State of the First Amendment Survey, 1999

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > State of the First Amendment > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 121) WEIGHT
1) Sequential record ID (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1000489.06283.24
2) Time zone (TIMEZ)
TOTAL%
1) Central29829.8
2) Eastern49849.8
3) Mountain575.7
4) Pacific14814.8
TOTAL1001100.0
3) Region (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast17517.5
2) Midwest24324.3
3) South38038
4) West20220.2
TOTAL1000100.0
4) As you know the U.S. Constitution provides citizens many rights and freedoms. Are there any particular rights or freedoms that you feel are most important to American society? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) (IMRIGHT1)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press304
2) Freedom of speech41354.4
3) Freedom not to practice religion182.4
4) Freedom to practice religion628.2
5) Right to petition1.1
6) Right of assembly/Right to association141.8
7) Right to bear arms/own guns668.7
8) Right to trial by jury/fair trial111.4
9) Right to privacy101.3
10) Freedom from unreasonable search and seizure6.8
11) Right to protest1.1
12) Other10914.4
13) Right to vote182.4
Missing241 
TOTAL759100.0
5) As you know the U.S. Constitution provides citizens many rights and freedoms. Are there any particular rights or freedoms that you feel are most important to American society? [Do not read list provided below] (Circle all responses) PROBE: Are there any others? (IMRIGHT2)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press185.5
2) Freedom of speech7824
3) Freedom not to practice religion195.8
4) Freedom to practice religion5416.6
5) Right to petition82.5
6) Right of assembly/Right to association154.6
7) Right to bear arms/own guns5416.6
8) Right to trial by jury/fair trial144.3
9) Right to privacy113.4
10) Freedom from unreasonable search and seizure2.6
11) Right to protest3.9
12) Other216.5
13) Right to vote288.6
Missing674 
TOTAL325100.0
6) As you know the U.S. Constitution provides citizens many rights and freedoms. Are there any particular rights or freedoms that you feel are most important to American society? [Do not read list provided below] (Circle all responses) PROBE: Are there any others? (IMRIGHT3)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press76.2
2) Freedom of speech119.7
3) Freedom not to practice religion98
4) Freedom to practice religion1513.3
5) Right to petition1210.6
6) Right of assembly/Right to association87.1
7) Right to bear arms/own guns1513.3
8) Right to trial by jury/fair trial1.9
9) Right to privacy87.1
10) Freedom from unreasonable search and seizure32.7
11) Right to protest32.7
12) Other108.8
13) Right to vote119.7
Missing887 
TOTAL113100.0
7) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) (IMRIGHT4)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press458.9
2) Freedom of speech38275.6
3) Freedom of religion275.3
4) Right to petition3.6
5) Right of assembly/association173.4
6) Other316.1
Missing494 
TOTAL505100.0
8) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) (IMRIGHT5)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press5223.3
2) Freedom of speech4520.2
3) Freedom of religion7332.7
4) Right to petition52.2
5) Right of assembly/association3113.9
6) Other177.6
Missing777 
TOTAL223100.0
9) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) (IMRIGHT6)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press1719.1
2) Freedom of speech89
3) Freedom of religion2528.1
4) Right to petition55.6
5) Right of assembly/association2427
6) Other1011.2
Missing911 
TOTAL89100.0
10) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) (IMRIGHT7)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press522.7
2) Freedom of speech00
3) Freedom of religion418.2
4) Right to petition418.2
5) Right of assembly/association627.3
6) Other313.6
Missing979 
TOTAL22100.0
11) As you may know, the First Amendment is part of the U.S. Constitution. Can you name any of the specific rights that are guaranteed by the First Amendment? (PROBE: Are there any others you can name?) (IMRIGHT8)
TOTAL%
1) Freedom of the press327.3
2) Freedom of speech00
3) Freedom of religion19.1
4) Right to petition436.4
5) Right of assembly/association327.3
6) Other00
Missing989 
TOTAL11100.0
12) The First Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution more than 200 years ago. This is what it says: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or of abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." Based on your own feeling about the First Amendment, please tell me whether you agree or disagree with the following statement: The First Amendment goes too far in the rights it guarantees. (FSTOOFAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15916.7
2) Mildly agree11612.2
3) Mildly disagree22423.6
4) Strongly disagree45147.5
Missing50 
TOTAL950100.0
13) Are the rights guaranteed by the First Amendment something you personally think about or are they something you take for granted? (RIGRANT)
TOTAL%
1) Personally think about41943.6
2) Take for granted54356.4
Missing38 
TOTAL962100.0
14) What about most people in the United States: Do you think the rights guaranteed by the First Amendment are something people specifically think about or are they something they take for granted? (RIGRANT2)
TOTAL%
1) Personally think about869
2) Take for granted87391
Missing41 
TOTAL959100.0
15) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of the press, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think the press in America has too much freedom to do what it wants, too little freedom to do what it wants, or is the amount freedom the press has about right? (RSTFRPRS)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom52954.4
2) Too little freedom717.3
3) About right37338.3
Missing27 
TOTAL973100.0
16) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of speech, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think Americans have too much freedom to speak freely, too little freedom to speak freely, or is the amount of freedom people have to speak freely about right? (RSTFRSP)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom12012.4
2) Too little freedom25826.7
3) About right58860.9
Missing34 
TOTAL966100.0
17) Even though the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, government has placed some restrictions on it. Overall, do you think Americans have too much religious freedom, too little religious freedom, or is the amount of religious freedom people have about right? (RSTFRRL)
TOTAL%
1) Too much freedom818.3
2) Too little freedom26327.1
3) About right62864.6
Missing28 
TOTAL972100.0
18) Do you think that imposing curfews on young people violates their First Amendment rights or not? (Clarify "young people" as people under age 18) (CURFEW)
TOTAL%
1) Violates rights18319.1
2) Does not violates rights77780.9
Missing39 
TOTAL960100.0
19) Under current law, do Americans have the legal right to burn the American flag as a means of political protest? Yes or no? (AMRIGHT1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33134
2) No64366
Missing26 
TOTAL974100.0
20) Under current law, do the courts have the right to send reporters to jail for refusing to reveal a news source? Yes or no? (AMRIGHT2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36840.4
2) No54459.6
Missing88 
TOTAL912100.0
21) Under current law, does the government have the right to restrict indecent material on the Internet? Yes or no? (AMRIGHT3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53357.4
2) No39642.6
Missing71 
TOTAL929100.0
22) Under current law, do controversial groups that hold unpopular beliefs have the legal right to demonstrate peacefully in public? Yes or no? (AMRIGHT4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes85887.6
2) No12112.4
Missing21 
TOTAL979100.0
23) Under current law, does a science teacher in a public school have the legal right to teach the biblical view of creation as an alternative to Darwin's theory of evolution in class? Yes or no? (AMRIGHT5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes41845.3
2) No50454.7
Missing78 
TOTAL922100.0
24) Under current law, does someone have the legal right to shout "Fire" in a crowded arena as a prank? Yes or no? (AMRIGHT6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes727.4
2) No90792.6
Missing21 
TOTAL979100.0
25) To the best of your recollection, have you ever taken classes in either school or college that dealt with the First Amendment? (FSTAMSCH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51652.4
2) No46847.6
Missing16 
TOTAL984100.0
26) Would that have been grade school, high school, college or somewhere else? (GRDFSTAM)
TOTAL%
1) Grade school285.5
2) High school32663.5
3) College14728.7
4) Somewhere else122.3
Missing486 
TOTAL513100.0
27) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Displayed an American Flag. (PSTYEAR1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55755.8
2) No44144.2
Missing2 
TOTAL998100.0
28) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Signed a petition. (PSTYEAR2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53554.1
2) No45445.9
Missing11 
TOTAL989100.0
29) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Voted. (PSTYEAR3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73273.3
2) No26626.7
Missing2 
TOTAL998100.0
30) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Participated in a political rally. (PSTYEAR4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes989.8
2) No89790.2
Missing5 
TOTAL995100.0
31) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Attended a public meeting. (PSTYEAR5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50450.7
2) No49149.3
Missing5 
TOTAL995100.0
32) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Contacted an elected official (PSTYEAR6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37837.9
2) No62062.1
Missing2 
TOTAL998100.0
33) Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following in the past year. Sent a letter to the editor (PSTYEAR7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes11911.9
2) No87788.1
Missing4 
TOTAL996100.0
34) Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statement: People should be allowed to express their opinion whatever that may be. (EXPOPN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree64064.8
2) Mildly agree25525.8
3) Mildly disagree626.3
4) Strongly disagree313.1
Missing11 
TOTAL988100.0
35) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise tobacco. (FRSPEE1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16632.5
2) Mildly agree19838.8
3) Mildly disagree418
4) Strongly disagree10520.6
Missing490 
TOTAL510100.0
36) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise tobacco on TV. (FRSPEE2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11924.6
2) Mildly agree13327.5
3) Mildly disagree4910.1
4) Strongly disagree18237.7
Missing516 
TOTAL483100.0
37) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products. (FRSPEE3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12123.6
2) Mildly agree20239.5
3) Mildly disagree397.6
4) Strongly disagree15029.3
Missing488 
TOTAL512100.0
38) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products on TV. (FRSPEE4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11724.4
2) Mildly agree13127.3
3) Mildly disagree479.8
4) Strongly disagree18438.4
Missing521 
TOTAL479100.0
39) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. The media should be allowed to broadcast pictures of nude persons. (FRSPEE5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree285.6
2) Mildly agree7314.6
3) Mildly disagree6012
4) Strongly disagree33867.7
Missing501 
TOTAL499100.0
40) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. The media should be allowed to broadcast pictures of nude or partially clothed persons. (FRSPEE6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree265.4
2) Mildly agree7916.3
3) Mildly disagree7515.5
4) Strongly disagree30562.9
Missing515 
TOTAL485100.0
41) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to express unpopular opinions. (FRSPEE7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree57958.7
2) Mildly agree28328.7
3) Mildly disagree798
4) Strongly disagree464.7
Missing13 
TOTAL987100.0
42) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise tobacco on billboards. (FRSPEE8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27928.3
2) Mildly agree34635.1
3) Mildly disagree848.5
4) Strongly disagree27628
Missing15 
TOTAL985100.0
43) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Companies should be allowed to advertise liquor and alcohol products on billboards. (FRSPEE9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24824.9
2) Mildly agree34634.8
3) Mildly disagree11111.2
4) Strongly disagree28929.1
Missing5 
TOTAL994100.0
44) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Musicians should be allowed to sing songs with words that others might find offensive. (FRSPEE10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27028
2) Mildly agree28930
3) Mildly disagree14815.4
4) Strongly disagree25626.6
Missing36 
TOTAL963100.0
45) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to place sexually explicit material on the Internet. (FRSPEE11)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9910
2) Mildly agree14514.7
3) Mildly disagree11812
4) Strongly disagree62563.3
Missing13 
TOTAL987100.0
46) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to burn or deface the American flag as a political statement. (FRSPEE12)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree979.8
2) Mildly agree10410.5
3) Mildly disagree565.6
4) Strongly disagree73774.1
Missing6 
TOTAL994100.0
47) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. School students should be allowed to wear a T-shirt with a message or picture that others may find offensive. (FRSPEE13)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree9810.1
2) Mildly agree16817.2
3) Mildly disagree22623.2
4) Strongly disagree48249.5
Missing25 
TOTAL974100.0
48) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to use words in public that might be offensive to racial groups. (FRSPEE14)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree777.8
2) Mildly agree12612.8
3) Mildly disagree15816.1
4) Strongly disagree62163.2
Missing18 
TOTAL982100.0
49) I am going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to display in a public place art that has content that might be offensive to others. (FRSPEE15)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17317.7
2) Mildly agree23924.5
3) Mildly disagree23824.4
4) Strongly disagree32633.4
Missing26 
TOTAL976100.0
50) Recently a federal jury ruled that a Web site featuring "wanted" posters listing abortion doctors' names and addresses amounted to death threats, and therefore ordered the site's authors to pay damages. How much have you heard about this? A lot, some, a little, or none? (ABORPOS)
TOTAL%
1) A lot11511.5
2) Some20920.9
3) A little24024
4) None43643.6
Missing1 
TOTAL1000100.0
51) Do you think this ruling is or is not a violation of the site's author's First Amendment rights? (ABORPOS1)
TOTAL%
1) Is43251.2
2) Is not41148.8
Missing157 
TOTAL843100.0
52) Tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statement: News organizations should be allowed to report or publish what they think is appropriate to report. (PUBLISH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31332.7
2) Mildly agree34636.2
3) Mildly disagree14014.6
4) Strongly disagree15716.4
Missing43 
TOTAL956100.0
53) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Newspapers should be allowed to publish freely without government approval of a story. (FREPRES1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37939.2
2) Mildly agree27528.5
3) Mildly disagree13714.2
4) Strongly disagree17518.1
Missing33 
TOTAL966100.0
54) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Journalists should be allowed to keep a news source confidential. (FREPRES2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree47648.9
2) Mildly agree31332.2
3) Mildly disagree969.9
4) Strongly disagree889
Missing27 
TOTAL973100.0
55) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Broadcasters should be allowed to televise courtroom trials. (FREPRES3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33634.8
2) Mildly agree33034.2
3) Mildly disagree12713.2
4) Strongly disagree17217.8
Missing35 
TOTAL965100.0
56) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Newspapers should be allowed to endorse or criticize political candidates. (FREPRES4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34635.2
2) Mildly agree28428.9
3) Mildly disagree13613.8
4) Strongly disagree21722.1
Missing17 
TOTAL983100.0
57) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. The news media should be allowed to report government secrets that have come to journalists' attention. (FREPRES5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23124
2) Mildly agree25326.2
3) Mildly disagree17718.4
4) Strongly disagree30331.4
Missing35 
TOTAL964100.0
58) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Television networks should be allowed to project winners of an election while people are still voting. (FREPRES6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10911.1
2) Mildly agree17818.1
3) Mildly disagree19019.3
4) Strongly disagree50851.6
Missing15 
TOTAL985100.0
59) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. High school students should be allowed to report controversial issues in their student newspapers without approval of school authorities. (FREPRES7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19019.6
2) Mildly agree18418.9
3) Mildly disagree27127.9
4) Strongly disagree32633.6
Missing29 
TOTAL971100.0
60) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Journalists should be allowed to use hidden cameras in their reporting. (FREPRES8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree949.5
2) Mildly agree18018.3
3) Mildly disagree17617.8
4) Strongly disagree53654.4
Missing14 
TOTAL986100.0
61) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Broadcasters should be allowed to televise the proceedings of the U.S. Supreme Court. (FREPRES9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44546
2) Mildly agree28829.8
3) Mildly disagree11411.8
4) Strongly disagree12112.5
Missing32 
TOTAL968100.0
62) I'm going to read you some ways that freedom of the press may be exercised. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that the press should be allowed to do it. Journalists should be allowed to investigate the private lives of public figures. (FRPRES10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17317.5
2) Mildly agree21421.6
3) Mildly disagree18318.5
4) Strongly disagree41942.4
Missing11 
TOTAL989100.0
63) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Any group that wants should be allowed to hold a rally for a cause or issue even if it may be offensive to others in the community. (OFFRALLY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29830.6
2) Mildly agree32132.9
3) Mildly disagree16016.4
4) Strongly disagree19620.1
Missing25 
TOTAL975100.0
64) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should regulate what appears on television. (GOVREGTV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19620
2) Mildly agree24725.2
3) Mildly disagree21321.7
4) Strongly disagree32433.1
Missing20 
TOTAL980100.0
65) As you may know, most public libraries have computers that visitors may use to access information on the Internet. I'm going to read you two statements. Please tell me which one comes closest to your own opinion. Some people think that public libraries should block access to certain Internet sites that might offend some people. Other people think that public library users should have access to all Internet sites. Which of these comes closest to your own opinion? (PUBLIB)
TOTAL%
1) Block access58560.7
2) Access to all37839.3
Missing37 
TOTAL963100.0
66) People get their news and information from many different sources, what do you consider to be your primary source for the news? Newspapers, television news, radio, magazines, internet, or some other source. (PRMSRCE)
TOTAL%
1) Newspaper25225.5
2) Television news55956.6
3) Radio11111.2
4) Magazines141.4
5) Internet272.7
6) Other (specify)242.4
Missing12 
TOTAL987100.0
67) As you may know, courts have traditionally given broad First Amendment protections to books and newspapers that contain material that may be offensive to some people. Recently the U.S.Supreme Court ruled that material on the Internet has the same First Amendment protections as printed material such as books and newspapers. Do you agree or disagree with this ruling strongly or mildly? (PROINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31032.8
2) Mildly agree32734.6
3) Mildly disagree16917.9
4) Strongly disagree13914.7
Missing54 
TOTAL945100.0
68) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to place sexually explicit material on the Internet. (EXFRSP1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10710.9
2) Mildly agree19019.4
3) Mildly disagree13013.3
4) Strongly disagree55456.5
Missing19 
TOTAL981100.0
69) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. People should be allowed to publish sexually explicit material in magazines. (EXFRSP2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree16216.4
2) Mildly agree28929.3
3) Mildly disagree12512.7
4) Strongly disagree40941.5
Missing15 
TOTAL985100.0
70) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Broadcast television, such as your local networks like NBC and CBS, should be allowed to show sexually explicit material on the air. (PROBE: Is that strongly or mildly agree/disagree?) (EXFRSP3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree646.5
2) Mildly agree11711.8
3) Mildly disagree17617.7
4) Strongly disagree63564
Missing8 
TOTAL992100.0
71) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Thinking specifically about premium subscription cable channels like HBO, Cinemax, and Showtime, do you think they should be allowed to show sexually explicit material on the air? (EXFRSP4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25125.5
2) Mildly agree33934.5
3) Mildly disagree11111.3
4) Strongly disagree28328.8
Missing16 
TOTAL984100.0
72) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Basic cable television should be allowed to show sexually explicit material on the air. (EXFRSP5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree969.7
2) Mildly agree16016.2
3) Mildly disagree18418.6
4) Strongly disagree54955.5
Missing12 
TOTAL989100.0
73) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Television advertisers should be allowed to use sexually explicit material. (EXFRSP6)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree414.1
2) Mildly agree10410.5
3) Mildly disagree20820.9
4) Strongly disagree64264.5
Missing5 
TOTAL995100.0
74) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Print advertisers, in magazines or newspapers, should be allowed to use sexually explicit material. (EXFRSP7)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree686.9
2) Mildly agree16216.4
3) Mildly disagree19920.1
4) Strongly disagree55956.6
Missing12 
TOTAL988100.0
75) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Radio shows should be allowed to talk about sexually explicit material. (EXFRSP8)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree10310.4
2) Mildly agree22422.7
3) Mildly disagree20821.1
4) Strongly disagree45345.9
Missing13 
TOTAL988100.0
76) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Video stores should be allowed to rent out sexually explicit videos. (EXFRSP9)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree24424.8
2) Mildly agree39239.9
3) Mildly disagree949.6
4) Strongly disagree25225.7
Missing19 
TOTAL982100.0
77) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Advertisers should be allowed to place sexually explicit material on billboards? (EXFRSP10)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree292.9
2) Mildly agree585.8
3) Mildly disagree14614.6
4) Strongly disagree76576.7
Missing3 
TOTAL998100.0
78) Do you think the Federal Government should or should not be involved, either directly or indirectly, in requiring the ratings of entertainment television programs? (GOVRATTV)
TOTAL%
1) Should57059
2) Should not39641
Missing35 
TOTAL966100.0
79) As you may know, the ratings system applies to entertainment shows on TV. Do you think this ratings system should or should not also apply to TV news programs. (RATNEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Should59361.5
2) Should not apply37138.5
Missing36 
TOTAL964100.0
80) There has been a lot of talk lately about rating or placing regulations on what is posted on the Internet. Do you think the government has a role to play in developing a system to rate Internet material or do you think government should not be involved? (RATINT)
TOTAL%
1) Government should be involved58461.2
2) Government should not be involved37138.8
Missing44 
TOTAL955100.0
81) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Tabloid newspapers such as The Star and the National Enquirer should have the same freedom to publish what they want as other newspapers such as The New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. (EXRIGHT1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree36237
2) Mildly agree34735.4
3) Mildly disagree767.8
4) Strongly disagree19419.8
Missing22 
TOTAL979100.0
82) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Magazines such as Playboy and Hustler should have the same freedom to publish what they want as the other magazines such as Time and Newsweek. (EXRIGHT2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree38639.5
2) Mildly agree32433.2
3) Mildly disagree687
4) Strongly disagree19920.4
Missing22 
TOTAL977100.0
83) I'm going to read you some ways people might exercise their First Amendment right of free speech. For each, tell me if you agree or disagree that someone should be allowed to do it. Television shows such as the Jerry Springer show and Jenny Jones show should have the same freedom to air what they want as ABC News with Peter Jennings. (EXRIGHT3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29830.7
2) Mildly agree30431.3
3) Mildly disagree10711
4) Strongly disagree26126.9
Missing30 
TOTAL970100.0
84) The press should be allowed to publish factual information that may be embarrassing or sensitive regarding a public official's private life. (PUBPRIV1)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree20520.8
2) Mildly agree27327.7
3) Mildly disagree16817.1
4) Strongly disagree33834.3
Missing16 
TOTAL984100.0
85) The press should be allowed to publish factual information that may be embarrassing or sensitive regarding a celebrity who has not been voted into a public office (like an actor). (PUBPRIV2)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17217.7
2) Mildly agree27127.8
3) Mildly disagree22022.6
4) Strongly disagree31131.9
Missing26 
TOTAL974100.0
86) The press should be allowed to publish factual information that may be embarrassing or sensitive regarding an ordinary citizen. (PUBPRIV3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12012.3
2) Mildly agree24625.3
3) Mildly disagree18519
4) Strongly disagree42143.3
Missing28 
TOTAL972100.0
87) Teachers or other public school officials should be allowed to lead prayers in school. (PUBPRIV4)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44445.1
2) Mildly agree20821.1
3) Mildly disagree15315.5
4) Strongly disagree17918.2
Missing16 
TOTAL984100.0
88) Government should be allowed to regulate the activities of celebrity photographers [a. k. a. the paparazzi (PA-PA-RAHT-ZEE)]. (PUBPRIV5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree28830
2) Mildly agree23524.5
3) Mildly disagree21021.9
4) Strongly disagree22623.6
Missing41 
TOTAL959100.0
89) Do you currently have access to the Internet at work, school, or home? (INTACC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55655.7
2) No44344.3
Missing1 
TOTAL999100.0
90) Have you used the Internet in the last 30 days? (USEDINT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44680.4
2) No10919.6
Missing445 
TOTAL555100.0
91) On average, how many hours per week do you use the Internet? (Enter two digits.) (HRSINT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10007.9410.15
92) Now I'd just like to ask a few questions for classification purposes only. In what year were you born? (BIRTHYR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL100054.0617.56
93) What was the last grade of school you completed? Grade school or less, some high school, high school, some college, college grad, post graduate. (SCHOOL)
TOTAL%
1) Grade school or less434.3
2) Some high school12812.8
3) High school34334.4
4) Trade school141.4
5) Some college25025.1
6) College graduate15015
7) Post graduate696.9
Missing3 
TOTAL997100.0
94) Are you White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or something else? (RACE1)
TOTAL%
1) White80581.9
2) Black878.9
3) Hispanic414.2
4) Asian151.5
5) Other (specify)353.6
Missing16 
TOTAL983100.0
95) For classification purposes only, is the total yearly income of all the members of your family now living at home $40,000 or more, or would it be less than $40,000? (YRINCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Under $40,00045348.4
2) 40,000 or above48251.6
Missing65 
TOTAL935100.0
96) And is that… (YRINCOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Under $10,0005713.3
2) $10,000 to less than $20,00012228.4
3) $20,000 to less than $30,00012228.4
4) $30,000 to less than $40,00012829.8
Missing571 
TOTAL429100.0
97) And is that… (YRINCOM2)
TOTAL%
1) $40,000 to less than $50,00012428.2
2) $50,000 to less than $75,00016337
3) $75,000 to less than $100,0008419.1
4) $100,000 or more6915.7
Missing561 
TOTAL440100.0
98) What is your marital status? Are you married, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married52052.5
2) Divorced/Separated13013.1
3) Widowed989.9
4) Never married24224.4
Missing10 
TOTAL990100.0
99) Are you currently employed full-time, employed part-time, retired, temporarily laid-off or are you not employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time54254.6
2) Part-time11011.1
3) Retired18018.1
4) Temporarily laid off252.5
5) Not employed13613.7
Missing7 
TOTAL993100.0
100) Are you Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, other Christian, none, something else? (RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Catholic23624.4
2) Protestant28829.7
3) Jewish141.4
4) Other Christian22323
5) None10911.2
6) Something else (specify)9910.2
Missing32 
TOTAL969100.0
101) Do you attend religious services more than once a week, once a week, two or three times a month, once a month, less than once a month, or not at all? (RELATT)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week13914.1
2) Once a week24224.5
3) Two or three times a month10810.9
4) Once a month979.8
5) Less than once a month, or15015.2
6) Not at all25125.4
Missing12 
TOTAL987100.0
102) In politics TODAY, are you a Democrat, a Republican, and Independent or what? (POLAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat32533.3
2) Republican26226.9
3) Independent24324.9
4) No preference11812.1
5) Other (vol.)272.8
Missing25 
TOTAL975100.0
103) Politically speaking, do you consider yourself to be liberal, moderate, or conservative? (LIBCONS)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal19921.4
2) Moderate33235.7
3) Conservative37740.5
4) None (vol)232.5
Missing70 
TOTAL931100.0
104) Do you have any children under the age of 18? (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39139.3
2) No60460.7
Missing5 
TOTAL995100.0
105) Respondent's sex: (DO NOT ASK) (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male47647.6
2) Female52452.4
TOTAL1000100.0
106) Recode of PRMSRCE (NEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Newspaper25225.5
2) TV55956.6
3) Radio/Magazine/Internet/Other17617.8
Missing12 
TOTAL987100.0
107) Recode of USEDINT (INTERNET)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44644.6
2) No55355.4
TOTAL999100.0
108) Recode of SCHOOL (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) High school or less51451.6
2) Some college\trade26326.4
3) College or more22022.1
Missing3 
TOTAL997100.0
109) Recode of BIRTHYR (AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 – 2922523
2) 30 – 4431532.1
3) 45 – 6125225.7
4) 62+18819.2
Missing19 
TOTAL980100.0
110) Recode of RACE1 (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White80581.9
2) Non-White17818.1
Missing16 
TOTAL983100.0
111) Recode of YRINCOM (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $30,00030134.7
2) $30,000 – under $50,00025128.9
3) $50,000 – under $75,00016318.8
4) $75,000+15317.6
Missing131 
TOTAL868100.0
112) Recode of RELATT (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) At least once a week38138.6
2) At least once a month20520.8
3) Less than once a month15015.2
4) Not at all25125.4
Missing12 
TOTAL987100.0
113) Recode of POLAFF (AFFIL)
TOTAL%
1) Democrat32533.3
2) Republican26226.9
3) Independent24324.9
4) Other14514.9
Missing25 
TOTAL975100.0
114) Recode of LIBCONS (IDEO)
TOTAL%
1) Liberal19921.9
2) Moderate33236.6
3) Conservative37741.5
Missing92 
TOTAL908100.0
115) Recode of CHILDREN (KIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39139.3
2) No60460.7
Missing5 
TOTAL995100.0
116) Political participation (POLPART)
TOTAL%
1) Low41841.8
2) Medium37537.5
3) High20720.7
TOTAL1000100.0
117) Age weight (WGTAGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2922523
2) 30-5954555.6
3) 60+21021.4
Missing19 
TOTAL980100.0
118) Education weight (WGTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than high school17017.1
2) High school graduate34334.5
3) Some college26326.4
4) College graduate15015.1
5) Post-graduate696.9
Missing3 
TOTAL995100.0
119) Gender weight (WGTSEX)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10001.520.50
120) Class weight (WGTCLAS)
TOTAL%
111) Male, 18-29, less than high school222.2
112) Male, 18-29, high school graduate363.7
113) Male, 18-29, some college373.8
114) Male, 18-29, college graduate151.5
115) Male, 18-29, post-graduate3.3
121) Male, 30-59, less than high school383.9
122) Male, 30-59, high school graduate889
123) Male, 30-59, some college686.9
124) Male, 30-59, college graduate464.7
125) Male, 30-59, post-graduate282.9
131) Male, 60+, less than high school293
132) Male, 60+, high school graduate272.7
133) Male, 60+, some college161.6
134) Male, 60+, college graduate101
135) Male, 60+, post-graduate8.8
211) Female, 18-29, less than high school/high school graduate535.4
213) Female, 18-29, some college414.2
214) Female, 18-29, college graduate161.6
215) Female, 18-29, post-graduate3.3
221) Female, 30-59, less than high school373.8
222) Female, 30-59, high school graduate979.9
223) Female, 30-59, some college767.7
224) Female, 30-59, college graduate474.8
225) Female, 30-59, post-graduate212.1
231) Female, 60+, less than high school404.1
232) Female, 60+, high school graduate464.7
233) Female, 60+, some college212.1
234) Female, 60+, college graduate131.3
235) Female, 60+, post-graduate00
9191) Male, Refused age, less than high school00
9192) Male, Refused age, high school graduate00
9291) Female, Refused age, less than high school00
9292) Female, Refused age, high school graduate00
9293) Female, Refused age, some college00
9299) Female, Refused age, Refused college00
9915) No gender, 18-29, post-graduate00
9922) No gender, 30-59, high school graduate00
9923) No gender, 30-59, some college00
9924) No gender, 30-59, college graduate00
9933) No gender, 60+, some college00
Missing19 
TOTAL982100.0
121) Weight (WEIGHT)
TOTAL%
0.45) 0.453.3
0.49) 0.498.8
0.55) 0.55282.8
0.56) 0.56676.7
0.58) 0.58323.2
0.59) 0.59474.7
0.71) 0.71131.3
0.73) 0.73767.6
0.76) 0.76161.6
0.8) 0.8686.8
0.82) 0.82161.6
0.87) 0.87151.5
0.95) 0.95464.6
1) 18-29191.9
1.02) 1.02414.1
1.25) 1.25888.8
1.31) 1.31979.7
1.32) 1.323.3
1.42) 1.42535.3
1.44) 1.44363.6
1.68) 1.68373.7
1.94) 1.94272.7
2) 30-5900
2.48) 2.48222.2
2.62) 2.62292.9
2.66) 2.66404
3) 60+00
3.04888888888889) 3.04888888888889373.7
3.83) 3.83383.8
TOTAL1002100.0
122) Now I'd just like to ask a few questions for classification purposes only. In what year were you born? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 25666.7
2) 25-4420721.1
3) 45-6439740.5
4) 65+31131.7
Missing19 
TOTAL981100.0
123) Recode of SCHOOL (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) High school or less51451.6
2) Some college\trade26326.4
3) College or more22022.1
Missing3 
TOTAL997100.0
124) Respondent's sex: (DO NOT ASK) (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male47647.6
2) Female52452.4
TOTAL1000100.0
125) Recode of YRINCOM (for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $30,00030134.7
2) $30,000 – under $50,00025128.9
3) $50,000 – under $75,00016318.8
4) $75,000+15317.6
Missing131 
TOTAL868100.0
126) Recode of RACE1 (for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White80581.9
2) Non-White17818.1
Missing16 
TOTAL983100.0
127) Region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast17517.5
2) Midwest24324.3
3) South38038
4) West20220.2
TOTAL1000100.0