Survey of Presbyterian Students in Non-Presbyterian Theological Schools, 1990

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Presbyterian > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) School--all values are non-Presbyterian theological schools. No labels are included (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
12) 61.7
13) 10.3
15) 20.6
17) 30.9
18) 10.3
19) 10.3
22) 41.1
24) 92.6
29) 30.9
31) 164.6
33) 20.6
34) 41.1
36) 30.9
37) 20.6
40) 15444.1
43) 298.3
46) 61.7
48) 51.4
59) 10.3
63) 41.1
66) 61.7
69) 41.1
70) 41.1
71) 72.0
75) 10.3
79) 10.3
80) 10.3
82) 10.3
83) 20.6
84) 226.3
86) 30.9
87) 72.0
90) 154.3
92) 41.1
93) 113.2
94) 20.6
97) 20.6
TOTAL349100.0
2) Personal ID (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34937.63346
3) In what degree program are you enrolled? (DEGREE)
TOTAL%
1) M.Div.27779.4
2) Dmin61.7
3) PhD174.9
5) MA(general)144.0
8) MATS (Theology Studies)164.6
9) ThM (Master's of Theology72.0
12) Other123.4
TOTAL349100.0
4) IN REFERENCE TO STUDENT STATUS: Are you: (STUSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time student25272.6
2) Part-time student9527.4
Missing2 
TOTAL347100.0
5) Marital Status (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Unmarried9728.2
2) Engaged, committed or "coupled"216.1
3) In first marriage18152.6
4) In second or later marriage267.6
5) Separated41.2
6) Divorced154.4
Missing5 
TOTAL344100.0
6) Living in: (RESIDE)
TOTAL%
1) On-campus dorm4212.1
2) On-campus couples housing4011.6
3) Off-campus nearby residence.11733.8
4) Resident more than 15 minutes from campus14241.0
5) Field placement housing (e.g., manse)41.2
6) Other10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL346100.0
7) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in an on-campus dorm? (FRNDCMP)
TOTAL%
0) 19959.1
1) 5716.9
2) 3811.3
3) 226.5
4) 92.7
5) 123.6
Missing12 
TOTAL337100.0
8) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in on-campus couples housing? (FRNDCPL)
TOTAL%
0) 22667.3
1) 3911.6
2) 3711.0
3) 216.3
4) 82.4
5) 51.5
Missing13 
TOTAL336100.0
9) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in an off-campus nearby residence? (FRNDNEAR)
TOTAL%
0) 15044.5
1) 6017.8
2) 5115.1
3) 257.4
4) 195.6
5) 329.5
Missing12 
TOTAL337100.0
10) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in a residence more than 15 minutes from campus? (FRNDFAR)
TOTAL%
0) 16147.8
1) 4613.6
2) 3610.7
3) 4312.8
4) 226.5
5) 298.6
Missing12 
TOTAL337100.0
11) Of your five closest friends in the school, how many live in field placement housing (e.g., manse)? (FRNDFLD)
TOTAL%
0) 32496.1
1) 103.0
2) 20.6
3) 10.3
Missing12 
TOTAL337100.0
12) For how many children are you the chief source of financial support? (CHILDSUP)
TOTAL%
0) 21766.2
1) 309.1
2) 5115.5
3) 206.1
4) 82.4
5) 20.6
Missing21 
TOTAL328100.0
13) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN: What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 0-5 years old (AGE0T5)
TOTAL%
0) 7257.1
1) 3830.2
2) 1411.1
3) 21.6
Missing223 
TOTAL126100.0
14) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN: What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 6-11 years old (AGE6T11)
TOTAL%
0) 7458.7
1) 3931.0
2) 118.7
3) 10.8
4) 10.8
Missing223 
TOTAL126100.0
15) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN: What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 12-14 years old (AGE12T14)
TOTAL%
0) 9676.8
1) 2822.4
2) 10.8
Missing224 
TOTAL125100.0
16) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN: What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 15-18 years old (AGE15T18)
TOTAL%
0) 9374.4
1) 2419.2
2) 75.6
3) 10.8
Missing224 
TOTAL125100.0
17) ASKED OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE THE SOURCE OF CHIEF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN: What are their ages?-- [HOW MANY CHILDREN ARE] 19 or older (AGE19)
TOTAL%
0) 10382.4
1) 1512.0
2) 64.8
3) 10.8
Missing224 
TOTAL125100.0
18) If you are married, is your spouse a professional church worker or minister? Or preparing for ministry? (SPOUSECW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3013.8
2) No, but preparing2411.0
3) No, and not preparing16475.2
Missing131 
TOTAL218100.0
19) Did you move to the seminary area specifically to do this degree program? (MOVEDEG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19758.6
2) No, already lived here13941.4
Missing13 
TOTAL336100.0
20) In what state or country were you born? (LOCBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL34851.58931
21) Are you now an American citizen? (CITIZEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33095.7
2) No154.3
Missing4 
TOTAL345100.0
22) In what year were you born? (YEARBORN)
TOTAL%
25) 10.3
26) 20.6
30) 20.6
31) 20.6
33) 10.3
34) 30.9
35) 10.3
36) 20.6
37) 61.7
38) 30.9
39) 30.9
40) 61.7
41) 72.0
42) 51.4
43) 72.0
44) 72.0
45) 123.5
46) 102.9
47) 113.2
48) 72.0
49) 82.3
50) 82.3
51) 82.3
52) 123.5
53) 51.4
54) 144.0
55) 164.6
56) 92.6
57) 133.8
58) 226.4
59) 133.8
60) 154.3
61) 154.3
62) 174.9
63) 246.9
64) 123.5
65) 226.4
66) 102.9
67) 41.2
69) 10.3
Missing3 
TOTAL346100.0
23) In what year were you first married? (YEARMARR)
TOTAL%
48) 10.4
52) 10.4
53) 20.9
54) 31.3
56) 10.4
57) 20.9
58) 20.9
59) 41.8
60) 20.9
61) 41.8
62) 62.6
63) 31.3
64) 31.3
65) 52.2
66) 104.4
67) 73.1
68) 52.2
69) 73.1
70) 114.8
71) 62.6
72) 41.8
73) 73.1
74) 93.9
75) 41.8
76) 62.6
77) 52.2
78) 52.2
79) 62.6
80) 83.5
81) 31.3
82) 114.8
83) 62.6
84) 31.3
85) 114.8
86) 187.9
87) 52.2
88) 135.7
89) 177.5
90) 20.9
Missing121 
TOTAL228100.0
24) In what year did you graduate from college? (YEARGRAD)
TOTAL%
47) 10.3
48) 10.3
51) 30.9
53) 20.6
56) 20.6
57) 10.3
58) 10.3
59) 20.6
60) 10.3
61) 30.9
62) 61.8
63) 20.6
64) 30.9
65) 51.5
66) 51.5
67) 41.2
68) 51.5
69) 123.7
70) 154.6
71) 30.9
72) 72.1
73) 82.4
74) 82.4
75) 72.1
76) 82.4
77) 123.7
78) 72.1
79) 123.7
80) 206.1
81) 113.4
82) 123.7
83) 195.8
84) 123.7
85) 319.5
86) 237.0
87) 257.6
88) 144.3
89) 154.6
Missing21 
TOTAL328100.0
25) In what year did you enter this degree program? (YRENTER)
TOTAL%
76) 10.3
79) 10.3
80) 30.9
81) 51.5
82) 20.6
83) 41.2
84) 30.9
85) 185.4
86) 4312.9
87) 7121.3
88) 8324.9
89) 9428.2
90) 51.5
Missing16 
TOTAL333100.0
26) In what year do you expect to receive this degree? (YRDEGREE)
TOTAL%
82) 10.3
87) 10.3
88) 10.3
89) 31.0
90) 7223.6
91) 9230.2
92) 7925.9
93) 4113.4
94) 113.6
95) 41.3
Missing44 
TOTAL305100.0
27) Prior to entering the ministry (or theological school), give the total years of nonreligious employment you had (YRNREMP)
TOTAL%
0) 3711.5
1) 237.1
2) 247.4
3) 257.7
4) 226.8
5) 175.3
6) 165.0
7) 165.0
8) 144.3
9) 61.9
10) 288.7
11) 61.9
12) 134.0
13) 51.5
14) 82.5
15) 72.2
16) 20.6
17) 82.5
18) 41.2
19) 51.5
20) 113.4
22) 41.2
24) 30.9
25) 30.9
26) 20.6
27) 20.6
28) 10.3
29) 10.3
30) 20.6
31) 10.3
32) 10.3
33) 10.3
34) 10.3
35) 10.3
37) 10.3
40) 10.3
41) 10.3
Missing26 
TOTAL323100.0
28) Prior to entering the ministry (or theological school), what occupation or kind of work was your longest full-time nonreligious job? (NREMPTYP)
TOTAL%
20) Teacher, college professor4114.4
21) Musical performer, actor, artist, radio/TV performer, entertainer72.5
22) Social worker, counselor124.2
23) Medicine, doctor, dentist, nurse124.2
24) Lawyer, political leader41.4
26) Technical, engineering or scientific field113.9
29) Other professional or technical: librarian, pharmacist, writing, personnel, programmer, foreign service5519.4
30) Public official51.8
31) Banker51.8
32) Business owner, farm owner10.4
33) Corporate manager, business administrator62.1
34) Investments, stocks, bonds, etc.41.4
35) Retail business manager (not owner)62.1
36) Farm manager10.4
39) Other business and managerial165.6
40) Sales worker207.0
42) Real estate sales (not owner or manager)10.4
49) Other sales93.2
50) Clerical work103.5
51) Secretary, stenographer113.9
59) Other office work82.8
60) Foreman10.4
61) Craftsman, mechanic, journeyman, etc.103.5
71) Farmhand, employee10.4
72) Other forms of semiskilled work62.1
80) Laborer10.4
81) Domestic10.4
82) Service worker n.e.c. (not elsewhere classified)93.2
90) Military n.e.c.72.5
91) Government n.e.c20.7
93) Student10.4
Missing65 
TOTAL284100.0
29) prior to entering the ministry (or theological school), how many years were you in your full-time nonreligious job? (YRNRFEMP)
TOTAL%
0) 237.5
1) 3411.0
2) 3210.4
3) 3511.4
4) 299.4
5) 216.8
6) 216.8
7) 144.5
8) 185.8
9) 72.3
10) 206.5
11) 41.3
12) 51.6
13) 41.3
14) 41.3
15) 41.3
16) 41.3
17) 20.6
18) 41.3
19) 10.3
20) 72.3
21) 10.3
22) 20.6
23) 20.6
24) 20.6
27) 20.6
29) 20.6
30) 10.3
32) 20.6
40) 10.3
Missing41 
TOTAL308100.0
30) How many years did you spend in full-time homemaking and/or childrearing before coming to seminary? (YRHOME)
TOTAL%
0) 17068.8
1) 72.8
2) 52.0
3) 10.4
5) 52.0
6) 20.8
7) 31.2
8) 52.0
9) 41.6
10) 52.0
11) 10.4
12) 62.4
13) 31.2
14) 10.4
15) 20.8
16) 62.4
17) 41.6
19) 20.8
20) 62.4
22) 10.4
23) 10.4
26) 10.4
27) 10.4
28) 10.4
29) 10.4
30) 20.8
34) 10.4
Missing102 
TOTAL247100.0
31) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (First response)? (WHYENT1)
TOTAL%
1) General sense of vocation - called by God, led by Spirit, etc.10857.8
2) Encouragement by others42.1
3) Intellectual interest2010.7
4) Fulfillment3217.1
5) Leadership experience73.7
6) Evangelistic witness21.1
7) Social concern10.5
8) Personal service63.2
9) Other forms of motivation73.7
Missing162 
TOTAL187100.0
32) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (Type of first response)? (WHYENT2)
TOTAL%
1) Long-standing sense of call from God - delayed or interrupted1614.2
2) New or sudden urgent sense of call from God98.0
3) Push factors associated with circumstances - work, life situation, etc.3127.4
4) Responding to needs of church98.0
5) Attracted to school by its reputation, program or offerings32.7
6) Sense of own talent, ability, interest, aptitude for work of ministry108.8
7) Need training to do one's ministry2522.1
8) Need legitimacy, credentials, basis for official acceptance87.1
9) Women now accepted in ministry21.8
Missing236 
TOTAL113100.0
33) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (Second response)? (WHYENT3)
TOTAL%
1) General sense of vocation - called by God, led by Spirit, etc.1321.0
2) Encouragement by others1219.4
3) Intellectual interest58.1
4) Fulfillment69.7
5) Leadership experience812.9
6) Evangelistic witness11.6
7) Social concern23.2
8) Personal service1321.0
9) Other forms of motivation23.2
Missing287 
TOTAL62100.0
34) If you regarded your previous nonreligious work as a career, what led you to enter this degree program (Type of second response)? (WHYENT4)
TOTAL%
1) Long-standing sense of call from God - delayed or interrupted14.0
3) Push factors associated with circumstances - work, life situation, etc.520.0
4) Responding to needs of church28.0
6) Sense of own talent, ability, interest, aptitude for work of ministry28.0
7) Need training to do one's ministry1144.0
8) Need legitimacy, credentials, basis for official acceptance312.0
9) Women now accepted in ministry14.0
Missing324 
TOTAL25100.0
35) Were you formerly in the: (PREDENOM)
TOTAL%
1) United Presbyterian USA20261.0
2) Presbyterian Church In The U.S.6018.1
3) Neither6920.8
Missing18 
TOTAL331100.0
36) Did you come to the Presbyterian church from some other denomination? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, transferred16649.4
2) No17050.6
Missing13 
TOTAL336100.0
37) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO CAME TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH FROM SOME OTHER DENOMINATION (CONVERT): If yes, what was it (most recent)? (CONVDEN)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist - American Baptist Convention95.6
2) Baptist - Southern Baptist Convention53.1
3) Baptist (unspecified)74.3
4) Baptist - other groups53.1
5) Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)53.1
8) Church of the Brethren10.6
9) Church of God groups10.6
10) Church of the Nazarene10.6
11) Episcopal - Protestant Episcopal Church106.2
12) Evangelical Free Church10.6
13) Evangelical Covenant Church42.5
15) Independent nondenominational groups106.2
17) Lutheran Church in America31.9
18) Lutheran - United Lutheran Church10.6
20) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod21.2
21) Mennonite21.2
22) Methodist - United Methodist Church2716.7
29) Presbyterian - Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church10.6
31) Presbyterian Church of Korea10.6
34) Reformed - Christian Reformed Church31.9
35) Reformed Church in America42.5
36) Roman Catholic Church2213.6
37) Seventh-day Adventist10.6
39) United Church of Christ127.4
40) United Church of Canada10.6
41) Assemblies of God53.1
42) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)21.2
44) Anglican, Church of England10.6
48) Wesleyan10.6
49) National Association of Congregational Christian Churches53.1
51) Independent Presbyterian (PCA)42.5
90) Other foreign10.6
91) Other42.5
Missing187 
TOTAL162100.0
38) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO CAME TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH FROM SOME OTHER DENOMINATION (CONVERT): What year did you change? (YEARCONV)
TOTAL%
52) 10.6
53) 10.6
57) 21.3
59) 10.6
63) 10.6
64) 21.3
65) 31.9
66) 31.9
67) 10.6
69) 21.3
70) 42.5
71) 31.9
72) 31.9
73) 31.9
74) 31.9
75) 21.3
76) 53.1
77) 63.8
78) 42.5
79) 31.9
80) 106.3
81) 42.5
82) 85.0
83) 95.7
84) 116.9
85) 1610.1
86) 116.9
87) 1610.1
88) 1710.7
89) 42.5
Missing190 
TOTAL159100.0
39) IN REFERENCE TO CHURCH STATUS: Are you: (CHSTATUS)
TOTAL%
1) Ordained to ministry185.4
2) Ordained as ruling elder or deacon309.0
3) Licensed, commissioned or certified for church work41.2
4) In inquirer or candidate status under presbytery, etc.23068.9
5) Church member but without ecclesiastical status5215.6
Missing15 
TOTAL334100.0
40) Was this school your highest preference among schools? (SCHLPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28182.2
2) No6117.8
Missing7 
TOTAL342100.0
41) To what schools did you apply (First preference)? (APPLY1)
TOTAL%
0) No others considered30.9
1) Andover Newton51.5
3) Ashland10.3
6) Bangor20.6
7) Bethel30.9
12) Chicago Divinity School10.3
13) Christian30.9
14) Claremont10.3
15) Colgate-Rochester82.5
16) Columbia20.6
17) Drew20.6
18) Dubuque10.3
19) Duke144.3
20) Eastern Baptist30.9
21) Eden20.6
23) Erskine10.3
24) Fuller13340.9
25) Fuller - Menlo Park20.6
26) Fuller - Seattle92.8
28) Gordon-Conwell278.3
29) Harvard Div41.2
31) Iliff20.6
32) J.C. Smith/ITC10.3
35) Louisville10.3
37) McCormick10.3
38) Memphis10.3
40) New Brunswick10.3
41) New York Theological30.9
43) Pacific School of Religion30.9
44) Perkins41.2
45) Phillips University Graduate Seminary61.8
47) Presbyterian School of Christian Education10.3
48) Princeton61.8
49) Puerto Rico Seminario Evang10.3
50) Reformed Theological Seminary10.3
51) Regent College10.3
52) St. Mary's Seminary10.3
54) San Francisco41.2
59) Trinity20.6
60) Union (NY)237.1
62) United (MN)61.8
63) United (OH)20.6
66) Vanderbilt92.8
68) Wesley72.2
69) Western20.6
70) Yale41.2
71) Pittsburgh10.3
73) Southern Baptist Seminary10.3
74) Westminster10.3
80) Others not listed here20.6
Missing24 
TOTAL325100.0
42) To what schools did you apply (Second preference)? (APPLY2)
TOTAL%
0) No others considered12450.8
1) Andover Newton20.8
6) Bangor10.4
8) Boston University10.4
9) Brite10.4
11) Candler10.4
13) Christian10.4
14) Claremont10.4
15) Colgate-Rochester10.4
16) Columbia20.8
17) Drew10.4
19) Duke31.2
23) Erskine20.8
24) Fuller83.3
28) Gordon-Conwell52.0
29) Harvard Div20.8
31) Iliff20.8
35) Louisville10.4
37) McCormick31.2
40) New Brunswick10.4
41) New York Theological20.8
43) Pacific School of Religion10.4
48) Princeton2811.5
49) Puerto Rico Seminario Evang10.4
51) Regent College20.8
53) St. Paul's School of Theology20.8
54) San Francisco83.3
59) Trinity83.3
60) Union (NY)31.2
61) Union (VA)41.6
62) United (MN)10.4
63) United (OH)10.4
66) Vanderbilt31.2
68) Wesley31.2
70) Yale52.0
72) Oral Roberts School of Theology10.4
80) Others not listed here83.3
Missing105 
TOTAL244100.0
43) To what schools did you apply (Third preference)? (APPLY3)
TOTAL%
0) No others considered13875.8
1) Andover Newton10.5
5) Austin10.5
9) Brite10.5
12) Chicago Divinity School21.1
16) Columbia21.1
18) Dubuque10.5
19) Duke21.1
21) Eden21.1
24) Fuller21.1
28) Gordon-Conwell10.5
29) Harvard Div21.1
35) Louisville21.1
40) New Brunswick10.5
43) Pacific School of Religion10.5
48) Princeton42.2
50) Reformed Theological Seminary10.5
51) Regent College10.5
54) San Francisco21.1
59) Trinity10.5
61) Union (VA)10.5
66) Vanderbilt21.1
69) Western10.5
70) Yale31.6
74) Westminster10.5
80) Others not listed here63.3
Missing167 
TOTAL182100.0
44) What factors brought you to this school (First factor)? (SCHLWHY1)
TOTAL%
10) Scholarship & resources, general10.3
11) School excellent, high reputation267.6
12) Faculty reputation for excellence82.3
13) One or more specific faculty30.9
16) University connection - GTU, ACTS30.9
17) Intellectual/academic challenge; high-quality education72.0
21) Financial aid, support, costs72.0
22) Job opportunities, self or spouse82.3
23) Admissions helpful, friendly, personal attention30.9
24) School accepted, admitted me123.5
27) Organization of academic programs - regional, satellite, extension, etc.92.6
31) Best degree program of this kind3811.1
34) Christian education10.3
35) Pastoral care10.3
36) Biblical/theological/historical study10.3
39) Others MAR, 3-3, etc.30.9
40) Recommendation, encouragement, contacts, general20.6
41) Pastor51.5
43) Friends10.3
45) Seminary faculty/administration10.3
46) Seminary students20.6
48) Alumni/ae of this seminary144.1
50) School culture, atmosphere, point of view, general10.3
51) Balance between academic/school and practice/pastoral emphasis10.3
53) Emphasis on scholarly orientation (vs. institutional/professional) in study10.3
54) Liberal, liberation theologist51.5
55) Conservative, evangelical236.7
56) Ecumenical, international154.4
57) Social justice, political commitment, awareness30.9
58) Emphasis on Scripture, faithfulness to Christian tradition30.9
61) Diversity of perspective41.2
63) Good sense of community, welcoming, friendly atmosphere30.9
65) Presbyterian/Reformed connection, commitment30.9
66) Spirituality10.3
68) Inclusiveness - race/ethnic/gender20.6
81) Location (general, unspecified)329.4
82) Near home or family (spouse nearby or in school)7221.1
83) Region or climate (e.g., East, West Coast, South)10.3
84) Urban setting (Chicago, Atlanta, San Francisco)51.5
88) Special facilities (e.g., for handicapped)10.3
91) Pressure from presbytery or committee to attend30.9
92) God's call41.2
93) Other reasons30.9
Missing7 
TOTAL342100.0
45) What factors brought you to this school (Second factor)? (SCHLWHY2)
TOTAL%
11) School excellent, high reputation3513.5
12) Faculty reputation for excellence83.1
13) One or more specific faculty31.2
16) University connection - GTU, ACTS20.8
17) Intellectual/academic challenge; high-quality education10.4
21) Financial aid, support, costs103.9
22) Job opportunities, self or spouse124.6
23) Admissions helpful, friendly, personal attention20.8
24) School accepted, admitted me10.4
25) Housing opportunities10.4
26) Good placement prospects10.4
27) Organization of academic programs - regional, satellite, extension, etc.103.9
30) Academic programs, general20.8
31) Best degree program of this kind176.6
35) Pastoral care41.5
36) Biblical/theological/historical study31.2
37) Women's studies10.4
39) Others MAR, 3-3, etc.31.2
40) Recommendation, encouragement, contacts, general31.2
41) Pastor41.5
42) Family (parents, siblings, spouse)10.4
43) Friends62.3
45) Seminary faculty/administration41.5
46) Seminary students31.2
48) Alumni/ae of this seminary93.5
49) Others20.8
50) School culture, atmosphere, point of view, general20.8
51) Balance between academic/school and practice/pastoral emphasis10.4
52) Emphasis on practical (vs. abstract) orientation of study31.2
53) Emphasis on scholarly orientation (vs. institutional/professional) in study10.4
54) Liberal, liberation theologist62.3
55) Conservative, evangelical166.2
56) Ecumenical, international176.6
57) Social justice, political commitment, awareness20.8
58) Emphasis on Scripture, faithfulness to Christian tradition72.7
61) Diversity of perspective83.1
63) Good sense of community, welcoming, friendly atmosphere41.5
64) Contact with caring, helpful faculty10.4
65) Presbyterian/Reformed connection, commitment72.7
66) Spirituality10.4
68) Inclusiveness - race/ethnic/gender41.5
81) Location (general, unspecified)62.3
82) Near home or family (spouse nearby or in school)176.6
83) Region or climate (e.g., East, West Coast, South)10.4
84) Urban setting (Chicago, Atlanta, San Francisco)31.2
93) Other reasons41.5
Missing90 
TOTAL259100.0
46) What factors brought you to this school (Third factor)? (SCHLWHY3)
TOTAL%
11) School excellent, high reputation128.5
12) Faculty reputation for excellence53.5
13) One or more specific faculty10.7
16) University connection - GTU, ACTS10.7
17) Intellectual/academic challenge; high-quality education10.7
21) Financial aid, support, costs53.5
22) Job opportunities, self or spouse10.7
23) Admissions helpful, friendly, personal attention21.4
24) School accepted, admitted me10.7
26) Good placement prospects10.7
27) Organization of academic programs - regional, satellite, extension, etc.53.5
31) Best degree program of this kind85.7
32) Prepare for ministry in black community10.7
35) Pastoral care10.7
36) Biblical/theological/historical study10.7
39) Others MAR, 3-3, etc.53.5
40) Recommendation, encouragement, contacts, general10.7
41) Pastor32.1
43) Friends21.4
45) Seminary faculty/administration10.7
46) Seminary students10.7
47) Women10.7
48) Alumni/ae of this seminary42.8
49) Others21.4
50) School culture, atmosphere, point of view, general10.7
52) Emphasis on practical (vs. abstract) orientation of study75.0
54) Liberal, liberation theologist10.7
55) Conservative, evangelical96.4
56) Ecumenical, international75.0
57) Social justice, political commitment, awareness42.8
58) Emphasis on Scripture, faithfulness to Christian tradition10.7
61) Diversity of perspective64.3
63) Good sense of community, welcoming, friendly atmosphere32.1
65) Presbyterian/Reformed connection, commitment42.8
66) Spirituality42.8
68) Inclusiveness - race/ethnic/gender32.1
81) Location (general, unspecified)75.0
82) Near home or family (spouse nearby or in school)64.3
83) Region or climate (e.g., East, West Coast, South)21.4
84) Urban setting (Chicago, Atlanta, San Francisco)32.1
86) Characteristics of local community (other than urban)21.4
92) God's call10.7
93) Other reasons32.1
94) I am alumn(a/us), former student10.7
Missing208 
TOTAL141100.0
47) If you were not to be in some form of ministry, what other two kinds of work would interest you most (First response)? (OTHWK1)
TOTAL%
1) Teaching - general9729.8
2) Seminary30.9
3) College/university123.7
4) Elementary/secondary30.9
5) Education administration30.9
7) Coaching10.3
9) Other types of teaching41.2
10) Social services, helping professions generally20.6
11) Social work257.7
12) Human resources20.6
14) YMCA, YWCA, scouts, youth work10.3
19) Other social services61.8
20) Social/political action - general10.3
21) Human rights work20.6
22) Politics, government61.8
23) Environmental protection10.3
29) Other social action work41.2
30) Other professional and semi-professional occupations10.3
31) Medicine, psychiatry144.3
32) Counseling, therapy3811.7
33) Law123.7
36) Practice in psychology, sociology or related fields41.2
39) Other113.4
40) Scientific/technical - general51.5
41) Engineering41.2
42) Computer science30.9
50) Business and management - general10.3
51) Local business - funeral, pharmacy, travel etc.30.9
52) Business management, marketing61.8
53) Sales (various types)20.6
55) Office administration/management10.3
56) Public relations/advertising10.3
57) Restaurant management, food service catering, etc.20.6
58) Finance, investments, planning20.6
59) Other types of business & management30.9
60) Media and arts - general10.3
61) Theater/drama/art92.8
62) Writing103.1
63) Journalism20.6
64) Music20.6
65) Radio/TV (including news)30.9
69) Other10.3
71) Farming/ranching20.6
72) Forestry, ranger10.3
73) Naturalist10.3
74) Building trades (carpentry, etc.)30.9
75) Public safety (police, fire)10.3
92) Housewife, parenting10.3
98) Other specific types of work30.9
Missing23 
TOTAL326100.0
48) If you were not to be in some form of ministry, what other two kinds of work would interest you most (Second Response)? (OTHWK2)
TOTAL%
1) Teaching - general3612.5
2) Seminary20.7
3) College/university51.7
4) Elementary/secondary10.3
5) Education administration20.7
6) Special education20.7
7) Coaching20.7
9) Other types of teaching41.4
10) Social services, helping professions generally31.0
11) Social work227.6
12) Human resources41.4
14) YMCA, YWCA, scouts, youth work31.0
15) Alcohol, drug abuse counseling10.3
19) Other social services41.4
20) Social/political action - general10.3
22) Politics, government72.4
23) Environmental protection10.3
29) Other social action work41.4
31) Medicine, psychiatry82.8
32) Counseling, therapy289.7
33) Law93.1
36) Practice in psychology, sociology or related fields93.1
39) Other51.7
40) Scientific/technical - general41.4
41) Engineering31.0
42) Computer science62.1
50) Business and management - general31.0
51) Local business - funeral, pharmacy, travel etc.20.7
52) Business management, marketing144.9
53) Sales (various types)72.4
54) Real estate, insurance10.3
55) Office administration/management10.3
56) Public relations/advertising20.7
58) Finance, investments, planning41.4
59) Other types of business & management124.2
61) Theater/drama/art62.1
62) Writing144.9
63) Journalism82.8
64) Music124.2
65) Radio/TV (including news)10.3
69) Other31.0
71) Farming/ranching20.7
72) Forestry, ranger31.0
73) Naturalist10.3
74) Building trades (carpentry, etc.)62.1
79) Other trades10.3
91) Professional sports (golf, tennis, etc.)20.7
92) Housewife, parenting10.3
93) Various types of church work51.7
98) Other specific types of work10.3
Missing61 
TOTAL288100.0
49) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In what year did you first seriously consider the ministry? (YRDECID)
TOTAL%
42) 10.4
49) 10.4
50) 10.4
56) 10.4
57) 10.4
58) 10.4
59) 10.4
60) 10.4
61) 41.4
65) 20.7
67) 10.4
68) 31.1
70) 10.4
72) 41.4
73) 10.4
74) 10.4
75) 31.1
76) 114.0
77) 62.2
78) 41.4
79) 103.6
80) 155.4
81) 238.3
82) 145.1
83) 207.2
84) 279.7
85) 3111.2
86) 3512.6
87) 3111.2
88) 93.2
89) 134.7
Missing72 
TOTAL277100.0
50) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Do you intend to be ordained to the ministry? (INTORDIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20573.5
2) No113.9
3) Uncertain6322.6
Missing70 
TOTAL279100.0
51) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: If you are Presbyterian, in what year were you first admitted to inquiry or candidate status in your presbytery? (ICSTATUS)
TOTAL%
59) 10.4
76) 10.4
78) 10.4
80) 10.4
81) 10.4
82) 10.4
83) 31.3
84) 20.9
85) 41.7
86) 2310.0
87) 3615.7
88) 5222.6
89) 6729.1
90) 3716.1
Missing119 
TOTAL230100.0
52) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: If not an inquirer or candidate, do you intend to be? (ICINTEND)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2850.0
2) No916.1
3) Uncertain1933.9
Missing293 
TOTAL56100.0
53) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: When you were about 12 or 13, what kind of work did your mother do? (MOMWORK)
TOTAL%
11) Minister of music, youth director, other specialized parish professional staff10.4
20) Teacher, college professor3412.3
21) Musical performer, actor, artist, radio/TV performer, entertainer41.4
23) Medicine, doctor, dentist, nurse41.4
25) Psychologist, psychiatrist10.4
29) Other professional or technical: librarian, pharmacist, writing, personnel, programmer, foreign service145.1
32) Business owner, farm owner20.7
33) Corporate manager, business administrator31.1
39) Other business and managerial20.7
40) Sales worker41.4
41) Insurance sales (not owner or manager)10.4
42) Real estate sales (not owner or manager)10.4
49) Other sales10.4
50) Clerical work155.4
51) Secretary, stenographer176.1
59) Other office work20.7
70) Driver, operator10.4
71) Farmhand, employee10.4
72) Other forms of semiskilled work20.7
80) Laborer51.8
81) Domestic20.7
82) Service worker n.e.c. (not elsewhere classified)51.8
91) Government n.e.c10.4
92) Housewife, homemaker14853.4
93) Student31.1
94) Unemployed - retired, disabled, etc.31.1
Missing72 
TOTAL277100.0
54) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: When you were about 12 or 13, what kind of work did your father do? (DADWORK)
TOTAL%
10) Clergy, minister (unmodified)134.9
20) Teacher, college professor2710.1
21) Musical performer, actor, artist, radio/TV performer, entertainer31.1
22) Social worker, counselor10.4
23) Medicine, doctor, dentist, nurse197.1
24) Lawyer, political leader103.7
26) Technical, engineering or scientific field3111.6
29) Other professional or technical: librarian, pharmacist, writing, personnel, programming, foreign service155.6
30) Public official10.4
31) Banker72.6
32) Business owner, farm owner176.3
33) Corporate manager, business administrator114.1
35) Retail business manager (not owner)41.5
36) Farm manager51.9
39) Other business and managerial186.7
40) Sales worker176.3
41) Insurance sales (not owner or manager)83.0
42) Real estate sales (not owner or manager)10.4
49) Other sales62.2
50) Clerical work10.4
60) Foreman62.2
61) Craftsman, mechanic, journeyman, etc.197.1
69) Other skilled41.5
70) Driver, operator20.7
72) Other forms of semiskilled work41.5
80) Laborer62.2
82) Service worker n.e.c. (not elsewhere classified)41.5
90) Military n.e.c.31.1
91) Government n.e.c41.5
94) Unemployed - retired, disabled, etc.10.4
Missing81 
TOTAL268100.0
55) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS; REFERS TO PARENTS LEVEL OF EDUCATION: What was the highest number of years of education completed by either one of them? (PAREDUC)
TOTAL%
4) 10.4
8) 41.4
9) 10.4
10) 31.1
11) 20.7
12) 4616.7
13) 134.7
14) 207.2
15) 41.4
16) 6322.8
17) 62.2
18) 4516.3
19) 176.2
20) 3914.1
21) 72.5
22) 31.1
23) 10.4
60) 10.4
Missing73 
TOTAL276100.0
56) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In what kind of area did you live when you were about 12 or 13 years old? (AREATYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Farm area or small town4215.1
2) Medium-sized town or city7727.6
3) Suburban or middle-class residential area of large city13648.7
4) Working-class/blue-collar area of large city145.0
5) Inner city or low-income area of large city72.5
6) Other31.1
Missing70 
TOTAL279100.0
57) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: When you were about 12 or 13 was your involvement in church life: (CHURCHED)
TOTAL%
1) Extensive12946.1
2) Moderate7426.4
3) Minimal/none7727.5
Missing69 
TOTAL280100.0
58) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In what state did you live the longest as a youngster? (CHILDLOC)
TOTAL%
0) Western Europe20.7
3) Asia31.1
4) Africa20.7
5) Latin America20.7
6) Canada10.4
7) U.S. territories41.5
9) West Indies/Caribbean10.4
11) Connecticut20.7
13) Massachusetts41.5
16) Vermont10.4
21) New Jersey82.9
22) New York248.8
23) Pennsylvania145.1
30) Illinois62.2
31) Indiana51.8
32) Michigan62.2
33) Ohio145.1
34) Wisconsin20.7
40) Iowa51.8
41) Kansas51.8
42) Minnesota124.4
43) Missouri62.2
44) Nebraska10.4
46) South Dakota10.4
50) Delaware31.1
52) Florida20.7
53) Georgia20.7
54) Maryland82.9
55) North Carolina62.2
56) South Carolina20.7
57) Virginia93.3
58) West Virginia10.4
60) Alabama20.7
61) Kentucky31.1
62) Mississippi10.4
63) Tennessee20.7
70) Arkansas10.4
71) Louisiana41.5
72) Oklahoma31.1
73) Texas103.7
81) Colorado93.3
84) Nevada10.4
85) New Mexico10.4
91) California5118.7
92) Hawaii10.4
93) Oregon20.7
94) Washington186.6
Missing76 
TOTAL273100.0
59) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Pastor of local church (PASTRANK)
TOTAL%
1) 8344.1
2) 4825.5
3) 2714.4
4) 115.9
5) 52.7
7) 73.7
8) Selected, but not ranked73.7
Missing161 
TOTAL188100.0
60) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Senior minister of large church (SRMINRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 7440.7
2) 4725.8
3) 2614.3
4) 147.7
5) 84.4
6) 31.6
7) 52.7
8) Selected, but not ranked52.7
Missing167 
TOTAL182100.0
61) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Staff/specialized ministry in large church (STAFFRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 49.3
2) 614.0
3) 716.3
4) 818.6
5) 37.0
6) 49.3
7) 1125.6
Missing306 
TOTAL43100.0
62) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Teaching in college or seminary (TEACHRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 2328.0
2) 1923.2
3) 1518.3
4) 67.3
5) 78.5
6) 44.9
7) 78.5
8) Selected, but not ranked11.2
Missing267 
TOTAL82100.0
63) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Campus ministry (CAMPRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 8239.8
2) 5928.6
3) 2612.6
4) 136.3
5) 136.3
6) 21.0
7) 41.9
8) Selected, but not ranked73.4
Missing143 
TOTAL206100.0
64) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Judicatory or agency executive or staff (EXECRANK)
TOTAL%
1) 5028.6
2) 4324.6
3) 4224.0
4) 1910.9
5) 84.6
6) 52.9
7) 21.1
8) Selected, but not ranked63.4
Missing174 
TOTAL175100.0
65) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Chaplaincy (hospital, military, etc.) (CHAPRANK)
TOTAL%
1) 1311.4
2) 2723.7
3) 2118.4
4) 1614.0
5) 1210.5
6) 76.1
7) 119.6
8) Selected, but not ranked76.1
Missing235 
TOTAL114100.0
66) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Community action or social service work (SSERRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 4025.6
2) 4025.6
3) 2918.6
4) 1811.5
5) 117.1
6) 74.5
7) 53.2
8) Selected, but not ranked63.8
Missing193 
TOTAL156100.0
67) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Missionary work (foreign/U.S.A.) (MISSRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 1110.5
2) 2321.9
3) 2725.7
4) 1514.3
5) 109.5
6) 65.7
7) 109.5
8) Selected, but not ranked32.9
Missing244 
TOTAL105100.0
68) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Secular work/tentmaker (self-supporting but doing church work) ministry (SECRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 22.6
2) 1722.4
3) 1418.4
4) 911.8
5) 1013.2
6) 911.8
7) 1215.8
8) Selected, but not ranked33.9
Missing273 
TOTAL76100.0
69) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Secular work outside ministry (SEC2RNK)
TOTAL%
1) 35.3
2) 58.8
3) 814.0
4) 1017.5
5) 610.5
6) 47.0
7) 1729.8
8) Selected, but not ranked47.0
Missing292 
TOTAL57100.0
70) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Doctoral study (degree) (DOCRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 610.0
2) 1016.7
3) 1220.0
4) 35.0
5) 58.3
6) 610.0
7) 1626.7
8) Selected, but not ranked23.3
Missing289 
TOTAL60100.0
71) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work that interest you after graduation; give 1 to your strongest interest--Other (OTHRNK)
TOTAL%
1) 2419.4
2) 2116.9
3) 3125.0
4) 1310.5
5) 1310.5
6) 64.8
7) 97.3
8) Selected, but not ranked75.6
Missing225 
TOTAL124100.0
72) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Pastor of local church (FUTPAST)
TOTAL%
1) 2020.0
2) 1818.0
3) 1616.0
4) 1212.0
5) 1313.0
6) 55.0
7) 1010.0
8) Selected, but not ranked66.0
Missing249 
TOTAL100100.0
73) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Senior minister of large church (FUTSRMIN)
TOTAL%
1) 1412.0
2) 1916.2
3) 2017.1
4) 2218.8
5) 1512.8
6) 1210.3
7) 108.5
8) Selected, but not ranked54.3
Missing232 
TOTAL117100.0
74) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Staff/specialized ministry in large church (FUTSTAFF)
TOTAL%
1) 1112.2
2) 1516.7
3) 1213.3
4) 1820.0
5) 1314.4
6) 77.8
7) 1011.1
8) Selected, but not ranked44.4
Missing259 
TOTAL90100.0
75) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Teaching in college or seminary (FUTTEACH)
TOTAL%
1) 1312.0
2) 1816.7
3) 2018.5
4) 2422.2
5) 109.3
6) 65.6
7) 109.3
8) Selected, but not ranked76.5
Missing241 
TOTAL108100.0
76) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Campus ministry (FUTCAMP)
TOTAL%
1) 1414.0
2) 1616.0
3) 1717.0
4) 2020.0
5) 44.0
6) 1010.0
7) 1313.0
8) Selected, but not ranked66.0
Missing249 
TOTAL100100.0
77) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Judicatory or agency executive or staff (FUTEXEC)
TOTAL%
1) 34.4
2) 1014.7
3) 913.2
4) 913.2
5) 1217.6
6) 1116.2
7) 1217.6
8) Selected, but not ranked22.9
Missing281 
TOTAL68100.0
78) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Chaplaincy (hospital, military, etc.) (FUTCHAP)
TOTAL%
1) 24.0
2) 48.0
3) 1020.0
4) 714.0
5) 714.0
6) 48.0
7) 1428.0
8) Selected, but not ranked24.0
Missing299 
TOTAL50100.0
79) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Community action or social service work (FUTSOCSE)
TOTAL%
1) 48.0
2) 714.0
3) 510.0
4) 510.0
5) 918.0
6) 36.0
7) 1428.0
8) Selected, but not ranked36.0
Missing299 
TOTAL50100.0
80) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Missionary work (foreign/U.S.A.) (FUTMISS)
TOTAL%
1) 612.0
2) 714.0
3) 816.0
4) 510.0
5) 714.0
6) 48.0
7) 1224.0
8) Selected, but not ranked12.0
Missing299 
TOTAL50100.0
81) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Secular work/tentmaker ministry (FUTSEC)
TOTAL%
1) 1716.0
2) 1413.2
3) 1716.0
4) 1716.0
5) 76.6
6) 109.4
7) 1413.2
8) Selected, but not ranked109.4
Missing243 
TOTAL106100.0
82) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Secular work outside ministry (FUTSEC2)
TOTAL%
1) 1918.3
2) 1817.3
3) 1716.3
4) 2322.1
5) 76.7
6) 32.9
7) 98.7
8) Selected, but not ranked87.7
Missing245 
TOTAL104100.0
83) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Doctoral study (degree) (FUTDOC)
TOTAL%
1) 2148.8
2) 920.9
3) 24.7
4) 24.7
5) 49.3
7) 24.7
8) Selected, but not ranked37.0
Missing306 
TOTAL43100.0
84) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Please rank the kinds of work you hope to be doing 10 years after graduation; give 1 to your strongest preference--Other (FUTOTH)
TOTAL%
1) 2457.1
2) 511.9
3) 49.5
4) 37.1
5) 24.8
7) 12.4
8) Selected, but not ranked37.1
Missing307 
TOTAL42100.0
85) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: Has the kind of work you prefer changed substantially as a result of your experiences in theological school? (WORKPREF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9333.5
2) No18566.5
Missing71 
TOTAL278100.0
86) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS; REFERS TO CHANGE IN WORK PREFERENCE AS A RESULT OF THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL EXPERIENCES (WORKPREF) : If yes, how has it changed? (WKPRCHNG)
TOTAL%
10) Toward local church ministry-general1920.7
11) Toward solo local church ministry1010.9
12) Toward staff/group/large church ministry22.2
14) Toward preaching, pulpit work22.2
20) Toward specialized ministries - general66.5
21) Toward judicatory/agency staff11.1
22) Toward mission work33.3
23) Toward advanced study/doctorate/teaching/education1010.9
25) Toward clinical/hospital chaplaincy44.3
26) Toward campus ministry11.1
27) Toward counseling/pastoral care44.3
29) Toward other specialized ministries55.4
40) General "toward" answers without church reference99.8
41) Toward other professions (medicine, etc.)22.2
50) Away from ministry - general33.3
51) Away from local church ministry-general22.2
62) Away from mission work22.2
65) Away from clinical/hospital chaplaincy22.2
90) Nonspecific answers (e.g., better tools, more intense, larger vision, etc.)55.4
Missing257 
TOTAL92100.0
87) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: How definite are you about the kind of work you intend to do? (WKINTENT)
TOTAL%
1) Very definite9233.1
2) Pretty definite10537.8
3) Considering several7225.9
4) Unsure93.2
Missing71 
TOTAL278100.0
88) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: In the period just before entering this degree program, were you active in a church? (CHACTIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27096.1
2) No113.9
Missing68 
TOTAL281100.0
89) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS; REFERS TO WHETHER OR NOT INDIVIDUAL WAS ACTIVE IN A CHURCH JUST PRIOR TO ENTERING THE DEGREE PROGRAM (CHACTIVE): If yes, about how many members did it have? (NUMMEMB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2691147.9551351
90) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS; REFERS TO WHETHER OR NOT INDIVIDUAL WAS ACTIVE IN A CHURCH JUST PRIOR TO ENTERING THE DEGREE PROGRAM (CHACTIVE): What denomination was it? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
1) Baptist/American Baptist Convention10.4
2) Baptist/Southern Baptist Convention10.4
3) Baptist(unspecified)51.8
4) Baptist/other groups10.4
6) Church of Christ10.4
11) Episcopal/Protestant Episcopal Church10.4
12) Evangelical Free Church10.4
13) Evangelical Covenant Church10.4
15) Independent nondenominational groups93.3
16) Interdenominational groups31.1
17) Lutheran Church in America10.4
22) Methodist/United Methodist Church41.5
26) Presbyterian Church (USA)22884.1
28) Presbyterian/United Presbyterian Church in the USA31.1
39) United Church of Christ10.4
41) Assemblies of God41.5
51) Independent Presbyterian (Presbyterian Church in America)31.1
91) Other31.1
Missing78 
TOTAL271100.0
91) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS AND WHO WERE ACTIVE IN A CHURCH JUST PRIOR TO ENTERING THE DEGREE PROGRAM (CHACTIVE): How influential was it in your decision to enter the seminary? (DENOMINF)
TOTAL%
1) Very11242.1
2) Moderately8833.1
3) To a small degree4015.0
4) Not at all269.8
Missing83 
TOTAL266100.0
92) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What persons mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (First person)? (PERSINF1)
TOTAL%
10) Family, parents, general146.1
11) Mother52.2
12) Father52.2
14) Spouse146.1
15) Other relatives20.9
20) Clergy - general (role models, etc.)52.2
21) Pastor in childhood or youth73.0
22) Pastor in current (home) church8034.6
24) Women pastors62.6
26) Campus minister93.9
27) Seminary intern10.4
28) Other clergy friends156.5
29) Other clergy135.6
31) Sunday school teachers10.4
32) College teachers20.9
34) Director of Church Education or Youth Ministry104.3
39) Other teachers31.3
40) Church members, "my church" in general83.5
41) Elders or officers20.9
42) Lay people52.2
50) Friends - general229.5
62) God, Christ, Holy Spirit20.9
Missing118 
TOTAL231100.0
93) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What persons mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (Second person)? (PERSINF2)
TOTAL%
10) Family, parents, general107.2
12) Father10.7
14) Spouse53.6
20) Clergy - general (role models, etc.)10.7
21) Pastor in childhood or youth32.2
22) Pastor in current (home) church1410.1
24) Women pastors32.2
25) Judicatory staff/executive (Presbytery, Synod, National)42.9
26) Campus minister42.9
27) Seminary intern21.4
28) Other clergy friends107.2
29) Other clergy75.1
30) Teachers - general21.4
31) Sunday school teachers10.7
32) College teachers64.3
33) Seminary teachers42.9
34) Director of Church Education or Youth Ministry53.6
39) Other teachers10.7
40) Church members, "my church" in general139.4
41) Elders or officers10.7
42) Lay people53.6
49) Other categories32.2
50) Friends - general3223.2
62) God, Christ, Holy Spirit10.7
Missing211 
TOTAL138100.0
94) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What experiences mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry(First experience)? (EXPINF1)
TOTAL%
11) Experience of call by God, Scriptures, Holy Spirit3819.3
12) Born again, conversion, faith experiences63.0
13) Prayer and fasting, seeking73.6
14) Sense of confirmation of talents and gifts for ministry84.1
15) Desire to study, to know84.1
16) Desire to lead, love of the work21.0
17) Imperative to act on commitment, be accountable for call10.5
19) Other inner experiences94.6
20) Benefits of church's program in youth - general31.5
22) Youth program in high school10.5
30) Work within church organization63.0
31) Taking leadership in home church (teaching, preaching, etc.)189.1
32) Mission trips (VIM, summer)126.1
33) Working in judicatory or on task forces or ecumenical groups21.0
34) Social services activities31.5
35) Youth program leadership189.1
39) Other church work94.6
41) College student group10.5
42) College experiences (e.g., social action, etc.)52.5
43) Conference and retreat experiences (e.g., Montreat, Youth Triennium, Young Life, Inter-Varsity)157.6
44) Work experience: teaching, parenting, weapons design, etc.63.0
49) Others21.0
51) Classes, films, books42.0
52) Personal illness, disability42.0
53) Events relating to women in church10.5
54) Life situations - general73.6
59) Other miscellaneous experiences10.5
Missing152 
TOTAL197100.0
95) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE STUDENTS IN M.DIV PROGRAMS: What experiences mainly encouraged you to enter the ministry (Second Experience)? (EXPINF2)
TOTAL%
11) Experience of call by God, Scriptures, Holy Spirit65.6
12) Born again, conversion, faith experiences10.9
14) Sense of confirmation of talents and gifts for ministry76.5
15) Desire to study, to know21.9
16) Desire to lead, love of the work10.9
17) Imperative to act on commitment, be accountable for call21.9
19) Other inner experiences43.7
20) Benefits of church's program in youth - general10.9
23) Church camping21.9
30) Work within church organization65.6
31) Taking leadership in home church (teaching, preaching, etc.)1312.1
32) Mission trips (VIM, summer)87.5
33) Working in judicatory or on task forces or ecumenical groups76.5
34) Social services activities43.7
35) Youth program leadership54.7
39) Other church work43.7
42) College experiences (e.g., social action, etc.)32.8
43) Conference and retreat experiences (e.g., Montreat, Youth Triennium, Young Life, Inter-Varsity)65.6
44) Work experience teaching, parenting, weapons design, etc.32.8
45) Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) or chaplaincy/clinical experiences10.9
49) Others21.9
51) Classes, films, books10.9
52) Personal illness, disability32.8
53) Events relating to women in church10.9
54) Life situations - general1312.1
59) Other miscellaneous experiences10.9
Missing242 
TOTAL107100.0
96) Your most influential early religious training (First). (CHILDRT1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist5616.5
2) E Evangelical7522.1
3) LIB Liberationist10.3
4) M Middle-of-road10230.0
5) NE Neo-orthodox226.5
6) L Liberal319.1
7) B Black theology10.3
8) NM Not much of anything226.5
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal30.9
10) FEM Feminist20.6
11) A Arminian30.9
12) Conservative (write-in)20.6
13) Reformed/Presbyterian20.6
14) Baptist (Ana)10.3
15) Roman Catholic113.2
16) Anglican10.3
98) Other51.5
Missing9 
TOTAL340100.0
97) Your most influential early religious training (Second). (CHILDRT2)
TOTAL%
2) E Evangelical1133.3
4) M Middle-of-road26.1
5) NE Neo-orthodox26.1
6) L Liberal515.2
7) B Black theology13.0
8) NM Not much of anything13.0
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal824.2
12) Conservative (write-in)13.0
13) Reformed/Presbyterian26.1
Missing316 
TOTAL33100.0
98) Your most influential early religious training (Third). (CHILDRT3)
TOTAL%
4) M Middle-of-road125.0
6) L Liberal125.0
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal125.0
11) A Arminian125.0
Missing345 
TOTAL4100.0
99) The dominant religious views of the church you attended just before entering this degree program (First). (RECRT1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist154.4
2) E Evangelical15244.8
3) LIB Liberationist51.5
4) M Middle-of-road9227.1
5) NE Neo-orthodox205.9
6) L Liberal3911.5
7) B Black theology20.6
8) NM Not much of anything30.9
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal61.8
11) A Arminian10.3
12) Conservative (write-in)10.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian20.6
15) Roman Catholic10.3
Missing10 
TOTAL339100.0
100) The dominant religious views of the church you attended just before entering this degree program (Second). (RECRT2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist11.9
2) E Evangelical1629.6
4) M Middle-of-road916.7
5) NE Neo-orthodox47.4
6) L Liberal713.0
8) NM Not much of anything11.9
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal713.0
10) FEM Feminist59.3
11) A Arminian11.9
12) Conservative (write-in)11.9
13) Reformed/Presbyterian23.7
Missing295 
TOTAL54100.0
101) The dominant religious views of the church you attended just before entering this degree program (Third). (RECRT3)
TOTAL%
2) E Evangelical120.0
3) LIB Liberationist120.0
4) M Middle-of-road120.0
6) L Liberal120.0
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal120.0
Missing344 
TOTAL5100.0
102) Your point of view when you decided to come to this school (First). (POVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist154.4
2) E Evangelical16247.1
3) LIB Liberationist144.1
4) M Middle-of-road5114.8
5) NE Neo-orthodox267.6
6) L Liberal4713.7
7) B Black theology10.3
8) NM Not much of anything10.3
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal72.0
10) FEM Feminist113.2
11) A Arminian10.3
12) Conservative (write-in)10.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian41.2
98) Other30.9
Missing5 
TOTAL344100.0
103) Your point of view when you decided to come to this school (Second). (POVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist45.3
2) E Evangelical1925.3
3) LIB Liberationist68.0
4) M Middle-of-road1216.0
5) NE Neo-orthodox11.3
6) L Liberal79.3
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal1114.7
10) FEM Feminist1216.0
12) Conservative (write-in)11.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian22.7
Missing274 
TOTAL75100.0
104) Your point of view when you decided to come to this school (Third). (POVIEW3)
TOTAL%
3) LIB Liberationist112.5
6) L Liberal112.5
7) B Black theology112.5
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal225.0
10) FEM Feminist337.5
Missing341 
TOTAL8100.0
105) Your point of view now (First). (POVIEW4)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist61.8
2) E Evangelical16347.9
3) LIB Liberationist257.4
4) M Middle-of-road4112.1
5) NE Neo-orthodox195.6
6) L Liberal4212.4
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal61.8
10) FEM Feminist216.2
11) A Arminian20.6
12) Conservative (write-in)10.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian51.5
14) Baptist (Ana)10.3
98) Other82.4
Missing9 
TOTAL340100.0
106) Your point of view now (Second). (POVIEW5)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist54.6
2) E Evangelical1715.6
3) LIB Liberationist1311.9
4) M Middle-of-road109.2
5) NE Neo-orthodox43.7
6) L Liberal1816.5
7) B Black theology10.9
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal1110.1
10) FEM Feminist2220.2
12) Conservative (write-in)10.9
13) Reformed/Presbyterian65.5
98) Other10.9
Missing240 
TOTAL109100.0
107) Your point of view now (Third). (POVIEW6)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist13.6
3) LIB Liberationist310.7
5) NE Neo-orthodox725.0
6) L Liberal310.7
7) B Black theology27.1
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal414.3
10) FEM Feminist828.6
Missing321 
TOTAL28100.0
108) The dominant point of view among students in this school (First). (STVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist82.5
2) E Evangelical16550.9
3) LIB Liberationist237.1
4) M Middle-of-road3912.0
5) NE Neo-orthodox61.9
6) L Liberal5216.0
7) B Black theology51.5
8) NM Not much of anything10.3
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal30.9
10) FEM Feminist82.5
11) A Arminian10.3
12) Conservative (write-in)20.6
13) Reformed/Presbyterian20.6
16) Anglican10.3
98) Other82.5
Missing25 
TOTAL324100.0
109) The dominant point of view among students in this school (Second). (STVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist89.6
2) E Evangelical78.4
3) LIB Liberationist1214.5
4) M Middle-of-road1416.9
5) NE Neo-orthodox44.8
6) L Liberal1214.5
7) B Black theology33.6
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal56.0
10) FEM Feminist1315.7
11) A Arminian11.2
12) Conservative (write-in)11.2
13) Reformed/Presbyterian22.4
16) Anglican11.2
Missing266 
TOTAL83100.0
110) The dominant point of view among students in this school (Third). (STVIEW3)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist25.6
2) E Evangelical25.6
3) LIB Liberationist411.1
4) M Middle-of-road12.8
5) NE Neo-orthodox12.8
6) L Liberal513.9
7) B Black theology719.4
8) NM Not much of anything12.8
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal38.3
10) FEM Feminist925.0
11) A Arminian12.8
Missing313 
TOTAL36100.0
111) The dominant point of view among faculty in this school (First). (FACVIEW1)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist41.2
2) E Evangelical16650.2
3) LIB Liberationist267.9
4) M Middle-of-road3510.6
5) NE Neo-orthodox164.8
6) L Liberal6519.6
7) B Black theology10.3
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal10.3
10) FEM Feminist61.8
11) A Arminian10.3
12) Conservative (write-in)10.3
13) Reformed/Presbyterian30.9
16) Anglican10.3
98) Other51.5
Missing18 
TOTAL331100.0
112) The dominant point of view among faculty in this school (Second). (FACVIEW2)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist22.8
2) E Evangelical56.9
3) LIB Liberationist912.5
4) M Middle-of-road1318.1
5) NE Neo-orthodox68.3
6) L Liberal1216.7
7) B Black theology79.7
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal34.2
10) FEM Feminist1013.9
12) Conservative (write-in)11.4
13) Reformed/Presbyterian45.6
Missing277 
TOTAL72100.0
113) The dominant point of view among faculty in this school (Third). (FACVIEW3)
TOTAL%
1) F Fundamentalist12.9
2) E Evangelical25.9
3) LIB Liberationist25.9
4) M Middle-of-road12.9
5) NE Neo-orthodox617.6
6) L Liberal514.7
7) B Black theology823.5
9) C Charismatic/Pentecostal12.9
10) FEM Feminist617.6
11) A Arminian12.9
98) Other12.9
Missing315 
TOTAL34100.0
114) Bible's literal authority (1), vs. historical context (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL1)
TOTAL%
1) 92.6
2) 4111.9
3) 9126.5
4) 9527.6
5) 10831.4
Missing5 
TOTAL344100.0
115) Oriented to scholarly study (1) vs. effective ministry (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL2)
TOTAL%
1) 102.9
2) 4212.1
3) 17450.1
4) 9126.2
5) 308.6
Missing2 
TOTAL347100.0
116) God as transcendent (1) vs. God as immanent(5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL3)
TOTAL%
1) 4814.2
2) 10129.8
3) 12938.1
4) 4413.0
5) 175.0
Missing10 
TOTAL339100.0
117) Priority on community ministry (1) vs. individual ministry (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL4)
TOTAL%
1) 154.3
2) 7822.6
3) 20058.0
4) 4713.6
5) 51.4
Missing4 
TOTAL345100.0
118) Ministry within denomination system (1) vs. independent of it (5) 1 if you lean more to the view on the left, 5 if you lean more to the view on the right, and 3 if you embrace both views about equally. (LRSCAL5)
TOTAL%
1) 11733.9
2) 10731.0
3) 7521.7
4) 3510.1
5) 113.2
Missing4 
TOTAL345100.0
119) Theologically, where would you locate yourself on a conservative-to-liberal spectrum--1 being most conservative and 7 being most liberal (LCSCALE)
TOTAL%
1) 61.8
2) 5215.2
3) 8324.3
4) 6619.4
5) 5817.0
6) 5315.5
7) 236.7
Missing8 
TOTAL341100.0
120) Was the college or university from which you graduated (COLLTYP1)
TOTAL%
1) Church-related11232.5
2) Private nonchurch8023.2
3) Public15344.3
Missing4 
TOTAL345100.0
121) Was the college or university from which you graduated (COLLTYP2)
TOTAL%
1) A four-year school11834.8
2) Four-year plus some graduate4613.6
3) University17250.7
4) Other30.9
Missing10 
TOTAL339100.0
122) Was the college or university from which you graduated a Presbyterian college? (COLLPRB)
TOTAL%
1) No29887.4
2) Yes4312.6
Missing8 
TOTAL341100.0
123) ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO GRADUATED FROM A PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE (COLLPRB): If yes, which one? (PCNAME)
TOTAL%
3) Austin13.7
4) Centre13.7
6) College of the Ozarks13.7
8) Davidson414.8
16) Macalester13.7
17) Maryville13.7
18) Occidental13.7
23) Trinity27.4
25) Waynesburg13.7
27) Whitworth311.1
29) Wooster13.7
30) Lewis and Clark311.1
32) University of Tulsa27.4
36) Monmouth13.7
39) Erskine13.7
40) Knoxville13.7
44) King (TN)13.7
45) Hastings13.7
Missing322 
TOTAL27100.0
124) What was your major? (MAJOR)
TOTAL%
10) Religion - general236.7
11) Bible (OT, NT)61.7
12) Christian (religion) education51.5
15) Pastoral ministry10.3
16) Theology51.5
19) Other religious majors30.9
20) Humanities - general61.7
21) Classics10.3
22) English, literature226.4
23) Fine arts, art, music144.1
24) Journalism, writing30.9
25) Languages, modern61.7
27) Philosophy133.8
28) Speech, theater82.3
29) Other humanities10.3
30) Social sciences - general10.3
31) Anthropology30.9
32) Area studies (America, Appalachians, etc.)20.6
33) Economics102.9
34) History257.3
35) International studies/relations30.9
36) Political science144.1
37) Psychology3710.8
38) Sociology113.2
39) Other social sciences51.5
40) Natural sciences - general10.3
42) Biology82.3
43) Chemistry10.3
46) Math/statistics51.5
49) Other natural sciences30.9
50) Applied sciences - general20.6
52) Engineering (electrical, civil, mechanical)113.2
55) Health education51.5
56) Medical tech10.3
59) Other applied sciences133.8
60) Social work and applied social services20.6
61) Broadcasting, communication61.7
62) Community service, development, recreation20.6
65) Education216.1
66) Family/child/human development10.3
69) Other social services10.3
70) Business and management10.3
71) Accounting20.6
72) Business data processing, including management information systems10.3
73) Finance10.3
74) Management, business administration226.4
75) Marketing, merchandising, public relations, advertising10.3
92) Liberal arts10.3
93) Physical education20.6
95) Pre-med10.3
Missing6 
TOTAL343100.0
125) What was your minor or second major? (MINOR)
TOTAL%
10) Religion - general167.2
11) Bible (OT, NT)62.7
12) Christian (religion) education31.3
14) Greek10.4
16) Theology20.9
19) Other religious majors41.8
22) English, literature2511.2
23) Fine arts, art, music73.1
24) Journalism, writing10.4
25) Languages, modern135.8
26) Languages, classical10.4
27) Philosophy104.5
28) Speech, theater52.2
29) Other humanities10.4
31) Anthropology31.3
32) Area studies (America, Appalachians, etc.)20.9
33) Economics20.9
34) History146.3
35) International studies/relations10.4
36) Political science94.0
37) Psychology104.5
38) Sociology73.1
39) Other social sciences62.7
40) Natural sciences - general41.8
42) Biology20.9
43) Chemistry31.3
44) Computer science20.9
46) Math/statistics41.8
49) Other natural sciences20.9
52) Engineering (electrical, civil, mechanical)10.4
53) Environmental health20.9
59) Other applied sciences31.3
60) Social work and applied social services10.4
61) Broadcasting, communication52.2
62) Community service, development, recreation20.9
63) Counseling, industrial psychology31.3
64) Criminology10.4
65) Education125.4
66) Family/child/human development20.9
67) Library science10.4
68) Public administration10.4
70) Business and management41.8
71) Accounting20.9
73) Finance10.4
74) Management, business administration73.1
75) Marketing, merchandising, public relations, advertising41.8
90) General and pre-professional10.4
95) Pre-med31.3
98) Others n. e. c.10.4
Missing126 
TOTAL223100.0
126) About what was your final college GPA? (GPA)
TOTAL%
17) C-20.6
20) C82.3
23) C+205.8
27) B-4513.0
30) B6017.4
33) B+9627.8
37) A-7622.0
40) A3811.0
Missing4 
TOTAL345100.0
127) What is your racial/ethnic self-identification? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) Native American/American Indian82.3
2) Asian/Asian American144.1
3) Black/African American92.6
4) Hispanic/Latin American102.9
5) White/Anglo/Caucasian29586.0
6) Other72.0
Missing6 
TOTAL343100.0
128) Are you: (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male16547.7
2) Female18152.3
Missing3 
TOTAL346100.0
129) Approximately what was your average before-taxes income for a typical year just before you began this degree program? Digits, representing the thousands of dollars (e.g., an answer of $78,000 is coded as 078; $17,000 coded as 017; $800 would be rounded up to $1000 and coded 001) (INCOME)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL31826.95327
130) Considering the degree program you are now in, name two or three of this school's best qualities (First). (SCHQUAL1)
TOTAL%
10) Academic standards and scholarly resources - generally good41.2
11) Scholarly reputation, prestige278.1
13) Faculty, professors - general5115.2
14) Some professors excellent82.4
15) Young or up-to-date faculty10.3
16) Library30.9
17) Connection with other schools, universities (GTU, Chicago Association, etc.)30.9
21) Flexibility of program in meeting student needs41.2
27) Organization of academic programs - extension, etc.30.9
30) Academic programs & disciplines - generally good30.9
31) Field placement, internships10.3
32) Biblical studies (OT, NT)133.9
33) Theology92.7
34) History10.3
38) Language studies10.3
39) Teaching practices, approach to learning20.6
40) Pastoral care, counseling41.2
41) Emphasis on practical skills41.2
43) Class size10.3
44) Diversity of courses/variety103.0
46) Excellent degree program of this kind82.4
47) Integration of theology and social sciences10.3
49) Other programs - e.g., global orientation, etc.61.8
51) Good balance of school/academic and ministry/practical - (head/heart)41.2
53) Plurality/diversity of views288.4
56) Scripture-centered, Evangelical257.5
57) Middle of road10.3
58) Social justice concerns, community involvement, controversy41.2
62) Intellectual challenge154.5
63) Presbyterian/denominational orientation10.3
64) Ecumenism257.5
65) Fairness, independent thought encouragement, freedom of thought, academic freedom61.8
71) Emphasis on close community103.0
72) Openness, inclusive (of women and minorities) readily accepted51.5
73) Diversity of student body123.6
74) Faculty interest in students, access to faculty133.9
75) Spirituality, chapel program51.5
76) Supportive groups (prayer, study, etc.)20.6
79) Other specific10.3
81) Financial aid program10.3
83) Location41.2
85) Bookstore10.3
86) Size30.9
92) I don't know, haven't been here long enough, etc.10.3
Missing14 
TOTAL335100.0
131) Considering the degree program you are now in, name two or three of this school's best qualities (Second). (SCHQUAL2)
TOTAL%
11) Scholarly reputation, prestige123.8
12) Technical or media resources10.3
13) Faculty, professors - general247.6
14) Some professors excellent92.8
16) Library92.8
18) Women faculty10.3
19) Other specific10.3
21) Flexibility of program in meeting student needs72.2
23) Strong purpose, clear mission10.3
27) Organization of academic programs - extension, etc.41.3
28) Specific staff member(s) mentioned10.3
30) Academic programs & disciplines - generally good10.3
31) Field placement, internships41.3
32) Biblical studies (OT, NT)61.9
33) Theology20.6
34) History10.3
35) Preaching, homiletics, speech20.6
36) Church administration10.3
37) Church education, educational emphasis20.6
38) Language studies10.3
39) Teaching practices, approach to learning20.6
40) Pastoral care, counseling41.3
41) Emphasis on practical skills113.5
43) Class size20.6
44) Diversity of courses/variety72.2
46) Excellent degree program of this kind72.2
49) Other programs - e.g., global orientation, etc.103.2
51) Good balance of school/academic and ministry/practical - (head/heart)123.8
53) Plurality/diversity of views3711.7
54) Black theology, African-American studies10.3
55) Liberal, liberationist10.3
56) Scripture-centered, Evangelical196.0
57) Middle of road10.3
58) Social justice concerns, community involvement, controversy72.2
62) Intellectual challenge134.1
63) Presbyterian/denominational orientation30.9
64) Ecumenism61.9
65) Fairness, independent thought encouragement, freedom of thought, academic freedom103.2
66) Feminist theology, gender issues20.6
69) Other contextual, process10.3
71) Emphasis on close community92.8
72) Openness, inclusive (of women and minorities) readily accepted103.2
73) Diversity of student body185.7
74) Faculty interest in students, access to faculty144.4
75) Spirituality, chapel program92.8
81) Financial aid program10.3
83) Location41.3
85) Bookstore10.3
86) Size10.3
88) Campus beauty30.9
Missing33 
TOTAL316100.0
132) Considering the degree program you are now in name two or three of this school's best qualities (Third). (SCHQUAL3)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL23152.95221
133) Name two or three of the school's deficiencies (First). (SCHLDEF1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL32453.99123
134) Name two or three of the school's deficiencies (Second). (SCHLDEF2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL27357.12522
135) Name two or three of the school's deficiencies (Third). (SCHLDEF3)
TOTAL%
12) Poor teaching practices32.4
13) Too few faculty10.8
21) Financial and budget problems43.2
22) Poor communication21.6
23) Lack of goals or clear mission21.6
24) Policies favor dominant groups - males, whites, etc.21.6
26) Lack of counseling/pastoral care for students, lack of concern about students or education quality10.8
29) Other specific10.8
30) Academic program & disciplines - general inadequacy10.8
31) Field program, internships inadequate10.8
32) Too few (or inadequate) Bible classes10.8
37) Not enough emphasis on Church education10.8
38) Not enough biblical language study10.8
39) Too much language study10.8
40) Not enough emphasis on pastoral care/counseling10.8
42) Too few practical courses54.0
43) Inadequate theory/practice balance32.4
45) Faculty/student ratio bad21.6
46) Inflexible curriculum, too few electives, too many credits required, etc.32.4
47) Too few women faculty or students21.6
48) Too few minority faculty or students10.8
49) Specific other43.2
51) Too much school/academic/theory with too little practice/ministry/clinical21.6
54) Too little conservative/Evangelical/biblical Christ-centered emphasis10.8
55) Faculty too liberal (not enough conservatives/Evangelicals)32.4
59) Too issue-oriented, social action-oriented21.6
60) Theologically divided, lacks unity21.6
61) Very competitive, overemphasis on grades, too academically intense10.8
62) Too little intellectual challenge10.8
63) Too little emphasis on Reformed tradition or PCUSA75.6
64) Too much emphasis on Reformed tradition10.8
66) Anti-feminist, anti-women views10.8
67) Neglect by or isolation from PCUSA32.4
69) Other specific21.6
70) School culture - relational, organizational, general problems10.8
71) Lacks sense of community118.9
72) Divided community, contentious, unfriendly, etc.21.6
73) Lacks racial/ethnic/religious variety10.8
74) Professors not interested in students; too specialized; emphasis on writing, faculty/student relations poor64.8
75) Inadequate spirituality, worship, spiritual support54.0
76) Part-time or second-career students ignored, focus on recent college graduates43.2
77) Elitist tendencies in school10.8
79) Other specific43.2
81) Too little financial aid118.9
84) Poor or inadequate student housing43.2
85) Small or inadequate bookstore10.8
87) No access for disabled10.8
88) Size10.8
89) Other specific21.6
Missing225 
TOTAL124100.0
136) How would you rate quality of faculty instruction? (FACINST1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent18554.4
2) Good14141.5
3) Fair133.8
4) Poor10.3
Missing9 
TOTAL340100.0
137) How would you rate quality of faculty instruction? (FACINST2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving17282.3
2) Getting worse3717.7
Missing140 
TOTAL209100.0
138) How would you rate faculty-student relations? (FACSR1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent8525.0
2) Good16949.7
3) Fair7522.1
4) Poor113.2
Missing9 
TOTAL340100.0
139) How would you rate faculty-student relations? (FACSR2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving16684.3
2) Getting worse3115.7
Missing152 
TOTAL197100.0
140) How would you rate library and other resources? (LIB1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent12837.5
2) Good15244.6
3) Fair5315.5
4) Poor82.3
Missing8 
TOTAL341100.0
141) How would you rate library and other resources? (LIB2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving18290.5
2) Getting worse199.5
Missing148 
TOTAL201100.0
142) How would you rate spirituality/common worship life of school? (SPIRIT1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent4814.3
2) Good14643.5
3) Fair10832.1
4) Poor3410.1
Missing13 
TOTAL336100.0
143) How would you rate spirituality/common worship life of school? (SPIRIT2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving16681.0
2) Getting worse3919.0
Missing144 
TOTAL205100.0
144) How would you rate overall student academic ability? (STACAD1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent7121.2
2) Good20460.9
3) Fair5616.7
4) Poor41.2
Missing14 
TOTAL335100.0
145) How would you rate overall student academic ability? (STACAD2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving13879.8
2) Getting worse3520.2
Missing176 
TOTAL173100.0
146) How would you rate shared life of school community? (SCHCOMM1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent278.2
2) Good10231.1
3) Fair14744.8
4) Poor5215.9
Missing21 
TOTAL328100.0
147) How would you rate shared life of school community? (SCHCOMM2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving12868.8
2) Getting worse5831.2
Missing163 
TOTAL186100.0
148) How would you rate school's tolerance for nonconformity? (SCHTOL1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent9127.5
2) Good15045.3
3) Fair6519.6
4) Poor257.6
Missing18 
TOTAL331100.0
149) How would you rate school's tolerance for nonconformity? (SCHTOL2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving14375.7
2) Getting worse4624.3
Missing160 
TOTAL189100.0
150) How would you rate nondiscriminatory inclusion of minority groups? (SCHDISC1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent14743.9
2) Good13038.8
3) Fair4312.8
4) Poor154.5
Missing14 
TOTAL335100.0
151) How would you rate nondiscriminatory inclusion of minority groups? (SCHDISC2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving17288.7
2) Getting worse2211.3
Missing155 
TOTAL194100.0
152) How would you rate preparation of M.Div. students for the realities of ministry? (STPREP1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent5316.6
2) Good16551.6
3) Fair7924.7
4) Poor237.2
Missing29 
TOTAL320100.0
153) How would you rate preparation of M.Div. students for the realities of ministry? (STPREP2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving14881.8
2) Getting worse3318.2
Missing168 
TOTAL181100.0
154) How would you rate the school's financial support for students? (FINSUP1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent3310.6
2) Good8928.7
3) Fair10935.2
4) Poor7925.5
Missing39 
TOTAL310100.0
155) How would you rate the school's financial support for students? (FINSUP2)
TOTAL%
1) Improving10657.9
2) Getting worse7742.1
Missing166 
TOTAL183100.0
156) In your experience at this school, have there been any especially redemptive or transformative influences on you (First response)? (RTEXP1)
TOTAL%
10) Faculty, professors - all or general31.0
11) The teaching of one or two299.5
12) Personal attention or inspiration of one or two258.2
13) The teaching of several165.3
14) Personal attention or inspiration of several185.9
19) Other specific references to faculty41.3
20) Coursework, curriculum, in general20.7
21) One or two courses - NB when both teacher and course are mentioned, code the teacher82.6
22) Pastoral counseling/care or ministry courses in particular; clinical pastoral education (CPE)62.0
23) Bible (OT or NT) in particular82.6
24) Theology in particular20.7
26) Church history courses10.3
27) Internship, field education placement51.6
28) DMin seminar, workshop, events10.3
29) Several courses or a particular field41.3
30) School community as a whole - general (students, faculty, administration) affirming, helpful, supportive, healing, close31.0
31) Supportive faculty and/or administration93.0
32) Students (friends), all or most10.3
33) Students (friends), one or a few82.6
34) Students and professors123.9
35) Administrators in particular31.0
37) God working through community10.3
38) Gender-based support group20.7
40) Effective inclusion/acceptance of older/second-career students20.7
41) Supportive small groups, including prayer, study, etc.144.6
51) In personal or family crisis31.0
52) Affirmation of self, gifts, calling, ministry62.0
53) Supporting my own theological perspective51.6
54) Integrating aspects of myself, school and ministry51.6
59) Other particular forms of support10.3
61) Old ways of thinking or believing challenged effectively103.3
62) Change of personal perspective or belief93.0
63) New skills or abilities31.0
64) More sensitive to social issues20.7
65) Spiritual growth and maturity103.3
69) Other forms of personal change20.7
71) Retreats at seminary20.7
72) Special campus events, speakers and programs10.3
73) Off-campus events, experiences10.3
75) Worship, chapel, spiritual emphases72.3
76) Career counseling process10.3
77) Particular teaching techniques10.3
90) Miscellaneous10.3
98) No, none4715.5
Missing45 
TOTAL304100.0
157) In your experience at this school, have there been any especially redemptive or transformative influences on you (Second response)? (RTEXP2)
TOTAL%
11) The teaching of one or two52.6
12) Personal attention or inspiration of one or two84.2
13) The teaching of several42.1
14) Personal attention or inspiration of several42.1
19) Other specific references to faculty10.5
20) Coursework, curriculum, in general21.0
21) One or two courses - NB when both teacher and course are mentioned, code the teacher31.6
22) Pastoral counseling/care or ministry courses in particular; clinical pastoral education (CPE)31.6
23) Bible (OT or NT) in particular31.6
24) Theology in particular31.6
27) Internship, field education placement42.1
29) Several courses or a particular field52.6
30) School community as a whole - general (students, faculty, administration) affirming, helpful, supportive, healing, close21.0
31) Supportive faculty and/or administration73.7
32) Students (friends), all or most42.1
33) Students (friends), one or a few42.1
34) Students and professors42.1
35) Administrators in particular21.0
37) God working through community73.7
38) Gender-based support group31.6
40) Effective inclusion/acceptance of older/second-career students10.5
41) Supportive small groups, including prayer, study, etc.84.2
49) Other aspects of school community42.1
51) In personal or family crisis42.1
52) Affirmation of self, gifts, calling, ministry73.7
53) Supporting my own theological perspective42.1
54) Integrating aspects of myself, school and ministry115.8
59) Other particular forms of support31.6
61) Old ways of thinking or believing challenged effectively52.6
62) Change of personal perspective or belief147.3
63) New skills or abilities73.7
64) More sensitive to social issues42.1
65) Spiritual growth and maturity3015.7
69) Other forms of personal change10.5
72) Special campus events, speakers and programs21.0
73) Off-campus events, experiences21.0
74) Field trips, visits, related to school10.5
75) Worship, chapel, spiritual emphases42.1
76) Career counseling process10.5
Missing158 
TOTAL191100.0
158) Have there been major sources of conflict or tension for you in this school? If so, please describe them and what led to them (First response). (CTEXP1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL28255.16322
159) Have there been major sources of conflict or tension for you in this school? If so, please describe them and what led to them (Second response). (CTEXP2)
TOTAL%
11) Conflict with one or two faculty32.5
12) Conflict with faculty - several or all10.8
13) Conflict with one or two students10.8
14) Conflict with several or all students21.7
15) Conflict with resident or dean10.8
16) Conflict with administration offices or with administration generally54.2
19) Unspecified interpersonal conflict or tension10.8
21) Racial/ethnic/language differences43.4
23) Difficulties because of own conservative/Evangelical/Pentecostal beliefs32.5
25) Difficulties due to age/second career54.2
27) Difficulties due to homosexual/gay/lesbian lifestyle/preference10.8
29) Other specific personal conflicts or tensions due to differences97.6
31) Schoolwork expectations too much54.2
32) Too little time for study21.7
33) Too much emphasis on academic achievement/competitiveness for grades21.7
34) Too much commuting32.5
36) School neglects and/or schedules badly for off-campus residents and part-time students75.9
42) Confusion or failure of an academic program or course21.7
44) Too little practical/pastoral/experiential emphasis10.8
49) Other specific academic sources of conflict or tension (e.g. grading policy, etc.)75.9
53) Feminism advocates cause major conflict or tension (e.g., inclusive language issue)10.8
54) Students/faculty/administration oppose feminist claims or penalize women for advancing them65.1
55) Feminist conflict creates conflict - nonpartisan view10.8
56) Homosexual/gay advocates cause major conflict or tension (li21.7
57) Opponents of homosexual/gay rights/inclusion are causing the problem10.8
59) Racism creates major problem10.8
61) Conflict over racial/ethnic issues is the problem - nonpartisan view32.5
62) Failure of school to adapt to needs/interests of older students is a problem54.2
63) Inadequacy of theological/spiritual life of school43.4
69) Other specific social or theological issues as sources of conflict and tension for students86.8
70) Problems relating to ministry and future - general10.8
90) Other sources of conflict and tension - n.e.c32.5
91) Students immature, silly, etc.10.8
92) Too little money creates tension65.1
93) Personal growth leads to conflict and tension75.9
94) Conflicts within faculty and administration32.5
Missing231 
TOTAL118100.0
160) What were your chief reasons for choosing a non-Presbyterian theological school (First response)? (WHYNP1)
TOTAL%
1) Location22670.4
2) Academic excellence6520.2
3) Friend/family connection61.9
4) Financial advantage51.6
5) Faculty reputation51.6
6) Theological preference113.4
7) Uncertain about denomination10.3
8) Uncertain about ministry20.6
Missing28 
TOTAL321100.0
161) What were your chief reasons for choosing a non-Presbyterian theological school (Second response)? (WHYNP2)
TOTAL%
2) Academic excellence12855.7
3) Friend/family connection219.1
4) Financial advantage135.7
5) Faculty reputation3113.5
6) Theological preference2510.9
7) Uncertain about denomination73.0
8) Uncertain about ministry52.2
Missing119 
TOTAL230100.0
162) What were your chief reasons for choosing a non-Presbyterian theological school (Third response)? (WHYNP3)
TOTAL%
1) Location10.7
2) Academic excellence10.7
3) Friend/family connection4026.8
4) Financial advantage1510.1
5) Faculty reputation3020.1
6) Theological preference4832.2
7) Uncertain about denomination96.0
8) Uncertain about ministry53.4
Missing200 
TOTAL149100.0
163) What were your chief reasons for choosing a non-Presbyterian theological school (Fourth response)? (WHYNP4)
TOTAL%
1) Location11.5
2) Academic excellence11.5
3) Friend/family connection11.5
4) Financial advantage57.7
5) Faculty reputation1827.7
6) Theological preference2640.0
7) Uncertain about denomination57.7
8) Uncertain about ministry812.3
Missing284 
TOTAL65100.0
164) How much emphasis does this school place on acquainting M.Div. students with the Reformed theological heritage? (REFEMPH)
TOTAL%
1) Strong emphasis16550.9
2) Moderate emphasis11334.9
3) Weak emphasis329.9
4) No emphasis at all144.3
Missing25 
TOTAL324100.0
165) How much emphasis does this school place on acquainting M.Div. students with the Presbyterian system and procedures? (SYSEMPH)
TOTAL%
1) Strong emphasis11836.6
2) Moderate emphasis12338.2
3) Weak emphasis5416.8
4) No emphasis at all278.4
Missing27 
TOTAL322100.0
166) I-MARITAL: Marital Status (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
0) Married20760.2
1) Div./Sep.195.5
2) Engagd,com216.1
3) Unmarried9728.2
Missing5 
TOTAL344100.0
167) I-AGE: Age (recoded from YEARBORN for use with on-line analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
0) 25 & under3710.7
1) 26-308324.0
2) 31-357321.1
3) 36-404713.6
4) Over 4010630.6
Missing3 
TOTAL346100.0
168) I-GRADES: About what was your final college GPA? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-GRADES)
TOTAL%
0) A11433.0
1) B20158.3
2) C308.7
Missing4 
TOTAL345100.0
169) I-RACE: What is your racial/ethnic self-identification? (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
0) Asian-Am.144.1
1) African-Am92.6
2) Latino-Am102.9
3) White29586.0
4) Other154.4
Missing6 
TOTAL343100.0
170) I-SEX: Are you: (for use with on-line analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male16547.7
2) Female18152.3
Missing3 
TOTAL346100.0
171) I-INCOME: Approximately what was your average before-taxes income for a typical year just before you began this degree program? Digits, representing the thousands of dollars (recoded for use with on-line analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
0) Under 20K14144.3
1) 20-29K6921.7
2) 30-39K4614.5
3) 40-49K196.0
4) Over 50K4313.5
Missing31 
TOTAL318100.0