The Ethno-Linguistic Situation in the Parishes of U.S. Orthodox Christian Churches

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The goal of this study and survey was to assess the usage of various languages and the strength of the ethnic culture in U.S. Orthodox parishes. This survey includes parishes from different parts of the United States and from various Orthodox jurisdictions.

Data File
Cases: 1,900
Variables: 6
Weight Variable: None
Data Collection
Date Collected: Fall 2011
Original Survey (Instrument)
Original Questionnaire
Funded By
This study was conducted under auspices of the Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of the United States--a religious organization that unites the bishops representing the following Orthodox Church jurisdictions (denominations): Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America; American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese; Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America; Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese of the USA and Canada; Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America; Orthodox Church in America; Parishes of the Georgian Orthodox Church; Romanian Orthodox Archdiocese in the Americas; Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia; Russian Orthodox Church in the USA; Serbian Orthodox Church in North America; Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA.
Collection Procedures
The questionnaires were completed by the clergy in each parish. In the case of “mission communities” without permanent resident clergy, the answers to the questions were provided either by the visiting priests serving in these communities or by the lay leaders (parish council presidents, etc.) of these mission parishes.

To assure highest possible response rate the following four-step data collection process was used:
1. Questionnaires were sent to the diocesan administrations (judicatories) with request to survey their respective parishes and provide collected information to investigator.
2. Questionnaires were emailed to the individual parishes that did not provide requested information in the stage #1.
3. Hard copy questionnaires with prepaid return envelopes were mailed to the individual parishes that did not provide requested information in the stages #1 and #2.
4. Phone calls were made to the parishes that did not provide requested information in the stages #1, #2 and #3.
Sampling Procedures
There was no sampling procedure, because the goal was to survey all Orthodox parishes (congregations) which belong to the twelve Orthodox jurisdictions in the Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of the United States. The data were received from 1,874 out of 1,900 parishes (98.6% response rate).
Principal Investigators
Alexei Krindatch, Research Director, Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Institute, Berkeley, CA
Related Publications
Survey data were used in several publicly available reports. Examples include the following:

"Usage of English Language, Ethnic Identity and Ethnic Culture in American Orthodox Christian Churches."
"Five Interesting Facts about Orthodox Church Geography and Demography in the U.S."
"Fast Questions and Fast Answers about U.S. Orthodox Churches."

These reports are available at: The Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of the United States of America

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