State of the First Amendment Survey, 2005

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > State of the First Amendment > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Sequential Record ID (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1003502290
2) Case number (CASENUM)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10031698.9091876
3) Time Zone- CPANDA recoded (TZREC)
TOTAL%
1) Central (C)26526.4
2) Eastern (E)49149.0
3) Mountain (M)464.6
4) Pacific (P)17217.1
5) Arizona (Z)101.0
6) Indiana (I)191.9
TOTAL1003100.0
4) Federal Information Processing Standards codes (FIPS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL100329435.06915804
5) State (STATE)
6) Census Division (CENDIV)
TOTAL%
1) 505.0
2) 14514.5
3) 16016.0
4) 686.8
5) 18818.7
6) 606.0
7) 10810.8
8) 646.4
9) 16016.0
TOTAL1003100.0
7) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPECRTS1)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press555.5
2) Freedom of speech51451.2
3) Freedom of religion333.3
4) Right to petition10.1
5) Right of assembly/association202.0
6) Other151.5
7) No, can't name any27327.2
8) Right to bear arms707.0
9) Don't know/Refused222.2
TOTAL1003100.0
8) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPECRTS2)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press6919.2
2) Freedom of speech9927.5
3) Freedom of religion10428.9
4) Right to petition71.9
5) Right of assembly/association6718.6
6) Other143.9
Missing643 
TOTAL360100.0
9) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPECRTS3)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press2819.4
2) Freedom of speech1510.4
3) Freedom of religion4732.6
4) Right to petition117.6
5) Right of assembly/association3826.4
6) Other53.5
Missing859 
TOTAL144100.0
10) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPECRTS4)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press37.7
2) Freedom of speech12.6
3) Freedom of religion1230.8
4) Right to petition923.1
5) Right of assembly/association1230.8
6) Other25.1
Missing964 
TOTAL39100.0
11) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPECRTS5)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press327.3
4) Right to petition19.1
5) Right of assembly/association654.5
6) Other19.1
Missing992 
TOTAL11100.0
12) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (SPECRTS6)
TOTAL%
5) Right of assembly/association1100.0
Missing1002 
TOTAL1100.0
13) The First Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution more than 200 years ago. This is what it says: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." Based on your own feelings about the First Amendment, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: The First Amendment goes too far in the rights it guarantees. (FSTOOFAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree13013.0
2) Mildly agree10210.2
3) Mildly disagree16216.2
4) Strongly disagree56155.9
9) Don't know/Refused484.8
TOTAL1003100.0
14) Overall, do you think the press in America has too much freedom to do what it wants, too little freedom to do what it wants, or is the amount of freedom the press has about right? (FREEPRS)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom39539.4
2) Too little freedom10410.4
3) About right46946.8
9) Don't know/Refused353.5
TOTAL1003100.0
15) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think Americans have too much religious freedom, too little religious freedom, or is the amount religious freedom about right? (FREEREL)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom555.5
2) Too little freedom26025.9
3) About right64964.7
9) Don't know/Refused393.9
TOTAL1003100.0
16) Do you think Americans have too much religious freedom in the workplace, too little religious freedom in the workplace, or is the amount of religious freedom in the workplace about right? (RLFREEWK)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom636.3
2) Too little freedom31030.9
3) The right amount of freedom53753.5
9) Don't know/Refused939.3
TOTAL1003100.0
17) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree: Journalists should be allowed to keep a news source confidential. (PRSOUR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40840.7
2) Mildly agree28328.2
3) Mildly disagree12412.4
4) Strongly disagree12212.2
9) Don't know/Refused666.6
TOTAL1003100.0
18) Overall, the news media tries to report the news without bias. (PRSBIAS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12712.7
2) Mildly agree20120.0
3) Mildly disagree21621.5
4) Strongly disagree42542.4
9) Don't know/Refused343.4
TOTAL1003100.0
19) It is important for our democracy that the news media act as a watchdog on government. (PRSDOG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree50650.4
2) Mildly agree24124.0
3) Mildly disagree11111.1
4) Strongly disagree11111.1
9) Don't know/Refused343.4
TOTAL1003100.0
20) Please also tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: "The falsifying or making up of stories in the American news media is a widespread problem." (FALSMED)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40240.1
2) Mildly agree24724.6
3) Mildly disagree20019.9
4) Strongly disagree10910.9
9) Don't know/Refused454.5
TOTAL1003100.0
21) Some people feel that the U.S. Constitution should be amended to make it illegal to burn or desecrate the American flag as a form of political dissent. Others say that the U.S. Constitution should not be amended to specifically prohibit flag burning or desecration. Do you think the U.S. Constitution should or should not be amended to prohibit burning or desecrating the American flag? Added text: If answer is "should not," or "Don't know/Refused", go to Q12, if answer is "should", go to Q11. (FLAGBRN)
TOTAL%
1) Should not be amended62762.5
2) Should be amended35034.9
3) Don't know/Refused262.6
TOTAL1003100.0
22) [If "should"]If an amendment prohibiting burning or desecrating the flag were approved, it would be the first time any of the freedoms in the First Amendment have been amended in over 200 years. Knowing this, would you still support an amendment to prohibit burning or desecrating the flag? (FLGBRNHS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30186.0
2) No4011.4
3) Don't know/Refused92.6
Missing653 
TOTAL350100.0
23) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Newspapers should be allowed to freely criticize the U.S. military about its strategy and performance. (CRITMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35935.8
2) Mildly agree23423.3
3) Mildly disagree11511.5
4) Strongly disagree26025.9
9) Don't know/Refused353.5
TOTAL1003100.0
24) Overall, do you think Americans have too much, too little, or just the right amount of access to information about the federal government's war on terrorism? (ACSSTER)
TOTAL%
1) Too much access13613.6
2) Too little access52252.0
3) Just about the right amount30230.1
9) Don't know/Refused434.3
TOTAL1003100.0
25) Overall, do you think that students in public schools have too much religious freedom, too little religious freedom, or about the right amount of religious freedom while at school? (PBSCRLFR)
TOTAL%
1) Too much333.3
2) Too little50350.1
3) About right41441.3
9) Don't know/Refused535.3
TOTAL1003100.0
26) Overall do you think students in public high schools have too much freedom to express themselves, too little freedom to express themselves, or is the freedom of public high school students to express themselves about right? (PBSCFREX)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom18418.3
2) Too little freedom23523.4
3) Right amount51251.0
9) Don't know/Refused727.2
TOTAL1003100.0
27) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: Public school students should be allowed to wear a T-shirt with a message or picture that others may find offensive. (PBSCOFCL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12612.6
2) Mildly agree13813.8
3) Mildly disagree17016.9
4) Strongly disagree50350.1
9) Don't know/Refused666.6
TOTAL1003100.0
28) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: As part of a classroom discussion, public school students should be allowed to express views that others might find offensive. (PBSCOFVW)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45145.0
2) Mildly agree30230.1
3) Mildly disagree818.1
4) Strongly disagree12012.0
9) Don't know/Refused494.9
TOTAL1003100.0
29) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: Public schools should be allowed to prohibit the discussion of violence by students. (PBSCDSVC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25125.0
2) Mildly agree16216.2
3) Mildly disagree20720.6
4) Strongly disagree33533.4
9) Don't know/Refused484.8
TOTAL1003100.0
30) In your view, who should be primarily responsible for keeping inappropriate television programming away from children: parents, government officials or broadcasters? (INAPPTV)
TOTAL%
1) Parents81881.6
2) Government officials242.4
3) Broadcasters15115.1
4) Nobody (vol.)20.2
9) Don't know/Refused80.8
TOTAL1003100.0
31) The government currently has some authority to regulate content on broadcast television. Should that authority be extended to allow the regulation of programs available by subscription to cable or satellite television systems? (REGTOCBL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, it should be extended34634.5
2) No60460.2
9) Don't know/Refused535.3
TOTAL1003100.0
32) Do you agree or disagree with the statement "the government should be allowed to restrict sexually-explicit material on broadcast television? (RSTSEXTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46746.6
2) Mildly agree19119.0
3) Mildly disagree12812.8
4) Strongly disagree18918.8
9) Don't know/Refused282.8
TOTAL1003100.0
33) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Nudity. (RSTNUDTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree43243.1
2) Mildly agree16916.8
3) Mildly disagree16816.7
4) Strongly disagree21421.3
9) Don't know/Refused202.0
TOTAL1003100.0
34) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Violence. (RSTVIOTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree36736.6
2) Mildly agree23323.2
3) Mildly disagree17016.9
4) Strongly disagree21421.3
9) Don't know/Refused191.9
TOTAL1003100.0
35) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Curse words. (RSTCURTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35635.5
2) Mildly agree21321.2
3) Mildly disagree19619.5
4) Strongly disagree22122.0
9) Don't know/Refused171.7
TOTAL1003100.0
36) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Scenes portraying homosexual characters and relationships. (RSTHMOTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32532.4
2) Mildly agree14414.4
3) Mildly disagree19819.7
4) Strongly disagree30830.7
9) Don't know/Refused282.8
TOTAL1003100.0
37) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Scenes portraying the use of illegal drugs. (RSTDRGTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree41441.3
2) Mildly agree17817.7
3) Mildly disagree17717.6
4) Strongly disagree20320.2
9) Don't know/Refused313.1
TOTAL1003100.0
38) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Speech that might be offensive to racial groups. (RSTRACTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree36136.0
2) Mildly agree21721.6
3) Mildly disagree18017.9
4) Strongly disagree21421.3
9) Don't know/Refused313.1
TOTAL1003100.0
39) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Speech that might be offensive to religious groups. (RSTRELTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28027.9
2) Mildly agree18618.5
3) Mildly disagree24324.2
4) Strongly disagree25125.0
9) Don't know/Refused434.3
TOTAL1003100.0
40) Please tell me whether you agree or disagree that government should be allowed to restrict each of the following on broadcast television: Commercials that target children as consumers. (RSTKIDTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34134.0
2) Mildly agree22722.6
3) Mildly disagree21421.3
4) Strongly disagree18118.0
9) Don't know/Refused404.0
TOTAL1003100.0
41) Currently, the government imposes fines of up to $32,500 on broadcasters who violate government rules. Do you favor or oppose allowing the government to impose fines of up to $500,000 on broadcasters who violate rules? (FAVOPFIN)
TOTAL%
1) Favor strongly43743.6
2) Favor mildly19619.5
3) Oppose mildly12612.6
4) Oppose strongly19419.3
9) Don't know/Refused505.0
TOTAL1003100.0
42) Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following: All "live" programming should be put on tape delay to edit out objectionable material before it is broadcast. (DELAYTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38638.5
2) Mildly agree19219.1
3) Mildly disagree15615.6
4) Strongly disagree23223.1
9) Don't know/Refused373.7
TOTAL1003100.0
43) The government should be allowed to access records of materials borrowed by public library patrons. (ACLIBREC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15115.1
2) Mildly agree17617.5
3) Mildly disagree14014.0
4) Strongly disagree49549.4
9) Don't know/Refused414.1
TOTAL1003100.0
44) Those who use public libraries should be informed when the government requests records of materials that they have borrowed from the library. (INFRMGAC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree62662.4
2) Mildly agree15315.3
3) Mildly disagree707.0
4) Strongly disagree12412.4
9) Don't know/Refused303.0
TOTAL1003100.0
45) Now, please also tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Government officials should be allowed to post the 10 Commandments inside government buildings. (GOVPST10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree56055.8
2) Mildly agree14014.0
3) Mildly disagree818.1
4) Strongly disagree20520.4
9) Don't know/Refused171.7
TOTAL1003100.0
46) Now, please also tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Government officials should be allowed to post the 10 Commandments inside public school buildings. (PBSPST10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree49749.6
2) Mildly agree13713.7
3) Mildly disagree11111.1
4) Strongly disagree24424.3
9) Don't know/Refused141.4
TOTAL1003100.0
47) Now, please also tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Government officials should be allowed to post the Ten Commandments inside public buildings when they are displayed as one document among many historical documents. (PBDPST10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree66666.4
2) Mildly agree18618.5
3) Mildly disagree363.6
4) Strongly disagree939.3
9) Don't know/Refused222.2
TOTAL1003100.0
48) In your opinion, is a display of the Ten Commandments in a public building primarily an acknowledgement of God or primarily a statement about the roots of our laws? (TNGODLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Primarily an acknowledgement of God36136.0
2) Primarily a statement about the root of our laws52452.2
3) Neither545.4
9) Don't know/Refused646.4
TOTAL1003100.0
49) Each December, many public schools present seasonal programs. Which of these views best represents your views about such programs: (SEASPRO)
TOTAL%
1) Public schools should be allowed to put on Nativity re-enactments with Christian music.36236.1
2) Public schools should have assembly programs in December that have music from the Christian tradition, but religious music should not dominate33433.3
3) Public school programs in December should be entirely secular.20420.3
4) None of the above606.0
9) Don't know/Refused434.3
TOTAL1003100.0
50) As you may know, public schools send home information with students periodically from various community groups. Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following: Schools should be allowed to send home information about youth programs sponsored by religious groups? (ALRELINF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree49449.3
2) Mildly agree27327.2
3) Mildly disagree848.4
4) Strongly disagree12712.7
9) Don't know/Refused252.5
TOTAL1003100.0
51) Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Musicians should be allowed to sing songs with lyrics that others might find offensive. (OFFSONG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30730.6
2) Mildly agree25024.9
3) Mildly disagree14114.1
4) Strongly disagree24023.9
9) Don't know/Refused656.5
TOTAL1003100.0
52) Now please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: People should be allowed to say things in public that might be offensive to racial groups. (OFFRCSP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree21321.2
2) Mildly agree22522.4
3) Mildly disagree14214.2
4) Strongly disagree39038.9
9) Don't know/Refused333.3
TOTAL1003100.0
53) Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: People should be allowed to say things in public that might be offensive to religious groups. (OFFRLSP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22722.6
2) Mildly agree24624.5
3) Mildly disagree14814.8
4) Strongly disagree34734.6
9) Don't know/Refused353.5
TOTAL1003100.0
54) Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statements: Teachers and other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in public school. (SCLDPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35235.1
2) Mildly agree16916.8
3) Mildly disagree16216.2
4) Strongly disagree29829.7
9) Don't know/Refused222.2
TOTAL1003100.0
55) Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree: Broadcasters should be allowed to televise the proceedings of the United States Supreme Court. (TVCOURT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54654.4
2) Mildly agree24424.3
3) Mildly disagree939.3
4) Strongly disagree878.7
9) Don't know/Refused333.3
TOTAL1003100.0
56) Now, please tell me whether you agree or disagree: Broadcasters should be allowed to televise the proceedings of any courtroom trial they wish. (TVTRIAL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree26326.2
2) Mildly agree17217.1
3) Mildly disagree26426.3
4) Strongly disagree27327.2
9) Don't know/Refused313.1
TOTAL1003100.0
57) In what year were you born? (YEAR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL100356.26818
58) Age (recode) (AGE1)
TOTAL%
1) 18-30 years old17717.6
2) 31-44 years old21621.5
3) 45-61 years old36536.4
4) 62+ years old23323.2
9) Don't know/Refused121.2
TOTAL1003100.0
59) What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, some high school, high school, some college, college grad, post graduate. (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Grade school or less101.0
2) Some high school595.9
3) High school grad25425.3
4) Trade school (vol.)222.2
5) Some college24023.9
6) College graduate25525.4
7) Post-graduate15815.8
9) Don't know/Refused50.5
TOTAL1003100.0
60) Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White82982.7
2) Black707.0
3) Hispanic363.6
4) Asian171.7
5) Bi-racial (vol.)141.4
6) Other70.7
9) Don't know/Refused303.0
TOTAL1003100.0
61) For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? (YRINCOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00028828.7
2) $40,000 or more62061.8
9) Don't know/Refused959.5
TOTAL1003100.0
62) [For total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home is less than $40,000], and is thatů (YRINCOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,0003712.8
2) $10 K to less than $20 K7024.3
3) $20 K to less than $30 K8529.5
4) $30 K to less than $40K7827.1
9) Don't know/Refused186.3
Missing715 
TOTAL288100.0
63) [For total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home is more than $40,000], and is thatů (YRINCOM3)
TOTAL%
1) $40 K to less than $50 K11718.9
2) $50 K to less than $75 K18529.8
3) $75 K to less than $100 K11218.1
4) $100 K or more15424.8
9) Don't know/Refused528.4
Missing383 
TOTAL620100.0
64) Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or some other religion? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic21621.5
2) Protestant50350.1
3) Jewish545.4
4) Other (specify)292.9
5) No Religious Affiliation (vol.)15515.5
9) Don't know/Refused464.6
TOTAL1003100.0
65) Would you describe yourself as either a Fundamentalist or Evangelical Christian, or would you not describe yourself that way? (FUNDEVAN)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist/Evangelical22622.5
2) Neither70169.9
3) Not sure (vol.)393.9
9) Don't know/Refused373.7
TOTAL1003100.0
66) In politics TODAY, are you a Democrat, a Republican, an Independent or what? (POLPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat32732.6
2) Republican29629.5
3) Independent26025.9
4) No preference (vol.)686.8
5) Other (vol.)171.7
9) Don't know/Refused353.5
TOTAL1003100.0
67) Do you have any children under the age of 18? (KIDS18)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30630.5
2) No68468.2
9) Don't know/Refused131.3
TOTAL1003100.0
68) Do you have any children under the age of 12? Added text: Follow-up if "yes" for question 52A:[Do you have any children under the age of 18?] (KIDS12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes21269.3
2) No9230.1
9) Don't know/Refused20.7
Missing697 
TOTAL306100.0
69) Do you have any children under the age of 6? Added text: Follow-up if "yes" for the question 52B:[Do you have any children under the age of 12?] (KIDS6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12759.9
2) No8439.6
9) Don't know/Refused10.5
Missing791 
TOTAL212100.0
70) Respondent's sex (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male48248.1
2) Female52151.9
TOTAL1003100.0
71) Census Area (CENAREA)
TOTAL%
1) Urban29028.9
2) Suburban50650.4
3) Rural20720.6
TOTAL1003100.0
72) I-AGE: Age (recode) (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-30 years old17717.9
2) 31-44 years old21621.8
3) 45-61 years old36536.8
4) 62+ years old23323.5
Missing12 
TOTAL991100.0
73) I-GENDER: Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male48248.1
2) Female52151.9
TOTAL1003100.0
74) I-EDUC: What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, some high school, high school, some college, college grad, post graduate. (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school696.9
1) High school graduate25425.5
2) Some college26226.3
3) College graduate25525.6
4) Post-graduate15815.8
Missing5 
TOTAL998100.0
75) I-INCOME: For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $40,00028831.7
2) $40,000 or more62068.3
Missing95 
TOTAL908100.0
76) I-RACE: Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White82985.2
2) Black707.2
3) Hispanic363.7
4) Asian171.7
5) Other212.2
Missing30 
TOTAL973100.0
77) I-RELIGION: Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or some other religion? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
0) No Religious Affiliation15516.2
1) Catholic21622.6
2) Protestant50352.6
3) Jewish545.6
4) Other293.0
Missing46 
TOTAL957100.0