Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1993

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Southern Focus Polls > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Resp (RESP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4465911.478543
2) Year born (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4391949.26416
3) Just for the record, would you say that your community is in the South, or not? (COMSOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1331.7
2) No2663.4
3) Don't know/No answer24.9
Missing405 
TOTAL41100.0
4) How about your state as a whole? Is it a Southern state, or not? (STATSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1184.6
2) No215.4
Missing433 
TOTAL13100.0
5) Not counting time spent away at school and for other temporary reasons, have you lived in the South all your life or not? [IF NOT, ASK:] How long have you lived in the South? (LIVESOU)
TOTAL%
3) More than 10 years538.5
4) All my life753.8
5) Don't know/No answer17.7
Missing433 
TOTAL13100.0
6) [If R answered all my life, R was asked TRAVOUT] Have you ever traveled or visited outside the South? (TRAVOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes685.7
2) No114.3
Missing439 
TOTAL7100.0
7) Have you ever lived in a Southern state? (SOULIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10125.6
2) No29374.4
Missing52 
TOTAL394100.0
8) Have you ever traveled or visited in the South? (TRAVIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23379.5
2) No6020.5
Missing153 
TOTAL293100.0
9) Which state did you live in when you were 16? (STATE16)
TOTAL%
4) Arizona61.4
5) Arkansas10.2
6) California398.8
8) Colorado51.1
9) Connecticut92.0
10) Delaware10.2
12) Florida30.7
13) Georgia20.5
15) Hawaii20.5
16) Idaho40.9
17) Illinois214.7
18) Indiana184.1
19) Iowa122.7
20) Kansas132.9
21) Kentucky10.2
22) Louisiana30.7
23) Maine20.5
24) Maryland71.6
25) Massachusetts184.1
26) Michigan327.2
27) Minnesota132.9
28) Mississippi20.5
29) Missouri194.3
30) Montana20.5
31) Nebraska92.0
32) Nevada10.2
33) New Hampshire20.5
34) New Jersey194.3
35) New Mexico51.1
36) New York317.0
37) North Carolina40.9
38) North Dakota20.5
39) Ohio235.2
40) Oklahoma30.7
41) Oregon10.2
42) Pennsylvania378.3
44) Rhode Island30.7
46) South Dakota51.1
47) Tennessee20.5
48) Texas51.1
49) Utah30.7
50) Vermont10.2
51) Virginia40.9
53) Washington102.3
54) West Virginia51.1
55) Wisconsin163.6
56) Wyoming20.5
77) Foreign country132.9
99) Don't know30.7
Missing2 
TOTAL444100.0
10) Do you consider yourself or anyone in your family a Southerner? (SOUFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, self194.4
2) Yes, family6514.9
3) Yes, both self and family163.7
4) No33075.9
5) Don't know/No answer51.1
Missing11 
TOTAL435100.0
11) Are you proud of your Southernness? (PROUDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3085.7
2) No12.9
3) Don't know/No answer411.4
Missing411 
TOTAL35100.0
12) Do you think the South today has a lot of qualities that make it different from the rest of the United States, or is the South pretty much like any other part of the U.S.? (SOUDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) South is special24856.8
2) Like other parts of U.S.12729.1
3) Don't know/No answer6214.2
Missing9 
TOTAL437100.0
13) Do you think on the whole the South is better than the rest of the United States, worse than the rest, or just different? (SOUBETT)
TOTAL%
1) Better4116.5
2) Worse176.9
3) Just different18273.4
4) Don't know/No answer83.2
Missing198 
TOTAL248100.0
14) Do you live in a city, a suburban community, a small town, or a rural area? (LIVEWH)
TOTAL%
1) City13830.9
2) Suburbs12928.9
3) Town8920.0
4) Rural8920.0
5) Refused/Not sure10.2
TOTAL446100.0
15) Do you live within a half-hour drive of any of your close relatives? (LIVEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32673.1
2) No11926.7
3) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
16) How many years of school have you completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) 1st grade or less10.2
6) 6th grade20.4
8) 8th grade81.8
9) 9th grade61.3
10) 10th grade51.1
11) 11th grade71.6
12) 12th grade (high school)13630.5
13) 1st year college or tech. school194.3
14) 2nd year6213.9
15) 3rd year265.8
16) 4th year (college grad)10022.4
17) 5th year235.2
18) 6th year224.9
19) 7th year122.7
20) 8th year (PhD)81.8
21) 9 or more92.0
TOTAL446100.0
17) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week5111.4
2) Once a week11525.8
3) 2-3 times a month6614.8
4) Several times a year12327.6
5) Never8920.0
6) Refused20.4
TOTAL446100.0
18) What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK:] What denomination? (FAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist439.6
2) Methodist368.1
3) Lutheran357.8
4) Presbyterian173.8
5) Episcopalian102.2
6) Church of Christ143.1
7) Other Protestant357.8
8) Catholic13830.9
9) Jewish173.8
10) Other4610.3
11) None4710.5
12) Don't know/No answer81.8
TOTAL446100.0
19) Are you currently... (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married27361.2
2) Divorced439.6
3) Separated92.0
4) Widowed306.7
5) Single8920.0
6) No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
20) Are you a parent? (PARENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33274.4
2) No11425.6
TOTAL446100.0
21) Last week were you primarily: (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time25958.1
2) Working part time5111.4
3) Going to school184.0
4) Keeping house409.0
5) Retired6213.9
6) Unemployed112.5
7) Or what?40.9
8) No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
22) What about your husband/wife - last week was he/she primarily: (HWEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time17263.0
2) Working part time217.7
3) Going to school20.7
4) Keeping house2910.6
5) Retired3813.9
6) Unemployed62.2
7) Or what?41.5
8) No answer10.4
Missing173 
TOTAL273100.0
23) I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes: (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,000276.1
2) 10,000 to 19,9995111.4
3) 20,000 to 29,9996715.0
4) 30,000 to 39,9997216.1
5) 40,000 to 49,9995011.2
6) 50,000 to 59,999419.2
7) More than 60,0007717.3
8) No answer6113.7
TOTAL446100.0
24) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White40490.6
2) Black/African-American224.9
3) Native American/Indian30.7
4) Other132.9
5) No answer40.9
TOTAL446100.0
25) Are you of Hispanic origin? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Hispanic143.1
2) No, Not Hispanic42795.7
3) Don't know/No answer51.1
TOTAL446100.0
26) How many people under 18 live in this house? (CHILD18)
TOTAL%
0) 24955.8
1) 7917.7
2) 6514.6
3) 347.6
4) 122.7
5) 40.9
7) 10.2
8) 10.2
12) 10.2
TOTAL446100.0
27) How many of those are under 12 years old? (CHILD12)
TOTAL%
0) 29265.5
1) 7316.4
2) 4710.5
3) 245.4
4) 61.3
5) 20.4
8) 10.2
12) 10.2
TOTAL446100.0
28) Including yourself, how many people 18 or older live at this telephone number? (PEOPLE)
TOTAL%
1) 10022.4
2) 26659.6
3) 5712.8
4) 173.8
5) 30.7
7) 30.7
TOTAL446100.0
29) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican13730.7
2) Democrat13931.2
3) Independent13029.1
4) Other party143.1
5) Don't know/No answer265.8
TOTAL446100.0
30) [If R answered Democrat, R was asked STRDEM] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not very strong Democrat? (STRDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat6345.3
2) Not very strong Democrat7554.0
3) Don't know/No answer10.7
Missing307 
TOTAL139100.0
31) [If R answered Republican, R was asked STRREP] Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not very strong Republican? (STRREP)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Republican6144.5
2) Not very strong Republican7454.0
3) Don't know/No answer21.5
Missing309 
TOTAL137100.0
32) [If R answered Independent, R was asked INDEP] Do you usually think of yourself as closer to the Republican party or as closer to the Democratic party? (INDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Closer to Republican party4635.4
2) Closer to Democratic party4232.3
3) Don't know/No answer4232.3
Missing316 
TOTAL130100.0
33) As a citizen, what comes to mind first - your rights, such as freedom of speech and religion, or your obligations, such as obeying the law and paying taxes? (CITIZEN)
TOTAL%
1) Rights22550.4
2) Obligations15133.9
3) Both equal (vol)5111.4
4) Don't know/No answer194.3
TOTAL446100.0
34) In general, when it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, a moderate, or what? (LIBCON)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal10323.1
2) Moderate (middle of the road)14131.6
3) Conservative15133.9
4) Never think of self in these terms (no preference)194.3
5) Don't know255.6
6) No answer71.6
TOTAL446100.0
35) [If R answered liberal, R was asked STRLIB] Do you think of yourself as a strong liberal or a not very strong liberal? (STRLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal4543.7
2) Not very strong liberal5452.4
3) Don't know43.9
Missing343 
TOTAL103100.0
36) [If R answered conservative, R was asked STRCON] Do you think of yourself as a strong conservative or a not very strong conservative? (STRCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strong conservative7549.7
2) Not very strong conservative6643.7
3) Don't know85.3
4) No answer21.3
Missing295 
TOTAL151100.0
37) [If R answered moderate, R was asked MODERATE] Do you think of yourself as more like a liberal or more like a conservative? (MODERATE)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal5136.2
2) Neither128.5
3) More conservative6646.8
4) Don't know117.8
5) No answer10.7
Missing305 
TOTAL141100.0
38) Do you feel that things in the country are generally going in the right direction, or do you feel things have gotten off on the wrong track? (DIRECTNT)
TOTAL%
1) Going in right direction5424.3
2) Off on wrong track14364.4
4) Don't know/No answer2511.3
Missing224 
TOTAL222100.0
39) Do you feel that things in your part of the country are generally going in the right direction, or do you feel things have gotten off on the wrong track? (DIRECTRG)
TOTAL%
1) Going in right direction5223.2
2) Off on wrong track15669.6
3) Not sure/Refused167.1
Missing222 
TOTAL224100.0
40) In your opinion, are Bill Clinton and Al Gore different from other Democrats or are they typical Democrats? (DEMTYP93)
TOTAL%
1) Different17338.8
2) Typical22350.0
3) Don't know/No answer5011.2
TOTAL446100.0
41) People have different opinions about the amount of influence that various groups have in American life and politics. Do you think that women have far too much influence, too much influence, about the right amount of influence, too little influence, or do they have far too little influence? (INFLUWOM)
TOTAL%
1) Far too much influence40.9
2) Too much265.8
3) About right14833.2
4) Too little20044.8
5) Far too little4610.3
6) Don't know/No answer224.9
TOTAL446100.0
42) How about job opportunities for women - do you think they are, in general, better or worse than job opportunities for men with similar education and experience? (WJOBOPP)
TOTAL%
2) Better for women439.6
3) No difference9922.2
4) Worse for women26559.4
5) Much worse for women214.7
6) Don't know/No answer184.0
TOTAL446100.0
43) Do you think abortions should be legal under any circumstances, legal only under certain circumstances, or illegal in all circumstances? (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Legal under any circumstances16035.9
2) Legal only under certain circumstances20044.8
3) Illegal in all circumstances6815.2
4) Don't know/No answer184.0
TOTAL446100.0
44) The word 'environment' is used to describe the world around us - the land, the sea, the air, the rivers and lakes, and the climate. Do you feel that the environment where you live has become better or worse in the last 10 years, or has stayed about the same? (ENVIRCHG)
TOTAL%
1) Better8017.9
2) Worse19543.7
3) About the same16737.4
4) Don't know/No answer40.9
TOTAL446100.0
45) Here are two statements which people sometimes make when discussing the environment and economic growth. Which of these statements comes closer to your own point of view? 1. Protection of the environment should be given priority, even at the risk of curbing economic growth. Or, 2. Economic growth should be given priority even if the environment suffers to some extent. (ENVIRON)
TOTAL%
1) Protect environment given priority27862.3
2) Econ growth given priority10323.1
3) No opinion/Can't decide (vol)5913.2
4) Don't know/No answer61.3
TOTAL446100.0
46) Now, thinking about religion, how important would you say religion is in your own life - very important, fairly important, or not very important? (IMPRELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Very important23452.5
2) Fairly important13430.0
3) Not very important7416.6
4) Don't know/No answer40.9
TOTAL446100.0
47) Here are some questions to find out how people feel about the South and Southerners. In general, do you think Southerners are more courteous or less courteous than people in other areas of the country? (COURTEOU)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more31670.9
2) Southerners less112.5
3) About the same (vol)7216.1
4) Don't know/No answer4710.5
TOTAL446100.0
48) In general, do you think Southerners are more religious or less religious than people in other areas of the country? (RELIGIOU)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more30367.9
2) Southerners less92.0
3) About the same (vol)6915.5
4) Don't know/No answer6514.6
TOTAL446100.0
49) In general, do you think Southerners are more hard-working or less hard working than people in other areas of the country? (HARDWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more10122.6
2) Southerners less9721.7
3) About the same (vol)15735.2
4) Don't know/No answer9120.4
TOTAL446100.0
50) In general, do you think Southerners are more pushy or less pushy than people in other areas of the country? (PUSHY)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more5612.6
2) Southerners less22049.3
3) About the same (vol)8519.1
4) Don't know/No answer8519.1
TOTAL446100.0
51) In general, do you think Southerners are more patriotic or less patriotic than people in other areas of the country? (PATRIOTI)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more19744.2
2) Southerners less286.3
3) About the same (vol)12828.7
4) Don't know/No answer9320.9
TOTAL446100.0
52) In general, do you think Southerners are more loyal to family or less loyal to family than people in other areas of the country? (FAMILY)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more24454.7
2) Southerners less153.4
3) About the same (vol)10423.3
4) Don't know/No answer8318.6
TOTAL446100.0
53) In general, do you think Southerners are more conservative or less conservative than people in other areas of the country? (CONSERV)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more26559.4
2) Southerners less5512.3
3) About the same (vol)4810.8
4) Don't know/No answer7817.5
TOTAL446100.0
54) In general, do you think Southerners are more violent or less violent than people in other areas of the country? (VIOLENT)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more5311.9
2) Southerners less16035.9
3) About the same (vol)15033.6
4) Don't know/No answer8318.6
TOTAL446100.0
55) In general, do you think Southerners are more concerned about the environment or less concerned about the environment than people in other areas of the country? (CONCENVI)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more10523.5
2) Southerners less9320.9
3) About the same (vol)11626.0
4) Don't know/No answer13229.6
TOTAL446100.0
56) In general, do you think Southerners are more contented with life or less contented with life than people in other areas of the country? (CONTLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more24053.8
2) Southerners less255.6
3) About the same (vol)8519.1
4) Don't know/No answer9621.5
TOTAL446100.0
57) In general, do you think Southerners are more intelligent or less intelligent than people in other areas of the country? (INTELLIG)
TOTAL%
1) Southerners more296.5
2) Southerners less6113.7
3) About the same (vol)25857.8
4) Don't know/No answer9822.0
TOTAL446100.0
58) Is your mother still living? (MOMLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30869.1
2) No13830.9
TOTAL446100.0
59) How long has it been since you spoke with her in person or over the telephone? (MOMSPOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Within the last week26987.3
2) Longer than a week but less than a month237.5
3) 1-3 months103.2
4) 4-6 months20.6
5) 7-9 months10.3
7) More than a year31.0
Missing138 
TOTAL308100.0
60) Do you have any living brothers or sisters? (LIVESIB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40991.7
2) No378.3
TOTAL446100.0
61) How long has it been since you spoke with one of them in person or over the telephone? (SIBSPOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Within the last week31577.0
2) Longer than a week but less than a month4611.2
3) 1-3 months245.9
4) 4-6 months71.7
6) 10-12 months71.7
7) More than a year92.2
8) Don't know/No answer10.2
Missing37 
TOTAL409100.0
62) Is your mother-in-law living? (MILLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18166.3
2) No9233.7
Missing173 
TOTAL273100.0
63) How long has it been since you spoke with her in person or over the telephone? (MILSPOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Within the last week11865.2
2) Longer than a week but less than a month4223.2
3) 1-3 months116.1
5) 7-9 months21.1
6) 10-12 months21.1
7) More than a year42.2
8) Don't know/No answer21.1
Missing265 
TOTAL181100.0
64) Do you have any adult children who don't live with you? (ADULTKID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16950.9
2) No16248.8
3) Don't know/No answer10.3
Missing114 
TOTAL332100.0
65) How long has it been since you spoke with one of them in person or over the telephone? (KIDSPOKE)
TOTAL%
1) Within the last week15289.9
2) Longer than a week but less than a month84.7
3) 1-3 months53.0
4) 4-6 months31.8
7) More than a year10.6
Missing277 
TOTAL169100.0
66) Here are some questions about growing up: When you were growing up, how important was it to your parents that you learn to appreciate nature? (APNATURE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important20044.8
2) Somewhat important14632.7
3) Not very important7817.5
4) Not at all important143.1
5) Don't know/No answer81.8
TOTAL446100.0
67) When you were growing up, how important was it to your parents that you learn good manners? (MANNERS)
TOTAL%
1) Very important38987.2
2) Somewhat important4810.8
3) Not very important51.1
4) Not at all important30.7
5) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
68) When you were growing up, how important was it to your parents that you be a good student? (STUDENT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important35579.6
2) Somewhat important7015.7
3) Not very important132.9
4) Not at all important51.1
5) Don't know/No answer30.7
TOTAL446100.0
69) When you were growing up, how important was it to your parents that you be a good athlete? (ATHLETE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important419.2
2) Somewhat important8819.7
3) Not very important18040.4
4) Not at all important13129.4
5) Don't know/No answer61.3
TOTAL446100.0
70) When you were growing up, how important was it to your parents that you be popular with your friends? (POPULAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important4710.5
2) Somewhat important10623.8
3) Not very important19142.8
4) Not at all important9220.6
5) Don't know/No answer102.2
TOTAL446100.0
71) When you were growing up, how important was it to your parents that you be patriotic? (PATRIOT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important20946.9
2) Somewhat important12628.3
3) Not very important7617.0
4) Not at all important235.2
5) Don't know/No answer122.7
TOTAL446100.0
72) And what about you... How important is it to you that children learn to appreciate nature? (CHNATURE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important36481.6
2) Somewhat important7516.8
3) Not very important71.6
TOTAL446100.0
73) How important is it to you that children learn good manners? (CHMANNER)
TOTAL%
1) Very important40891.5
2) Somewhat important357.8
3) Not very important10.2
4) Not at all important10.2
5) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
74) How important is it to you that children be good students? (CHSTUDEN)
TOTAL%
1) Very important38085.2
2) Somewhat important6213.9
3) Not very important30.7
5) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
75) How important is it to you that children be good athletes? (CHATHLET)
TOTAL%
1) Very important6514.6
2) Somewhat important17338.8
3) Not very important14632.7
4) Not at all important5612.6
5) Don't know/No answer61.3
TOTAL446100.0
76) How important is it to you that children be popular with their friends? (CHPOPULA)
TOTAL%
1) Very important7216.1
2) Somewhat important16537.0
3) Not very important15033.6
4) Not at all important5712.8
5) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
77) How important is it to you that children be patriotic? (CHPATRI)
TOTAL%
1) Very important25256.5
2) Somewhat important13931.2
3) Not very important378.3
4) Not at all important132.9
5) Don't know/No answer51.1
TOTAL446100.0
78) When you were growing up how many brothers did you have? (BRONUM)
TOTAL%
0) 10122.6
1) 14933.4
2) 10423.3
3) 5712.8
4) 132.9
5) 122.7
6) 40.9
7) 10.2
8) 10.2
11) 10.2
12) 30.7
TOTAL446100.0
79) When you were growing up how many sisters did you have? (SISNUM)
TOTAL%
0) 11826.5
1) 14532.5
2) 9421.1
3) 4911.0
4) 173.8
5) 102.2
6) 40.9
7) 61.3
11) 10.2
12) 20.4
TOTAL446100.0
80) When you were growing up, did your parents ever spank you for misbehaving? (SPANK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37183.2
2) No7216.1
3) Don't know/No answer30.7
TOTAL446100.0
81) When you were growing up, did your parents ever learn about your misbehavior from another member of the community? (COMMUNIT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19042.6
2) No23452.5
3) Don't know/No answer224.9
TOTAL446100.0
82) When you were growing up, did your family usually have a vegetable garden? (VEGGARDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30067.3
2) No14532.5
3) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
83) When you were growing up, did your family usually have a flower garden? (FLOGARDN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33074.0
2) No11626.0
TOTAL446100.0
84) When you were growing up, did you ever go hunting with a parent or other adult relative? (GHHUNT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16336.5
2) No28363.5
TOTAL446100.0
85) When you were growing up, did you ever go fishing with a parent or other adult relative? (GUFISH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34176.5
2) No10523.5
TOTAL446100.0
86) When you were growing up, was your father 'handy' at fixing things? (HANDYDAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32272.2
2) No11024.7
3) Don't know/No answer143.1
TOTAL446100.0
87) We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. So far as you and your family are concerned, would you say that you are pretty well satisfied with your present financial situation, more or less satisfied, or not satisfied at all? (FINSAT)
TOTAL%
1) Pretty well satisfied16637.2
2) More or less satisfied19042.6
3) Not satisfied at all8719.5
4) Don't know/No answer30.7
TOTAL446100.0
88) Do you agree or disagree that you would enjoy having a job even if you didn't need the money? (MONEYJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Agree36281.2
2) Disagree7216.1
3) Don't know/No answer122.7
TOTAL446100.0
89) Do you know the names of most of the trees that grow near your house? (TREES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33074.0
2) No11425.6
3) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
90) Do you have a bird feeder in your yard? (FEEDBIRD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20445.7
2) No24154.0
3) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
91) Do you recycle newspapers, aluminum, plastic or glass? (RECYCLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37784.5
2) No6715.0
3) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
92) Do you have a compost pile? (COMPOST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11926.7
2) No32272.2
3) Don't know/No answer51.1
TOTAL446100.0
93) Do you have a vegetable garden? (HAVEVEG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17439.0
2) No27261.0
TOTAL446100.0
94) Do you have a flower garden? (HAVEFLOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29566.1
2) No15133.9
TOTAL446100.0
95) Do you regularly engage in some kind of outdoor activity? (OUTACTIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37083.0
2) No7617.0
TOTAL446100.0
96) Besides the outdoor activities you mentioned, what other kind of outdoor activities do you participate in? (WHATOPN)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given62100.0
Missing384 
TOTAL62100.0
97) Have you been on a picnic within the last year? (PICNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes35278.9
2) No9421.1
TOTAL446100.0
98) Have you ever attended a beauty pageant? (PAGEANT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6815.2
2) No37684.3
3) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
99) Have you ever attended a stock car race? (STOCKCAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes23452.5
2) No21247.5
TOTAL446100.0
100) Do you or any other household members have any pets in your home, such as dogs, cats, or birds? (PETS)
TOTAL%
1) No pets16637.2
2) Yes, have pets28062.8
TOTAL446100.0
101) Besides dogs, cats or birds, what other kind of animals have you had as pets? (PETOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Answer given50100.0
Missing396 
TOTAL50100.0
102) Now we'd like to ask you to make some choices between various activities. Here's the first one: If you could take a vacation at the beach or in the mountains, which would you choose to do? (WHVACAT)
TOTAL%
1) Beach19343.3
2) Mountains22951.3
3) Neither (vol)71.6
4) Don't know/No answer173.8
TOTAL446100.0
103) If you could go shopping at a mall or go for a picnic, which would you choose to do? (MALLPICN)
TOTAL%
1) Go shopping at the mall11124.9
2) Go for a picnic31169.7
3) Neither (vol)40.9
4) Don't know/No answer204.5
TOTAL446100.0
104) If you could visit a nature park or an art museum, which would you choose to do? (PARKMUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Visit a nature park29365.7
2) Visit an art museum12227.4
3) Neither (vol)132.9
4) Don't know/No answer184.0
TOTAL446100.0
105) If you could spend the day with your favorite relatives or go to a party with close friends, which would you choose to do? (RELAFRIE)
TOTAL%
1) Spend day with favorite relatives28463.7
2) Go to party with close friends13730.7
3) Neither (vol)20.4
4) Don't know/No answer235.2
TOTAL446100.0
106) If you could have a home-cooked meal prepared by your favorite cook or eat at a fancy restaurant, which would you choose to do? (HOMEFNCY)
TOTAL%
1) Have a home-cooked meal32472.6
2) Eat at a fancy restaurant11325.3
3) Neither (vol)30.7
4) Don't know/No answer61.3
TOTAL446100.0
107) If you could go for a stroll on a warm sunny afternoon or on a crisp cool morning, which would you choose to do? (SUNCOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Go for a stroll on a warm sunny afternoon18942.4
2) Go for a stroll on a crisp cool morning23151.8
3) Neither (vol)92.0
4) Don't know/No answer173.8
TOTAL446100.0
108) If you could eat a hamburger or a barbecue sandwich, which would you choose to eat? (BURGRBBQ)
TOTAL%
1) Hamburger20846.6
2) BBQ sandwich18541.5
3) Neither (vol)398.7
4) Don't know/No answer143.1
TOTAL446100.0
109) Would you rather receive a telephone call or a letter from an old friend? (PHONLET)
TOTAL%
1) Phone call28864.6
2) Letter13129.4
3) Neither40.9
4) Don't know/No answer235.2
TOTAL446100.0
110) Do you ever eat chicken? (EATCHICK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42896.0
2) No184.0
TOTAL446100.0
111) [If R answered yes, R was asked CHICKEN] If you could have it baked, grilled, or fried, which way would you choose? (CHICKEN)
TOTAL%
1) Baked13832.2
2) Grilled16638.8
3) Fried10725.0
4) Other71.6
5) Don't know/No answer102.3
Missing18 
TOTAL428100.0
112) Do you usually eat dessert after your evening meal? (DESSERT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13029.1
2) No31470.4
3) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
113) What's your favorite dessert? (SWEETS)
TOTAL%
1) Pie12227.4
2) Cake8819.7
3) Cookies143.1
4) Ice cream/Frozen yogurt11024.7
5) Fruit173.8
6) Pudding173.8
7) Jello51.1
8) Other (specify)378.3
9) Never eat dessert122.7
10) Don't know/No answer245.4
TOTAL446100.0
114) I'm going to list some foods. For each one I'd like for you to tell me whether you like it, dislike it, or have never tried it: buttermilk. (BUTERMLK)
TOTAL%
1) Like it11325.3
2) Don't like it22951.3
3) Haven't tried it10423.3
TOTAL446100.0
115) Please tell me whether you like, dislike or have never tried cornbread. (CRNBREAD)
TOTAL%
1) Like it37183.2
2) Don't like it5512.3
3) Haven't tried it184.0
4) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
116) Please tell me whether you like, dislike or have never tried black-eyed peas. (BLKEYES)
TOTAL%
1) Like it18341.0
2) Don't like it10022.4
3) Haven't tried it16136.1
4) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
117) Please tell me whether you like, dislike or have never tried sushi. (SUSHI)
TOTAL%
1) Like it8017.9
2) Don't like it13830.9
3) Haven't tried it22149.6
4) Don't know/No answer71.6
TOTAL446100.0
118) Please tell me whether you like, dislike or have never tried Chinese food. (CHINESE)
TOTAL%
1) Like it37483.9
2) Don't like it5813.0
3) Haven't tried it132.9
4) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL446100.0
119) Please tell me whether you like, dislike or have never tried Mexican food. (MEXICAN)
TOTAL%
1) Like it34477.1
2) Don't like it8519.1
3) Haven't tried it153.4
4) Don't know/No answer20.4
TOTAL446100.0
120) Some people say the Confederate flag reminds them of white supremacy and racial conflict. Other people say the Confederate flag is a symbol of Southern heritage and pride. Do you think the flag is more a symbol of racial conflict, or of Southern pride? (FLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Racial conflict7115.9
2) Southern pride31871.3
3) Don't know/No answer5712.8
TOTAL446100.0
121) Do you agree or disagree that: The South is better off as part of the United States than it would be as a separate country. (INDEPSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Agree40290.1
2) Disagree143.1
3) Not sure132.9
4) Don't know/No answer173.8
TOTAL446100.0
122) Respondent's sex (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male20345.5
2) Female24354.5
TOTAL446100.0
123) Respondent's accent (ACCENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Southern accent61.3
2) Detectable Southern accent, but not strong337.4
3) No Southern accent40791.3
TOTAL446100.0
124) Interviewer number (INTNUM)
TOTAL%
1) 163.6
2) 173.8
3) 245.4
4) 245.4
5) 173.8
6) 327.2
7) 163.6
8) 5412.1
9) 388.5
10) 409.0
11) 235.2
12) 204.5
13) 286.3
14) 102.2
15) 173.8
16) 112.5
17) 286.3
18) 102.2
19) 102.2
23) 112.5
TOTAL446100.0
125) Minutes/Length of interview (MINUTES)
TOTAL%
11) 30.7
12) 214.7
13) 306.8
14) 5712.9
15) 4911.1
16) 5211.7
17) 4810.8
18) 4810.8
19) 296.5
20) 296.5
21) 122.7
22) 102.3
23) 132.9
24) 81.8
25) 10.2
26) 61.4
27) 10.2
28) 30.7
29) 71.6
30) 40.9
31) 30.7
33) 30.7
35) 20.5
40) 10.2
42) 10.2
48) 10.2
51) 10.2
Missing3 
TOTAL443100.0
126) XBACKS (XBACKS)
TOTAL%
1) 7218.0
2) 6817.0
3) 5313.3
4) 4812.0
5) 389.5
6) 307.5
7) 276.8
8) 205.0
9) 92.3
10) 153.8
11) 71.8
12) 41.0
13) 30.8
16) 20.5
19) 20.5
33) 10.3
Missing47 
TOTAL399100.0
127) Race of interviewer (INTRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White41593.0
2) Black/African-American317.0
TOTAL446100.0
128) Gender of interviewer (INTGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Male6013.5
2) Female38686.5
TOTAL446100.0
129) Recode of region South/Non-south (NEWREG)
TOTAL%
2) Non-south446100.0
TOTAL446100.0
130) Region of country-Gallup (GALREG)
TOTAL%
2) New England357.8
3) East Central9721.7
4) West Central8719.5
5) Mountain states429.4
6) Middle Atlantic11124.9
7) Pacific Coast7416.6
TOTAL446100.0
131) Recode of party id (PIDRCODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat6314.1
2) Not very strong Democrat7617.0
3) Independent, closer to Democrat429.4
4) Independent429.4
5) Independent, closer to Republican4610.3
6) Not very strong Republican7617.0
7) Strong Republican6113.7
8) Other party143.1
9) Don't know/No answer265.8
TOTAL446100.0
132) South or non-south recode (NV)
TOTAL%
2) Non-south446100.0
TOTAL446100.0
133) Recode of minutes/interview (RCMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Less 15 minutes11125.1
2) 15-19 minutes22651.0
3) 20-29 minutes9020.3
4) 30+ minutes163.6
Missing3 
TOTAL443100.0
134) Age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL43943.73616
135) Liberal-conservative total (re-code) (LCRECODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal4510.1
2) Not strong liberal5813.0
3) Moderate-liberal5111.4
4) Moderate245.4
5) Moderate-conservative6614.8
6) Not strong conservative7617.0
7) Strong conservative7516.8
8) No preference194.3
9) Don't know/No answer327.2
TOTAL446100.0
136) Residence at age 16: South/Non-south (RESIDENT)
TOTAL%
1) South307.0
2) Border327.5
3) Non-south36685.5
Missing18 
TOTAL428100.0
137) Called state deep south or not (DEEPSOU)
TOTAL%
3) Non-south446100.0
TOTAL446100.0
138) Which state called (STATCALL)
TOTAL%
14) Delaware20.4
16) Maryland132.9
17) Missouri204.5
18) West Virginia81.8
20) Arizona71.6
21) California5311.9
22) Colorado112.5
23) Connecticut122.7
25) Idaho30.7
26) Illinois265.8
27) Indiana184.0
28) Iowa92.0
29) Kansas132.9
30) Maine20.4
31) Massachusetts153.4
32) Michigan327.2
33) Minnesota132.9
34) Montana30.7
35) Nebraska81.8
36) Nevada30.7
37) New Hampshire30.7
38) New Jersey224.9
39) New Mexico71.6
40) New York327.2
41) North Dakota20.4
42) Ohio214.7
43) Oregon61.3
44) Pennsylvania347.6
45) Rhode Island10.2
46) South Dakota30.7
47) Utah61.3
48) Vermont20.4
49) Washington153.4
50) Wisconsin194.3
51) Wyoming20.4
TOTAL446100.0
139) Educational attainment (GRADE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 9112.5
2) 9th to 11th grade184.0
3) High School graduate13630.5
4) Some college10724.0
5) College graduate or more17439.0
TOTAL446100.0
140) County (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL41665.6862
141) Kind of outdoor activity: golf (GOLF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes306.7
2) No41693.3
TOTAL446100.0
142) Outdoor activity: yardwork (YARDWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10323.1
2) No34376.9
TOTAL446100.0
143) Outdoor activity: walking (WALKING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13730.7
2) No30969.3
TOTAL446100.0
144) Outdoor activity: hunting (HUNTING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes439.6
2) No40390.4
TOTAL446100.0
145) Outdoor activity: fishing (FISHING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6715.0
2) No37985.0
TOTAL446100.0
146) Outdoor activity: camping/hiking (CAMPING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6113.7
2) No38586.3
TOTAL446100.0
147) Outdoor activity: boating (BOATING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes153.4
2) No43196.6
TOTAL446100.0
148) Outdoor activity: tennis (TENNIS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes184.0
2) No42896.0
TOTAL446100.0
149) Outdoor activity: running (RUNNING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes327.2
2) No41492.8
TOTAL446100.0
150) Outdoor activity: horseback riding (HORSEBK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92.0
2) No43798.0
TOTAL446100.0
151) Outdoor activity: swimming (SWIMMING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes296.5
2) No41793.5
TOTAL446100.0
152) Outdoor activity: skiing (SKIING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes255.6
2) No42194.4
TOTAL446100.0
153) Outdoor activity: cycling (CYCLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5512.3
2) No39187.7
TOTAL446100.0
154) Outdoor activity: other (OTHERA)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6314.1
2) No38385.9
TOTAL446100.0
155) What kind of pet: dog(s) (DOGS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18741.9
2) No25958.1
TOTAL446100.0
156) What kind of pet: cat(s) (CATS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13630.5
2) No31069.5
TOTAL446100.0
157) What kind of pet: bird(s) (BIRDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes306.7
2) No41693.3
TOTAL446100.0
158) What kind of pet: other (OTHER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5111.4
2) No39588.6
TOTAL446100.0
159) Weight (household) computed for south (WTVARS)
TOTAL%
.495049476623535) 10022.4
.990098953247071) 26659.6
1.4851484298706) 5712.8
1.98019790649413) 173.8
2.47524642944338) 30.7
3.46534538269044) 30.7
TOTAL446100.0
160) Weight (household) computed for north (WTVARN)
TOTAL%
.492610692977905) 10022.4
.985221385955811) 26659.6
1.47783184051511) 5712.8
1.9704427719116) 173.8
2.4630527496338) 30.7
3.44827461242676) 30.7
TOTAL446100.0
161) Age of respondent by categories (AGECAT)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 24439.8
2) 25 to 4420947.6
3) 45 to 6412328.0
4) 65 or older6414.6
Missing7 
TOTAL439100.0
162) Recode of STATCALL (regional breakdown) (WHSTATE)
TOTAL%
2) Border439.6
3) Non-south40390.4
TOTAL446100.0
163) Check of respondent number (RESPNUM2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4465911.478543
164) Which state called (sheet report) (STATCH)
TOTAL%
14) Delaware20.4
16) Maryland132.9
17) Missouri204.5
18) West Virginia81.8
20) Arizona71.6
21) California5311.9
22) Colorado112.5
23) Connecticut122.7
25) Idaho30.7
26) Illinois265.8
27) Indiana184.0
28) Iowa92.0
29) Kansas132.9
30) Maine20.4
31) Massachusetts153.4
32) Michigan327.2
33) Minnesota132.9
34) Montana30.7
35) Nebraska81.8
36) Nevada30.7
37) New Hampshire30.7
38) New Jersey224.9
39) New Mexico71.6
40) New York327.2
41) North Dakota20.4
42) Ohio214.7
43) Oregon61.3
44) Pennsylvania347.6
45) Rhode Island10.2
46) South Dakota30.7
47) Utah61.3
48) Vermont20.4
49) Washington153.4
50) Wisconsin194.3
51) Wyoming20.4
TOTAL446100.0
165) Interviewer making 1st attempt (INTNUM1)
TOTAL%
1) 122.7
2) 214.7
3) 296.5
4) 317.0
5) 143.1
6) 245.4
7) 143.1
8) 439.6
9) 317.0
10) 327.2
11) 245.4
12) 306.7
13) 204.5
14) 112.5
15) 235.2
16) 92.0
17) 419.2
18) 143.1
19) 143.1
23) 92.0
TOTAL446100.0
166) Interviewer making 2nd attempt (INTNUM2)
TOTAL%
0) 30167.5
1) 71.6
2) 61.3
3) 10.2
4) 30.7
5) 81.8
6) 204.5
7) 71.6
8) 214.7
9) 122.7
10) 204.5
11) 10.2
12) 61.3
13) 61.3
14) 20.4
15) 20.4
16) 102.2
17) 40.9
18) 10.2
19) 40.9
23) 40.9
TOTAL446100.0
167) Interviewer making 3rd attempt (INTNUM3)
TOTAL%
0) 36180.9
1) 81.8
3) 20.4
4) 10.2
5) 51.1
6) 92.0
8) 102.2
9) 112.5
10) 112.5
11) 10.2
12) 30.7
13) 51.1
14) 10.2
15) 40.9
16) 20.4
17) 51.1
18) 30.7
19) 10.2
23) 30.7
TOTAL446100.0
168) Interviewer making 4th attempt (INTNUM4)
TOTAL%
0) 39688.8
1) 61.3
2) 20.4
3) 10.2
5) 61.3
6) 20.4
7) 10.2
8) 112.5
9) 20.4
10) 51.1
12) 10.2
13) 71.6
14) 10.2
16) 10.2
18) 10.2
23) 20.4
1010) 10.2
TOTAL446100.0
169) Interviewer making 5th attempt (INTNUM5)
TOTAL%
0) 43998.4
8) 30.7
9) 30.7
10) 10.2
TOTAL446100.0
170) Regional breakdown (callsheet) (WHSTAT)
TOTAL%
2) Border439.6
3) Non-south40390.4
TOTAL446100.0
171) This weighting variable is based on the Census of population and is used to combine northern and southern data sets. (TOTWT)
TOTAL%
1.02660097740858) 10022.4
2.0532019548172) 26659.6
3.07980243536133) 5712.8
4.10640390963441) 173.8
5.13300339644963) 30.7
7.18620634499573) 30.7
TOTAL446100.0
172) Stfips (STFIPS)
TOTAL%
4) 71.6
6) 5311.9
8) 112.5
9) 122.7
10) 20.4
16) 30.7
17) 265.8
18) 184.0
19) 92.0
20) 132.9
23) 20.4
24) 132.9
25) 153.4
26) 327.2
27) 132.9
29) 204.5
30) 30.7
31) 81.8
32) 30.7
33) 30.7
34) 224.9
35) 71.6
36) 327.2
38) 20.4
39) 214.7
41) 61.3
42) 347.6
44) 10.2
46) 30.7
49) 61.3
50) 20.4
53) 153.4
54) 81.8
55) 194.3
56) 20.4
TOTAL446100.0
173) State/County Fips Code (ST_CNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL44626359.0215540
174) Cnty (CNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL44661.26262
175) Msacmsa (MSACMSA)
176) Nsmetro (NSMETRO)
TOTAL%
0) Metropolitan10725.8
1) Non-metropolitan30874.2
Missing31 
TOTAL415100.0
177) I-AGE: Age of respondent by categories (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 24439.8
2) 25 to 4420947.6
3) 45 to 6412328.0
4) 65 or older6414.6
Missing7 
TOTAL439100.0
178) I-GENDER: Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male20345.5
2) Female24354.5
TOTAL446100.0
179) I-EDUC: Educational attainment (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 9112.5
2) 9th to 11th grade184.0
3) High School graduate13630.5
4) Some college10724.0
5) College graduate or more17439.0
TOTAL446100.0
180) I-PARTYID: Recode of party id (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat13933.1
2) Independent13031.0
3) Republican13732.6
4) Other party143.3
Missing26 
TOTAL420100.0
181) I-RELIGION: What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK:] What denomination? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist439.8
2) Other Protestant14733.6
3) Catholic13831.5
4) Jewish173.9
5) Other4610.5
6) None4710.7
Missing8 
TOTAL438100.0
182) I-RACE: What race do you consider yourself? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White40491.4
2) Black/African-American225.0
3) Native American/Indian30.7
4) Other132.9
Missing4 
TOTAL442100.0