General Social Survey, 1996

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Summary


The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. Items on religion include religious preference, church attendance, beliefs about the Bible, attitudes toward organized religion and its opponents, and more. In addition, it contains a special module examining respondents' images of God. The survey also contains topical modules on national identity, the role of government, and mental health.

Data File
Cases: 2,904
Variables: 1,051
Weight Variable: 1048 (FORMWT), 1051 (OVERSAMP)
Data Collection
Date Collected: Spring 1996
Funded By
National Science Foundation
Collection Procedures
Survey data were taken through personal interviews.
Sampling Procedures
The 1996 GSS is a national probability sample that follows a biennial, double sample design adopted in 1994 (this biennial, split-sample design was instituted, consisting of two parallel subsamples of approximately 1,500 cases each, with identical cores and different topical ISSP modules; in effect, the two samples can be viewed as representing the traditional GSS for two consecutive years, although they are fielded together). Full probability sampling was employed in 1998 for all noninstitutionalized English-speaking persons eighteen years of age or older, living in the United States.
Principal Investigators
James A. Davis
Tom W. Smith
GSS Sampling
The national sample uses a variation of the stratified probability proportional to size (PPS) method. First, the nation is divided into clusters, called primary sampling units (PSUs). PSUs are based on counties; the total number of households in each county, as reported by the most recent census....Each metropolitan county is regarded as a PSU, as are many nonmetropolitan counties. Sparsely populated rural counties are merged into adjacent county units to obtain a minimum of 2,000 housing units.


Since NORC samples are based on 100 PSUs, the total number of housing units for a year is divided by 100 to yield a sampling interval (some PSUs have total numbers of housing units exceeding the sampling interval, making it impossible for them not to be included in a sample, see Tourangeau, Johnson, Qian, and Shin, 1993 for further discussion on how these PSUs are treated). Each PSU is assigned a number range based on its total number of housing units. Then a random number is selected, and the first PSU selected is the one within whose range the random number falls. Additional PSUs are selected by adding the sample interval to the initial random number on a cumulative basis.


Once the 100 PSUs are selected, block segments consisting of linked groups of one or more geographically contiguous census blocs are also selected. Segment selections were made using PPS methods on the basis of the total number of housing units in the PPS relative to the national total. (Taken from, Stark and Roberts, 1998 "Contemporary Research Social Research Methods" Bellevue, WA: MicroCase Corporation.)
Note 1: Note 1: 1980 Occupation Codes and Prestige Scores
OCC PRE PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL, AND KINDRED WORKERS
001 57 Accountants
002 71 Architects
Computer specialists
003 51 Computer programmers
004 51 Computer systems analysts, n.e.c
005 51 Computer specialists, n.e.c
Engineers
006 71 Aeronautical and astronautical engineers
010 67 Chemical engineers
011 68 Civil engineers
012 69 Electrical and electronic engineers
013 54 Industrial engineers
014 62 Mechanical engineers
015 56 Metallurgical and materials engineers
020 62 Mining engineers
021 67 Petroleum engineers
022 51 Sales engineers
023 67 Engineers, n.e.c
024 54 Farm management advisors
025 54 Foresters and conservationists
026 54 Home management advisers
Lawyers and judges
030 76 Judges
031 76 Lawyers
Librarians, archivists, and curators
032 55 Librarians
033 66 Archivists and curators
Mathematical specialists
034 55 Actuaries
035 65 Mathematicians
036 55 Statisticians
Life and Physical scientists
042 56 Agricultural scientists
043 68 Atmospheric and space scientists
044 68 Biological scientists
045 69 Chemists
051 67 Geologists
052 68 Marine scientists
053 74 Physicists and astronomers
054 68 Life and Physical scientist, n.e.c
055 51 Operations and systems researchers and analysts
056 56 Personnel and labor relations workers
Physicians, dentists, and related practitioners
061 60 Chiropractors
062 74 Dentists
063 62 Optometrists
064 61 Pharmacists
065 82 Physicians, including osteopaths
071 37 Podiatrists
072 60 Veterinarians
073 52 Health practitioners, n.e.c
Nurses, dieticians, and therapists
074 52 Dieticians
075 62 Registered nurses
076 37 Therapists
Health technologists and technicians
080 61 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians
081 61 Dental hygienists
082 61 Health record technologists and technicians
083 61 Radiologic technologists and technicians
084 37 Therapy assistants
085 47 Health technologists and technicians, n.e.c
Religious workers
086 69 Clergymen
090 56 Religious workers
Social scientists
091 57 Economists
092 66 Political scientists
093 71 Psychologists
094 66 Sociologists
095 66 Urban and regional planners
096 66 Social scientists, n.e.c
Social and recreation workers
100 52 Social workers
101 49 Recreation workers
Teachers, college and university
102 78 Agriculture teachers
103 78 Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space teachers
104 78 Biology teachers
105 78 Chemistry teachers
110 78 Physics teachers
111 78 Engineering teachers
112 78 Mathematics teachers
113 78 Health specialists teachers
114 78 Psychology teachers
115 78 Business and commerce teachers
116 78 Economics teachers
120 78 History teachers
121 78 Sociology teachers
122 78 Social science teachers, n.e.c
123 78 Art, drama, and music teachers
124 78 Coaches and physical education teachers
125 78 Education teachers
126 78 English teachers
130 78 Foreign language teachers
131 78 Home economics teachers
132 78 Law teachers
133 78 Theology teachers
134 78 Trade, industrial and technical teachers
135 78 Miscellaneous teachers, college and university
140 78 Teachers, college and university, subject not specified
Teachers, except college and university
141 43 Adult education teachers
142 60 Elementary school teachers
143 60 Pre-kindergarten and kindergarten teachers
144 63 Secondary school teachers
145 43 Teachers, except college and university, n.e.c
Engineering and science technicians
150 47 Agriculture and biological technicians, except health
151 47 Chemical technicians
152 56 Draftsmen
153 47 Electrical and electronic engineering technicians
154 47 Industrial engineering technicians
155 47 Mechanical engineering technicians
156 47 Mathematical technicians
161 53 Surveyors
162 47 Engineering and science technicians, n.e.c
Technicians, except health, engineering and science
163 70 Airplane pilots
164 43 Air traffic controllers
165 52 Embalmers
170 47 Flight engineers
171 43 Radio operators
172 47 Tool programmers, numerical control
173 47 Technicians, n.e.c
174 51 Vocational and educational counselors
Writers, artists, and entertainers
175 55 Actors
180 51 Athletes and kindred workers
181 60 Authors
182 38 Dancers
183 58 Designers
184 51 Editors and reporters
185 46 Musicians and composers
190 56 Painters and sculptors
191 41 Photographers
192 57 Public relations men and publicity writers
193 51 Radio and television announcers
194 51 Writers, artists, and entertainers, n.e.c
195 51 Research workers, not specified
196 51 Professional, technical, and kindred workers-allocated

OCC PRE MANAGERS AND ADMINISTRATORS, EXCEPT FARM
201 61 Assessors, controllers, and treasurers, local public
administrators
202 72 Bank officers and financial managers
203 41 Buyers and shippers, farm products
205 50 Buyers, wholesale and retail trade
210 49 Credit Men
211 52 Funeral directors
212 61 Health administrators
213 41 Construction inspectors, public administration
215 41 Inspectors, except construction, public administration
216 38 Managers and superintendents, building
220 50 Office managers, n.e.c
221 60 Officers, pilots, and pursers; ship
222 61 Officials and administrators; public administration, n.e.c.
223 58 Officials of lodges, societies, and unions
224 58 Postmasters and mail superintendents
225 48 Purchasing agents and buyers, n.e.c
226 41 Railroad conductors
230 39 Restaurant, cafeteria and bar managers
231 50 Sales managers and department heads, retail trade
233 50 Sales managers, except retail trade
235 61 School administrators, college
240 60 School administrators, elementary and secondary
245 50 Managers and administrators, n.e.c
246 50 Managers and administrators, except farm-allocated

OCC PRE SALES WORKERS
260 42 Advertising agents and salesmen
261 32 Auctioneers
262 28 Demonstrators
264 18 Hucksters and peddlers
265 47 Insurance agents, brokers, and underwriters
266 15 Newsboys
270 44 Real estate agents and brokers
271 51 Stock and bond salesmen
280 34 Salesmen and sales clerks, n.e.c
281 49 Sales representatives, manufacturing industries
282 40 Sales representatives, wholesale trade
283 29 Sales clerks, retail trade
284 29 Salesmen, retail trade
285 34 Salesmen of services and construction
296 34 Sales workers-allocated

OCC PRE CLERICAL AND KINDRED WORKERS
301 50 Bank tellers
303 45 Billing clerks
305 48 Bookkeepers
310 31 Cashiers
311 36 Clerical assistants, social welfare
312 36 Clerical supervisors, n.e.c
313 26 Collectors, bill and account
314 36 Counter clerks, except food
315 34 Dispatchers and starters, vehicle
320 36 Enumerators and interviewers
321 36 Estimators and investigators, n.e.c
323 36 Expeditors and production controllers
325 30 File clerks
326 48 Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators
330 41 Library attendants and assistants
331 42 Mail carriers, post office
332 36 Mailhandlers, except post office
333 19 Messengers and office boys
334 36 Meter readers, utilities
Office machine operators
341 45 Bookkeeping and billing machine operators
342 45 Calculating machine operators
343 45 Computer and peripheral equipment operators
344 45 Duplicating machine operators
345 45 Keypunch operators
350 45 Tabulating machine operators
355 45 Office machine operators, n.e.c
360 41 Payroll and timekeeping clerks
361 43 Postal clerks
362 36 Proofreaders
363 43 Real estate appraisers
364 39 Receptionists
Secretaries
370 46 Secretaries, legal
371 46 Secretaries, medical
372 46 Secretaries, n.e.c
374 29 Shipping and receiving clerks
375 36 Statistical clerks
376 43 Stenographers
381 23 Stock clerks and storekeepers
382 36 Teacher aides, except school monitors
383 30 Telegraph messengers
385 40 Telegraph operators
390 35 Ticket, station, and express agents
391 41 Typists
392 36 Weighers
394 36 Miscellaneous clerical workers
395 36 Not specified clerical workers
396 36 Clerical and kindred workers-allocated

OCC PRE CRAFTSMEN AND KINDRED WORKERS
401 47 Automobile accessories installers
402 34 Bakers
403 36 Blacksmiths
404 31 Boilermakers
405 31 Bookbinders
410 36 Brickmasons and stonemasons
411 36 Brickmasons and stonemasons, apprentices
412 33 Bulldozer operators
413 39 Cabinetmakers
415 40 Carpenters
416 40 Carpenter apprentices
420 47 Carpet installers
421 32 Cement and concrete finishers
422 38 Compositors and typesetters
423 40 Printing trades apprentices, except pressmen
424 39 Cranemen, derrickmen, and hoistmen
425 37 Decorators and window dressers
426 47 Dental laboratory technicians
430 49 Electricians
431 41 Electrician apprentices
433 39 Electric power linemen and cablemen
434 38 Electrotypers and stereotypers
435 41 Engravers, except photoengravers
Excavating, grading and road machine operators,
436 33 except bulldozer
440 40 Floor layers, except tile setters
441 45 Foremen, n.e.c
442 36 Forgemen and hammermen
443 29 Furniture and wood finishers
444 35 Furriers
445 26 Glaziers
446 36 Heat treaters, annealers, and temperers
450 31 Inspectors, scalers, and graders: log and lumber
452 31 Inspectors, n.e.c
453 37 Jewelers and watchmakers
454 48 Job and die setters, metal
455 51 Locomotive engineers
456 36 Locomotive firemen
461 48 Machinists
462 41 Machinist apprentices
Mechanics and repairmen
470 37 Air conditioning, heating and refrigeration
471 48 Aircraft
472 37 Automobile body repairmen
473 37 Automobile mechanics
474 37 Automobile mechanic apprentices
475 34 Data processing machine repairmen
480 33 Farm implements
481 33 Heavy equipment mechanics, including diesel
Household appliance and accessory installers
482 33 and mechanics
483 30 Loom fixers
484 34 Office machines
485 35 Radio and television
486 37 Railroad and car shop
491 41 Mechanic, except auto, apprentices
492 35 Miscellaneous mechanics and repairmen
495 35 Not specified mechanics and repairmen
501 25 Millers; grain, flour, and feed
502 40 Millwrights
503 39 Molders, metal
504 39 Molder, apprentices
506 51 Opticians, and lens grinders and polishers
510 30 Painters, construction and maintenance
511 30 Painter apprentices
512 24 Paperhangers
514 39 Pattern and model makers, except paper
515 40 Photoengravers and lithographers
516 32 Piano and organ tuners and repairmen
520 33 Plasterers
521 33 Plasterer apprentices
522 41 Plumber and pipe fitters
523 41 Plumber and pipe fitter apprentices
525 39 Power station operators
530 40 Pressmen and plate printers, printing
531 40 Pressmen and apprentices
533 36 Rollers and finishers, metal
534 31 Roofers and slaters
535 37 Sheetmetal workers and tinsmiths
536 37 Sheet metal apprentices
540 36 Shipfitters
542 33 Shoe repairmen
543 30 Sign painters and letterers
545 35 Stationary engineers
546 33 Stone cutters and stone carvers
550 36 Structural metal craftsmen
551 41 Tailors
552 39 Telephone installers and repairmen
554 39 Telephone linemen and splicers
560 36 Tile setters
561 42 Tool and die makers
562 41 Tool and die maker apprentices
563 30 Upholsters
571 41 Specified craft apprentices, n.e.c
572 41 Not specified apprentices
575 47 Craftsmen and kindred workers, n.e.c
580 47 Former members of the Armed Forces
575 47 Craftsmen and kindred workers, n.e.c
590 47 Current members of the Armed Forces
601 28 Asbestos and insulation workers
602 27 Assemblers
603 32 Blasters and powdermen
604 23 Bottling and canning operatives
605 39 Chainmen, rodmen, and axmen; surveying
610 36 Checkers, examiners, and inspectors; manufacturing
611 18 Clothing ironers and pressers
612 26 Cutting operatives, n.e.c
613 32 Dressmakers and seamstresses, except factory
614 27 Drillers, earth
615 27 Dry wall installers and lathers
620 25 Dyers
621 19 Filers, polishers, sanders, and buffers
622 33 Furnacemen, smeltermen, and pourers
623 22 Garage workers and gas station attendants
624 33 Graders and sorters, manufacturing
Produce graders and packers, except factory and
625 19 farm
626 33 Heaters, metal
630 18 Laundry and dry cleaning operatives, n.e.c
631 32 Meat cutters and butchers, except manufacturing
633 28 Meat cutters and butchers, manufacturing
634 19 Meat wrappers, retail trade
635 29 Metal platers
636 33 Milliners
640 26 Mine operatives, n.e.c
641 29 Mixing operatives
642 24 Oilers and greasers, except auto
643 19 Packers and wrappers, n.e.c
644 29 Painters, manufactured articles
645 36 Photographic process workers
Precision machine operatives
650 29 Drill press operatives
651 29 Grinding machine operatives
652 29 Lathe and milling machine operatives
653 29 Precision machine operatives, n.e.c
656 29 Punch and stamping press operatives
660 29 Riveters and fasteners
661 34 Sailors and deckhands
662 28 Sawyers
663 25 Sewers and stitchers
664 32 Shoemaking machine operatives
665 29 Solderers
666 33 Stationary firemen
Textile operatives
670 29 Carding, lapping, and combing operatives
671 29 Knitters, loopers, and toppers
672 25 Spinners, twisters, and winders
673 25 Weavers
674 29 Textile operatives, n.e.c
680 40 Welders and flame-cutters
681 29 Winding operatives, n.e.c
690 32 Machine operatives, miscellaneous specified
692 32 Machine operatives, not specified
694 32 Miscellaneous operatives
695 32 Not specified operatives
696 32 Operatives, except transport-allocated

OCC PRE TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT OPERATIVES
701 37 Boatmen and canalmen
703 32 Bus drivers
704 28 Conductors and motormen, urban rail transit
705 28 Deliverymen and routemen
706 29 Fork lift and tow motor operatives
710 27 Motormen; mine, factory, logging camp, etc
711 22 Parking attendants
712 35 Railroad brakemen
713 33 Railroad switchmen
714 22 Taxicab drivers and chauffeurs
715 32 Truck drivers
726 29 Transport equipment operatives-allocated

OCC PRE LABORERS, EXCEPT FARM
740 29 Animal caretakers, except farm
750 23 Carpenters' helpers
751 17 Construction laborers, except carpenters' helpers
752 30 Fishermen and oystermen
753 17 Freight and material handlers
754 17 Garbage collectors
755 23 Gardeners and groundkeepers, except farm
760 24 Longshoremen and stevedores
761 26 Lumbermen, raftsmen, and woodchoppers
762 17 Stockhandlers
763 12 Teamsters
764 17 Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners
770 20 Warehousemen, n.e.c
780 17 Miscellaneous labors
785 17 Not specified laborers
796 17 Laborers, except farm-allocated

OCC PRE FARMERS AND FARM MANAGERS
801 41 Farmers (owners and tenants)
802 44 Farm managers
806 41 Farmers and farm managers-allocated

OCC PRE FARMERS LABORERS AND FARM FOREMEN
821 35 Farm foremen
822 18 Farm laborers, wage workers
823 18 Farm laborers, unpaid family workers
824 27 Farm service laborers, self-employed
846 19 Farm laborers, farm foremen, and kindred workers-allocated

OCC PRE SERVICE WORKERS, EXCEPT PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD
Cleaning service workers
901 14 Chambermaids and maids, except private household
902 12 Cleaners and charwomen
903 16 Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
910 20 Bartenders
911 22 Busboys
912 26 Cooks, except private household
913 22 Dishwashers
914 15 Food counters and fountain workers
915 20 Waiters
916 22 Food service workers, n.e.c. except private household
Health service workers
921 48 Dental assistants
922 48 Health aides, except nursing
923 36 Health trainees
924 23 Midwives
925 36 Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants
926 42 Practical nurses
Personal service workers
931 36 Airline stewardesses
932 15 Attendants, recreation and amusement
933 14 Attendants, personal service, n.e.c
934 14 Baggage porters and bell hops
935 38 Barbers
940 22 Boarding and lodging housekeepers
941 09 Bootblacks
942 25 Child care workers, except private households
943 21 Elevator operators
944 33 Hairdressers and cosmetologists
945 14 Personal service apprentices
950 36 Housekeepers, except private households
952 22 School monitors
953 15 Ushers, recreation and amusement
954 14 Welfare service aides
Protective service workers
960 24 Crossing guards and bridge tenders
961 44 Firemen, fire protection
962 22 Guards and watchmen
963 46 Marshals and constables
964 48 Policemen and detectives
965 55 Sheriffs and bailiffs
976 25 Serrvice workers, except private household-allocated

OCC PRE PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD WORKERS
980 23 Child care workers, private household
981 18 Cooks, private household
982 25 Housekeepers, private household
983 18 Laundresses, private household
984 18 Maids and servants, private household
986 18 Private household workers-allocated
Note 2: 1980 Industrial Classification
IND AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES
A(017) Agricultural production
018 Agricultural services, except horticultural
019 Horticultural services
027 Forestry
028 Fisheries

IND MINING
047 Metal mining
048 Coal mining
049 Crude petroleum and natural gas extractions
057 Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel

IND CONSTRUCTION
067 General building contractors
068 General contractors, except building
B(069) Special trade contractors
077 Not specified construction

IND MANUFACTURING
Durable goods
Lumber and wood products, except furniture
107 Logging
108 Sawmills, planning mills, and mill work
109 Miscellaneous wood products
118 Furniture fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
119 Glass and glass products
127 Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
128 Structural clay products
137 Pottery and related products
138 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products
Metal industries
139 Blast furnaces, steel works, rolling and finishing mills
147 Other primary iron and steel industries
148 Primary aluminum industries
149 Other primary non ferrous industries
157 Cutlery, hand tools, and other hardware
158 Fabricated structural metal products
159 Screw machine products
167 Metal stamping
168 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
169 Not specified metal products
Machinery, except electrical
177 Engines and turbines
178 Farm machinery and equipment
179 Construction and material handling machines
187 Metalworking machinery
188 Office and accounting machines
189 Electronic computing equipment
197 Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c
198 Not specified machinery
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
199 Household appliances
207 Radio, T.V., and communication equipment
208 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c
209 Not specified electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
Transportation equipment
219 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment
227 Aircraft and parts
228 Ship and boat building and repairing
229 Railroad locomotives and equipment
237 Mobile dwellings and campers
238 Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches
239 Scientific and controlling instruments
247 Optical and health services supplies
248 Photographic equipment and supplies
249 Watches, clocks, and clockwork-operated devices
257 Not specified professional equipment
258 Ordinance
259 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
268 Meat products
269 Dairy products
278 Canning and preserving fruits, vegetables, and sea foods
279 Grain-mill products
287 Bakery projects
288 Confectionery and related products
289 Beverage industries
297 Miscellaneous food preparation and kindred products
298 Not specified food industries
299 Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
307 Knitting mills
308 Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wood and knit goods
309 Floor coverings, except hard surface
317 Yarn, thread, and fabric mills
381 Miscellaneous textile mill products
Apparel and other fabricated textile products
C(319) Apparel and accessories
327 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Paper and allied products
328 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
329 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products
337 Paperboard containers and boxes
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
338 Newspaper publishing and printing
Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except
339 newspapers
Chemicals and allied products
347 Industrial chemicals
348 Plastics, synthetics and resins, except fibers
349 Synthetic fibers
357 Drugs and medicines
358 Soaps and cosmetics
359 Paints, varnishes, and related products
367 Agricultural chemicals
368 Miscellaneous chemicals
369 Not specified chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
377 Petroleum refining
387 Miscellaneous plastic products
Leather and leather products . .
388 Tanned, curried, and finished leather
389 Footwear, except rubber
397 Leather products, except footwear
398 Not specified manufacturing industries

IND TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
Transportation
D(407) Railroads and railway express service
408 Street railways and bus lines
409 Taxicab service
417 Trucking service
418 Warehousing and storage
419 Water transportation
427 Air transportation
428 Pipe lines, except natural gas
429 Services incidental to transportation
Communications
447 Radio broadcasting and television
448 Telephone (wire and radio)
449 Telegraph and miscellaneous communication services
Utilities and sanitary services
467 Electric light and power
468 Electric-gas utilities
469 Gas and steam supply systems
477 Water supply
478 Sanitary services
479 Other and not specified utilities

IND WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
Wholesale trade
507 Motor vehicles and equipment
508 Drugs, chemicals, and allied products
509 Dry goods and apparel
527 Food and related products
528 Farm products-raw materials
529 Electrical goods
537 Hardware, plumbing, and heating supplies
538 Not specified electrical and hardware products
539 Machinery equipment and supplies
557 Metals and minerals, n.e.c
558 Petroleum products
559 Scrap and waste materials
567 Alcoholic beverages
568 Paper and its products
569 Lumber and construction materials
587 Wholesalers, n.e.c
588 Not specified wholesale trade
Retail trade
607 Lumber and building material retailing
608 Hardware and farm equipment stores
E(609) Department and mail order establishments
617 Limited price variety stores
618 Vending machine operators
619 Direct selling establishments
627 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores
F(628) Grocery stores
629 Dairy product stores
637 Retail bakeries
638 Food stores, n.e.c
639 Motor vehicle dealers
647 Tire, battery, and accessory dealers
648 Gasoline service stations
649 Miscellaneous vehicle dealers
657 Apparel and accessories stores, except shoe stores
658 Shoe stores
667 Furniture and home furnishing stores
668 Household appliances, TV, and radio stores
G(669) Eating and drinking places
677 Drug stores
678 Liquor stores
679 Farm and garden supply stores
687 Jewelry stores
688 Fuel and ice dealers
689 Retail florists
697 Miscellaneous retail stores
698 Not specified retail trade

IND FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
707 Banking
708 Credit agencies
709 Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies
717 Insurance
718 Real estate, incl. real estate-insurance-law offices

IND BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES
727 Advertising
728 Services to dwellings and other buildings
729 Commercial research, development, and testing labs
737 Employment and temporary help agencies
738 Business management and consulting services
739 Computer programming services
747 Detective and protective services
748 Business services, n.e.c
749 Automobile services, except repair
758 Electrical repair shops
759 Miscellaneous repair services

IND PERSONAL SERVICES
H(769) Private households
777 Hotels and motels
778 Lodging places, except hotels and motels
779 Laundering, cleaning, and other garment services
787 Beauty shops
788 Barber shops
789 Shoe repair shops
797 Dressmaking shops
798 Miscellaneous personal services

IND ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
807 Theaters and motion pictures
808 Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors
809 Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services

PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
828 Offices of physicians
829 Offices of dentists
837 Offices of chiropractors
J(838) Hospitals
839 Convalescent institutions
847 Offices of health practitioners, n.e.c
848 Health services, n.e.c
849 Legal services
K(857) Elementary and secondary schools
858 Colleges and universities
859 Libraries
867 Educational services, n.e.c
868 Not specified educational services
869 Museums, art galleries, and zoos
877 Religious organizations
878 Welfare services
879 Residential welfare facilities
887 Nonprofit membership organizations
888 Engineering and architectural services
889 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services
897 Miscellaneous professional and related services

IND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
907 Postal service
L(917) Federal public administration
927 State public administration
M(937)Local public administration
Note 3: NORC Size of Place
NORC SIZE

1 Within an SMSA and--a large central city (over 250,000)
2 a medium size central city (50,000 to 250,000)
3 a suburb of a large central city
4 a suburb of a medium size central city
5 an unincorporated area of a large central city (division, township, etc)
6 an unincorporated area of a medium central city
7 Not within an SMSA, (within a county) and--a small city (10,000 to 49,999)
8 a town or village (2,500 to 9,999)
9 an incorporated area less than 2,500 or an unincorporated area of 1,000 to 2,499
10 open country within larger civil divisions, eg, township, division
Note 4: SRC Belt Code
SRC BELT

1 Central city of 12 largest SMSAs
2 Central city of remainder of the 100 largest SMSAs
3 Suburbs of 12 largest SMSAs
4 Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest SMSAs
5 Other Urban (counties having towns of 10,000 or more)
6 Other rural (counties having no towns of 10,000 or more)
Note 5: Other Protestant Denominations
Protestant denominations distributions

Category name Value

Hungarian Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Evangelical Congregational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ind. Bible, Bible, Bible Fellowship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Eckankar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Church of Prophecy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
New Testament Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Church of God, Saint & Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Moravian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Christian & Missionary Alliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Advent Christian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Spiritualist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Assembly of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Free Methodist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Apostolic Faith. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
African Methodist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Free Will Baptist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Eden Evangelist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Holiness (Nazarene). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Baptist (Northern) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Brethren Church, Brethren. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Witness Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Brethren, Plymouth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
United Brethren, United Brethren in Christ . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Independent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Christian Disciples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Christ in Christian Union. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Open Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Christian Catholic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Christ Church Unity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Christ Adelphians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Christian; Central Christian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Christian Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Christian Scientist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Church of Christ, Evangelical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Church of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Churches of God (Except with Christ and Holiness). . . . . . . . 36
Church of God in Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Church of God in Christ Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Church of the Living God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Congregationalist, 1st Congreg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Community Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Covenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Dutch Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Disciples of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Evangelical, Evangelist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Evangelical Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Evangelist Free Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
First Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
First Christian Disciples of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
First Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
First Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Full Gospel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Four Square Gospel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Friends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Holy Roller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Holiness; Church of Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Pilgrim Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Jehovah's Witnesses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
LDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
LDS-Morman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
LDS-Reorganized. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
LDS-Jesus Christ; Church of Jesus LDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Mennonite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Mormon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Nazarene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Pentecostal Assembly of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Pentecostal Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Pentecostal Holiness, Holiness Pentecostal . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Quaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Reformed United Church of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Reformed Church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Religious Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Mind Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Salvation Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
7th Day Adventist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Sanctified, Sanctification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
United Holiness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Unitarian, Universalist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
United Church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
United Church, Unity Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Wesleyan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Wesleyan Methodist-Pilgrim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Zion Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Zion Union Apostolic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Zion Union Apostolic-Reformed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Disciples of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Grace Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Holiness Church of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Evangelical Convenant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Million Covenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Missionary Baptist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Swedish Mission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Unity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
United Church of Christianity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Other Fundamentalist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Federated Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
American Reform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Grace Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Christ in God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Charismatic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Pentecostal Apostolic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
House of Prayer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Latvian Lutheran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Triumph Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Apostolic Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Christ Cathedral of Truth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Bible Missionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Calvary Bible. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Amish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Evangelical Methodist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Worldwide Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Church Universal and Triumphant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Mennonite Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Church of the First Born . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Missionary Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
The Way Ministry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
United Church of Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Evangelical United Brethren. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
The Church of God of Prophecy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Chapel of Faith. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Polish National Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Faith Gospel Tabernacle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Christian Calvary Chapel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Camelite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Church of Daniel's Band. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Christian Tabernacle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Living Word. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
True Light church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Macedonia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Brother of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Primitive Baptist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Independent Fundamental Church of America. . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Chinese Gospel Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
New Age Spirituality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
New Song . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Apostolic Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Faith Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
People's Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
New Birth Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Unity School of Christianity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Assyrian Evangelish Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Don't know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 998
No Answer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999
Not Applicable (Not Protestant and Protestant
Denomination Given, and Not Married) . . . . . . . . . . .blank
Note 6: Reasons Why People Get Angry
Angry at Self:
1. Angry at self because of something he/she did
2. Angry at self -- other (not an action, but a characteristic, trait, or other negative state)

Angry at Another Person for What They Did to You:
3. Person kept you from doing what you wanted to do
4. Person inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take you into account (mostly minor), taking you for granted
5. Person critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some direct and overt action)
6. Person did something inherently bad to you (what is done is innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
7. Person demanded too much of you
8. Person failed to do something they were supposed to do
9. Other
10. Person's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or personal traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards R, cause anger (this anger must be directed at particular people, not, for example, at a broad ethnic or religious group)

Angry at Another Person for What They Did to Someone/Group you Cared about
13. Person kept other(s) from doing what they wanted to do
14. Person inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take other(s) into account (mostly minor), taking others for granted
15. Person critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some direct and overt action)
16. Person did something inherently bad to other(s) (what is done is innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
17. Person demanded too much of other(s)
18. Person failed to do something they were supposed to do
19. Other
20. Person's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or personal traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards another person, cause anger (this anger must be directed at particular people, not, for example, at a broad ethnic or religious group)

Angry at Events, Circumstances (No particular person did something)
23. Kept you from doing what you wanted to do, directly (goal thwarted)
29. Other (direct affect on R)
32. The state of things, in general (perception of a wrong or negative state in the world; not an event specifically experienced by R)
39. Other (indirect affect on R)

Angry at an Association or Large Social Organization for What They Did to
You (distinct individuals not to blame)
43. Organization kept you from doing what you wanted to do
44. Organization inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take you into account (mostly minor), taking you for granted
45. Organization critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some direct and overt action)
46. Organization did something inherently bad to you (what is done is innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
47. Organization demanded too much of you
48. Organization failed to do something they were supposed to do
49. Other
50. Organization's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards R, cause anger (this anger must be directed at a specifically related organization, not a broad, general grouping such as 'students' or 'Jews')

Angry at an Association or Large Social Organization for What They Did to Someone/Group you Cared about (distinct individuals not to blame)
53. Organization kept other(s) from doing what they wanted to do
54. Organization inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take other(s) into account (mostly minor), taking others for granted
55. Organization critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some direct and overt action)
56. Organization did something inherently bad to other(s) (what is done is innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
57. Organization demanded too much of other(s)
58. Organization failed to do something they were supposed to do
59. Other
60. Organization's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards another person, cause anger (this anger must be directed at a specifically related organization, not a broad, general grouping such as 'students' or 'Jews')

Unclassifiable
90. Not enough information to code, not clear enough, not related to above dimensions
Note 7: Codes for 1996 Topical Module: Mental Health
PROBFIX1-3, BRKDO1-3, MNILDO1-3

I. Denial
11. I would try to forget about it, not think about it

II. Displacement
21. Hostility. (Not directed at source of problem) I would get mad, irritable, take it out on someone else (R's response is not coded here if R's problem would involve another person, and R would get angry at that person. In such a case, (63) is coded.)
22. Would engage in activity. I would go for a walk; I would read a book; I would get busy with something else; I would try to get engrossed in something else to take my mind off it (here is coded any activity which R would engage in which does no directly deal with the problem, but may relieve some of the anxiety about it--unless medications, pills, etc., which are coded (61).)
23. Would seek release from awareness. Would get drunk, take a drink, take dope.
24. Would seek release from awareness. Would go to sleep (response is not coded here if R says, "I would go to sleep in order to get refreshed and be able to handle the problem better afterwards.")
25. Fantasy Action. R would think about magical type solutions to problems or would imagine problems don't exist. I would imagine myself as the president of the company and then nobody could criticize me

III. Passive Reaction
31. Nothing. I would do nothing, wouldn't do anything; there wouldn't be much to do about it; there would be nothing to do; I would just let things take their course; I would just hope for the best; would just give up

IV. Passive Reaction - Problem still salient
41. Worry. I would worry about it, I would fret over it; would just keep on worrying, thinking about it; I would keep on worrying till things work out

V. Passive Reaction - Religious
51. I would pray. Would turn to prayer; would trust in the lord (going to minister is not coded here; in such case, (82) is coded. If NA whether (51) or (82) should be coded, as turn to the church, go to the church, read the Bible, the scriptures or inspirational literature, (51) is coded.)

VI. Reactions which are not clearly coping or denial
61. Would take medications. Tranquilizers; Aspirins, etc. - any medication treating physical symptoms and tensions (if prescribed by a doctor, response is coded here and also under (82).)
62. Would pull myself together; exercise self-control (NA whether this is attempt to deny and forget the problem - coded under (11) - or prelude to attempts to solve the problem - coded in the (70s))
63. Expressions of hostility directed at person seen as source of problem (if would not be directed at source of problem, (21) is coded.)
64. Palliatives measures which would 'cope" with a problem defined in physical or general terms, but would "deny" and/or "displace" specific "personal problems" - attempts to reduce immediate pressures and tensions. Take a vacation; would take it easier, try to relax a little more
(except those responses coded in (61))
65. Meditation
66. Faith or confidence in self; strength; fortitude
67. Social comparison; R better off than other; seeing others that are worse off than me.
68. Emphasis on positive aspects of life; optimism; sense of humor; positive view of life.
69. Other reactions which are not clearly coping or denial

VII. Coping Reaction - Independent
71. Self-assessment, thought would be mode of problem-solving attempts. I would try to figure out what is wrong; see what the problem is, who is at fault (if whether (71) or (72), (72) is coded
72. Immediate action would be mode of problem-solving. Would solve it; just keep on trying; would do something about it (if NA whether (71) or (72), (72) is coded.)
73. Would cope with interpersonal problem by talking it over with person involved. (if person not involved or if NA whether person involved or not, (81) is coded.). Would talk it over with spouse if marriage problem (Note. Specific person is not coded in SOURCES OF HELP)
74. Permanent situational limitation of sphere of activity would be mode of problem-solving; I'd get another job; I'd move to another city (temporary situational changes such as "I'd take a vacation" should be coded under (64).)
75. Permanent interpersonal limitation of sphere of activity would be mode of problem-solving. would eliminate and/or change relationships seen as causing problem (change friends; get a divorce)

VIII. Coping Reaction - Outside help sought
81. Talking it over with INFORMAL SOURCE(S) -- family, friends, neighbors, etc. (unless coping with interpersonal problems by talking it over with person involved, in which case, code 73. talk it over with someone, talk with --------------- about it; also code here general mentions of person(s). e.g., spending time with, being with family, friends, "my parents," "my wife," etc.; if NA whether 81 or 82, code 81. (specific people or institutions are coded ahead in SOURCES).
82. Talk it over with FORMAL SOURCE(S) -- doctor, lawyer, clergyman, psychiatrist, psychologist, counselor, etc.; include "got professional help," etc.; if source of help is both a formal AND informal source code
82; if NA whether 81 or 82, code 81.

IX. Missing Data
98. DK; it would never happen to me; wouldn't know what to do
99. NA

PROBHLP1-3, BRKDHLP1-3, MNILHLP1-3

I. Family is source of help
100. Spouse only family member mentioned
101. Child(ren) only family member(s) mentioned
102. Father only family member mentioned; father-in-law
103. Mother only family member mentioned; mother-in-law
104. Brother only family member mentioned
105. Sister only family member mentioned
106. "Family" (particular family member no specified)
107. Parents; father and mother
108. Any other combination of family members (e.g., wife and children; wife and parents; father and aunt); my relatives
190. Any other specific family member mentioned, if only one family member is mentioned; e.g., aunt, uncle; a relative

II. Non-professional, non-family persons
200. Friend(s), neighbor(s), acquaintance(s) is mentioned
201. Particular friend, neighbor, acquaintance is mentioned (unless work associate or boss, in which case (202) or (203) is coded). I would speak to my friend Mary; there's another person I respect very much - I'd talk to him (if NA whether R has a particular person(s) in mind, (200) is coded.)
202. Fellow worker, work associate(s) is mentioned
203. Supervisor, boss is mentioned
290. Other non-professional, non-family person(s)

III. Self-help groups
300. Alcoholics Anonymous
301. Lonely hearts club
302. Fraternal organizations
303. Parent-teacher organizations
304. Recovery Inc.
390. Other self-help groups

IV. Professional, non-mental health specialists
400. Clergymen
401. Family Physician
402. Physician-specialist (non-mental health)
403. Doctor -- Non-psychiatrist; family doctor not specified; type of doctor not specified
404. Other medical type specialists. Chiropractor; osteopath
405. Public health nurse
406. Teacher or principal
407. Visiting teacher, other teaching specialists
408. Lawyer
409. Policeman, court, judge
480. Other professional non-mental health specialists
490. Professional help, NA which kind

V. Professional, mental health specialists
(Note. If R gives a specific person in a professional agency, both codes in the 500's and 600's series are coded.)
500. Psychiatrist; psychoanalyst
501. Neurologist, "Nerve Doctor"
502. Psychologist
503. Social worker
504. Vocational counselor
505. Marriage counselor
506. Counselor; NA specific kind
507. Rehabilitation specialist. Occupational therapist; speech therapist
508. Any "illegitimate" mental health specialist - astrologer, palmist, fortune teller, medium
509. Other professional mental health specialists

VI. Professional Agencies
(Note. If R give a specific person in a professional agency, both codes in the 500's and 600's series are coded.)
600. Social welfare agency; specifically related to welfare, giving economic aid; departments of welfare of city, state
601. Social Service agencies; e.g., family service agency, Catholic charities
602. Child guidance clinic
603. Vocational guidance center, employment bureau
604. Hospital. NA what clinic or ward
605. Hospital. Mental institution
606. Hospital. Mental hygiene clinic; outpatient mental health unit
607. Mental hygiene clinic, not related or NA if related to hospital
608. Rehabilitation center; speech clinic
690. Other professional agency

VIII. Other
800. Other

IX. Missing data
998. DK whom I'd talk to, but would talk to someone
999 REFUSED
BK INAP., R doesn't mention taking problem to anyone; no further mentions

BRKDWHY1-3, MNILWHY1-3

I External Situation
10. Financial condition. loss of money, not having enough money, too many debts
11. Housing condition. cramped, poor quarters
12. R's physical health. physical illness, physical disability, chronic conditions (R's Mental illness is coded in the 30s series)
13. Other persons physical health. someone close to R has chronic illness, other illness, physical disabilities causing nervous breakdown (14) is coded if another person's mental health problem. death is coded (15).
14. Other person mental health problem. someone close to R has mental disturbance (A psychotic episode) [code relationship]
15. Death of someone close to R
16. Physical separation (not death or illness) from someone close to R. when my husband was away in service; when my children were living in foster home
17. R's relocation to a strange place. when we were living in XXXXX for a while
18. work-related tension. overwork overtired from strain of business, business worries, working too hard (if R specifically sees himself as to blame for work failure, (37) is coded)
19. Other external situations precipitating nervous breakdown

II Interpersonal situation -- Relationship or other person blamed
(Note. if an interpersonal problem precipitating nervous breakdown was perceived by R to reflect his own inadequacy, codes in the 30s series are used. If not ascertainable whether codes in the 20s or the 30s series should be used, the 20s series is coded.)
21. getting along in marriage. quarrel with spouse, etc.
22. getting along with children. my children talk back to me, get me nervous
23. getting Along with family (NA children or spouse). home problems.
24. getting along with relatives other than above. arguments with in-laws, parent, siblings, etc.
25. Getting along with opposite sex (not family members). Problem with fiancé(e), dating
26. Getting along with friends same sex as R or NA sex. Disagreement with a friend
29. Other interpersonal situations precipitating nervous breakdown

III Self Inadequacies (Fault is seen in R)
31. R's sexual problem - (all references to sexual problems, unless specified as a problem of the other person or in the relationship re coded here)
32. R's problems related to menopause
33. R's interpersonal inadequacy -- related to marriage. I wasn't a good wife
34. R's interpersonal inadequacy -- related to children. Couldn't handle the children any more (If depression after childbirth, it is coded 36)
35. R's interpersonal inadequacy -- related to getting along with people other than spouse or children. I'm very nervous whenever I'm with people
36. Depression after birth of children
37. work-related failures. I felt I had failed at my job (if R does not see fault for business, job failures a personal, it is coded 18).
38. Inadequacies related to alcohol or drug abuse
39. Other personal inadequacies

IV General, Nervous breakdown -- precipitating cause NA
(All General descriptions of R's state.)
41. R feels upset often, worried often, overwhelmed by things, couldn't face problems, just giving up

VIII Other
80. Other precipitating condition for nervous breakdown

NOTE. THE FOLLOWING CODES USED BY AVTMH CODERS FOR A DEPRESSION QUESTION WERE ALSO USED HERE TO CODE THE CAUSES BECAUSE THEY WERE MORE TO THE POINT FOR SOME RESPONDENTS. When codes below were the same as codes above, we used the codes above. Codes below could be recoded to codes above.

I. ECONOMIC AND MATERIAL MATTERS.

FINANCIAL OR MATERIAL SITUATION (NON-RESIDENTIAL)
101. Poor or declining financial status. Not having enough money; too many debts; paying bills (if problem stated in terms of business, code 206)
102. Trouble with loan, mortgage. Receiving notification of foreclosure, letter of indebtedness, property repossessed or wages garnished
103. Loss of assets. Loss of money, property (non-residential), stock, etc.
104. Theft or destruction of property (non-residential). Robbery, vandalism, crimes against R's property
109. Other specific non-residential financial or material matters that happened to R (or R's spouse)
111. Bad financial or material situation of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren), child(ren) in-law
112. Bad financial or material situation of R's parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s) in-law
113. Bad financial or material situation of R's sibling(s), step sibling(s), sibling(s) in-law
119. Bad financial or material situation of someone other than R (or spouse) and persons codable in 111-113.

HOUSING -- PLACE OF RESIDENCE
121. Moved to or lives in poor (worse) house or apartment
122. Moved to or lives in poor (worse) neighborhood
123. Dislocation or relocation. Moved to new (strange) neighborhood, town, or country; changes in residence other than 121 or 122
124. Damage to residence (house or apartment); fire, vandalism, weather, etc
129. Other specific residence related matters that happened to R (or R's spouse)
131. Bad thing concerning residence that happened to R's child(ren), child(ren) in-law
132. Bad things concerning residence that happened to R's parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s) in-law
133. Bad things concerning residence that happened to R's sibling(s), step sibling(s), sibling(s) in-law
139. Bad things concerning residence that happened to someone other than R (or spouse) and persons codable in 131-133.

WORK-RELATED MATTERS
200. Problems finding a job. Couldn't (can't) find work
201. Quit job
202. Laid off
203. fired
204. Unemployed or lost job (no specific reference to quitting, being laid off or fired)
205. Retired from job or major life occupation
206. Business problems. Poor or declining business
207. Business failure
210. General statements about negative events at work. "don't like my job", etc
211. Failed to receive promotion, better job, desired job
212. Job demotion. Demoted or changed to poorer job or employer, less responsible job
213. Trouble with boss or supervisor
214. Trouble with co-workers. (code here any interpersonal difficulties at work with no specific mention of boss or supervisor)
215. Work-related failure. Failed at job
216. Work-related tension. Overwork, time pressures, working too hard, etc
217. Poor or deteriorating (Physical) work conditions. Health, safety, danger, distance, hours
219. Other specific work-related matters that happened to R (or spouse)
221. Bad things related to work that happened to R'S child(ren), stepchild)ren), child(ren)-in-law
222. Bad things related to work that happened to R's parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
223. Bad things related to work that happened to R's sibling(s), step sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law
229. Bad things related to work that happened to someone other than R (or Spouse) and persons codable in 221-223

III SCHOOL-RELATED MATTERS
300. General Statements about negative events related to school
301. Admission problems or failure. Not accepted at desired school, training program
302. Failure in school, training program; flunked a test, course; other failures in school
303. Changed schools
304. School-related pressures; meeting deadlines, pressures of studying, papers, exams; working too hard
309. Other specific school-related matters -- R ONLY
310. Bad things related to school that happened to R's spouse
311. Bad things related to school that happened to R's child(ren), stepchild(ren), child(ren)-in-law
319. Bad things related to school that happened to someone other than R and persons codable in 310-311

IV LEGAL DIFFICULTIES
400. Legal Problem(s) -- General, NA what kind
401. Involved in court action, lawsuit, legal action
402. Arrested or convicted of crime, violation of law
403. Detained in jail or correctional institution
404. Legal aspects of divorce, custody of children cited
405. Loss of driver's license
409. Other specific legal problems that happened to R ONLY
410. Legal difficulties involving R's SPOUSE
411. Legal difficulties involving R's child(ren), step-child(ren), child(ren)-in-law
419. Legal difficulties involving someone other than R and persons codable in 410-411

V INTERPERSONAL SITUATION
500. Loneliness, Isolation -- general. Interpersonal troubles or difficulties
501. Troubles with Family (NA whether spouse or children). Getting along with family; family problems, home problems; family quarrels or arguments
502. Troubles with Spouse. Getting along in marriage; troubles, quarrels with spouse, fighting, arguing or other interpersonal problems with husband or wife.
503. Troubles with child(ren); getting along with children; rasing children; children talk back, won't mind me, get me nervous.
504. Troubles with parent(s) or in-law(s). Getting along with mother/father or mother/father -in-law
505. Troubles with relative(s) or family member(s) other than above. E.g. argument with sibling(s), grandparent(s), etc.
506. Troubles with friend(s) of opposite sex (not family members). Getting along with girlfriend(s)/boyfriend(s), fiancé(e); problems with dating, etc.
507. Troubles with friend(s) of same sex as R or NA sex. Getting along with friend(s); disagreements, arguments or fights with friend(s) (if people at work, code 214)
508. (Unwanted) pregnancy of R, wife or girlfriend
509. Other specific interpersonal troubles or difficulties of R
511. Interpersonal difficulties of R's child(ren), step-child(ren), child(ren)-in-law, in-law problems of R's children
512. Interpersonal difficulties of R's Parents (s), step-parent(s), parent(s)-in-law, e.g., R's parents don't get along
513. Interpersonal difficulties of R's sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law, e.g., marriage problems of R's brother
519. Interpersonal difficulties of someone other than R (or spouse) and persons codable in 511-513

DISRUPTION OR TERMINATION OF RELATIONSHIP
(NOTE. Disruptions or terminations due to death or illness are coded under VI and VII)
520. Physical separation from spouse. When my husband and I were apart; when I (he) was away in the service; away from wife; if separation due to marital discord, code 523; if NA whether 520 or 523, code 523)
521. Physical separation from child(ren). Child(ren) were living in foster home, R divorced, separated from wife and children; when children grew up, married, left home (if separation due to discord or troubles with child(ren), code 525; if NA whether 521 or 525, code 521)
522. Physical separation from someone close to R, other than spouse or children; when my mother and I were separated, when my fiancé(e) and I were apart, etc.
523. Marital separation. Separation from spouse due to marital discord; legal separation for any reason; husband left me; got a separation
524. Divorce. When I was divorced (if NA whether 523 or 524, code 523)
525. Separation from child(ren) due to troubles or discord; child(ren) ran away, left home after disagreement, argument, etc.
526. Breakup with friend(s) of opposite sex. Broken engagement, breakup of someone dated (steadily); girlfriend left me
527. Breakup with friend(s) of same sex as R or NA sex
529. Disruption or termination of relationship not included above
531. Disruption or termination of love relationship of R's child(ren), step-child(ren), child(ren)-in-law
532. Disruption or termination of love relationship of R's Parents (s), step-parent(s), parent(s)-in-law
533. Disruption or termination of love relationship of R's sibling(s), step-sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law
539. Disruption or termination of love relationship of someone other than R (or spouse) and persons codable in 531-533

GAIN OF HOUSEHOLD OR FAMILY MEMBER(S)
540. Birth of (unwanted) child(ren); took on responsibility for raising (additional) child
541. Parent(s) or parent(s)-in-law moved in with R
542. Other relative(s) or family member(s) moved in with R
549. Other gain of household or family member
559. Gain of household member by someone other than R (or spouse)
599. Other interpersonal matters

VI DEATH OF SOME ONE CLOSE
600. Death of someone close -- NA who. E.g. a death (see also 15)
610. Death of family member -- NA which one
611. Widowed. Death of spouse
612. Death of child(ren), stepchild(ren)
613. Death of unborn child. Stillbirth, miscarriage (abortion is coded in Section VII, with category depending on specific circumstances)
614. Death of Parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
615. Death of Grandparent(s)
616. Death of Sibling(s) step-sibling(s)
619. Death of Other specific relative(s) or family member(s), including combinations of 611-616
620. Death of close friend or neighbor
630. Death of pet
649. Other death of someone close to R (or R's spouse)
659. Death of someone close affecting person other than R (or spouse)

VII PHYSICAL HEALTH OR INJURY
700. Poor Health or sickness of R -- not further specified or NA whether 701, 702, or 703
701. Serious Physical illness of R. major operation, tuberculosis, cancer, heart disease (attack), kidney disease, etc.; any hospitalization for physical illness
702. Chronic condition or disability of R (if clearly from accident or injury, code 703). High blood pressure, arthritis, asthma, diabetes, etc.
703. frequent Minor illness of R. influenza, physical aches, headaches, bad back, hemorrhoids, minor operation, etc.
704. Serious accident or injury to R. auto accident, fall, burn, back injury, broken neck, etc.
705. Accident or injury to R -- not further specified or NA whether 704
709. Other health-related problems of R
710. Physical illness of R's spouse
711. Accident or injury of R's spouse
719. Other health-related problems of R's spouse
720. Physical illness of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren)
721. Accident or injury of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren)
729. Other health-related problems of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren)
730. Physical illness of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
731. Accident or injury of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
739. Other health-related problems of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
749. Health-related problems of someone other than R or persons codable in

VIII MENTAL HEALTH OR ADJUSTMENT
800. Personal or adjustment problems -- general. Not further specified
801. Tired all the time. Can't seem to do things; hard for me to keep up with things
802. Neurotic problem; fears, phobias; nervousness, worried anxiety
803. Mood Disturbances. Unhappiness, depression, hopelessness, boredom, ennui
804. Self-doubt, confusion regarding self-identity, insecurity
805. Indecision, aimlessness, loss of direction
806. Substance abuse problems. Alcohol, drugs, etc
807. Onset or recurrence of mental illness. Was in an institution; mental disturbance, psychotic episode, nervous breakdown
809. Other specific psychological disturbances
810. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's spouse
811. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren), child(ren)-in-law
812. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
813. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's Sibling(s) step-sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law
819. Psychological disturbances or adjustment problems of someone other than R and persons codable in 810-813
997. Other
998. DK, Can't remember
999. NA
BK INAP. No anticipated nervous breakdown, no second mention.

BRKDTIME, MNILTIME

1. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown are presently salient for him
2. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown were only in the past and do not presently affect R (not clear how far in past)
3. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown were more than 5 years in the past and do not presently affect R
4. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown were less than in the past and do not presently affect R (codes 3 and 4 were NOT used in 1957 & 1976 and could be collapsed into code 2)
9. NA whether conditions causing nervous breakdown are of past or present concern.
BK R says no breakdown

BRKDDUR, MNILDUR

Long-term
1. Long-term reaction (severe) -- extensive period mentioned in which R elaborates on a severe nervous feeling state. For months, I cried almost all the time
2. Long-term reaction (no very severe) -- extensive period mentioned in which R elaborates a minor nervous feeling state. In have felt blue every so often during the past ten years.
3. Long-term reaction (severity NA) -- extensive period mentioned in which R does not give enough elaborations to allow coder to code 1 or 2.. I've been overworking for years.

Short-term
4. Short-term reaction (severe) -- a short period mentioned in which R elaborates on a severe nervous feeling state. I was in a state of shock the week after my parents died.
5. Short-term reaction (not very severe) -- A short period mentioned in which R elaborates a minor nervous feeling state. When we had tornado warnings, I was a little concerned
6. Short-term reaction (severity NA). -- a short period mentioned in which R does not give enough elaboration to allow coder to code 4 or 5. when my mother died, I was upset.

NA Duration
7. Severe reaction, NA how long.
8. Not very severe reaction, NA how long.
9. NA severity and Length
BK R said no breakdown.

MNTLAS1-2, BRKDAS1-2

1. Psychoses, generally (not distinguished as 2 or 3)
2. Violent psychoses
3. Nonviolent psychoses
4. Neurasthenic neuroses
5. Neuroses (other than 4), emotional disturbances
6. Nervous breakdowns
7. Nerves, nervousness (when not clearly 5 or 6)
8. Mental deficiency
9. Psychopathic personalities
10. Some code of 1-13 is used but part of answer is unclassifiable
11. Other non-psychotic disorders
12. Non-psychotic mental illness, generally
13. Mental illness, generally (not distinguished as psychotic or non-psychotic)
14. Says doesn't know at some point, but answers any way
15. Respondents only answer to entire question is don't know, or the question is entirely unanswered in all dimensions
16. Includes a variety of diagnostic categories

17-22 For BRKDAS1-2 ONLY
17. It is (may be) a forerunner, beginning of mental illness, other than 2
18. It is (may be) a forerunner, beginning of psychosis, insanity
19. It is simply a euphemism for mental illness
20. It refers to temporary mental illness
21. It refers to the acute stage of mental illness

22. It is a vague, ill-defined, unscientific category (including don't know because of impression of term)
99. No answer or no mention of included diagnoses

MNTLIMP1-3, BRKDIMP1-3

101. Psychoses not distinguished as 2 or 3.
102. Violent psychoses.
103. Non-violent psychoses.
104. Neurasthenic neuroses (i.e., the most popular conception of nervous breakdown).
105. Neuroses other than 4.
106. Acute (momentary nerve storms, tensions, or persistent nervousness
107. Psychotropic personalities; social deviants; exaggerated eccentrics.
108. Simple mental deficiency.
109. Non-psychotic, but otherwise unclassifiable.
110. Can't tell whether psychotic or non-psychotic.
111. Other non-psychotic disorders
112. Some code of 100-110 is used, but part of answer is unclassifiable.
999. Non enough data to make this judgment


MNTLSYM1, MNTLSYM 2, MNTLSYM 3, BRKDSYM1, BRKDSYM2, BRKDSYM3

201. Extreme, excessive.
202. Unstable, changeable, capricious.
203. Unpredictable, impulsive, erratic.
204. Unreliable, undependable.
205. Uncontrolled, lacking self-control.
206. "Childish., "immature" (i.e., probably means 48/7 or 48/8, but doesn't say so).
207. Irrational, inexplicable, illogical, unreasonable.
208. "Incompetent", lacking responsibility for actions ("legal approach").
210. SOCIALLY deviant behavior, general (DOUBLE CODE WHEN SO STATED).
211. PERSONALLY deviant behavior, general (DOUBLE CODE WHEN SO STATED).
212. Disordered, abnormal, unspecified.
299. No use of general characteristics.

VIOLENCE
301. (Violent) sex crimes (SEE ALSO CODE 51/9).
302. Homicidal tendencies, impulses.
303. Violence against other people, other than 1, 2.
304. Suicidal tendencies, impulses.
305. Destructiveness, violence against property.
306. Violence, general and unspecified.

EXTREME EMOTIONAL EXPRESSIONS
307. Noisy, loud, boisterous.
308. Temper tantrums, raging, screaming.
309. (Senseless, excessive) laughter.
310. (Senseless, excessive) weeping.
311. Hysterics, general and not classifiable as 8, 9, or 0.
399. No mention of symptoms of these types.

APPEARANCE, SPEECH, MANNERISMS
401. Peculiar facial expression.
402. Peculiarities in posture, walk.
403. Neglect of personal appearance.
404. Other signs in external appearance.

SPEECH MANNERISMS
405. Talking to self.
406. Mutism, refusal to talk.
407. Too little talking, taciturnity.
408. Excessive talking, verbosity.
409. Retarded speech.
410. Rapid speech.
411. Inappropriate, incoherent talk. Wild talk
412. Other speech disturbances.
499. No mention of symptoms of these types.

OTHER BEHAVIORS AND PHYSICALS MANNERISM MANIFESTATIONS
501. Tense, jumpy, restless, unable to relax.
502. Tremors, trembling, shaking, twitching.
503. Stuporous; trance-like states.
504. Fainting.
505. Wandering, running away;
506. Infantile behavior, regression (ONLY WHEN CLEAR-CUT; SEE ALSO CODE 8/6).
507. Specific examples of bizarre (completely uninterpretable)behavior.
508. Criminality, delinquency.
509. Sexual deviations.
510. Drug Addiction. 1996 note. Drug abuse
511. (Excessive) drinking; alcoholism.
512. Specific examples of culturally-exceptional behavior, other than 8-X.
599. No mention of symptoms of these types.

IMPAIRMENTS OF HEALTH, PHYSICAL WELL-BEING
601. Loss of appetite, weight.
602. Insomnia.
603. Headaches.
604. Dizziness, nausea.
605. Digestive disturbances, other than 4.
606. Circulatory (cardio-vascular) disturbances and manifestations.
607. Respiratory disturbances.
608. Other specific psychosomatic reactions.

GENERAL
609. (Physical) (chronic) fatigue, exhaustion.
610. (Physical malaise; physical weakness, collapse (SEE ALSO CODES 54/X, 54/Y).
611. (Physical) malfunctioning of nervous system, vague (DOUBLE-CODE WHEN SO STATED).
612. (Psychosomatic) manifestations in physical illness, general and unspecified.
699. No mention of symptoms of this type.

DISTORTIONS OF REALITY
701. Hallucinations.
702. Delusions, other than persecution.
703. Delusions of persecution (ONLY WHEN CLEAR-CUT. OTHERWISE CODE 53/4).
704. Distrust, suspicion; paranoid, persecutory trends; ideas of reference (SEE ALSO CODES 52/0, 54/3, 54/4, 54/6).
705. Hypochondriacal tendencies, preoccupation with own health.
706. Disordered imagination, vague and unspecified.
707. Clouding of reality.
708. (Excessive) fantasizing; withdrawal from, break with reality (WHEN EXTREME, SEE CODES 53/9, 55/8, 56/3).
709. Inability to accept, face, adjust to reality, life ("Escapism", Maladjustment")
710. Lack of perspective; impaired judgement (SEE ALSO CODE 55/4).
711. (Conscious) falsification, lying, misrepresentation (SEE ALSO CODE 55/0).
712. Reality distortions, general and unspecified.
799. N o mention of symptoms of this type

DISORDERED SELF-CONCEPT
801. Egocentric, selfish, (excessively) demanding.
802. Self-important, boastful, self-assertive.
803. Self-righteous; self-justifying, obstinate, stubborn, ("projecting blame").
804. Critical, dissatisfied, complaining.
805. Self-accusatory, self-blaming, self-punishing, "masochistic".
806. Self-pitying, martyred; feelings of rejection.
807. Insecure, lack of self-confidence.
808. Submissive, dependent, indecisive.
809. Self-centered talk.
810. Lack of self-insight.
811. Functional impairment (SEE ALSO 52/0, 54/Y)
812. (Complete) inability to function, when not clearly 52/0.
899. No manifestations of this type mentioned.

MOOD DISTURBANCES
901. Outgoing, extroverted, elated.
902. Worried, fearful, anxious. (SEE ALSO CODES 53/4, 53/5 54/7)
903. Nightmares, disturbing dreams.
904. Irritable, excitable, sensitive, easily upset (SEE ALSO 55/5).
905. Hostile, aggressive, difficult to get along with. (SEE ALSO 49/8, 55/4).
906. Unhappy, depressed.
907. Defeated, beaten; surrendering, giving up; (feeling of inadequacy, self-doubt).
908. Withdrawn (SEE ALSO 55/0, 55/X).
909. Socially ill at ease.
910. Secretive, self-concealing ("undoing", "compensatory").
911. Apathy, indifference, lack of initiative ("disenchantment with life").
912. emotionally inhibited, repressed, inaccessible.
999. No symptoms mentioned.

DISORDERED THOUGHT, INTELLECT, COGNITION
921. Loss of memory; major disorders of memory (including disorientation) (WHEN CLEAR-CUT; SEE ALSO CODE 56/3).
922. Intellectual retardation, lack of comprehension (SEE ALSO CODE 56/3).
923. Distracted, absent-minded; forgetful, unable to concentrate.
924. Brooding, preoccupied.
925. Obsessive, compulsive ("fanatic").

MNTLOTH, BRKDOTH

1001. Mentions having been "insane, " psychotic personally.
1002. Mentions own mental illness in 656C, but can't classify into 1001,1003,1004
1003. Mentions being (having been) neurotic personally
1004. Mentions having had a nervous breakdown personally (including all such references in Q6)
1005. Mentions own emotional disturbance short of mental illness (DO NOT CODE IF 1001-1004 can be coded). Sometimes I fell I may be mentally ill myself; I get so mad I'm afraid I'm going crazy; I almost had a nervous breakdown myself; etc.

REFERENCE TO FAMILY, FRIENDS
1006. Mentions family members, friends having been "insane", psychotic. My sister is just coming out after two years (ie, any reference to institutionalization for mental illness is classified here); a friend of mine is in the state hospital, etc.
1007. Mentions family members, friends being (having been) mentally ill in 656C, but can't classify into 1006,1008,1010.
1008. Mentions family members, friends being (having been) neurotic.
1010. Mentions family members, friends having nervous breakdowns (including any references in Q6.)
1011. Mentions emotional disturbances of family members, friends short of mental illness.

DENIAL OF CONTACT, FAMILIARITY
1101. Denies personal contact with the "insane", psychotic. I've never seen anyone who was insane, so I don't know; I've never known anyone like that (in context of psychotic symptoms); etc.
1102. Denies personal contact with mentally ill in 656C, but can't classify in to 1101, 1103, 1104. I ain't seen anyone who was mentally ill; I've never been around a mentally ill person to any great extent; I've never seen on (in unclassifiable symptom context); etc
1103. Denies personal contact with the neurotic. I've never run into anyone who was really psychoneurotic; I've never know anyone like that (in the context of neurotic symptoms); etc.
1104. Denies personal contact with nervous breakdowns (including any such denial in Q6). I never say anyone with a nervous breakdown; etc.
1105. Denies personal contact with MI, not classifiable above.

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE CODES
1106. Denies general familiarity with insanity psychosis (DO NOT CODE IF 1 IS CODED). I don't know much about the subject of insanity; etc.
1107. Denies general familiarity with mental illness in 656C, but can't classify into 7,9,X (1106,1108,1109)
1108. Denies general familiarity with neurosis (DO NOT CODE IF 3 IS CODED)
1109. Denies general familiarity with nervous breakdowns, (including any such denial in 656A)
1110. Denies general familiarity with MI, not classifiable above

MISCELLANEOUS VIEWPOINTS
1201. References to sympathy, pity for the mentally-ill. I'm heart-sick for them; I feel awfully sorry for them; the first thing I would think of is my sorrow for them; it's a pathetic affliction; etc.
1202. References to stigmatizing, avoiding the mentally ill. I'd feel sorry for one, but I'd rather not be around someone like that (code 1 also); etc.
1203. Reference to fear, shock, horror, distress over mental illness; it's worse than other illnesses; it's worse than physical illness; I hope it never happens to me; etc.
1204. Denial of stigmatizing mental illness. Its just another type of sickness with no special stigma attached to it. I am more broad-minded than most and don't look at it as a terrible thing; etc.
1205. References to concern for; seriousness, importance of problem of mental illness; I was going to mention this as most serious disease for I fell psychoneurosis is more serious, more of an ignored thing than anything else; its very serious, of course, and there should be as much done as possible to prevent it as well as to help it; I'm awfully interested in the subject to see what can be done for people like this; etc.
1206. References to relativeness of mental health (other than definitions in terms of deviant behavior or references to mental illness being of different degrees). Who, after all, is completely sane? Everyone has some sort of neurotic tendencies; a perfectly normal person is very
rare; we all have quirks and there is no definite line between those mentally ill and not;, etc
1207. References to (relative) undetectability of mental illness. This illness is almost unnoticeable; its hard to tell that they are mentally sick; there are cases where you are hardly able to detect that he was mentally ill, most cases you can't tell that a person is insane, apart from the criminally insane; until you get to know a person closely any kind of mental illness is hard to detect except by a medical man trained in that line; you have to know them pretty well to know their ways; you'd never suspect it until they crack up unless you have studied in this field to make you recognize such a person; this illness is almost unnoticeable; etc.
1208. References to relative incurability of mental illness; it gives me a shock when I hear the term because I found out it is more or less incurable (code 3 also); I don't think they have a cure for mentally sick people; mental illness is harder to treat than anything else' it means a long slow process for recovery; usually it means that there is very little hope of recovery; etc.
1209. References to mental illness, generally, involving an organic base; it's an illness of the brain; the part of their brain that helps them plan ahead has been injured or damaged; mental illness is a sickness, a disease, not something that happens from over-exertion like a nervous breakdown; etc.
1210. References to mental illness, generally, excluding illnesses with an organic basis; a whole range of symptomatic behavior where there is no identifiable organic cause are included in the term; etc.
1211. Use of colloquial terms--"crazy, bonkers, nuts, looney"
1212. Indicates knowledge that it is not socially desirable to stigmatize mentally ill (I shouldn't feel this way, but…; thank goodness people are not more accepting of mental illness)
1213. References to other people, or most people, stigmatizing mentally ill
1214. They need help, they should be helped, etc
Note 8: Vignettes Read to Respondent for 1996 Topical Module: Mental Health
VIGVERSN, SERIOUSP, CHARACTR, IMBALNCE, WAYRAISE, STRESSES, GENETICS,
GODSWILL, UPSDOWNS, BREAKDWN, MENTLILL, PHYSILL, VIGLABEL, DECTREAT,
DECMONEY, IMPRVOWN, IMPRVTRT, VIGNEI, VIGSOC, VIGFRND, VIGWORK, VIGGRP,
VIGMAR, HURTOTH, HURTSELF, TLKFAM, TLKCLRGY, MEDDOC, MENTLDOC, MENTLOTH,
SPHEALER, SELFHELP, OTCMED, RXMED, MENTLHOS, ORTLKFM, ORTLKCLR, ORMEDDOC,
ORMNTLDC, ORMNTLOT, ORHEALER, ORSLFHLP, OROTCMED, ORRXMED, ORMNTLHS,
MUSTDOC, MUSTMED, MUSTHOSP, DANGRSLF, DANGROTH, MEDCARE1, MEDCARE2

THE VARIABLE NAMED VIGNETTE PROVIDES THE NUMBER OF THE VIGNETTE READ TO THE
RESPONDENT

Vignette number coding:
#: gender/race/education/problem
gender: m=male, f=female
race: w=white, a=african american, h=hispanic
education: e=eighth grade, h=high school, c=college
problem: a=alcohol dependence, m=major depression, s=schizophrenia, d=drug
problem, n=no problem

Alcohol Major
Dependence Depression Schizophrenia Drug Problem No Problem
1: m,w,e,a 19: m,w,e,m 37: m,w,e,s 55: m,w,e,d 73: m,w,e,n
2: m,a,e,a 20: m,a,e,m 38: m,a,e,s 56: m,a,e,d 74: m,a,e,n
3: m,h,e,a 21: m,h,e,m 39: m,h,e,s 57: m,h,e,d 75: m,h,e,n
4: m,w,h,a 22: m,w,h,m 40: m,w,h,s 58: m,w,h,d 76: m,w,h,n
5: m,a,h,a 23: m,a,h,m 41: m,a,h,s 59: m,a,h,d 77: m,a,h,n
6: m,h,h,a 24: m,h,h,m 42: m,h,h,s 60: m,h,h,d 78: m,h,h,n
7: m,w,c,a 25: m,w,c,m 43: m,w,c,s 61: m,w,c,d 79: m,w,c,n
8: m,a,c,a 26: m,a,c,m 44: m,a,c,s 62: m,a,c,d 80: m,a,c,n
9: m,h,c,a 27: m,h,c,m 45: m,h,c,s 63: m,h,c,d 81: m,h,c,n
10: f,w,e,a 28: f,w,e,m 46: f,w,e,s 64: f,w,e,d 82: f,w,e,n
11: f,a,e,a 29: f,a,e,m 47: f,a,e,s 65: f,a,e,d 83: f,a,e,n
12: f,h,e,a 30: f,h,e,m 48: f,h,e,s 66: f,h,e,d 84: f,h,e,n
13: f,w,h,a 31: f,w,h,m 49: f,w,h,s 67: f,w,h,d 85: f,w,h,n
14: f,a,h,a 32: f,a,h,m 50: f,a,h,s 68: f,a,h,d 86: f,a,h,n
15: f,h,h,a 33: f,h,h,m 51: f,h,h,s 69: f,h,h,d 87: f,h,h,n
16: f,w,c,a 34: f,w,c,m 52: f,w,c,s 70: f,w,c,d 88: f,w,c,n
17: f,a,c,a 35: f,a,c,m 53: f,a,c,s 71: f,a,c,d 89: f,a,c,n
18: f,h,c,a 36: f,h,c,m 54: f,h,c,s 72: f,h,c,d 90: f,h,c,n


(Alcohol dependence)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman] with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. During the last month [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has started to drink more than his/her usual amount of alcohol. In fact, he/she has noticed that he/she needs to drink twice as much as he/she used to get the same effect. Several times, he/she has tried to cut down, or stop drinking, but he/she can't. Each time he/she has tried to cut down, he/she became very agitated, sweaty and he/she couldn't sleep, so he/she took another drink. His/Her family has complained that he/she is often hungover, and has become unreliable -- making plans one day, and canceling them the next.

(Major depression)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman] with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. For the past two weeks [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has been feeling really down. He/She wakes up in the morning with a flat heavy feeling that sticks with him/her all day long. He/She isn't enjoying things the way he/she normally would. In fact nothing gives him/her pleasure. Even when good things happen, they don't seem to make [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] happy. He/She pushes on through his/her days, but it is really hard. The smallest tasks are difficult to accomplish. He/She finds it hard to concentrate on anything. He/She feels out of energy and out of steam. And even though [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] feels tired, when night comes he/she can't go to sleep. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] feels pretty worthless, and very discouraged. [John's/Juan's/Mary's/Maria's] family has noticed that he/she hasn't been himself/herself for about the last month and that he/she has pulled away from them. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] just doesn't feel like talking.

(Schizophrenia)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman] with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. Up until a year ago, life was pretty okay for [John/Juan/Mary/Maria]. But then, things started to change. He/She thought that people around him/her were making disapproving comments, and talking behind his/her back. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] was convinced that people were spying on him/her and that they could hear what he/she was thinking. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] lost his/her drive to participate in his/her usual work and family activities and retreated to his/her home, eventually spending most of his/her day in
his/her room. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] was hearing voices even though no one else was around. These voices told him/her what do and what to think. He/She has been living this way for six months.

(Drug problem)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman] with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. A year ago [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] sniffed cocaine for the first time with friends at a party. During the last few months he/she has been snorting it in binges
that last several days at a time. He/She has lost weight and often experiences chills when binging. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has spent his/her savings to buy cocaine. When [John's/Juan's/Mary's/Maria's] friends try to talk about the changes they see, he/she becomes angry and storms out. Friends and family have also noticed missing possessions and suspect
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has stolen them. He/She has tried to stop snorting cocaine, but can't. Each time he/she tries to stop he/she feels very tired, depressed and unable to sleep. He/She lost his/her job a month ago, after not showing up for work.

(No problem)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman]
with an [eighth grade/high school/college education]. Up until a year ago, life was pretty okay for [John/Juan/Mary/Maria]. While nothing much was going wrong in [John's/Juan's/Mary's/Maria's] life he/she sometimes feels worried, a little sad, or has trouble sleeping at night. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] feels that at times things bother him/her more than they bother other people and that when things go wrong, he/she sometimes gets nervous or annoyed. Otherwise [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is getting along pretty well. He/She enjoys being with other people and although [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] sometimes argues with his/her family, [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has been getting along pretty well with his/her family.