Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 204) WEIGHT
1) Respondent ID (RESP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL290516645.4822884.24
2) Sample type (STYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Landline202369.6
2) Cell phone88230.4
TOTAL2905100.0
3) Respondent's area code (AREA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2905586.42233.86
4) Respondent's time zone (TIMEZONE)
TOTAL%
1) Eastern144249.6
2) Central83428.7
3) Mountain1264.3
4) Pacific50317.3
TOTAL2905100.0
5) 5-digit FIPS code for area (See Note 2: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (QFIPS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL290528531.0615916.47
6) Metropolitan Statistical Area code (See Note 3: MSA Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (QMSA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL290524966.0415411.79
7) Census division (QCENDIV)
TOTAL%
1) New England1364.7
2) Middle Atlantic39713.7
3) East North Central43014.8
4) West North Central2418.3
5) South Atlantic56419.4
6) East South Central1916.6
7) West South Central32311.1
8) Mountain1956.7
9) Pacific42814.7
TOTAL2905100.0
8) Phone type (QPHTYPE)
TOTAL%
0) Unlisted72625
1) Listed129744.6
2) Protected (cell phone)88230.4
TOTAL2905100.0
9) Urban, suburban, rural census division (QUSRCD)
TOTAL%
1) Urban59829.6
2) Suburban100949.9
3) Rural41520.5
Missing882 
TOTAL2022100.0
10) Census region (CREGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast53318.3
2) Midwest67123.1
3) South107837.1
4) West62321.4
TOTAL2905100.0
11) Population density (QDENSITY)
TOTAL%
1) Lowest population density59320.4
2) 258220
3) 358620.2
4) 457719.9
5) Highest population density56719.5
TOTAL2905100.0
12) Form ID (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1144049.6
2) Form 2146550.4
TOTAL2905100.0
13) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male140648.4
2) Female149951.6
TOTAL2905100.0
14) If STYPE = 2: Is the respondent at least 18 years old? (S1) (RESP18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes882100
Missing2023 
TOTAL882100.0
15) If STYPE = 2: Is now a good time to talk? (S2) (TALKNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes882100
Missing2023 
TOTAL882100.0
16) All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today? (Q1) (SATCNTRY)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied60921
2) Dissatisfied214974
9) Don't know/Refused1485.1
TOTAL2906100.0
17) How much thought have you given to the coming presidential election? Quite a lot or only a little? (THOUGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Quite a lot194466.9
2) Some1585.4
3) Little64722.3
4) None1244.3
9) Don't know/Refused321.1
TOTAL2905100.0
18) Are you NOW registered to vote in your precinct or election district or haven't you been able to register so far? (REGIST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, registered229078.8
2) No, not registered60921
9) Don't know/Refused6.2
TOTAL2905100.0
19) If YES to REGIST: Are you absolutely certain you are registered to vote, or is there a chance your registration lapsed? (REGICERT)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely certain222797.2
2) Chance registration lapsed482.1
9) Don't know/Refused15.7
Missing615 
TOTAL2290100.0
20) If YES to REGIST: Have you ever voted in your precinct or election district? (PRECINCT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes196588.2
2) No26211.8
9) Don't know/Refused10
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
21) If YES to REGIST: How often would you say you vote? (OFTVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Always122254.9
2) Nearly always63628.6
3) Part of the time2099.4
4) Seldom853.8
5) Never vote462.1
6) Other response261.2
9) Don't know/Refused3.1
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
22) Candidates' name read first on VOTE08 and LEAN08 (Q5CHO) (RNDMVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain's name read first111049.8
2) Barack Obama's name read first111750.2
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
23) Suppose the 2008 presidential election was being held today. If you had to choose between [John McCain or Barack Obama (rotated)], who would you vote for? (See RNDMVOTE for order of candidates' names as read.) (Q5) (VOTE08)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain, the Republican85838.5
2) Barack Obama, the Democrat94942.6
3) Other candidate964.3
9) Don't know/Refused32514.6
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
24) If VOTE08 = 3 or 9: As of today, do you LEAN more to [McCain, the Republican, or Obama, the Democrat]? (See RNDMVOTE for order of candidates' names as read.) (Q5A) (LEAN08)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain, the Republican10725.5
2) Barack Obama, the Democrat8319.8
3) Other candidate4510.7
9) Don't know/Refused18544
Missing2485 
TOTAL420100.0
25) Horserace [VOTE08 and LEAN08 responses combined] (See Note 4: HORSE Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (Q5HORSE) (HORSE)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain/Lean McCain96543.3
2) Barack Obama/Lean Obama103246.3
3) Other candidate452
9) Don't know/Refused to lean1858.3
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
26) If VOTE08 = MCCAIN or OBAMA: Do you support your presidential candidate strongly or only moderately? (Q5B) (SUPPRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly97453.9
2) Only moderately81144.9
9) Don't know/Refused211.2
Missing1099 
TOTAL1806100.0
27) If VOTE08 = MCCAIN: Would you say that your choice more a vote FOR John McCain or more a vote AGAINST Barack Obama? (Q6A) (FORMCAIN)
TOTAL%
1) For McCain56058.1
2) Against Obama34736
9) Don't know/Refused575.9
Missing1940 
TOTAL964100.0
28) If VOTE08 = OBAMA: Is your choice more a vote FOR Barack Obama or more a vote AGAINST John McCain? (Q6B) (FOROBMA)
TOTAL%
1) For Obama72870.4
2) Against McCain27326.4
9) Don't know/Refused333.2
Missing1872 
TOTAL1034100.0
29) Which question was asked first, CHNCMCCN or CHNCOBMA? (FX78) (RNDMCHNC)
TOTAL%
1) CHNCMCCN111149.9
2) CHNCOBMA111650.1
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
30) If R did not choose MCCAIN on VOTE08 or LEAN08: Do you think there is a chance you might vote for John McCain in November, or have you definitely decided not to vote for him? (Q7) (CHNCMCCN)
TOTAL%
1) Chance might vote for him30624.2
2) Decided not to vote for him83365.9
9) Don't know/Refused1259.9
Missing1642 
TOTAL1264100.0
31) If R did not choose OBAMA on VOTE08 or LEAN08: Do you think there is a chance you might vote for Barack Obama in November, or have you definitely decided not to vote for him? (Q8) (CHNCOBMA)
TOTAL%
1) Chance might vote for him27723.2
2) Decided not to vote for him79466.4
9) Don't know/Refused12410.4
Missing1710 
TOTAL1195100.0
32) Vote preference in 2008 (See Note 5: SWING08 Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (SWING) (SWING08)
TOTAL%
1) McCain - No chance Obama71332
2) Obama - No chance McCain77034.6
3) McCain - Lean McCain, chance Obama25211.3
4) Obama - Lean Obama, chance McCain26211.8
5) Undecided23010.3
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
33) If REGICERT = 1: Do you plan to vote in the election this November? (PLANTO1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes215496.7
2) No411.8
9) Don't know/Refused321.4
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
34) If REGICERT = 1: I'd like you to rate your chance of voting in November on a scale of 10 to 1. If 10 represents a person who definitely will vote and 1 represents a person who will definitely NOT vote, where on this scale of 10 to 1 would you place yourself? (SCALE10)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely will not vote492.2
2) 6.3
3) 11.5
4) 6.3
5) 512.3
6) 21.9
7) 431.9
8) 1165.2
9) 1406.3
10) Definitely will vote177379.6
11) Don't know12.5
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
35) If REGICERT = 1: Thinking back to the Democratic nomination contest, who did you prefer more -- Barack Obama or Hillary Clinton? (Q9) (DEMS08)
TOTAL%
1) Barack Obama88639.8
2) Hillary Clinton86538.8
3) Other351.6
4) Neither/None35115.8
9) Don't know/Refused904
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
36) If REGICERT = 1: Thinking back to the Republican nomination contest, who did you prefer more -- John McCain or one of the other candidates who ran? (Q10) (REPS08)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain77234.7
2) Preferred another candidate89740.3
3) Neither/None41018.4
9) Don't know/Refused1486.6
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
37) Which questions were asked first, (LIKEMCCN and TRBLMCCN) or (LIKEOBMA and TRBLOBMA)? (FX1618) (RNDMLITR)
TOTAL%
1) LIKEMCCN and TRBLMCCN111550.1
2) LIKEOBMA and TRBLOBMA111249.9
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
38) If REGICERT = 1: Which of the following, if any, do you like most about John McCain? Is it . . . (Q16) (LIKEMCCN)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues1878.4
2) His positions on economic issues2159.6
3) His positions on foreign policy issues35415.9
4) His personal abilities and experiences89240
5) None43319.4
9) Don't know/Refused1476.6
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
39) If REGICERT = 1: And which of the following, if any, troubles you most about John McCain? Is it . . . (Q17) (TRBLMCCN)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues29813.4
2) His positions on economic issues57926
3) His positions on foreign policy issues54624.5
4) His personal abilities and experiences2019
5) None38217.1
9) Don't know/Refused22210
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
40) If REGICERT = 1: Which of the following, if any, do you like most about Barack Obama? Is it . . . (Q18) (LIKEOBMA)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues37016.6
2) His positions on economic issues53724.1
3) His positions on foreign policy issues2109.4
4) His personal abilities and experiences30113.5
5) None62528.1
9) Don't know/Refused1848.3
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
41) If REGICERT = 1: And which of the following, if any, troubles you most about Barack Obama? Is it . . . (Q19) (TRBLOBMA)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues23610.6
2) His positions on economic issues27512.3
3) His positions on foreign policy issues41118.4
4) His personal abilities and experiences73633
5) None37516.8
9) Don't know/Refused1958.8
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
42) Candidate's position category read first on LIKEMCCN, TRBLMCCN, LIKEOBMA, and TRBLOBMA (XRQ16_1) (RDMLITR1)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues73533
2) His positions on economic issues74933.6
3) His positions on foreign policy issues74433.4
Missing678 
TOTAL2228100.0
43) Candidate's position category read second on LIKEMCCN, TRBLMCCN, LIKEOBMA, and TRBLOBMA (XRQ16_2) (RDMLITR2)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues76134.2
2) His positions on economic issues76034.1
3) His positions on foreign policy issues70631.7
Missing678 
TOTAL2227100.0
44) Candidate's position category read third on LIKEMCCN, TRBLMCCN, LIKEOBMA, and TRBLOBMA (XRQ16_3) (RDMLITR3)
TOTAL%
1) His positions on moral and social issues73132.8
2) His positions on economic issues71832.3
3) His positions on foreign policy issues77734.9
Missing678 
TOTAL2226100.0
45) Candidate's name read first on JGCRISIS through TKSTAND (Q21CHO) (RNDMCHAR)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain146650.5
2) Barack Obama143949.5
TOTAL2905100.0
46) Of the following questions, which question was read first? (XRQ21_1) (RDMCHAR1)
TOTAL%
1) JGCRISIS (Form 1)34111.7
2) TYPPOL (Form 1)37112.8
3) GETDONE (Form 1)37512.9
4) SHVALUE (Form 1)35312.2
5) NEWIDEA (Form 2)31010.7
6) QUALPRES (Form 2)2889.9
7) HONTRUTH (Form 2)30510.5
8) CONCTAMS (Form 2)2809.6
9) TKSTAND (Form 2)2829.7
TOTAL2905100.0
47) Of the following questions, which question was read second? (XRQ21_2) (RDMCHAR2)
TOTAL%
1) JGCRISIS (Form 1)36812.7
2) TYPPOL (Form 1)39813.7
3) GETDONE (Form 1)32611.2
4) SHVALUE (Form 1)34812
5) NEWIDEA (Form 2)2769.5
6) QUALPRES (Form 2)30510.5
7) HONTRUTH (Form 2)2789.6
8) CONCTAMS (Form 2)30910.6
9) TKSTAND (Form 2)29710.2
TOTAL2905100.0
48) Of the following questions, which question was read third? (XRQ21_3) (RDMCHAR3)
TOTAL%
1) JGCRISIS (Form 1)36412.5
2) TYPPOL (Form 1)33011.4
3) GETDONE (Form 1)36912.7
4) SHVALUE (Form 1)37813
5) NEWIDEA (Form 2)2899.9
6) QUALPRES (Form 2)2829.7
7) HONTRUTH (Form 2)2829.7
8) CONCTAMS (Form 2)30310.4
9) TKSTAND (Form 2)30910.6
TOTAL2906100.0
49) Of the following questions, which question was read fourth? (XRQ21_4) (RDMCHAR4)
TOTAL%
1) JGCRISIS (Form 1)36712.6
2) TYPPOL (Form 1)34111.7
3) GETDONE (Form 1)37012.7
4) SHVALUE (Form 1)36212.5
5) NEWIDEA (Form 2)2879.9
6) QUALPRES (Form 2)29510.2
7) HONTRUTH (Form 2)30910.6
8) CONCTAMS (Form 2)2729.4
9) TKSTAND (Form 2)30210.4
TOTAL2905100.0
50) Of the following questions, which question was read fifth? (XRQ21_5) (RDMCHAR5)
TOTAL%
5) NEWIDEA (Form 2)30320.7
6) QUALPRES (Form 2)29520.1
7) HONTRUTH (Form 2)29219.9
8) CONCTAMS (Form 2)30120.5
9) TKSTAND (Form 2)27518.8
Missing1440 
TOTAL1466100.0
51) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Would use good judgment in a crisis (Question asked on Form 1 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21AF1) (JGCRISIS)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain69248.1
2) Barack Obama52536.5
3) Neither473.3
4) Both equally845.8
9) Don't know/Refused926.4
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
52) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: A typical politician (Question asked on Form 1 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21CF1) (TYPPOL)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain69148
2) Barack Obama46031.9
3) Neither634.4
4) Both equally15710.9
9) Don't know/Refused704.9
Missing1465 
TOTAL1441100.0
53) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Can get things done (Question asked on Form 1 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21DF1) (GETDONE)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain55238.3
2) Barack Obama59941.6
3) Neither1178.1
4) Both equally694.8
9) Don't know/Refused1037.2
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
54) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Shares my values (Question asked on Form 1 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21EF1) (SHVALUE)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain52836.7
2) Barack Obama69148
3) Neither936.5
4) Both equally443.1
9) Don't know/Refused845.8
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
55) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Has new ideas (Question asked on Form 2 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21FF2) (NEWIDEA)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain21914.9
2) Barack Obama100668.7
3) Neither1127.6
4) Both equally402.7
9) Don't know/Refused886
Missing1440 
TOTAL1465100.0
56) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Personally qualified to be president (Question asked on Form 2 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21GF2) (QUALPRES)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain72849.7
2) Barack Obama45230.9
3) Neither1016.9
4) Both equally1107.5
9) Don't know/Refused745.1
Missing1440 
TOTAL1465100.0
57) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Honest and truthful (Question asked on Form 2 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21HF2) (HONTRUTH)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain51134.9
2) Barack Obama55437.8
3) Neither15810.8
4) Both equally1369.3
9) Don't know/Refused1067.2
Missing1440 
TOTAL1465100.0
58) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Connects well with ordinary Americans (Question asked on Form 2 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21IF2) (CONCTAMS)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain42829.2
2) Barack Obama83857.2
3) Neither513.5
4) Both equally644.4
9) Don't know/Refused845.7
Missing1440 
TOTAL1465100.0
59) Tell me if you think this phrase better describes John McCain or Barack Obama: Willing to take a stand, even if it's unpopular (Question asked on Form 2 only; names of candidates rotated as per RNDMCHAR) (Q21JF2) (TKSTAND)
TOTAL%
1) John McCain64944.3
2) Barack Obama59640.7
3) Neither584
4) Both equally674.6
9) Don't know/Refused966.5
Missing1440 
TOTAL1466100.0
60) Of the following questions, which question was read first? (XRQ22_1) (RDMISS1)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2498.6
2) IRAQ2659.1
3) TERRISM2388.2
4) GAYMARR2498.6
5) MORVAL2197.5
6) ABRTN2348
7) ENERGY2217.6
8) HLTHCARE2619
9) EDUCTION2508.6
10) ENVIRO2418.3
11) IMMGTN2227.6
12) TRADEPOL2588.9
TOTAL2907100.0
61) Of the following questions, which question was read second? (XRQ22_2) (RDMISS2)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2358.1
2) IRAQ2378.2
3) TERRISM2348.1
4) GAYMARR2348.1
5) MORVAL2247.7
6) ABRTN2458.4
7) ENERGY2528.7
8) HLTHCARE2267.8
9) EDUCTION2498.6
10) ENVIRO2558.8
11) IMMGTN2448.4
12) TRADEPOL2719.3
TOTAL2906100.0
62) Of the following questions, which question was read third? (XRQ22_3) (RDMISS3)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2147.4
2) IRAQ2558.8
3) TERRISM2167.4
4) GAYMARR2458.4
5) MORVAL2729.4
6) ABRTN2659.1
7) ENERGY2578.8
8) HLTHCARE2328
9) EDUCTION2498.6
10) ENVIRO2428.3
11) IMMGTN2197.5
12) TRADEPOL2398.2
TOTAL2905100.0
63) Of the following questions, which question was read fourth? (XRQ22_4) (RDMISS4)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2428.3
2) IRAQ2307.9
3) TERRISM2217.6
4) GAYMARR2588.9
5) MORVAL2608.9
6) ABRTN2508.6
7) ENERGY2418.3
8) HLTHCARE2388.2
9) EDUCTION2538.7
10) ENVIRO2317.9
11) IMMGTN2418.3
12) TRADEPOL2428.3
TOTAL2907100.0
64) Of the following questions, which question was read fifth? (XRQ22_5) (RDMISS5)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2458.4
2) IRAQ2358.1
3) TERRISM2508.6
4) GAYMARR2488.5
5) MORVAL2428.3
6) ABRTN2277.8
7) ENERGY2277.8
8) HLTHCARE2338
9) EDUCTION2388.2
10) ENVIRO2809.6
11) IMMGTN2418.3
12) TRADEPOL2398.2
TOTAL2905100.0
65) Of the following questions, which question was read sixth? (XRQ22_6) (RDMISS6)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2227.6
2) IRAQ2498.6
3) TERRISM2538.7
4) GAYMARR2368.1
5) MORVAL2478.5
6) ABRTN2358.1
7) ENERGY2639
8) HLTHCARE2348
9) EDUCTION2408.3
10) ENVIRO2548.7
11) IMMGTN2619
12) TRADEPOL2137.3
TOTAL2907100.0
66) Of the following questions, which question was read seventh? (XRQ22_7) (RDMISS7)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2619
2) IRAQ2267.8
3) TERRISM2719.3
4) GAYMARR2117.3
5) MORVAL2629
6) ABRTN2468.5
7) ENERGY2277.8
8) HLTHCARE2227.6
9) EDUCTION2779.5
10) ENVIRO2438.4
11) IMMGTN2478.5
12) TRADEPOL2107.2
TOTAL2903100.0
67) Of the following questions, which question was read eighth? (XRQ22_8) (RDMISS8)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2799.6
2) IRAQ2267.8
3) TERRISM2207.6
4) GAYMARR2388.2
5) MORVAL2227.6
6) ABRTN2388.2
7) ENERGY2318
8) HLTHCARE2578.8
9) EDUCTION2378.2
10) ENVIRO2428.3
11) IMMGTN2609
12) TRADEPOL2558.8
TOTAL2905100.0
68) Of the following questions, which question was read ninth? (XRQ22_9) (RDMISS9)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2458.4
2) IRAQ2378.2
3) TERRISM2528.7
4) GAYMARR2408.3
5) MORVAL2819.7
6) ABRTN2338
7) ENERGY2328
8) HLTHCARE2598.9
9) EDUCTION2207.6
10) ENVIRO2257.7
11) IMMGTN2398.2
12) TRADEPOL2438.4
TOTAL2906100.0
69) Of the following questions, which question was read tenth? (XRQ22_10) (RDMISS10)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2307.9
2) IRAQ2669.2
3) TERRISM2598.9
4) GAYMARR2649.1
5) MORVAL2157.4
6) ABRTN2307.9
7) ENERGY2699.3
8) HLTHCARE2398.2
9) EDUCTION2368.1
10) ENVIRO2097.2
11) IMMGTN2398.2
12) TRADEPOL2508.6
TOTAL2906100.0
70) Of the following questions, which question was read eleventh? (XRQ22_11) (RDMISS11)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2257.7
2) IRAQ2287.8
3) TERRISM2629
4) GAYMARR2338
5) MORVAL2227.6
6) ABRTN2368.1
7) ENERGY2558.8
8) HLTHCARE2187.5
9) EDUCTION2448.4
10) ENVIRO2608.9
11) IMMGTN2568.8
12) TRADEPOL2679.2
TOTAL2906100.0
71) Of the following questions, which question was read twelfth? (XRQ22_12) (RDMISS12)
TOTAL%
1) ECON2598.9
2) IRAQ2518.6
3) TERRISM2277.8
4) GAYMARR2528.7
5) MORVAL2418.3
6) ABRTN2679.2
7) ENERGY2318
8) HLTHCARE2879.9
9) EDUCTION2127.3
10) ENVIRO2247.7
11) IMMGTN2368.1
12) TRADEPOL2187.5
TOTAL2905100.0
72) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of the economy be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22A) (ECON)
TOTAL%
1) Very important253387.2
2) Somewhat important31110.7
3) Not too important281
4) Not at all important18.6
9) Don't know/Refused15.5
TOTAL2905100.0
73) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of Iraq be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22B) (IRAQ)
TOTAL%
1) Very important202769.8
2) Somewhat important62921.6
3) Not too important1364.7
4) Not at all important692.4
9) Don't know/Refused451.5
TOTAL2906100.0
74) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of terrorism be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22C) (TERRISM)
TOTAL%
1) Very important208471.7
2) Somewhat important57419.8
3) Not too important1404.8
4) Not at all important802.8
9) Don't know/Refused281
TOTAL2906100.0
75) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22D) (GAYMARR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important78026.9
2) Somewhat important58220
3) Not too important52418
4) Not at all important94132.4
9) Don't know/Refused772.7
TOTAL2904100.0
76) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of moral values be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22E) (MORVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very important182662.9
2) Somewhat important75426
3) Not too important1846.3
4) Not at all important1083.7
9) Don't know/Refused331.1
TOTAL2905100.0
77) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of abortion be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22F) (ABRTN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important117240.3
2) Somewhat important75626
3) Not too important44915.5
4) Not at all important44515.3
9) Don't know/Refused842.9
TOTAL2906100.0
78) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of energy be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22G) (ENERGY)
TOTAL%
1) Very important222376.5
2) Somewhat important55819.2
3) Not too important732.5
4) Not at all important27.9
9) Don't know/Refused24.8
TOTAL2905100.0
79) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of health care be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22H) (HLTHCARE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important215874.3
2) Somewhat important56819.6
3) Not too important1284.4
4) Not at all important421.4
9) Don't know/Refused9.3
TOTAL2905100.0
80) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of education be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22I) (EDUCTION)
TOTAL%
1) Very important219275.4
2) Somewhat important54218.7
3) Not too important1123.9
4) Not at all important411.4
9) Don't know/Refused19.7
TOTAL2906100.0
81) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of the environment be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22J) (ENVIRO)
TOTAL%
1) Very important178761.5
2) Somewhat important83628.8
3) Not too important1796.2
4) Not at all important772.7
9) Don't know/Refused26.9
TOTAL2905100.0
82) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of immigration be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22L) (IMMGTN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important155753.6
2) Somewhat important90731.2
3) Not too important2889.9
4) Not at all important1194.1
9) Don't know/Refused341.2
TOTAL2905100.0
83) In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of trade policy be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22M) (TRADEPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Very important140448.3
2) Somewhat important105936.5
3) Not too important2558.8
4) Not at all important782.7
9) Don't know/Refused1093.8
TOTAL2905100.0
84) Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? (Question asked on Form 2 only) (Q23F2) (APPBUSH)
TOTAL%
1) Approve41128.1
2) Disapprove96465.8
9) Don't know/Refused906.1
Missing1440 
TOTAL1465100.0
85) Do you approve or disapprove of the job the Democratic leaders in Congress are doing? (Question asked on Form 2 only) (Q24F2) (APPDEMS)
TOTAL%
1) Approve45230.9
2) Disapprove84357.5
9) Don't know/Refused17011.6
Missing1440 
TOTAL1465100.0
86) Which question was asked first, HLINSALL or WORSHP? (XRQ25_1) (RDMHLWO1)
TOTAL%
1) HLINSALL143349.3
2) WORSHP147250.7
TOTAL2905100.0
87) Which question was asked second, HLINSALL or WORSHP? (XRQ25_2) (RDMHLWO2)
TOTAL%
1) HLINSALL147250.7
2) WORSHP143349.3
TOTAL2905100.0
88) All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] the U.S. government guaranteeing health insurance for all citizens, even if it means raising taxes? (Q25A) (HLINSALL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor85629.5
2) Favor96933.4
3) Oppose59720.6
4) Strongly oppose38513.3
9) Don't know/Refused983.4
TOTAL2905100.0
89) All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing churches and other houses of worship to apply, along with other organizations, for government funding to provide social services such as job training or drug treatment counseling to people who need them? (Q25B) (WORSHP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor76226.2
2) Favor118940.9
3) Oppose54618.8
4) Strongly oppose29710.2
9) Don't know/Refused1113.8
TOTAL2905100.0
90) All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (Q25C) (GAYLEGL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor37713
2) Favor76026.2
3) Oppose62021.3
4) Strongly oppose87830.2
9) Don't know/Refused2709.3
TOTAL2905100.0
91) All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (Q25D) (GAYRTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor52418
2) Favor103135.5
3) Oppose54818.9
4) Strongly oppose61421.1
9) Don't know/Refused1896.5
TOTAL2906100.0
92) All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing gays and lesbians to adopt children? (Q25E) (GAYADPT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor46416
2) Favor88130.3
3) Oppose64622.2
4) Strongly oppose73325.2
9) Don't know/Refused1816.2
TOTAL2905100.0
93) On the question ABORTION, were the choices read down from "legal in all cases" or up from "illegal in all cases"? (Q26CHO) (RDMABORT)
TOTAL%
1) "Legal in all cases" read first144749.8
2) "Illegal in all cases" read first145850.2
TOTAL2905100.0
94) Do you think abortion should be . . . ? (Choices read in reverse order for half of the sample, as per RDMABORT) (Q26) (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Legal in all cases49817.1
2) Legal in most cases106136.5
3) Illegal in most cases76526.3
4) Illegal in all cases44215.2
9) Don't know/Refused1394.8
TOTAL2905100.0
95) Which question was read first, DEMFAV or REPFAV? (XRQ28_1) (RNDMFAV1)
TOTAL%
1) DEMFAV144649.8
2) REPFAV145950.2
TOTAL2905100.0
96) Which question was read second, DEMFAV or REPFAV? (XRQ28_2) (RNDMFAV2)
TOTAL%
1) DEMFAV145950.2
2) REPFAV144649.8
TOTAL2905100.0
97) Would you say your overall opinion of the Democratic Party is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (Q28A) (DEMFAV)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable46215.9
2) Mostly favorable118740.9
3) Mostly unfavorable68123.4
4) Very unfavorable37913
5) Never heard of14.5
8) Can't rate1475.1
9) Don't know/Refused351.2
TOTAL2905100.0
98) Would you say your overall opinion of the Republican Party is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (Q28B) (REPFAV)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable2649.1
2) Mostly favorable98934
3) Mostly unfavorable89930.9
4) Very unfavorable53018.2
5) Never heard of25.9
8) Can't rate1665.7
9) Don't know/Refused331.1
TOTAL2906100.0
99) In general, who do you think can do the best job of providing services to people in need? (See RNDMSRV1-RNDMSRV3 for order choices were read in) (Q30) (SRVNEED)
TOTAL%
1) Religious organizations88630.5
2) Non-religious, community-based organizations85429.4
3) Federal and state government agencies90631.2
4) None of the above782.7
9) Don't know/Refused1826.3
TOTAL2906100.0
100) Which choice was read first on SRVNEED? (XRQ30_1) (RNDMSRV1)
TOTAL%
1) Religious organizations100234.5
2) Non-religious, community-based organizations92231.7
3) Federal and state government agencies98133.8
9) Don't know/Refused00
TOTAL2905100.0
101) Which choice was read second on SRVNEED? (XRQ30_2) (RNDMSRV2)
TOTAL%
1) Religious organizations94032.3
2) Non-religious, community-based organizations100534.6
3) Federal and state government agencies96133.1
9) Don't know/Refused00
TOTAL2906100.0
102) Which choice was read third on SRVNEED? (XRQ30_3) (RNDMSRV3)
TOTAL%
1) Religious organizations96433.2
2) Non-religious, community-based organizations97833.7
3) Federal and state government agencies96333.1
9) Don't know/Refused00
TOTAL2905100.0
103) These days, how much do you think churches, synagogues, and other houses of worship contribute to solving important social problems? (Q31) (CHRHPROB)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal69323.9
2) Some149651.5
3) Not much46616
4) Nothing at all1956.7
9) Don't know/Refused551.9
TOTAL2905100.0
104) Which question was asked first, CHRHFUND or CHARFUND? (XRQ32_1) (RDMFUND1)
TOTAL%
1) CHRHFUND143249.3
2) CHARFUND147350.7
TOTAL2905100.0
105) Which question was asked second, CHRHFUND or CHARFUND? (XRQ32_2) (RDMFUND2)
TOTAL%
1) CHRHFUND147350.7
2) CHARFUND143249.3
TOTAL2905100.0
106) Would you favor or oppose individual churches, synagogues, and other houses of worship applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32A) (CHRHFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor173859.8
2) Oppose104936.1
9) Don't know/Refused1194.1
TOTAL2906100.0
107) Would you favor or oppose charitable organizations that have a religious affiliation applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32B) (CHARFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor196367.5
2) Oppose81928.2
9) Don't know/Refused1244.3
TOTAL2906100.0
108) Would you favor or oppose Catholic churches applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32C) (CATHFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor178661.5
2) Oppose100834.7
9) Don't know/Refused1123.9
TOTAL2906100.0
109) Would you favor or oppose Protestant churches applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32D) (PROTFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor170558.7
2) Oppose102935.4
9) Don't know/Refused1715.9
TOTAL2905100.0
110) Would you favor or oppose Muslim mosques applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32E) (MUSLFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor115839.9
2) Oppose153953
9) Don't know/Refused2087.2
TOTAL2905100.0
111) Would you favor or oppose Jewish synagogues applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32F) (JEWFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor161555.6
2) Oppose112038.6
9) Don't know/Refused1705.9
TOTAL2905100.0
112) Would you favor or oppose The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Mormon churches, applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32I) (MORMFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor145550.1
2) Oppose127443.8
9) Don't know/Refused1776.1
TOTAL2906100.0
113) Would you favor or oppose Evangelical Christian churches applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32J) (EVNGFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor159654.9
2) Oppose111638.4
9) Don't know/Refused1936.6
TOTAL2905100.0
114) Would you favor or oppose groups that encourage religious conversion as part of the services they provide applying for government funds to provide social services to people who need them? (Q32K) (GRPSFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Favor94032.4
2) Oppose177961.2
9) Don't know/Refused1866.4
TOTAL2905100.0
115) If religious organizations do use government funds to provide social services, do you think they should be allowed to ONLY hire people who share their religious beliefs? (Q33) (ORGHIRE)
TOTAL%
1) Should be allowed63121.7
2) Shouldn't be allowed to do this212973.3
9) Don't know/Refused1455
TOTAL2905100.0
116) Of the following questions, which question was read first? (XRQ34_1) (RNDMVAL1)
TOTAL%
1) BUSHVAL52927.4
2) CLINTVAL46123.9
3) OBMAVAL48225
4) MCCNVAL45923.8
Missing974 
TOTAL1931100.0
117) Of the following questions, which question was read second? (XRQ34_2) (RNDMVAL2)
TOTAL%
1) BUSHVAL48525.1
2) CLINTVAL47024.3
3) OBMAVAL49425.6
4) MCCNVAL48225
Missing974 
TOTAL1931100.0
118) Of the following questions, which question was read third? (XRQ34_3) (RNDMVAL3)
TOTAL%
1) BUSHVAL43222.4
2) CLINTVAL51926.9
3) OBMAVAL49725.8
4) MCCNVAL48225
Missing974 
TOTAL1930100.0
119) Of the following questions, which question was read fourth? (XRQ34_4) (RNDMVAL4)
TOTAL%
1) BUSHVAL48425.1
2) CLINTVAL48124.9
3) OBMAVAL45823.7
4) MCCNVAL50826.3
Missing974 
TOTAL1931100.0
120) From what you've read and heard, would you say George W. Bush has moral values that are very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34AAF1) (BUSHVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative33923.5
2) Conservative54537.8
3) Moderate21615
4) Liberal1127.8
5) Very liberal956.6
9) Don't know/Refused1339.2
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
121) From what you've read and heard, would you say Bill Clinton has moral values that are very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34ABF1) (CLINTVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative714.9
2) Conservative15210.6
3) Moderate30421.1
4) Liberal48733.8
5) Very liberal30020.8
9) Don't know/Refused1268.8
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
122) From what you've read and heard, would you say Barack Obama has moral values that are very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34ACF1) (OBMAVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative876
2) Conservative20714.4
3) Moderate31722
4) Liberal46232.1
5) Very liberal23216.1
9) Don't know/Refused1359.4
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
123) From what you've read and heard, would you say John McCain has moral values that are very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34ADF1) (MCCNVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative18713
2) Conservative63944.4
3) Moderate32122.3
4) Liberal1127.8
5) Very liberal473.3
9) Don't know/Refused1349.3
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
124) And how would you describe your own moral values? Would you say that your moral values are . . . (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q34BF1) (OWNVAL)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative24316.9
2) Conservative45631.6
3) Moderate42129.2
4) Liberal20013.9
5) Very liberal916.3
9) Don't know/Refused302.1
Missing1465 
TOTAL1441100.0
125) Order of answer choices on CRCHPOL as read (Q35CHO) (RNDMPOL)
TOTAL%
1) "Should keep out" read first68447.5
2) "Should express views" read first75652.5
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
126) Should churches and other houses of worship (keep out of political matters), or should they (express their views on day-to-day social and political questions)? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Answer choices rotated; see RNDMPOL) (Q35F1) (CRCHPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Should keep out75452.4
2) Should express views65145.2
9) Don't know/Refused352.4
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
127) During political elections, should churches and other houses of worship come out in favor of one candidate over another, or shouldn't they do this? (Question asked on Form 2 only) (Q36F2) (CRCHELEC)
TOTAL%
1) Should come out in favor of candidates42428.9
2) Should not come out in favor of candidates97566.5
9) Don't know/Refused674.6
Missing1440 
TOTAL1466100.0
128) Do you think there has been too much, too little, or the right amount of expressions of religious faith and prayer by political leaders? (Q37) (RELPOLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Too much85129.3
2) Too little103235.5
3) Right amount81127.9
9) Don't know/Refused2107.2
TOTAL2904100.0
129) Which question was asked first, UNCPOLIT or PRESREL? (FX4243) (RNDMUNC)
TOTAL%
1) UNCPOLIT149451.4
2) PRESREL141248.6
TOTAL2906100.0
130) How do you feel about this statement: It makes me uncomfortable when politicians talk about how religious they are. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with it? (Q42) (UNCPOLIT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree47416.3
2) Mostly agree84529.1
3) Mostly disagree84929.2
4) Completely disagree61621.2
9) Don't know/Refused1224.2
TOTAL2906100.0
131) How do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that a president have strong religious beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with it? (Q43) (PRESREL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree92131.7
2) Mostly agree116140
3) Mostly disagree42614.7
4) Completely disagree31110.7
9) Don't know/Refused873
TOTAL2906100.0
132) Which question was asked first, DEMSREL or REPSREL? (XRQ44_1) (RDMPRTY1)
TOTAL%
1) DEMSREL141848.8
2) REPSREL148751.2
TOTAL2905100.0
133) Which question was read second, DEMSREL or REPSREL? (XRQ44_2) (RDMPRTY2)
TOTAL%
1) DEMSREL148751.2
2) REPSREL141848.8
TOTAL2905100.0
134) Do you feel that the Democratic Party is generally friendly toward religion, neutral toward religion, or unfriendly toward religion? (Q44A) (DEMSREL)
TOTAL%
1) Friendly109337.6
2) Neutral108937.5
3) Unfriendly43114.8
9) Don't know/Refused29210.1
TOTAL2905100.0
135) Do you feel that the Republican Party is generally friendly toward religion, neutral toward religion, or unfriendly toward religion? (Q44B) (REPSREL)
TOTAL%
1) Friendly152352.4
2) Neutral82928.5
3) Unfriendly2639.1
9) Don't know/Refused29010
TOTAL2905100.0
136) Which question was asked first, CNTRLREP or CNTRLDEM? (XRQ45_1) (RDMCTRL1)
TOTAL%
1) CNTRLREP144649.8
2) CNTRLDEM145950.2
TOTAL2905100.0
137) Which question was asked second, CNTRLREP or CNTRLDEM? (XRQ45_2) (RDMCTRL2)
TOTAL%
1) CNTRLREP145950.2
2) CNTRLDEM144649.8
TOTAL2905100.0
138) [Consider the following statement:] Religious conservatives have too much control over the Republican Party. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with this statement? (Q45A) (CNTRLREP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree48316.6
2) Mostly agree91531.5
3) Mostly disagree89030.6
4) Completely disagree31210.7
9) Don't know/Refused30610.5
TOTAL2906100.0
139) [Consider the following statement:] Liberals who are not religious have too much control over the Democratic Party. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with this statement? (Q45B) (CNTRLDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree41014.1
2) Mostly agree84028.9
3) Mostly disagree93132
4) Completely disagree36912.7
9) Don't know/Refused35512.2
TOTAL2905100.0
140) What is your present religion, if any? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (See Note 6 on ARDA Summary Page for description)125043
2) Roman Catholic (Catholic)73225.2
3) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/LDS)441.5
4) Orthodox (Greek, Russian or some other orthodox church)13.4
5) Jewish (Judaism)441.5
6) Muslim (Islam)21.7
7) Buddhist15.5
8) Hindu9.3
9) Atheist (do not believe in God)511.8
10) Agnostic (not sure if there is a God)561.9
11) Something else (SPECIFY)401.4
12) Nothing in particular2759.5
13) Christian2639.1
14) Unitarian (Universalist)11.4
99) Don't know/Refused812.8
TOTAL2905100.0
141) If RELIG = 11: What is your present religion, if any? (Verbatim response given) (RELIG@)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
142) If RELIG = 99, or RELIG = 11 and RELIG@ = not a non-Christian religion: Do you think of yourself as Christian or not? (CHR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5344.2
2) No4436.7
9) Don't know/Refused2319.2
Missing2785 
TOTAL120100.0
143) If RELIG = 1-4 or 13, or CHR = 1: Would you describe yourself as a "born again" or evangelical Christian or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes103944.1
2) No121051.4
9) Don't know/Refused984.2
85) Undesignated8.3
Missing550 
TOTAL2355100.0
144) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services . . . more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week38613.3
2) Once a week76026.2
3) Once or twice a month47216.2
4) A few times a year53218.3
5) Seldom42714.7
6) Never29710.2
9) Don't know/Refused311.1
TOTAL2905100.0
145) How important is religion in your life -- very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q50) (RELIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Very important169458.3
2) Somewhat important77926.8
3) Not too important2137.3
4) Not at all important1896.5
9) Don't know/Refused301
TOTAL2905100.0
146) If RELIG = 1-8, 11, or 13-14; or CHR = 1: Tell me whether the first or second statement comes closer to your views even if neither is exactly right. (Q54) (MANYRELS)
TOTAL%
1) My religion is the one, true faith leading to eternal life71929
2) Many religions can lead to eternal life161765.2
3) Neither/Both equally853.4
9) Don't know/Refused602.4
Missing424 
TOTAL2481100.0
147) And when you think of your religion as the one true faith, do you think of . . . ? (Q54A) (ONEFAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Just your own denomination411.4
2) All Protestant denominations1337.1
3) All Christian denominations1234.3
9) Don't know/Refused617.1
Missing2869 
TOTAL35100.0
148) Of the following questions, which question was read first? (XRQ55_1) (RDMLIFE1)
TOTAL%
1) PROTLIFE33320.6
2) CATHLIFE33420.6
3) JEWLIFE32219.9
4) MUSLIFE29618.3
5) HINDLIFE33520.7
Missing1286 
TOTAL1620100.0
149) Of the following questions, which question was read second? (XRQ55_2) (RDMLIFE2)
TOTAL%
1) PROTLIFE29418.2
2) CATHLIFE32019.8
3) JEWLIFE32420
4) MUSLIFE34921.6
5) HINDLIFE33220.5
Missing1286 
TOTAL1619100.0
150) Of the following questions, which question was read third? (XRQ55_3) (RDMLIFE3)
TOTAL%
1) PROTLIFE31919.7
2) CATHLIFE30518.8
3) JEWLIFE34721.4
4) MUSLIFE32920.3
5) HINDLIFE32019.8
Missing1286 
TOTAL1620100.0
151) Of the following questions, which question was read fourth? (XRQ55_4) (RDMLIFE4)
TOTAL%
1) PROTLIFE34921.6
2) CATHLIFE33720.8
3) JEWLIFE30418.8
4) MUSLIFE32019.8
5) HINDLIFE30819
Missing1286 
TOTAL1618100.0
152) Of the following questions, which question was read fifth? (XRQ55_5) (RDMLIFE5)
TOTAL%
1) PROTLIFE32420
2) CATHLIFE32320
3) JEWLIFE32219.9
4) MUSLIFE32520.1
5) HINDLIFE32420
Missing1286 
TOTAL1618100.0
153) If R does not identify as Protestant or Christian on RELIG: Do you think that Protestant faiths can lead to eternal life, or not? (Q55A) (PROTLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, can lead to eternal life53573.7
2) No, cannot lead to eternal life9513.1
9) Don't know/Refused9613.2
Missing2179 
TOTAL726100.0
154) If R does not identify as Catholic on RELIG: Do you think that Catholicism, the Catholic religion can lead to eternal life, or not? (Q55C) (CATHLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, can lead to eternal life76872.7
2) No, cannot lead to eternal life15314.5
9) Don't know/Refused13612.9
Missing1849 
TOTAL1057100.0
155) If R does not identify as Jewish on RELIG: Do you think that the Jewish religion can lead to eternal life, or not? (Q55D) (JEWLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, can lead to eternal life109469
2) No, cannot lead to eternal life26516.7
9) Don't know/Refused22714.3
Missing1320 
TOTAL1586100.0
156) If R does not identify as Muslim on RELIG: Do you think that Islam, the Muslim religion can lead to eternal life, or not? (Q55F) (MUSLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, can lead to eternal life83452
2) No, cannot lead to eternal life46929.3
9) Don't know/Refused30018.7
Missing1302 
TOTAL1603100.0
157) If R does not identify as Hindu on RELIG: Do you think that Hinduism can lead to eternal life, or not? (Q55F) (HINDLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, can lead to eternal life84252.4
2) No, cannot lead to eternal life39224.4
9) Don't know/Refused37423.3
Missing1297 
TOTAL1608100.0
158) If MANYRELS = 2: Do you think that atheists can achieve eternal life, or not? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q55F1) (ATHLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, they can33641.5
2) No, they cannot37546.4
9) Don't know/Refused9812.1
Missing2096 
TOTAL809100.0
159) If MANYRELS = 2: Do you think that people who have no religious faith can achieve eternal life, or not? (Question asked on Form 2 only) (Q55HF2) (NONELIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, they can45556.4
2) No, they cannot25031
9) Don't know/Refused10212.6
Missing2097 
TOTAL807100.0
160) And just in your own words, what do you think determines whether a person will achieve eternal life? (Question asked on Form 1 only) (Q56F1OE) (DETLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given (up to three responses recorded)121784.5
2) Don't believe in eternal life745.1
9) Don't know/Refused14910.3
Missing1465 
TOTAL1440100.0
161) And just in your own words, what do you think determines whether a person will achieve eternal life? (Verbatim responses given) (Q56F1@) (DETLIFE1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
162) Recode of responses to DETLIFE1 collapsed into common themes (Q56REC) (DETLIFE2)
TOTAL%
10) ACTIONS - being a good person/living a good life/doing good works/morals/moral values/how you live your life23516.3
11) ACTIONS - behaving like Jesus/living a good Christian life9.6
12) ACTIONS - following Ten Commandments7.5
13) ACTIONS - treating others nicely/as you'd like to be treated433
14) ACTIONS - living life in accordance with one's own principles/being true to oneself8.6
15) ACTIONS - living life in accordance with God's commands/in accordance with God's will/in accordance with the Bible201.4
18) ACTIONS - generic actions/other actions191.3
19) ACTIONS - combination of actions704.9
30) BELIEF - in God, generic/higher power/relationship with God1047.2
31) BELIEF - in Jesus/the Lord/relationship with Jesus/accepting Jesus/Jesus' mercy/being born again/being saved24416.9
32) BELIEF - in the Bible2.1
38) BELIEF - having faith/generic beliefs (including "truth as one defines it")/other beliefs815.6
39) BELIEF - combination of beliefs6.4
41) COMBINATION BELIEFS AND ACTIONS - belief in God (generic)/God's mercy AND actions503.5
42) COMBINATION BELIEFS AND ACTIONS - belief in Jesus/the Lord/Jesus' mercy AND actions433
43) COMBINATION BELIEFS AND ACTIONS - belief in Bible AND actions1.1
44) COMBINATION BELIEFS AND ACTIONS - faithfulness to belief (generic)/one's own beliefs AND actions473.3
61) OTHER - Karma4.3
62) OTHER - Intentions (e.g., having a good heart)/combination of intentions and actions or beliefs11.8
63) OTHER - It's up to God/God's mercy/God's grace141
64) OTHER - All others866
95) Everyone/nearly everyone achieves eternal life322.2
96) Nothing determines eternal life/achievement or failure to achieve is inevitable6.4
98) Don't believe in eternal life1047.2
99) Don't know/Refused19613.6
Missing1465 
TOTAL1442100.0
163) Which comes closest to your view? (See Note 7: HOLYBOOK/LITERAL Notes for details on how question wording changed depending on respondent) (Q58) (HOLYBOOK)
TOTAL%
1) [Holy book] is the word of God190865.7
2) [Holy book] is a book written by men and is not the word of God74225.5
3) Other1103.8
9) Don't know/Refused1455
TOTAL2905100.0
164) If HOLYBOOK = 1: And would you say that [Holy book] is to be taken literally, word for word, [or not]? (See Note 7: HOLYBOOK/LITERAL Notes for details on how question wording changed depending on respondent) (Q59) (LITERAL)
TOTAL%
1) [Holy book] is to be taken literally, word for word97651.2
2) Not everything in [Holy book] should be taken literally85845
3) Other281.5
9) Don't know/Refused462.4
Missing997 
TOTAL1908100.0
165) What is your age? (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 18722.5
19) 19642.2
20) 20441.5
21) 21451.5
22) 22421.4
23) 23521.8
24) 24451.5
25) 25582
26) 26531.8
27) 27321.1
28) 28531.8
29) 29461.6
30) 30682.3
31) 31531.8
32) 32632.2
33) 33491.7
34) 34291
35) 35441.5
36) 36561.9
37) 37622.1
38) 38531.8
39) 39622.1
40) 40642.2
41) 41401.4
42) 42441.5
43) 43531.8
44) 44642.2
45) 45541.9
46) 46421.4
47) 47501.7
48) 48561.9
49) 49501.7
50) 50692.4
51) 51511.8
52) 52632.2
53) 53622.1
54) 54602.1
55) 55622.1
56) 56521.8
57) 57401.4
58) 58441.5
59) 59291
60) 60511.8
61) 61441.5
62) 62341.2
63) 63401.4
64) 64281
65) 65401.4
66) 6623.8
67) 67411.4
68) 6820.7
69) 6924.8
70) 70431.5
71) 7121.7
72) 72281
73) 7326.9
74) 7415.5
75) 7520.7
76) 7625.9
77) 7724.8
78) 7810.3
79) 7917.6
80) 80281
81) 819.3
82) 8211.4
83) 837.2
84) 8412.4
85) 8512.4
86) 867.2
87) 876.2
88) 884.1
89) 893.1
90) 903.1
91) 912.1
92) 922.1
94) 942.1
96) 9600
97) 97 or older10
99) Don't know/Refused341.2
TOTAL2911100.0
166) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grades 1-8913.1
2) High school incomplete (grades 9-11)32911.3
3) High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate)101434.9
4) Business, technical or vocational school AFTER high school722.5
5) Some college, no four-year degree60120.7
6) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other four-year degree)47016.2
7) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college30110.4
9) Don't know/Refused26.9
TOTAL2904100.0
167) Are you, yourself, Hispanic or Latino origin or descent, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban or some other Spanish background? (HISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37312.8
2) No250686.3
9) Don't know/Refused26.9
TOTAL2905100.0
168) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (First response given) (RACE_1) (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White218975.4
2) Black or African-American34812
3) Asian or Asian-American572
4) Some other race2779.5
9) Don't know/Refused341.2
TOTAL2905100.0
169) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (Second response given) (RACE_2) (RACE2)
TOTAL%
1) White513.2
2) Black or African-American410.5
3) Asian or Asian-American25.3
4) Some other race2771.1
Missing2866 
TOTAL38100.0
170) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (Third response given) (RACE_3) (RACE3)
TOTAL%
3) Asian or Asian-American133.3
4) Some other race266.7
Missing2903 
TOTAL3100.0
171) Which of the following describes your race? Choose as many as apply. (Fourth response given) (RACE_4) (RACE4)
TOTAL%
3) Asian or Asian-American1100
Missing2905 
TOTAL1100.0
172) Combining race (Those giving more than one race were coded as Mixed race) (RACECOMB) (RACECMB)
TOTAL%
1) White178661.5
2) Black or African-American100834.7
3) Asian or Asian-American00
4) Mixed race00
5) Some other race00
9) Don't know/Refused1123.9
TOTAL2906100.0
173) Are you currently married, living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed or never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married94032.4
2) Living with a partner177961.2
3) Divorced00
4) Separated00
5) Widowed00
6) Never been married00
9) Don't know/Refused1866.4
TOTAL2905100.0
174) Last year, that is in 2007, what was your total family income from sources, before taxes? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000196367.5
2) $10,000 to under $20,00081928.2
3) $20,000 to under $30,00000
4) $30,000 to under $40,00000
5) $40,000 to under $50,00000
6) $50,000 to under $75,00000
7) $75,000 to under $100,00000
8) $100,000 to under $150,00000
9) $150,000 or more1244.3
10) Don't know/Refused00
TOTAL2906100.0
175) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or Independent? (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican24316.9
2) Democrat45631.6
3) Independent42129.2
4) No preference20013.9
5) Other916.3
9) Don't know/Refused302.1
Missing1465 
TOTAL1441100.0
176) If PARTY = 3-5 or 9: As of today do you lean more to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? (PARTYLN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican149451.4
2) Democrat141248.6
9) Other/Don't know/Refused00
TOTAL2906100.0
177) In general, would you describe your political views as very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (IDEO)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative169458.3
2) Conservative77926.8
3) Moderate2137.3
4) Liberal1896.5
5) Very liberal00
9) Don't know/Refused301
TOTAL2905100.0
178) In the 2004 presidential election between George W. Bush and John Kerry, did things come up that kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? (PVOTE04A)
TOTAL%
1) Voted198668.4
2) Did not vote (includes too young to vote)84929.2
8) Don't remember if voted291
9) Refused401.4
TOTAL2904100.0
179) Do you own your home, rent your home, or do you have some other type of arrangement? (OWNRENT1)
TOTAL%
1) Own178861.5
2) Rent78627.1
3) Other arrangement2779.5
9) Don't know/Refused541.9
TOTAL2905100.0
180) If STYPE = 1: Do you have a working cell phone? (L1) (CELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, have cell phone150174.2
2) No, do not50324.9
9) Don't know/Refused19.9
Missing882 
TOTAL2023100.0
181) If CELL = 1: Of all the telephone calls you receive, do you get . . . ? (CALLS)
TOTAL%
1) All or almost all calls on a cell phone40026.6
2) Some on a cell phone and some on a regular home phone62841.8
3) Very few or none on a cell phone46130.7
9) Don't know/Refused13.9
Missing1404 
TOTAL1502100.0
182) We just reached you at a phone number with area code (area). Does your cell phone have the same area code, or not? (L5) (CELLCODE)
TOTAL%
1) Same area code116577.6
2) Not the same (Specify)30220.1
9) Don't know/Refused342.3
Missing1404 
TOTAL1501100.0
183) If CELLCODE = 2: What is the area code on your cell phone? (L5@) (CELLCOD@)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL0
184) If STYPE = 2: Is there at least one telephone INSIDE your home that is currently working and is not a cell phone? (C1) (TELLHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, home telephone40145.5
2) No home telephone45751.8
9) Don't know/Refused242.7
Missing2023 
TOTAL882100.0
185) If TELLHOME = 1: Of all the telephone calls you receive, do you get . . .? (C2) (CALLS2)
TOTAL%
1) All or almost all calls on a cell phone20952.3
2) Some on a cell phone and some on a regular home phone15137.8
3) Very few or none on a cell phone4010
9) Don't know/Refused00
Missing2504 
TOTAL400100.0
186) What is your zip code? [Note: a value of 99999 represents a response of "don't know" or "refused"] (FZIP) (ZIPCODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL290551942.9230279.77
187) If STYPE = 2: Respondent agreed to provide full name and mailing address to be sent $10 for their time (MONEY10)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54482.8
2) No11317.2
Missing2248 
TOTAL657100.0
188) If MONEY10 = 1: Interviewer received full name and address asked for (FULLADRA) (FULLADD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53197.6
2) No132.4
Missing2361 
TOTAL544100.0
189) If STYPE = 2: Respondent agreed to provide full name and mailing address to be sent $5 for their time (MONEY5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16673.8
2) No5926.2
Missing2680 
TOTAL225100.0
190) If MONEY5 = 1: Interviewer received full name and address asked for (FULLADRB) (FULLADD2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16297.6
2) No42.4
Missing2739 
TOTAL166100.0
191) Gender of interviewer (ISEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male159654.9
2) Female130945.1
TOTAL2905100.0
192) (Answered by interviewer about themselves) Are you of Hispanic or Latino origin or descent, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban or some other Spanish background? (IHISP1) (IHISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31610.9
2) No254587.6
9) Don't know/Refused441.5
TOTAL2905100.0
193) (Answered by interviewer about themselves) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (First response given) (IRACE1_1) (IRACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White175960.6
2) Black or African-American76726.4
3) Asian or Asian-American9.3
4) Some other race32311.1
9) Don't know/Refused471.6
TOTAL2905100.0
194) (Answered by interviewer about themselves) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (Second response given) (IRACE1_2) (IRACE2)
TOTAL%
2) Black or African-American6742.9
3) Asian or Asian-American31.9
4) Some other race8655.1
Missing2749 
TOTAL156100.0
195) (Answered by interviewer about themselves) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (Third response given) (IRACE1_3) (IRACE3)
TOTAL%
3) Asian or Asian-American637.5
4) Some other race1062.5
Missing2889 
TOTAL16100.0
196) (Answered by interviewer about themselves) Which of the following describes your race? You can select as many as apply. (Fourth response given) (IRACE1_4) (IRACE4)
TOTAL%
4) Some other race6100
Missing2899 
TOTAL6100.0
197) Language of interview (ILANG)
TOTAL%
1) English277195.4
2) Spanish1354.6
TOTAL2906100.0
198) Date of interview (FDATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL290580801.2717.59
199) Day of week of interview (FDOW)
TOTAL%
1) Sunday49817.1
2) Monday2679.2
3) Tuesday38713.3
4) Wednesday2217.6
5) Thursday44115.2
6) Friday55619.1
7) Saturday53618.4
TOTAL2906100.0
200) Telephone usage (PHONEUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Landline only52117.9
2) Dual192766.3
3) Cell phone only45715.7
TOTAL2905100.0
201) Respondent uses cell phone only (CELLONLY)
TOTAL%
0) Not cell phone only244884.3
1) Cell phone only45715.7
TOTAL2905100.0
202) Sample weight for the landline RDD sample only, excludes cases from cell phone RDD sample (LLWEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL29053.572.07
203) Weight for the landline RDD sample and the cell-only cases, excludes cases from cell phone RDD sample that report having a landline phone (COWEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL29053.081.43
204) Weight for the combined sample of all landline and cell phone interviews (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10.573
205) What is your age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2960421
2) 30-4480428
3) 45-5978327.3
4) 60-7447716.6
5) 75+2037.1
Missing34 
TOTAL2871100.0
206) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services . . . more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week38613.4
2) Once a week76026.4
3) Once or twice a month47216.4
4) A few times a year53218.5
5) Seldom42714.9
6) Never29710.3
Missing31 
TOTAL2874100.0
207) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school diploma42114.6
2) High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate)101435.2
3) Business, technical or vocational school AFTER high school722.5
4) Some college, no four-year degree60120.9
5) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other four-year degree)47016.3
6) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college30110.5
Missing26 
TOTAL2879100.0
208) Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male140648.4
2) Female149951.6
TOTAL2905100.0
209) Last year, that is in 2007, what was your total family income from sources, before taxes? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $20,00054921.2
2) $20,000 to under $30,00033412.9
3) $30,000 to under $50,00052820.4
4) $50,000 to under $75,00044917.3
5) $75,000 to under $100,00030811.9
6) $100,000 or more42216.3
Missing315 
TOTAL2590100.0
210) Are you currently married, living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed or never been married? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married146651.1
2) Living with a partner2067.2
3) Divorced29010.1
4) Separated973.4
5) Widowed2157.5
6) Never been married59420.7
Missing37 
TOTAL2868100.0
211) In general, would you describe your political views as very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative121243.7
2) Moderate99335.8
3) Liberal57120.6
Missing130 
TOTAL2776100.0