Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Codebook


Percentages are weighted by 114) WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted
1) Respondent ID (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL200213743.5212005.09
2) FIPS Codes (FIPS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL200228413.4115984.17
3) Form Type (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1 50
2) Form 2 50
TOTAL2002100.0
4) All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today? (SATCNTRY)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied 50
2) Dissatisfied 39.6
9) Don't know/Refused 10.4
TOTAL2002100.0
5) Do you think people in general today lead as good lives - honest and moral - as they used to? (GOODLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 21.1
2) No 73
9) Undecided 5.9
TOTAL2002100.0
6) Do you think that young people today have as strong a sense of right and wrong as they did, say, 50 years ago? (RGHTWRNG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 18.8
2) No 76.1
9) Undecided 5.1
TOTAL2002100.0
7) I'd like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The first one is: the death penalty for persons convicted of murder. (OPMURDER)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 32.8
2) Favor 34.1
3) Oppose 16.4
4) Strongly oppose 9.2
9) Don't know/Refused 7.4
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
8) I'd like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The first one is: the death penalty for persons convicted of terrorism. (OPTERISM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 48
2) Favor 28.2
3) Oppose 11.7
4) Strongly oppose 6.1
9) Don't know/Refused 6
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
9) I'd like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The first one is: providing more generous government assistance to the poor. (OPPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 24.4
2) Favor 43.4
3) Oppose 21.6
4) Strongly oppose 5.3
9) Don't know/Refused 5.3
TOTAL2002100.0
10) I'd like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The first one is: allowing churches and other houses of worship to apply, along with other organizations, for government funding to provide social services such as job training or drug-treatment counseling to people who need them. (OPCHURCH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 26
2) Favor 44.2
3) Oppose 18.2
4) Strongly oppose 8.5
9) Don't know/Refused 3.1
TOTAL2002100.0
11) Would you favor or oppose requiring all young men to give one year of service to the nation - either in the military forces, or in non-military work here or abroad, such as the Peace Corps, AmeriCorps, or in a local community or city service program? (SRVMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 57.2
2) Oppose 38.6
9) No opinion 4.2
TOTAL2002100.0
12) Would you favor or oppose requiring all young women to give one year of service to the nation - either in the military forces, or in non-military work here or abroad, such as the Peace Corps, AmeriCorps, or in a local community or city service program? (SRVWOMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 43.7
2) Oppose 50.7
9) No opinion 5.6
TOTAL2002100.0
13) In your view, should the government start up programs that encourage people to get and stay married, or should the government stay out of this? (GOVMARRY)
TOTAL%
1) The government should start up programs that encourage marriage. 17.5
2) The government should stay out. 79.5
9) Don't know/Refused 3.1
TOTAL2002100.0
14) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) Do you think the United States has a moral responsibility to come to the aid of Afghanistan to help it recover from the war, or doesn't the United States have a moral responsibility to do this? (MORALAFG)
TOTAL%
1) U.S. has a moral responsibility. 49.6
2) No responsibility 39.4
9) Don't know/Refused 11.1
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
15) Do you think the United States should come to the aid of Afghanistan to help it recover from the war, or should the United States not get involved? (USAIDAFG)
TOTAL%
1) U.S. should come to the aid of Afghanistan. 48.9
2) U.S. should not get involved. 43.4
9) Don't know/Refused 7.7
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
16) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with the following statement: People should do much more than they do now to help others who are in need, even if it costs them their own time and money. (AGHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 31.1
2) Mostly agree 48.3
3) Mostly disagree 13.8
4) Completely disagree 4
9) Don't know/Refused 2.8
TOTAL2002100.0
17) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with the following statement: The government should help more needy people, even if it means cuts in other programs. (AGGOVPRG)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 17.3
2) Mostly agree 40.1
3) Mostly disagree 28.7
4) Completely disagree 7.9
9) Don't know/Refused 6
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
18) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with the following statement: The government should help more needy people, even if it means holding back on future tax cuts. (AGTAXCUT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.8
2) Mostly agree 41.1
3) Mostly disagree 19.1
4) Completely disagree 9.5
9) Don't know/Refused 5.6
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
19) At the present time, do you think religion as a whole is increasing its influence on American life or losing its influence? (INCRLUS)
TOTAL%
1) Increasing 36.6
2) Losing 52.1
3) Staying the same 3.5
9) No opinion 7.7
TOTAL2002100.0
20) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY THOUGHT RELIGION AS A WHOLE WAS INCREASING OR LOSING ITS INFLUENCE ON AMERICAN LIFE) All in all, do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing? (INCRLBAD)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing 40.9
2) Bad thing 53.2
3) Both .9
4) Neither 1.9
5) Depends 1.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2
Missing222 
TOTAL1780100.0
21) At the present time, do you think religion as a whole is increasing its influence in the world or losing its influence? (WRLDREL)
TOTAL%
1) Increasing 38.1
2) Losing 49.8
3) Staying the same 3.1
9) No opinion 9
TOTAL2002100.0
22) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY THOUGHT RELIGION AS A WHOLE WAS INCREASING OR LOSING ITS INFLUENCE ON THE WORLD) All in all, do you think this is a good thing or a bad thing? (WRLDBAD)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing 36.5
2) Bad thing 55.9
3) Both 1.3
4) Neither 2
5) Depends 2.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2.1
Missing251 
TOTAL1751100.0
23) I'd like your views on some groups and organizations. What is your overall opinion of: the Christian conservative movement? (GRPCCM)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 9.8
2) Mostly favorable 34.6
3) Mostly unfavorable 18.1
4) Very unfavorable 10.8
5) Never heard of 11.9
8) Can't rate 13.3
9) Refused 1.5
TOTAL2002100.0
24) I'd like your views on some groups and organizations. What is your overall opinion of: business corporations? (GRPBSNSS)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 9.6
2) Mostly favorable 51.8
3) Mostly unfavorable 23.1
4) Very unfavorable 6
5) Never heard of .9
8) Can't rate 7
9) Refused 1.5
TOTAL2002100.0
25) I'd like your views on some groups and organizations. What is your overall opinion of: labor unions? (GRPUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 14.9
2) Mostly favorable 43.7
3) Mostly unfavorable 23.5
4) Very unfavorable 8.9
5) Never heard of 1.3
8) Can't rate 6.8
9) Refused .8
TOTAL2002100.0
26) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Catholics? (GRPCATH)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 19.4
2) Mostly favorable 54.8
3) Mostly unfavorable 9.1
4) Very unfavorable 3.6
5) Never heard of .2
8) Can't rate 10.8
9) Refused 2.1
TOTAL2002100.0
27) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Jews? (GRPJEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 17.5
2) Mostly favorable 55.9
3) Mostly unfavorable 7
4) Very unfavorable 2.3
5) Never heard of .3
8) Can't rate 14.1
9) Refused 2.8
TOTAL2002100.0
28) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Evangelical Christians? (GRPEVANG)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 13.2
2) Mostly favorable 42.4
3) Mostly unfavorable 13
4) Very unfavorable 5
5) Never heard of 7.1
8) Can't rate 16.8
9) Refused 2.5
TOTAL2002100.0
29) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Protestants? (GRPPROT)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 19.4
2) Mostly favorable 54.3
3) Mostly unfavorable 6
4) Very unfavorable 2
5) Never heard of 1.4
8) Can't rate 14.4
9) Refused 2.4
TOTAL2002100.0
30) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Muslim Americans? (GRPMUSAM)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 8.2
2) Mostly favorable 46.4
3) Mostly unfavorable 14.4
4) Very unfavorable 7.8
5) Never heard of 1.5
8) Can't rate 18.6
9) Refused 3.2
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
31) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Muslims? (GRPMUSLM)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 6.8
2) Mostly favorable 40.1
3) Mostly unfavorable 18.1
4) Very unfavorable 10.5
5) Never heard of .9
8) Can't rate 20.3
9) Refused 3.2
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
32) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: Atheists, that is, people who don't believe in God? (GRPATHST)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 4.7
2) Mostly favorable 29.2
3) Mostly unfavorable 22.8
4) Very unfavorable 31.6
5) Never heard of .2
8) Can't rate 9.8
9) Refused 1.7
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
33) Thinking about specific religious groups, what is your overall opinion of: people who are not religious? (GRPNOREL)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable 9.1
2) Mostly favorable 41.9
3) Mostly unfavorable 18.5
4) Very unfavorable 11
5) Never heard of .2
8) Can't rate 14.9
9) Refused 4.4
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
34) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1). Since September 11th, has there been too much, too little or the right amount of expressions of religious faith and prayer by political leaders? (LDRS911)
TOTAL%
1) Too much 16.1
2) Too little 23.6
3) Right amount 53
9) Don't know/Refused 7.3
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
35) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2). Since September 11th, has there been too much, too little, or the right amount of showing of the American flag? (FLAG911)
TOTAL%
1) Too much 15.8
2) Too little 16.3
3) Right amount 65.4
9) Don't know/Refused 2.5
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
36) What is your religious preference? Do you consider yourself Christian, Jewish, Muslim, other non-Christian such as Buddhist or Hindu, atheist, agnostic, something else, or don't you have a religious preference? (RELPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Christian 80.4
2) Jewish 1.3
3) Muslim .3
4) Other non-Christian .7
5) Atheist 1.1
6) Agnostic 2
7) Something else (specify) 3.7
8) No preference 9.4
9) Don't know/Refused 1.2
TOTAL2002100.0
37) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY WERE 'CHRISTIAN' WHEN ASKED ABOUT RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE) Are you Protestant, Catholic, Mormon, Orthodox such as Greek or Russian Orthodox, or something else? (RELCRSTN)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant 56.9
2) Catholic 29.7
3) Mormon 1.9
4) Orthodox .3
5) Something else (specify) 9.2
9) Don't know/Refused 2.1
Missing385 
TOTAL1617100.0
38) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY WERE 'CHRISTIAN' OR 'SOMETHING ELSE' WHEN ASKED ABOUT RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE) Would you describe yourself as a 'born again' or evangelical Christian, or not? (RELBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would 42.2
2) No, would not 52.3
9) Don't know/Refused 5.5
Missing315 
TOTAL1687100.0
39) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services? (OFTATTND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 15
2) Once a week 24.8
3) Once or twice a month 16.6
4) A few times a year 18.4
5) Seldom 15.5
6) Never 9
9) Don't know/Refused .8
TOTAL2002100.0
40) How important would you say religion is in your own life - very important, fairly important, or not very important? (IMPTREL)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 63
2) Fairly important 23.9
3) Not very important 12.1
9) Don't know/Refused 1
TOTAL2002100.0
41) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY ATTEND CHURCH AT LEAST A FEW TIMES A YEAR) Aside from attending religious services, how involved are you in activities at your church or house of worship?/D (OFTINVLV)
TOTAL%
1) Very involved 21.6
2) Somewhat involved 31.3
3) Not too involved 28.2
4) Not at all involved 18.5
9) Don't know/Refused .4
Missing479 
TOTAL1523100.0
42) People practice their religion in different ways. Outside of attending religious services, do you pray several times a day, once a day, a few times a week, once a week or less, or never? (PRAYOFT)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day 34.9
2) Once a day 23.7
3) A few times a week 15
4) Once a week or less 16
5) Never 8.6
9) Don't know/Refused 1.9
TOTAL2002100.0
43) During political elections, should churches and other houses of worship come out in favor of one candidate over another, or shouldn't they do this? (CHRCHPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Should come out in favor of candidates 22.4
2) Should not come out in favor of candidates 70.1
9) No opinion 7.6
TOTAL2002100.0
44) Do you consider the United States a Christian nation, or not? (USCHRSTN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 67.3
2) No 25
5) Never 0
9) Don't know/Refused 7.7
TOTAL2002100.0
45) How much would you say you know about the Muslim religion and its practices? (KNOWMUS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal 5.4
2) Some 28.9
3) Not very much 36.8
4) Nothing at all 28.3
9) Don't know/Refused .5
TOTAL2002100.0
46) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1, AND OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY HAVE A DIFFERENT RELIGION THAN ISLAM) From what you know, do you think that the Muslim religion and your own religion have a lot in common, or do you think that the Muslim religion and your religion are very different? (DIFFMUS)
TOTAL%
1) A lot in common 27.5
2) Very different 57
9) Don't know/Refused 15.5
Missing1083 
TOTAL919100.0
47) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) Would you say you have a generally favorable or unfavorable opinion of Islam? (FAVISLAM)
TOTAL%
1) Favorable 37.6
2) Unfavorable 33
9) No opinion 29.4
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
48) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) What's your impression- how many Muslims around the world are anti-American? (ANTIINWD)
TOTAL%
1) Almost all 5.6
2) Most 11.8
3) About half 18
4) Some 24
5) Just a few 21
9) Don't know/Refused 19.6
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
49) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) What's your impression - how many Muslims in this country are anti-American? (ANTIINUS)
TOTAL%
1) Almost all 3.7
2) Most 5.3
3) About half 10.6
4) Some 22.6
5) Just a few 39.2
9) Don't know/Refused 18.5
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
50) Do you happen to know what name Muslims use to refer to God? (Allah) (MUSLMGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Correct answer 47
2) Incorrect answer 11.2
9) Don't know/Refused 41.8
TOTAL2002100.0
51) Do you happen to know the name of the Islamic equivalent to the Bible? (Koran) (MUSLMBBL)
TOTAL%
1) Correct answer 42.9
2) Incorrect answer 8.2
9) Don't know/Refused 48.9
TOTAL2002100.0
52) Some people think that the United States has had special protection from God for most of its history. Other people think the United States has had no special protection from God. Which comes closer to your view? (VWUSPROT)
TOTAL%
1) The U.S. has had special protection from God 48.3
2) The U.S. has not had special protection from God 39.6
9) Don't know/Refused 12.2
TOTAL2002100.0
53) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY THOUGHT THE U.S. HAS HAD SPECIAL PROTECTION FROM GOD) Do other nations have special protection from God in the same way, or not? (OTHRPROT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, other nations receive special protection from God. 76
2) No 14.8
9) Don't know/Refused 9.2
Missing1051 
TOTAL951100.0
54) Some people think the terrorist attacks on the United States were a signal that God is no longer protecting the United States as much as in the past. Do you think this is true, or not? (ATCKGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, attacks were a signal 5.5
2) No 90.6
9) Don't know/Refused 3.9
TOTAL2002100.0
55) As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. My religion is the one, true faith leading to eternal life, or B. Many religions can lead to eternal life (PRRELONE)
TOTAL%
1) My religion is the one, true faith leading to eternal life. 18.4
2) Many religions can lead to eternal life. 75
3) Neither 2.5
9) Don't know 4.1
TOTAL2002100.0
56) As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. Children are more likely to grow up to be moral adults when they are raised in a religious faith, or B. Children are just as likely to grow up to be moral adults whether or not they are raised in a religious faith. (PRMORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Children are more likely to grow up to be moral adults when they are raised in a religious faith. 60.6
2) Children are just as likely to grow up to be moral adults whether or not they are raised in a religious faith. 35.5
3) Neither 1.5
9) Don't know 2.3
TOTAL2002100.0
57) As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values, or B. It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. (PRVALUES)
TOTAL%
1) It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 49.9
2) It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. 46.8
3) Neither 1.2
9) Don't know 2.1
TOTAL2002100.0
58) As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. The strength of American society is based on the religious faith of its people, or B. Our society would be strong even if most Americans did not have a religious faith. (PRSOCITY)
TOTAL%
1) The strength of American society is based on the religious faith of its people. 58.1
2) Our society would be strong even if most Americans did not have a religious faith. 36.2
3) Neither 1.4
9) Don't know 4.2
TOTAL2002100.0
59) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. Some religions are more likely than others to encourage violence among believers, or B. Religions are all about the same in this regard. (PRVIOLNC)
TOTAL%
1) Some religions are more likely than others to encourage violence among believers. 46.8
2) Religions are all about the same in this regard. 41.1
3) Neither 4.3
9) Don't know 7.8
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
60) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) As you read the following pair, please indicate whether the first statement or the second statement comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right: A. The Islamic religion is more likely than others to encourage violence among its believers, or B. The Islamic religion does not encourage violence more than others. (PRISLAM)
TOTAL%
1) The Islamic religion is more likely than others to encourage violence among its believers. 25
2) The Islamic religion does not encourage violence more than others. 51
3) Neither 2.7
9) Don't know 21.3
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
61) In your view, which is the bigger lesson to be taken from the September 11 terrorist attacks? (LESS911)
TOTAL%
1) Religion has too much influence in the world these days. 27.7
2) Religion has too little influence in the world these days. 51.1
3) Both 1.9
4) Neither 10.8
9) Don't know/Refused 8.4
TOTAL2002100.0
62) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) All in all, do you think a person can be a good American if he or she does not have religious faith? (NORELAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 83.9
2) No 13.2
9) Don't know/Refused 2.9
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
63) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) All in all, do you think a person can be a good American if he or she does not believe in basic Judeo-Christian values? (AMCHRSTN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 80.2
2) No 13.8
9) Don't know/Refused 6.1
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
64) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) Generally, how would you rate the honesty and ethical standards of public officials in Washington these days? Would you give them a very high rating, a high rating, a low rating, or a very low rating for honesty and ethical standards? (ETHPUBOF)
TOTAL%
1) Very high 2.5
2) High 31.3
3) Low 43.1
4) Very low 17.1
9) Don't know 6
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
65) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) Generally, how would you rate the honesty and ethical standards of heads of major companies these days? Would you give them a very high rating, a high rating, a low rating, or a very low rating for honesty and ethical standards? (ETHMAJCO)
TOTAL%
1) Very high 1.2
2) High 23
3) Low 49.7
4) Very low 16.1
9) Don't know 10
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
66) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) Generally, how would you rate the honesty and ethical standards of religious leaders these days? Would you give them a very high rating, a high rating, a low rating, or a very low rating for honesty and ethical standards? (ETHRELLD)
TOTAL%
1) Very high 5
2) High 50.2
3) Low 29.5
4) Very low 6.3
9) Don't know 9
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
67) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) Generally, how would you rate the honesty and ethical standards of military leaders these days? Would you give them a very high rating, a high rating, a low rating, or a very low rating for honesty and ethical standards? (ETHMILLD)
TOTAL%
1) Very high 14.6
2) High 55.5
3) Low 16.3
4) Very low 4.5
9) Don't know 9.2
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
68) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) Generally, how would you rate the honesty and ethical standards of members of large corporations' boards of directors these days? Would you give them a very high rating, a high rating, a low rating, or a very low rating for honesty and ethical standards? (ETHBOARD)
TOTAL%
1) Very high 1.9
2) High 23.2
3) Low 46.5
4) Very low 17.5
9) Don't know 10.9
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
69) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) Generally, how would you rate the honesty and ethical standards of journalists these days? Would you give them a very high rating, a high rating, a low rating, or a very low rating for honesty and ethical standards? (ETHJRNLT)
TOTAL%
1) Very high 5.1
2) High 39.3
3) Low 37
4) Very low 10.9
9) Don't know 7.8
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
70) Just your best guess, would you say that most business executives try to obey the laws governing their profession or would you say most business executives try to find a way around the laws governing their profession? (BSNSWAY)
TOTAL%
1) Try to obey the laws 35.4
2) Try to find a way around the laws 57.7
9) Don't know/Refused 6.9
TOTAL2002100.0
71) Do you think the recent Enron case is a sign that morals in American business have been declining in the last few years, or not? (ENRON)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, major decline 37.9
2) Yes, minor decline 21.6
3) Yes, in between 2.3
4) Yes, don't know .7
5) No, not a sign that business morals are declining 28
9) Don't know/Refused 9.5
TOTAL2002100.0
72) Have you, or has your family ever received welfare benefits? [IF YES, ASK:] Are you or your family now receiving welfare benefits? (FAMWLFR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, current welfare recipient 4
2) Yes, past welfare recipient 13
3) No 82.2
9) Don't know/Refused .8
TOTAL2002100.0
73) Do you personally know someone who is now receiving welfare benefits? (WLFRNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 39.6
2) No 58.8
9) Don't know/Refused 1.6
Missing62 
TOTAL1940100.0
74) On balance, do you think the current welfare system: (CHNGWLFR)
TOTAL%
1) Changes things for the better by helping people who are unable to support themselves? 31.7
2) Changes things for the worse by making able-bodied people too dependent on government aid? 53
3) Both equally 8
9) Don't know/Refused 7.3
TOTAL2002100.0
75) In 1996, welfare reform legislation was passed that made many changes to the welfare system in America. In your view, does the current welfare system work better or worse than the system in place before 1996? (WLFR1996)
TOTAL%
1) Better 45.5
2) Worse 17.2
3) No difference 5
9) Don't know/Refused 32.3
TOTAL2002100.0
76) Some say that most poor people are poor because of society's failures. Others say that most poor people are poor because of their own individual failures. Which comes closer to your point of view? (RSNPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Society's failures 21.7
2) Individual failures 61.3
3) Both 10.4
4) Other 1.1
9) No opinion 5.4
TOTAL2002100.0
77) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 1) Which is the bigger reason for American children being raised in poverty these days? Is it because of social and economic problems or is it because of the failure of their parents as individuals? (KIDSPOV)
TOTAL%
1) Social and economic problems 31.2
2) Failure of parents as individuals 50.4
3) Both 13.8
4) Other .7
9) No opinion 3.9
Missing944 
TOTAL1058100.0
78) (ASKED ONLY ON FORM 2) Which is the bigger reason more than 10 million American children are being raised in poverty these days? Is it because of social and economic problems or is it because of the failure of their parents as individuals? (KID10MIL)
TOTAL%
1) Social and economic problems 30.7
2) Failure of parents as individuals 49
3) Both 13.3
4) Other .7
9) No opinion 6.3
Missing1058 
TOTAL944100.0
79) How much, if anything, have you heard about recent criminal trials involving Catholic priests who have been accused of child sexual abuse - a lot, a little, or nothing at all? (SEXABUSE)
TOTAL%
1) A lot 38.9
2) A little 45.7
3) Nothing at all 14.3
9) Don't know/Refused 1.1
TOTAL2002100.0
80) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT THEY HAD HEARD 'A LOT' OR 'A LITTLE' ABOUT RECENT TRIALS INVOLVING CATHOLIC PRIESTS WHO HAVE BEEN ACCUSED OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE) Based on what you have heard, how would you evaluate the Catholic Church's handling of these cases of alleged sexual abuse by priests? (SEXHANDL)
TOTAL%
1) Church leaders have mostly tried to cover up the problem. 62.4
2) Church leaders have mostly tried to deal with the problem. 26.1
3) Both 2.6
4) Neither .3
9) Don't know/Refused 8.7
Missing272 
TOTAL1730100.0
81) Do you favor or oppose scientific experimentation on the cloning of human beings? (CLONING)
TOTAL%
1) Favor 17
2) Oppose 76.5
9) Don't know/Refused 6.5
TOTAL2002100.0
82) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO OPPOSE SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTATION ON THE CLONING OF HUMAN BEINGS) Is your objection to research on human cloning based more on: (OBCLNING)
TOTAL%
1) The belief that the science is not yet safe enough but could be in the future. 18.8
2) The belief that it is morally wrong. 71.6
3) Both equally 5.8
4) Other 2.4
9) Don't know/Refused 1.4
Missing472 
TOTAL1530100.0
83) As you may know, the federal government has debated whether to fund certain kinds of medical research known as 'stem cell research.' How much have you heard about this? (STEMCELL)
TOTAL%
1) A lot 26.4
2) A little 52.3
3) Nothing at all 20.3
9) Don't know/Refused 1
TOTAL2002100.0
84) Do you think the federal government should or should not fund stem cell research? (GOVCELL)
TOTAL%
1) Should 43.1
2) Should not 34.8
3) Depends 4.2
9) No opinion 17.9
TOTAL2002100.0
85) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED 'SHOULD NOT,' 'SHOULD,' OR 'DEPENDS' TO WHETHER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD OR SHOULD NOT FUND STEM CELL RESEARCH) Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue? (INFLCELL)
TOTAL%
1) A personal experience 7.2
2) The views of your friends and family 3.6
3) What you have seen or read in the media 34.2
4) Your religious beliefs 18.4
5) Your education 21.5
6) Something else 12.9
9) Don't know/Refused 2.3
Missing335 
TOTAL1667100.0
86) All in all, which is more important: (CELLIMPT)
TOTAL%
1) Conducting stem cell research that might result in new medical cures 42.6
2) Not destroying the potential life of human embryos involved in this research 38.4
9) Don't know/Refused 19.1
TOTAL2002100.0
87) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT CONDUCTING STEM CELL RESEARCH THAT MIGHT RESULT IN NEW MEDICAL CURES IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN NOT DESTROYING THE POTENTIAL LIFE OF HUMAN EMBRYOS INVOLVED IN THIS RESEARCH) Can you ever imagine yourself thinking that protecting human embryos is more important than conducting medical research on stem cells, or can't you imagine changing your mind on this issue? (CELLHUMN)
TOTAL%
1) Can imagine thinking differently on this issue 46.4
2) Can't imagine changing mind on this issue 44.9
9) Don't know/Refused 8.7
Missing1129 
TOTAL873100.0
88) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THAT NOT DESTROYING THE POTENTIAL LIFE OF HUMAN EMBRYOS INVOLVED IN STEM CELL RESEARCH IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN CONDUCTING STEM CELL RESEARCH THAT MIGHT RESULT IN NEW MEDICAL CURES) Can you ever imagine yourself thinking that discovering medical cures from stem cell research is more important than the potential life of human embryos, or can't you imagine changing your mind on this issue? (CELLMED)
TOTAL%
1) Can imagine thinking differently on this issue 23
2) Can't imagine changing mind on this issue 67
9) Don't know/Refused 10
Missing1241 
TOTAL761100.0
89) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male 48
2) Female 52
TOTAL2002100.0
90) What is your age? (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL197445.2317.63
91) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-8 3.2
2) High school incomplete 10.8
3) High school graduate 32.9
4) Business, technical, or vocational school after high school 3.6
5) Some college, no 4-year degree 23.8
6) College graduate 16.1
7) Postgraduate training 9.3
9) Don't know/Refused .4
TOTAL2002100.0
92) Are you, yourself, of Hispanic origin or descent, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other Spanish background? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 9.4
2) No 89.9
9) Don't know/Refused .7
TOTAL2002100.0
93) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THEY WERE NOT HISPANIC) What is your race? Are you white, black, Asian, or some other race? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White 81
2) Black 11.2
3) Asian 1.5
4) Other or mixed race 5.1
9) Don't know/Refused 1.2
TOTAL2002100.0
94) Are you married, divorced, separated, widowed, or never been married? (MARSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Married 51
2) Divorced 14.3
3) Separated 2.8
4) Widowed 8.4
5) Never been married 23
9) Don't know/Refused .6
TOTAL2002100.0
95) Are you the parent or guardian of any children under 18 now living in your household? (KID18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 35.7
2) No 64
9) Don't know/Refused .2
TOTAL2002100.0
96) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN OF ANY CHILDREN UNDER 18 NOW LIVING IN THEIR HOUSEHOLD) Are any of these children under the age of 5? (KID5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 41.7
2) No 57.9
9) Don't know/Refused .4
Missing1328 
TOTAL674100.0
97) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN OF ANY CHILDREN UNDER 18 NOW LIVING IN THEIR HOUSEHOLD) Are any of these children between the ages of 5 and 12? (KID512)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 56
2) No 43.7
9) Don't know/Refused .3
Missing1328 
TOTAL674100.0
98) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN OF ANY CHILDREN UNDER 18 NOW LIVING IN THEIR HOUSEHOLD) Are any of these children between the ages of 12 and 17? (KID1217)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 40.2
2) No 59.5
9) Don't know/Refused .3
Missing1328 
TOTAL674100.0
99) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time 53.9
2) Part-time 12.8
3) Not employed 32.9
9) Don't know/Refused .4
TOTAL2002100.0
100) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE MARRIED) Is your spouse now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (SPSEMPLY)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time 62.9
2) Part-time 9.4
3) Not employed 27.4
9) Don't know/Refused .4
Missing950 
TOTAL1052100.0
101) Last year, that is in 2001, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? (FAMINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000 7.4
2) $10,000 to under $20,000 10.2
3) $20,000 to under $30,000 13
4) $30,000 to under $40,000 12.2
5) $40,000 to under $50,000 9.8
6) $50,000 to under $75,000 15.6
7) $75,000 to under $100,000 8.9
8) $100,000 or more 8.4
9) Don't know/Refused 14.6
TOTAL2002100.0
102) These days, many people are so busy they can't find time to register to vote, or move around so often they don't get a chance to re-register. Are you now registered to vote in your precinct or election district, or haven't you been able to register so far? (REGVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, registered 77.1
2) No, not registered 22.4
9) Don't know/Refused .5
TOTAL2002100.0
103) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED THEY WERE REGISTERED TO VOTE) Are you absolutely certain you are registered to vote, or is there a chance your registration has lapsed because you moved or for some other reason? (POSVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely certain 96.4
2) Chance registration has lapsed 3.3
9) Don't know/Refused .4
Missing399 
TOTAL1603100.0
104) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or Independent? (POLITAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 30.2
2) Democrat 30.7
3) Independent 29.7
4) No preference 6.5
5) Other party .2
9) Don't know/Refused 2.6
TOTAL2002100.0
105) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO, CONCERNING POLITICS, CONSIDER THEMSELVES 'INDEPENDENT,' 'NO PREFERENCE,' 'OTHER PARTY THAN REPUBLICAN, DEMOCRAT, OR INDEPENDENT,' OR 'DON'T KNOW/REFUSED') As of today, do you lean more to the Republican Party or the Democratic Party? (POLLEAN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 32.3
2) Democrat 28
9) Don't know/Refused 39.7
Missing1247 
TOTAL755100.0
106) In the 2000 Presidential election, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? If you voted, did you vote for Gore, Bush, Nader, or Buchanan? (PRES2000)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Gore 27.5
2) Yes, Bush 34
3) Yes, Nader 1.9
4) Yes, Buchanan .3
5) Yes, other candidate .6
6) Voted, don't remember for whom .8
7) No, didn't vote/Too young 30
8) Don't remember if voted .8
9) Refused 4.2
TOTAL2002100.0
107) In general, would you describe your political views as: (POLVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative 5.8
2) Conservative 31.1
3) Moderate 39.4
4) Liberal 13.3
5) Very liberal 4.2
9) Don't know/Refused 6.2
TOTAL2002100.0
108) (IF RESPONDENT IS MARRIED, INCLUDE 'YOUR SPOUSE' ALSO) Are you (or is your spouse) a member of a labor union? (MEMUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent is 9.7
2) Yes, spouse is 4.5
3) Yes, both 1.7
4) Neither are 83
9) Don't know/Refused 1
TOTAL2002100.0
109) Which of the following best describes the place where you now live? (AREALIVE)
TOTAL%
1) A large city 18.7
2) A suburb near a large city 23.3
3) A small city or town 36.4
4) A rural area 20.5
9) Don't know/Refused 1.1
TOTAL2002100.0
110) Census region (CENSUS)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast 19.3
2) Midwest 23.7
3) South 35.8
4) West 21.2
TOTAL2002100.0
111) Recoded age (AGER)
TOTAL%
1) 18-24 12.8
2) 25-34 17.6
3) 35-44 21.5
4) 45-54 18.4
5) 55-64 12
6) 65 + 16.6
9) Refused 1.2
TOTAL2002100.0
112) Recoded education (EDUCR)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school 14
2) High school graduate 36.5
3) Some college 23.8
4) College + 25.3
9) Refused .4
TOTAL2002100.0
113) (ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE HISPANIC) Are you white Hispanic, black Hispanic, or some other race? (RACETHN)
TOTAL%
1) White Hispanic 74.7
2) Black Hispanic 10.6
3) Hispanic 9.4
4) Other 4.5
9) Don't know/Refused .7
TOTAL2002100.0
114) Weight variable (see summary documentation for more information) (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20021.8120.629
115) Race recoded (RACER)
TOTAL%
1) White 82
2) Black 11.4
3) Other non-white 6.6
Missing20 
TOTAL1982100.0
116) Recoded age (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-24 13
2) 25-34 17.8
3) 35-44 21.7
4) 45-54 18.6
5) 55-64 12.1
6) 65 + 16.8
Missing28 
TOTAL1974100.0
117) Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male 48
2) Female 52
TOTAL2002100.0
118) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or Independent? (for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 31.1
2) Democrat 31.6
3) Independent 30.6
4) No preference 6.7
Missing58 
TOTAL1944100.0
119) Last year, that is in 2001, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $20,000 17.6
3) $20,000 to under $40,000 25.2
5) $40,000 to under $75,000 25.4
7) $75,000 to under $100,000 8.9
8) $100,000 or more 8.4
9) Don't know/Refused 14.6
TOTAL2002100.0
120) Recoded education (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school 14
2) High school graduate 36.6
3) Some college 23.9
4) College + 25.4
Missing8 
TOTAL1994100.0
121) Are you married, divorced, separated, widowed, or never been married? (for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married 51.2
2) Divorced/Separated 17.2
4) Widowed 8.4
5) Never been married 23.1
Missing12 
TOTAL1990100.0
122) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 15.1
2) Once a week 25
3) Once or twice a month 16.7
4) A few times a year 18.6
5) Seldom 15.6
6) Never 9
Missing15 
TOTAL1987100.0