Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Southern Focus Polls > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent's number (RESPID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4055672.691391
2) State being called (STATE)
TOTAL%
3) Arizona133.2
5) California6115.1
6) Colorado102.5
7) Connecticut61.5
8) Delaware20.5
9) District of Columbia20.5
13) Idaho51.2
14) Illinois235.7
15) Indiana164.0
16) Iowa82.0
17) Kansas71.7
20) Maine41.0
21) Maryland194.7
22) Massachusetts82.0
23) Michigan174.2
24) Minnesota102.5
26) Missouri71.7
27) Montana30.7
28) Nebraska41.0
29) Nevada30.7
31) New Jersey245.9
32) New Mexico10.2
33) New York297.2
35) North Dakota20.5
36) Ohio286.9
38) Oregon112.7
39) Pennsylvania338.1
40) Rhode Island30.7
42) South Dakota20.5
45) Utah51.2
46) Vermont20.5
48) Washington204.9
49) West Virginia61.5
50) Wisconsin102.5
51) Wyoming10.2
TOTAL405100.0
3) In which year were you born? (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL4051952.30419
4) Just for the record, would you say that your community is in the South, or not? (COMSOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1438.9
2) No2055.6
3) Don't know/No answer25.6
Missing369 
TOTAL36100.0
5) Not counting time spent away at school and for other temporary reasons, have you lived in the South all your life or not? [IF NO, THEN ASK:] How long have you lived in the South. (LIVESOU)
TOTAL%
3) More than 10 years214.3
4) All my life1071.4
5) Don't know/No answer214.3
Missing391 
TOTAL14100.0
6) Have you ever traveled or visited outside the South? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "ALL MY LIFE" TO LIVESOU] (TRAVOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes990.0
2) No110.0
Missing395 
TOTAL10100.0
7) Have you ever lived in a Southern state? [ASKED OF NON-SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS ONLY] (SOULIV)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8523.0
2) No28376.7
3) Don't know/No answer10.3
Missing36 
TOTAL369100.0
8) Have you ever traveled or visited in the South? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "NO" OR "DON'T KNOW/NO ANSWER" TO SOULIV] (TRAVIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20371.5
2) No7927.8
3) Don't know/No answer20.7
Missing121 
TOTAL284100.0
9) Which state did you live in when you were 16? (STATE16)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama10.2
3) Arizona82.0
4) Arkansas10.2
5) California5012.3
6) Colorado41.0
7) Connecticut61.5
8) Delaware30.7
9) District of Columbia10.2
10) Florida20.5
11) Georgia20.5
13) Idaho61.5
14) Illinois256.2
15) Indiana164.0
16) Iowa82.0
17) Kansas82.0
18) Kentucky10.2
19) Louisiana10.2
20) Maine30.7
21) Maryland123.0
22) Massachusetts71.7
23) Michigan174.2
24) Minnesota153.7
26) Missouri30.7
27) Montana41.0
28) Nebraska41.0
29) Nevada20.5
30) New Hampshire30.7
31) New Jersey225.4
32) New Mexico20.5
33) New York399.6
34) North Carolina30.7
35) North Dakota30.7
36) Ohio297.2
37) Oklahoma51.2
38) Oregon102.5
39) Pennsylvania276.7
40) Rhode Island20.5
42) South Dakota10.2
44) Texas51.2
45) Utah20.5
46) Vermont10.2
48) Washington112.7
49) West Virginia71.7
50) Wisconsin92.2
51) Wyoming10.2
52) Foreign country133.2
TOTAL405100.0
10) Do you consider yourself or anyone in your family a Southerner? [ASKED OF NON-SOUTHERN RESPONDENTS ONLY] (SOUFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, self143.5
2) Yes, family5814.3
3) Yes, both164.0
4) No31477.5
5) Don't know/No answer30.7
TOTAL405100.0
11) Would you say that being a Southerner is very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important to you? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "YES" TO SOUTHERN, "YES, SELF" TO SOUFAM, OR "YES, BOTH SELF AND FAMILY" TO SOUFAM] (SIDIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Very important723.3
2) Somewhat important1550.0
3) Not very important516.7
4) Not at all important310.0
Missing375 
TOTAL30100.0
12) Do you live in a city, a suburban community, a small town, or a rural area? (LIVEWH)
TOTAL%
1) City14435.6
2) Suburbs9623.7
3) Small town11327.9
4) Rural area5112.6
5) Refused/Not sure10.2
TOTAL405100.0
13) Gender of respondent (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male17743.7
2) Female22856.3
TOTAL405100.0
14) How many years of school have you completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
2) 2nd grade10.2
4) 4th grade20.5
6) 6th grade20.5
7) 7th grade30.7
8) 8th grade10.2
9) 9th grade30.7
10) 10th grade30.7
11) 11th grade112.7
12) 12th grade (High school)11227.7
13) Some college (Two-year degree)12029.6
14) 4-year college graduate9623.7
15) Advanced degree (M.A., Ph.D., LL.D., M.D.)5012.3
16) No answer10.2
TOTAL405100.0
15) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week327.9
2) Once a week11829.1
3) Two to three times a month6115.1
4) Several times a year10124.9
5) Never8821.7
6) Refused51.2
TOTAL405100.0
16) How important would you say your religious faith is in your own life these days—extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not important? (RELIGIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important13132.3
2) Very important13533.3
3) Somewhat important9724.0
4) Not important368.9
5) Don't know/No answer61.5
TOTAL405100.0
17) What is your religious affiliation? Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELAFFL)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant19347.7
2) Catholic12330.4
3) Jewish143.5
4) Some other religion (Specify)235.7
5) No religion (Not religious/agnostic/atheist)338.1
6) Christian or just a Christian (volunteered)143.5
7) Don't know/No answer51.2
TOTAL405100.0
18) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO SAID THEY BELONGED TO SOME OTHER RELIGION] What other religion are you? Does your religion include any of the following words: Anglican, Lutheran, Adventist, Methodist, Apostolic, Nazarene, Baptist, Non-Denominational, Bible, Pentecostal, Born-Again, Presbyterian, Christ/Christian, Prophetic, Church of God, Quaker/Friends, Episcopalian, Seventh-Day Adventist, Greek/Serb Orthodox, Holiness? (RELAFCHK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, other RELAFFL response has "Protestant terms."4365.2
2) No, other RELAFFL response does not have "Protestant terms."2334.8
Missing339 
TOTAL66100.0
19) With what church denomination, if any, are you most closely affiliated? [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "PROTESTANT" TO RELAFFL, "CHRISTIAN OR JUST A CHRISTIAN" TO RELAFFL, OR WERE CODED AS "YES" IN RELAFCHK] (DENOM)
TOTAL%
12) Assembly of God41.9
13) Baptist3516.9
14) Brethren10.5
15) Catholic10.5
16) Charismatic10.5
17) "Christian" or "Just Christian"94.3
18) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.5
19) Christian Science10.5
20) Church(es) of Christ21.0
23) Congregationalist10.5
24) Disciples of Christ10.5
25) Episcopalian/Anglican/Church of England83.9
27) Evangelical Free Church10.5
28) Four Square10.5
30) Holiness31.4
32) Jehovah's Witness10.5
33) "Just Protestant"21.0
34) Lutheran3115.0
36) Methodist3717.9
37) Mormon/Latter-Day Saints41.9
38) Non/Inter-Denominational Protestant115.3
39) Pentecostal31.4
40) Presbyterian146.8
41) Quaker/Friends10.5
42) Reformed10.5
46) United Church of Christ (UCC)21.0
47) Wesleyan Church10.5
48) Other (Specify)136.3
49) Don't know10.5
52) None (not affiliated with a church)157.2
Missing198 
TOTAL207100.0
20) With which Baptist group is your church associated? Is it Southern Baptist Convention, the American Baptist Churches in the USA, the American Baptist Association, the National Baptist Convention USA, an independent Baptist church, or some other Baptist group? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "BAPTIST" TO DENOM] (DBAPTIST)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association514.3
11) American Baptist USA411.4
15) Conservative Baptist Association of America12.9
19) Independent Baptist (no denominational ties)617.1
20) Missionary Baptist12.9
25) Southern Baptist822.9
26) Other (Specify)12.9
27) Don't know/"Just Baptist"925.7
Missing370 
TOTAL35100.0
21) Is that the United Methodist Church, African Methodist Episcopal Church, the Free Methodist Church, or some other Methodist group? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "METHODIST" TO DENOM] (DMETHDST)
TOTAL%
3) Free Methodist Church38.1
4) United Methodist3183.8
5) Other (Specify)25.4
6) Don't know/"Just Methodist"12.7
Missing368 
TOTAL37100.0
22) Is that the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., the Presbyterian Church in America, the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, or some other Presbyterian group? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "PRESBYTERIAN" TO DENOM] (DPRESBY)
TOTAL%
4) Presbyterian Church in the USA (PCUSA)964.3
5) Other (Specify)214.3
6) Don't know/"Just Presbyterian"321.4
Missing391 
TOTAL14100.0
23) Is that the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Missouri Synod, the Wisconsin Synod, or some other Lutheran group? ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "LUTHERAN" TO DENOM] (DLUTHRAN)
TOTAL%
1) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA; formerly the Lutheran Church in America, American Lutheran Church)1341.9
2) Missouri Synod619.4
3) Wisconsin Synod13.2
4) Other (Specify)26.5
5) Don't know/"Just Lutheran"929.0
Missing374 
TOTAL31100.0
24) Is that the Christian Reformed Church, the Reformed Church in America, or some other Reformed group? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "REFORMED" TO DENOM] (DREFORMD)
TOTAL%
2) Reformed Church in America (RCA)1100.0
Missing404 
TOTAL1100.0
25) Is that the Church of the Brethren, the Plymouth Brethren, United Brethren in Christ, or some other Brethren group? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "BRETHREN" TO DENOM] (DBRETHRN)
TOTAL%
4) Other (Specify)1100.0
Missing404 
TOTAL1100.0
26) Is that the United Church of Christ or just a Congregational church? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "CONGREGATIONALIST" TO DENOM] (DUCC)
TOTAL%
2) Just Congregational1100.0
Missing404 
TOTAL1100.0
27) When you say "Christian," does that mean the denomination called the "Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)," or some other Christian denomination, or do you mean to say "I am just a Christian?" [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "CHRISTIAN" OR "JUST CHRISTIAN" TO DENOM] (DDISCIPL)
TOTAL%
1) Disciples of Christ222.2
2) "Just a Christian"777.8
Missing396 
TOTAL9100.0
28) Is that the Church of Christ or the United Church of Christ? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "CHURCH(ES) OF CHRIST" TO DENOM] (DCHRIST)
TOTAL%
1) Church(es) of Christ2100.0
Missing403 
TOTAL2100.0
29) Is that the Christian and Missionary Alliance, the Church of the Nazarene, the Salvation Army, the Wesleyan Church, the Free Methodist Church, the Church of God (Anderson, IN), or some other Holiness group? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "HOLINESS" TO DENOM] (DHOLINES)
TOTAL%
7) Other (Specify)133.3
8) Don't know; "Just Holiness"266.7
Missing402 
TOTAL3100.0
30) Is that a charismatic church associated with any denomination, a Pentecostal church, or a non-denominational charismatic church? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "CHARISMATIC" TO DENOM] (DCHARIS)
TOTAL%
2) Pentecostal1100.0
Missing404 
TOTAL1100.0
31) What kind of church is that? What is it called exactly? Is that part of a larger church or denomination? What is that church called? NOTE: Asked of respondents who answered "Pentecostal" to DENOM or DCHARIS. Open ended-responses of those who answered "Other" are coded in the data set as OTHPENTE. (DPENTE)
TOTAL%
10) Apostolic Pentecostal125.0
20) Pentecostal Holiness Church125.0
23) Other (Specify)125.0
24) Don't know/"Just Pentecostal"125.0
Missing401 
TOTAL4100.0
32) Does your church have any denominational affiliation at all? [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "JUST PROTESTANT" TO DENOM] (DANY)
TOTAL%
3) Don't know2100.0
Missing403 
TOTAL2100.0
33) Is that an independent fundamentalist church, independent charismatic church, independent Pentecostal church, independent evangelical church, or what?: [ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "INDEPENDENT" OR "NON/INTER-DENOMINATIONAL" TO DENOM] (DINDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Independent Fundamentalist436.4
2) Independent Charismatic19.1
3) Independent Pentecostal19.1
4) Independent Evangelical19.1
5) Other (specify)19.1
6) Don't know/"Just independent"327.3
Missing394 
TOTAL11100.0
34) When it comes to your religious faith, would you say you are Pentecostal, fundamentalist, evangelical, mainline Protestant, or theologically liberal? [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "PROTESTANT" OR "CHRISTIAN OR JUST CHRISTIAN" TO RELAFFL AND DID NOT ANSWER "CHRISTIAN SCIENCE," "CATHOLIC," "ROMAN CATHOLIC," OR "NOT RELIGIOUS" TO RELAFCHK] (RELID97S)
TOTAL%
1) Pentecostal178.3
2) Fundamentalist157.3
3) Evangelical3115.1
4) Mainline Protestant4823.4
5) Theologically liberal3718.0
6) Other (specify)42.0
7) None of the above209.8
8) Don't know/No answer3316.1
Missing200 
TOTAL205100.0
35) Do you consider yourself a traditionalist Catholic, a progressive Catholic, or none of these? [ASKED OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "CATHOLIC" TO RELAFFL AND OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "CATHOLIC" OR "ROMAN CATHOLIC" TO RELAFCHK] (RELCATH)
TOTAL%
1) Traditionalist3528.2
2) Progressive3225.8
3) None of these4637.1
4) Other (Specify)43.2
5) Don't know/No Answer75.6
Missing281 
TOTAL124100.0
36) Are you currently married, divorced, separated, widowed, or single? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married21753.6
2) Divorced5313.1
3) Separated92.2
4) Widowed348.4
5) Single9022.2
6) No answer20.5
TOTAL405100.0
37) Are you a parent? (PARENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29673.1
2) No10926.9
TOTAL405100.0
38) Last week were you primarily working full-time, working part-time, going to school, keeping house, retired, unemployed, or what? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time23257.3
2) Working part-time389.4
3) Going to school317.7
4) Keeping house235.7
5) Retired6716.5
6) Unemployed30.7
7) Or what92.2
8) No answer20.5
TOTAL405100.0
39) What about your wife/husband? Last week was he/she working full-time, working part-time, going to school, keeping house, retired, unemployed, or what? [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "MARRIED" TO MARTIAL] (HWEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time14165.0
2) Working part-time188.3
3) Going to school10.5
4) Keeping house146.5
5) Retired3616.6
6) Unemployed31.4
7) Or what?41.8
Missing188 
TOTAL217100.0
40) I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes. (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000204.9
2) $10,000 up to $19,999307.4
3) $20,000 up to $29,9994310.6
4) $30,000 up to $39,9995012.3
5) $40,000 up to $49,9994611.4
6) $50,000 up to $59,999399.6
7) More than $60,0009623.7
8) No answer8120.0
TOTAL405100.0
41) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE94)
TOTAL%
1) White/Caucasian32780.7
2) Black112.7
3) African-American174.2
5) Native American/American Indian10.2
6) Asian/Oriental71.7
7) Other or mixed (specify)399.6
8) No answer30.7
TOTAL405100.0
42) As far as you know, were any of your ancestors American Indians? [Not asked of respondents who answered "Native American/Indian"] (AMERIND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, were8821.7
2) No, were not30074.1
3) Don't know174.2
TOTAL405100.0
43) Are you of Hispanic origin? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Hispanic225.4
2) No, not Hispanic38194.1
3) Don't know/No answer20.5
TOTAL405100.0
44) How many people under 18 live in this house? (CHILD18)
TOTAL%
0) 24861.2
1) 5212.8
2) 6716.5
3) 307.4
4) 51.2
5) 10.2
6) 10.2
7) 10.2
TOTAL405100.0
45) How many of those are under 12 years old? (CHILD12)
TOTAL%
0) 3924.8
1) 5836.9
2) 4025.5
3) 159.6
4) 42.5
5) 10.6
Missing248 
TOTAL157100.0
46) Including yourself, how many people 18 or older live at this telephone number? (PEOPLE)
TOTAL%
1) 110626.2
2) 221954.1
3) 34511.1
4) 4307.4
5) 520.5
12) Refused30.7
TOTAL405100.0
47) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican12731.4
2) Democrat13533.3
3) Independent9924.4
4) Other266.4
5) Don't know/No answer184.4
TOTAL405100.0
48) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS DEMOCRATS] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not very strong Democrat? (STRDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat7454.8
2) Not very strong Democrat5742.2
3) Don't know/No answer43.0
Missing270 
TOTAL135100.0
49) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO THINK OF THEMSELVES AS REPUBLICAN]Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not very strong Republican? (STRREP)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Republican6954.3
2) Not very strong Republican5543.3
3) Don't know/No answer32.4
Missing278 
TOTAL127100.0
50) [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ARE INDEPENDENT] Do you usually think of yourself as closer to the Republican party or as closer to the Democratic party? (INDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Closer to Republican Party3636.4
2) Closer to Democratic Party3232.3
3) Don't know/No answer/Neither3131.3
Missing306 
TOTAL99100.0
51) In general, when it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, a moderate, or what? (LIBCON)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal9022.2
2) Moderate (middle of the road)11929.4
3) Conservative11829.1
4) Never think of self in these terms (no preference)358.6
5) Don't know297.2
6) No answer92.2
7) Respondent insists that he/she has no understanding of these terms51.2
TOTAL405100.0
52) [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO IDENTIFY AS LIBERAL] Do you consider yourself a very strong liberal or a not very strong liberal? (STRLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal3741.1
2) Not very strong liberal5055.6
3) Don't know33.3
Missing315 
TOTAL90100.0
53) [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO IDENTIFY AS CONSERVATIVE] Do you consider yourself a very strong conservative or a not very strong conservative? (STRCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strong conservative7059.3
2) Not very strong conservative4336.4
3) Don't know32.5
4) No answer21.7
Missing287 
TOTAL118100.0
54) [ASKED ON OF RESPONDENTS WHO IDENTIFY AS MODERATE] Do you think of yourself as more like a liberal or more like a conservative? (MODERATE)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal3731.1
2) Neither (respondent refused to choose)1512.6
3) More conservative6050.4
4) Don't know54.2
5) No answer21.7
Missing286 
TOTAL119100.0
55) There's been a lot of talk these days about race relations, and it's important to know how people really feel about these things. Are you in favor of integration of the races, strict segregation, or something in-between? (SEGREGAT)
TOTAL%
1) Integration28570.4
2) Segregation51.2
3) Something in between8320.5
4) Don't know/No answer327.9
TOTAL405100.0
56) The next few questions are about the South. Overall, what kind of effect do you think racial integration has had on the quality of life in the South? Has integration generally had a positive effect, a negative effect, or not made much difference? (INTEGRA)
TOTAL%
1) Positive19748.6
2) Negative409.9
3) Not much difference7017.3
4) Both (volunteered)133.2
5) Don't know/No answer8521.0
TOTAL405100.0
57) Do you think opportunities for minorities are better in the South than in other parts of the country, worse, or about the same? (SOUMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Better in the South368.9
2) Worse in the South12129.9
3) About the same14535.8
4) Don't know/No answer10325.4
TOTAL405100.0
58) In general, do you think race relations are better in the South than elsewhere in the United States, worse in the South, or about the same as in the rest of the country? (RACESOU)
TOTAL%
1) Better in the South194.7
2) Worse in the South13433.1
3) About the same16039.5
4) Don't know/No answer9222.7
TOTAL405100.0
59) Now, a question about your local community, that is, within a couple of miles from your home. How long have you lived in your community? (COMLVYRS)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 5 year10525.9
2) 5 to 9 years5714.1
3) 10 to 19 years7117.5
4) 20 years or more17142.2
5) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL405100.0
60) Over the past 10 years, has the African-American population in your local community, that is, within a couple of miles from your home, increased, decreased, or stayed about the same? [IF RESPONDENT SAYS THEY HAVEN'T LIVED IN COMMUNITY LONG ENOUGH TO KNOW, ASK "FROM WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT THE COMMUNITY, WOULD YOU SAY THE AFRICAN- AMERICAN POPULATION HAS INCREASED, DECREASED, OR STAYED ABOUT THE SAME?"] (AFPOP)
TOTAL%
1) Increased13043.3
2) Decreased72.3
3) Stayed the same15150.3
4) Don't know/No answer124.0
Missing105 
TOTAL300100.0
61) Would you say it has increased just a little, quite a lot, or something in between? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "INCREASED" TO AFPOP] (AFPOPI)
TOTAL%
1) Just a little6550.0
2) Quite a lot2922.3
3) Something in between3526.9
4) Don't know/No answer10.8
Missing275 
TOTAL130100.0
62) Would you say it has decreased just a little, quite a lot, or something in between? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "DECREASED" TO AFPOP] (AFPOPD)
TOTAL%
1) Just a little457.1
2) Quite a lot228.6
3) Something in between114.3
Missing398 
TOTAL7100.0
63) And what about the Hispanic population? That is, Mexican or other Latin American. Over the past 10 years, has the Hispanic population in your local community, increased, decreased, or stayed about the same? [IF RESPONDENT SAYS THEY HAVEN'T LIVED IN COMMUNITY LONG ENOUGH TO KNOW, ASK "FROM WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT THE COMMUNITY, WOULD YOU SAY THE HISPANIC POPULATION HAS INCREASED, DECREASED, OR STAYED ABOUT THE SAME?"] (HSPOP)
TOTAL%
1) Increased15652.0
2) Decreased20.7
3) Stayed about the same12541.7
4) Don't know/No answer175.7
Missing105 
TOTAL300100.0
64) Would you say it has increased just a little, quite a lot, or something in between? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "INCREASED" TO HSPOP] (HSPOPI)
TOTAL%
1) Just a little6742.9
2) Quite a lot5535.3
3) Something in between3119.9
4) Don't know/No answer31.9
Missing249 
TOTAL156100.0
65) Would you say it has decreased just a little, quite a lot, or something in between? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "DECREASED" TO HSPOP] (HSPOPD)
TOTAL%
1) Just a little150.0
3) Something in between150.0
Missing403 
TOTAL2100.0
66) And what about the Asian population? Over the past 10 years, would you say the Asian population in your local community, has increased, decreased, or stayed about the same? [IF RESPONDENT SAYS THEY HAVEN'T LIVED IN COMMUNITY LONG ENOUGH TO KNOW, ASK "FROM WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT THE COMMUNITY, WOULD YOU SAY THE ASIAN POPULATION HAS INCREASED, DECREASED, OR STAYED ABOUT THE SAME?"] (ASPOP)
TOTAL%
1) Increased13846.0
2) Decreased20.7
3) Stayed the about same13846.0
4) Don't know/No answer227.3
Missing105 
TOTAL300100.0
67) Would you say it has increased just a little, quite a lot, or something in between? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "INCREASED" TO ASPOP] (ASPOPI)
TOTAL%
1) Just a little6144.2
2) Quite a lot3928.3
3) Something in between3424.6
4) Don't know/No answer42.9
Missing267 
TOTAL138100.0
68) Would you say it has decreased just a little, quite a lot, or something in between? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "DECREASED" TO ASPOP] (ASPOPD)
TOTAL%
2) Quite a lot150.0
3) Something in between150.0
Missing403 
TOTAL2100.0
69) Overall, would you say that over the past 10 years, your community has become more ethnically and racially mixed, less ethnically and racially mixed, or has it stayed pretty much the same? [IF RESPONDENT SAYS THEY HAVEN'T LIVED IN COMMUNITY LONG ENOUGH TO KNOW, ASK "FROM WHAT YOU KNOW ABOUT THE COMMUNITY, WOULD YOU SAY THAT YOUR COMMUNITY HAS BECOME MORE ETHNICALLY AND RACIALLY MIXED, LESS ETHNICALLY AND RACIALLY MIXED--OR HAS IT STAYED PRETTY MUCH THE SAME?"] (RCMIX)
TOTAL%
1) More mixed17157.0
2) Less mixed31.0
3) Stayed the same12140.3
4) Don't know/No answer51.7
Missing105 
TOTAL300100.0
70) Would you say that it has become much more mixed, somewhat more mixed, or a little more ethnically and racially mixed? [NOTE: ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "MORE MIXED" TO RCMIX] (RCMIXI)
TOTAL%
1) Much more4425.7
2) Somewhat more7040.9
3) A little more5632.7
4) Don't know/No answer10.6
Missing234 
TOTAL171100.0
71) Would you say that it has become much less mixed, somewhat less mixed, or a little less ethnically and racially mixed? [NOTE: ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "LESS MIXED" TO RCMIX] (RCMIXD)
TOTAL%
1) Much more133.3
2) Somewhat more133.3
3) A little more133.3
Missing402 
TOTAL3100.0
72) Overall, would you say that increasing ethnic and racial diversity in your community—that is, within a couple of miles from your home—is a good thing for your community, a bad thing, or does it not make much difference? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "MUCH MORE" OR "SOMEWHAT MORE" TO RCMIXI] (MIXIGOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing6557.0
2) Bad thing1311.4
3) Does not make much difference3429.8
4) Don't know/No answer21.8
Missing291 
TOTAL114100.0
73) Overall, would you say that decreasing ethnic and racial diversity in your community—that is, within a couple of miles from your home—is a good thing for your community, a bad thing, or does it not make much difference? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO ANSWERED "MUCH LESS" OR "SOMEWHAT LESS" TO RCMIXD]D (MIXDGOOD)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing150.0
2) Bad thing150.0
Missing403 
TOTAL2100.0
74) Would you agree or disagree that having children learn about cultural diversity is a good way to help eliminate racism? (TCHDIV)
TOTAL%
1) Agree37291.9
2) Disagree174.2
3) Don't know/No answer164.0
TOTAL405100.0
75) Some employers have what are called "diversity programs" that are designed to help employees understand and get along with people who are racially and ethnically different from themselves. Does your employer have such a program? [ASKED ONLY IF RESPONDENT ANSWERED "WORKING FULL-TIME" OR "WORKING-PART TIME" IN EMPLOYED] (DPRO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8130.0
2) No15055.6
3) Self-employed (volunteered)145.2
4) Don't know/No answer259.3
Missing135 
TOTAL270100.0
76) How would you rate your company's diversity program? Would you say it is excellent, good, fair, or poor? [ASKED ONLY IF RESPONDENT ANSWERED "YES" TO DPRO] (DPRORATE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent3037.0
2) Good2935.8
3) Fair911.1
4) Poor67.4
5) Don't know/No answer78.6
Missing324 
TOTAL81100.0
77) Have you participated in that program? [ASKED ONLY IF RESPONDENT ANSWERED "YES" TO DRPO] (DPROPART)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5567.9
2) No2227.2
3) Don't know/No answer44.9
Missing324 
TOTAL81100.0
78) I'd like to know about your employer's efforts to hire minority employees. Do you feel that your employer has been doing too much, too little, or about the right amount to hire minority employees? [NOT ASKED IF RESPONDENT IS NOT EMPLOYED FULL-TIME OR PART TIME, OR IF HE/SHE RESPONDED "SELF EMPLOYED" IN DPRO] (HIREMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Too much176.6
2) Too little3212.5
3) About the right amount17668.8
4) Don't know/No answer3112.1
Missing149 
TOTAL256100.0
79) Do you agree or disagree that affirmative action programs for women and minorities often result in reverse discrimination against white men? (AAREVERS)
TOTAL%
1) Agree17643.5
2) Disagree15137.3
3) Don't know/No answer7819.3
TOTAL405100.0
80) Think about your own neighborhood—that is, the homes near your own. How many of the people living in your neighborhood are the same race as you? All of them, more than half, about half, less than half, or none of them? (NEIGSAME)
TOTAL%
1) All of them10024.7
2) More than half18345.2
3) About half5212.8
4) Less than half5714.1
5) None61.5
6) Don't know/No answer71.7
TOTAL405100.0
81) What would you consider the ideal racial composition of your neighborhood—that is, how many of your neighbors would you prefer to be of the same race as you? All of them, more than half, about half, less than half, none of them, or does it not make any difference to you? (NEIGIDLV)
TOTAL%
1) All of them164.0
2) More than half286.9
3) About half327.9
4) Less than half133.2
5) None10.2
6) Doesn't make any difference/No preference30976.3
7) Don't know/No answer61.5
TOTAL405100.0
82) Do any people who are not the same race as you attend your church or place of worship? [NOT ASKED IF RESPONDENT SAID HE/SHE NEVER ATTENDED RELIGIOUS SERVICES IN RELIG, OR REFUSED TO ANSWER RELIG] (MIXCHR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22772.8
2) No6821.8
3) Don't know/No answer175.4
Missing93 
TOTAL312100.0
83) Now, think about your family. Has any member of your family ever married a person of another race? (MIXMARY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes14235.1
2) No25964.0
3) Don't know/No answer41.0
TOTAL405100.0
84) Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would disapprove4410.9
2) Wouldn't make any difference (would not disapprove)31878.5
3) Would depend on person or race286.9
4) Don't know/No answer153.7
TOTAL405100.0
85) Has any member of your family ever dated a person of another race? (MIXDATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24259.8
2) No14435.6
3) Don't know/No answer194.7
TOTAL405100.0
86) When you yourself were dating, would your parents have objected if you dated someone of a different race? (OBJPARNT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would have objected21853.8
2) No, would not have objected14435.6
3) Would have depended on person or race (volunteered)174.2
4) Don't know/Never dated/No answer266.4
TOTAL405100.0
87) Would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would disapprove4611.4
2) Wouldn't make any difference (would not disapprove)32079.0
3) Would have depended on person or race [volunteered]338.1
4) Don't know/Never dated/No answer61.5
TOTAL405100.0
88) Has any member of your family ever adopted a child? (ADOPT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11227.7
2) No29272.1
3) Don't know/No answer10.2
TOTAL405100.0
89) Has any member of your family ever adopted a child of another race? [ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED "YES" TO ADOPT] (ADOPTMIX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4439.3
2) No6658.9
3) Don't know/No answer21.8
Missing293 
TOTAL112100.0
90) Would you disapprove if a member of your family adopted a child of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJADOPT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would disapprove184.4
2) Wouldn't make any difference (would not disapprove)37893.3
3) Would depend on person or race (volunteered)41.0
4) Don't know/No answer51.2
TOTAL405100.0
91) Do you think that a child whose mother is one race and whose father is another race is likely to face unique problems in life, or not? (MIXPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, will face problems31377.3
2) No, no unique problems6917.0
3) Don't know/No answer/It depends235.7
TOTAL405100.0
92) I'd like to know how comfortable you generally feel interacting with people whose race is different from your own. In general, would you say you are very comfortable, pretty comfortable, pretty uncomfortable, or very uncomfortable? (MIXCOMF)
TOTAL%
1) Very comfortable21653.3
2) Pretty comfortable16841.5
3) Pretty uncomfortable112.7
5) Don't know/Don't interact/No answer102.5
TOTAL405100.0
93) As you have grown older, would you say your views about race relations have become more conservative, more liberal, or stayed about the same? (RRSELF)
TOTAL%
1) More conservative317.7
2) More liberal13633.6
3) Stayed about the same22956.5
4) Don't know/No answer92.2
TOTAL405100.0
94) Would you say that your children's views about race relations are more conservative, more liberal, or about the same as your own? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS PARENTS IN PARENT] (RRKIDS)
TOTAL%
1) More conservative134.4
2) More liberal7324.7
3) About the same as own16254.7
4) Kids too young to have views (volunteered)268.8
5) Don't know/No answer227.4
Missing109 
TOTAL296100.0
95) What name do you generally prefer for your race? Black or African-American? [ASKED ONLY OF THOSE WHO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES AS "BLACK," "AFRICAN-AMERICAN," OR "NEGRO, COLORED, ETC." IN RACE94] (RNMPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Black828.6
2) African-American1553.6
3) Neither/Something else (volunteered)27.1
4) Don't know/Don't care/No answer310.7
Missing377 
TOTAL28100.0
96) Finally, do you agree or disagree that the South is better off as part of the United States than it would be as a separate country? (NOTSEP)
TOTAL%
1) Agree36389.6
2) Disagree164.0
3) Don't know/No answer266.4
TOTAL405100.0
97) Code respondent's accent (ACCENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Southern accent71.7
2) Detectable Southern accent, but not strong276.7
3) No Southern accent37191.6
TOTAL405100.0
98) Verify the state of the respondent you interviewed (STCHK1)
TOTAL%
3) Arizona133.2
5) California6115.1
6) Colorado102.5
7) Connecticut61.5
8) Delaware20.5
9) District of Columbia20.5
13) Idaho51.2
14) Illinois235.7
15) Indiana164.0
16) Iowa82.0
17) Kansas71.7
20) Maine41.0
21) Maryland194.7
22) Massachusetts82.0
23) Michigan174.2
24) Minnesota102.5
26) Missouri71.7
27) Montana30.7
28) Nebraska41.0
29) Nevada30.7
31) New Jersey245.9
32) New Mexico10.2
33) New York297.2
35) North Dakota20.5
36) Ohio286.9
38) Oregon112.7
39) Pennsylvania338.1
40) Rhode Island30.7
42) South Dakota20.5
45) Utah51.2
46) Vermont20.5
48) Washington204.9
49) West Virginia61.5
50) Wisconsin102.5
51) Wyoming10.2
TOTAL405100.0
99) Code for the respondent's county (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL403121.98232
100) In which county do you now live? If respondent lives in Louisiana, in which parish do you now live? [NOT ASKED OF RESPONDENTS IN WASHINGTON D.C.] (COUNTYX)
101) Origin of sample: North/South/AAOS (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
2) North405100.0
TOTAL405100.0
102) Test to verify sample origin (REGSTATE)
TOTAL%
2) Non-Southern state residence405100.0
TOTAL405100.0
103) Age of respondent (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL40566.496142
104) Recode of AGE in categories (AGECAT)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 24 years old4511.1
2) 25 to 44 years old15939.3
3) 45 to 64 years old13132.3
4) 65 years or older6115.1
5) Don't know/Refused92.2
TOTAL405100.0
105) Respondent's race (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White32780.7
2) Black/African-American286.9
3) Native American/American Indian10.2
4) Other4611.4
5) No answer30.7
TOTAL405100.0
106) Interview's length in categories (RCMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Less 15 minutes36991.3
2) 15-19 minutes235.7
3) 20-29 minutes123.0
Missing1 
TOTAL404100.0
107) Old code for US States (STATCALL)
TOTAL%
14) Delaware20.5
15) District of Columbia20.5
16) Maryland194.7
17) Missouri71.7
18) West Virginia61.5
20) Arizona133.2
21) California6115.1
22) Colorado102.5
23) Connecticut61.5
25) Idaho51.2
26) Illinois235.7
27) Indiana164.0
28) Iowa82.0
29) Kansas71.7
30) Maine41.0
31) Massachusetts82.0
32) Michigan174.2
33) Minnesota102.5
34) Montana30.7
35) Nebraska41.0
36) Nevada30.7
38) New Jersey245.9
39) New Mexico10.2
40) New York297.2
41) North Dakota20.5
42) Ohio286.9
43) Oregon112.7
44) Pennsylvania338.1
45) Rhode Island30.7
46) South Dakota20.5
47) Utah51.2
48) Vermont20.5
49) Washington204.9
50) Wisconsin102.5
51) Wyoming10.2
TOTAL405100.0
108) Recode of STATE16 to FIPS codes (STAT16FP)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama10.2
4) Arizona82.0
5) Arkansas10.2
6) California5012.3
8) Colorado41.0
9) Connecticut61.5
10) Delaware30.7
11) District of Columbia10.2
12) Florida20.5
13) Georgia20.5
16) Idaho61.5
17) Illinois256.2
18) Indiana164.0
19) Iowa82.0
20) Kansas82.0
21) Kentucky10.2
22) Louisiana10.2
23) Maine30.7
24) Maryland123.0
25) Massachusetts71.7
26) Michigan174.2
27) Minnesota153.7
29) Missouri30.7
30) Montana41.0
31) Nebraska41.0
32) Nevada20.5
33) New Hampshire30.7
34) New Jersey225.4
35) New Mexico20.5
36) New York399.6
37) North Carolina30.7
38) North Dakota30.7
39) Ohio297.2
40) Oklahoma51.2
41) Oregon102.5
42) Pennsylvania276.7
44) Rhode Island20.5
46) South Dakota10.2
48) Texas51.2
49) Utah20.5
50) Vermont10.2
53) Washington112.7
54) West Virginia71.7
55) Wisconsin92.2
56) Wyoming10.2
77) Foreign country133.2
TOTAL405100.0
109) Gallup Organization Regionalization (GALREG)
TOTAL%
2) New England235.7
3) East Central8420.7
4) West Central5012.3
5) Mountain States4110.1
6) Middle Atlantic11528.4
7) Pacific Coast9222.7
TOTAL405100.0
110) Atlanta Journal Constitution Regionalization (AJCREGN)
TOTAL%
2) Northeast13834.1
3) Midwest13433.1
4) Far West13332.8
TOTAL405100.0
111) Educational attainment (GRADE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 9th grade92.2
2) 9th to 11th grade174.2
3) High school graduate11227.7
4) Some college12029.6
5) College graduate or more14636.0
6) No answer10.2
TOTAL405100.0
112) Liberal/Conservative recode (LCRECODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal379.1
2) Not strong liberal5313.1
3) Moderate liberal379.1
4) Moderate225.4
5) Moderate conservative6014.8
6) Not strong conservative4811.9
7) Strong conservative7017.3
8) No preference358.6
9) Don't know/No answer4310.6
TOTAL405100.0
113) Residence in Deep South (DEEPSOU)
TOTAL%
3) Non-South405100.0
TOTAL405100.0
114) Residence North/South (RESIDENT)
TOTAL%
1) South215.4
2) Border266.6
3) Non-South34588.0
Missing13 
TOTAL392100.0
115) Recode for PARTYID (PIDRCODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat7418.3
2) Not very strong Democrat6115.1
3) Independent, close to Democrat327.9
4) Independent317.7
5) Independent, close to Republican368.9
6) Not very strong Republican5814.3
7) Strong Republican6917.0
8) Other party266.4
9) Don't know/No answer184.4
TOTAL405100.0
116) States FIPS codes (STATEFPS)
TOTAL%
4) Arizona133.2
6) California6115.1
8) Colorado102.5
9) Connecticut61.5
10) Delaware20.5
11) District of Columbia20.5
16) Idaho51.2
17) Illinois235.7
18) Indiana164.0
19) Iowa82.0
20) Kansas71.7
23) Maine41.0
24) Maryland194.7
25) Massachusetts82.0
26) Michigan174.2
27) Minnesota102.5
29) Missouri71.7
30) Montana30.7
31) Nebraska41.0
32) Nevada30.7
34) New Jersey245.9
35) New Mexico10.2
36) New York297.2
38) North Dakota20.5
39) Ohio286.9
41) Oregon112.7
42) Pennsylvania338.1
44) Rhode Island30.7
46) South Dakota20.5
49) Utah51.2
50) Vermont20.5
53) Washington204.9
54) West Virginia61.5
55) Wisconsin102.5
56) Wyoming10.2
TOTAL405100.0
117) State-county FIPS codes (numeric) (STCNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37827347.08515326
118) Respondent's religious preference (FAITH97X)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist358.6
2) Methodist379.1
3) Lutheran317.7
4) Presbyterian143.5
5) Episcopalian82.0
6) Church of Christ41.0
7) Other Protestant7719.0
8) Catholic12430.6
9) Jewish143.5
10) Other235.7
11) None338.1
12) Don't know/No answer51.2
TOTAL405100.0
119) Religious preference (FAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Mainline Protestant12931.9
2) Other Protestant7719.0
3) Catholic12430.6
4) Jewish143.5
5) Other235.7
6) None338.1
7) Don't know/No answer51.2
TOTAL405100.0
120) Census (Consolidated) Metro Statistical Area (MSACMSA)
121) State-county FIPS codes (string variable) (STCNTY2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL37527407.90115328
122) Respondent lives in metropolitan or non-metropolitan county. (NSMETRO)
TOTAL%
0) Non-Metro8923.6
1) Metro28876.4
Missing28 
TOTAL377100.0
123) Weight for Non-South (PEOPLE/Mean household size for Non-South) (WTVARN)
TOTAL%
.496909765142218) 10626.2
.5) 20.5
.993819530284437) 21954.1
1) 10.2
1.49072929542666) 4511.1
1.98763906056887) 307.4
2.48454882571109) 20.5
TOTAL405100.0
124) Weight for national estimates (accounts for Southern oversample and household size) (TOTWT)
TOTAL%
1.05175419259754) 10626.2
1.05829495250161) 20.5
2.10350838519508) 21954.1
2.11658990500321) 10.2
3.15526257779261) 4511.1
4.20701677039015) 307.4
5.25877096298769) 20.5
TOTAL405100.0
125) I-AGE: Recode of AGE in categories (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 24 years old4511.4
2) 25 to 44 years old15940.2
3) 45 to 64 years old13133.1
4) 65 years or older6115.4
Missing9 
TOTAL396100.0
126) I-GENDER: Gender of respondent (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male17743.7
2) Female22856.3
TOTAL405100.0
127) I-EDUC: Educational attainment (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school266.4
2) High school graduate11227.7
3) Some college12029.7
4) College graduate or more14636.1
Missing1 
TOTAL404100.0
128) I-INCOME: I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $20,0005015.4
2) $20,000 up to $39,9999328.7
3) $40,000 up to $59,9998526.2
4) More than $60,0009629.6
Missing81 
TOTAL324100.0
129) I-PARTYID: Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican12732.8
2) Democrat13534.9
3) Independent9925.6
4) Other266.7
Missing18 
TOTAL387100.0
130) I-RELIGION: Religious preference (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Mainline Protestant12932.3
2) Other Protestant7719.3
3) Catholic12431.0
4) Jewish143.5
5) Other235.8
6) None338.3
Missing5 
TOTAL400100.0