General Social Survey, 2002

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Summary


The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. Items in the 2002 GSS include questions on religious self-identification, denominational affiliation, church attendance, personal beliefs, and religious upbringing.

Data File
Cases: 1,004
Variables: 2,765
Weight Variable: 1001,1004
Data Collection
Date Collected: February, March, and April of 2002
Funded By
National Science Foundation, National Opinion Research Center (NORC), The Lilly Endowment, Inc., the Fetzer Institute, Academy Sinica, the Lilly Corporation, the National Institutes of Mental Health, the Office of Naval Research, the American Association of Retired Persons, and the Luce Foundation.
Collection Procedures
Survey data were taken utilizing personal interviews.
Sampling Procedures
The GSS is a national probability sample that follows a biennial, double sample design adopted in 1994 (this biennial, split-sample design was instituted, consisting of two parallel subsamples of approximately 1,500 cases each, with identical cores and different topical ISSP modules; in effect, the two samples can be viewed as representing the traditional GSS for two consecutive years, although they are fielded together). Full probability sampling was employed in 1998 for all noninstitutionalized English-speaking persons 18 years of age or older, living in the United States.

The national sample uses a variation of the stratified probability proportional to size (PPS) method. First, the nation is divided into clusters, called primary sampling units (PSUs). PSUs are based on counties; the total number of households in each county, as reported by the most recent census....Each metropolitan county is regarded as a PSU, as are many nonmetropolitan counties. Sparsely populated rural counties are merged into adjacent county units to obtain a minimum of 2,000 housing units.

Since NORC samples are based on 100 PSUs, the total number of housing units for a year is divided by 100 to yield a sampling interval (some PSUs have total numbers of housing units exceeding the sampling interval, making it impossible for them not to be included in a sample, see Tourangeau, Johnson, Qian, and Shin, 1993 for further discussion on how these PSUs are treated). Each PSU is assigned a number range based on its total number of housing units. Then a random number is selected, and the first PSU selected is the one within whose range the random number falls. Additional PSUs were selected by adding the sample interval to the initial random number on a cumulative basis.

Once the 100 PSUs are selected, block segments consisting of linked groups of one or more geographically contiguous census blocs are also selected. Segment selections were made using PPS methods on the basis of the total number of housing units in the PPS relative to the national total. (Taken from, Stark and Roberts, 1998 "Contemporary Research Social Research Methods" Bellevue, WA: MicroCase Corporation.)
Principal Investigators
James A. Davis
Tom W. Smith
Peter V. Marsden
The Appropriate Citation for the GSS
Davis, James Allan and Smith, Tom W.: General Social Survey(s), year(s).
(Machine-readable data file). Principal Investigator, James A. Davis; Director and Co-Principal Investigator, Tom W. Smith; Co-Principal Investigator, Peter V. Marsden, NORC ed. Chicago: National Opinion Research Center, producer, 2002; Storrs, CT: The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut, distributor. Micro-computer format and codebook prepared and distributed by MicroCase Corporation.
Note 1: CENSUS CODES (CEN) AND PRESTIGE (PRE) SCORES
CEN PRE MANAGERIAL AND PROFESSIONAL SPECIALTY OCCUPATIONS
Executive, Administrative, and Managerial Occupations
003 61 Legislators
Chief Executives and General Administrators, Public
004 70 Administration
Administrators and Officials
005 51 Administration
006 54 Administrators, Protective Service
007 59 Financial Managers
008 54 Personnel and Labor Relations Managers
009 63 Purchasing Managers
Managers, Marketing, Advertising, and
013 59 Public Relations
014 64 Administrators, Education and Related Fields
015 69 Managers, Medicine and Health
016 39 Managers, Properties and Real Estate
017 53 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents
018 49 Funeral Directors
019 51 Managers and Administrators, nec
023 65 Accountants and Auditors
024 48 Underwriters
025 48 Other Financial Officers
026 61 Management Analysts
Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations
027 43 Specialists
028 42 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products
Buyers, Wholesale and Retail Trade Except
029 50 Farm Products
033 41 Purchasing Agents and Buyers
034 51 Business and Promotion Agents
035 47 Construction Inspectors
036 50 Inspectors and Compliance Officers, Except Construction
037 49 Management Related Occupations, nec
Professional Specialty Occupations
043 73 Architects
044 72 Aerospace Engineers
045 61 Metallurgical and Materials Engineers
046 60 Mining Engineers
047 66 Petroleum Engineers
048 73 Chemical Engineers
049 63 Nuclear Engineers
053 69 Civil Engineers
054 60 Agricultural Engineers
055 64 Electrical and Electronic Engineers
056 62 Industrial Engineers
057 64 Mechanical Engineers
058 59 Marine and Naval Architects
059 71 Engineers, nec
063 51 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists
064 74 Computer Systems Analysts and Scientists
065 53 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts
066 44 Actuaries
067 56 Statisticians
068 63 Mathematical Scientists, nec
069 73 Physicists and Astronomers
073 73 Chemists, Except Biochemists
074 63 Atmospheric and Space Scientists
075 70 Geologists and Geodesists
076 73 Physical Scientists, nec
077 58 Agricultural and Food Scientists
078 73 Biological and Life Scientists
079 55 Forestry and Conservation Scientists
083 64 Medical Scientists
084 86 Physicians
085 72 Dentists
086 62 Veterinary
087 67 Optometrists
088 65 Podiatrists
089 50 Health Diagnosing Practitioners, nec
095 66 Registered Nurses
096 68 Pharmacists
097 56 Dietitians
098 63 Inhalation Therapists
099 56 Occupational Therapists
103 61 Physical Therapists
104 61 Speech Therapists
105 62 Therapists, nec
106 61 Physicians' Assistants
Earth, Environmental, and Marine Science
113 74 Teachers
114 74 Biological Science Teachers
115 74 Chemistry Teachers
116 74 Physics Teachers
117 74 Natural Science Teachers, nec
118 74 Psychology Teachers
119 74 Economics Teachers
123 74 History Teachers
124 74 Political Science Teachers
125 74 Sociology Teachers
126 74 Social Science Teachers, nec
127 74 Engineering Teachers
128 74 Mathematical Science Teachers
129 74 Computer Science Teachers
133 74 Medical Science Teachers
134 74 Health Specialties Teachers
135 74 Business, Commerce, and Marketing Teachers
136 74 Agriculture and Forestry Teachers
137 74 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers
138 74 Physical Education Teachers
139 74 Education Teachers
143 74 English Teachers
144 74 Foreign Language Teachers
145 74 Law Teachers
146 74 Social Work Teachers
147 74 Theology Teachers
148 74 Trade and Industrial Teachers
149 74 Home Economics Teachers
153 74 Teachers, Postsecondary, nec
154 74 Postsecondary Teachers, Subject Not Specified
155 55 Teachers, Prekindergarten and Kindergarten
156 64 Teachers, Elementary School
157 66 Teachers, Secondary School
158 65 Teachers, Special Education
159 46 Teachers, nec
163 57 Counselors, Educational and Vocational
164 54 Librarians
165 52 Archivists and Curators
166 63 Economists
167 69 Psychologists
168 61 Sociologists
169 65 Social Scientists, nec
173 52 Urban Planners
174 52 Social Workers
175 38 Recreation Workers
176 69 Clergy
177 44 Religious Workers, nec
178 75 Lawyers
179 71 Judges
183 63 Authors
184 54 Technical Writers
185 47 Designers
186 47 Musicians and Composers
187 58 Actors and Directors
Painters, Sculptors, Craft-Artists, and Artist
188 52 Printmakers
189 45 Photographers
193 53 Dancers
Artists, Performers, and Related
194 36 Workers, nec
195 60 Editors and Reporters
197 48 Public Relations Specialists
198 55 Announcers
199 65 Athletes
CEN PRE TECHNICAL, SALES, ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT CCUPATIONS
Technicians and Related Support Occupations
Clinical Laboratory Technologists and
203 68 Technicians
204 52 Dental hygienists
205 52 Health Record Technologists and Technicians
206 58 Radiologic Technicians
207 60 Licensed Practical Nurses
208 57 Health Technologists and Technicians, nec
213 60 Electrical and Electronic Technicians
214 40 Industrial Engineering Technicians
215 54 Mechanical Engineering Technicians
216 48 Engineering Technicians, nec
217 51 Drafting Occupations
218 36 Surveying and Mapping Technicians
223 32 Biological Technicians
224 38 Chemical Technicians
225 44 Science Technicians, nec
226 61 Airplane Pilots and Navigators
227 65 Air Traffic Controllers
228 43 Broadcast Equipment Operators
229 61 Computer Programmers
233 48 Tool Programmers, Numerical Control
234 57 Legal Assistants
235 41 Technicians, nec
Sales Occupations
243 44 Supervisors and Proprietors, Sales Occupations
253 45 Insurance Sales Occupations
254 49 Real Estate Sales Occupations
255 53 Securities and Financial Services Sales Occupations
256 39 Advertising and Related Sales Occupations
257 32 Sales Occupations, Other Business Services
258 53 Sales Engineers
259 49 Sales Representatives, Mining, Manufacturing, and Wholesale
263 34 Sales Workers, Motor Vehicles and Boats
264 30 Sales Workers, Apparel
265 28 Sales Workers, Shoes
266 31 Sales Workers, Furniture and Home Furnishings
267 31 Sales Workers, Radio, TV, Hi-Fi, and Appliances
268 32 Sales Workers, Hardware and Building Supplies
269 30 Sales Workers, Parts
274 32 Sales Workers, Other Commodities
275 34 Sales Counter Clerks
276 29 Cashiers
277 22 Street and Door-To-Door Sales Workers
278 19 News Vendors
283 32 Demonstrators, Promoters and Models, Sales
284 39 Auctioneers
285 36 Sales Support Occupations, nec
Administrative Support Occupations, including Clerical
303 51 Supervisors, General Office
304 54 Supervisors, Computer Equipment Operators
305 52 Supervisors, Financial Records Processing
306 49 Chief Communications Operators
307 42 Supervisors, Distribution, Scheduling, and Adjusting Clerks
308 50 Computer Operators
309 40 Peripheral Equipment Operators
313 46 Secretaries
314 47 Stenographers
315 40 Typists
316 49 Interviewers
317 32 Hotel Clerks
318 35 Transportation Ticket and Reservation Agents
319 39 Receptionists
323 34 Information Clerks, nec
325 31 Classified-Ad Clerks
326 35 Correspondence Clerks
327 31 Order Clerks
Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and
328 36 Timekeeping
329 29 Library Clerks
335 36 File Clerks
336 31 Records Clerks
337 47 Bookkeepers, Accounting and Auditing Clerks
338 42 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks
339 31 Billing Clerks
343 28 Cost and Rate Clerks
Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine
344 35 Operators
345 35 Duplicating Machine Operators
Mail Preparing and Paper Handling Machine
346 36 Operators
347 39 Office Machine Operators, nec
348 40 Telephone Operators
349 45 Telegraphers
353 33 Communications Equipment Operators, nec
354 42 Postal Clerks, Excluding Mail Carriers
355 47 Mail Carriers, Postal Service
356 32 Mail Clerks, Excluding Postal Service
357 22 Messengers
359 35 Dispatchers
363 42 Product Coordinators
364 33 Traffic, Shipping and Receiving Clerks
365 27 Stock and Inventory Clerks
366 34 Meter Readers
368 28 Weighers, Measurers, and Checkers
369 35 Samplers
373 43 Expediters
Material Recording, Scheduling and Distributing
374 24 Clerks, nec
375 47 Insurance Adjuster, Examiners, and Investigators
376 40 Investigators and Adjusters, Except Insurance
377 46 Eligibility Clerks, Social Welfare
378 24 Bill and Account Collectors
379 34 General Office Clerks
383 43 Bank Tellers
384 43 Proofreaders
385 41 Data-Entry Keyers
386 38 Statistical Clerks
387 43 Teachers' Aides
389 33 Administrative Support Occupations, nec
CEN PRE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
Private Household Occupations
403 23 Launderers and Ironers
404 30 Cooks, Private Household
405 34 Housekeepers and Butlers
406 29 Child Care Workers, Private Household
407 23 Private Household Cleaners and Servants
Protective Service Occupations
413 60 Supervisors, Firefighting and Fire Prevention Occupations
414 62 Supervisors, Police and Detectives
415 38 Supervisors, Guards
416 60 Fire Inspection and Fire Prevention Occupations
417 53 Firefighting Occupations
418 60 Police and Detectives, Public Service
423 48 Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and Other Law Enforcement Officers
424 40 Correctional Institution Officers
425 32 Crossing Guards
426 42 Guards and Police, Excluding Public Service
427 37 Protective Service Occupations
Armed Forces
430 49 Former Member of the Armed Forces
431 49 Current member of the Armed Forces
Service Occupations, Except Protective and Household
433 35 Supervisors, Food Preparation and Service Occupations
434 25 Bartenders
435 28 Waiters and Waitresses
436 31 Cooks, Except Short Order
437 28 Short Order Cooks
438 28 Food Counter, Fountain and Related Occupations
439 24 Kitchen Workers, Food Preparations
443 21 Waiters'/Waitresses' Assistants
444 17 Miscellaneous Food Preparation Occupations
445 45 Dental Assistants
446 51 Health Aids, Except Nursing
448 36 Supervisors, Cleaning and Building Service Workers
449 20 Maids and Housemen
453 22 Janitors and Cleaners
454 28 Elevator Operators
455 32 Pest Control Occupations
456 37 Supervisors, Personal Service Occupations
457 36 Barbers
458 36 Hairdressers and cosmetologists
459 25 Attendants, Amusement and Recreation Facilities
463 29 Guides
464 20 Ushers
465 42 Public Transportation Attendants
466 27 Baggage Porters and Bellhops
467 46 Welfare Service Aides
468 36 Child Care Workers, Except Private Household
469 25 Personal Service Occupations, nec
CEN PRE FARMING OPERATORS AND MANAGERS
Farm Operators and Managers
473 40 Farmers, Except Horticultural
474 37 Horticultural Specialty Farmers
475 48 Managers, Farms, Except Horticultural
476 48 Managers, Horticultural Specialty Farms
Farm Occupations, Except Managerial
477 44 Supervisors, Farm Workers
479 23 Farm Workers
483 31 Marine Life Cultivation Workers
484 26 Nursery Workers
Related Agricultural Occupations
485 36 Supervisors, Related Agricultural Occupations
486 29 Groundskeepers and Gardeners, Except Farm
487 21 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm
488 31 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products
489 49 Inspectors, Agricultural Products
Forestry and Logging Occupations
494 44 Supervisors, Forestry and Logging Workers
495 39 Forestry Workers, Except Logging
496 31 Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
Fishers, Hunters, and Trappers
497 43 Captains and Other Officers, Fishing Vessels
498 34 Fishers
499 23 Hunters and Trappers
CEN PRE PRECISION PRODUCTION, CRAFT, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
Mechanics and Repairers
503 50 Supervisors, Mechanics and Repairers
505 40 Automobile Mechanics, Except Apprentices
506 34 Automobile Mechanic Apprentices
507 44 Bus, Truck, and Stationary Engine Mechanics
508 53 Aircraft Engine Mechanics
509 28 Small Engine Repairers
514 31 Automobile Body and Related Repairers
515 53 Aircraft Mechanics, Excluding Engine
516 45 Heavy Equipment Mechanics
517 36 Farm Equipment Mechanics
518 30 Industrial Machinery Repairers
519 26 Machinery Maintenance Occupations
Electronic Repairers, Communications and
523 39 Industrial Equipment
525 51 Data Processing Equipment Repairers
526 38 Household Appliance and Power Tool Repairers
527 41 Telephone Line Installers and Repairers
529 36 Telephone Installers and Repairers
Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic
533 39 Equipment Repairers
Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration
534 42 Mechanics
Camera, Watch, and Musical Instrument
535 35 Repairers
536 39 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers
538 37 Office Machine Repairers
539 36 Mechanical Controls and Valve Repairers
543 39 Elevator Installers and Repairers
544 43 Millwrights
547 32 Specified Mechanics and Repairers, nec
549 44 Not Specified Mechanics and Repairers
Construction Trades
553 50 Supervisors, Brickmasons, Stonemasons, and Title Setters
554 50 Supervisors, Carpenters and Related Work
555 50 Supervisors, Electricians and Power Transmission Installers
556 50 Supervisors, Painters, Paperhangers, and Plasterers
557 50 Supervisors, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
558 54 Supervisors, nec
563 36 Brickmasons and Stonemasons, Except Apprentices
564 26 Brickmasons and Stonemasons Apprentices
565 31 Tile Setters, Hard and Soft
566 34 Carpet Installers
567 39 Carpenters, Except Apprentices
569 29 Carpenter Apprentices
573 34 Drywall Installers
575 51 Electricians, Except Apprentices
576 41 Electrician Apprentices
577 46 Electrical Power Installers and Repairers
579 34 Painters, Construction and Maintenance
583 31 Paperhangers
584 35 Plasterers
585 45 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters, Except Apprentices
587 35 Plumber, Pipefitter, and Steamfitter Apprentices
588 38 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers
589 30 Glaziers
593 33 Insulation Workers
594 33 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
595 37 Roofers
596 35 Sheetmetal Duct installers
597 43 Structural Metal Workers
598 40 Drillers, Earth
599 36 Construction Trades, nec
Extractive Occupations
613 44 Supervisors, Extractive Occupations
614 42 Drillers, Oil Well
615 38 Explosives Workers
616 35 Mining Machine Operators
Precision Production Occupations
617 29 Mining Occupations, nec
633 47 Supervisors, Production Occupations
634 43 Tool and Die Makers, Except Apprentices
635 33 Tool and Die Maker Apprentices
636 31 Precision Assemblers, Metal
637 47 Machinists, Except Apprentices
639 35 Machinist Apprentices
643 40 Boilermakers
644 26 Precision Grinders, Fitters, and Tool Sharpeners
645 38 Patternmakers and Model Makers, Metal
646 30 Lay-Out Workers
647 45 Precious Stones and Metals Workers
649 38 Engravers, Metal
653 50 Sheet Metal Workers, Except Apprentices
654 38 Sheet Metal Worker, Apprentices
655 36 Miscellaneous Precision Metal Workers
656 39 Patternmakers and model Makers, Wood
657 44 Cabinet Makers and Bench Carpenters
658 39 Furniture and wood Finishers
659 36 Miscellaneous Precision Woodworkers
666 36 Dressmakers
667 42 Tailors
668 35 Upholsters
669 36 Shoe Repairers
673 37 Apparel and Fabric Patternmakers
674 34 Miscellaneous Precision apparel and Fabric Workers
675 32 Hand Molders and Shapers, Except Jewelers
676 28 Patternmakers, Lay-Out Workers, and Cutters
677 38 Optical Goods Workers
678 56 Dental Laboratory and Medical Appliance Technicians
679 32 Bookbinders
683 28 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers
684 30 Miscellaneous Precision Workers, nec
686 35 Butchers and Meat Cutters
687 35 Bakers
688 30 Food Batchmakers
689 42 Inspectors, Testers, and Graders
693 40 Adjusters and Calibrators
694 38 Water and Sewage Treatment Plant Operators
695 43 Power Plant Operators
696 40 Stationary Engineers
699 43 Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators
CEN PRE OPERATORS, FABRICATORS, AND LABORERS
Machine Operators, Assemblers, and Inspectors
703 41 Lathe and Turning Machine Set-Up Operators
704 37 Lathe and Turning Machine Operators
705 32 Milling and Planing Machine Operators
706 35 Punching and Stamping Press Machine Operators
707 40 Rolling Machine Operators
708 37 Drilling and Boring machine Operators
709 23 Grinding, Abrading, Buffing, and Polishing Machine Operators
713 36 Forging machine operators
714 40 Numerical Control Machine Operators
715 29 Misc. Metal, Plastic, Stone and Glass Working Machine Operators
717 38 Fabricating Machine Operators, nec
719 34 Molding and Casting machine Operators
723 36 Metal Plating Machine Operators
723 36 Heat Treating Equipment Operators
725 35 Miscellaneous Metal and Plastic Processing Machine Operators
726 37 Wood Lathe, Routing and Planing Machine Operators
727 34 Sawing Machine Operators
728 30 Shaping and Joining Machine Operators
729 27 Nailing and Tacking Machine Operators
733 22 Miscellaneous Woodworking Machine Operators
734 39 Printing Machine Operators
735 40 Photoengravers and Lithographers
736 40 Typesetters and Compositors
737 37 Miscellaneous Printing Machine Operators
738 30 Winding and Twisting Machine Operators
739 34 Knitting, Looping, Taping, and Weaving Machine Operators
743 28 Textile Cutting Machine Operators
744 28 Textile Sewing Machine Operators
745 44 Shoe Machine Operators
747 29 Pressing Machine Operators
748 32 Laundering and Dry Cleaning Machine Operators
749 33 Miscellaneous Textile Machine Operators
753 35 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators
754 25 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators
755 32 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators
756 26 Mixing and Blending Machine Operators
757 30 Separating, Filtering, and Clarifying Machine Operators
758 30 Compressing and Compacting Machine Operators
759 30 Painting and Paint Spraying Machine Operators
763 23 Roasting and Baking Machine Operators, Food
764 25 Washing, Cleaning, and Pickling Machine Operators
765 28 Folding Machine Operators
766 40 Furnace, Kiln, and Oven Operators, Except Food
768 31 Crushing and Grinding Machine Operators
769 34 Slicing and Cutting Machine Operators
773 38 Motion Picture Projectionists
774 38 Photographic Process Machine Operators
777 30 Miscellaneous and Not Specified Machine Operators, nec
779 33 Machine Operators, Not Specified
783 42 Welders and Cutters
784 33 Solderers and Blazers
785 35 Assemblers
786 26 Hand Cutting and Trimming Occupations
787 33 Hand Molding, Casting, and Forming Occupations
789 31 Hand Painting, Coating, and Decorating Occupations
793 42 Hand Engraving and Printing Occupations
794 35 Hand Grinding and Polishing Occupations
795 32 Miscellaneous Hand Working Occupations
796 36 Production Inspectors, Checkers, and Examiners
797 38 Production Testers
798 42 Production Samplers and Weighers
799 33 Graders and Sorters, Except Agricultural
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
803 38 Supervisors, Motor Vehicle Operators
804 30 Truck Drivers, Heavy
805 30 Truck Drivers, Light
806 24 Driver-Sales Workers
808 32 Bus Drivers
809 28 Taxicab Drivers and Chauffeurs
813 21 Parking Lot Attendants
814 25 Motor Transportation Occupations, nec
823 42 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters
824 41 Locomotive Operating Occupations
825 40 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators
826 47 Rail Vehicle Operators, nec
828 54 Ship Captains and Mates, Except Fishing Boats
829 34 Sailors and Deckhands
833 43 Marine Engineers
834 28 Bridge, Lock and Lighthouse Tenders
843 45 Supervisors, Material Moving Equipment Operators
844 50 Operating Engineers
845 34 Longshore Equipment Operators
848 36 Hoist and Winch Operators
849 42 Crane and Tower Operators
853 38 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators
855 34 Grader, Dozer, and Scraper Operators
856 35 Industrial Truck and Tractor Equipment Operators
859 27 Miscellaneous Material Moving Equipment Operators
Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers, and Laborers
863 27 Supervisors, Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, and Laborers, nec
864 33 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers
865 30 Helpers, Construction Trades
866 38 Helpers, Surveyor
867 38 Helpers, Extractive Occupations
869 36 Construction Laborers
873 31 Production Helpers
875 28 Garbage Collectors
876 37 Stevedores
877 23 Stock Handlers and Baggers
878 37 Machine Feeders and Offbearers
883 27 Freight, Stock, and Material Handlers, nec
885 21 Garage and Service Station Related Occupations
887 19 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners
888 22 Hand Packers and Packagers
889 24 Laborers, Except Construction
Note 2: 1980 INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION
IND AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES
010 Agricultural production, crops
011 Agricultural production, livestock
020 Agricultural services, except horticultural
021 Horticultural services
030 Forestry
031 Fishing, hunting, and trapping, etc
IND MINING
040 Metal mining
041 Coal mining
042 Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction
050 Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel
IND CONSTRUCTION
060 Construction
IND MANUFACTURING NONDURABLE GOODS
Food and kindred products
100 Meat products
101 Dairy products
102 Canned and preserved fruits and vegetables
110 Grain mill products
111 Bakery products
112 Sugar and confectionery products
120 Beverage industries
121 Miscellaneous food preparations and kindred products
122 Not specified food industries
130 Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
132 Knitting mills
140 Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool and knit goods
141 Floor coverings, except hard surface
142 Yarn, thread, and fabric mills
150 Miscellaneous textile mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products
151 Apparel and accessories, except knit
152 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Paper and allied products
160 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
161 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products
162 Paperboard containers and boxes
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
171 Newspaper publishing and printing
172 Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except newspapers
Chemicals and allied products
180 Plastics, synthetics, and resigns
181 Drugs
182 Soaps and cosmetics
190 Paints, varnishes, and related products
191 Agricultural chemicals
192 Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals
Petroleum and coal products
200 Petroleum refining
201 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
210 Tires and inner tubes
211 Other rubber products, and plastics footwear and belting
212 Miscellaneous plastics products
Leather and leather products
220 Leather tanning and finishing
221 Footwear, except rubber and plastic
222 Leather products, except footwear
IND MANUFACTURING DURABLE GOODS
Lumber and wood products, except furniture
230 Logging
231 Sawmills, planning mills, and millwork
232 Wood building and mobile homes
241 Miscellaneous wood products
242 Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, glass, and concrete products
250 Glass and glass products
251 Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
252 Structural clay products
261 Pottery and related products
262 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products
Metal industries
270 Blast furnaces, steelworks, rolling and finishing mills
271 Iron and steel foundries
272 Primary aluminum industries
280 Other primary metal industries
281 Cutlery, hand tools, and other hardware
282 Fabricated structural metal products
290 Screw machine products
291 Metal forgings and stampings
292 Ordnance
300 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
301 Not specified metal industries
Machinery, except electrical
310 Engines and turbines
311 Farm machinery and equipment
312 Construction and material handling machines
320 Metalworking machinery
321 Office and accounting machines
322 Electronic computing equipment
331 Machinery, except electrical, nec
332 Not specified machinery
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
340 Household appliances
341 Radio, TV, and communication equipment
342 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
350 Not specified electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
Transportation equipment
351 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment
352 Aircraft and parts
360 Ship and boat building and repairing
361 Railroad locomotives and equipment
362 Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts
370 Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches
371 Scientific and controlling instruments
372 Optical and health services supplies
380 Photographic equipment and supplies
381 Watches, clocks, and clockwork operated devices
382 Not specified professional equipment
390 Toys, amusement, and sporting goods
391 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
392 Not specified manufacturing industries
IND TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
Transportation
400 Railroads
401 Bus service and urban transit
402 Taxicab service
410 Trucking service
411 Warehousing and storage
412 UW Postal Service
420 Water transportation
421 Air transportation
422 Pipe lines, except natural gas
432 Services incidental to transportation
Communications
440 Radio and television broadcasting
441 Telephone (wire and radio)
442 Telegraph and miscellaneous communication service
Utilities and sanitary services
460 Electric light and power
461 Gas and steam supply systems
462 Electric and gas, and other combinations
470 Water supply and irrigation
471 Sanitary services
472 Not specified utilities
IND WHOLESALE TRADE DURABLE GOODS
500 Motor vehicles and equipment
501 Furniture and home furnishings
502 Lumber and construction materials
510 Sporting goods, toys, and hobby goods
511 Metals and minerals, except petroleum
512 Electrical goods
521 Hardware, plumbing and heating supplies
522 Not specified electrical and hardware products
530 Machinery, equipment, and supplies
531 Scrap and waste materials
532 Miscellaneous wholesale, durable goods
IND WHOLESALE TRADE NONDURABLE GOODS
540 Paper and paper products
541 Drugs, chemicals, and allied products
542 Apparel, fabrics, and notions
550 Groceries and related products
551 Farm products-raw materials
552 Petroleum products
560 Alcoholic beverages
561 Farm supplies
562 Miscellaneous wholesale, nondurable goods
571 Not specified wholesale grade
IND RETAIL TRADE
580 Lumber and building material retailing
581 Hardware stores
590 Mobile home dealers
591 Department stores
592 Variety stores
600 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores
601 Grocery stores
602 Dairy products stores
610 Retail bakeries
611 Food stores, nec
612 Motor vehicle dealers
620 Auto and home supply stores
621 Gasoline service stations
622 Miscellaneous vehicle dealers
630 Apparel and accessory stores, except show
631 Shoe stores
632 Furniture and home furnishings stores
640 Household appliances, TV, and radio stores
641 Eating and drinking places
642 Drug stores
650 Liquor stores
651 Sporting goods, bicycles, and hobby stores
652 Book and stationery stores
660 Jewelry stores
661 Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores
662 Mail order houses
670 Vending machine operators
671 Direct selling establishments
672 Fuel and ice dealers
681 Retail florists
682 Miscellaneous retail stores
691 Not specified retail trade
IND FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
700 Banking
701 Savings and loan associations
702 Credit agencies, nec
710 Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies
711 Insurance
712 Real estate, including real estate-insurance-law offices
IND BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES
721 Advertising
722 Services to dwellings and other buildings
730 Commercial research, development, and testing labs
731 Personnel supply services
732 Business management and consulting services
740 Computer and data processing services
741 Detective and protective services
742 Business services, nec
750 Automotive services, except repair
751 Automotive repair shops
752 Electrical repair shops
760 Miscellaneous repair services
IND PERSONAL SERVICES
761 Private households
762 Hotels and motels
770 Lodging places, except hotels and motels
771 Laundry, cleaning, and garment services
772 Beauty shops
780 Barber shops
781 Funeral service and crematories
782 Shoe repair shops
790 Dressmaking shops
791 Miscellaneous personal services
IND ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
800 Theaters and motion pictures
801 Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors
802 Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services
IND PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
812 Offices of physicians
820 Offices of dentists
821 Offices of chiropractors
822 Offices of optometrists
830 Offices of health practitioners, nec
831 Hospitals
832 Nursing and personal care facilities
840 Health services, nec
841 Legal services
842 Elementary and secondary schools
850 Colleges and universities
851 Business, trade, and vocational schools
852 Libraries
860 Educational services, nec
861 Job training and vocational rehabilitation services
862 Child day care services
870 Residential care facilities, without nursing
871 Social services, nec
872 Museums, art galleries and zoos
880 Religious organizations
881 Membership organizations
882 Engineering, architectural, and surveying services
890 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services
891 Noncommercial educational and scientific research
892 Miscellaneous professional related services
IND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
900 Executive and legislative offices
901 General government, nec
910 Justice, public order, and safety
921 Public finance, taxation, and monetary policy
922 Administration of human resources programs
930 Administration of environmental quality and Household programs
931 Administration of economic programs
932 National security and international affairs
998 Don't know
999 No answer
Note 3: NORC SIZE OF PLACE
1 Within an SMSA and--a large central city (over 250,000)
2 a medium size central city (50,000 to 250,000)
3 a suburb of a large central city
4 a suburb of a medium size central city
5 an unincorporated area of a large central city (division, township,
etc)
6 an unincorporated area of a medium central city
7 Not within an SMSA, (within a county) and--a small city (10,000 to
49,999)
8 a town or village (2,500 to 9,999)
9 an incorporated area less than 2,500 or an unincorporated area of
1,000 to 2,499
10 open country within larger civil divisions, eg, township, division
Note 4: SRC NEW BELT CODE
1 Central city of 12 largest SMSAs
2 Central city of remainder of the 100 largest SMSAs
3 Suburbs of 12 largest SMSAs
4 Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest SMSAs
5 Other Urban (counties having towns of 10,000 or more)
6 Other rural (counties having no towns of 10,000 or more)
Note 5: OTHER SPECIFY FOR RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
Protestant denominations distributions
Category name Value
Hungarian Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Evangelical Congregational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ind. Bible, Bible, Bible Fellowship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Eckankar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Church of Prophecy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
New Testament Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Church of God, Saint & Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Moravian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Christian & Missionary Alliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Advent Christian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Spiritualist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Assembly of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Free Methodist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Apostolic Faith. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
African Methodist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Free Will Baptist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Eden Evangelist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Holiness (Nazarene). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Baptist (Northern) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Brethren Church, Brethren. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Witness Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Brethren, Plymouth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
United Brethren, United Brethren in Christ . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Independent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Christian Disciples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Christ in Christian Union. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Open Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Christian Catholic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Christ Church Unity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Christ Adelphians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Christian; Central Christian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Christian Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Christian Scientist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Church of Christ, Evangelical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Church of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Churches of God (Except with Christ and Holiness). . . . . . . . 36
Church of God in Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Church of God in Christ Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Church of the Living God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Congregationalist, 1st Congreg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Community Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Covenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Dutch Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Disciples of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Evangelical, Evangelist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Evangelical Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Evangelist Free Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
First Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
First Christian Disciples of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
First Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
First Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Full Gospel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Four Square Gospel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Friends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Holy Roller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Holiness; Church of Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Pilgrim Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Jehovah's Witnesses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
LDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
LDS-Mormon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
LDS-Reorganized. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
LDS-Jesus Christ; Church of Jesus LDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Mennonite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Mormon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Nazarene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Pentecostal Assembly of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Pentecostal Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Pentecostal Holiness, Holiness Pentecostal . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Quaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Reformed United Church of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Reformed Church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Religious Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Mind Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Salvation Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
7th Day Adventist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Sanctified, Sanctification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
United Holiness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Unitarian, Universalist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
United Church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
United Church, Unity Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Wesleyan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Wesleyan Methodist-Pilgrim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Zion Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Zion Union Apostolic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Zion Union Apostolic-Reformed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Disciples of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Grace Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Holiness Church of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Evangelical Convenant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Million Covenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Missionary Baptist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Swedish Mission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Unity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
United Church of Christianity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Other Fundamentalist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Federated Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
American Reform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Grace Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Christ in God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Charismatic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Pentecostal Apostolic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
House of Prayer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Latvian Lutheran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Triumph Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Apostolic Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Christ Cathedral of Truth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Bible Missionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Calvary Bible. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Amish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Evangelical Methodist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Worldwide Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Church Universal and Triumphant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Mennonite Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Church of the First Born . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Missionary Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
The Way Ministry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
United Church of Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Evangelical United Brethren. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
The Church of God of Prophecy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Chapel of Faith. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Polish National Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Faith Gospel Tabernacle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Christian Calvary Chapel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Camelite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Church of Daniel's Band. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Christian Tabernacle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Living Word. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
True Light church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Macedonia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Brother of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Primitive Baptist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Independent Fundamental Church of America. . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Chinese Gospel Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
New Age Spirituality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
New Song . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Apostolic Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Faith Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
People's Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
New Birth Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Unity School of Christianity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Assyrian Evangelish Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Don't know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 998
No Answer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999
Not Applicable (Not Protestant and Protestant
Denomination Given, and Not Married) . . . . . . . . . . .blank
Note 6: DOCTOR VIGNETTE FOR DOCGIV
Imagine you've been experiencing headaches. You visit your doctor and talk to him about your symptoms. You also tell the doctor that you' ve been feeling a lot of stress lately. After doing a complete examination, the doctor decides that the headaches are probably due to stress. The doctor wants to work with you over the next month to reduce your stress.


You want to have an MRI to make sure everything is OK. An MRI is a special and expensive type of x-ray that allows doctors to take detailed pictures of parts of the body such as the heart, spinal cord, or head. Remember that after your complete examination the doctor thinks you don't need the MRI. Then imagine that you have the following conversation with the doctor about the MRI and financial incentives. In this dialogue, the patient speaks first.


VIGNETTE 1 - CODE 1
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.


DOC: Our physician's group does have financial incentives to keep costs down by avoiding tests when they are not necessary. However, no single decision about an MRI affects my salary. In my opinion an MRI is not needed in your case.


VIGNETTE 2 - CODE 2
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.


DOC: It used to be that physicians were able to provide tests for patients just to set their minds at rest. Unfortunately, your health plan won't allow me to do it for that reason. Even though I'd like to order it for you, your plan is not going to pay for it.


VIGNETTE 3 - CODE 3
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.


DOC: I can understand that you're worried about whether everything is OK. It also sounds like you're worried that I'm not ordering the test because it's too expensive. These days with Managed Care lots of people share your worries about this. I want to set your mind at rest because I truly do not think that the test is needed at this point.


VIGNETTE 4 - CODE 4
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I' m worried that you won't order it because it' s too expensive.


DOC: I understand that you'd like an MRI to make sure that everything is OK. But based on your symptoms, I really don't think you need one. I'd like to treat you for a month or so and then talk again about whether we need an MRI. Would that be acceptable to you?


VIGNETTE 5 - CODE 5
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.


DOC: I've had a lot of experience taking care of patients with problems like yours. The problem you 're having is really quite common. You should follow the treatment I've outlined, and then I can reevaluate the situation again in a month.


VIGNETTE 6 - CODE 6
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.


DOC: I usually don't order an MRI under circumstances like yours. There's no outside pressure that has made any difference in how I treat patients with headaches. You may set your mind at rest that I'm doing this because this is how I practice medicine.
Note 7: MENTAL HEALTH VIGNETTE
Next I' m going to describe a youth -- named (John/Mary). After I read a description of (him/her) I'll ask you some questions about how you think and feel about (him/her).


ADHD vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/ black), (male/female), (child who is 8/youth who is 14) years old. (John/Mary) has always had trouble in school, especially in completing assignments on time, even though (he/she) has average intelligence. (John/Mary)' s teachers note that (John/Mary) is very distractible, and that they often have to remind (John/Mary) to get back to the task at hand . (John/Mary) is often up and down, out of (his/her) seat, looking out the window, or talking to classmates. (John/Mary) does similar things at home. (His/Her) parents notice that (he/she) easily forgets what (he/she)' s supposed to be doing, has trouble getting up in the morning and going to bed at night, and loses things like toys and games. (John/Mary) also has difficulty making and keeping friends.


Depression vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/black), (m ale/female) (child who is 8/youth w ho is 14) years old. In the last few months, (John/Mary) has been increasingly moody, staying in (his/her) room after school, and seems to have lost interest in (his/her) favorite hobbies and in friends. (John/Mary) says that (he/she) always feels very tired even though (he/she) is sleeping more than norm al, and doesn't feel like eating. (John/Mary) has been having trouble concentrating on what (he/she) is doing both in school and at home, and has told (his/her ) parents that "I wish I hadn't been born. " One o f (John/Mary)' s friends has also heard (him/her) talk about committing suicide.


Normal vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/ black), (male/ female) (child who is 8/ youth who is 14) year s old. (John/Mary) has several friends in (his/her) neighborhood that (he/ she) gets together with one or two times per w eek, and is involved in several hobbies, including sports and music. (John/Mary) usually gets along fairly well with other kids, but occasionally has some problems with needing to have (his/her) own way or go first in games. (John/Mary) is of average intelligence and behaves appropriately at school, although (he/ she) tends to be somewhat shy about participating in c lass. (John/Mary)' s parents note that (he/she) is sometimes moody, but this comes and goes.


Asthma vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/black), (male/ female) (child who is 8/youth who is 14) years old. (John/Mary) has a history of breathing problems. (John/Mary) often has bouts of coughing at night, and doesn't sleep very well. (His/ Her) parents and teachers have noticed that these problems seem to be particularly bad during challenging situations, in the spring and fall, and during strenuous sports activities. (John/ Mar y) used to enjoy playing soccer but recently gave it up because o f these problems. (John/Mar y) feels badly about (his/her) breathing problems, which seem to be getting worse, and wishes (he/she) could "be just like other kids. " (John/ Mary) is involved in several hobbies, including sports and music, and shares these activities with several friends.


1:John,white,8,adhd
2:John,white,14,adhd
3:Mary,white,8,adhd
4:Mary,white,14,adhd
5:John,black,8,adhd
6:John,black,14,adhd
7:Mary,black,8,adhd
8:Mary,black,14,adhd
9:John,white,8,depression
10:John,white,14,depression
11:Mary,white,8,depression
12:Mary,white,14,depression
13:John,black,8,depression
14:John,black,14,depression
15:Mary,black,8,depression
16:Mary,black,14,depression
17:John,white,8,normal
18:John,white,14,normal
19:Mary,white,8,normal
20:Mary,white,14,normal
21:John,black,8,normal
22:John,black,14,normal
23:Mary,black,8,normal
24:Mary,black,14,normal
25:John,white,8,asthma
26:John,white,14,asthma
27:Mary,white,8,asthma
28:Mary,white,14,asthma
29:John,black,8,asthma
30:John,black,14,asthma
31:Mary,black,8,asthma
32:Mary,black,14,asthma