Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1993

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/Regional > Southern Focus Polls > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Respondent number (RESP)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8641407.913838
2) Year of birth (YRBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL8601947.78717
3) Just for the record, would you say that your community is in the South, or not? (COMSOUTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes80893.5
2) No495.7
3) Don't know/No answer70.8
TOTAL864100.0
4) How about your state as a whole? Is it a Southern state, or not? (STATSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77095.3
2) No303.7
3) Don't know/No answer81.0
Missing56 
TOTAL808100.0
5) Not counting time spent away at school and for other temporary reasons, have you lived in the South all your life or not? [IF NOT, ASK:] How long have you lived in the South? (LIVESOU)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 5 years566.9
2) 6 to 10 years384.7
3) More than 10 years20525.4
4) All my life50662.6
5) Don't know/No answer30.4
Missing56 
TOTAL808100.0
6) Have you ever traveled or visited outside the South? (TRAVOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44788.3
2) No5911.7
Missing358 
TOTAL506100.0
7) Which state did you live in when you were 16? (STATE)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama576.6
4) Arizona40.5
5) Arkansas283.2
6) California131.5
9) Connecticut20.2
11) D.C.20.2
12) Florida455.2
13) Georgia698.0
15) Hawaii20.2
16) Idaho10.1
17) Illinois121.4
18) Indiana70.8
19) Iowa30.3
20) Kansas10.1
21) Kentucky435.0
22) Louisiana394.5
24) Maryland91.0
25) Massachusetts50.6
26) Michigan131.5
27) Minnesota40.5
28) Mississippi283.2
29) Missouri60.7
30) Montana10.1
31) Nebraska20.2
33) New Hampshire20.2
34) New Jersey91.0
35) New Mexico10.1
36) New York374.3
37) North Carolina9711.2
39) Ohio212.4
40) Oklahoma182.1
42) Pennsylvania121.4
45) South Carolina323.7
47) Tennessee495.7
48) Texas819.4
50) Vermont10.1
51) Virginia698.0
53) Washington50.6
54) West Virginia60.7
55) Wisconsin40.5
77) Foreign country192.2
99) Don't know50.6
TOTAL864100.0
8) Do you consider yourself a Southerner, or not? (SOUTHERN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63873.8
2) No20423.6
3) Don't know/No answer222.5
TOTAL864100.0
9) Do you live in a city, a suburban community, a small town, or a rural area? (LIVEWH)
TOTAL%
1) City27131.4
2) Suburbs15517.9
3) Town23026.6
4) Rural20824.1
TOTAL864100.0
10) Do you live within a half-hour drive of any of your close relatives? (LIVEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60670.1
2) No25829.9
TOTAL864100.0
11) How many years of school have you completed? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
3) 3rd grade30.3
4) 4th grade20.2
5) 5th grade10.1
6) 6th grade70.8
7) 7th grade70.8
8) 8th grade222.5
9) 9th grade121.4
10) 10th grade212.4
11) 11th grade414.7
12) 12th grade26030.1
13) 1st year coll. or tech. school627.2
14) 2nd year10412.0
15) 3rd year586.7
16) 4th year (college grad)14717.0
17) 5th year242.8
18) 6th year424.9
19) 7th year141.6
20) 8th year (PhD)182.1
21) 9 or more172.0
22) No answer20.2
TOTAL864100.0
12) How often do you attend church or other religious services? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week17620.4
2) Once a week21524.9
3) 2-3 times a month14817.1
4) Several times a year18621.5
5) Never13415.5
6) Refused50.6
TOTAL864100.0
13) What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK:] What denomination? (FAITH)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist33338.5
2) Methodist11313.1
3) Lutheran202.3
4) Presbyterian424.9
5) Episcopalian232.7
6) Church of Christ313.6
7) Other Protestant354.1
8) Catholic12214.1
9) Jewish111.3
10) Other748.6
11) None515.9
12) Don't know/No answer91.0
TOTAL864100.0
14) Are you currently... (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married52260.4
2) Divorced10011.6
3) Separated192.2
4) Widowed677.8
5) Single15117.5
6) No answer50.6
TOTAL864100.0
15) Are you a parent? (PARENT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes64174.2
2) No22125.6
3) Don't know/No answer20.2
TOTAL864100.0
16) Last week were you primarily: (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time46653.9
2) Working part time647.4
3) Going to school455.2
4) Keeping house9310.8
5) Retired14717.0
6) Unemployed263.0
7) Or what?202.3
8) No answer30.3
TOTAL864100.0
17) What about your husband/wife-last week was he/she primarily: (HWEMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time32161.5
2) Working part time315.9
3) Going to school40.8
4) Keeping house5710.9
5) Retired8917.0
6) Unemployed122.3
7) Or what?81.5
Missing342 
TOTAL522100.0
18) Did your mother ever work for pay for as long as one year after you were born and before you were 14? (MOMWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48055.6
2) No36442.1
3) Didn't live with mother (vol.)20.2
4) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)172.0
5) No answer10.1
TOTAL864100.0
19) I am going to read you a list of income categories. Please stop me when a category best describes your total household income before taxes: (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 10,000799.1
2) 10,000 to 19,99913015.0
3) 20,000 to 29,99914616.9
4) 30,000 to 39,99913515.6
5) 40,000 to 49,9999310.8
6) 50,000 to 59,999546.3
7) More than 60,00011813.7
8) No answer10912.6
TOTAL864100.0
20) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White72884.3
2) Black/African-American9911.5
3) Native American/Indian60.7
4) Other273.1
5) No answer40.5
TOTAL864100.0
21) Are you of Hispanic origin? (HISPANIC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Hispanic333.8
2) No, not Hispanic82195.0
3) Don't know/No answer101.2
TOTAL864100.0
22) How many people under 18 live in this house? (CHILD18)
TOTAL%
0) 49857.6
1) 17219.9
2) 12414.4
3) 485.6
4) 141.6
5) 40.5
6) 10.1
8) 20.2
12) 10.1
TOTAL864100.0
23) How many of those are under 12 years old? (CHILD12)
TOTAL%
0) 60369.8
1) 14416.7
2) 9310.8
3) 172.0
4) 30.3
5) 20.2
7) 10.1
8) 10.1
TOTAL864100.0
24) Including yourself, how many people 18 or older live at this telephone number? (PEOPLE)
TOTAL%
1) 18020.9
2) 52160.4
3) 12314.3
4) 263.0
5) 91.0
6) 10.1
7) 10.1
8) 10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL862100.0
25) Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican27331.6
2) Democrat30435.2
3) Independent20724.0
4) Other party313.6
5) Don't know/No answer495.7
TOTAL864100.0
26) [If R answered Democrat, R was asked STRDEM] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or a not very strong Democrat? (STRDEM)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat13745.1
2) Not very strong Democrat15751.6
3) Don't know/No answer103.3
Missing560 
TOTAL304100.0
27) [If R answered Republican, R was asked STRREP] Would you call yourself a strong Republican or a not very strong Republican? (STRREP)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Republican15255.7
2) Not very strong Republican11140.7
3) Don't know/No answer103.7
Missing591 
TOTAL273100.0
28) [If R answered Independent, R was asked INDEP] Do you usually think of yourself as closer to the Republican party or as closer to the Democratic party? (INDEP)
TOTAL%
1) Closer to Republican party7938.2
2) Closer to Democratic party6531.4
3) Don't know/No answer6330.4
Missing657 
TOTAL207100.0
29) As a citizen, what comes to mind first-your rights, such as freedom of speech and religion, or your obligations, such as obeying the law and paying taxes? (CITIZEN)
TOTAL%
1) Rights39645.8
2) Obligations33739.0
3) Both equal (vol)11112.8
4) Don't know/No answer202.3
TOTAL864100.0
30) In general, when it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, a moderate, or what? (LIBCON)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal16318.9
2) Moderate (middle of the road)28432.9
3) Conservative32337.4
4) Never think of self in these terms (no preference)404.6
5) Don't know455.2
6) No answer80.9
7) R insists that he/she has no understanding of these terms10.1
TOTAL864100.0
31) [If R answered liberal, R was asked STRLIB] Do you think of yourself as a strong liberal or a not very strong liberal? (STRLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal7244.2
2) Not very strong liberal8854.0
3) Don't know31.8
Missing701 
TOTAL163100.0
32) [If R answered conservative, R was asked STRCON] Do you think of yourself as a strong conservative or a not very strong conservative? (STRCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strong conservative18356.7
2) Not very strong conservative12939.9
3) Don't know103.1
4) No answer10.3
Missing541 
TOTAL323100.0
33) [If R answered moderate, R was asked MODERATE] Do you think of yourself as more like a liberal or more like a conservative? (MODERATE)
TOTAL%
1) More liberal8831.0
2) Neither269.2
3) More conservative16056.3
4) Don't know93.2
5) No answer10.4
Missing580 
TOTAL284100.0
34) Respondent's sex (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male36942.7
2) Female49557.3
TOTAL864100.0
35) Respondent's accent (ACCENTS)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Southern accent31436.3
2) Detectable Southern accent, but not strong29434.0
3) No Southern accent25629.6
TOTAL864100.0
36) Here are a few questions about how family life has changed since you were a child. When you were growing up, how often did your family: Eat an evening meal together at home? (FAMMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day73885.4
2) Most days768.8
3) Occasionally354.1
4) Almost never131.5
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.2
TOTAL864100.0
37) When you were growing up, how often did your family: Eat an evening meal together at a restaurant? (FAMREST)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more14116.3
2) A few times a month20123.3
3) A few times a year23527.2
4) Less often than that28232.6
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)50.6
TOTAL864100.0
38) When you were growing up, how often did your family: Go to church or other religious services together? (FAMREL)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more58767.9
2) A few times a month10912.6
3) A few times a year728.3
4) Less often than that859.8
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)111.3
TOTAL864100.0
39) When you were growing up, how often did your family: Take a family vacation? (FAMVAC)
TOTAL%
1) Once a year or more44451.4
2) Most years384.4
3) Occasionally15117.5
4) Never22826.4
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)30.3
TOTAL864100.0
40) Now we'd like to know about today's families. Please tell us how often you do (or did) these things with your own children: Eat an evening meal together at home? (CFMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day43668.0
2) Most days12419.3
3) Occasionally558.6
4) Almost never142.2
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)121.9
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
41) How often do (did) you and your children: Eat an evening meal together at a restaurant? (CFREST)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more24337.9
2) A few times a month24438.1
3) A few times a year11117.3
4) Less often than that325.0
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)111.7
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
42) How often do (did) you and your children: Go to church or other religious services together? (CFREL)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more35455.2
2) A few times a month10215.9
3) A few times a year8012.5
4) Less often than that8913.9
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)162.5
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
43) How often do (did) you and your children: Take a family vacation? (CFVAC)
TOTAL%
1) Once a year or more42065.5
2) Most years578.9
3) Occasionally9214.4
4) Never568.7
5) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)162.5
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
44) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To do as you were told by adults? (TTEACHAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes84898.1
2) No111.3
3) Don't know50.6
TOTAL864100.0
45) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To call adults 'Mr' and 'Mrs'-not by their first names? (TTEACHMR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77990.2
2) No768.8
3) Don't know91.0
TOTAL864100.0
46) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To write thank-you notes? (TTEACHTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes65976.3
2) No20023.1
3) Don't know50.6
TOTAL864100.0
47) When you were growing up, did your parents teach you: To call grownups 'sir' and 'ma'am'? (TTEACHSR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes70581.6
2) No15718.2
3) Don't know20.2
TOTAL864100.0
48) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: [IF CHILDREN TOO YOUNG ASK: Will you teach your children?] To do as they're told by adults? (NTEACHAD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes60093.6
2) No203.1
3) Don't know213.3
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
49) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: To call adults 'Mr' and 'Mrs'-not by their first names? (NTEACHMR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes54685.2
2) No7912.3
3) Don't know162.5
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
50) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: To write thank-you notes? (NTEACHTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51880.8
2) No11117.3
3) Don't know121.9
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
51) How about when raising your own children? Do you (did you) teach your children: To call grownups 'sir' and 'ma'am'? (NTEACHSR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51880.8
2) No11517.9
3) Don't know81.2
Missing223 
TOTAL641100.0
52) When you were growing up did your family usually say grace at meals? (GRACEKID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes57766.8
2) No28533.0
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.2
TOTAL864100.0
53) How about now: do you usually say grace at family meals? (GRACENOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51659.7
2) No34039.4
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)80.9
TOTAL864100.0
54) Did your parents have a gun in their home when you were growing up? (GUNKID)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52360.5
2) No32237.3
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)192.2
TOTAL864100.0
55) Do you have one (a gun) now? (GUNNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes49357.1
2) No36141.8
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)101.2
TOTAL864100.0
56) At what age do you think it's reasonable for children to be left at home alone for two or three hours? (HOMELONE)
TOTAL%
1) One year old10.1
6) Six30.3
7) Seven20.2
8) Eight80.9
9) Nine151.7
10) Ten708.1
11) Eleven414.7
12) Twelve20023.1
13) Thirteen14516.8
14) Fourteen10512.2
15) Fifteen667.6
16) Sixteen586.7
17) Seventeen91.0
18) Older than seventeen364.2
19) Depends on child (vol.)738.4
20) Don't know323.7
TOTAL864100.0
57) Did your parents leave you alone at that age? (HALONE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42355.7
2) No30640.3
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)304.0
Missing105 
TOTAL759100.0
58) When you were growing up, did your family ever have someone of a different race as a guest in your home? (GUESTRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39345.5
2) No44451.4
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)273.1
TOTAL864100.0
59) How about now: Have you ever entertained someone of a different race in your home? (ENTRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62372.1
2) No23527.2
3) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)60.7
TOTAL864100.0
60) Would your parents have objected if you dated someone of a different race? (DATERACP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59969.3
2) No16819.4
3) Depends on race of the person (vol.)161.9
4) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)819.4
TOTAL864100.0
61) Would you object if a child of yours dated someone of a different race? (DATERACC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38945.0
2) No36542.2
3) Depends on race of the person (vol.)364.2
4) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)748.6
TOTAL864100.0
62) Some people think relations between men and women have changed for the better in recent years; others think they've gotten worse. How about you-would you say they've improved or gotten worse, over all? (MFRELAT)
TOTAL%
1) Improved30535.3
2) Gotten worse44050.9
3) No change (vol.)546.3
4) Don't know657.5
TOTAL864100.0
63) Here are some recent changes-would you tell me whether you think each one is an improvement, a change for the worse, or something that doesn't matter much one way or the other: More married women are keeping their maiden names. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter much one way or the other? (MAIDENN)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement445.1
2) Change for the worse22826.4
3) Doesn't matter much57066.0
4) Don't know222.5
TOTAL864100.0
64) More people are concerned with sexual harassment in the workplace. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (SEXUALHR)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement56765.6
2) Change for the worse18621.5
3) Doesn't matter much657.5
4) Don't know465.3
TOTAL864100.0
65) More mothers are working outside the home. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (WORKOUT)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement25429.4
2) Change for the worse42949.7
3) Doesn't matter much10812.5
4) Don't know738.4
TOTAL864100.0
66) Divorce is now more accepted. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (ACCDIVR)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement17720.5
2) Change for the worse56164.9
3) Doesn't matter much9310.8
4) Don't know333.8
TOTAL864100.0
67) Homosexual relationships are now more accepted. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (ACCHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement15618.1
2) Change for the worse53261.6
3) Doesn't matter much11713.5
4) Don't know596.8
TOTAL864100.0
68) Unmarried women having children is now more accepted. Is this an improvement, a change for the worse or something that doesn't matter very much one way or the other? (ACCUNMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Improvement18521.4
2) Change for the worse52260.4
3) Doesn't matter much12114.0
4) Don't know364.2
TOTAL864100.0
69) In your household, who usually: Prepares the meals? (HOUSMEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Self50958.9
2) Spouse/Mate16519.1
3) Both equally12013.9
4) Each for self101.2
5) Child/Children20.2
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)566.5
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)20.2
TOTAL864100.0
70) In your household, who usually: Fixes things around the house? (HOUSEFIX)
TOTAL%
1) Self48155.7
2) Spouse/Mate19322.3
3) Both equally859.8
4) Each for self80.9
5) Child/Children131.5
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)819.4
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)30.3
TOTAL864100.0
71) In your household, who usually: Does the laundry? (HOUSLAUN)
TOTAL%
1) Self48055.6
2) Spouse/Mate16118.6
3) Both equally12814.8
4) Each for self384.4
5) Child/Children50.6
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)515.9
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)10.1
TOTAL864100.0
72) In your household, who usually: Makes the most mess? (HOUSMESS)
TOTAL%
1) Self34940.4
2) Spouse/Mate13315.4
3) Both equally839.6
4) Each for self192.2
5) Child/Children23126.7
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)384.4
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)111.3
TOTAL864100.0
73) In your household, who usually: Balances the checkbook? (HOUSCHEK)
TOTAL%
1) Self50258.1
2) Spouse/Mate16419.0
3) Both equally667.6
4) Each for self586.7
5) Child/Children20.2
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)424.9
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)303.5
TOTAL864100.0
74) In your household, who usually: Does the taxes? (HOUSTAX)
TOTAL%
1) Self36842.6
2) Spouse/Mate13115.2
3) Both equally364.2
4) Each for self283.2
5) Child/Children70.8
6) Other (parent, roommate etc.)28933.4
7) Don't know/Not applicable (vol.)50.6
TOTAL864100.0
75) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: In general, my generation is better off than my parents' generation was. (GENBETT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23126.7
2) Agree somewhat35240.7
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)313.6
4) Disagree somewhat17820.6
5) Strongly disagree728.3
TOTAL864100.0
76) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: I expect the next generation to be better off than mine is. (NEXTBETT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree819.4
2) Agree somewhat23827.5
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)617.1
4) Disagree somewhat33238.4
5) Strongly disagree15217.6
TOTAL864100.0
77) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Men who have successful careers often end up sacrificing too much of their family and personal life. (MENSAC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16237.2
2) Agree somewhat20246.3
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)122.8
4) Disagree somewhat4911.2
5) Strongly disagree112.5
Missing428 
TOTAL436100.0
78) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Women who have successful careers often end up sacrificing too much of their family and personal life. (WOMSAC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12328.7
2) Agree somewhat20848.6
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)214.9
4) Disagree somewhat6415.0
5) Strongly disagree122.8
Missing436 
TOTAL428100.0
79) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: I don't have enough time for my family these days. (TIMEFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6615.7
2) Agree somewhat12830.4
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)143.3
4) Disagree somewhat14534.4
5) Strongly disagree6816.2
Missing443 
TOTAL421100.0
80) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: I don't have enough time for myself these days. (TIMESELF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12127.3
2) Agree somewhat12828.9
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)102.3
4) Disagree somewhat12027.1
5) Strongly disagree6414.4
Missing421 
TOTAL443100.0
81) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Most men these days are really spoiled: they expect women to wait on them and do a lot of housework, too. (MENSPOIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree6715.3
2) Agree somewhat13129.9
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)265.9
4) Disagree somewhat16337.2
5) Strongly disagree5111.6
Missing426 
TOTAL438100.0
82) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Most women these days are really spoiled: they expect men to support them and do a lot of housework, too. (WOMSPOIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree419.6
2) Agree somewhat7818.3
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)143.3
4) Disagree somewhat19445.5
5) Strongly disagree9923.2
Missing438 
TOTAL426100.0
83) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: These days there's too much interference in family life by outsiders. (FAMINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19622.7
2) Agree somewhat35841.4
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)566.5
4) Disagree somewhat20824.1
5) Strongly disagree465.3
TOTAL864100.0
84) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: Men should hold doors for women and offer them their seats. (MENHOLD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30635.4
2) Agree somewhat36241.9
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)404.6
4) Disagree somewhat13315.4
5) Strongly disagree232.7
TOTAL864100.0
85) For each of the following statements, would you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or strongly disagree: 15-degree weather is better than 95-degree weather. (DEG1595)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree677.8
2) Agree somewhat13916.1
3) Undecided/Don't know (vol.)546.3
4) Disagree somewhat30635.4
5) Strongly disagree29834.5
TOTAL864100.0
86) Here are a few questions on other subjects. How important is it to buy American made products: very important, somewhat important or not very important? (BUYAMER)
TOTAL%
1) Very important56365.2
2) Somewhat important21625.0
3) Not very important637.3
4) Depends on products (vol.)141.6
5) Don't know/No answer80.9
TOTAL864100.0
87) What kind of music do you like to listen to most? (MUSIC)
TOTAL%
1) Classical music9811.3
2) Rock music14717.0
3) Country music26330.4
4) Easy-listening8910.3
5) Rap91.0
6) Jazz273.1
7) Urban contemporary/R&B343.9
8) Gospel/Devotional10612.3
9) Other738.4
10) None (vol.)182.1
TOTAL864100.0
88) Do you like to listen to country music? (COUNTRYM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36161.9
2) No22037.7
3) Don't know/No answer20.3
Missing281 
TOTAL583100.0
89) Have you ever visited a Civil War battlefield? (CIVILBAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55464.1
2) No30034.7
3) Don't know101.2
TOTAL864100.0
90) Have you ever been to a family reunion? (FAMREUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77689.8
2) No859.8
3) Don't know30.3
TOTAL864100.0
91) Do you ever drink alcoholic beverages like beer, wine, and liquor? (ALCOHOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53161.5
2) No33038.2
3) Don't know30.3
TOTAL864100.0
92) In your home, do you have a Bible? (BIBLHM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes82695.6
2) No364.2
3) Don't know20.2
TOTAL864100.0
93) Any Elvis Presley records, tapes, books, or souvenirs? (ELVISMEM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes34840.3
2) No50858.8
3) Don't know80.9
TOTAL864100.0
94) Do you own any Malcolm X books, clothing or souvenirs? (MALCOLM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8610.0
2) No77489.6
3) Don't know40.5
TOTAL864100.0
95) An American flag? (USFLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes61971.6
2) No24328.1
3) Don't know20.2
TOTAL864100.0
96) A Confederate flag? (CONFLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8810.2
2) No77089.1
3) Don't know60.7
TOTAL864100.0
97) Some people say the Confederate flag reminds them of white supremacy and racial conflict. Other people say the Confederate flag is a symbol of Southern heritage and pride. Do you think the flag is more a symbol of racial conflict, or of Southern pride? (FLAG)
TOTAL%
1) Racial conflict14717.0
2) Southern pride59168.4
3) No opinion (vol.)12614.6
TOTAL864100.0
98) Do you think the American Civil War was fought mostly about slavery, or was it fought mostly about something else? (CIVILWHY)
TOTAL%
1) About slavery40346.6
2) About something else37142.9
3) Don't know/No opinion (vol.)9010.4
TOTAL864100.0
99) If it could be done without war, do you think the South would be better off as a separate country today? (INDEPSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12214.1
2) No67978.6
3) Don't know/No opinion (vol.)637.3
TOTAL864100.0
100) The Atlanta Journal-Constitution newspaper cosponsors this poll and will feature some articles based on the results. Sometimes their reporters like to call back some of the people we've talked with to interview them for a story in the newspaper. If you agree to be called back by a reporter and one does call you, some of your opinions may appear in the article. Knowing this, may a reporter call you back to interview you for a newspaper article? (CALLBACK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (talkative)38144.1
2) Yes (not talkative)14216.4
3) No32237.3
4) No answer192.2
TOTAL864100.0
101) Interviewer number (INTNUM)
TOTAL%
11203) 273.1
11315) 566.5
12110) 293.4
12121) 212.4
12201) 9210.6
12211) 414.7
12212) 455.2
12302) 313.6
12306) 435.0
12307) 687.9
12308) 515.9
12309) 677.8
12313) 435.0
12314) 606.9
12316) 556.4
12317) 404.6
12319) 141.6
12320) 151.7
21205) 151.7
22204) 515.9
TOTAL864100.0
102) Date of interview (INTDATE)
TOTAL%
1) 864100.0
TOTAL864100.0
103) Time of interview (INTTIME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL864757.588179
104) Minutes/length of interview (MINUTES)
TOTAL%
8) 10.1
10) 131.5
11) 323.7
12) 839.6
13) 10912.6
14) 12114.0
15) 10111.7
16) 9210.6
17) 8610.0
18) 536.1
19) 414.7
20) 222.5
21) 222.5
22) 182.1
23) 121.4
24) 91.0
25) 91.0
26) 131.5
27) 40.5
28) 30.3
29) 40.5
30) 40.5
31) 40.5
32) 20.2
33) 20.2
36) 10.1
38) 20.2
47) 10.1
TOTAL864100.0
105) Race of interviewer (INTRACE)
TOTAL%
1) White79892.4
2) African American667.6
TOTAL864100.0
106) Gender of interviewer (INTGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Male9811.3
2) Female76688.7
TOTAL864100.0
107) Recode not Black-OS/Black OS (NEWREG1)
TOTAL%
1) South864100.0
TOTAL864100.0
108) Recode of region-with OS (NEWREG)
TOTAL%
1) South864100.0
TOTAL864100.0
109) Region of country-Gallup (GALREG)
TOTAL%
1) South864100.0
TOTAL864100.0
110) Recode of Party ID (PIDRCODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong Democrat13716.2
2) Not very strong Democrat15718.6
3) Independent, closer to Democrat657.7
4) Independent637.5
5) Independent, closer to Republican799.4
6) Not very strong Republican11113.2
7) Strong Republican15218.0
8) Other party313.7
9) Don't know/No answer495.8
Missing20 
TOTAL844100.0
111) South or non-South recode (NV)
TOTAL%
1) South864100.0
TOTAL864100.0
112) Recode of minutes/interview (RCMIN)
TOTAL%
1) Less 15 minutes35941.6
2) 15-19 minutes37343.2
3) 20-29 minutes11613.4
4) 30+ minutes161.9
TOTAL864100.0
113) Age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL86045.21317
114) Liberal-conservative total (re-code) (LCRECODE)
TOTAL%
1) Strong liberal728.6
2) Not strong liberal8810.5
3) Moderate-liberal8810.5
4) Moderate263.1
5) Moderate-conservative16019.0
6) Not strong conservative18321.8
7) Strong conservative12915.4
8) No preference404.8
9) Don't know/No answer546.4
Missing24 
TOTAL840100.0
115) Residence at age 16: South/Non-South (RESIDENT)
TOTAL%
1) South65575.8
2) Border232.7
3) Non-South18621.5
TOTAL864100.0
116) Called state Deep South or not (DEEPSOU)
TOTAL%
1) Deep South24928.8
2) Peripheral South61571.2
TOTAL864100.0
117) R live in Metro/Non-Metro area (METRO)
TOTAL%
0) Non-Metropolitan28934.1
1) Metropolitan55965.9
Missing16 
TOTAL848100.0
118) Which state called (STATCALL)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama596.8
2) Arkansas333.8
3) Florida12914.9
4) Georgia809.3
5) Kentucky566.5
6) Louisiana404.6
7) Mississippi283.2
8) North Carolina10812.5
9) Oklahoma192.2
10) South Carolina424.9
11) Tennessee789.0
12) Texas9811.3
13) Virginia9410.9
TOTAL864100.0
119) Educational attainment (GRADE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 9424.9
2) 9th to 11th grade748.6
3) High school graduate26030.2
4) Some college22426.0
5) College graduate or more26230.4
Missing2 
TOTAL862100.0
120) County of residence (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL864142.884181
121) We're interested in where people learn about right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY.] When you were growing up, how much did your family shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FAMSHAP)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal77089.1
2) Some708.1
3) Not much131.5
4) None70.8
5) Don't know40.5
TOTAL864100.0
122) We're interested in where people learn about right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY.] When you were growing up, how much did your church shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (CHURCHSP)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal57766.8
2) Some17219.9
3) Not much667.6
4) None414.7
5) Don't know80.9
TOTAL864100.0
123) We're interested in where people learn about right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY.] When you were growing up, how much did school shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (SCHOOLS)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal39946.2
2) Some32337.4
3) Not much11413.2
4) None202.3
5) Don't know80.9
TOTAL864100.0
124) We're interested in where people learn about right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY.] When you were growing up, how much did your friends shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FRIENDS)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal20423.6
2) Some36241.9
3) Not much22125.6
4) None576.6
5) Don't know202.3
TOTAL864100.0
125) We're interested in where people learn about right and wrong. [READ FIRST TIME ONLY.] When you were growing up, how much did mass media like television, movies, and popular music shape your beliefs about right and wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (MEDIASH)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal758.7
2) Some21224.5
3) Not much32337.4
4) None24127.9
5) Don't know131.5
TOTAL864100.0
126) How about young people today? How much do you think family shapes their beliefs about right or wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FAMSHN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal31636.6
2) Some31536.5
3) Not much19422.5
4) None161.9
5) Don't know232.7
TOTAL864100.0
127) How about young people today? How much do you think church shapes their beliefs about right or wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (CHURCHN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal28332.8
2) Some30535.3
3) Not much19923.0
4) None333.8
5) Don't know445.1
TOTAL864100.0
128) How about young people today? How much do you think school shapes their beliefs about right or wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (SCHOOLN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal20523.7
2) Some32437.5
3) Not much24328.1
4) None435.0
5) Don't know495.7
TOTAL864100.0
129) How about young people today? How much do you think friends shape their beliefs about right or wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (FRIENDSN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal46854.2
2) Some24228.0
3) Not much8710.1
4) None202.3
5) Don't know475.4
TOTAL864100.0
130) How about young people today? How much do you think mass media like television, movies, and popular music shape their beliefs about right or wrong-a great deal, some, not much, or none? (MEDIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Great deal55564.2
2) Some18020.8
3) Not much647.4
4) None333.8
5) Don't know323.7
TOTAL864100.0
131) Weight variable computed as: people/mean (WTVAR)
TOTAL%
.487594366073608) 15317.7
.489878416061402) 273.1
.975188732147217) 45352.6
.979756832122803) 687.9
1.46278285980227) 10612.3
1.46963500976564) 172.0
1.95037746429442) 232.7
1.95951366424559) 30.3
2.43797111511228) 70.8
2.4493923187256) 20.2
2.92556571960448) 10.1
3.41316032409668) 10.1
3.90075492858888) 10.1
Missing2 
TOTAL862100.0
132) Age of respondent by categories (AGECAT)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 248810.2
2) 25 to 4436542.4
3) 45 to 6425629.8
4) 65 or older15117.6
Missing4 
TOTAL860100.0
133) Recode of STATCALL (regional breakdown) (WHSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) South864100.0
TOTAL864100.0
134) Census FIPS code for state (STFIPS)
TOTAL%
1) 596.8
5) 333.8
12) 12914.9
13) 809.3
21) 566.5
22) 404.6
28) 283.2
37) 10812.5
40) 192.2
45) 424.9
47) 789.0
48) 9811.3
51) 9410.9
TOTAL864100.0
135) Combine census FIPS code for state and county (ST_CNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL86429612.79217218
136) Metro/Non-metropolitan county (NSMETRO)
TOTAL%
0) Metropolitan28934.1
1) Non-metropolitan55965.9
Missing16 
TOTAL848100.0
137) Focus poll North/South regions (REG)
TOTAL%
2) 74786.5
3) 11713.5
TOTAL864100.0
138) Census weights for region (REGWT)
TOTAL%
.39033317565918) 74786.5
.984675407409668) 11713.5
TOTAL864100.0
139) Weight for combined northern and southern samples (TOTWT)
TOTAL%
.190324262773964) 15317.7
.380648525547926) 45352.6
.482371356747373) 273.1
.57097278832189) 10612.3
.761297051095853) 232.7
.951621313869817) 70.8
.964742713494747) 687.9
1.1419455766438) 10.1
1.33226983941772) 10.1
1.44711407024214) 172.0
1.52259410219169) 10.1
1.92948542698948) 30.3
2.41185678373688) 20.2
Missing2 
TOTAL862100.0
140) I-AGE: Age of respondent by categories (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 to 248810.2
2) 25 to 4436542.4
3) 45 to 6425629.8
4) 65 or older15117.6
Missing4 
TOTAL860100.0
141) I-EDUC: Educational attainment (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than grade 9424.9
2) 9th to 11th grade748.6
3) High school graduate26030.2
4) Some college22426.0
5) College graduate or more26230.4
Missing2 
TOTAL862100.0
142) I-GENDER: Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male36942.7
2) Female49557.3
TOTAL864100.0
143) I-PARTYID: Regardless of how you vote, when it comes to national politics, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or what? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican27333.5
2) Democrat30437.3
3) Independent20725.4
4) Other party313.8
Missing49 
TOTAL815100.0
144) I-RACE: What race do you consider yourself? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White72884.7
2) Black/African-American9911.5
3) Native American/Indian60.7
4) Other273.1
Missing4 
TOTAL860100.0
145) I-RELIGION: What is your religious affiliation? [IF PROTESTANT, ASK:] What denomination? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist33338.9
2) Other Protestant26430.9
3) Catholic12214.3
4) Jewish111.3
5) Other748.7
6) None516.0
Missing9 
TOTAL855100.0