Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Codebook


Percentages are weighted by 169) WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted
1) Survey year (YEAR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL325701995.167.48
2) Respondent's unique ID (RESPID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL32570164883.78475447.27
3) Forms used in 1987-1994 surveys (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1 39
2) Form 2 38.9
3) Form 3 15.9
4) Form 4 6.2
Missing15204 
TOTAL17366100.0
4) Two-way form split for 2003 (FORM2)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1 50
2) Form 2 50
Missing30042 
TOTAL2528100.0
5) Two-way form split for 2007 (FORM07)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1 48.9
2) Form 2 51.1
Missing30563 
TOTAL2007100.0
6) Four-way form split for 2007 (FORM074)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1A 25.6
2) Form 1B 23.3
3) Form 2A 25.9
4) Form 2B 25.2
Missing30563 
TOTAL2007100.0
7) Survey split for 2009 (SURVEY09)
TOTAL%
1) Values A, administered 3/31-4/6 46.5
2) Values B, administered 4/14-4/20 53.5
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
8) Two-way form split for 2009 (FORM09)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1 49.2
2) Form 2 50.8
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
9) Total four-way form split for 2009 (FORM094)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1A 24.4
2) Form 1B 24.8
3) Form 2A 26.2
4) Form 2B 24.6
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
10) Now I am going to read you a series of statements that will help us understand how you feel about a number of things. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: People like me don't have any say about what the government does. (Q2A) (FEELGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 16.5
2) Mostly agree 35
3) Mostly disagree 32.4
4) Completely disagree 14.5
9) Don't know/Refused 1.6
Missing3 
TOTAL32567100.0
11) Generally speaking, elected officials in Washington lose touch with the people quickly. (Q2B) (FEELOFWA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 30.3
2) Mostly agree 47.7
3) Mostly disagree 16.4
4) Completely disagree 3.2
9) Don't know/Refused 2.4
Missing4 
TOTAL32566100.0
12) Most elected officials care what people like me think. (Q2C) (FEELOFF)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 5.5
2) Mostly agree 35.5
3) Mostly disagree 40.2
4) Completely disagree 16.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2.7
Missing7 
TOTAL32563100.0
13) Voting gives people like me some say about how government runs things. (Q2D) (FEELVOT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 25
2) Mostly agree 47.7
3) Mostly disagree 17.7
4) Completely disagree 7.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2.6
Missing5032 
TOTAL27538100.0
14) Success in life is pretty much determined by forces outside our control. (Q2E) (FEELSUC)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 10.4
2) Mostly agree 25.5
3) Mostly disagree 38.3
4) Completely disagree 22.6
9) Don't know/Refused 3.2
Missing4081 
TOTAL28489100.0
15) Hard work offers little guarantee of success. (Q2F) (FEELWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 11.6
2) Mostly agree 22
3) Mostly disagree 37.8
4) Completely disagree 26.7
9) Don't know/Refused 1.9
Missing1512 
TOTAL31058100.0
16) I admire people who get rich by working hard. (Q2G) (FEELRICH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 50.4
2) Mostly agree 38.5
3) Mostly disagree 6.6
4) Completely disagree 3.2
9) Don't know/Refused 1.4
Missing20616 
TOTAL11954100.0
17) The federal government should be able to overrule individual states on important matters. (Q87G) (FEELFED)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 9.9
2) Mostly agree 34.3
3) Mostly disagree 31.8
4) Completely disagree 15.6
9) Don't know/Refused 8.5
Missing22311 
TOTAL10259100.0
18) The strength of this country today is mostly based on the success of American business. (Q2H) (FEELSTTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22.5
2) Mostly agree 53.9
3) Mostly disagree 15.2
4) Completely disagree 4.3
9) Don't know/Refused 4.1
Missing5304 
TOTAL27266100.0
19) Government regulation of business usually does more harm than good. (Q2I) (FEELBUS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 17.1
2) Mostly agree 39.2
3) Mostly disagree 30.4
4) Completely disagree 5.5
9) Don't know/Refused 7.9
Missing9370 
TOTAL23200100.0
20) Federal government should run ONLY the things that cannot be run at the local level. (Q2J) (FEDLOC)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 27.7
2) Mostly agree 46.5
3) Mostly disagree 16.4
4) Completely disagree 4.4
9) Don't know/Refused 5
Missing12886 
TOTAL19684100.0
21) When something is run by the government, it is usually inefficient and wasteful. (Q2K) (FEELGVWS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.3
2) Mostly agree 39.6
3) Mostly disagree 27.1
4) Completely disagree 5.3
9) Don't know/Refused 3.7
Missing3795 
TOTAL28775100.0
22) The federal government controls too much of our daily lives. (Q2L) (FEELGTCT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 25.2
2) Mostly agree 35.1
3) Mostly disagree 31
4) Completely disagree 5.9
9) Don't know/Refused 2.9
Missing3797 
TOTAL28773100.0
23) The government is really run for the benefit of all the people. (Q2M) (FEELGTPL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 10.4
2) Mostly agree 40.4
3) Mostly disagree 33.5
4) Completely disagree 13
9) Don't know/Refused 2.7
Missing1514 
TOTAL31056100.0
24) Business corporations generally strike a fair balance between making profits and serving the public interest. (Q2N) (FEELBS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 5.7
2) Mostly agree 35.4
3) Mostly disagree 38.9
4) Completely disagree 14.5
9) Don't know/Refused 5.5
Missing5272 
TOTAL27298100.0
25) There is too much power concentrated in the hands of a few big companies. (Q2O) (FEELPWBS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 32.2
2) Mostly agree 45
3) Mostly disagree 16.5
4) Completely disagree 3
9) Don't know/Refused 3.4
Missing3769 
TOTAL28801100.0
26) Business corporations make too much profit. (Q2P) (FEELBSPR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 23.9
2) Mostly agree 39
3) Mostly disagree 25.6
4) Completely disagree 5.8
9) Don't know/Refused 5.8
Missing3771 
TOTAL28799100.0
27) It is time for Washington politicians to step aside and make room for new leaders. (Q2Q) (FEELPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 25.4
2) Mostly agree 42.1
3) Mostly disagree 22.5
4) Completely disagree 3.6
9) Don't know/Refused 6.4
Missing7818 
TOTAL24752100.0
28) Dealing with a federal government agency is often not worth the trouble. (Q2R) (FEELGTAG)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.2
2) Mostly agree 41.9
3) Mostly disagree 27.6
4) Completely disagree 4.5
9) Don't know/Refused 6.8
Missing11840 
TOTAL20730100.0
29) Many people today think that they can get ahead without working hard and making sacrifices. (Q2S) (FEELGETA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 23.6
2) Mostly agree 38.7
3) Mostly disagree 22.8
4) Completely disagree 13
9) Don't know/Refused 1.9
Missing23129 
TOTAL9441100.0
30) As Americans we can always find a way to solve our problems and get what we want. (Q2T) (FEELSLPR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 15.8
2) Mostly agree 51.7
3) Mostly disagree 22.8
4) Completely disagree 6.6
9) Don't know/Refused 3.1
Missing3762 
TOTAL28808100.0
31) I don't believe that there are any real limits to growth in this country today. (Q2U) (FEELGRLT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.1
2) Mostly agree 42.9
3) Mostly disagree 26.6
4) Completely disagree 7.1
9) Don't know/Refused 4.3
Missing3762 
TOTAL28808100.0
32) We need new people in Washington even if they are not as effective as experienced politicians. (Q2V) (FEELNWWA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 14.5
2) Mostly agree 34.4
3) Mostly disagree 34.6
4) Completely disagree 11.1
9) Don't know/Refused 5.3
Missing11883 
TOTAL20687100.0
33) Occasional acts of terrorism in the U.S. will be part of life in the future. (Q2HH) (FEELTERR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22
2) Mostly agree 48
3) Mostly disagree 16.9
4) Completely disagree 8.1
9) Don't know/Refused 5
Missing26543 
TOTAL6027100.0
34) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: There needs to be stricter laws and regulation to protect the environment. (Q10A) (DTLAWENV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 45.3
2) Mostly agree 39.8
3) Mostly disagree 10.7
4) Completely disagree 3.3
9) Don't know/Refused .9
Missing19634 
TOTAL12936100.0
35) People should be willing to pay higher prices in order to protect the environment. (Q10B) (DTPRCENV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 18.8
2) Mostly agree 41.2
3) Mostly disagree 26.2
4) Completely disagree 11.9
9) Don't know/Refused 2
Missing18127 
TOTAL14443100.0
36) Our society should do what is necessary to make sure that everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed. (Q10C) (DTEQLOPP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 49.8
2) Mostly agree 40.9
3) Mostly disagree 5.8
4) Completely disagree 1.9
9) Don't know/Refused 1.5
Missing1514 
TOTAL31056100.0
37) We have gone too far in pushing equal rights in this country. (Q10D) (DTTFEQUR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 16
2) Mostly agree 27
3) Mostly disagree 31.9
4) Completely disagree 21.7
9) Don't know/Refused 3.4
Missing3797 
TOTAL28773100.0
38) It is the responsibility of the government to take care of people who can't take care of themselves. (Q10E) (DTRESPGV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 23.5
2) Mostly agree 43.5
3) Mostly disagree 21.4
4) Completely disagree 8.1
9) Don't know/Refused 3.5
Missing7865 
TOTAL24705100.0
39) The government should help more needy people even if it means going deeper in debt. (Q10F) (DTHELPND)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 15.7
2) Mostly agree 34.7
3) Mostly disagree 32.6
4) Completely disagree 12.1
9) Don't know/Refused 5
Missing5843 
TOTAL26727100.0
40) The government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (Q10G) (DTEATSL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 29.2
2) Mostly agree 35.2
3) Mostly disagree 23.1
4) Completely disagree 9.5
9) Don't know/Refused 3
Missing5304 
TOTAL27266100.0
41) I like political leaders who are willing to make compromises in order to get the job done. (Q10H) (DTPOLCMP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 25.2
2) Mostly agree 49.4
3) Mostly disagree 14.8
4) Completely disagree 5.1
9) Don't know/Refused 5.6
Missing13898 
TOTAL18672100.0
42) I don't pay attention to whether a candidate calls himself a liberal or a conservative. (Q87BB) (DTPPAYCA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 21.9
2) Mostly agree 40.7
3) Mostly disagree 22.5
4) Completely disagree 9.8
9) Don't know/Refused 5.1
Missing16780 
TOTAL15790100.0
43) I am very patriotic. (Q10I) (DTPATRT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 50.6
2) Mostly agree 39.3
3) Mostly disagree 6.1
4) Completely disagree 1.9
9) Don't know/Refused 2.2
Missing5305 
TOTAL27265100.0
44) In the past few years there hasn't been much real improvement in the position of black people in this country. (Q10J) (DTPSBLCK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 12.4
2) Mostly agree 27.8
3) Mostly disagree 38.5
4) Completely disagree 15.6
9) Don't know/Refused 5.6
Missing7 
TOTAL32563100.0
45) I think it's all right for blacks and whites to date each other. (Q10K) (DTOLBLWT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 30.4
2) Mostly agree 31
3) Mostly disagree 15
4) Completely disagree 18.7
9) Don't know/Refused 4.9
Missing5303 
TOTAL27267100.0
46) We should make every possible effort to improve the position of blacks and other minorities, even if it means giving them preferential treatment. (Q10L) (DTPRFBL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 8.6
2) Mostly agree 19.8
3) Mostly disagree 37
4) Completely disagree 31.1
9) Don't know/Refused 3.5
Missing3795 
TOTAL28775100.0
47) Discrimination against blacks is rare today. (Q10M) (DTDISCRM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 7
2) Mostly agree 22.7
3) Mostly disagree 42.7
4) Completely disagree 23.3
9) Don't know/Refused 4.4
Missing5581 
TOTAL26989100.0
48) We should restrict and control people coming into our country to live more than we do now. (Q10N) (DTCONTRL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 43.5
2) Mostly agree 32.7
3) Mostly disagree 14.9
4) Completely disagree 5.8
9) Don't know/Refused 3.1
Missing19634 
TOTAL12936100.0
49) It is my belief that we should get even with any country that tries to take advantage of the United States. (Q10O) (DTGTEVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 18.2
2) Mostly agree 30.3
3) Mostly disagree 31.9
4) Completely disagree 13.3
9) Don't know/Refused 6.4
Missing5304 
TOTAL27266100.0
50) The best way to ensure peace is through military strength. (Q10P) (DTMILT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 20.1
2) Mostly agree 35.2
3) Mostly disagree 28.4
4) Completely disagree 12.6
9) Don't know/Refused 3.8
Missing3799 
TOTAL28771100.0
51) American lives are worth more than the lives of people in other countries. (Q10Q) (DTUSWTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 8.7
2) Mostly agree 14.4
3) Mostly disagree 33.1
4) Completely disagree 40.2
9) Don't know/Refused 3.6
Missing11322 
TOTAL21248100.0
52) We all should be willing to fight for our country, whether it is right or wrong. (Q10R) (DTFIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22
2) Mostly agree 32.5
3) Mostly disagree 25.3
4) Completely disagree 15.5
9) Don't know/Refused 4.8
Missing4806 
TOTAL27764100.0
53) I often worry about the chances of nuclear war. (Q10S) (DTNUCWR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24
2) Mostly agree 32.3
3) Mostly disagree 27.7
4) Completely disagree 13.9
9) Don't know/Refused 2
Missing15011 
TOTAL17559100.0
54) Most of the countries that have gotten help from America end up resenting us. (Q10T) (DTRESENT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 27.2
2) Mostly agree 44.1
3) Mostly disagree 19.4
4) Completely disagree 3
9) Don't know/Refused 6.3
Missing9370 
TOTAL23200100.0
55) It's best for the future of our country to be active in world affairs. (Q10U) (DTACTWA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 44.1
2) Mostly agree 45.5
3) Mostly disagree 5.9
4) Completely disagree 1.7
9) Don't know/Refused 2.8
Missing4805 
TOTAL27765100.0
56) Poor people have become too dependent on government assistance programs. (Q10V) (DTDEPND)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 33.1
2) Mostly agree 42.6
3) Mostly disagree 15.7
4) Completely disagree 4.8
9) Don't know/Refused 3.7
Missing15858 
TOTAL16712100.0
57) Japan has taken unfair advantage of the United States. (Q10W) (DTJAPAN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 28.8
2) Mostly agree 35.2
3) Mostly disagree 22.2
4) Completely disagree 5.6
9) Don't know/Refused 8.2
Missing25894 
TOTAL6676100.0
58) We should pay less attention to problems overseas and concentrate on problems here at home. (Q10X) (DTHOMEPR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 40.3
2) Mostly agree 40.2
3) Mostly disagree 14.3
4) Completely disagree 3.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2
Missing18127 
TOTAL14443100.0
59) We should put more emphasis on fuel conservation than on developing new oil supplies. (Q10Y) (DTFUELCS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 27.1
2) Mostly agree 41.1
3) Mostly disagree 18.6
4) Completely disagree 6.3
9) Don't know/Refused 6.9
Missing27802 
TOTAL4768100.0
60) The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional American customs and values. (Q10Z) (DTTHREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.6
2) Mostly agree 29.7
3) Mostly disagree 30.6
4) Completely disagree 14.8
9) Don't know/Refused 5.2
Missing26310 
TOTAL6260100.0
61) Women get fewer opportunities than men for good jobs. (Q10AA) (DTWOMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.6
2) Mostly agree 37.7
3) Mostly disagree 29.5
4) Completely disagree 10
9) Don't know/Refused 3.3
Missing27292 
TOTAL5278100.0
62) Men and women are better at different things in the workplace. (Q10BB) (DTMENWOM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 36.3
2) Mostly agree 41.2
3) Mostly disagree 13.6
4) Completely disagree 6.3
9) Don't know/Refused 2.5
Missing28784 
TOTAL3786100.0
63) The criminal justice system should try to rehabilitate criminals, not just punish them. (Q10CC) (DTREHBCR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 26.5
2) Mostly agree 43.3
3) Mostly disagree 15.3
4) Completely disagree 10.3
9) Don't know/Refused 4.5
Missing28784 
TOTAL3786100.0
64) The tax system is unfair to people like me. (Q10DD) (DTUNFRTX)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22.6
2) Mostly agree 28.6
3) Mostly disagree 35
4) Completely disagree 9.3
9) Don't know/Refused 4.5
Missing27802 
TOTAL4768100.0
65) I often worry about the chances of a nuclear attack by terrorists. (ASKED ON 2003 FORM 1 ONLY) (Q28S) (TONUCTER)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 16.2
2) Mostly agree 24.3
3) Mostly disagree 35.6
4) Completely disagree 22.7
9) Don't know/Refused 1.3
Missing31936 
TOTAL634100.0
66) There is an international communist conspiracy to rule the world. (Q87OO) (TOCONSP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.1
2) Mostly agree 32.5
3) Mostly disagree 24.8
4) Completely disagree 11
9) Don't know/Refused 12.5
Missing20263 
TOTAL12307100.0
67) Communist and non-communist countries can learn to live together peacefully. (Q87PP) (TOPEACE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.6
2) Mostly agree 48.5
3) Mostly disagree 15
4) Completely disagree 5.8
9) Don't know/Refused 6.1
Missing20268 
TOTAL12302100.0
68) Communist countries are all alike. (Q87QQ) (TOCMSAME)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 8.7
2) Mostly agree 25.4
3) Mostly disagree 40.1
4) Completely disagree 14.3
9) Don't know/Refused 11.5
Missing22306 
TOTAL10264100.0
69) Communists are responsible for a lot of the unrest in the United States today. (Q87RR) (TOCMRESP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 16.7
2) Mostly agree 34.7
3) Mostly disagree 28.9
4) Completely disagree 11
9) Don't know/Refused 8.8
Missing20258 
TOTAL12312100.0
70) I'm going read you some more statements on a different topic. Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with aech of these statements. The first one is: Prayer is an important part of my daily life. (Q16A) (TOPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 47.7
2) Mostly agree 30.2
3) Mostly disagree 14.2
4) Completely disagree 6.9
9) Don't know/Refused 1
Missing10836 
TOTAL21734100.0
71) We will all be called before God at the Judgment Day to answer for our sins. (Q16B) (TOJUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 57
2) Mostly agree 24.6
3) Mostly disagree 7.8
4) Completely disagree 6.4
9) Don't know/Refused 4.2
Missing5783 
TOTAL26787100.0
72) Even today miracles are performed by the power of God. (Q16C) (MIRACLE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 52.5
2) Mostly agree 29.6
3) Mostly disagree 8.5
4) Completely disagree 4.8
9) Don't know/Refused 4.5
Missing13583 
TOTAL18987100.0
73) I am sometimes very conscious of the presence of God. (Q87D) (GODPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 44.7
2) Mostly agree 35.9
3) Mostly disagree 11.5
4) Completely disagree 4.3
9) Don't know/Refused 3.6
Missing20260 
TOTAL12310100.0
74) I never doubt the existence of God. (Q16D) (NODOUBT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 64.8
2) Mostly agree 22.4
3) Mostly disagree 6.9
4) Completely disagree 4
9) Don't know/Refused 1.9
Missing9799 
TOTAL22771100.0
75) School boards ought to have the right to fire teachers who are known homosexuals. (Q16E) (FIREHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.3
2) Mostly agree 17.4
3) Mostly disagree 26.9
4) Completely disagree 25.8
9) Don't know/Refused 5.6
Missing4776 
TOTAL27794100.0
76) Books that contain dangerous ideas should be banned from public school libraries. (Q16F) (BANBOOKS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 28.9
2) Mostly agree 21.3
3) Mostly disagree 22.4
4) Completely disagree 23.3
9) Don't know/Refused 4.1
Missing3763 
TOTAL28807100.0
77) Nude magazines and X-rated movies provide harmless entertainment for those who enjoy it. (Q16G) (XRATED1)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 13.7
2) Mostly agree 30.2
3) Mostly disagree 25.8
4) Completely disagree 25.9
9) Don't know/Refused 4.4
Missing14372 
TOTAL18198100.0
78) Freedom of speech should not extend to groups like Neo-Nazis or other extremists. (Q16H) (LIMITSPC)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.8
2) Mostly agree 20.7
3) Mostly disagree 31
4) Completely disagree 23.2
9) Don't know/Refused 5.3
Missing10590 
TOTAL21980100.0
79) The police should be allowed to search the houses of known drug dealers without a court order. (Q16I) (SEARCHHM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 25.9
2) Mostly agree 20.6
3) Mostly disagree 25
4) Completely disagree 26.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2.4
Missing10590 
TOTAL21980100.0
80) Women should return to their traditional roles in society. (Q16J) (FEMTRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 9.6
2) Mostly agree 16.7
3) Mostly disagree 29.2
4) Completely disagree 41
9) Don't know/Refused 3.5
Missing8787 
TOTAL23783100.0
81) Too many children are being raised in daycare centers these days. (Q16K) (DAYCARE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 30.5
2) Mostly agree 40.6
3) Mostly disagree 18.2
4) Completely disagree 6.1
9) Don't know/Refused 4.6
Missing15399 
TOTAL17171100.0
82) The government ought to be able to censor news stories that it feels threaten national security. (Q87M) (CENSORNW)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22.7
2) Mostly agree 39.6
3) Mostly disagree 19.6
4) Completely disagree 13.5
9) Don't know/Refused 4.6
Missing22304 
TOTAL10266100.0
83) The news media should be free to report on any stories they feel are in the national interest. (Q87N) (FREEREPT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 27.3
2) Mostly agree 48.1
3) Mostly disagree 16.5
4) Completely disagree 4.6
9) Don't know/Refused 3.6
Missing22306 
TOTAL10264100.0
84) AIDS might be God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (Q16L) (AIDSGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 15.2
2) Mostly agree 21
3) Mostly disagree 20.5
4) Completely disagree 35.9
9) Don't know/Refused 7.4
Missing9353 
TOTAL23217100.0
85) I have old-fashioned values about family and marriage. (Q16M) (OLDFASHN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 47.3
2) Mostly agree 36
3) Mostly disagree 9.4
4) Completely disagree 5.4
9) Don't know/Refused 1.9
Missing8784 
TOTAL23786100.0
86) There are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. (Q16N) (GOODEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 39.7
2) Mostly agree 38.9
3) Mostly disagree 11.6
4) Completely disagree 6.5
9) Don't know/Refused 3.4
Missing7320 
TOTAL25250100.0
87) Labor unions are necessary to protect the working person. (Q16O) (LABORUNI)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.9
2) Mostly agree 43.7
3) Mostly disagree 19.3
4) Completely disagree 7.5
9) Don't know/Refused 4.6
Missing13870 
TOTAL18700100.0
88) Labor unions have too much power. (Q16P) (POWERLAB)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 20
2) Mostly agree 37.5
3) Mostly disagree 26.6
4) Completely disagree 8.7
9) Don't know/Refused 7.2
Missing18637 
TOTAL13933100.0
89) Today it's really true that the rich just get richer while the poor get poorer. (Q16Q) (MORERICH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 35.4
2) Mostly agree 38.9
3) Mostly disagree 18.2
4) Completely disagree 4.7
9) Don't know/Refused 2.6
Missing5269 
TOTAL27301100.0
90) I can usually tell whether I'll have a lot in common with someone by knowing how much he or she has. (Q16R) (INCOMMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 6.6
2) Mostly agree 23.3
3) Mostly disagree 44.8
4) Completely disagree 22.1
9) Don't know/Refused 3.2
Missing16094 
TOTAL16476100.0
91) I don't have much in common with people of other races. (Q16S) (NOCOMMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 4.1
2) Mostly agree 14.6
3) Mostly disagree 47.3
4) Completely disagree 30.7
9) Don't know/Refused 3.3
Missing12600 
TOTAL19970100.0
92) I often don't have enough money to make ends meet. (Q16T) (NOMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 19.5
2) Mostly agree 25.7
3) Mostly disagree 38.1
4) Completely disagree 15.3
9) Don't know/Refused 1.4
Missing3769 
TOTAL28801100.0
93) Money is one of my most important concerns. (Q16U) (WORRYMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 16.3
2) Mostly agree 32.4
3) Mostly disagree 35.3
4) Completely disagree 14.9
9) Don't know/Refused 1.1
Missing15081 
TOTAL17489100.0
94) I'm pretty well satisfied by the way things are going for me financially. (Q16V) (HAPPYMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 14.2
2) Mostly agree 47
3) Mostly disagree 24.8
4) Completely disagree 12.7
9) Don't know/Refused 1.3
Missing3767 
TOTAL28803100.0
95) I feel it's my duty as a citizen to always vote. (Q16W) (DUTYVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 60.3
2) Mostly agree 28.8
3) Mostly disagree 6.3
4) Completely disagree 2.8
9) Don't know/Refused 1.8
Missing3774 
TOTAL28796100.0
96) I'm interested in keeping up with national affairs. (Q16X) (USAFFAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 40.4
2) Mostly agree 45.8
3) Mostly disagree 9.5
4) Completely disagree 2.5
9) Don't know/Refused 1.7
Missing5273 
TOTAL27297100.0
97) I'm generally bored by what goes on in Washington. (Q16Y) (BOREDPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 13
2) Mostly agree 35.4
3) Mostly disagree 35.5
4) Completely disagree 13.8
9) Don't know/Refused 2.3
Missing7831 
TOTAL24739100.0
98) I'm pretty interested in following local politics. (Q16Z) (LOCALPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22.4
2) Mostly agree 50
3) Mostly disagree 21
4) Completely disagree 4.9
9) Don't know/Refused 1.7
Missing6288 
TOTAL26282100.0
99) Most issues discussed in Washington don't affect me personally. (Q16AA) (NOAFFECT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 6.6
2) Mostly agree 25.8
3) Mostly disagree 44.6
4) Completely disagree 20.4
9) Don't know/Refused 2.6
Missing5277 
TOTAL27293100.0
100) I feel guilty when I don't get a chance to vote. (Q16BB) (GUILTVOT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 34.3
2) Mostly agree 33.7
3) Mostly disagree 18.3
4) Completely disagree 9
9) Don't know/Refused 4.8
Missing5280 
TOTAL27290100.0
101) Sometimes I vote for a candidate without really knowing enough about him or her. (Q16CC) (DONTKNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 12.7
2) Mostly agree 39.9
3) Mostly disagree 26.1
4) Completely disagree 17.5
9) Don't know/Refused 3.8
Missing9300 
TOTAL23270100.0
102) I am concerned that business corporations are collecting too much information about people like me. (Q16DD) (CORPINFO)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 38.2
2) Mostly agree 38
3) Mostly disagree 16.5
4) Completely disagree 4.2
9) Don't know/Refused 3.2
Missing29086 
TOTAL3484100.0
103) I am worried that science is going too far and is hurting society rather than helping it. (Q16EE) (SCIHURT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 15.9
2) Mostly agree 22.9
3) Mostly disagree 36.2
4) Completely disagree 20.7
9) Don't know/Refused 4.3
Missing26278 
TOTAL6292100.0
104) Technology is making life too complicated for me. (Q16FF) (TECHCOMP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 10.1
2) Mostly agree 18.5
3) Mostly disagree 41.9
4) Completely disagree 27.8
9) Don't know/Refused 1.7
Missing26278 
TOTAL6292100.0
105) I favor protecting the rights of the unborn in almost all cases. (Q16GG) (PROTECT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 42.1
2) Mostly agree 30.2
3) Mostly disagree 15.9
4) Completely disagree 7.6
9) Don't know/Refused 4.2
Missing30068 
TOTAL2502100.0
106) I am more concerned about finding cures for diseases than about protecting embryos. (Q16HH) (FINDCURE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 23.9
2) Mostly agree 34.4
3) Mostly disagree 18.8
4) Completely disagree 11.7
9) Don't know/Refused 11.2
Missing30068 
TOTAL2502100.0
107) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male 47.9
2) Female 52.1
TOTAL32570100.0
108) What is your age? (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 18 2.6
19) 19 1.8
20) 20 1.6
21) 21 1.8
22) 22 1.8
23) 23 1.7
24) 24 1.9
25) 25 2.2
26) 26 1.8
27) 27 1.9
28) 28 2.2
29) 29 2.1
30) 30 2.2
31) 31 2.1
32) 32 2.3
33) 33 2.3
34) 34 2.4
35) 35 2.2
36) 36 2
37) 37 2.1
38) 38 2.1
39) 39 2
40) 40 2.3
41) 41 1.8
42) 42 2.2
43) 43 1.7
44) 44 1.7
45) 45 1.8
46) 46 1.5
47) 47 1.7
48) 48 1.5
49) 49 1.6
50) 50 1.8
51) 51 1.3
52) 52 1.6
53) 53 1.4
54) 54 1.3
55) 55 1.5
56) 56 1.3
57) 57 1.2
58) 58 1.2
59) 59 1.3
60) 60 1.3
61) 61 1.1
62) 62 1.4
63) 63 1.1
64) 64 1.1
65) 65 1.4
66) 66 1.1
67) 67 1.1
68) 68 1.1
69) 69 1.1
70) 70 1.1
71) 71 .9
72) 72 .9
73) 73 .8
74) 74 .8
75) 75 .8
76) 76 .7
77) 77 .7
78) 78 .6
79) 79 .5
80) 80 .5
81) 81 .4
82) 82 .4
83) 83 .3
84) 84 .2
85) 85 .2
86) 86 .1
87) 87 .1
88) 88 .1
89) 89 .1
90) 90 .1
91) 91 0
92) 92 0
93) 93 0
94) 94 0
95) 95 0
96) 96 0
97) 97 or older 0
99) Don't know/Refused .8
Missing21 
TOTAL32549100.0
109) Age Recode (AGE2)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29 23.3
2) 30-49 39.7
3) 50-64 20
4) 65+ 16.3
9) Don't know/Refused .8
Missing21 
TOTAL32549100.0
110) Respondent's year of birth (YOB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL322581950.6918.72
111) Respondent's generational cohort (COHORT)
TOTAL%
1) Dead & Greatest <1928 12.9
2) Silent 1928-1945 22.3
3) Boomer 1946-1964 42.4
4) GenX 1965-1976 15.7
5) GenY 1977+ 6.6
Missing1893 
TOTAL30677100.0
112) Cohorts with Boomers in two groups (COHORT2)
TOTAL%
1) Silent and Older <1946 36.7
2) Older Boomer 1946-1955 20.2
3) Younger Boomer 1956-1964 21.3
4) GenX 1965-1976 15.3
5) GenY 1977+ 6.5
Missing1169 
TOTAL31401100.0
113) What is your race? Are you white, black, Asian, or some other? (RACE94)
TOTAL%
1) White 78.9
2) Black 11.8
3) Asian 1.5
4) Other 6
9) Don't know 1.7
Missing19361 
TOTAL13209100.0
114) What is your race? Are you white, black, or some other? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White 82.9
2) Black 11.4
3) Other 4.9
9) Don't know/Refused .8
TOTAL32568100.0
115) Are you, yourself, of Hispanic origin or descent, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other Spanish background? (HISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 7.6
2) No 91.4
9) Don't know/Refused 1
Missing15 
TOTAL32555100.0
116) Race and ethnicity combined (RACETHN)
TOTAL%
1) White non-Hispanic 78.2
2) Black non-Hispanic 10.9
3) Hispanic 7.6
4) Other non-Hispanic 2.8
9) Don't know/Refused .5
TOTAL32568100.0
117) What is your religious preference -- Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Mormon, or an Orthodox church such as the Greek or Russian Orthodox Church? (See Note 1: RELIG Details on the ARDA Summary Page for full question wording) (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant 57.2
2) Roman Catholic 25.2
3) Jewish 2
4) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) 1.5
5) Orthodox Church (Greek or Russian) .6
6) Islam/Muslim .2
7) Other religion 2.9
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic 9.3
9) Don't know/Refused 1.1
Missing3 
TOTAL32567100.0
118) IF RELIG=1-2, 4, or 7: Would you describe yourself as a "born again" or evangelical Christan, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would 34.3
2) No, would not 60.9
9) Don't know/Refused 4.9
Missing3931 
TOTAL28639100.0
119) Religious service attendance (CHURCH87 and CHURCH97 merged and standardized) (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Never/Less than once a month 46.2
1) Once a month or more 53.8
Missing12096 
TOTAL20474100.0
120) Religious intensity [based on aggregated level of agreement with TOPRAY, TOJUDGE, and NODOUBT statements] (RELIG3) (INTENSE)
TOTAL%
1) Disagree with all 6.2
2) Mixed/Don't know 24.9
3) Agree with all 69
Missing12858 
TOTAL19712100.0
121) Religion recoded (RELIGN)
TOTAL%
1) White non-Hispanic Evangelical Protestant 19.4
2) White non-Hispanic Mainline Protestant 22.7
3) Black non-Hispanic Protestant 8.8
4) Other Protestant 6.3
5) White non-Hispanic Catholic 19.3
6) Other Catholic 6
7) Other Christian 2.2
8) Jewish 2
9) Other religion 3.1
10) Unaffiliated 9.3
99) Don't know/Refused 1.1
Missing3 
TOTAL32567100.0
122) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services... more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (CHURCH97)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 13.7
2) Once a week 25.2
3) Once or twice a month 15.2
4) A few times a year 18.6
5) Seldom 17
6) Never 9.3
9) Don't know/Refused 1.1
Missing20370 
TOTAL12200100.0
123) Do you go to church, synagogue or some other place of worship... (CHURCH87)
TOTAL%
1) Every week 26
2) Almost every week 13.3
3) Once or twice a month 14.1
4) A few times a year 29.4
5) Never 16
9) Don't know/Refused 1.2
Missing24296 
TOTAL8274100.0
124) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-8 5.8
2) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11) 12.7
3) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate) 32.9
4) Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school 5.1
5) Some college, no 4-year degree 21.2
6) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) or higher 21.9
99) Don't know/Refused .3
Missing5 
TOTAL32565100.0
125) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC94)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-8 3.9
2) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11) 10
3) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate) 32.4
4) Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school 3.9
5) Some college, no 4-year degree 23.9
6) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) 15.1
7) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a Master's degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school) 10.3
99) Don't know/Refused .4
Missing19361 
TOTAL13209100.0
126) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC87)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-4 .9
2) Grade 5, 6 or 7 2.4
3) Grade 8 3.9
4) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11) 14.6
5) High school graduate, Grade 12 33.3
6) Technical, trade, or business after high school 6
7) College/university incomplete 19.4
8) College/university graduate 16.9
9) Some post-graduate training for an advanced degree, for example, a Master's degree, Ph.D., law or medical degree 2.6
99) Don't know/No answer/Refused .1
Missing13214 
TOTAL19356100.0
127) These days, many people are so busy they can't find time to register to vote, or move around so often they don't get a chance to re-register... Are you NOW registered to vote in your precinct or election district, or haven't you been able to register so far? (REGIST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, registered 77.9
2) No, not registered 21.1
9) Don't know/Refused .9
Missing2049 
TOTAL30521100.0
128) Are you absolutely certain you are registered to vote, or is there a chance your registration has lapsed because you moved or for some other reason? (REGICERT)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely certain 94.8
2) Chance registration has lapsed 4.5
9) Don't know/Refused .7
Missing19066 
TOTAL13504100.0
129) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or Independent? (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 27
2) Democrat 33.7
3) Independent 33.5
4) No preference 3.3
5) Other .6
9) Don't know/Refused 1.9
Missing4 
TOTAL32566100.0
130) If PARTY=3-5 or 9: As of today do you lean more to the Republican Party or more to the Democratic Party? (PARTYLN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 32.9
2) Democrat 36
9) Other/Don't know/Refused 31.1
Missing20109 
TOTAL12461100.0
131) Party with leaned identification [Variable combines PARTY with PARTYLN] (PARTYSUM) (PARTYSUM)
TOTAL%
1) Republican/Lean Republican 39.9
2) Democrat/Lean Democrat 47.8
9) No leaning 12.3
Missing4 
TOTAL32566100.0
132) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or Independent? [Variable combines PARTYID with PARTYLN] (PARTY5)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 27
2) Lean Republican 12.9
3) Independent 12.2
4) Lean Democrat 14.1
5) Democrat 33.7
Missing40 
TOTAL32530100.0
133) In the last presidential election, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? [If respondent voted:] Did you vote for the Democratic candidate, the Republican candidate, or another candidate? (PRESVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Democrat 29.6
2) Yes, Republican 36.4
3) Yes, other 3.6
4) Yes, don't remember which candidate/Refused 1.9
6) No, didn't vote/Too young 21.8
7) Don't remember if voted .8
9) Refused 1.2
99) Didn't vote/other/don't remember (1987 only) 4.7
Missing4303 
TOTAL28267100.0
134) How often would you say you vote? (OFTVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Always 40.5
2) Nearly always 31.8
3) Part of the time 11.8
4) Seldom 9.5
5) Never vote 5.1
6) Other response .8
9) Don't know/Refused .5
Missing1924 
TOTAL30646100.0
135) If YES to REGIST: How often would you say you vote? (1993 only) (OFTVOTER)
TOTAL%
1) Always 57
2) Nearly always 31.1
3) Part of the time 6.9
4) Seldom 3.7
5) Never vote .6
6) Other response .5
9) Don't know/Refused .2
Missing31315 
TOTAL1255100.0
136) Some people seem to follow what's going on in government and public affairs most of the time, whether there's an election or not. Others aren't that interested. Would you say you follow what's going on in government and public affairs... (FOLGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Most of the time 44.4
2) Some of the time 33.4
3) Only now and then 14.7
4) Hardly at all 6.5
9) Don't know/Refused .9
Missing10063 
TOTAL22507100.0
137) In general, would you describe your political views as... (IDEO94)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative 6
2) Conservative 30.7
3) Moderate 38
4) Liberal 13.8
5) Very liberal 5.4
9) Don't know/Refused 6.1
Missing22520 
TOTAL10050100.0
138) When it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, or in between? (In 1993, "or in between" was changed to "or what") (IDEO87)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative 37.2
2) In between/Something else 36.8
3) Liberal 21.6
9) Other/Don't know 4.3
Missing16769 
TOTAL15801100.0
139) Are you now employed full-time, part-time, or not employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time 50.3
2) Part-time 12.5
3) Not employed 36.6
9) Don't know/Refused .6
Missing9201 
TOTAL23369100.0
140) Do you own or rent your home? (OWNRENT)
TOTAL%
1) Own 67
2) Rent 27.9
3) Other arrangement 4.5
9) Don't know/Refused .6
Missing14329 
TOTAL18241100.0
141) Are you married, divorced, separated, widowed, or never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married 56.2
2) Divorced 9.8
3) Separated 2.3
4) Widowed 8.7
5) Never been married 22
6) Living with a partner (Category added in 2009) .6
9) Don't know/Refused .4
TOTAL32570100.0
142) Are you the parent or guardian of any children under 18 now living in your household? (PARENT94)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 36.1
2) No 63.4
9) Don't know/Refused .5
Missing19361 
TOTAL13209100.0
143) [Are there] children under 18 years of age now living in this household? (KIDS87)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, children 42.8
2) No children 56.3
9) Don't know/Refused .9
Missing17277 
TOTAL15293100.0
144) Combination of PARENT94 and KIDS87 (PARENTHH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, children under 18 years of age live in household 39.7
2) No children under 18 years of age live in household 59.6
9) Don't know/Refused .7
Missing4068 
TOTAL28502100.0
145) Census region code for household location (CREGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast 22.8
2) Midwest 24.4
3) South 32.4
4) West 20.5
TOTAL32570100.0
146) Which of the following best describes the place where you now live? (CITYSIZE)
TOTAL%
1) A large city 22.1
2) A suburb near a large city 22.1
3) A small city or town 34.9
4) A rural area 20
9) Don't know/Refused .8
Missing22874 
TOTAL9696100.0
147) Community type (USR)
TOTAL%
1) Urban 30
2) Suburban 48.1
3) Rural 21.9
Missing23383 
TOTAL9187100.0
148) Income classification (See Note 2: INCOME Coding on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Low 17.9
2) Lower middle 27.9
3) Upper middle 23.7
4) Upper 20.8
99) Don't know/Refused 9.7
Missing31 
TOTAL32539100.0
149) Last year... what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? [Asked in 1994, 1997, 1999, 2002 and 2003] (INCOME94)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000 7
2) $10,000 to under $20,000 11.6
3) $20,000 to under $30,000 14.8
4) $30,000 to under $40,000 14
5) $40,000 to under $50,000 11
6) $50,000 to under $75,000 14.2
7) $75,000 to under $100,000 7.3
8) $100,000 or more 7.8
99) Don't know/Refused 12.4
Missing24381 
TOTAL8189100.0
150) Total annual household income [Asked in 1991, 1992 and 1993] (See Note 3: INCOME91 Details for full question wording) (INCOME91)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000 8.8
2) $10,000-$14,999 9.8
3) $15,000-$19,999 13.7
4) $20,000-$29,999 18.2
5) $30,000-$49,999 22.9
6) $50,000 and over 18.1
99) Don't know/Refused 8.6
Missing25526 
TOTAL7044100.0
151) Annual household income [Asked in 1989] (INCOME89)
TOTAL%
1) Under $15,000 20.3
2) $15,000-$19,999 13.1
3) $20,000-$24,999 12.2
4) $25,000-$29,999 11.5
5) $30,000-$34,999 10
6) $35,000-$39,999 7.6
7) $40,000-$49,999 9.4
8) $50,000-$74,999 10.3
9) $75,000-$99,999 3
10) $100,000 or more 1.8
99) Don't know/Refused .9
Missing30522 
TOTAL2048100.0
152) Annual household income [Asked in 1987, 1988 and 1990] (INCOME87)
TOTAL%
1) Under $2,000 1.2
2) $2,000-$2,999 1
3) $3,000-$3,999 1.5
4) $4,000-$4,999 1.9
5) $5,000-$5,999 2.3
6) $6,000-$6,999 2.9
7) $7,000-$9,999 5.1
8) $10,000-$11,999 5.9
9) $12,000-$14,999 7.9
10) $15,000-$19,999 11
11) $20,000-$24,999 7.9
12) $25,000-$29,999 8.1
13) $30,000-$34,999 7.7
14) $35,000-$39,999 6.4
15) $40,000-$49,999 9.2
16) $50,000-$99,999 10.5
17) $100,000 or more 1.7
99) Don't know/Refused 7.8
Missing22332 
TOTAL10238100.0
153) Thinking about the past year, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? (INCOME07)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,000 7.7
2) $10,000 to under $20,000 11.3
3) $20,000 to under $30,000 11.7
4) $30,000 to under $40,000 10
5) $40,000 to under $50,000 7.7
6) $50,000 to under $75,000 14
7) $75,000 to under $100,000 9.8
8) $100,000 to under $150,000 8.1
9) $150,000 or more 5.4
99) Don't know/Refused 14.3
Missing27550 
TOTAL5020100.0
154) 2004 presidential election popular vote results in respondent's state (STATEV4)
TOTAL%
1) Kerry's margin over Bush was greater than 5% 33.1
2) Bush's margin over Bush was greater than 5% 39.9
3) Difference between Bush and Kerry was less than 5% 27
Missing4013 
TOTAL28557100.0
155) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with this statement: I am concerned that the government is collecting too much information about people like me. (Q16GOV) (PRIVACY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 27.2
2) Mostly agree 30.3
3) Mostly disagree 28.1
4) Completely disagree 10.3
9) Don't know/Refused 4.1
Missing28035 
TOTAL4535100.0
156) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with this statement: Nude picture and X-rated videos on the internet provide harmless entertainment for those who enjoy it. (Q16GINT) (XRATED2)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 8.2
2) Mostly agree 19
3) Mostly disagree 27.5
4) Completely disagree 41.8
9) Don't know 3.5
Missing31595 
TOTAL975100.0
157) How respondent's income was estimated (INCOMEST)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent's answer 88.8
2) Interviewer's estimate 11.2
Missing23774 
TOTAL8796100.0
158) Are you (or is your spouse) a member of a labor union? (LABOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent 9.8
2) Yes, spouse is 5.3
3) Yes, both are 1.7
4) No, neither are 81.6
9) Don't know/Refused 1.5
Missing2020 
TOTAL30550100.0
159) Do you ever go online to access the Internet or World Wide Web or to send and receive email? (INTERNET)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 74.6
2) No 25.3
9) Don't know/Refused .1
Missing24706 
TOTAL7864100.0
160) Do you go online to use the Internet, at least occasionally? Do you send or receive email, at least occasionally? (INTERN09)
TOTAL%
0) No to both of the above questions 21.4
1) Yes to either of the above questions 78.6
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
161) Interview date (DATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1005068738.1628865.77
162) Respondent's area code (AREACODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL6827506.63225.93
163) 5-digit FIPS code for area (See Note 4: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (FIPS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1455228664.7715831.84
164) Metropolitan Statistical Area code (See Note 5: MSA Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (MSA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL894916375.5114945.72
165) State from FIPS codes (Two-digit numerical code is the FIPS state code; see Note 4: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for more detail) (STATE2)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama 1.7
2) Alaska .1
4) Arizona 1.2
5) Arkansas 1.1
6) California 10.1
8) Colorado 1.7
9) Connecticut 1.2
10) Delaware .2
11) Washington, D.C. .3
12) Florida 4.5
13) Georgia 2.7
15) Hawaii .2
16) Idaho .6
17) Illinois 4
18) Indiana 2.3
19) Iowa 1.3
20) Kansas .9
21) Kentucky 1.8
22) Louisiana 1.8
23) Maine .7
24) Maryland 1.9
25) Massachusetts 2.1
26) Michigan 3.9
27) Minnesota 1.8
28) Mississippi 1.1
29) Missouri 2.2
30) Montana .5
31) Nebraska .8
32) Nevada .5
33) New Hampshire .5
34) New Jersey 2.7
35) New Mexico .9
36) New York 6.5
37) North Carolina 3.1
38) North Dakota .2
39) Ohio 4.6
40) Oklahoma 1.3
41) Oregon 1.3
42) Pennsylvania 5.7
44) Rhode Island .5
45) South Carolina 1.5
46) South Dakota .3
47) Tennessee 2.3
48) Texas 6.1
49) Utah 1
50) Vermont .3
51) Virginia 2.5
53) Washington 2.2
54) West Virginia 1
55) Wisconsin 2
56) Wyoming .1
Missing4013 
TOTAL28557100.0
166) Three-digit FIPS county code (See Note 4: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL351786.75102.04
167) Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), 1992 only (See Note 5: MSA Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (METRO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL35173362.162991.42
168) Interview date, 1992 only (DATE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3517565.1537.30
169) Sample weight (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3257010.547
170) Looking ahead, would you like to see George W. Bush re-elected President in 2004, or would you prefer that a Democratic candidate win the election? (REELECT)
TOTAL%
1) Bush re-elected 39.5
2) Prefer Democrat 39.4
3) Other 8.1
9) Don't know/Refused 13.1
Missing30042 
TOTAL2528100.0
171) What is your age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29 23.5
2) 30-44 31.8
3) 45-59 22.1
4) 60-74 16.5
5) 75+ 6.1
Missing312 
TOTAL32258100.0
172) What is your race? Are you white, black, or some other? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White 83.5
2) Black 11.5
3) Other 4.9
Missing274 
TOTAL32296100.0
173) Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male 47.9
2) Female 52.1
TOTAL32570100.0
174) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than a high school diploma 18.6
2) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate) 33
3) Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school 5.1
4) Some college, no four-year degree 21.3
5) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other four-year degree) or higher 22
Missing106 
TOTAL32464100.0
175) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or Independent? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican 27.5
2) Democrat 34.3
3) Independent 34.2
4) No preference 3.3
5) Other .6
Missing576 
TOTAL31994100.0
176) Census region code for household location (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast 22.8
2) Midwest 24.4
3) South 32.4
4) West 20.5
TOTAL32570100.0