Cross-National Socio-Economic and Religion Data, 2005

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Cross-National > Summary


This file assembles data from the United Nations Human Development Reports (HDR) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook. It includes data on economic, social and demographic variables for 316 countries, nations and regions around the world. This is an attempt to draw together numerous variables employed in cross-national research.

Data File
Cases: 318
Variables: 273
Weight Variable: None
Data Collection
Date Collected: September 2005 – December 2005
Funded By
Data collection was funded by the John Templeton Foundation.
Collection Procedures
The World Factbook is prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency for the use of US Government officials, and the style, format, coverage, and content are designed to meet their specific requirements. Information is provided by Antarctic Information Program (National Science Foundation), Bureau of the Census (Department of Commerce), Bureau of Labor Statistics (Department of Labor), Central Intelligence Agency, Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs, Defense Intelligence Agency (Department of Defense), Department of State, Fish and Wildlife Service (Department of the Interior), National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (Department of Defense), Naval Facilities Engineering Command (Department of Defense), Office of Insular Affairs (Department of the Interior), US Board on Geographic Names (Department of the Interior), and other public and private sources.

For information on major data sources utilized by United Nations Human Development Reports, please see the following link: http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/understanding/sources/
Sampling Procedures
Summary data for each nation was collected from the online resources provided by the CIA World Factbook and the United Nations Human Development Reports. The data includes 316 summary statistics for nations and countries around the world are provided.
Principal Investigators
The Association of Religion Data Archives
Roger Finke, Director
Brian J. Grim, Project Manager for International Data
Additional Information of Selected Variables - Definitions and Indexes
GNP (gross national product) is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, plus income earned by its citizens abroad, minus income earned by foreigners from domestic production. The Factbook, following current practice, uses GDP rather than GNP to measure national production. However, the user must realize that in certain countries net remittances from citizens working abroad may be important to national well-being.
GDP (gross domestic product) is the product or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment). As a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the wealthy industrialized countries are generally much smaller.

GRI2003
Government regulation of religion index (Grim and Finke, 2006): Scale 0-10, low is less regulation.
GFI2003
Government favoritism of religion index (Grim and Finke, 2006): Scale 0-10, low is less favoritism.
SRI2003
Social regulation of religion index (Grim and Finke, 2006): Scale 0-10, low is less regulation.
Additional Information on selected Variables - CIA Variables
CIALAREA
Area by square kilometers. Total area is the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.
CIAPOP05
Population for 2005. This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
CIABIR05
Births for 2005. This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at mid-year; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
CIADTH05
Births for 2005. This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at mid-year; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
CIAINF05
Infant mortality for 2005. This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
CIALIFEX
Life expectancy for 2005. This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
CIAFERTR
Fertility for 2005. This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
CIAAIDSA
People with AIDS for 2003. This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at year-end by the total adult population at year-end.
CIAAIDTO
HIV afflicted for 2003. This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at year-end with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
CIAAIDDE
AIDS Mortality for 2003. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
CIAPPP
For 2005. This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the wealthy industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
CIAOER
For 2005. This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at official exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-à-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artificially fixed and/or subject to manipulation -- resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency -- and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed.
CIAGRWTH
Gross domestic product (GDP) for 2005. This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent.
CIAPRCAP
For 2005. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
CIAINVST
Investment for 2005. This entry records total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital.
CIAINFLA
Inflation for 2005. This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
CIALABOR
Labor for 2005. This entry contains the total labor force figure.
CIAUNEMP
Unemployment for 2005. This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
CIAPDEBT
Debt for 2005. This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
CIAINDPR
Industrial production for 2005. This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction).
CIAELEPR
Electricity production for 2004. This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
CIAELECO
Electricity supply for 2004. This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
CIAOILPR
Oil production for 2005. This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
CIAOILCO
Oil consumption for 2005. This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
CIAOILEX
Oil export for 2005. This entry is the total oil exported in barrels per day (bbl/day), including both crude oil and oil products.
CIAOILIM
Oil imports for 2005. This entry is the total oil imported in barrels per day (bbl/day), including both crude oil and oil products.
CIAOILRE
Oil reserves for 2005. This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil in barrels (bbl). Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
CIAGASPR
Natural gas production for 2005. This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters (cu m). The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors.
CIAGASCO
Natural gas consumption for 2005. This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters (cu m). The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors.
CIAGASEX
Natural gas exports for 2004. This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters (cu m).
CIAGASIM
Natural gas imports for 2005. This entry is the total natural gas imported in cubic meters (cu m).
CIAGASRE
Natural gas reserves for 2005. This entry is the total proved natural gas reserves in cubic meters (cu m).
CIAACCBA
Current account balance for 2005. This entry is the current account balance (net trade, net earnings, and net transfer payments) in U.S. dollars.
CIAEXPOR
Exports for 2005. This entry is the total amount of merchandise exports in U.S. dollars,
CIAIMPOR
Imports for 2005. This entry is the total amount of merchandise imports in U.S. dollars.
CIARSERV
Assets for 2005. This entry is the total financial assets available to central monetary authority in U.S. dollars.
CIAXDEBT
Debt for 2005. This entry is the total external debt in U.S. Dollars.
CIATELEM
Telephones for 2005. This entry is the total number of main line telephones in use.
CIACELLP
Cellular telephones for 2005. This entry is the total number of mobile cellular telephones.
CIAINTHO
Internet hosts for 2005. This entry is the total number of available internet hosts.
CIAINTUS
Internet user for 2005. This entry is the total number of Internet users.
CIARAILW
Railways for 2004. This entry is the total length route of railways in kilometers.
CIAROADW
Roadways for 2003. This entry is the total length of roadways in kilometers.
CIAWATER
Waterways for 2004. This entry is the total length of navigable waterways in kilometers.
CIAMERCH
For 2005. This entry is the total number of ships engaged in the carriage of goods or commercial vessels.
CIAAIRPO
Airports for 2005. This entry is the total number of airports.
CIAMILEX
Military spending for 2005. This entry is the total military expenditures in U.S. dollars.
CIAMIGDP
For 2005. This entry is the percent of gross domestic product used on military expenditures.
Additional Information on selected variables-UN Variables
UNWOMAGR
Female employment in agriculture (as % of female labor force). Female employment in industry, agriculture or services as defined according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) system (revisions 2 and 3). Industry refers to mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities (gas, water and electricity). Agriculture refers to activities in agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Services refer to wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; finance, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services.
UNMENAGR
Male employment in agriculture (%). Male employment in industry, agriculture or services as defined according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) system (revisions 2 and 3). Industry refers to mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities (gas, water and electricity). Agriculture refers to activities in agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Services refer to wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; finance, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services.
UNWOMIND
Female employment in industry (as % of female labor force). Female employment in industry, agriculture or services as defined according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) system (revisions 2 and 3). Industry refers to mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities (gas, water and electricity). Agriculture refers to activities in agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Services refer to wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; finance, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services.
UNMENIND
Male employment in industry (%). Male employment in industry, agriculture or services as defined according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) system (revisions 2 and 3). Industry refers to mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities (gas, water and electricity). Agriculture refers to activities in agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Services refer to wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; finance, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services.
UNWOMSRV
Female employment in industry (%). Female employment in industry, agriculture or services as defined according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) system (revisions 2 and 3). Industry refers to mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities (gas, water and electricity). Agriculture refers to activities in agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Services refer to wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; finance, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services.
UNMENSRV
Male employment in industry (%). Male employment in industry, agriculture or services as defined according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) system (revisions 2 and 3). Industry refers to mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction and public utilities (gas, water and electricity). Agriculture refers to activities in agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing. Services refer to wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; transport, storage and communications; finance, insurance, real estate and business services; and community, social and personal services.
UNENGY80
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP US$ per kg of oil equivalent). The ratio of GDP (in 1995 PPP US$) to commercial energy use, measured in kilograms of oil equivalent. This ratio provides a measure of energy efficiency by showing comparable and consistent estimates of real GDP across countries relative to physical inputs (units of energy use). See GDP (gross domestic product) and PPP (purchasing power parity) in 1980.
UNENGY02
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP US$ per kg of oil equivalent). The ratio of GDP (in 1995 PPP US$) to commercial energy use, measured in kilograms of oil equivalent. This ratio provides a measure of energy efficiency by showing comparable and consistent estimates of real GDP across countries relative to physical inputs (units of energy use). See GDP (gross domestic product) and PPP (purchasing power parity) in 2002.
UNFEMINC
Estimated earned income, female (PPP US$).This is roughly derived on the basis of the ratio of the female non-agricultural wage to the male non-agricultural wage, the female and male shares of the economically active population, total female and male population and GDP per capita (PPP US$). For details on this estimation, see Technical note 1.
UNMENINC
Estimated earned income, male (PPP US$). This is roughly derived on the basis of the ratio of the female nonagricultural wage to the male non-agricultural wage, the female and male shares of the economically active population, total female and male population and GDP per capita (PPP US$). For details on this estimation, see Technical note 1.
UNINRTIO
Ratio of estimated female to male earned income refers to the ratio of estimated female earned income to estimated male earned income. See earned income (PPP US$), estimated (female and male).
UNTCEX90
High-technology exports (% of merchandise exports). Exports of products with a high intensity of research and development. They include high-technology products found in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments and electrical machinery in 1990.
UNSREX90
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) includes the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments in 1990.
UNMNEX90
Manufactured exports (% of merchandise exports). Defined according to the Standard International Trade Classification to include exports of chemicals, basic manufactures, machinery and transport equipment and other miscellaneous manufactured goods in 1990.
UNTCEX03
High-technology exports (% of merchandise exports) refers to exports of products with a high intensity of research and development. They include high-technology products found in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments and electrical machinery in 2003.
UNSVEX03
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) includes the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments in 2003.
UNMNEX03
Manufactured exports (% of merchandise exports) is defined according to the Standard International Trade Classification to include exports of chemicals, basic manufactures, machinery and transport equipment and other miscellaneous manufactured goods in 2003.
UNPRMX90
Primary exports (% of merchandise exports) is defined according to the Standard International Trade Classification to include exports of food, agricultural raw materials, fuels, ores and metals in 1990.
UNPRMX03
Primary exports (% of merchandise exports) is defined according to the Standard International Trade Classification to include exports of food, agricultural raw materials, fuels, ores and metals in 2003.
UNFEMLEG
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total). Women’s share of positions as defined according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) includes legislators, senior government officials, traditional chiefs and heads of villages, senior officials of special interest organizations, corporate managers, directors and chief executives, production and operations department managers and other department and general managers.
UNFEMTEC
Female professional and technical workers (% of total). Women’s share of positions defined according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) to include physical, mathematical and engineering science professionals (and associate professionals), life science and health professionals (and associate professionals), teaching professionals (and associate professionals) and other professionals and associate professionals.
UNFRIN90
Net foreign direct investment inflows (% of GDP)refers to net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10% or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital and short-term capital in 1990.
UNFRIN03
Net foreign direct investment inflows (% of GDP) comprises investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10% or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital and short-term capital in 2003.
UNGRW75
GDP per capita annual growth rate (%) is the least squares annual growth rate, calculated from constant price GDP per capita in local currency units.
UNGRW90
GDP per capita annual growth rate (%) Is the least squares annual growth rate, calculated from constant price GDP per capita in local currency units.
UNGDPIDX
A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development: long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. For details on how the index is calculated, see Technical note 1.
UNGEMRNK
Gender empowerment (GEM) Rank
UNGEMVAL
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) value is a composite index measuring gender inequality in three basic dimensions of empowerment? economic participation and decision-making, political participation and decision-making and power over economic resources. For details on how the index is calculated, see Technical note 1.
UNGDIRNK
Gender-related development index (GDI) Rank.
UNGDIVAL
Gender-related development index (GDI) value is a composite index measuring average achievement in the three basic dimensions captured in the human development index: a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living, adjusted to account for inequalities between men and women. For details on how the index is calculated, see Technical note 1.
UNGINIDX
Inequality measures - Gini index. Measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or consumption) among individuals or households within a country deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. A value of 0 represents perfect equality, a value of 100 perfect inequality.
UNTOTGDP
The sum of value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated capital assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Value added is the net output of an industry after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs.
UNPPPGDP
GDP (PPP US$ billions). The sum of value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated capital assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Value added is the net output of an industry after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs.
UNHLTHPC
Health expenditure per capita (PPP US$).
UNHLTHPV
Private health expenditure (% of GDP).
UNHLTHPU
Public health expenditure (% of GDP).
UNHIVPRV
HIV prevalence (% ages 15-49) is the percentage of people ages 15?49 who are infected with HIV.
UNHPI1
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Value (%) for developing countries is a composite index measuring deprivations in the three basic dimensions captured in the human development index: a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. For details on how the index is calculated, see Technical note 1.
UNHPIRNK
Human Poverty Index Rank for developing countries
UNIMP90
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) is the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments in 1990.
UNIMP03
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) is the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments in 2003.
UNPOOR10
Share of income or consumption (%) - Poorest 10% . The shares of income or consumption accruing to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles, based on national household surveys covering various years. Consumption surveys produce results showing lower levels of inequality between poor and rich than do income surveys, as poor people generally consume a greater share of their income. Because data come from surveys covering different years and using different methodologies, comparisons between countries must be made with caution.
UNPOOR20
Share of income or consumption (%) - Poorest 20%. The shares of income or consumption accruing to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles, based on national household surveys covering various years. Consumption surveys produce results showing lower levels of inequality between poor and rich than do income surveys, as poor people generally consume a greater share of their income. Because data come from surveys covering different years and using different methodologies, comparisons between countries must be made with caution.
UNRICH10
Share of income or consumption (%) – Richest 10%. The shares of income or consumption accruing to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles, based on national household surveys covering various years. Consumption surveys produce results showing lower levels of inequality between poor and rich than do income surveys, as poor people generally consume a greater share of their income. Because data come from surveys covering different years and using different methodologies, comparisons between countries must be made with caution.
UNRICH20
Share of income or consumption (%) – Richest 20%. The shares of income or consumption accruing to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles, based on national household surveys covering various years. Consumption surveys produce results showing lower levels of inequality between poor and rich than do income surveys, as poor people generally consume a greater share of their income. Because data come from surveys covering different years and using different methodologies, comparisons between countries must be made with caution.
UNINRT10
Inequality measures of the ratio of richest 10% to poorest 10%
UNINRT20
Inequality measures of the ratio of richest 20% to poorest 20%
UNNET90
Number of Internet users per 1,000 people in 1990
UNNET03
Number of Internet users per 1,000 people in 2003
UNMLEX90
Military expenditure (% of GDP) in 1990. All expenditures of the defense ministry and other ministries on recruiting and training military personnel as well as on construction and purchase of military supplies and equipment. Military assistance is included in the expenditures of the donor country.
UNMLEX03
Military expenditure (% of GDP) in 2003. All expenditures of the defense ministry and other ministries on recruiting and training military personnel as well as on construction and purchase of military supplies and equipment. Military assistance is included in the expenditures of the donor country.
UNPATENT
The number of patents granted to residents (per million people). Refers to documents issued by a government office that describe an invention and create a legal situation in which the patented invention can normally be exploited (made, used, sold, imported) only by or with the authorization of the patentee. The protection of inventions is generally limited to 20 years from the filing date of the application for the grant of a patent.
UNPCGDP03
GDP per capita (US$) is GDP (US$) divided by mid-year population. See GDP (US$).
UNPCGRP3P
GDP per capita (PPP US$) (HDI)is one of the three indices on which the human development index is built.
UNLESS1
Population living below $1 a day (%) is the percentage of the population living below the specified poverty line: $1 a day at 1985 international prices (equivalent to $1.08 at 1993 international prices), adjusted for purchasing power parity.
UNLESS2
Population living below $2 a day (%) is the percentage of the population living below the specified poverty line: $2 a day at 1985 international prices (equivalent to $2.15 at 1993 international prices), adjusted for purchasing power parity.
UNBELPOV
The percentage of population living below the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.
UNBEL4
Population living below $4 a day (%). The percentage of the population living below the specified poverty line: $4 a day at 1990 international prices, adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP).
UNBEL11
Percent of population living below $11 a day (%). The percentage of the population living below the specified poverty line: $11 a day (per person for a family of three) at 1994 international prices, adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP).
UNBEL50
The percentage of the population living below 50% of median income and 50% of the median adjusted disposable household income. See PPP (purchasing power parity).
UNRESDEV
Research and development (R&D) expenditures (as % of GDP). Current and capital expenditures (including overhead) on creative, systematic activity intended to increase the stock of knowledge. Included are fundamental and applied research and experimental development work leading to new devices, products or processes.
UNRESNUM
Researchers in research and development (per million people). People trained to work in any field of science who are engaged in professional research and development activity. Most such jobs require the completion of tertiary education.
UNTEL90
Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people). Telephone lines connecting a customer’s equipment to the public switched telephone network in 1990.
UNTEL03
Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people). Telephone lines connecting a customer’s equipment to the public switched telephone network in 2003.
UNTERMS
Terms of trade (1980=100). The ratio of the export price index to the import price index measured relative to a base year. A value of more than 100 means that the price of exports has risen relative to the price of imports.
UNIMSHDV
Goods imports from developing countries (share of total imports). The value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments.
UNIMPDEV
Goods imports from developing countries (Total US$ millions).
The value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments.
UNIMSHLD
Goods imports from least developed countries (share of total imports).
The value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments.
UNIMLSDV
Goods imports from least developed countries (US$ millions).
The value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. Included is the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal and government services. Excluded are labor and property income and transfer payments.
UNCONPRV
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)
UNCPI90
Average annual change in consumer price index (%). Reflects changes in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or may change at specified intervals in 1990.
UNCPI02
Average annual change in consumer price index (%). Reflects changes in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or may change at specified intervals in 2002.
UNUNEMP
Unemployed people (thousands). Refers to all people above a specified age who are not in paid employment or self-employed, but are available for work and have taken specific steps to seek paid employment or self-employment.
UNLTUMEN
Long-term unemployment (as % of labor force). Unemployment lasting 12 months or longer. See unemployment.
UNLTUWOM
Long-term unemployment (% of total unemployment): Women unemployment lasting 12 months or longer. See unemployment.
UNUNEMRT
Unemployment rate total (% of labor force). The number of unemployed divided by the labor force (those employed plus the unemployed).
UNUNEMAV
Unemployment rate. Average annual (% of labor force). The unemployed divided by the labor force (those employed plus the unemployed).
UNUNEMFE
Unemployment rate for females as a percentage of the male unemployment rate.
UNUNEMYT
Youth unemployment rate total (% of labor force ages 15-24). Refers to unemployment between the ages of 15 or 16 and 24, depending on the national definition. See unemployment.
UNUNEMYF
Youth unemployment rate Female (% of male rate). Refers to unemployment between the ages of 15 or 16 and 24, depending on the national definition. See unemployment.
UNFEMECO
Female economic activity rate (% ages 15 and above). The share of the female population ages 15 and above who supply, or are available to supply, labor for the production of goods and services.
UNWRKMEN
Men contributing family workers (% of total). Defined according to the 1993 International Classification by Status in Employment (ICSE) as a person who works without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a related person living in the same household.
UNWRKWOM
Women contributing family workers (% of total). Defined according to the 1993 International Classification by Status in Employment (ICSE) as a person who works without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a related person living in the same household.
UNALIT90
The number of students enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for the three levels. See education levels and enrollment ratio, gross.
UNALIT03
The number of students enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for the three levels. See education levels and enrollment ratio, gross.
UNEGDP90
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel. See education levels.
UNEGDP02
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel. See education levels.
UN5GRD91
The percentage of children starting primary school who eventually attain grade 5 (grade 4 if the duration of primary school is four years). The estimates are based on the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrollment and repeaters for two consecutive years for 1990-1991.
UN5GRD02
The percentage of children starting primary school who eventually attain grade 5 (grade 4 if the duration of primary school is four years). The estimates are based on the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years for 2001-02.
UNEEXP90
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 1990. See education levels.
UNEEXP02
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 2002. See education levels.
UNPREX90
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 1990. See education levels.
UNPREX02
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 2002. See education levels.
UNSDEX90
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 1990. See education levels.
UNSDEX02
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 2002. See education levels.
UNTREX90
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 1990. See education levels.
UNTREX02
Includes both capital expenditures (spending on construction, renovation, major repairs and purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles) and current expenditures (spending on goods and services that are consumed within the current year and would need to be renewed the following year). It covers such expenditures as staff salaries and benefits, contracted or purchased services, books and teaching materials, welfare services, furniture and equipment, minor repairs, fuel, insurance, rents, telecommunications and travel for 2002. See education levels.
UNEDINDX
One of the three indices on which the human development index is built. It is based on GDP per capita (PPP US$). For details on how the index is calculated, see Technical note 1.
UNENROLL
The number of students enrolled in a level of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. The gross enrollment ratio can be greater than 100% as a result of grade repetition and entry at ages younger or older than the typical age at that grade level.
See GDP (gross domestic product) and PPP (purchasing power parity). For 2002/2003
UNROLLFE
For 2002/03. The number of females enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for the three levels. The gross enrollment ratio can be greater than 100% as a result of grade repetition and entry at ages younger or older than the typical age at that grade level. See education levels and enrollment ratio, gross.
UNROLLMA
For 2002/03. The number of students enrolled in primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for the three levels. See education levels and enrollment ratio, gross.
UNFETERT
For 2002-03. The number of students enrolled in a level of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. The gross enrollment ratio can be greater than 100% as a result of grade repetition and entry at ages younger or older than the typical age at that grade level. See education levels.
UNTERF2M
Measures gender inequality in education. The number of students enrolled in a level of education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. The gross enrollment ratio can be greater than 100% as a result of grade repetition and entry at ages younger or older than the typical age at that grade level. See education levels.
UNPRRO91
For 1990/91. The number of students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNPRRO03
For 2002/03. The number of students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNFEPRIM
The number of female students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNFVMPRI
For 2002/2003. Gender inequality in education. The number of students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNSERO91
For 1990/91. Literacy and enrollment. The number of students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNSERO03
For 2002/2003. Literacy and enrollment. The number of students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNFESECD
For 2002/2003. Gender inequality in education. The number of females enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNFVMSEC
For 2002/03. Gender inequality in education. The number of students enrolled in a level of education who are of official school age for that level, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. See education levels.
UNILLRAT
For 2003. Calculated as 100 minus the adult literacy rate. See literacy rate, adult.
UNFADLIT
For 2003. Gender-related development index. The percentage of females ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life.
UNFMALIT
For 2003. The percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life. Percentage of female as compared to percentage of male rate
UNMADLIT
For 2003. Gender-related development index. The percentage of males ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life.
UNYLIT90
For 1990. Literacy and enrollment. The percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life.
UNYLIT03
For 2003. Literacy and enrollment. The percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life.
UNFYOLIT
For 2003. Gender inequality in education. The percentage of females ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life.
UNFMYLIT
For 2003. Attempts to identify gender inequality in education. The percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement related to their everyday life. Percentage of literate females as compared to percentage of literate males
UNRESCHR
For 1990-2003. People trained to work in any field of science who are engaged in professional research and development (R&D) activity. Most such jobs require the completion of tertiary education.
UNSCIMTH
For 1998-2003. Literacy and enrollment. The share of tertiary students enrolled in natural sciences; engineering; mathematics and computer sciences; architecture and town planning; transport and communications; trade, craft and industrial programs; and agriculture, forestry and fisheries. See education levels.
UNB_ATT
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%), 1995-2003.
UNCEL90
Cellular subscribers (per 1,000 people) 1990 (also referred to as cellular mobile subscribers). Subscribers to an automatic public mobile telephone service that provides access to the public switched telephone network using cellular technology. Systems can be analogue or digital.
UNCEL03
Cellular subscribers (per 1,000 people) 2003 (also referred to as cellular mobile subscribers). Subscribers to an automatic public mobile telephone service that provides access to the public switched telephone network using cellular technology. Systems can be analogue or digital.
UNROYAL
Receipts of royalties and license fees (US$ per person) 2003. Receipts by residents from non-residents for the authorized use of intangible, non-produced, non-financial assets and proprietary rights (such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, franchises and industrial processes) and for the use, through licensing agreements, of produced originals of prototypes (such as films and manuscripts). Data are based on the balance of payments.
UNR_D
Research and development (R&D) expenditures (as % of GDP), 1997-2002 Current and capital expenditures (including overhead) on creative, systematic activity intended to increase the stock of knowledge. Included are fundamental and applied research and experimental development work leading to new devices, products or processes.
UNR_D2
Researchers in R&D (per million people), 1990-2003. People trained to work in any field of science who are engaged in professional research and development (R&D) activity. Most such jobs require the completion of tertiary education.
UNCONDF
Condom use at last high-risk sex (% ages 15-24), women. Women who say they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex with such a partner in the last 12 months.
UNCONDM
Condom use at last high-risk sex (% ages 15-24), men. Men who say they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex with such a partner in the last 12 months.
UNE_CAR
Ratification of environmental treaties: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
UNE_FRM
Ratification of environmental treaties: Framework Convention on climate change.
UNE_KYO
Ratification of environmental treaties: Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change.
UNE_BIO
Ratification of environmental treaties: Convention on Biological Diversity.
UNTFR70
Total fertility rate (births per woman). The number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates, in 1970.
UNTFR00
Total fertility rate (births per woman). The number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates, in 2000.
UNI_TUB
One-year-olds fully immunized against tuberculosis (%)
UNI_MEA
One-year-olds fully immunized against measles (%)
UNLIFEX
Life expectancy at birth (years) (HDI).
UNLIFEI
Life expectancy index. One of the three indices on which the human development index is built. It is based on the adult literacy rate and the combined gross enrollment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary schools. For details on how the index is calculated, see Technical note 1.
UNLIF_F
Life expectancy at birth, female (years). The number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth were to stay the same throughout the child's life.
UNLIF_M
Life expectancy at birth, male (years). The number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth were to stay the same throughout the child's life.
UNMALAR
Malaria cases (per 100,000 people). The total number of malaria cases reported to the World Health Organization by countries in which malaria is endemic. Many countries report only laboratory-confirmed cases, but many in Sub-Saharan Africa report clinically diagnosed cases as well.
UNCH_BE
Children under age 5 with insecticide-treated bed nets (%). The percentage of children under age five sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets.
UNCH_MA
Children under age 5 with fever treated with anti-malarial drugs (%). The percentage of children under five who were ill with fever in the two weeks before the survey and received anti-malarial drugs.
UNTUB_R
Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people). The total number of tuberculosis cases reported to the World Health Organization. A tuberculosis case is defined as a patient in whom tuberculosis has been bacteriologically confirmed or diagnosed by a clinician.
UNTUB_D
Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS (%). The percentage of estimated new infectious tuberculosis cases detected (diagnosed in a given period) under the directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) case detection and treatment strategy.
UNTUB_C
Tuberculosis cases cured under DOTS (%). The percentage of estimated new infectious tuberculosis cases cured under the directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) case detection and treatment strategy.
UNSMOKF
Prevalence of smoking (% of adults), women. The percentage of men and women who smoke cigarettes.
UNSMOKM
Prevalence of smoking (% of adults), men. The percentage of men and women who smoke cigarettes.
UNO_DTO
Net official development assistance (ODA) disbursed, total (US$ millions). Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNO_DG9
Net official development assistance (ODA) disbursed, as % of GNI. Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNO_DG3
Net official development assistance (ODA) disbursed, as % of GNI. Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNO_DC9
Official development assistance (ODA) per capita of donor country (2002 US$). Official development assistance granted by a specific country divided by this country’s total population. See official development assistance.
UNO_DC3
Official development assistance (ODA) per capita of donor country (2002 US$). Official development assistance granted by a specific country divided by this country’s total population. See official development assistance.
UNO_DL9
Official development assistance (ODA) to least developed countries (% of total). See official development assistance (ODA), net and country classifications for least developed countries.
UNO_DL3
Official development assistance (ODA) to least developed countries (% of total). See official development assistance (ODA), net and country classifications for least developed countries.
UNO_DB6
Official development assistance (ODA) to basic social services (% of total). ODA directed to basic social services, which include basic education (primary education, early childhood education and basic life skills for youth and adults), basic health (including basic health care, basic health infrastructure, basic nutrition, infectious disease control, health education and health personnel development) and population policies and programs and reproductive health (population policy and administrative management, reproductive health care, family planning, control of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, and personnel development for population and reproductive health). Aid to water supply and sanitation is included only if it has a poverty focus.
UNO_DB2
Official development assistance (ODA) to basic social services (% of total). ODA directed to basic social services, which include basic education (primary education, early childhood education and basic life skills for youth and adults), basic health (including basic health care, basic health infrastructure, basic nutrition, infectious disease control, health education and health personnel development) and population policies and programes and reproductive health (population policy and administrative management, reproductive health care, family planning, control of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, and personnel development for population and reproductive health). Aid to water supply and sanitation is included only if it has a poverty focus.
UNO_DU9
Untied bilateral ODA (% of total). ODA for which the associated goods and services may be fully and freely procured in substantially all countries and that is given by one country to another.
UNO_DU3
Untied bilateral ODA (% of total). ODA for which the associated goods and services may be fully and freely procured in substantially all countries and that is given by one country to another.
UNO_RTO
Official development assistance (ODA) received (net disbursements) Total (US$ millions). Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNO_RC3
Official development assistance (ODA) received (net disbursements) Per capita (US$). Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNO_RG9
Official development assistance (ODA) received (net disbursements) (as % of GDP). Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNO_RG3
Official development assistance (ODA) received (net disbursements) (as % of GDP). Disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in part I of the DAC list of aid recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25% (calculated at a rate of discount of 10%).
UNDBTG9
Total debt service (as % of Gross domestic product). The sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods or services on long-term debt (having a maturity of more than one year), interest paid on short-term debt and repayments to the International Monetary Fund.
UNDBTG3
Total debt service (as % of grossdomestic product). The sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods or services on long-term debt (having a maturity of more than one year), interest paid on short-term debt and repayments to the International Monetary Fund.
UNDBTX9
Total debt service (as % exports of goods, services and net income from abroad). The sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods or services on long-term debt (having a maturity of more than one year), interest paid on short-term debt and repayments to the International Monetary Fund.
UNDBTX3
Total debt service (as % exports of goods, services and net income from abroad). The sum of principal repayments and interest actually paid in foreign currency, goods or services on long-term debt (having a maturity of more than one year), interest paid on short-term debt and repayments to the International Monetary Fund.
UNORAL
Children with diarrhea receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding (% under age 5).
UNPHYSI
Physicians (per 100,000 people)
UNPOP75
Total population (millions). Refers to the de facto population that includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNPOP03
Total population (millions). Refers to the de facto population which includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNPOP15
Total population (millions). Refers to the de facto population which includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNP_G75
Annual population growth rate (%). Refers to the average annual exponential growth rate for the period indicated. See population, total.
UNP_G03
Annual population growth rate (%). Refers to the average annual exponential growth rate for the period indicated. See population, total.
UNP_U75
Urban population (% of total). The mid-year population of areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country, as reported to the United Nations. See population, total.
UNP_U03
Urban population (% of total). The mid-year population of areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country, as reported to the United Nations. See population, total.
UNP_U15
Urban population (% of total). The mid-year population of areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country, as reported to the United Nations. See population, total.
UNP1503
Population under age 15 (% of total). Refers to the de facto population which includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNP1515
Population under age 15 (% of total). Refers to the de facto population which includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNP6503
Population age 65 and above (% of total). Refers to the de facto population which includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNP6515
Population age 65 and above (% of total). Refers to the de facto population which includes all people actually present in a given area at a given time.
UNSAN90
Population with sustainable access to improved sanitation (%). Current and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and non-governmental organizations) and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Together with private health expenditure, it makes up total health expenditure. See health expenditure per capita (purchasing power parity US$) and health expenditure, private.
UNSAN02
Population with sustainable access to improved sanitation (%). Current and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations) and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Together with private health expenditure, it makes up total health expenditure. See health expenditure per capita (PPP US$) and health expenditure, private.
UNWAT90
Population with sustainable access to an improved water source (%). One-year-olds injected with an antigen or a serum containing specific antibodies against measles or tuberculosis.
UNWAT02
Population with sustainable access to an improved water source (%). One-year-olds injected with an antigen or a serum containing specific antibodies against measles or tuberculosis.
UNNR_90
Population undernourished (% total)
UNNR_00
Population undernourished (% total)
UNWEIGH
Children underweight for age (% under age 5). Includes moderate underweight, defined as more than two standard deviations below the median weight for age of the reference population, and severe underweight, defined as more than three standard deviations below the median weight.
UNHEIGH
Children under height for age (% under age 5). The percentage of deliveries attended by personnel (including doctors, nurses and midwives) trained to give the necessary care, supervision and advice to women during pregnancy, labor and the postpartum period, to conduct deliveries on their own and to care for newborns.
UNB_WEI
Percentage of infants with low birthweight, 1998-2003
UNFPARL
Seats in parliament held by women (% of total). Refers to seats held by women in a lower or single house or an upper house or senate, where relevant.
UNFLEGI
Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total). Women’s share of positions defined according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) to include legislators, senior government officials, traditional chiefs and heads of villages, senior officials of special interest organizations, corporate managers, directors and chief executives, production and operations department managers and other department and general managers. (Most recent year available during the period 1992-2003.)
UNFPRO
Female professional and technical workers (% of total). Women’s share of positions defined according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) to include physical, mathematical and engineering science professionals (and associate professionals), life science and health professionals (and associate professionals), teaching professionals (and associate professionals) and other professionals and associate professionals. (Most recent year available during the period 1992-2003.)
UNFVOTE
Year women received right to vote.
UNFSTAN
Year women received right to stand for election.
UNFE_A
Year first woman elected (E) or appointed (A) to parliament.
UNFMIN
Women in government at ministerial level (as % of total). Defined according to each state’s definition of a national executive and may include women serving as ministers and vice ministers and those holding other ministerial positions, including parliamentary secretaries.
UNFPAR9
Seats in lower house or single house held by women (as % of total). Refers to seats held by women in a lower or single house or an upper house or senate, where relevant in 1999.
UNFPAR5
Seats in lower house or single house held by women (as % of total). Refers to seats held by women in a lower or single house or an upper house or senate, where relevant in 2005.
UNFPAU5
Seats in upper house or senate held by women (as % of total). Refers to seats held by women in a lower or single house or an upper house or senate, where relevant in 2005UNIMR70
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births). The probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age, expressed per 1,000 live births in 1970.
UNIMR03
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births). The probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age, expressed per 1,000 live births in 2003.
UNUMR70
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births). The probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births in 1970.
UNUMR03
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births). The probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births in 2003.
UNS_65F
Probability at birth of surviving to age 65, female (% of cohort). The probability of a newborn infant surviving to a specified age if subject to prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates.
UNS_65M
Probability at birth of surviving to age 65, male (% of cohort). The probability of a newborn infant surviving to a specified age if subject to prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates.

UNMMRR
Maternal mortality ratio reported (per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio as reported by national authorities. See maternal mortality ratio.
UNMMRA
Maternal mortality ratio adjusted (per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio adjusted to account for well-documented problems of underreporting and misclassification of maternal deaths, as well as estimates for countries with no data. See maternal mortality ratio.
UNDISPL
Internally displaced people (thousands). People who are displaced within their own country and to whom the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) extends protection or assistance, or both, generally pursuant to a special request by a competent organ of the United Nations.
UNREF_A
Refugees by country of asylum (thousands). People who have fled their country because of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group and who cannot or do not want to return. Country of asylum is the country in which a refugee has filed a claim of asylum but has not yet received a decision or is otherwise registered as an asylum seeker. Country of origin refers to the claimant’s nationality or country of citizenship.
UNREF_O
Refugees by country of origin (thousands). People who have fled their country because of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group and who cannot or do not want to return. Country of asylum is the country in which a refugee has filed a claim of asylum but has not yet received a decision or is otherwise registered as an asylum seeker. Country of origin refers to the claimant’s nationality or country of citizenship.