 20.7
70) 41.4
95) 95 or more10.3
99) Don't know10.3
Missing245 
TOTAL290100.0
311) What is your present marital status? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married41079.6
2) Not married10520.4
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
312) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE NOT CURRENTLY MARRIED) If not currently married, have you ever been married? (EVERMARR)
TOTAL%
1) No, never married3732.5
2) Yes, am now widowed5750.0
3) Yes, am now divorced2017.5
Missing421 
TOTAL114100.0
313) If you are now married or have ever been married in the past: How old were you when you first married? (If married more than once, answer in terms of your first marriage.) (AGEMARR)
TOTAL%
10) 10.2
16) 30.6
17) 61.3
18) 132.7
19) 377.8
20) 479.9
21) 6513.7
22) 6112.8
23) 5611.8
24) 439.1
25) 347.2
26) 194.0
27) 296.1
28) 173.6
29) 132.7
30) 61.3
31) 61.3
32) 51.1
35) 51.1
36) 30.6
38) 10.2
39) 10.2
40) 10.2
42) 30.6
Missing60 
TOTAL475100.0
314) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO RESPONDED THAT THEY ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED) If currently married: Have you had a previous marriage (or marriages)? (PREVMARG)
TOTAL%
1) No34386.4
2) Yes, was widowed133.3
3) Yes, was divorced4010.1
4) Both widowed and divorced10.3
Missing138 
TOTAL397100.0
315) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Overall, how often does your husband or wife attend Sunday worship services? (SPSSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Never163.9
2) Less than once a year61.5
3) Once or twice a year184.4
4) Several times a year307.4
5) About once a month297.1
6) Two to three times a month6115.0
7) Nearly every week14635.9
8) Every week10124.8
Missing128 
TOTAL407100.0
316) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your husband or wife a member of the same congregation which you belong/serve? (SPSMEMBR)
TOTAL%
1) No5212.7
2) Yes35687.3
Missing127 
TOTAL408100.0
317) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED AND WHOSE SPOUSE IS NOT A MEMBER OF THE SAME CONGREGATION WHICH THEY BELONG/SERVE) Which statement best describes where your husband or wife attends church? (SPSATTND)
TOTAL%
1) Generally attends the same congregation that I do3151.7
2) Generally attends another congregation58.3
3) Sometimes attends my congregation, sometimes another35.0
4) Usually does not attend2135.0
Missing475 
TOTAL60100.0
318) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate the faith in which your husband or wife was raised. (If more than one, select the one in which she or he was most involved.) (SPSRAISD)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist4711.6
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)133.2
3) Episcopalian92.2
5) Lutheran307.4
6) Methodist6616.3
7) Presbyterian13733.9
8) Reformed20.5
9) Roman Catholic4210.4
10) United Church of Christ143.5
11) None133.2
12) Other317.7
Missing131 
TOTAL404100.0
319) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your husband or wife's current religious affiliation. (SPSCURNT)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist30.9
2) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)10.3
6) Methodist51.4
7) Presbyterian31991.1
9) Roman Catholic72.0
10) United Church of Christ10.3
11) None133.7
12) Other10.3
Missing185 
TOTAL350100.0
320) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP1)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time15139.0
2) Employed part time287.2
3) Self-employed348.8
4) Unemployed20.5
5) Retired11830.5
6) Full-time homemaker5113.2
7) Student10.3
8) Other20.5
Missing148 
TOTAL387100.0
321) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Please indicate your spouse's employment status. (SPSEMP2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full time914.1
2) Employed part time34.7
3) Self-employed1117.2
4) Unemployed11.6
5) Retired1828.1
6) Full-time homemaker1320.3
7) Student34.7
8) Other69.4
Missing471 
TOTAL64100.0
322) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) If your husband or wife is employed full time, part time, or self-employed, please indicate the average hours worked per week over the last year. (SPSAVGHR)
TOTAL%
0) None83.4
1) 10.4
3) 10.4
8) 20.9
9) 10.4
10) 52.1
12) 20.9
15) 62.6
16) 52.1
20) 125.1
24) 20.9
25) 52.1
30) 62.6
33) 10.4
35) 41.7
36) 31.3
37) 10.4
40) 7230.6
42) 62.6
44) 10.4
45) 198.1
47) 20.9
48) 31.3
50) 3113.2
53) 10.4
55) 104.3
60) 135.5
65) 41.7
67) 10.4
68) 10.4
70) 20.9
72) 10.4
80) 10.4
84) 10.4
85) 10.4
Missing300 
TOTAL235100.0
323) How many children have you had? (KIDS)
TOTAL%
0) None8516.1
1) One5811.0
2) Two17433.0
3) Three14026.5
4) Four468.7
5) Five183.4
6) Six50.9
7) Seven20.4
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
324) What age were you, approximately, when your first child was born? (AGEKID)
TOTAL%
16) 10.2
18) 30.7
19) 102.3
20) 184.1
21) 204.5
22) 235.2
23) 449.9
24) 368.1
25) 6113.8
26) 398.8
27) 429.5
28) 306.8
29) 255.6
30) 235.2
31) 132.9
32) 184.1
33) 112.5
34) 102.3
35) 10.2
36) 30.7
37) 61.4
38) 30.7
40) 20.5
42) 10.2
Missing92 
TOTAL443100.0
325) Do you have any legally adopted children? (ADPTKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No50294.5
2) Yes295.5
Missing4 
TOTAL531100.0
326) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE LEGALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN) How many legally adopted children do you have? (ADPTMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One1661.5
2) Two830.8
3) Three27.7
Missing509 
TOTAL26100.0
327) Do you have any stepchildren (that is, did your spouse already have children at the time of your marriage)? (STEPKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) No45389.9
2) Yes5110.1
Missing31 
TOTAL504100.0
328) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO HAVE STEPCHILDREN) How many stepchildren do you have? (STEPMANY)
TOTAL%
1) One2142.0
2) Two1326.0
3) Three918.0
4) Four48.0
5) Five24.0
6) Six12.0
Missing485 
TOTAL50100.0
329) How many persons, including yourself, live in your household? (Do not count students who live elsewhere while they attend college or university.) (MEMHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) I live alone.8415.9
2) Two of us27251.5
3) Three of us7814.8
4) Four of us6412.1
5) Five of us244.5
6) Six of us50.9
7) Seven or more of us10.2
Missing7 
TOTAL528100.0
330) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged under six years? (HOLD6)
TOTAL%
0) None8365.4
1) One3225.2
2) Two129.4
Missing408 
TOTAL127100.0
331) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged six to twelve years? (HOLD612)
TOTAL%
0) None7854.2
1) One3927.1
2) Two2416.7
3) Three32.1
Missing391 
TOTAL144100.0
332) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged thirteen to seventeen years? (HOLD1317)
TOTAL%
0) None7751.0
1) One5637.1
2) Two159.9
3) Three32.0
Missing384 
TOTAL151100.0
333) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged eighteen to twenty-four years? (HOLD1824)
TOTAL%
0) None7968.7
1) One2723.5
2) Two87.0
3) Three10.9
Missing420 
TOTAL115100.0
334) Of the total number of persons, including yourself, in your household, how many are: aged twenty-five and over? (HOLD25PL)
TOTAL%
0) None71.4
1) One7816.0
2) Two37877.3
3) Three234.7
4) Four30.6
Missing46 
TOTAL489100.0
335) From the list below, select the choice which best describes all of the people in the household in which you live. (For example, a divorced man living with his child would check "2"; a woman living with her sister would check "7" or "8," depending on whether or not there are children in the household.) (PPLHHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) A single adult, living alone7314.3
2) A single parent, living with one or more children122.3
3) A married couple, no children in household24447.7
4) A married couple, living with one or more children16131.5
5) An unmarried couple, no children in household10.2
7) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with no children81.6
8) Another family arrangement (2 or more related adults), living with one or more children40.8
9) Roomates40.8
11) Some other arrangement40.8
Missing24 
TOTAL511100.0
336) Is the home in which you currently live: (OWNHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Rented by you275.2
2) Owned by you free and clear of mortgage23745.7
3) Owned by you with a mortgage23946.1
4) Owned by your congregation (i.e., a manse)152.9
5) Other10.2
Missing16 
TOTAL519100.0
337) In what state were you born? If you were not born in the United States, in what country were you born? (BRNSTATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL52932.47415
338) In how many countries besides the United States have you lived? (CNTRYLIV)
TOTAL%
0) None44985.9
1) One519.8
2) Two112.1
3) Three91.7
4) Four30.6
Missing12 
TOTAL523100.0
339) In how many states within the United States have you lived? (STATELIV)
TOTAL%
0) None438.2
1) 11922.6
2) 13926.4
3) 8916.9
4) 499.3
5) 366.8
6) 295.5
7) 122.3
8) 81.5
9) 20.4
10) 10.2
Missing8 
TOTAL527100.0
340) Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat11822.6
2) Independent9217.6
3) Republican29656.7
4) Other163.1
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
341) What is your race or origin? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian48698.8
2) Black or African-American20.4
4) Asian or Pacific Islander20.4
5) Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin20.4
Missing43 
TOTAL492100.0
342) What is your race or origin? (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White or Caucasian38100.0
Missing497 
TOTAL38100.0
343) Thinking now only about your immediate family (the persons in your household to whom you are related by blood or marriage), how many of them-including yourself-earned money from a job or employment during the last year? (FAMMONEY)
TOTAL%
0) None12625.0
1) One13126.0
2) Two18035.8
3) Three367.2
4) Four244.8
5) Five30.6
6) Six20.4
7) Seven10.2
Missing32 
TOTAL503100.0
344) Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,00061.2
2) $10,000- $14,999183.6
3) $15,000- $19,999224.4
4) $20,000- $29,9995310.6
5) $30,000- $39,9995911.8
6) $40,000- $49,999489.6
7) $50,000- $59,9995911.8
8) $60,000- $69,9995511.0
9) $70,000- $79,999265.2
10) $80,000- $89,999357.0
11) $90,000- $99,999224.4
12) $100,000- $124,999377.4
13) $125,000- $149,999244.8
14) $150,000 or more377.4
Missing34 
TOTAL501100.0
345) What percent of your total family income in 1995 came from job- or employment-related earnings (as opposed to other sources of income, such as pensions, Social Security, or investments)? (PERJOB)
TOTAL%
1) 100% from earnings13125.6
2) 90-99% from earnings10921.3
3) 75-89% from earnings407.8
4) 50-74% from earnings316.1
5) 25-49% from earnings152.9
6) 1-24% from earnings5510.8
7) None from earnings13025.4
Missing24 
TOTAL511100.0
346) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in regular giving (not including special offerings or contributions to a capital campaign) (MONYCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL5012045.3812369
347) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in giving to a special capital campaign, for example for a new or remodeled building, or for a new program for the church (MONYCHR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL352530.5651590
348) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and other family members in your household contribute to the following: to your congregation, in response to a special appeal for a ministry supported by the congregation, presbytery, or Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), including the denomination-wide special offerings--One Great Hour of Sharing, Witness, Peacemaking, and Christmas Joy (MONYMINS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL439220.604923
349) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to all religious groups or religious causes outside the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)? (FAMRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) $015731.0
2) $1-$5011622.9
3) $51-$1006212.3
4) $101-$5008015.8
5) $501-$1,000326.3
6) $1,001-$2,000275.3
7) $2,001 or more326.3
Missing29 
TOTAL506100.0
350) During the last year, approximately how much money did you and your family contribute to non-religious charities, community organizations, or social causes? (FAMNONRL)
TOTAL%
1) $0122.3
2) $1-$509418.3
3) $51-$1009017.5
4) $101-$50016832.6
5) $501-$1,0006412.4
6) $1,001-$2,000448.5
7) $2,001 or more438.3
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
351) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast8115.2
2) Midwest18835.3
3) South16931.8
4) West9417.7
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
352) Total number of members 1996 (TOTMEM96)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL530743.726761
353) I-MARITAL: What is your present marital status? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married41079.6
2) Not married10520.4
Missing20 
TOTAL515100.0
354) I-GENDER: What is your sex? (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Female33663.4
2) Male19436.6
Missing5 
TOTAL530100.0
355) I-REGION: Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast8115.2
2) Midwest18835.3
3) South16931.8
4) West9417.7
Missing3 
TOTAL532100.0
356) I-POLITAFF: Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Independent, Republican, or other? (for use with online analysis) (I-POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat11822.6
2) Independent9217.6
3) Republican29656.7
4) Other163.1
Missing13 
TOTAL522100.0
357) I-FAMINCOM: Which of these categories best describes your total family income from all sources, before taxes, during 1995? (If you live alone, or with non-relatives, answer in terms of your own personal income.) (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
0) <20K469.2
1) 20K-49,99916031.9
2) 50K-99,99919739.3
3) 100K+9819.6
Missing34 
TOTAL501100.0
358) I-AGE: What is your present age? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) <408716.6
1) 40-498315.8
2) 50-6414928.4
3) 65+20539.1
Missing11 
TOTAL524100.0
359) I-RACE1: What is your race or origin? (recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE1)
TOTAL%
0) White48698.8
2) Other61.2
Missing43 
TOTAL492100.0