Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 169) WEIGHT
1) Survey year (YEAR)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL325701995.167.48
2) Respondent's unique ID (RESPID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL32570164883.78475447.27
3) Forms used in 1987-1994 surveys (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1676639
2) Form 2676238.9
3) Form 3276615.9
4) Form 410726.2
Missing15204 
TOTAL17366100.0
4) Two-way form split for 2003 (FORM2)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1126450
2) Form 2126450
Missing30042 
TOTAL2528100.0
5) Two-way form split for 2007 (FORM07)
TOTAL%
1) Form 198248.9
2) Form 2102651.1
Missing30563 
TOTAL2008100.0
6) Four-way form split for 2007 (FORM074)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1A51325.6
2) Form 1B46823.3
3) Form 2A52025.9
4) Form 2B50625.2
Missing30563 
TOTAL2007100.0
7) Survey split for 2009 (SURVEY09)
TOTAL%
1) Values A, administered 3/31-4/6140246.5
2) Values B, administered 4/14-4/20161153.5
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
8) Two-way form split for 2009 (FORM09)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1148249.2
2) Form 2153150.8
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
9) Total four-way form split for 2009 (FORM094)
TOTAL%
1) Form 1A73624.4
2) Form 1B74624.8
3) Form 2A79026.2
4) Form 2B74124.6
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
10) Now I am going to read you a series of statements that will help us understand how you feel about a number of things. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: People like me don't have any say about what the government does. (Q2A) (FEELGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree538216.5
2) Mostly agree1141335
3) Mostly disagree1053832.4
4) Completely disagree471514.5
9) Don't know/Refused5181.6
Missing4 
TOTAL32566100.0
11) Generally speaking, elected officials in Washington lose touch with the people quickly. (Q2B) (FEELOFWA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree987930.3
2) Mostly agree1554147.7
3) Mostly disagree533516.4
4) Completely disagree10343.2
9) Don't know/Refused7762.4
Missing5 
TOTAL32565100.0
12) Most elected officials care what people like me think. (Q2C) (FEELOFF)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree18065.5
2) Mostly agree1156135.5
3) Mostly disagree1308140.2
4) Completely disagree524716.1
9) Don't know/Refused8672.7
Missing8 
TOTAL32562100.0
13) Voting gives people like me some say about how government runs things. (Q2D) (FEELVOT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree688525
2) Mostly agree1312947.7
3) Mostly disagree487017.7
4) Completely disagree19427.1
9) Don't know/Refused7122.6
Missing5032 
TOTAL27538100.0
14) Success in life is pretty much determined by forces outside our control. (Q2E) (FEELSUC)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree297710.4
2) Mostly agree725125.5
3) Mostly disagree1090838.3
4) Completely disagree642822.6
9) Don't know/Refused9253.2
Missing4081 
TOTAL28489100.0
15) Hard work offers little guarantee of success. (Q2F) (FEELWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree360511.6
2) Mostly agree683022
3) Mostly disagree1172837.8
4) Completely disagree829726.7
9) Don't know/Refused5981.9
Missing1513 
TOTAL31058100.0
16) I admire people who get rich by working hard. (Q2G) (FEELRICH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree600550.4
2) Mostly agree459138.5
3) Mostly disagree7866.6
4) Completely disagree3783.2
9) Don't know/Refused1651.4
Missing20646 
TOTAL11925100.0
17) The federal government should be able to overrule individual states on important matters. (Q87G) (FEELFED)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree10139.9
2) Mostly agree351534.3
3) Mostly disagree326131.8
4) Completely disagree159915.6
9) Don't know/Refused8718.5
Missing22311 
TOTAL10259100.0
18) The strength of this country today is mostly based on the success of American business. (Q2H) (FEELSTTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree612222.5
2) Mostly agree1466653.9
3) Mostly disagree415215.2
4) Completely disagree11674.3
9) Don't know/Refused11254.1
Missing5338 
TOTAL27232100.0
19) Government regulation of business usually does more harm than good. (Q2I) (FEELBUS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree395017.1
2) Mostly agree907739.2
3) Mostly disagree703730.4
4) Completely disagree12715.5
9) Don't know/Refused18317.9
Missing9403 
TOTAL23166100.0
20) Federal government should run ONLY the things that cannot be run at the local level. (Q2J) (FEDLOC)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree543827.7
2) Mostly agree914446.5
3) Mostly disagree321716.4
4) Completely disagree8624.4
9) Don't know/Refused9905
Missing12920 
TOTAL19651100.0
21) When something is run by the government, it is usually inefficient and wasteful. (Q2K) (FEELGVWS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree698424.3
2) Mostly agree1139039.6
3) Mostly disagree777527.1
4) Completely disagree15255.3
9) Don't know/Refused10683.7
Missing3828 
TOTAL28742100.0
22) The federal government controls too much of our daily lives. (Q2L) (FEELGTCT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree723225.2
2) Mostly agree1007735.1
3) Mostly disagree890231
4) Completely disagree17065.9
9) Don't know/Refused8252.9
Missing3829 
TOTAL28742100.0
23) The government is really run for the benefit of all the people. (Q2M) (FEELGTPL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree324410.4
2) Mostly agree1253240.4
3) Mostly disagree1041133.5
4) Completely disagree404113
9) Don't know/Refused8262.7
Missing1515 
TOTAL31054100.0
24) Business corporations generally strike a fair balance between making profits and serving the public interest. (Q2N) (FEELBS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree15685.7
2) Mostly agree968035.4
3) Mostly disagree1063338.9
4) Completely disagree394914.5
9) Don't know/Refused14965.5
Missing5243 
TOTAL27326100.0
25) There is too much power concentrated in the hands of a few big companies. (Q2O) (FEELPWBS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree927132.2
2) Mostly agree1296245
3) Mostly disagree474316.5
4) Completely disagree8673
9) Don't know/Refused9883.4
Missing3740 
TOTAL28831100.0
26) Business corporations make too much profit. (Q2P) (FEELBSPR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree689423.9
2) Mostly agree1124539
3) Mostly disagree736725.6
4) Completely disagree16645.8
9) Don't know/Refused16585.8
Missing3742 
TOTAL28828100.0
27) It is time for Washington politicians to step aside and make room for new leaders. (Q2Q) (FEELPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree630225.4
2) Mostly agree1042242.1
3) Mostly disagree558422.5
4) Completely disagree8873.6
9) Don't know/Refused15746.4
Missing7801 
TOTAL24769100.0
28) Dealing with a federal government agency is often not worth the trouble. (Q2R) (FEELGTAG)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree397719.2
2) Mostly agree869241.9
3) Mostly disagree573527.6
4) Completely disagree9354.5
9) Don't know/Refused14206.8
Missing11811 
TOTAL20759100.0
29) Many people today think that they can get ahead without working hard and making sacrifices. (Q2S) (FEELGETA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree223423.6
2) Mostly agree366838.7
3) Mostly disagree215822.8
4) Completely disagree123213
9) Don't know/Refused1781.9
Missing23099 
TOTAL9470100.0
30) As Americans we can always find a way to solve our problems and get what we want. (Q2T) (FEELSLPR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree454915.8
2) Mostly agree1490651.7
3) Mostly disagree658322.8
4) Completely disagree19076.6
9) Don't know/Refused8913.1
Missing3733 
TOTAL28836100.0
31) I don't believe that there are any real limits to growth in this country today. (Q2U) (FEELGRLT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree550619.1
2) Mostly agree1238542.9
3) Mostly disagree765726.6
4) Completely disagree20397.1
9) Don't know/Refused12514.3
Missing3732 
TOTAL28838100.0
32) We need new people in Washington even if they are not as effective as experienced politicians. (Q2V) (FEELNWWA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree301214.5
2) Mostly agree712934.4
3) Mostly disagree716434.6
4) Completely disagree229411.1
9) Don't know/Refused11075.3
Missing11864 
TOTAL20706100.0
33) Occasional acts of terrorism in the U.S. will be part of life in the future. (Q2HH) (FEELTERR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree132122
2) Mostly agree289048
3) Mostly disagree101916.9
4) Completely disagree4878.1
9) Don't know/Refused3005
Missing26553 
TOTAL6017100.0
34) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: There needs to be stricter laws and regulation to protect the environment. (Q10A) (DTLAWENV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree584745.3
2) Mostly agree513939.8
3) Mostly disagree137510.7
4) Completely disagree4303.3
9) Don't know/Refused115.9
Missing19664 
TOTAL12906100.0
35) People should be willing to pay higher prices in order to protect the environment. (Q10B) (DTPRCENV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree270718.8
2) Mostly agree593541.2
3) Mostly disagree377626.2
4) Completely disagree171211.9
9) Don't know/Refused2822
Missing18157 
TOTAL14412100.0
36) Our society should do what is necessary to make sure that everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed. (Q10C) (DTEQLOPP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1546949.8
2) Mostly agree1271640.9
3) Mostly disagree18115.8
4) Completely disagree5801.9
9) Don't know/Refused4771.5
Missing1516 
TOTAL31053100.0
37) We have gone too far in pushing equal rights in this country. (Q10D) (DTTFEQUR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree459916
2) Mostly agree776627
3) Mostly disagree917531.9
4) Completely disagree622921.7
9) Don't know/Refused9733.4
Missing3829 
TOTAL28742100.0
38) It is the responsibility of the government to take care of people who can't take care of themselves. (Q10E) (DTRESPGV)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree578823.5
2) Mostly agree1072643.5
3) Mostly disagree528721.4
4) Completely disagree20018.1
9) Don't know/Refused8733.5
Missing7895 
TOTAL24675100.0
39) The government should help more needy people even if it means going deeper in debt. (Q10F) (DTHELPND)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree417815.7
2) Mostly agree926934.7
3) Mostly disagree869632.6
4) Completely disagree323012.1
9) Don't know/Refused13235
Missing5874 
TOTAL26696100.0
40) The government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (Q10G) (DTEATSL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree795529.2
2) Mostly agree958235.2
3) Mostly disagree628523.1
4) Completely disagree26009.5
9) Don't know/Refused8133
Missing5335 
TOTAL27235100.0
41) I like political leaders who are willing to make compromises in order to get the job done. (Q10H) (DTPOLCMP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree469425.2
2) Mostly agree920349.4
3) Mostly disagree275814.8
4) Completely disagree9485.1
9) Don't know/Refused10355.6
Missing13932 
TOTAL18638100.0
42) I don't pay attention to whether a candidate calls himself a liberal or a conservative. (Q87BB) (DTPPAYCA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree345521.9
2) Mostly agree642940.7
3) Mostly disagree355522.5
4) Completely disagree15469.8
9) Don't know/Refused8035.1
Missing16782 
TOTAL15788100.0
43) I am very patriotic. (Q10I) (DTPATRT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1377650.6
2) Mostly agree1069239.3
3) Mostly disagree16496.1
4) Completely disagree5291.9
9) Don't know/Refused5902.2
Missing5334 
TOTAL27236100.0
44) In the past few years there hasn't been much real improvement in the position of black people in this country. (Q10J) (DTPSBLCK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree404312.4
2) Mostly agree906727.8
3) Mostly disagree1254838.5
4) Completely disagree506615.6
9) Don't know/Refused18385.6
Missing8 
TOTAL32562100.0
45) I think it's all right for blacks and whites to date each other. (Q10K) (DTOLBLWT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree827730.4
2) Mostly agree845231
3) Mostly disagree407615
4) Completely disagree509818.7
9) Don't know/Refused13344.9
Missing5333 
TOTAL27237100.0
46) We should make every possible effort to improve the position of blacks and other minorities, even if it means giving them preferential treatment. (Q10L) (DTPRFBL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree24718.6
2) Mostly agree568119.8
3) Mostly disagree1063337
4) Completely disagree894431.1
9) Don't know/Refused10143.5
Missing3826 
TOTAL28743100.0
47) Discrimination against blacks is rare today. (Q10M) (DTDISCRM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree18977
2) Mostly agree611322.7
3) Mostly disagree1151542.7
4) Completely disagree627523.3
9) Don't know/Refused11884.4
Missing5581 
TOTAL26988100.0
48) We should restrict and control people coming into our country to live more than we do now. (Q10N) (DTCONTRL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree561943.5
2) Mostly agree422232.7
3) Mostly disagree191914.9
4) Completely disagree7475.8
9) Don't know/Refused4003.1
Missing19664 
TOTAL12907100.0
49) It is my belief that we should get even with any country that tries to take advantage of the United States. (Q10O) (DTGTEVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree494318.2
2) Mostly agree825730.3
3) Mostly disagree867931.9
4) Completely disagree362413.3
9) Don't know/Refused17316.4
Missing5335 
TOTAL27234100.0
50) The best way to ensure peace is through military strength. (Q10P) (DTMILT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree577420.1
2) Mostly agree1012435.2
3) Mostly disagree814828.4
4) Completely disagree360812.6
9) Don't know/Refused10863.8
Missing3830 
TOTAL28740100.0
51) American lives are worth more than the lives of people in other countries. (Q10Q) (DTUSWTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree18538.7
2) Mostly agree304514.4
3) Mostly disagree702533.1
4) Completely disagree854040.2
9) Don't know/Refused7563.6
Missing11351 
TOTAL21219100.0
52) We all should be willing to fight for our country, whether it is right or wrong. (Q10R) (DTFIGHT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree609222
2) Mostly agree901232.5
3) Mostly disagree701425.3
4) Completely disagree429715.5
9) Don't know/Refused13224.8
Missing4832 
TOTAL27737100.0
53) I often worry about the chances of nuclear war. (Q10S) (DTNUCWR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree422224
2) Mostly agree567432.3
3) Mostly disagree487027.7
4) Completely disagree244013.9
9) Don't know/Refused3532
Missing15011 
TOTAL17559100.0
54) Most of the countries that have gotten help from America end up resenting us. (Q10T) (DTRESENT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree630527.2
2) Mostly agree1021144.1
3) Mostly disagree450219.4
4) Completely disagree6903
9) Don't know/Refused14616.3
Missing9401 
TOTAL23169100.0
55) It's best for the future of our country to be active in world affairs. (Q10U) (DTACTWA)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1223244.1
2) Mostly agree1261245.5
3) Mostly disagree16335.9
4) Completely disagree4751.7
9) Don't know/Refused7742.8
Missing4844 
TOTAL27726100.0
56) Poor people have become too dependent on government assistance programs. (Q10V) (DTDEPND)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree553133.1
2) Mostly agree712342.6
3) Mostly disagree262015.7
4) Completely disagree8094.8
9) Don't know/Refused6193.7
Missing15868 
TOTAL16702100.0
57) Japan has taken unfair advantage of the United States. (Q10W) (DTJAPAN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree192528.8
2) Mostly agree235035.2
3) Mostly disagree148422.2
4) Completely disagree3725.6
9) Don't know/Refused5458.2
Missing25894 
TOTAL6676100.0
58) We should pay less attention to problems overseas and concentrate on problems here at home. (Q10X) (DTHOMEPR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree581140.3
2) Mostly agree579640.2
3) Mostly disagree206514.3
4) Completely disagree4473.1
9) Don't know/Refused2952
Missing18157 
TOTAL14414100.0
59) We should put more emphasis on fuel conservation than on developing new oil supplies. (Q10Y) (DTFUELCS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree128627.1
2) Mostly agree195141.1
3) Mostly disagree88218.6
4) Completely disagree2996.3
9) Don't know/Refused3296.9
Missing27822 
TOTAL4747100.0
60) The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional American customs and values. (Q10Z) (DTTHREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree122319.6
2) Mostly agree185029.7
3) Mostly disagree190830.6
4) Completely disagree92414.8
9) Don't know/Refused3255.2
Missing26340 
TOTAL6230100.0
61) Women get fewer opportunities than men for good jobs. (Q10AA) (DTWOMEN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree102719.6
2) Mostly agree197837.7
3) Mostly disagree154629.5
4) Completely disagree52310
9) Don't know/Refused1733.3
Missing27322 
TOTAL5247100.0
62) Men and women are better at different things in the workplace. (Q10BB) (DTMENWOM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree136736.3
2) Mostly agree155241.2
3) Mostly disagree51213.6
4) Completely disagree2396.3
9) Don't know/Refused952.5
Missing28804 
TOTAL3765100.0
63) The criminal justice system should try to rehabilitate criminals, not just punish them. (Q10CC) (DTREHBCR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree99926.5
2) Mostly agree163043.3
3) Mostly disagree57815.3
4) Completely disagree38810.3
9) Don't know/Refused1714.5
Missing28804 
TOTAL3766100.0
64) The tax system is unfair to people like me. (Q10DD) (DTUNFRTX)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree107122.6
2) Mostly agree136028.6
3) Mostly disagree166135
4) Completely disagree4409.3
9) Don't know/Refused2164.5
Missing27822 
TOTAL4748100.0
65) I often worry about the chances of a nuclear attack by terrorists. (ASKED ON 2003 FORM 1 ONLY) (Q28S) (TONUCTER)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree9916.2
2) Mostly agree14924.3
3) Mostly disagree21835.6
4) Completely disagree13922.7
9) Don't know/Refused81.3
Missing31958 
TOTAL613100.0
66) There is an international communist conspiracy to rule the world. (Q87OO) (TOCONSP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree234519.1
2) Mostly agree400632.5
3) Mostly disagree305724.8
4) Completely disagree135811
9) Don't know/Refused154212.5
Missing20263 
TOTAL12308100.0
67) Communist and non-communist countries can learn to live together peacefully. (Q87PP) (TOPEACE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree303324.6
2) Mostly agree596348.5
3) Mostly disagree184815
4) Completely disagree7145.8
9) Don't know/Refused7476.1
Missing20265 
TOTAL12305100.0
68) Communist countries are all alike. (Q87QQ) (TOCMSAME)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree8948.7
2) Mostly agree260425.4
3) Mostly disagree411440.1
4) Completely disagree146714.3
9) Don't know/Refused118411.5
Missing22307 
TOTAL10263100.0
69) Communists are responsible for a lot of the unrest in the United States today. (Q87RR) (TOCMRESP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree205216.7
2) Mostly agree426734.7
3) Mostly disagree356128.9
4) Completely disagree135411
9) Don't know/Refused10788.8
Missing20259 
TOTAL12312100.0
70) I'm going read you some more statements on a different topic. Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with aech of these statements. The first one is: Prayer is an important part of my daily life. (Q16A) (TOPRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1038547.7
2) Mostly agree656530.2
3) Mostly disagree308114.2
4) Completely disagree15096.9
9) Don't know/Refused2261
Missing10804 
TOTAL21766100.0
71) We will all be called before God at the Judgment Day to answer for our sins. (Q16B) (TOJUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1530057
2) Mostly agree659724.6
3) Mostly disagree20897.8
4) Completely disagree17116.4
9) Don't know/Refused11234.2
Missing5750 
TOTAL26820100.0
72) Even today miracles are performed by the power of God. (Q16C) (MIRACLE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree996952.5
2) Mostly agree562929.6
3) Mostly disagree16218.5
4) Completely disagree9144.8
9) Don't know/Refused8564.5
Missing13581 
TOTAL18989100.0
73) I am sometimes very conscious of the presence of God. (Q87D) (GODPRES)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree550544.7
2) Mostly agree442635.9
3) Mostly disagree141111.5
4) Completely disagree5324.3
9) Don't know/Refused4383.6
Missing20257 
TOTAL12312100.0
74) I never doubt the existence of God. (Q16D) (NODOUBT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1479064.8
2) Mostly agree510422.4
3) Mostly disagree15746.9
4) Completely disagree9104
9) Don't know/Refused4351.9
Missing9757 
TOTAL22813100.0
75) School boards ought to have the right to fire teachers who are known homosexuals. (Q16E) (FIREHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree675424.3
2) Mostly agree484217.4
3) Mostly disagree748026.9
4) Completely disagree718825.8
9) Don't know/Refused15555.6
Missing4751 
TOTAL27819100.0
76) Books that contain dangerous ideas should be banned from public school libraries. (Q16F) (BANBOOKS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree832928.9
2) Mostly agree615321.3
3) Mostly disagree646722.4
4) Completely disagree671323.3
9) Don't know/Refused11794.1
Missing3730 
TOTAL28841100.0
77) Nude magazines and X-rated movies provide harmless entertainment for those who enjoy it. (Q16G) (XRATED1)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree250513.7
2) Mostly agree550330.2
3) Mostly disagree470225.8
4) Completely disagree471925.9
9) Don't know/Refused7944.4
Missing14348 
TOTAL18223100.0
78) Freedom of speech should not extend to groups like Neo-Nazis or other extremists. (Q16H) (LIMITSPC)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree434819.8
2) Mostly agree455020.7
3) Mostly disagree682031
4) Completely disagree510923.2
9) Don't know/Refused11655.3
Missing10578 
TOTAL21992100.0
79) The police should be allowed to search the houses of known drug dealers without a court order. (Q16I) (SEARCHHM)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree569425.9
2) Mostly agree452720.6
3) Mostly disagree549425
4) Completely disagree574226.1
9) Don't know/Refused5372.4
Missing10577 
TOTAL21994100.0
80) Women should return to their traditional roles in society. (Q16J) (FEMTRAD)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree22909.6
2) Mostly agree397716.7
3) Mostly disagree695929.2
4) Completely disagree976241
9) Don't know/Refused8283.5
Missing8754 
TOTAL23816100.0
81) Too many children are being raised in daycare centers these days. (Q16K) (DAYCARE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree524630.5
2) Mostly agree698440.6
3) Mostly disagree312218.2
4) Completely disagree10556.1
9) Don't know/Refused7854.6
Missing15378 
TOTAL17192100.0
82) The government ought to be able to censor news stories that it feels threaten national security. (Q87M) (CENSORNW)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree233322.7
2) Mostly agree406139.6
3) Mostly disagree201719.6
4) Completely disagree138413.5
9) Don't know/Refused4714.6
Missing22303 
TOTAL10266100.0
83) The news media should be free to report on any stories they feel are in the national interest. (Q87N) (FREEREPT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree279727.3
2) Mostly agree493848.1
3) Mostly disagree168916.5
4) Completely disagree4704.6
9) Don't know/Refused3703.6
Missing22305 
TOTAL10264100.0
84) AIDS might be God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (Q16L) (AIDSGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree354015.2
2) Mostly agree487521
3) Mostly disagree475320.5
4) Completely disagree834335.9
9) Don't know/Refused17297.4
Missing9331 
TOTAL23240100.0
85) I have old-fashioned values about family and marriage. (Q16M) (OLDFASHN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1125547.3
2) Mostly agree858236
3) Mostly disagree22499.4
4) Completely disagree12815.4
9) Don't know/Refused4491.9
Missing8753 
TOTAL23816100.0
86) There are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. (Q16N) (GOODEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1004339.7
2) Mostly agree982638.9
3) Mostly disagree292711.6
4) Completely disagree16366.5
9) Don't know/Refused8503.4
Missing7288 
TOTAL25282100.0
87) Labor unions are necessary to protect the working person. (Q16O) (LABORUNI)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree466524.9
2) Mostly agree818143.7
3) Mostly disagree362119.3
4) Completely disagree13987.5
9) Don't know/Refused8674.6
Missing13838 
TOTAL18732100.0
88) Labor unions have too much power. (Q16P) (POWERLAB)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree279320
2) Mostly agree523337.5
3) Mostly disagree370326.6
4) Completely disagree12088.7
9) Don't know/Refused10097.2
Missing18625 
TOTAL13946100.0
89) Today it's really true that the rich just get richer while the poor get poorer. (Q16Q) (MORERICH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree968935.4
2) Mostly agree1064238.9
3) Mostly disagree498718.2
4) Completely disagree12934.7
9) Don't know/Refused7212.6
Missing5237 
TOTAL27332100.0
90) I can usually tell whether I'll have a lot in common with someone by knowing how much he or she has. (Q16R) (INCOMMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree10886.6
2) Mostly agree384723.3
3) Mostly disagree738844.8
4) Completely disagree363622.1
9) Don't know/Refused5253.2
Missing16086 
TOTAL16484100.0
91) I don't have much in common with people of other races. (Q16S) (NOCOMMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree8264.1
2) Mostly agree292614.6
3) Mostly disagree944347.3
4) Completely disagree612430.7
9) Don't know/Refused6603.3
Missing12591 
TOTAL19979100.0
92) I often don't have enough money to make ends meet. (Q16T) (NOMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree561119.5
2) Mostly agree740925.7
3) Mostly disagree1098138.1
4) Completely disagree441415.3
9) Don't know/Refused4111.4
Missing3744 
TOTAL28826100.0
93) Money is one of my most important concerns. (Q16U) (WORRYMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree285816.3
2) Mostly agree566032.4
3) Mostly disagree617935.3
4) Completely disagree260114.9
9) Don't know/Refused1901.1
Missing15082 
TOTAL17488100.0
94) I'm pretty well satisfied by the way things are going for me financially. (Q16V) (HAPPYMON)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree409314.2
2) Mostly agree1354547
3) Mostly disagree716124.8
4) Completely disagree367212.7
9) Don't know/Refused3631.3
Missing3738 
TOTAL28834100.0
95) I feel it's my duty as a citizen to always vote. (Q16W) (DUTYVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1739360.3
2) Mostly agree831128.8
3) Mostly disagree18026.3
4) Completely disagree7972.8
9) Don't know/Refused5191.8
Missing3747 
TOTAL28822100.0
96) I'm interested in keeping up with national affairs. (Q16X) (USAFFAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree1105340.4
2) Mostly agree1252545.8
3) Mostly disagree25979.5
4) Completely disagree6962.5
9) Don't know/Refused4571.7
Missing5243 
TOTAL27328100.0
97) I'm generally bored by what goes on in Washington. (Q16Y) (BOREDPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree322613
2) Mostly agree875235.4
3) Mostly disagree879835.5
4) Completely disagree340813.8
9) Don't know/Refused5732.3
Missing7812 
TOTAL24757100.0
98) I'm pretty interested in following local politics. (Q16Z) (LOCALPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree589422.4
2) Mostly agree1314750
3) Mostly disagree551321
4) Completely disagree12924.9
9) Don't know/Refused4511.7
Missing6272 
TOTAL26297100.0
99) Most issues discussed in Washington don't affect me personally. (Q16AA) (NOAFFECT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree18096.6
2) Mostly agree704025.8
3) Mostly disagree1218344.6
4) Completely disagree558120.4
9) Don't know/Refused7112.6
Missing5246 
TOTAL27324100.0
100) I feel guilty when I don't get a chance to vote. (Q16BB) (GUILTVOT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree936634.3
2) Mostly agree920233.7
3) Mostly disagree499118.3
4) Completely disagree24589
9) Don't know/Refused13054.8
Missing5248 
TOTAL27322100.0
101) Sometimes I vote for a candidate without really knowing enough about him or her. (Q16CC) (DONTKNOW)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree294612.7
2) Mostly agree928439.9
3) Mostly disagree608826.1
4) Completely disagree407517.5
9) Don't know/Refused8953.8
Missing9282 
TOTAL23288100.0
102) I am concerned that business corporations are collecting too much information about people like me. (Q16DD) (CORPINFO)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree133038.2
2) Mostly agree132338
3) Mostly disagree57416.5
4) Completely disagree1464.2
9) Don't know/Refused1103.2
Missing29086 
TOTAL3483100.0
103) I am worried that science is going too far and is hurting society rather than helping it. (Q16EE) (SCIHURT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree100315.9
2) Mostly agree145022.9
3) Mostly disagree228936.2
4) Completely disagree130720.7
9) Don't know/Refused2744.3
Missing26248 
TOTAL6323100.0
104) Technology is making life too complicated for me. (Q16FF) (TECHCOMP)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree64010.1
2) Mostly agree116818.5
3) Mostly disagree264641.9
4) Completely disagree175827.8
9) Don't know/Refused1101.7
Missing26248 
TOTAL6322100.0
105) I favor protecting the rights of the unborn in almost all cases. (Q16GG) (PROTECT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree105342.1
2) Mostly agree75730.2
3) Mostly disagree39815.9
4) Completely disagree1917.6
9) Don't know/Refused1044.2
Missing30068 
TOTAL2503100.0
106) I am more concerned about finding cures for diseases than about protecting embryos. (Q16HH) (FINDCURE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree59723.9
2) Mostly agree86234.4
3) Mostly disagree47018.8
4) Completely disagree29311.7
9) Don't know/Refused28111.2
Missing30068 
TOTAL2503100.0
107) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male1558847.9
2) Female1698252.1
TOTAL32570100.0
108) What is your age? (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 188372.6
19) 195841.8
20) 205331.6
21) 215921.8
22) 225741.8
23) 235571.7
24) 246231.9
25) 257062.2
26) 265921.8
27) 276091.9
28) 287052.2
29) 296732.1
30) 307222.2
31) 316782.1
32) 327492.3
33) 337542.3
34) 347932.4
35) 357262.2
36) 366392
37) 376832.1
38) 386962.1
39) 396472
40) 407642.3
41) 415851.8
42) 427202.2
43) 435661.7
44) 445511.7
45) 455901.8
46) 465041.5
47) 475421.7
48) 485001.5
49) 495091.6
50) 505911.8
51) 514261.3
52) 525091.6
53) 534541.4
54) 544291.3
55) 554801.5
56) 564201.3
57) 573971.2
58) 583981.2
59) 594091.3
60) 604361.3
61) 613691.1
62) 624501.4
63) 633691.1
64) 643671.1
65) 654571.4
66) 663491.1
67) 673551.1
68) 683461.1
69) 693591.1
70) 703581.1
71) 71294.9
72) 72297.9
73) 73268.8
74) 74271.8
75) 75255.8
76) 76220.7
77) 77225.7
78) 78210.6
79) 79166.5
80) 80170.5
81) 81132.4
82) 82126.4
83) 8397.3
84) 8478.2
85) 8579.2
86) 8639.1
87) 8733.1
88) 8836.1
89) 8918.1
90) 9022.1
91) 91160
92) 92150
93) 9370
94) 9460
95) 9510
96) 9610
97) 97 or older60
99) Don't know/Refused245.8
Missing4 
TOTAL32564100.0
109) Age Recode (AGE2)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29758323.3
2) 30-491291939.7
3) 50-64650420
4) 65+531416.3
9) Don't know/Refused245.8
Missing4 
TOTAL32565100.0
110) Respondent's year of birth (YOB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL325701950.6918.72
111) Respondent's generational cohort (COHORT)
TOTAL%
1) Dead & Greatest <1928394012.9
2) Silent 1928-1945680022.3
3) Boomer 1946-19641292542.4
4) GenX 1965-1976477415.7
5) GenY 1977+20186.6
Missing2114 
TOTAL30457100.0
112) Cohorts with Boomers in two groups (COHORT2)
TOTAL%
1) Silent and Older <19461143936.7
2) Older Boomer 1946-1955628020.2
3) Younger Boomer 1956-1964664521.3
4) GenX 1965-1976477415.3
5) GenY 1977+20186.5
Missing1414 
TOTAL31156100.0
113) What is your race? Are you white, black, Asian, or some other? (RACE94)
TOTAL%
1) White1042678.9
2) Black156511.8
3) Asian2031.5
4) Other7946
9) Don't know2211.7
Missing19361 
TOTAL13209100.0
114) What is your race? Are you white, black, or some other? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White2699282.9
2) Black372611.4
3) Other15964.9
9) Don't know/Refused256.8
TOTAL32570100.0
115) Are you, yourself, of Hispanic origin or descent, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other Spanish background? (HISP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24797.6
2) No2974191.4
9) Don't know/Refused3321
Missing18 
TOTAL32552100.0
116) Race and ethnicity combined (RACETHN)
TOTAL%
1) White non-Hispanic2548678.2
2) Black non-Hispanic354510.9
3) Hispanic24797.6
4) Other non-Hispanic8982.8
9) Don't know/Refused162.5
TOTAL32570100.0
117) What is your religious preference -- Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Mormon, or an Orthodox church such as the Greek or Russian Orthodox Church? (See Note 1: RELIG Details on the ARDA Summary Page for full question wording) (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant1863357.2
2) Roman Catholic821625.2
3) Jewish6442
4) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)4991.5
5) Orthodox Church (Greek or Russian)206.6
6) Islam/Muslim56.2
7) Other religion9582.9
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic30139.3
9) Don't know/Refused3431.1
Missing1 
TOTAL32568100.0
118) IF RELIG=1-2, 4, or 7: Would you describe yourself as a "born again" or evangelical Christan, or not? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, would979934.3
2) No, would not1739260.9
9) Don't know/Refused13894.9
Missing3990 
TOTAL28580100.0
119) Religious service attendance (CHURCH87 and CHURCH97 merged and standardized) (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Never/Less than once a month946046.2
1) Once a month or more1101453.8
Missing12096 
TOTAL20474100.0
120) Religious intensity [based on aggregated level of agreement with TOPRAY, TOJUDGE, and NODOUBT statements] (RELIG3) (INTENSE)
TOTAL%
1) Disagree with all12156.2
2) Mixed/Don't know490724.9
3) Agree with all1362369
Missing12825 
TOTAL19745100.0
121) Religion recoded (RELIGN)
TOTAL%
1) White non-Hispanic Evangelical Protestant631219.4
2) White non-Hispanic Mainline Protestant738622.7
3) Black non-Hispanic Protestant28798.8
4) Other Protestant20566.3
5) White non-Hispanic Catholic627519.3
6) Other Catholic19416
7) Other Christian7052.2
8) Jewish6442
9) Other religion10153.1
10) Unaffiliated30139.3
99) Don't know/Refused3431.1
Missing1 
TOTAL32569100.0
122) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services... more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (CHURCH97)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week167413.7
2) Once a week307325.2
3) Once or twice a month185115.2
4) A few times a year226418.6
5) Seldom206817
6) Never11339.3
9) Don't know/Refused1371.1
Missing20370 
TOTAL12200100.0
123) Do you go to church, synagogue or some other place of worship... (CHURCH87)
TOTAL%
1) Every week215226
2) Almost every week110213.3
3) Once or twice a month116314.1
4) A few times a year243429.4
5) Never132016
9) Don't know/Refused1031.2
Missing24296 
TOTAL8274100.0
124) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-819045.8
2) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11)414512.7
3) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate)1072332.9
4) Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school16725.1
5) Some college, no 4-year degree690421.2
6) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree) or higher713421.9
99) Don't know/Refused87.3
Missing1 
TOTAL32569100.0
125) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC94)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-85203.9
2) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11)132710
3) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate)427432.4
4) Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school5153.9
5) Some college, no 4-year degree315623.9
6) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree)200015.1
7) Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a Master's degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school)135810.3
99) Don't know/Refused59.4
Missing19361 
TOTAL13209100.0
126) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (EDUC87)
TOTAL%
1) None, or grade 1-4173.9
2) Grade 5, 6 or 74592.4
3) Grade 87513.9
4) High school incomplete (Grades 9-11)281814.6
5) High school graduate, Grade 12644933.3
6) Technical, trade, or business after high school11576
7) College/university incomplete374819.4
8) College/university graduate328016.9
9) Some post-graduate training for an advanced degree, for example, a Master's degree, Ph.D., law or medical degree4952.6
99) Don't know/No answer/Refused28.1
Missing13210 
TOTAL19358100.0
127) These days, many people are so busy they can't find time to register to vote, or move around so often they don't get a chance to re-register... Are you NOW registered to vote in your precinct or election district, or haven't you been able to register so far? (REGIST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, registered2378777.9
2) No, not registered644621.1
9) Don't know/Refused288.9
Missing2049 
TOTAL30521100.0
128) Are you absolutely certain you are registered to vote, or is there a chance your registration has lapsed because you moved or for some other reason? (REGICERT)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely certain1239294.8
2) Chance registration has lapsed5924.5
9) Don't know/Refused94.7
Missing19492 
TOTAL13078100.0
129) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or Independent? (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) Republican878427
2) Democrat1096833.7
3) Independent1092533.5
4) No preference10613.3
5) Other203.6
9) Don't know/Refused6241.9
Missing5 
TOTAL32565100.0
130) If PARTY=3-5 or 9: As of today do you lean more to the Republican Party or more to the Democratic Party? (PARTYLN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican420632.9
2) Democrat460136
9) Other/Don't know/Refused397031.1
Missing19794 
TOTAL12777100.0
131) Party with leaned identification [Variable combines PARTY with PARTYLN] (PARTYSUM) (PARTYSUM)
TOTAL%
1) Republican/Lean Republican1299039.9
2) Democrat/Lean Democrat1556847.8
9) No leaning400712.3
Missing5 
TOTAL32565100.0
132) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or Independent? [Variable combines PARTYID with PARTYLN] (PARTY5)
TOTAL%
1) Republican878427
2) Lean Republican420612.9
3) Independent397012.2
4) Lean Democrat460114.1
5) Democrat1096833.7
Missing42 
TOTAL32529100.0
133) In the last presidential election, did things come up which kept you from voting, or did you happen to vote? [If respondent voted:] Did you vote for the Democratic candidate, the Republican candidate, or another candidate? (PRESVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, Democrat836529.6
2) Yes, Republican1027236.4
3) Yes, other10263.6
4) Yes, don't remember which candidate/Refused5371.9
6) No, didn't vote/Too young617121.8
7) Don't remember if voted213.8
9) Refused3411.2
99) Didn't vote/other/don't remember (1987 only)13194.7
Missing4326 
TOTAL28244100.0
134) How often would you say you vote? (OFTVOTE)
TOTAL%
1) Always1236040.5
2) Nearly always972131.8
3) Part of the time360211.8
4) Seldom28999.5
5) Never vote15685.1
6) Other response257.8
9) Don't know/Refused138.5
Missing2025 
TOTAL30545100.0
135) If YES to REGIST: How often would you say you vote? (1993 only) (OFTVOTER)
TOTAL%
1) Always70557
2) Nearly always38531.1
3) Part of the time856.9
4) Seldom463.7
5) Never vote7.6
6) Other response6.5
9) Don't know/Refused3.2
Missing31332 
TOTAL1237100.0
136) Some people seem to follow what's going on in government and public affairs most of the time, whether there's an election or not. Others aren't that interested. Would you say you follow what's going on in government and public affairs... (FOLGOV)
TOTAL%
1) Most of the time1000144.4
2) Some of the time752733.4
3) Only now and then330714.7
4) Hardly at all14616.5
9) Don't know/Refused211.9
Missing10062 
TOTAL22507100.0
137) In general, would you describe your political views as... (IDEO94)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative6006
2) Conservative308330.7
3) Moderate382138
4) Liberal138813.8
5) Very liberal5415.4
9) Don't know/Refused6186.1
Missing22520 
TOTAL10051100.0
138) When it comes to politics, do you usually think of yourself as a liberal, a conservative, or in between? (In 1993, "or in between" was changed to "or what") (IDEO87)
TOTAL%
1) Conservative588537.2
2) In between/Something else582236.8
3) Liberal341621.6
9) Other/Don't know6784.3
Missing16769 
TOTAL15801100.0
139) Are you now employed full-time, part-time, or not employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time1175950.3
2) Part-time292612.5
3) Not employed855136.6
9) Don't know/Refused136.6
Missing9198 
TOTAL23372100.0
140) Do you own or rent your home? (OWNRENT)
TOTAL%
1) Own1221567
2) Rent508927.9
3) Other arrangement8194.5
9) Don't know/Refused117.6
Missing14329 
TOTAL18240100.0
141) Are you married, divorced, separated, widowed, or never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married1832056.2
2) Divorced31989.8
3) Separated7622.3
4) Widowed28288.7
5) Never been married716222
6) Living with a partner (Category added in 2009)182.6
9) Don't know/Refused118.4
TOTAL32570100.0
142) Are you the parent or guardian of any children under 18 now living in your household? (PARENT94)
TOTAL%
1) Yes476636.1
2) No838063.4
9) Don't know/Refused63.5
Missing19361 
TOTAL13209100.0
143) [Are there] children under 18 years of age now living in this household? (KIDS87)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, children655042.8
2) No children860656.3
9) Don't know/Refused137.9
Missing17277 
TOTAL15293100.0
144) Combination of PARENT94 and KIDS87 (PARENTHH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, children under 18 years of age live in household1131639.7
2) No children under 18 years of age live in household1698659.6
9) Don't know/Refused200.7
Missing4068 
TOTAL28502100.0
145) Census region code for household location (CREGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast742622.8
2) Midwest793224.4
3) South1054332.4
4) West666920.5
TOTAL32570100.0
146) Which of the following best describes the place where you now live? (CITYSIZE)
TOTAL%
1) A large city214622.1
2) A suburb near a large city214522.1
3) A small city or town338934.9
4) A rural area193720
9) Don't know/Refused80.8
Missing22874 
TOTAL9697100.0
147) Community type (USR)
TOTAL%
1) Urban275530
2) Suburban441648.1
3) Rural201621.9
Missing23383 
TOTAL9187100.0
148) Income classification (See Note 2: INCOME Coding on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Low582717.9
2) Lower middle907127.9
3) Upper middle772623.7
4) Upper675920.8
99) Don't know/Refused31589.7
Missing29 
TOTAL32541100.0
149) Last year... what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? [Asked in 1994, 1997, 1999, 2002 and 2003] (INCOME94)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,0005747
2) $10,000 to under $20,00094611.6
3) $20,000 to under $30,000120914.8
4) $30,000 to under $40,000114714
5) $40,000 to under $50,00090011
6) $50,000 to under $75,000116014.2
7) $75,000 to under $100,0006007.3
8) $100,000 or more6357.8
99) Don't know/Refused101712.4
Missing24381 
TOTAL8188100.0
150) Total annual household income [Asked in 1991, 1992 and 1993] (See Note 3: INCOME91 Details for full question wording) (INCOME91)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,0006178.8
2) $10,000-$14,9996879.8
3) $15,000-$19,99996813.7
4) $20,000-$29,999127918.2
5) $30,000-$49,999161422.9
6) $50,000 and over127318.1
99) Don't know/Refused6068.6
Missing25526 
TOTAL7044100.0
151) Annual household income [Asked in 1989] (INCOME89)
TOTAL%
1) Under $15,00041520.3
2) $15,000-$19,99926813.1
3) $20,000-$24,99925012.2
4) $25,000-$29,99923511.5
5) $30,000-$34,99920510
6) $35,000-$39,9991567.6
7) $40,000-$49,9991929.4
8) $50,000-$74,99921010.3
9) $75,000-$99,999613
10) $100,000 or more371.8
99) Don't know/Refused19.9
Missing30522 
TOTAL2048100.0
152) Annual household income [Asked in 1987, 1988 and 1990] (INCOME87)
TOTAL%
1) Under $2,0001231.2
2) $2,000-$2,999991
3) $3,000-$3,9991531.5
4) $4,000-$4,9991971.9
5) $5,000-$5,9992362.3
6) $6,000-$6,9993002.9
7) $7,000-$9,9995275.1
8) $10,000-$11,9996045.9
9) $12,000-$14,9998117.9
10) $15,000-$19,999113011
11) $20,000-$24,9998077.9
12) $25,000-$29,9998288.1
13) $30,000-$34,9997897.7
14) $35,000-$39,9996546.4
15) $40,000-$49,9999449.2
16) $50,000-$99,999107110.5
17) $100,000 or more1711.7
99) Don't know/Refused7967.8
Missing22331 
TOTAL10240100.0
153) Thinking about the past year, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? (INCOME07)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $10,0003887.7
2) $10,000 to under $20,00056511.3
3) $20,000 to under $30,00058611.7
4) $30,000 to under $40,00050010
5) $40,000 to under $50,0003897.7
6) $50,000 to under $75,00070514
7) $75,000 to under $100,0004909.8
8) $100,000 to under $150,0004058.1
9) $150,000 or more2735.4
99) Don't know/Refused71914.3
Missing27550 
TOTAL5020100.0
154) 2004 presidential election popular vote results in respondent's state (STATEV4)
TOTAL%
1) Kerry's margin over Bush was greater than 5%944233.1
2) Bush's margin over Bush was greater than 5%1140639.9
3) Difference between Bush and Kerry was less than 5%770927
Missing4013 
TOTAL28557100.0
155) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with this statement: I am concerned that the government is collecting too much information about people like me. (Q16GOV) (PRIVACY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree123427.2
2) Mostly agree137530.3
3) Mostly disagree127328.1
4) Completely disagree46510.3
9) Don't know/Refused1884.1
Missing28035 
TOTAL4535100.0
156) Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with this statement: Nude picture and X-rated videos on the internet provide harmless entertainment for those who enjoy it. (Q16GINT) (XRATED2)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree808.2
2) Mostly agree18519
3) Mostly disagree26827.5
4) Completely disagree40741.8
9) Don't know343.5
Missing31596 
TOTAL974100.0
157) How respondent's income was estimated (INCOMEST)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent's answer779988.8
2) Interviewer's estimate98211.2
Missing23789 
TOTAL8781100.0
158) Are you (or is your spouse) a member of a labor union? (LABOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent29969.8
2) Yes, spouse is16315.3
3) Yes, both are5151.7
4) No, neither are2494381.6
9) Don't know/Refused4651.5
Missing2020 
TOTAL30550100.0
159) Do you ever go online to access the Internet or World Wide Web or to send and receive email? (INTERNET)
TOTAL%
1) Yes577274.6
2) No195725.3
9) Don't know/Refused8.1
Missing24833 
TOTAL7737100.0
160) Do you go online to use the Internet, at least occasionally? Do you send or receive email, at least occasionally? (INTERN09)
TOTAL%
0) No to both of the above questions64421.4
1) Yes to either of the above questions236978.6
Missing29557 
TOTAL3013100.0
161) Interview date (DATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3257068738.1628865.77
162) Respondent's area code (AREACODE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL32570506.63225.93
163) 5-digit FIPS code for area (See Note 4: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (FIPS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3257028664.7715831.84
164) Metropolitan Statistical Area code (See Note 5: MSA Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (MSA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3257016375.5114945.72
165) State from FIPS codes (Two-digit numerical code is the FIPS state code; see Note 4: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for more detail) (STATE2)
TOTAL%
1) Alabama4931.7
2) Alaska17.1
4) Arizona3351.2
5) Arkansas3011.1
6) California289010.1
8) Colorado4961.7
9) Connecticut3521.2
10) Delaware69.2
11) Washington, D.C.84.3
12) Florida12894.5
13) Georgia7612.7
15) Hawaii71.2
16) Idaho181.6
17) Illinois11384
18) Indiana6492.3
19) Iowa3661.3
20) Kansas271.9
21) Kentucky5071.8
22) Louisiana5061.8
23) Maine202.7
24) Maryland5491.9
25) Massachusetts6132.1
26) Michigan11203.9
27) Minnesota5141.8
28) Mississippi3231.1
29) Missouri6312.2
30) Montana155.5
31) Nebraska231.8
32) Nevada148.5
33) New Hampshire132.5
34) New Jersey7782.7
35) New Mexico251.9
36) New York18426.5
37) North Carolina8783.1
38) North Dakota61.2
39) Ohio13004.6
40) Oklahoma3641.3
41) Oregon3701.3
42) Pennsylvania16355.7
44) Rhode Island140.5
45) South Carolina4301.5
46) South Dakota88.3
47) Tennessee6682.3
48) Texas17486.1
49) Utah2791
50) Vermont77.3
51) Virginia7042.5
53) Washington6372.2
54) West Virginia2901
55) Wisconsin5842
56) Wyoming39.1
Missing4013 
TOTAL28557100.0
166) Three-digit FIPS county code (See Note 4: FIPS Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (COUNTY)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3257086.75102.04
167) Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), 1992 only (See Note 5: MSA Codes on the ARDA Summary Page for explanation of coding) (METRO)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL325703362.162991.42
168) Interview date, 1992 only (DATE2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL32570565.1537.30
169) Sample weight (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10.547
170) Looking ahead, would you like to see George W. Bush re-elected President in 2004, or would you prefer that a Democratic candidate win the election? (REELECT)
TOTAL%
1) Bush re-elected99839.5
2) Prefer Democrat99539.4
3) Other2048.1
9) Don't know/Refused33113.1
Missing30042 
TOTAL2528100.0
171) What is your age? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-29758323.5
2) 30-441027431.8
3) 45-59715922.1
4) 60-74534416.5
5) 75+19616.1
Missing249 
TOTAL32321100.0
172) What is your race? Are you white, black, or some other? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White2699283.5
2) Black372611.5
3) Other15964.9
Missing256 
TOTAL32314100.0
173) Respondent's sex (for use with online analysis) (I-SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male1558847.9
2) Female1698252.1
TOTAL32570100.0
174) What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Less than a high school diploma604918.6
2) High school graduate (Grade 12 or GED certificate)1072333
3) Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school16725.1
4) Some college, no four-year degree690421.3
5) College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other four-year degree) or higher713422
Missing88 
TOTAL32482100.0
175) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or Independent? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-PARTYID)
TOTAL%
1) Republican878427.5
2) Democrat1096834.3
3) Independent1092534.2
4) No preference10613.3
5) Other203.6
Missing629 
TOTAL31941100.0
176) Census region code for household location (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast742622.8
2) Midwest793224.4
3) South1054332.4
4) West666920.5
TOTAL32570100.0