Religion and Deviance at Four American Universities

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) How many tattoos do you presently have? (TATPRES)
TOTAL%
0) None150586.1
1) 1 tattoo1528.7
2) 2 tattoos613.5
3) 3 tattoos120.7
4) 4 tattoos100.6
5) 5 tattoos20.1
6) More than 5 tattoos50.3
Missing6 
TOTAL1747100.0
2) The next five questions concern your family members; do any of the following have at least one tattoo: Parent or Step-parent? (PRNTTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19911.5
2) No151587.7
3) Don't know60.3
4) Not applicable70.4
Missing26 
TOTAL1727100.0
3) The next five questions concern your family members; do any of the following have at least one tattoo: Brother or Step-brother? (BROTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21912.7
2) No125673.0
3) Don't know271.6
4) Not applicable21912.7
Missing32 
TOTAL1721100.0
4) The next five questions concern your family members; do any of the following have at least one tattoo: Sister or Step-sister? (SISTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24914.5
2) No117968.5
3) Don't know221.3
4) Not applicable27215.8
Missing31 
TOTAL1722100.0
5) The next five questions concern your family members; do any of the following have at least one tattoo: Grandparent? (GRANDTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21412.4
2) No135778.8
3) Don't know1327.7
4) Not applicable201.2
Missing30 
TOTAL1723100.0
6) The next five questions concern your family members; do any of the following have at least one tattoo: Aunt or Uncle? (ATUCLTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48328.3
2) No89652.6
3) Don't know31218.3
4) Not applicable140.8
Missing48 
TOTAL1705100.0
7) Think for a moment of your FIVE CLOSEST FRIENDS with whom you have social and recreational life. Do not include close relatives. How many of these friends have tattoos? (CLFRNTAT)
TOTAL%
0) None have tattoos72741.7
1) One46226.5
2) Two32018.3
3) Three1538.8
4) Four452.6
5) All five have tattoos372.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
8) In your opinion, how likely are you to be interested in tattoos? (INTRTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely unlikely52630.4
2) Unlikely41123.7
3) Somewhat likely46226.7
4) Very likely22513.0
5) Definitely1086.2
Missing21 
TOTAL1732100.0
9) In your opinion, how likely are you to get a (or another) tattoo? (GETTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely unlikely64738.1
2) Unlikely49929.4
3) Somewhat likely33719.8
4) Very likely1408.2
5) Definitely764.5
Missing54 
TOTAL1699100.0
10) How many tattoos have you gotten since you have been in college? (TATCOLL)
TOTAL%
0) None7531.5
1) One tattoo11950.0
2) Two tattoos3113.0
3) Three tattoos41.7
4) Four tattoos62.5
5) Five or more tattoos31.3
Missing1515 
TOTAL238100.0
11) How old were you when you got your first tattoo? (HWOLDTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Under 1531.3
2) 1583.4
3) 1693.8
4) 17166.7
5) 1812150.8
6) 194820.2
7) 202410.1
8) 2172.9
9) 22 or older20.8
Missing1515 
TOTAL238100.0
12) Do you ever worry about taking tattooing 'too far' or 'becoming addicted' to tattooing? (TOOFRTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2410.0
2) No20585.8
3) Not sure104.2
Missing1514 
TOTAL239100.0
13) Do you ever worry that your tattoo(s) would ever prevent you from achieving a goal or getting a promotion of some sort? (WRYTATPR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2811.9
2) No20185.2
3) Not sure73.0
Missing1517 
TOTAL236100.0
14) Has having a tattoo prevented you from achieving a goal or getting a promotion of some sort? (TATPREV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41.7
2) No22996.2
3) Not sure52.1
Missing1515 
TOTAL238100.0
15) Would you say that the reaction of your family to your tattoo(s) has been: (FMRCTTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive125.0
2) Positive2711.3
3) Neutral7531.4
4) Both positive and negative7230.1
5) Negative2510.5
6) Very negative72.9
7) No one in family knows about the tattoo(s)218.8
Missing1514 
TOTAL239100.0
16) Would you say that the reaction of your friends to your tattoo(s) has been: (FRRCTTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive5924.8
2) Positive11146.6
3) Neutral4518.9
4) Both positive and negative218.8
5) Negative20.8
Missing1515 
TOTAL238100.0
17) In general, to what extent would you agree or disagree that you still like your tattoo(s)? (LIKETAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree187.6
2) Disagree62.5
3) Unsure125.1
4) Agree7230.4
5) Strongly agree12954.4
Missing1516 
TOTAL237100.0
18) To what extent would you agree or disagree that you are unhappy with at least one of your tattoos? (UNHAPTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree13356.1
2) Disagree6125.7
3) Unsure135.5
4) Agree198.0
5) Strongly agree114.6
Missing1516 
TOTAL237100.0
19) Do you have a tattoo on a part of your body that is generally visible to others when you're wearing typical clothing for you? (TATVISIB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6025.4
2) No17674.6
Missing1517 
TOTAL236100.0
20) Do you have a tattoo on a part of your body that is semi-visible, that is, others can only see it when you're wearing clothing similar to a swimsuit or undergarments? (TATSEMVS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16971.9
2) No6628.1
Missing1518 
TOTAL235100.0
21) Do you have a tattoo that can only be seen when your body is unclothed? (UNCLOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7130.1
2) No16569.9
Missing1517 
TOTAL236100.0
22) At the time you obtained at least one of your tattoos, to what extent would you agree or disagree that you considered yourself to be a risk-taker? (RSKTKTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree198.0
2) Disagree4418.6
3) Uncertain3916.5
4) Agree10243.0
5) Strongly agree3313.9
Missing1516 
TOTAL237100.0
23) At the time you obtained at least one of your tattoos, to what extent would you agree or disagree that you were feeling deviant (somewhat rebellious)? (DEVITAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree3012.7
2) Disagree5724.1
3) Uncertain3514.8
4) Agree9138.4
5) Strongly agree2410.1
Missing1516 
TOTAL237100.0
24) Does your tattoo (or at least one of your tattoos) depict what you consider to be a religious symbol? (TATRLSYM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6728.4
2) No16971.6
Missing1517 
TOTAL236100.0
25) Are all of your tattoos religious? (ALTATRLG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4222.2
2) No14777.8
Missing1564 
TOTAL189100.0
26) For these next questions, a body piercing includes any insertion of sharp implements to create an opening for decorative ornaments such as jewelry. This definition DOES NOT include standard wire/post ear lobe piercings. However, PLEASE INCLUDE ear rim or cartilage piercings as well as any ear lobe piercings that are GUAGED beyond the thickness of standard wires or posts. How many body piercings do you CURRENTLY have? (Remember – do NOT include ear lobe piercings unless they are gauged) (PIERCCUR)
TOTAL%
0) None123570.9
1) 1 piercing26815.4
2) 2 piercings1217.0
3) 3 piercings543.1
4) 4 piercings342.0
5) 5 piercings50.3
6) 6 piercings60.3
7) 7 piercings90.5
8) 8 piercings30.2
9) 9 or more piercings60.3
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0
27) How many piercings have you had in your lifetime? (Count piercings that you have re-inserted as a new piercing) (PIRCLIFE)
TOTAL%
0) None108462.1
1) 1 piercing26615.2
2) 2 piercings17610.1
3) 3 piercings734.2
4) 4 piercings452.6
5) 5 piercings362.1
6) 6 piercings130.7
7) 7 piercings181.0
8) 8 piercings90.5
9) 9 or more piercings251.4
Missing8 
TOTAL1745100.0
28) How many piercings have you removed? (Include those you removed even though you may have since re-inserted them) (PRCREMV)
TOTAL%
0) None140380.4
1) 1 piercing17910.3
2) 2 piercings1015.8
3) 3 piercings271.5
4) 4 piercings201.1
5) 5 piercings40.2
6) 6 piercings80.5
7) 7 piercings20.1
9) 9 or more piercings20.1
Missing7 
TOTAL1746100.0
29) The next five questions concern family members; do any of the following members currently have at least one body piercing (remember the definition above – do not count standard wire/post ear lobe piercings): Parent or Step-parent? (PRNTPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24614.5
2) No142984.5
3) Don't know60.4
4) Not applicable100.6
Missing62 
TOTAL1691100.0
30) The next five questions concern family members; do any of the following members currently have at least one body piercing (remember the definition above – do not count standard wire/post ear lobe piercings): Brother or Step-brother? (BROPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1337.8
2) No131877.5
3) Don't know181.1
4) Not applicable23113.6
Missing53 
TOTAL1700100.0
31) The next five questions concern family members; do any of the following members currently have at least one body piercing (remember the definition above – do not count standard wire/post ear lobe piercings): Sister or Step-sister? (SISPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42825.1
2) No98757.9
3) Don't know261.5
4) Not applicable26315.4
Missing49 
TOTAL1704100.0
32) The next five questions concern family members; do any of the following members currently have at least one body piercing (remember the definition above – do not count standard wire/post ear lobe piercings): Grandparent? (GRNDPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1378.1
2) No148287.1
3) Don't know623.6
4) Not applicable201.2
Missing52 
TOTAL1701100.0
33) The next five questions concern family members; do any of the following members currently have at least one body piercing (remember the definition above – do not count standard wire/post ear lobe piercings): Aunt or Uncle? (ANTUNPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36321.4
2) No113366.7
3) Don't know19311.4
4) Not applicable90.5
Missing55 
TOTAL1698100.0
34) Think for a moment of your FIVE CLOSEST FRIENDS with whom you have social and recreational life. Do not include close relatives. How many of these friends have piercings? (CLFRNPRC)
TOTAL%
0) None have piercings37121.3
1) One39722.8
2) Two39422.6
3) Three28616.4
4) Four1428.1
5) All five have piercings1548.8
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
35) In your opinion, how likely are you to be interested in body piercing? (INTPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely unlikely54231.5
2) Unlikely43625.3
3) Somewhat likely42224.5
4) Very likely21812.7
5) Definitely1036.0
Missing32 
TOTAL1721100.0
36) In your opinion, how likely are you to get a (or another) body piercing? (GETPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely unlikely66338.6
2) Unlikely50129.2
3) Somewhat likely33719.6
4) Very likely1549.0
5) Definitely633.7
Missing35 
TOTAL1718100.0
37) Think now about the person with a few (1-3) piercings, wearing standard wire/post, delicate appearing piercing jewelry, in such locations as an ear cartilage and/or navel. In general, how similar do you think you are to this person who is your age with these body piercings? (SIMPRC1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all similar19111.0
2) Somewhat similar96755.6
3) Very similar58033.4
Missing15 
TOTAL1738100.0
38) With regard to your view of rebellious behavior, compare a piercing of this type (1-3 piercings in an area such as the navel or ear cartilage) with getting a tattoo. Is this type of piercing… (REBBHAV1)
TOTAL%
1) Less rebellious than a tattoo133477.3
2) Equally rebellious to a tattoo34319.9
3) More rebellious than a tattoo482.8
Missing28 
TOTAL1725100.0
39) Think now about the person with more (4-6) piercings, wearing regular piercing jewelry, and in such locations as the tongue, nose, eyebrow, or lip. In general, how similar do you think you are to this type of person who is your age with these body piercings? (SIMPRC2)
TOTAL%
1) Not similar at all84148.9
2) Somewhat similar74243.2
3) Very similar1367.9
Missing34 
TOTAL1719100.0
40) With regard to your view of rebellious behavior, compare a piercing of this type (4-6 piercings in areas such as tongue, nose, eyebrow, or lip) with getting a tattoo. Is this type of piercing… (REBBHAV2)
TOTAL%
1) Less rebellious than a tattoo34219.9
2) Equally rebellious to a tattoo97756.7
3) More rebellious than a tattoo40323.4
Missing31 
TOTAL1722100.0
41) Think now about the person with many (7 or more) piercings, wearing heavy gauge jewelry, and piercings in locations such as the nipples and/or genitals. In general, how similar do you think you are to this type of person who is your age with these body piercings? (SIMPRC3)
TOTAL%
1) Not similar at all131978.0
2) Somewhat similar31418.6
3) Very similar573.4
Missing63 
TOTAL1690100.0
42) With regard to your view of rebellious behavior, compare a piercing of this type (7 or more piercings, in areas such as nipples or genitals) with getting a tattoo. Is this type of piercing… (REBBHAV3)
TOTAL%
1) Less rebellious than a tattoo1086.3
2) Equally rebellious to a tattoo51029.9
3) More rebellious than a tattoo109063.8
Missing45 
TOTAL1708100.0
43) How old were you when you got your first body piercing? (OLDPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Under 1516124.2
2) 159814.7
3) 1612018.0
4) 177210.8
5) 1815423.2
6) 19395.9
7) 20152.3
8) 2140.6
9) 22 or older20.3
Missing1088 
TOTAL665100.0
44) How many body piercings have you gotten since you have been in college? (PRCCOLL)
TOTAL%
0) None32450.7
1) 1 piercing19029.7
2) 2 piercings7111.1
3) 3 piercings274.2
4) 4 piercings193.0
5) 5 or more piercings81.3
Missing1114 
TOTAL639100.0
45) How many of your present piercings are located in visible areas such as the ears and face, excluding the earlobe? (PIERCVIS)
TOTAL%
0) None22035.2
1) 1 piercing20032.0
2) 2 piercings10316.5
3) 3 piercings477.5
4) 4 piercings243.8
5) 5 or more piercings315.0
Missing1128 
TOTAL625100.0
46) How many of your present piercings are located in semi-visible areas such as the navel (belly button) or tongue? (PRCSEMVI)
TOTAL%
0) None34154.9
1) 1 piercing24739.8
2) 2 piercings294.7
3) 3 piercings30.5
4) 4 piercings10.2
Missing1132 
TOTAL621100.0
47) How many of your present piercings are located in your nipple(s)? (NIPPLES)
TOTAL%
0) None59495.2
1) 1 piercing101.6
2) 2 piercings121.9
3) 3 piercings61.0
4) 4 piercings20.3
Missing1129 
TOTAL624100.0
48) How many of your present piercings are located in your genital area? (GENITAL)
TOTAL%
0) None60196.8
1) 1 piercing61.0
2) 2 piercings30.5
3) 3 piercings40.6
4) 4 piercings40.6
5) 5 or more piercings30.5
Missing1132 
TOTAL621100.0
49) In general, to what extent would you agree or disagree that you still like your body piercing(s)? (LIKPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree589.5
2) Disagree355.8
3) Unsure599.7
4) Agree17729.1
5) Strongly agree27945.9
Missing1145 
TOTAL608100.0
50) To what extent would you agree or disagree that you are unhappy with at least one of your body piercings? (UNHAPPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree32754.3
2) Disagree16026.6
3) Unsure6210.3
4) Agree345.6
5) Strongly agree193.2
Missing1151 
TOTAL602100.0
51) Do you sometimes worry about 'going too far' or 'becoming addicted' to body piercing? (TOOFRPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes406.5
2) No55289.2
3) Not sure274.4
Missing1134 
TOTAL619100.0
52) Do you sometimes worry that your body piercing(s) would prevent you from achieving a goal or getting a promotion? (WRYPRCPR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9715.7
2) No49279.5
3) Not sure304.8
Missing1134 
TOTAL619100.0
53) Has having a body piercing prevented you from achieving a goal or getting a promotion? (PIERPREV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes213.4
2) No57092.1
3) Not sure284.5
Missing1134 
TOTAL619100.0
54) Would you say that the reaction of your family to your body piercing(s) has been… (FMRCTPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive457.3
2) Positive11318.3
3) Neutral21034.0
4) Both positive and negative13521.9
5) Negative7211.7
6) Very negative254.1
7) No one in family knows about the piercing(s)172.8
Missing1136 
TOTAL617100.0
55) Would you say that the reaction of your friends to your body piercing(s) has been… (FRRCTPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive16927.6
2) Positive28646.7
3) Neutral11919.4
4) Both positive and negative325.2
5) Negative20.3
6) Very negative10.2
7) Friends do not know about the piercing(s)30.5
Missing1141 
TOTAL612100.0
56) Do you generally wear at least one article of piercing jewelry that is, for you, a religious symbol? (PRCRLSYM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes437.1
2) No56692.9
Missing1144 
TOTAL609100.0
57) Are all of your articles of piercing jewelry religious symbols? (ALPRCREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes81.3
2) No59698.7
Missing1149 
TOTAL604100.0
58) At the time you obtained at least one of your body piercings, to what extent would you agree or disagree that you considered yourself a risk taker? (RSKTKPRC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree558.9
2) Disagree13822.3
3) Uncertain13922.5
4) Agree25340.9
5) Strongly agree335.3
Missing1135 
TOTAL618100.0
59) At the time you obtained at least one of your body piercings, to what extent would you agree or disagree that you were feeling deviant (somewhat rebellious)? (DEVPIERC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree7612.3
2) Disagree15525.0
3) Uncertain9515.3
4) Agree26042.0
5) Strongly agree335.3
Missing1134 
TOTAL619100.0
60) For each of the twenty items on this page, indicate which response (1, 2, 3, or 4) best applies to you: 1) Describes me very well, 2) Describes me somewhat, 3) Does not describe me very well, 4) Does not describe me at all: I can see how it would be interesting to marry someone from a foreign country. (MRRYFRGN)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well35920.7
2) Describes me somewhat68939.7
3) Does not describe me very well40723.4
4) Does not describe me at all28216.2
Missing16 
TOTAL1737100.0
61) When the water is very cold, I prefer not to swim even if it is a hot day. (COLDWTR)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well26315.1
2) Describes me somewhat49528.4
3) Does not describe me very well57733.1
4) Does not describe me at all40723.4
Missing11 
TOTAL1742100.0
62) If I have to wait in a long line, I am usually patient about it. (LINEPATN)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well27415.7
2) Describes me somewhat76944.0
3) Does not describe me very well46626.7
4) Does not describe me at all23813.6
Missing6 
TOTAL1747100.0
63) When I listen to music, I like it to be loud. (LOUDMUSC)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well56832.6
2) Describes me somewhat79945.8
3) Does not describe me very well29116.7
4) Does not describe me at all875.0
Missing8 
TOTAL1745100.0
64) When taking a trip, I think it best to make as few plans as possible and just take it as it comes. (FEWPLAN)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well27715.8
2) Describes me somewhat55531.8
3) Does not describe me very well58733.6
4) Does not describe me at all32918.8
Missing5 
TOTAL1748100.0
65) I stay away from movies that are said to be frightening or highly suspenseful. (FRTMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well18010.3
2) Describes me somewhat30717.6
3) Does not describe me very well40223.0
4) Does not describe me at all85749.1
Missing7 
TOTAL1746100.0
66) I think it's fun and exciting to perform or speak before a group. (FUNSPEAK)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well32718.7
2) Describes me somewhat48227.6
3) Does not describe me very well47427.1
4) Does not describe me at all46326.5
Missing7 
TOTAL1746100.0
67) If I were to go to an amusement park, I would prefer to ride the roller-coaster or other fast rides. (ROLCOAST)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well122470.1
2) Describes me somewhat26715.3
3) Does not describe me very well1186.8
4) Does not describe me at all1377.8
Missing7 
TOTAL1746100.0
68) I would like to travel to places that are strange and far away. (TRAVLFAR)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well103459.4
2) Describes me somewhat50529.0
3) Does not describe me very well1558.9
4) Does not describe me at all482.8
Missing11 
TOTAL1742100.0
69) I would never like to gamble with money, even if I could afford it. (GAMBLE)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well36821.1
2) Describes me somewhat51129.3
3) Does not describe me very well50829.1
4) Does not describe me at all35820.5
Missing8 
TOTAL1745100.0
70) I would have enjoyed being one of the first explorers of an unknown land. (EXPLORER)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well52830.2
2) Describes me somewhat53030.4
3) Does not describe me very well42324.2
4) Does not describe me at all26515.2
Missing7 
TOTAL1746100.0
71) I like a movie where there are a lot of explosions and car chases. (MOVEXPLO)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well50829.1
2) Describes me somewhat61035.0
3) Does not describe me very well44125.3
4) Does not describe me at all18410.6
Missing10 
TOTAL1743100.0
72) I don't like extremely hot and spicy foods. (SPICFOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well35620.4
2) Describes me somewhat37321.4
3) Does not describe me very well43224.8
4) Does not describe me at all58233.4
Missing10 
TOTAL1743100.0
73) In general, I work better when I'm under pressure. (WORKPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well52229.9
2) Describes me somewhat80446.1
3) Does not describe me very well30717.6
4) Does not describe me at all1116.4
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
74) I often like to have the radio or TV on while I'm doing something else, such as reading or cleaning up. (RADIOTV)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well81546.7
2) Describes me somewhat55031.5
3) Does not describe me very well19010.9
4) Does not describe me at all18910.8
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
75) It would be amazing to see a car accident happen. (CARACCID)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well31217.9
2) Describes me somewhat50028.7
3) Does not describe me very well42324.2
4) Does not describe me at all51029.2
Missing8 
TOTAL1745100.0
76) I think it's best to order something familiar when eating in a restaurant. (ORDRFAML)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well40323.1
2) Describes me somewhat83147.6
3) Does not describe me very well36821.1
4) Does not describe me at all1438.2
Missing8 
TOTAL1745100.0
77) I like the feeling of standing next to the edge on a high place and looking down. (HIGHPLCE)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well25014.4
2) Describes me somewhat41323.7
3) Does not describe me very well46026.4
4) Does not describe me at all61935.5
Missing11 
TOTAL1742100.0
78) If it were possible to visit another planet or the moon for free, I would be among the first in line to sign up. (VISMOON)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well65037.3
2) Describes me somewhat42124.2
3) Does not describe me very well39022.4
4) Does not describe me at all28216.2
Missing10 
TOTAL1743100.0
79) I can see how it must be exciting to be in a battle during a war. (BATTLEXC)
TOTAL%
1) Describes me very well22312.8
2) Describes me somewhat29216.8
3) Does not describe me very well36721.1
4) Does not describe me at all85949.3
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0
80) How likely are you to seek new and exciting experiences and sensations even if they are a little unconventional? (UNCONEXP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely unlikely885.1
2) Unlikely32118.4
3) Somewhat likely84548.5
4) Very likely38322.0
5) Definitely1056.0
Missing11 
TOTAL1742100.0
81) How likely are you to seek new and exciting experiences and sensations even if they are illegal? (ILLEGEXP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely unlikely43725.0
2) Unlikely64236.8
3) Somewhat likely48928.0
4) Very likely1548.8
5) Definitely231.3
Missing8 
TOTAL1745100.0
82) In general, would you consider your current religious faith to be… (CURFAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Very strong37221.3
2) Moderately strong79545.6
3) Moderately weak37721.6
4) Very weak1116.4
5) Non-existent895.1
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
83) About how often do you pray? (OFTPRAY)
TOTAL%
0) Never18110.4
1) Less than once a week28116.1
2) Once a week23613.5
3) Several times a week40123.0
4) Daily40623.3
5) Several times a day23813.7
Missing10 
TOTAL1743100.0
84) How close do you feel to God most of the time? (CLOSEGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Very close33619.3
2) Moderately close88050.6
3) Moderately distant31218.0
4) Very distant1005.8
5) No closeness at all1106.3
Missing15 
TOTAL1738100.0
85) How often do you attend worship services now? (WORATTND)
TOTAL%
0) Never20511.8
1) Once or twice a year30817.7
2) Once every other month or so27615.8
3) About once a month1679.6
4) Two or three times a month25914.9
5) Weekly or more often52930.3
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
86) Do you regularly attend (once/month or more often) worship services where most of the people's religious beliefs are similar to yours? (BELFSIM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes108462.5
2) No1458.4
3) I do not regularly attend worship services50529.1
Missing19 
TOTAL1734100.0
87) Do you regularly attend (once/month or more often) worship services where most of the people's religious beliefs are different from yours? (BELFDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes895.1
2) No115666.7
3) I do not regularly attend worship services48728.1
Missing21 
TOTAL1732100.0
88) (Note: For this next question, 'Protestant' generally refers to religious denominations such as Baptist, Presbyterian, Church of Christ, Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal, Nazarene, and other similar types.) With regard to your religious belief system, do you consider yourself to be: (RELAFFIL)
TOTAL%
0) None of the following28816.5
1) Conservative Protestant31217.9
2) Moderate Protestant41023.5
3) Liberal Protestant17410.0
4) Conservative Catholic1237.1
5) Moderate Catholic25814.8
6) Liberal Catholic1619.2
7) Orthodox Jew10.1
8) Conservative Jew40.2
9) Reformed Jew100.6
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0
89) For the next few questions, please indicate whether you Strongly Disagree (SD), Disagree (D), Uncertain (U), Agree (A), or Strongly Agree (SA) with the following statements regarding specific religious beliefs: I am sure that the Bible contains no errors or contradictions. (BIBLERR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree40223.3
2) Disagree39222.7
3) Uncertain35620.6
4) Agree26015.0
5) Strongly agree31918.4
Missing24 
TOTAL1729100.0
90) It is very important for true Christians to believe that the Bible is the infallible Word of God. (BIBINFAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree25214.5
2) Disagree32018.5
3) Uncertain30417.5
4) Agree43224.9
5) Strongly agree42524.5
Missing20 
TOTAL1733100.0
91) The Bible is the final and complete guide to morality; it contains God's answers to all important questions about right and wrong. (BIBMORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree28416.4
2) Disagree32919.0
3) Uncertain34720.1
4) Agree44025.4
5) Strongly agree33019.1
Missing23 
TOTAL1730100.0
92) Christians should not let themselves be influenced by worldly ideas. (WRLDIDEA)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree28516.4
2) Disagree37621.7
3) Uncertain42624.6
4) Agree43124.9
5) Strongly agree21512.4
Missing20 
TOTAL1733100.0
93) Christians must try hard to know and defend the true teachings of God's word. (DEFNDWRD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree1126.5
2) Disagree1528.8
3) Uncertain34820.1
4) Agree69840.3
5) Strongly agree42224.4
Missing21 
TOTAL1732100.0
94) The best education for a Christian child is in a Christian school with Christian teachers. (CHREDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree43124.9
2) Disagree61135.3
3) Uncertain40123.1
4) Agree20912.1
5) Strongly agree814.7
Missing20 
TOTAL1733100.0
95) How old are you now? (AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 or under44625.6
2) 1956932.6
3) 2035420.3
4) 2117710.2
5) 221056.0
6) 23412.4
7) 24150.9
8) 25 or older362.1
Missing10 
TOTAL1743100.0
96) How do you describe yourself? (ETHNICTY)
TOTAL%
1) White139079.8
2) Black915.2
3) Hispanic1408.0
4) Asian or Pacific Islander824.7
5) Native American or Alaskan Native50.3
6) Other331.9
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0
97) Are you: (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male67539.0
2) Female105461.0
Missing24 
TOTAL1729100.0
98) What is the highest level of education you have achieved? (EDUCAT)
TOTAL%
1) Freshman, college79045.4
2) Sophomore, college44625.6
3) Junior, college27215.6
4) Senior, college21512.4
5) Attend graduate school70.4
6) Graduate degree90.5
Missing14 
TOTAL1739100.0
99) What is the highest level of education achieved by your mother? (MOMEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 12th grade422.4
2) High school diploma25514.7
3) Trade school/Vocational training543.1
4) Some college29116.8
5) Associate's degree1267.3
6) College degree58533.7
7) Some graduate school563.2
8) Graduate degree32818.9
Missing16 
TOTAL1737100.0
100) What is the highest level of education achieved by your father? (DADEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 12th grade643.7
2) High school diploma20211.7
3) Trade school/Vocational training704.1
4) Some college24714.3
5) Associate's degree784.5
6) College degree50429.2
7) Some graduate school462.7
8) Graduate degree51629.9
Missing26 
TOTAL1727100.0
101) Are you currently: (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Single and NOT presently involved in a relationship89951.9
2) Single and involved in a relationship73842.6
3) Living with a significant other563.2
4) Married331.9
5) Divorced50.3
6) Widowed20.1
Missing20 
TOTAL1733100.0
102) How many cigarettes do you smoke each day? (CIGSMOKE)
TOTAL%
0) None155089.0
1) 1-10 cigarettes daily1518.7
2) 11-20 cigarettes daily331.9
3) More than one pack daily80.5
Missing11 
TOTAL1742100.0
103) How often do you use cannabis (marijuana) recreationally each month? (USEMARIJ)
TOTAL%
0) Never147884.9
1) 1-10 times18310.5
2) 11-20 times392.2
3) More than 20 times412.4
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0
104) How often do you use any illegal drug other than marijuana recreationally each month? (USEDRUG)
TOTAL%
0) Never164895.0
1) 1-10 times673.9
2) 11-20 times130.7
3) More than 20 times70.4
Missing18 
TOTAL1735100.0
105) For the next three questions, one alcoholic drink is defined as one 12-ounce beer, one 5-ounce glass of wine, or one ounce of distilled spirits, such as whiskey, etc. How often do you consume at least one drink of alcohol each month? (ONEDRINK)
TOTAL%
0) Never44325.5
1) 1-10 times81546.9
2) 11-20 times28516.4
3) More than 20 times19611.3
Missing14 
TOTAL1739100.0
106) In the past month, have you consumed five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion? (MTH5DRNK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96356.8
2) No70741.7
3) Uncertain241.4
Missing59 
TOTAL1694100.0
107) In the past week, have you consumed five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion? (WK5DRNKS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62837.4
2) No103361.5
3) Uncertain201.2
Missing72 
TOTAL1681100.0
108) How many times have you been arrested for something other than a routine traffic violation? (ARRESTED)
TOTAL%
0) Never156689.8
1) Once1186.8
2) Twice372.1
3) Three times150.9
4) Four times30.2
5) Five or more times50.3
Missing9 
TOTAL1744100.0
109) About how often would you say you cheat on your college work? (CHEAT)
TOTAL%
0) Never105660.8
1) Once a year or less36020.7
2) At least once a semester22112.7
3) As often as I think I can get away with it995.7
Missing17 
TOTAL1736100.0
110) Which University are you currently attending? (UNIVRSTY)
TOTAL%
1) Southwest State52329.8
2) Southern Baptist42224.1
3) Midwest State49728.4
4) Midwest Catholic31117.7
TOTAL1753100.0
111) At what age did you first have sexual intercourse? (AGESEX)
TOTAL%
0) You have never had sexual intercourse74342.9
1) Under 15653.8
2) 151166.7
3) 1620611.9
4) 1722112.8
5) 1823313.4
6) 19915.3
7) 20311.8
8) 21171.0
9) 22+100.6
Missing20 
TOTAL1733100.0
112) Approximately how many sexual partners have you had in the past year? (SEXPRTYR)
TOTAL%
0) None808.1
1) 149350.2
2) 218819.1
3) 310510.7
4) 4464.7
5) 5262.6
6) 6101.0
7) 790.9
8) 870.7
9) 9 or more191.9
Missing770 
TOTAL983100.0
113) Approximately how many sexual partners have you had in your lifetime? (SEXPRTLF)
TOTAL%
0) None90.9
1) 128929.5
2) 217117.4
3) 312012.2
4) 4889.0
5) 5767.7
6) 6565.7
7) 7293.0
8) 8252.5
9) 9 or more11812.0
Missing772 
TOTAL981100.0
114) In the past year, have your sexual partners been: (SEXTYPYR)
TOTAL%
0) No sexual partners in the past year757.7
1) Exclusively male53654.7
2) Exclusively female35536.2
3) Both male and female141.4
Missing773 
TOTAL980100.0
115) In your lifetime, have your sexual partners been: (SEXTYPLF)
TOTAL%
0) No sexual partners in your lifetime242.4
1) Exclusively male55056.1
2) Exclusively female38239.0
3) Both male and female242.4
Missing773 
TOTAL980100.0
116) About how often would you say that your sexual activity involves unprotected intercourse with a stranger? (UNPRSTRG)
TOTAL%
0) You never have sexual intercourse with a stranger82086.0
1) You occasionally have unprotected sexual intercourse with a stranger9810.3
2) About half the time you have sexual intercourse with a stranger151.6
3) You almost always have unprotected sexual intercourse with a stranger202.1
Missing800 
TOTAL953100.0
117) Religiosity scale (RELIGSTY)
TOTAL%
2) 543.1
3) 191.1
4) 311.8
5) 352.0
6) 331.9
7) 623.6
8) 623.6
9) 965.5
10) 865.0
11) 1015.8
12) 1327.6
13) 1267.3
14) 1428.2
15) 1438.2
16) 1478.5
17) 1508.6
18) 1217.0
19) 1096.3
20) 875.0
Missing17 
TOTAL1736100.0
118) Fundamentalism Scale (FUNDMNTL)
TOTAL%
6) 613.6
7) 241.4
8) 321.9
9) 291.7
10) 573.3
11) 452.6
12) 613.6
13) 663.9
14) 824.8
15) 975.7
16) 1005.8
17) 925.4
18) 1468.5
19) 1005.8
20) 1026.0
21) 915.3
22) 915.3
23) 774.5
24) 613.6
25) 744.3
26) 573.3
27) 814.7
28) 462.7
29) 181.1
30) 201.2
Missing43 
TOTAL1710100.0
119) Sensation-Seeking Scale (SENSSEEK)
TOTAL%
30) 10.1
31) 20.1
32) 80.5
33) 50.3
34) 60.4
35) 130.8
36) 241.4
37) 281.6
38) 372.2
39) 533.1
40) 523.0
41) 623.6
42) 1086.3
43) 925.4
44) 1076.3
45) 1116.5
46) 1166.8
47) 1076.3
48) 915.3
49) 1146.7
50) 945.5
51) 764.4
52) 734.3
53) 764.4
54) 573.3
55) 543.2
56) 432.5
57) 271.6
58) 181.1
59) 221.3
60) 90.5
61) 60.4
62) 60.4
63) 30.2
64) 40.2
65) 40.2
Missing44 
TOTAL1709100.0
120) Filter_$ V097 = 2 (FILTER) (FILTER)
TOTAL%
0) Not selected67539.0
1) Selected105461.0
Missing24 
TOTAL1729100.0
121) I-AGE: How old are you now? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 or under44625.6
2) 1956932.6
3) 2035420.3
4) 2117710.2
5) 221056.0
6) 23 or older925.3
Missing10 
TOTAL1743100.0
122) I-CLASSYR: What is the highest level of education you have achieved? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-CLASSYR)
TOTAL%
1) Freshman, college79045.4
2) Sophomore, college44625.6
3) Junior, college27215.6
4) Senior, college21512.4
5) Graduate school160.9
Missing14 
TOTAL1739100.0
123) I-EDUC: Which University are you currently attending? (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Southwest State52329.8
2) Southern Baptist42224.1
3) Midwest State49728.4
4) Midwest Catholic31117.7
TOTAL1753100.0
124) I-GENDER: Are you: (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male67539.0
2) Female105461.0
Missing24 
TOTAL1729100.0
125) I-RACE: How do you describe yourself? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White139079.8
2) Black915.2
3) Hispanic1408.0
4) Asian or Pacific Islander824.7
5) Other382.2
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0
126) I-RELIGION: (Note: For this next question, 'Protestant' generally refers to religious denominations such as Baptist, Presbyterian, Church of Christ, Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal, Nazarene, and other similar types.) With regard to your religious belief system, do you consider yourself to be: (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
0) None of the following28816.5
1) Protestant89651.5
2) Catholic54231.1
3) Jewish150.9
Missing12 
TOTAL1741100.0