Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Identification Number (LOG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL306153.588
2) What is your age? (AGE)
TOTAL%
17) 51.6
18) 7323.9
19) 8026.2
20) 3411.1
21) 4514.8
22) 289.2
23) 62.0
24) 72.3
25) 72.3
26) 41.3
27) 20.7
28) 10.3
29) 10.3
30) 41.3
31) 41.3
32) 20.7
42) 10.3
47) 10.3
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
3) What is your sex? (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male8427.5
2) Female22172.5
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
4) What is your year in school? (YEAR)
TOTAL%
1) Freshman8728.4
2) Sophomore9129.7
3) Junior4314.1
4) Senior7725.2
5) Graduate student72.3
9) No answer10.3
TOTAL306100.0
5) What is your major? (MAJOR)
TOTAL%
1) Sciences3411.1
2) Social sciences8929.1
3) Humanities3611.8
4) Arts185.9
5) Education8728.4
6) Business165.2
8) Other, undecided258.2
9) No answer10.3
TOTAL306100.0
6) Would you say you are white, African American/Black, Native American, or something else? (ETH)
TOTAL%
1) White22673.9
2) Black7524.5
3) Other20.7
9) No answer31.0
TOTAL306100.0
7) What is your home state? (STATE)
TOTAL%
1) South Carolina24580.1
2) Other Southern state3712.1
3) Non-Southern state216.9
4) Does not reside in US20.7
9) No answer10.3
TOTAL306100.0
8) What is the population of the town you live in? (TOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Fewer than 2,5003812.5
2) 2,500 to 10,0007725.2
3) 10,000 to 25,0004815.7
4) 25,000 to 100,00010032.8
5) 100,000 to 1 million3611.8
6) More than 1 million10.3
9) No answer51.6
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
9) Which church or denomination do you prefer, if any? (RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative Protestant12741.5
2) Moderate Protestant6621.6
3) Liberal Protestant4213.7
4) Catholic/Orthodox Christian289.2
6) Other72.3
8) None237.5
9) No answer134.2
TOTAL306100.0
10) How often do you attend religious services? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Never or almost never4414.5
2) A few times a year7223.7
3) At least once a month3110.2
4) 1-3 times per month5518.1
5) Weekly8026.3
6) More than once a week227.2
Missing2 
TOTAL304100.0
11) Do you believe in God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) I do not believe in the existence of a god.62.0
2) I do not know if a god exists.186.0
3) I think that God exists, but I am not always certain.103.3
4) I think that God exists, and I am usually certain of this.3912.9
5) I am certain that God exists.22173.2
9) Other82.6
Missing4 
TOTAL302100.0
12) What about the nature of the Bible? Which of the following statements comes closest to your beliefs about the Bible? (BIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is the word of God and it means what it says. It should be taken literally, word-for-word, on all subjects.6823.2
2) The Bible is the word of God and is perfectly true, but is should not be taken literally, word-for-word. We must interpret its meaning.11338.6
3) The Bible is the inspired word of God, but it was written by men and contains some human errors.7224.6
4) The Bible is an ancient book of history and legends. God had nothing to do with it.227.5
9) I am unsure on this.186.1
Missing13 
TOTAL293100.0
13) How important would you say religion is in your life? (RELIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important10033.3
2) Very important9632.0
3) Somewhat important5719.0
4) Slightly important217.0
5) Not important at all186.0
9) Unsure82.7
Missing6 
TOTAL300100.0
14) In your opinion, does the Devil actually exist? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) I do not believe in the existence of the Devil289.3
2) I do not know if the Devil exists4414.6
3) I think that the Devil exists, but I am not always certain289.3
4) I think that the Devil exists, and I am usually certain of this3611.9
5) I am certain that the Devil exists15852.3
9) Other82.6
Missing4 
TOTAL302100.0
15) Do there exist heavenly "guardian angels" who can help a person in a time of need? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) I do not believe in the existence of guardian angels.196.4
2) I do not know if guardian angels exist4816.1
3) I think that guardian angels exist, but I am not always certain4816.1
4) I think that guardian angels exist, and I am usually certain4715.7
5) I am certain that guardian angels exist13344.5
9) Other41.3
Missing7 
TOTAL299100.0
16) ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO BELIEVE A GOD EXISTS: I believe God is: (JUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) Judgmental10.4
2) Forgiving12043.5
3) Both judgmental and forgiving13147.5
4) Neither judgmental nor forgiving82.9
9) Other165.8
Missing30 
TOTAL276100.0
17) ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO BELIEVE THAT A GOD EXISTS: I believe God is: (GODSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Masculine10939.8
3) Both masculine and feminine4115.0
4) Neither masculine nor feminine9333.9
9) Other3111.3
Missing32 
TOTAL274100.0
18) Do you believe in using astrology to help you make decisions? (ASTROL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly believe20.7
2) Believe165.3
3) Unsure7324.0
4) Disbelieve9230.3
5) Strongly disbelieve12139.8
Missing2 
TOTAL304100.0
19) Do "mediums" have the power to speak with the spirits of deceased people, or to act as voices for them? (MEDIUMS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, they do.144.6
2) Most cannot, but some of them can.5016.4
3) No, they are all phonies.13343.6
9) Unsure10835.4
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
20) Is there "black magic" in the world that can be used for evil purposes? (BMAGIC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes4514.9
2) Probably yes7725.4
3) Unsure9631.7
4) Probably not4815.8
5) Definitely not3712.2
Missing3 
TOTAL303100.0
21) Is there "white magic" in the world that can be used for good purposes? (WMAGIC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes186.0
2) Probably yes5016.6
3) Unsure13043.0
4) Probably not5417.9
5) Definitely not5016.6
Missing4 
TOTAL302100.0
22) Are some people gifted by God with the ability to heal afflicted people by touch? (HEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes3712.1
2) Probably yes5116.7
3) Unsure9631.5
4) Probably not6922.6
5) Definitely not5217.0
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
23) Do you believe in reincarnation (returning to earth in another form after you die)? (REINCARN)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes196.2
2) Probably yes4013.1
3) Unsure5417.6
4) Probably not5919.3
5) Definitely not13443.8
TOTAL306100.0
24) Does God give some people the gift of speaking in unknown tongues? (TONGUES)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes6220.3
2) Probably yes5919.3
3) Unsure9932.5
4) Probably not5217.0
5) Definitely not3310.8
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
25) Do you believe that supernatural miracles occur in the world today? (MIRACLES)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes14246.4
2) Probably yes11336.9
3) Unsure3210.5
4) Probably not92.9
5) Definitely not103.3
TOTAL306100.0
26) In your opinion, has the earth been visited by intelligent beings from other planets? (UFOS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes206.6
2) Probably yes6922.8
3) Unsure8126.8
4) Probably not7324.2
5) Definitely not5919.5
Missing4 
TOTAL302100.0
27) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE UNSURE OR WHO DO NOT BELIEVE THAT THE EARTH HAS BEEN VISITED BY INTELLIGENT BEINGS FROM OTHER PLANETS: If you do not believe the earth has been visited by intelligent beings from other planets, do you believe there is intelligent life on other planets? (ETLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes94.2
2) Probably yes6329.2
3) Unsure9242.6
4) Probably not3616.7
5) Definitely not167.4
Missing90 
TOTAL216100.0
28) Have you ever kept from doing something illegal or immoral, because you were afraid of being punished by God? (PUNISHED)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes12543.1
2) Probably yes7024.1
3) Unsure134.5
4) Probably not4114.1
5) Definitely not4114.1
Missing16 
TOTAL290100.0
29) In your opinion, did human beings evolve from earlier species of animals? (EVOLVE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes3712.6
2) Probably yes6221.2
3) Unsure5318.1
4) Probably not3311.3
5) Definitely not10836.9
Missing13 
TOTAL293100.0
30) ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT BELIEVE HUMAN BEINGS EVOLVED FROM EARLIER SPECIES OF ANIMALS: In your opinion, did God direct human evolution? (GODEVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes2527.2
2) Probably yes3133.7
3) Unsure1314.1
4) Probably not1112.0
5) Definitely not1213.0
Missing214 
TOTAL92100.0
31) There is controversy about whether the biological theory of evolution, or the biblical view of creation (called "creationism"), should be taught in public schools. Which do you think should be taught? (TEACHEVL)
TOTAL%
1) Only evolution3311.3
2) Only creationism289.6
3) Both20168.8
4) Neither3010.3
Missing14 
TOTAL292100.0
32) Should it be legal for a woman to have an abortion, if she is pregnant but does not want to have a child right now? (ABORT)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes12140.6
2) Probably yes3712.4
3) Unsure3612.1
4) Probably not279.1
5) Definitely not7725.8
Missing8 
TOTAL298100.0
33) Should it be legal for a woman to have an abortion if she became pregnant as the result of a rape? (ABRAPE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes17858.7
2) Probably yes5618.5
3) Unsure258.3
4) Probably not144.6
5) Definitely not309.9
Missing3 
TOTAL303100.0
34) A group of churches near Winthrop have formed a Cooperative Campus Ministry. If a church that featured the handling of snakes in its services asked to join the CCM, should it be allowed to do so? (CCM)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes5317.6
2) Probably yes5116.9
3) Unsure8528.2
4) Probably not4916.3
5) Definitely not6320.9
Missing5 
TOTAL301100.0
35) Which of the following statements best fits your feelings about laws regarding pornography (sexually explicit literature and films)? (PORN)
TOTAL%
1) It should be legal to sell pornography to anyone.113.7
2) It should be legal to sell pornography to anyone 18 or older.16856.0
3) It should be illegal to sell pornography to people of any age.8528.3
9) Unsure3612.0
Missing6 
TOTAL300100.0
36) Recently, groups of high school and college students have been holding prayer meetings at their schools' flag poles before school. Do you approve of such meetings? (FLAGMEET)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes18962.8
2) Probably yes6722.3
3) Unsure3311.0
4) Probably not72.3
5) Definitely not51.7
Missing5 
TOTAL301100.0
37) Would you be more or less likely to vote for a candidate for public office if you found out the person was an atheist? (ATHIEST)
TOTAL%
1) Much more likely41.3
2) Somewhat more likely41.3
3) Unsure or no difference11036.8
4) Somewhat less likely4414.7
5) Much less likely13745.8
Missing7 
TOTAL299100.0
38) Is it wrong for two unmarried people to engage in sex? (PRESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, it is always wrong.11638.8
2) It is usually wrong (but not always).299.7
3) It is only sometimes wrong.3110.4
4) It is not wrong.8227.4
9) Unsure or no opinion4113.7
Missing7 
TOTAL299100.0
39) Should public schools begin the day with a prayer? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes8327.8
2) Probably yes5317.7
3) Unsure5819.4
4) Probably not4715.7
5) Definitely not5819.4
Missing7 
TOTAL299100.0
40) If you had a friend who you found practiced a religion very different from yours, how would this affect your feelings toward the person? (DIFREL)
TOTAL%
1) I would feel no differently towards the person.24481.1
2) I might feel a little less friendly towards the person.237.6
3) I would definitely feel less friendly toward the person.31.0
4) I could not stay close friends with the person.41.3
9) Unsure, no opinion279.0
Missing5 
TOTAL301100.0
41) Do you approve of the "blue laws" in South Carolina (laws that forbid things like the sale of alcohol on Sundays)? (BLUELAWS)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes9531.5
2) Probably yes4514.9
3) Unsure3210.6
4) Probably not4715.6
5) Definitely not8327.5
Missing4 
TOTAL302100.0
42) Do you think that the United States, as a nation, has a special relationship with God? (USGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes279.1
2) Probably yes5618.8
3) Unsure9130.5
4) Probably not7324.5
5) Definitely not5117.1
Missing8 
TOTAL298100.0
43) Do you consider the U.S. flag to be sacred? (FLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes9432.0
2) Probably yes7425.2
3) Unsure4214.3
4) Probably not3712.6
5) Definitely not4716.0
Missing12 
TOTAL294100.0
44) Would you say that your religion is the one true faith, or that no religion is the one true faith? (TRUEONE)
TOTAL%
1) My religion definitely is the one true faith5719.4
2) I think my religion is the one true faith289.5
3) I am not sure about this7124.1
4) I think there is no one true faith11037.4
5) I know there is no one true faith289.5
Missing12 
TOTAL294100.0
45) In your opinion, should there be a strict separation of church and government in the U.S.? (SEPARATE)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely yes9230.9
2) Probably yes6822.8
3) Unsure6421.5
4) Probably not4615.4
5) Definitely not289.4
Missing8 
TOTAL298100.0
46) Would you say the strongest influences on your religious beliefs have been your parents, or have your parents not been major influences? (PARENTS)
TOTAL%
1) My parents have been the strongest influence.13846.3
2) My parents have been a moderate influence.8428.2
3) My parents have been a minor influence.3010.1
4) My parents have been a very minor influence.175.7
5) My parents have had little or no influence.299.7
Missing8 
TOTAL298100.0
47) I-AGE: What is your age?(Recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) Ages 17 to 187825.6
1) Ages 19 to 2115952.1
2) Ages 22 to 254815.7
3) Age 26 and older206.6
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
48) I-SEX: What is your sex? (For use with on-line analysis.) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male8427.5
2) Female22172.5
Missing1 
TOTAL305100.0
49) I-RACE: Would you say you are white, African American/Black, Native American, or something else? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White22675.1
2) Black7524.9
Missing5 
TOTAL301100.0
50) I-RELIG: Which church or denomination do you prefer, if any? (Recoded for use with on-line analysis.) (I-RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative Protestant12741.5
2) Moderate Protestant6621.6
3) Liberal Protestant4213.7
4) Catholic289.2
5) All others4314.1
TOTAL306100.0