State of the First Amendment Survey, 2000

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > State of the First Amendment > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Caseid (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1015508293
2) Region (REG)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast20920.6
2) North Central23623.3
3) South35635.1
4) West21421.1
TOTAL1015100.0
3) Imported value – half (HALF)
TOTAL%
1) Form A51650.8
2) Form B49949.2
TOTAL1015100.0
4) Time Zone (TZONE)
TOTAL%
3) Eastern52551.7
4) Central27427.0
5) Mountain656.4
6) Pacific15114.9
TOTAL1015100.0
5) Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPCRGHT1)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the Press393.8
2) Freedom of speech57756.8
3) Freedom of Religion121.2
4) Right to petition10.1
5) Right of assembly/association101.0
6) Other(specify)454.4
99) Don't know/refused33132.6
TOTAL1015100.0
6) Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (probe) (SPCRGHT2)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the Press6415.8
2) Freedom of speech6014.9
3) Freedom of Religion10927.0
4) Right to petition92.2
5) Right of assembly/association5012.4
6) Other(specify)5513.6
99) Don't know/refused5714.1
Missing611 
TOTAL404100.0
7) Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (probe) (SPCRGHT3)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the Press2214.0
2) Freedom of speech117.0
3) Freedom of Religion3723.6
4) Right to petition63.8
5) Right of assembly/association3522.3
6) Other(specify)2113.4
99) Don't know/refused2515.9
Missing858 
TOTAL157100.0
8) Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (probe) (SPCRGHT4)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the Press24.7
3) Freedom of Religion1125.6
4) Right to petition37.0
5) Right of assembly/association818.6
6) Other(specify)716.3
99) Don't know/refused1227.9
Missing972 
TOTAL43100.0
9) Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (probe) (SPCRGHT5)
TOTAL%
4) Right to petition327.3
5) Right of assembly/association19.1
6) Other(specify)436.4
99) Don't know/refused327.3
Missing1004 
TOTAL11100.0
10) Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (probe) (SPCRGHT6)
TOTAL%
5) Right of assembly/association150.0
6) Other(specify)150.0
Missing1013 
TOTAL2100.0
11) Based on your own feelings about the First Amendment, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: The First Amendment goes too far in the rights it guarantees. (TOOFAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree939.2
2) Mildly agree11211.0
3) Mildly disagree25024.6
4) Strongly disagree51350.5
99) Don't know/refused474.6
TOTAL1015100.0
12) Overall, do you think Americans have too much press freedom, too little press freedom, or is the amount of press freedom in America about right? (PRSFREE)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom20439.5
2) Too little freedom6612.8
3) Right amount of freedom23245.0
99) Don't know/refused142.7
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
13) Overall, do you think the press in America has too much freedom to do what it wants, too little freedom to do what it wants, or is the amount of freedom the press has about right? (DOFREE)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom23747.5
2) Too little freedom336.6
3) About right22144.3
99) Don't know/refused81.6
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
14) Overall, do you think Americans have too much freedom to speak freely, too little freedom to speak freely, or is the amount of freedom to speak freely about right? (SPKFREE)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom10610.4
2) Too little freedom23423.1
3) About right65164.1
99) Don't know/refused242.4
TOTAL1015100.0
15) Overall, do you think Americans have too much religious freedom, too little religious freedom, or is the amount of religious freedom about right? (RELFREE)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom474.6
2) Too little freedom28327.9
3) About right65764.7
99) Don't know/refused282.8
TOTAL1015100.0
16) Overall, how would you rate the job that the American educational system does in teaching students about First Amendment freedoms -- excellent, good, fair, or poor? (AMEREDU)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent313.1
2) Good24424.0
3) Fair36736.2
4) Poor30530.0
99) Don't know/refused686.7
TOTAL1015100.0
17) To the best of your knowledge, under current law, do Americans have the legal right to burn the American flag as a means of political protest? Yes or No? (FLAGBURN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40840.2
2) No57356.5
99) Don't know/ refused343.3
TOTAL1015100.0
18) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. First ...People should be allowed to express unpopular opinions. (UNOPIN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree72771.6
2) Mildly agree24223.8
3) Mildly disagree191.9
4) Strongly disagree232.3
99) Don't know/refused40.4
TOTAL1015100.0
19) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to say things in public that might be offensive to religious groups. (OFFRELG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24123.7
2) Mildly agree26325.9
3) Mildly disagree14614.4
4) Strongly disagree34834.3
99) Don't know/refused171.7
TOTAL1015100.0
20) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Musicians should be allowed to sing songs with lyrics that others might find offensive. (OFFLYRIC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33332.8
2) Mildly agree29729.3
3) Mildly disagree11211.0
4) Strongly disagree25324.9
99) Don't know/refused202.0
TOTAL1015100.0
21) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to burn or deface the American flag as a political statement. (FLAGPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13913.7
2) Mildly agree14914.7
3) Mildly disagree757.4
4) Strongly disagree63862.9
99) Don't know/refused141.4
TOTAL1015100.0
22) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to say things in public that might be offensive to racial groups. (OFFRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15715.5
2) Mildly agree19819.5
3) Mildly disagree14514.3
4) Strongly disagree50049.3
99) Don't know/refused151.5
TOTAL1015100.0
23) Would you favor or oppose a law that would make it illegal for people to say things in public that are offensive to racial groups? (RACELAW)
TOTAL%
1) Favor34534.0
2) Oppose62561.6
99) Don't know/refuse454.4
TOTAL1015100.0
24) People should be allowed to display in a public place art that has content that might be offensive to others. (OFFART)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23723.3
2) Mildly agree26025.6
3) Mildly disagree16516.3
4) Strongly disagree31531.0
99) Don't know/refused383.7
TOTAL1015100.0
25) I'm going to read you some ways that the government might play a role in political campaigns. For each, indicate whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. First … The government should be able to place restrictions on the amount of money a political candidate can contribute to his or her own election campaign. (OWNMON1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14928.9
2) Mildly agree9117.6
3) Mildly disagree10320.0
4) Strongly disagree15830.6
99) Don't know/refused152.9
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
26) I'm going to read you some ways that the government might play a role in political campaigns. For each, indicate whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. The government should be able to place restrictions on the amount of money a private individual can contribute to someone else's election campaign. (PRIVMON1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18435.7
2) Mildly agree9718.8
3) Mildly disagree9017.4
4) Strongly disagree13125.4
99) Don't know/refused142.7
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
27) I'm going to read you some ways that the government might play a role in political campaigns. For each, indicate whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. The government should be able to place restrictions on the amount of money a private corporation or a union can contribute to an election campaign. (CORPMON1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26250.8
2) Mildly agree9217.8
3) Mildly disagree6011.6
4) Strongly disagree9117.6
99) Don't know/refused112.1
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
28) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: Contributing money to a political candidate is an expression of free speech that should be protected by the Constitution. (MONEXPR1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16632.2
2) Mildly agree17233.3
3) Mildly disagree7614.7
4) Strongly disagree8316.1
99) Don't know/refused193.7
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
29) Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to give government the power to restrict campaign spending? (AMDSPD1A)
TOTAL%
1) Should19738.2
2) Should not29757.6
99) Don't know/ refused224.3
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
30) If an amendment allowing government to restrict election campaign spending were approved, it would be the first time any of the freedoms in the First Amendment have been amended in over 200 years. Knowing this, would you still support an amendment to allow government to restrict campaign spending? (AMDSPD2A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes16684.3
2) No2211.2
99) Don't know/refused94.6
Missing818 
TOTAL197100.0
31) Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to prohibit burning or desecrating the American flag? (AMDFLG1A)
TOTAL%
1) Should not28054.3
2) Should22543.6
99) Don't know/refused112.1
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
32) [If "should":] If an amendment prohibiting burning or desecrating the flag were approved, it would be the first time any of the freedoms in the First Amendment have been amended in over 200 years. Knowing this, would you still support an amendment to prohibit burning or desecrating the flag? (AMDFLG2A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20189.3
2) No219.3
99) Don't know/refused31.3
Missing790 
TOTAL225100.0
33) Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to prohibit burning or desecrating the American flag? (AMDFLG1B)
TOTAL%
1) Should not27254.5
2) Should21242.5
99) Don't know/refused153.0
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
34) [If "should":] If an amendment prohibiting burning or desecrating the flag were approved, it would be the first time any of the freedoms in the First Amendment have been amended in over 200 years. Knowing this, would you still support an amendment to prohibit burning or desecrating the flag? (AMGFLG2B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18185.4
2) No2913.7
99) Don't know/refused20.9
Missing803 
TOTAL212100.0
35) I'm going to read you some ways that the government might play a role in political campaigns. For each, indicate whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. First …The government should be able to place restrictions on the amount of money a political candidate can contribute to his or her own election campaign. (OWNMON2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21843.7
2) Mildly agree8316.6
3) Mildly disagree7815.6
4) Strongly disagree10621.2
99) Don't know/refused142.8
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
36) I'm going to read you some ways that the government might play a role in political campaigns. For each, indicate whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. The government should be able to place restrictions on the amount of money a private individual can contribute to someone else's election campaign. (PRIVMON2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23046.1
2) Mildly agree8316.6
3) Mildly disagree7515.0
4) Strongly disagree10120.2
99) Don't know/refused102.0
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
37) I'm going to read you some ways that the government might play a role in political campaigns. For each, indicate whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. The government should be able to place restrictions on the amount of money a private corporation or a union can contribute to an election campaign. (COPRMON2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28156.3
2) Mildly agree7615.2
3) Mildly disagree5611.2
4) Strongly disagree7915.8
99) Don't know/refused71.4
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
38) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: Contributing money to a political candidate is an expression of free speech that should be protected by the Constitution. (MONEXP2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17034.1
2) Mildly agree15030.1
3) Mildly disagree6513.0
4) Strongly disagree9819.6
99) Don't know/refused163.2
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
39) Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to give government the power to restrict campaign spending? (AMDSPD1B)
TOTAL%
1) Should18336.7
2) Should not29358.7
99) Don't know/ refused234.6
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
40) If an amendment allowing government to restrict election campaign spending were approved, it would be the first time any of the freedoms in the First Amendment have been amended in over 200 years. Knowing this, would you still support an amendment to allow government to restrict campaign spending? (AMDSPD2B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15685.2
2) No2212.0
99) Don't know/refused52.7
Missing832 
TOTAL183100.0
41) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statement: News organizations should be allowed to report or publish what they think is appropriate to report. (NEWSRPT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree39739.1
2) Mildly agree29729.3
3) Mildly disagree10110.0
4) Strongly disagree18818.5
99) Don't know/refused323.2
TOTAL1015100.0
42) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. First...Newspapers should be allowed to publish freely without government approval of a story. (NWSPPUB)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree57656.7
2) Mildly agree22522.2
3) Mildly disagree858.4
4) Strongly disagree999.8
99) Don't know/refused303.0
TOTAL1015100.0
43) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Journalists should be allowed to keep a news source confidential. (JRNLCONF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54854.0
2) Mildly agree25224.8
3) Mildly disagree848.3
4) Strongly disagree878.6
99) Don't know/refused444.3
TOTAL1015100.0
44) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Broadcasters should be allowed to televise any courtroom trial they want to. (BRDCRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20820.5
2) Mildly agree17016.7
3) Mildly disagree21921.6
4) Strongly disagree39839.2
99) Don't know/refused202.0
TOTAL1015100.0
45) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Newspapers should be allowed to endorse candidates for public office. (NWSPCAND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29629.2
2) Mildly agree27026.6
3) Mildly disagree15114.9
4) Strongly disagree27326.9
99) Don't know/refused252.5
TOTAL1015100.0
46) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Newspapers should be allowed to criticize public officials. (NWSPCRIT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree55754.9
2) Mildly agree25324.9
3) Mildly disagree828.1
4) Strongly disagree11411.2
99) Don't know/refused90.9
TOTAL1015100.0
47) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Television networks should be allowed to project winners of an election while people are still voting. (TVPROJCT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11911.7
2) Mildly agree17717.4
3) Mildly disagree17417.1
4) Strongly disagree52651.8
99) Don't know/refused191.9
TOTAL1015100.0
48) If a news report projected the winner of an election while people were still voting, how do you think this would affect people who had not yet voted? Do you think they would be more likely to vote, less likely to vote, or do you think it would not affect their decision to vote? (PRCTVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) More likely12812.6
2) Less likely66165.1
3) No effect18017.7
99) Don't know/refused464.5
TOTAL1015100.0
49) High school students should be allowed to report on controversial issues in their student newspapers without approval of school authorities. (HIGHSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26325.9
2) Mildly agree17317.0
3) Mildly disagree22522.2
4) Strongly disagree32832.3
99) Don't know/refused262.6
TOTAL1015100.0
50) Broadcasters should be allowed to televise the proceedings of the U.S. Supreme Court. (SUPRCRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48547.8
2) Mildly agree25324.9
3) Mildly disagree10410.2
4) Strongly disagree13213.0
99) Don't know/refused414.0
TOTAL1015100.0
51) Teachers or other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in school. (TCHPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45845.1
2) Mildly agree17717.4
3) Mildly disagree14314.1
4) Strongly disagree21321.0
99) Don't know/refused242.4
TOTAL1015100.0
52) Do you feel that the freedom to worship as one chooses…applies to all religious groups regardless of how extreme their beliefs are, or was never meant to apply to religious groups that most people would consider extreme or fringe? (FREEWRSP)
TOTAL%
1) Applies to all religious groups regardless of how extreme their beliefs are74072.9
2) Was never meant to apply to religious groups that the majority of the people consider extreme or on the fringe.19619.3
3) Neither (volunteered)242.4
99) Don't know/refused555.4
TOTAL1015100.0
53) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements: It's O.K. for a prayer to be said at a high school graduation if a majority of the graduating class favors it. (PRAYGRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree60859.9
2) Mildly agree20219.9
3) Mildly disagree797.8
4) Strongly disagree11110.9
99) Don't know/refused151.5
TOTAL1015100.0
54) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements: Students should be allowed to lead prayers over the public address system at public school-sponsored events such as football games. (PAPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree42742.1
2) Mildly agree19819.5
3) Mildly disagree15415.2
4) Strongly disagree21621.3
99) Don't know/refused202.0
TOTAL1015100.0
55) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements: Local school officials should be allowed to post the 10 Commandments on the wall of a public school classroom. (COMMAND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree41841.2
2) Mildly agree18017.7
3) Mildly disagree15615.4
4) Strongly disagree23823.4
99) Don't know/refused232.3
TOTAL1015100.0
56) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements:Parents should have the option of sending their children to religious schools instead of public schools using "vouchers" or "credits" provided by the federal government that would pay for some or all of the costs. (RELSCHL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree42742.1
2) Mildly agree20720.4
3) Mildly disagree969.5
4) Strongly disagree25925.5
99) Don't know/refused262.6
TOTAL1015100.0
57) I'm now going to read you some ways that the Bible might be used in public school classrooms. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that a public school teacher should be allowed to use the Bible in this way. First...A public school teacher should be allowed to use the Bible as a form of literature in an English class. (BIBLENGL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree51450.6
2) Mildly agree26526.1
3) Mildly disagree10910.7
4) Strongly disagree11711.5
99) Don't know/refused101.0
TOTAL1015100.0
58) I'm now going to read you some ways that the Bible might be used in public school classrooms. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that a public school teacher should be allowed to use the Bible in this way. A public school teacher should be allowed to use the Bible as a text in a comparative religion class. (BIBLCOMP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree65064.0
2) Mildly agree22622.3
3) Mildly disagree515.0
4) Strongly disagree828.1
99) Don't know/refused60.6
TOTAL1015100.0
59) I'm now going to read you some ways that the Bible might be used in public school classrooms. For each, please tell me if you agree or disagree that a public school teacher should be allowed to use the Bible in this way. A public school teacher should be allowed to use the Bible as a factual text in a history or social studies class. (BIBLSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33933.4
2) Mildly agree20920.6
3) Mildly disagree17917.6
4) Strongly disagree26626.2
99) Don't know/refused222.2
TOTAL1015100.0
60) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement? Any group that wants to should be allowed to hold a rally for a cause or issue even if it may be offensive to others in the community. (RALLY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree36536.0
2) Mildly agree32532.0
3) Mildly disagree11311.1
4) Strongly disagree17216.9
99) Don't know/refused403.9
TOTAL1015100.0
61) As you may know, courts have traditionally given broad First Amendment protections to books and newspapers that contain material that may be offensive to some people. Do you agree or disagree that material on the Internet should have the same First Amendment protections as printed material such as books and newspapers? (INTPROT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50649.9
2) Mildly agree25425.0
3) Mildly disagree777.6
4) Strongly disagree13513.3
99) Don't know/refused434.2
TOTAL1015100.0
62) Now I'm going to read you a series of ways in which the government might regulate content on the Internet. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it. First...The government should be able to restrict the posting of sexually explicit materials on the Internet, even though those same materials can be legally published in books and magazines. (SEXINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43542.9
2) Mildly agree14914.7
3) Mildly disagree16216.0
4) Strongly disagree24624.2
99) Don't know/refused232.3
TOTAL1015100.0
63) Now I'm going to read you a series of ways in which the government might regulate content on the Internet. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it.The government should be able to restrict speech on the Internet that might be considered offensive to racial groups, even though that same type of speech can be legally published in books and newspapers. (RACINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25425.0
2) Mildly agree14714.5
3) Mildly disagree24023.6
4) Strongly disagree33432.9
99) Don't know/refused403.9
TOTAL1015100.0
64) Now I'm going to read you a series of ways in which the government might regulate content on the Internet. For each, please tell me whether you agree or disagree that the government should be able to do it.The government should be able to restrict the posting of information on the Internet about how to make a bomb, even though such information is already available in books. (BOMBINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45945.2
2) Mildly agree11911.7
3) Mildly disagree16416.2
4) Strongly disagree24223.8
99) Don't know/refused313.1
TOTAL1015100.0
65) As you may know, the television industry voluntarily assigns content ratings to entertainment programs shown on TV. Do you think the Federal Government should or should not be involved in rating entertainment programs shown on TV? (GOVTRATE)
TOTAL%
1) Should43342.7
2) Should not55154.3
99) Don't know/refused313.1
TOTAL1015100.0
66) Do you use television ratings to make decisions about viewing for you and your family? (TVRATE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40439.8
2) No60159.2
99) Don't know/refused101.0
TOTAL1015100.0
67) There has been a lot of talk about rating or regulating what is posted on the Internet. Do you think the government has a role to play in developing a system to rate Internet material or do you think government should not be involved? (GOVTI NT)
TOTAL%
1) Government should be involved56555.7
2) Government should not be involved40539.9
99) Don't know/refused454.4
TOTAL1015100.0
68) As you may know, most public libraries have computers that visitors may use to access information on the Internet. I'm going to read you three statements that describe different policies that public libraries might adopt regarding access to Internet sites that contain material that might offend some people. Please tell me which statement comes closest to your own opinion. (Flip statements so ˝ are read A to C and ˝ are read C to A) (LIBINT1)
TOTAL%
1) Block potentially offensive sites for all16131.2
2) Block potentially offensive sites for children28755.6
3) Full access5811.2
99) Don't know/refused101.9
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
69) As you may know, most public libraries have computers that visitors may use to access information on the Internet. I'm going to read you three statements that describe different policies that public libraries might adopt regarding access to Internet sites that contain material that might offend some people. Please tell me which statement comes closest to your own opinion. (Flip statements so ˝ are read A to C and ˝ are read C to A) (LININT2)
TOTAL%
1) Block potentially offensive sites for all16933.9
2) Block potentially offensive sites for children27655.3
3) Full access459.0
99) Don't know/refused91.8
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
70) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Tabloid newspapers such as The Star and the National Enquirer should have the same freedom to publish what they want as other newspapers such as The New York Times, and the Wall Street Journal. (TABLOID)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree49749.0
2) Mildly agree26926.5
3) Mildly disagree575.6
4) Strongly disagree15915.7
99) Don't know/refused333.3
TOTAL1015100.0
71) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Television shows such as the Jerry Springer show and the Jenny Jones show should have the same freedom to air what they want as ABC News with Peter Jennings or 60 Minutes. (TVSHOWS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44744.0
2) Mildly agree27527.1
3) Mildly disagree696.8
4) Strongly disagree18618.3
99) Don't know/refused383.7
TOTAL1015100.0
72) How much, if at all, do you think violence on television contributes to violence in real life? Does television violence contribute a great deal, somewhat, not very much or not at all to violence in real life? (TVVIOLNC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal44643.9
2) Somewhat39639.0
3) Not very much12011.8
4) Not at all434.2
99) Don't know/refused101.0
TOTAL1015100.0
73) How much, if at all, do you think violence in video games contributes to violence in real life? Does video game violence contribute a great deal, somewhat, not very much or not at all to violence in real life? (VIDGAMES)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal36536.0
2) Somewhat39438.8
3) Not very much16516.3
4) Not at all656.4
99) Don't know/refused262.6
TOTAL1015100.0
74) How much, if at all, do you think violent lyrics in music contributes to violence in real life? Does violent lyrics in music contribute a great deal, somewhat, not very much or not at all to violence in real life? (LYRICS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal31430.9
2) Somewhat41140.5
3) Not very much20320.0
4) Not at all686.7
99) Don't know/refused191.9
TOTAL1015100.0
75) Some people think that [Insert Statement], while others think that [Insert Statement]. Which one of these statements do you agree with more? (Rotate the following statements: Statement A...Individuals who are exposed to lots of media violence become less sensitive to violence in real life. Statement B...Exposure to media violence has little or no effect on an individual's sensitivity to real violence. Probe: Do you agree strongly or somewhat with this statement?) (MEDVIOL)
TOTAL%
1) Stronlgy agree A24547.5
2) Mildly agree A10620.5
3) Strongly agree B6111.8
4) Mildly agree B7614.7
5) Neither122.3
99) Don't know/refused163.1
Missing499 
TOTAL516100.0
76) Some people think that [Insert Statement], while others think that [Insert Statement]. Which one of these statements do you agree with more? (Rotate the following statements: Statement A...Individuals who are exposed to lots of media violence become less sensitive to violence in real life. Statement B...Exposure to media violence has little or no effect on an individual's sensitivity to real violence. Probe: Do you agree strongly or somewhat with this statement?) (MEDSENS)
TOTAL%
1) Stronlgy agree A6513.0
2) Mildly agree A6613.2
3) Strongly agree B22845.7
4) Mildly agree B12224.4
5) Neither71.4
99) Don't know/refused112.2
Missing516 
TOTAL499100.0
77) Do you currently have access to the Internet at work, school, or home? (INTACC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes74173.0
2) No27226.8
99) Don't know/refused20.2
TOTAL1015100.0
78) In what year were you born? (Enter two digits: "76" for 1976) (YEARBORN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL101555.27217
79) What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, Some high school, High school, Some college, College grad, Post graduate. (GRADCOMP)
TOTAL%
1) Grade school or less111.1
2) Some high school616.0
3) High school27827.4
4) Trade school (volunteered)232.3
5) Some college27427.0
6) College graduate23923.5
7) Post graduate12812.6
99) Don't know/refused10.1
TOTAL1015100.0
80) Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White83382.1
2) Black767.5
3) Hispanic403.9
4) Asian141.4
5) Bi-racial (volunteered)121.2
6) Other272.7
99) Don't know/refused131.3
TOTAL1015100.0
81) For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? (INCOME1)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00034033.5
2) $40,000 or more60459.5
99) Don't know/refused717.0
TOTAL1015100.0
82) And is that… (INCOME2)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,000308.8
2) $10K to less than $20K7622.4
3) $20K to less than $30K11634.1
4) $30K to less than $40K9929.1
99) Don't know/refused195.6
Missing675 
TOTAL340100.0
83) And is that . . . (INCOME3)
TOTAL%
1) $40K to less than $50K14924.7
2) $50K to less than $75K19432.1
3) $75K to less than $100K10417.2
4) $100K or more10617.5
99) Don't know/refused518.4
Missing411 
TOTAL604100.0
84) Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or some other religion? (RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic25725.3
2) Protestant38537.9
3) Jewish181.8
4) Other (specify)28027.6
99) Don't know/refused757.4
TOTAL1015100.0
85) Would you describe yourself as either a fundamentalist or evangelical Christian, or would you not describe yourself that way? (TYPCHRST)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist/evangelical18019.5
2) Neither fundamentalist nor evangelical64670.1
3) Not sure (volunteered)667.2
99) Don't know/refused303.3
Missing93 
TOTAL922100.0
86) In politics TODAY, are you a Democrat, a Republican, an Independent or what? (POLPRTY)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat35334.8
2) Republican26926.5
3) Independent26526.1
4) No preference (volunteered)868.5
5) Other (volunteered)252.5
99) Don't know/refused171.7
TOTAL1015100.0
87) Do you have any children under the age of 18? (KIDS18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39338.7
2) No62061.1
99) Don't know/refused20.2
TOTAL1015100.0
88) [Follow-up if "Yes":] Do you have any children under the age of 12? (KIDS12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29775.6
2) No9624.4
Missing622 
TOTAL393100.0
89) [Follow-up if "Yes":] Do you have any children under the age of 6? (KIDS6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17358.2
2) No12441.8
Missing718 
TOTAL297100.0
90) Sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male45044.4
2) Female56455.6
Missing1 
TOTAL1014100.0
91) Text response if other rights named in SPCRGHT1 (OTRRIG)
92) Text response if "Other" religion (OTRRELG)
93) Education weight (WGTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school/high school grad37336.8
2) Some college27427.0
3) BA/grad36736.2
Missing1 
TOTAL1014100.0
94) Weight class (WGTCLASS)
TOTAL%
111) Male 18-24 less than high school/high school grad/some colle464.6
113) Male 18-29 BA/grad70.7
121) Male 25-44 less than high school/high school grad777.7
122) Male 25-44 some college494.9
123) Male 25-44 BA/grad747.4
131) Male 45-64 less than high school/high school grad464.6
132) Male 45-64 some college333.3
133) Male 45-64 BA/grad535.3
141) Male 65+ less than high school/high school grad232.3
142) Male 65+ some college111.1
143) Male 65+ BA/grad262.6
211) Female 18-24 less than high school/high school grad/some col474.7
213) Female 18-24 BA/grad121.2
221) Female 25-44 less than high school676.7
222) Female 25-44 some college656.5
223) Female 25-44 BA/grad10810.7
231) Female 45-64 less than high school/high school grad595.9
232) Female 45-64 some college424.2
233) Female 45-64 BA/grad646.4
241) Female 65+ less than high school/high school grad424.2
242) Female 65+ some college343.4
243) Female 65+ BA/grad202.0
Missing10 
TOTAL1005100.0
95) Age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL100645.11917
96) Age weight (WGTAGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2411211.1
2) 25-4444143.8
3) 45-6429729.5
4) 65+15615.5
Missing9 
TOTAL1006100.0
97) Sex weight (WGTSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male45044.4
2) Female56455.6
Missing1 
TOTAL1014100.0
98) Weight (WGT)
TOTAL%
.452244) 121.2
.472258) 343.3
.523974) 262.6
.524604) 646.3
.53022) 202.0
.540345) 10810.6
.579638) 70.7
.760543) 747.3
.778432) 535.2
.849124) 424.1
.984037) 656.4
.997359) 333.3
1) 101.0
1.101029) 111.1
1.137459) 494.8
1.245652) 474.6
1.294682) 777.6
1.310028) 464.5
1.33295999862826) 595.8
1.383289) 676.6
1.405649) 464.5
1.614551) 424.1
1.875011) 232.3
TOTAL1015100.0
99) I-AGE: Age (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-3019619.5
2) 31-4435735.5
3) 45-6429729.5
4) 65+15615.5
Missing9 
TOTAL1006100.0
100) I-INCOME: For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00034036.0
2) $40,000 or more60464.0
Missing71 
TOTAL944100.0
101) I-GENDER: Sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male45044.4
2) Female56455.6
Missing1 
TOTAL1014100.0
102) I-RACE: Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White83383.1
2) Black767.6
3) Hispanic404.0
4) Asian141.4
5) Other393.9
Missing13 
TOTAL1002100.0
103) I-REGION: Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast20920.6
2) North Central23623.3
3) South35635.1
4) West21421.1
TOTAL1015100.0
104) I-RELIGION: Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or some other religion? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic25727.3
2) Protestant38541.0
3) Jewish181.9
4) Other (specify)28029.8
Missing75 
TOTAL940100.0