General Social Survey, 2004

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Summary


The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. The 2004 data contain twelve topical modules, including modules on daily spiritual experiences and religious transformations.

Data File
Cases: 2,812
Variables: 1,174
Weight Variable: WT2004, WT2004NR
Data Collection
Date Collected: 2004
Funded By
National Science Foundation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CIRCLE, the Fetzer Institute, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, the Metanexus Institute, the Institute for Research on Unlimited Love, the National Human Genome Research Institute, the Smith Richardson Foundation, the Bureau of the Census, the Russell Sage Foundation, and Yale University.
Collection Procedures
In-person interview (approximately 90 minutes long).
Sampling Procedures
NORC has introduced an innovative approach to demographic sampling frame construction and sample design for NORC's program of face-to-face surveys from 2004 onwards." The important changes from previous GSS designs are: (i) the construction of a new list-assisted sampling frame for 72% of the population; (ii) an increase in the size of the certainty stratum (the proportion of the population covered by certainty area selections); (iii) designation of new primary sampling units (PSUs) for the certainty stratum; (iv) designation of new secondary sampling units (SSUs) for the remaining "urban" areas; and (v) designation of larger SSUs for the remaining areas.
Principal Investigators
James A. Davis
Tom W. Smith
Peter V. Marsden
Related Publications
See bibliography at http://www.norc.org/GSS+Website/
Notes
The appropriate citation for the GSS is:
Davis, James Allan and Smith, Tom W.: General Social Survey(s), year(s).
(Machine-readable data file). Principal Investigator, James A. Davis; Director and Co-Principal Investigator, Tom W. Smith; Co-Principal Investigator, Peter V. Marsden, NORC ed. Chicago: National Opinion Research Center, producer, 2002; Storrs, CT: The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut, distributor. Micro-computer format and codebook prepared and distributed by MicroCase Corporation.
NORC also requests that you send a copy of your article to the General
Social Survey, NORC, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637.

Information on weighting
Due to the adoption of the non-respondent, sub-sampling design, a weight must be employed when using the 2004 GSS. One possibility is to use the variable PHASE and weight by it so that the sub-sampled cases were properly represented. If one wanted to maintain the original sample size, one would weight by PHASE*0.87258. This weight would only apply to 2004 and would not take into account the number of adults weight discussed above. As such, it would be appropriate for generalizing to households and not to adults. A second possibility is to use the variable WT2004. This variable takes into consideration a) the subsampling of non-respondents, and b) the number of adults in the household. It also essentially maintains the original sample size. In years prior to 2004 a one is assigned to all cases so they are effectively unweighted. To adjust for number of adults in years prior to 2004, a number of adults weight would need to be utilized as described above. A third possibility is to use the variable WT2004NR. It is similar to WT2004, but adds in an area non-response adjustment. Thus, this variable takes into consideration a) the sub-sampling of non-respondents, b) the number of adults in the household, and c) differential non-response across areas.

It also essentially maintains the original sample size. As with WT2004, WT2004NR has a value of one assigned to all pre-2004 cases and as such they are effectively unweighted. Number of adults can be utilized to make this adjustment for years prior to 2004, but no area non-response adjustment is possible prior to 2004. Details on the construction of WT2004 and WT2004NR follow:
Note 1: OCCUPATION CODES (OCC) AND PRESTIGE SCORES (PRE):
001 57 Accountants
002 71 Architects
Computer specialists
003 51 Computer programmers
004 51 Computer systems analysts, n.e.c
005 51 Computer specialists, n.e.c
Engineers
006 71 Aeronautical and astronautical engineers
010 67 Chemical engineers
011 68 Civil engineers
012 69 Electrical and electronic engineers
013 54 Industrial engineers
014 62 Mechanical engineers
015 56 Metallurgical and materials engineers
020 62 Mining engineers
021 67 Petroleum engineers
022 51 Sales engineers
023 67 Engineers, n.e.c
024 54 Farm management advisors
025 54 Foresters and conservationists
026 54 Home management advisers
Lawyers and judges
030 76 Judges
031 76 Lawyers
Librarians, archivists, and curators
032 55 Librarians
033 66 Archivists and curators
Mathematical specialists
034 55 Actuaries
035 65 Mathematicians
036 55 Statisticians
Life and Physical scientists
042 56 Agricultural scientists
043 68 Atmospheric and space scientists
044 68 Biological scientists
045 69 Chemists
051 67 Geologists
052 68 Marine scientists
053 74 Physicists and astronomers
054 68 Life and Physical scientist, n.e.c
055 51 Operations and systems researchers and analysts
056 56 Personnel and labor relations workers
Physicians, dentists, and related practitioners
061 60 Chiropractors
062 74 Dentists
063 62 Optometrists
064 61 Pharmacists
065 82 Physicians, including osteopaths
071 37 Podiatrists
072 60 Veterinarians
073 52 Health practitioners, n.e.c
Nurses, dieticians, and therapists
074 52 Dieticians
075 62 Registered nurses
076 37 Therapists
Health technologists and technicians
080 61 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians
081 61 Dental hygienists
082 61 Health record technologists and technicians
083 61 Radiologic technologists and technicians
084 37 Therapy assistants
085 47 Health technologists and technicians, n.e.c
Religious workers
086 69 Clergymen
090 56 Religious workers
Social scientists
091 57 Economists
092 66 Political scientists
093 71 Psychologists
094 66 Sociologists
095 66 Urban and regional planners
096 66 Social scientists, n.e.c
Social and recreation workers
100 52 Social workers
101 49 Recreation workers
Teachers, college and university
102 78 Agriculture teachers
103 78 Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space teachers
104 78 Biology teachers
105 78 Chemistry teachers
110 78 Physics teachers
111 78 Engineering teachers
112 78 Mathematics teachers
113 78 Health specialists teachers
114 78 Psychology teachers
115 78 Business and commerce teachers
116 78 Economics teachers
120 78 History teachers
121 78 Sociology teachers
122 78 Social science teachers, n.e.c
123 78 Art, drama, and music teachers
124 78 Coaches and physical education teachers
125 78 Education teachers
126 78 English teachers
130 78 Foreign language teachers
131 78 Home economics teachers
132 78 Law teachers
133 78 Theology teachers
134 78 Trade, industrial and technical teachers
135 78 Miscellaneous teachers, college and university
140 78 Teachers, college and university, subject not specified
Teachers, except college and university
141 43 Adult education teachers
142 60 Elementary school teachers
143 60 Pre-kindergarten and kindergarten teachers
144 63 Secondary school teachers
145 43 Teachers, except college and university, n.e.c
Engineering and science technicians
150 47 Agriculture and biological technicians, except health
151 47 Chemical technicians
152 56 Draftsmen
153 47 Electrical and electronic engineering technicians
154 47 Industrial engineering technicians
155 47 Mechanical engineering technicians
156 47 Mathematical technicians
161 53 Surveyors
162 47 Engineering and science technicians, n.e.c
Technicians, except health, engineering and science
163 70 Airplane pilots
164 43 Air traffic controllers
165 52 Embalmers
170 47 Flight engineers
171 43 Radio operators
172 47 Tool programmers, numerical control
173 47 Technicians, n.e.c
174 51 Vocational and educational counselors
Writers, artists, and entertainers
175 55 Actors
180 51 Athletes and kindred workers
181 60 Authors
182 38 Dancers
183 58 Designers
184 51 Editors and reporters
185 46 Musicians and composers
190 56 Painters and sculptors
191 41 Photographers
192 57 Public relations men and publicity writers
193 51 Radio and television announcers
194 51 Writers, artists, and entertainers, n.e.c
195 51 Research workers, not specified
196 51 Professional, technical, and kindred workers-allocated
OCC PRE MANAGERS AND ADMINISTRATORS, EXCEPT FARM
201 61 Assessors, controllers, and treasurers, local public
administrators
202 72 Bank officers and financial managers
203 41 Buyers and shippers, farm products
205 50 Buyers, wholesale and retail trade
210 49 Credit Men
211 52 Funeral directors
212 61 Health administrators
213 41 Construction inspectors, public administration
215 41 Inspectors, except construction, public administration
216 38 Managers and superintendents, building
220 50 Office managers, n.e.c
221 60 Officers, pilots, and pursers; ship
222 61 Officials and administrators; public administration, n.e.c.
223 58 Officials of lodges, societies, and unions
224 58 Postmasters and mail superintendents
225 48 Purchasing agents and buyers, n.e.c
226 41 Railroad conductors
230 39 Restaurant, cafeteria and bar managers
231 50 Sales managers and department heads, retail trade
233 50 Sales managers, except retail trade
235 61 School administrators, college
240 60 School administrators, elementary and secondary
245 50 Managers and administrators, n.e.c
246 50 Managers and administrators, except farm-allocated
OCC PRE SALES WORKERS
260 42 Advertising agents and salesmen
261 32 Auctioneers
262 28 Demonstrators
264 18 Hucksters and peddlers
265 47 Insurance agents, brokers, and underwriters
266 15 Newsboys
270 44 Real estate agents and brokers
271 51 Stock and bond salesmen
280 34 Salesmen and sales clerks, n.e.c
281 49 Sales representatives, manufacturing industries
282 40 Sales representatives, wholesale trade
283 29 Sales clerks, retail trade
284 29 Salesmen, retail trade
285 34 Salesmen of services and construction
296 34 Sales workers-allocated
OCC PRE CLERICAL AND KINDRED WORKERS
301 50 Bank tellers
303 45 Billing clerks
305 48 Bookkeepers
310 31 Cashiers
311 36 Clerical assistants, social welfare
312 36 Clerical supervisors, n.e.c
313 26 Collectors, bill and account
314 36 Counter clerks, except food
315 34 Dispatchers and starters, vehicle
320 36 Enumerators and interviewers
321 36 Estimators and investigators, n.e.c
323 36 Expeditors and production controllers
325 30 File clerks
326 48 Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators
330 41 Library attendants and assistants
331 42 Mail carriers, post office
332 36 Mailhandlers, except post office
333 19 Messengers and office boys
334 36 Meter readers, utilities
Office machine operators
341 45 Bookkeeping and billing machine operators
342 45 Calculating machine operators
343 45 Computer and peripheral equipment operators
344 45 Duplicating machine operators
345 45 Keypunch operators
350 45 Tabulating machine operators
355 45 Office machine operators, n.e.c
360 41 Payroll and timekeeping clerks
361 43 Postal clerks
362 36 Proofreaders
363 43 Real estate appraisers
364 39 Receptionists
Secretaries
370 46 Secretaries, legal
371 46 Secretaries, medical
372 46 Secretaries, n.e.c
374 29 Shipping and receiving clerks
375 36 Statistical clerks
376 43 Stenographers
381 23 Stock clerks and storekeepers
382 36 Teacher aides, except school monitors
383 30 Telegraph messengers
385 40 Telegraph operators
390 35 Ticket, station, and express agents
391 41 Typists
392 36 Weighers
394 36 Miscellaneous clerical workers
395 36 Not specified clerical workers
396 36 Clerical and kindred workers-allocated
OCC PRE CRAFTSMEN AND KINDRED WORKERS
401 47 Automobile accessories installers
402 34 Bakers
403 36 Blacksmiths
404 31 Boilermakers
405 31 Bookbinders
410 36 Brickmasons and stonemasons
411 36 Brickmasons and stonemasons, apprentices
412 33 Bulldozer operators
413 39 Cabinetmakers
415 40 Carpenters
416 40 Carpenter apprentices
420 47 Carpet installers
421 32 Cement and concrete finishers
422 38 Compositors and typesetters
423 40 Printing trades apprentices, except pressmen
424 39 Cranemen, derrickmen, and hoistmen
425 37 Decorators and window dressers
426 47 Dental laboratory technicians
430 49 Electricians
431 41 Electrician apprentices
433 39 Electric power linemen and cablemen
434 38 Electrotypers and stereotypers
435 41 Engravers, except photoengravers
Excavating, grading and road machine operators,
436 33 except bulldozer
440 40 Floor layers, except tile setters
441 45 Foremen, n.e.c
442 36 Forgemen and hammermen
443 29 Furniture and wood finishers
444 35 Furriers
445 26 Glaziers
446 36 Heat treaters, annealers, and temperers
450 31 Inspectors, scalers, and graders: log and lumber
452 31 Inspectors, n.e.c
453 37 Jewelers and watchmakers
454 48 Job and die setters, metal
455 51 Locomotive engineers
456 36 Locomotive firemen
461 48 Machinists
462 41 Machinist apprentices
Mechanics and repairmen
470 37 Air conditioning, heating and refrigeration
471 48 Aircraft
472 37 Automobile body repairmen
473 37 Automobile mechanics
474 37 Automobile mechanic apprentices
475 34 Data processing machine repairmen
480 33 Farm implements
481 33 Heavy equipment mechanics, including diesel
Household appliance and accessory installers
482 33 and mechanics
483 30 Loom fixers
484 34 Office machines
485 35 Radio and television
486 37 Railroad and car shop
491 41 Mechanic, except auto, apprentices
492 35 Miscellaneous mechanics and repairmen
495 35 Not specified mechanics and repairmen
501 25 Millers; grain, flour, and feed
502 40 Millwrights
503 39 Molders, metal
504 39 Molder, apprentices
506 51 Opticians, and lens grinders and polishers
510 30 Painters, construction and maintenance
511 30 Painter apprentices
512 24 Paperhangers
514 39 Pattern and model makers, except paper
515 40 Photoengravers and lithographers
516 32 Piano and organ tuners and repairmen
520 33 Plasterers
521 33 Plasterer apprentices
522 41 Plumber and pipe fitters
523 41 Plumber and pipe fitter apprentices
525 39 Power station operators
530 40 Pressmen and plate printers, printing
531 40 Pressmen and apprentices
533 36 Rollers and finishers, metal
534 31 Roofers and slaters
535 37 Sheetmetal workers and tinsmiths
536 37 Sheet metal apprentices
540 36 Shipfitters
542 33 Shoe repairmen
543 30 Sign painters and letterers
545 35 Stationary engineers
546 33 Stone cutters and stone carvers
550 36 Structural metal craftsmen
551 41 Tailors
552 39 Telephone installers and repairmen
554 39 Telephone linemen and splicers
560 36 Tile setters
561 42 Tool and die makers
562 41 Tool and die maker apprentices
563 30 Upholsters
571 41 Specified craft apprentices, n.e.c
572 41 Not specified apprentices
575 47 Craftsmen and kindred workers, n.e.c
580 47 Former members of the Armed Forces
575 47 Craftsmen and kindred workers, n.e.c
590 47 Current members of the Armed Forces
601 28 Asbestos and insulation workers
602 27 Assemblers
603 32 Blasters and powdermen
604 23 Bottling and canning operatives
605 39 Chainmen, rodmen, and axmen; surveying
610 36 Checkers, examiners, and inspectors; manufacturing
611 18 Clothing ironers and pressers
612 26 Cutting operatives, n.e.c
613 32 Dressmakers and seamstresses, except factory
614 27 Drillers, earth
615 27 Dry wall installers and lathers
620 25 Dyers
621 19 Filers, polishers, sanders, and buffers
622 33 Furnacemen, smeltermen, and pourers
623 22 Garage workers and gas station attendants
624 33 Graders and sorters, manufacturing
Produce graders and packers, except factory and
625 19 farm
626 33 Heaters, metal
630 18 Laundry and dry cleaning operatives, n.e.c
631 32 Meat cutters and butchers, except manufacturing
633 28 Meat cutters and butchers, manufacturing
634 19 Meat wrappers, retail trade
635 29 Metal platers
636 33 Milliners
640 26 Mine operatives, n.e.c
641 29 Mixing operatives
642 24 Oilers and greasers, except auto
643 19 Packers and wrappers, n.e.c
644 29 Painters, manufactured articles
645 36 Photographic process workers
Precision machine operatives
650 29 Drill press operatives
651 29 Grinding machine operatives
652 29 Lathe and milling machine operatives
653 29 Precision machine operatives, n.e.c
656 29 Punch and stamping press operatives
660 29 Riveters and fasteners
661 34 Sailors and deckhands
662 28 Sawyers
663 25 Sewers and stitchers
664 32 Shoemaking machine operatives
665 29 Solderers
666 33 Stationary firemen
Textile operatives
670 29 Carding, lapping, and combing operatives
671 29 Knitters, loopers, and toppers
672 25 Spinners, twisters, and winders
673 25 Weavers
674 29 Textile operatives, n.e.c
680 40 Welders and flame-cutters
681 29 Winding operatives, n.e.c
690 32 Machine operatives, miscellaneous specified
692 32 Machine operatives, not specified
694 32 Miscellaneous operatives
695 32 Not specified operatives
696 32 Operatives, except transport-allocated
OCC PRE TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT OPERATIVES
701 37 Boatmen and canalmen
703 32 Bus drivers
704 28 Conductors and motormen, urban rail transit
705 28 Deliverymen and routemen
706 29 Fork lift and tow motor operatives
710 27 Motormen; mine, factory, logging camp, etc
711 22 Parking attendants
712 35 Railroad brakemen
713 33 Railroad switchmen
714 22 Taxicab drivers and chauffeurs
715 32 Truck drivers
726 29 Transport equipment operatives-allocated
OCC PRE LABORERS, EXCEPT FARM
740 29 Animal caretakers, except farm
750 23 Carpenters' helpers
751 17 Construction laborers, except carpenters' helpers
752 30 Fishermen and oystermen
753 17 Freight and material handlers
754 17 Garbage collectors
755 23 Gardeners and groundkeepers, except farm
760 24 Longshoremen and stevedores
761 26 Lumbermen, raftsmen, and woodchoppers
762 17 Stockhandlers
763 12 Teamsters
764 17 Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners
770 20 Warehousemen, n.e.c
780 17 Miscellaneous labors
785 17 Not specified laborers
796 17 Laborers, except farm-allocated
OCC PRE FARMERS AND FARM MANAGERS
801 41 Farmers (owners and tenants)
802 44 Farm managers
806 41 Farmers and farm managers-allocated
OCC PRE FARMERS LABORERS AND FARM FOREMEN
821 35 Farm foremen
822 18 Farm laborers, wage workers
823 18 Farm laborers, unpaid family workers
824 27 Farm service laborers, self-employed
846 19 Farm laborers, farm foremen, and kindred workers-allocated
OCC PRE SERVICE WORKERS, EXCEPT PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD
Cleaning service workers
901 14 Chambermaids and maids, except private household
902 12 Cleaners and charwomen
903 16 Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
910 20 Bartenders
911 22 Busboys
912 26 Cooks, except private household
913 22 Dishwashers
914 15 Food counters and fountain workers
915 20 Waiters
916 22 Food service workers, n.e.c. except private household
Health service workers
921 48 Dental assistants
922 48 Health aides, except nursing
923 36 Health trainees
924 23 Midwives
925 36 Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants
926 42 Practical nurses
Personal service workers
931 36 Airline stewardesses
932 15 Attendants, recreation and amusement
933 14 Attendants, personal service, n.e.c
934 14 Baggage porters and bell hops
935 38 Barbers
940 22 Boarding and lodging housekeepers
941 09 Bootblacks
942 25 Child care workers, except private households
943 21 Elevator operators
944 33 Hairdressers and cosmetologists
945 14 Personal service apprentices
950 36 Housekeepers, except private households
952 22 School monitors
953 15 Ushers, recreation and amusement
954 14 Welfare service aides
Protective service workers
960 24 Crossing guards and bridge tenders
961 44 Firemen, fire protection
962 22 Guards and watchmen
963 46 Marshals and constables
964 48 Policemen and detectives
965 55 Sheriffs and bailiffs
976 25 Service workers, except private household-allocated
OCC PRE PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD WORKERS
980 23 Child care workers, private household
981 18 Cooks, private household
982 25 Housekeepers, private household
983 18 Laundresses, private household
984 18 Maids and servants, private household
986 18 Private household workers-allocated
NOTE 2: INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION
A(017) Agricultural production
018 Agricultural services, except horticultural
019 Horticultural services
027 Forestry
028 Fisheries
IND MINING
047 Metal mining
048 Coal mining
049 Crude petroleum and natural gas extractions
057 Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel
IND CONSTRUCTION
067 General building contractors
068 General contractors, except building
B(069) Special trade contractors
077 Not specified construction
IND MANUFACTURING
Durable goods
Lumber and wood products, except furniture
107 Logging
108 Sawmills, planning mills, and mill work
109 Miscellaneous wood products
118 Furniture fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
119 Glass and glass products
127 Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
128 Structural clay products
137 Pottery and related products
138 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products
Metal industries
139 Blast furnaces, steel works, rolling and finishing mills
147 Other primary iron and steel industries
148 Primary aluminum industries
149 Other primary non ferrous industries
157 Cutlery, hand tools, and other hardware
158 Fabricated structural metal products
159 Screw machine products
167 Metal stamping
168 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
169 Not specified metal products
Machinery, except electrical
177 Engines and turbines
178 Farm machinery and equipment
179 Construction and material handling machines
187 Metalworking machinery
188 Office and accounting machines
189 Electronic computing equipment
197 Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c
198 Not specified machinery
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
199 Household appliances
207 Radio, T.V., and communication equipment
208 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c
209 Not specified electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
Transportation equipment
219 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment
227 Aircraft and parts
228 Ship and boat building and repairing
229 Railroad locomotives and equipment
237 Mobile dwellings and campers
238 Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches
239 Scientific and controlling instruments
247 Optical and health services supplies
248 Photographic equipment and supplies
249 Watches, clocks, and clockwork-operated devices
257 Not specified professional equipment
258 Ordinance
259 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
268 Meat products
269 Dairy products
278 Canning and preserving fruits, vegetables, and sea foods
279 Grain-mill products
287 Bakery projects
288 Confectionery and related products
289 Beverage industries
297 Miscellaneous food preparation and kindred products
298 Not specified food industries
299 Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
307 Knitting mills
308 Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wood and knit goods
309 Floor coverings, except hard surface
317 Yarn, thread, and fabric mills
381 Miscellaneous textile mill products
Apparel and other fabricated textile products
C(319) Apparel and accessories
327 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Paper and allied products
328 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
329 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products
337 Paperboard containers and boxes
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
338 Newspaper publishing and printing
Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except
339 newspapers
Chemicals and allied products
347 Industrial chemicals
348 Plastics, synthetics and resins, except fibers
349 Synthetic fibers
357 Drugs and medicines
358 Soaps and cosmetics
359 Paints, varnishes, and related products
367 Agricultural chemicals
368 Miscellaneous chemicals
369 Not specified chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
377 Petroleum refining
387 Miscellaneous plastic products
Leather and leather products . .
388 Tanned, curried, and finished leather
389 Footwear, except rubber
397 Leather products, except footwear
398 Not specified manufacturing industries
IND TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
Transportation
D(407) Railroads and railway express service
408 Street railways and bus lines
409 Taxicab service
417 Trucking service
418 Warehousing and storage
419 Water transportation
427 Air transportation
428 Pipe lines, except natural gas
429 Services incidental to transportation
Communications
447 Radio broadcasting and television
448 Telephone (wire and radio)
449 Telegraph and miscellaneous communication services
Utilities and sanitary services
467 Electric light and power
468 Electric-gas utilities
469 Gas and steam supply systems
477 Water supply
478 Sanitary services
479 Other and not specified utilities
IND WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
Wholesale trade
507 Motor vehicles and equipment
508 Drugs, chemicals, and allied products
509 Dry goods and apparel
527 Food and related products
528 Farm products-raw materials
529 Electrical goods
537 Hardware, plumbing, and heating supplies
538 Not specified electrical and hardware products
539 Machinery equipment and supplies
557 Metals and minerals, n.e.c
558 Petroleum products
559 Scrap and waste materials
567 Alcoholic beverages
568 Paper and its products
569 Lumber and construction materials
587 Wholesalers, n.e.c
588 Not specified wholesale trade
Retail trade
607 Lumber and building material retailing
608 Hardware and farm equipment stores
E(609) Department and mail order establishments
617 Limited price variety stores
618 Vending machine operators
619 Direct selling establishments
627 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores
F(628) Grocery stores
629 Dairy product stores
637 Retail bakeries
638 Food stores, n.e.c
639 Motor vehicle dealers
647 Tire, battery, and accessory dealers
648 Gasoline service stations
649 Miscellaneous vehicle dealers
657 Apparel and accessories stores, except shoe stores
658 Shoe stores
667 Furniture and home furnishing stores
668 Household appliances, TV, and radio stores
G(669) Eating and drinking places
677 Drug stores
678 Liquor stores
679 Farm and garden supply stores
687 Jewelry stores
688 Fuel and ice dealers
689 Retail florists
697 Miscellaneous retail stores
698 Not specified retail trade
IND FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
707 Banking
708 Credit agencies
709 Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies
717 Insurance
718 Real estate, incl. real estate-insurance-law offices
IND BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES
727 Advertising
728 Services to dwellings and other buildings
729 Commercial research, development, and testing labs
737 Employment and temporary help agencies
738 Business management and consulting services
739 Computer programming services
747 Detective and protective services
748 Business services, n.e.c
749 Automobile services, except repair
758 Electrical repair shops
759 Miscellaneous repair services
IND PERSONAL SERVICES
H(769) Private households
777 Hotels and motels
778 Lodging places, except hotels and motels
779 Laundering, cleaning, and other garment services
787 Beauty shops
788 Barber shops
789 Shoe repair shops
797 Dressmaking shops
798 Miscellaneous personal services
IND ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
807 Theaters and motion pictures
808 Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors
809 Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services
PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
828 Offices of physicians
829 Offices of dentists
837 Offices of chiropractors
J(838) Hospitals
839 Convalescent institutions
847 Offices of health practitioners, n.e.c
848 Health services, n.e.c
849 Legal services
K(857) Elementary and secondary schools
858 Colleges and universities
859 Libraries
867 Educational services, n.e.c
868 Not specified educational services
869 Museums, art galleries, and zoos
877 Religious organizations
878 Welfare services
879 Residential welfare facilities
887 Nonprofit membership organizations
888 Engineering and architectural services
889 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services
897 Miscellaneous professional and related services
IND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
907 Postal service
L(917) Federal public administration
927 State public administration
M(937)Local public administration
NOTE 3: CENSUS CODES (CEN) AND PRESTIGE (PRE) SCORES
Executive, Administrative, and Managerial Occupations
003 61 Legislators
Chief Executives and General Administrators, Public
004 70 Administration
Administrators and Officials
005 51 Administration
006 54 Administrators, Protective Service
007 59 Financial Managers
008 54 Personnel and Labor Relations Managers
009 63 Purchasing Managers
Managers, Marketing, Advertising, and
013 59 Public Relations
014 64 Administrators, Education and Related Fields
015 69 Managers, Medicine and Health
016 39 Managers, Properties and Real Estate
017 53 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents
018 49 Funeral Directors
019 51 Managers and Administrators, nec
023 65 Accountants and Auditors
024 48 Underwriters
025 48 Other Financial Officers
026 61 Management Analysts
Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations
027 43 Specialists
028 42 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products
Buyers, Wholesale and Retail Trade Except
029 50 Farm Products
033 41 Purchasing Agents and Buyers
034 51 Business and Promotion Agents
035 47 Construction Inspectors
036 50 Inspectors and Compliance Officers, Except Construction
037 49 Management Related Occupations, nec
Professional Specialty Occupations
043 73 Architects
044 72 Aerospace Engineers
045 61 Metallurgical and Materials Engineers
046 60 Mining Engineers
047 66 Petroleum Engineers
048 73 Chemical Engineers
049 63 Nuclear Engineers
053 69 Civil Engineers
054 60 Agricultural Engineers
055 64 Electrical and Electronic Engineers
056 62 Industrial Engineers
057 64 Mechanical Engineers
058 59 Marine and Naval Architects
059 71 Engineers, nec
063 51 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists
064 74 Computer Systems Analysts and Scientists
065 53 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts
066 44 Actuaries
067 56 Statisticians
068 63 Mathematical Scientists, nec
069 73 Physicists and Astronomers
073 73 Chemists, Except Biochemists
074 63 Atmospheric and Space Scientists
075 70 Geologists and Geodesists
076 73 Physical Scientists, nec
077 58 Agricultural and Food Scientists
078 73 Biological and Life Scientists
079 55 Forestry and Conservation Scientists
083 64 Medical Scientists
084 86 Physicians
085 72 Dentists
086 62 Veterinary
087 67 Optometrists
088 65 Podiatrists
089 50 Health Diagnosing Practitioners, nec
095 66 Registered Nurses
096 68 Pharmacists
097 56 Dietitians
098 63 Inhalation Therapists
099 56 Occupational Therapists
103 61 Physical Therapists
104 61 Speech Therapists
105 62 Therapists, nec
106 61 Physicians' Assistants
Earth, Environmental, and Marine Science
113 74 Teachers
114 74 Biological Science Teachers
115 74 Chemistry Teachers
116 74 Physics Teachers
117 74 Natural Science Teachers, nec
118 74 Psychology Teachers
119 74 Economics Teachers
123 74 History Teachers
124 74 Political Science Teachers
125 74 Sociology Teachers
126 74 Social Science Teachers, nec
127 74 Engineering Teachers
128 74 Mathematical Science Teachers
129 74 Computer Science Teachers
133 74 Medical Science Teachers
134 74 Health Specialties Teachers
135 74 Business, Commerce, and Marketing Teachers
136 74 Agriculture and Forestry Teachers
137 74 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers
138 74 Physical Education Teachers
139 74 Education Teachers
143 74 English Teachers
144 74 Foreign Language Teachers
145 74 Law Teachers
146 74 Social Work Teachers
147 74 Theology Teachers
148 74 Trade and Industrial Teachers
149 74 Home Economics Teachers
153 74 Teachers, Postsecondary, nec
154 74 Postsecondary Teachers, Subject Not Specified
155 55 Teachers, Prekindergarten and Kindergarten
156 64 Teachers, Elementary School
157 66 Teachers, Secondary School
158 65 Teachers, Special Education
159 46 Teachers, nec
163 57 Counselors, Educational and Vocational
164 54 Librarians
165 52 Archivists and Curators
166 63 Economists
167 69 Psychologists
168 61 Sociologists
169 65 Social Scientists, nec
173 52 Urban Planners
174 52 Social Workers
175 38 Recreation Workers
176 69 Clergy
177 44 Religious Workers, nec
178 75 Lawyers
179 71 Judges
183 63 Authors
184 54 Technical Writers
185 47 Designers
186 47 Musicians and Composers
187 58 Actors and Directors
Painters, Sculptors, Craft-Artists, and Artist
188 52 Printmakers
189 45 Photographers
193 53 Dancers
Artists, Performers, and Related
194 36 Workers, nec
195 60 Editors and Reporters
197 48 Public Relations Specialists
198 55 Announcers
199 65 Athletes
CEN PRE TECHNICAL, SALES, ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT CCUPATIONS
Technicians and Related Support Occupations
Clinical Laboratory Technologists and
203 68 Technicians
204 52 Dental hygienists
205 52 Health Record Technologists and Technicians
206 58 Radiologic Technicians
207 60 Licensed Practical Nurses
208 57 Health Technologists and Technicians, nec
213 60 Electrical and Electronic Technicians
214 40 Industrial Engineering Technicians
215 54 Mechanical Engineering Technicians
216 48 Engineering Technicians, nec
217 51 Drafting Occupations
218 36 Surveying and Mapping Technicians
223 32 Biological Technicians
224 38 Chemical Technicians
225 44 Science Technicians, nec
226 61 Airplane Pilots and Navigators
227 65 Air Traffic Controllers
228 43 Broadcast Equipment Operators
229 61 Computer Programmers
233 48 Tool Programmers, Numerical Control
234 57 Legal Assistants
235 41 Technicians, nec
Sales Occupations
243 44 Supervisors and Proprietors, Sales Occupations
253 45 Insurance Sales Occupations
254 49 Real Estate Sales Occupations
255 53 Securities and Financial Services Sales Occupations
256 39 Advertising and Related Sales Occupations
257 32 Sales Occupations, Other Business Services
258 53 Sales Engineers
259 49 Sales Representatives, Mining, Manufacturing, and Wholesale
263 34 Sales Workers, Motor Vehicles and Boats
264 30 Sales Workers, Apparel
265 28 Sales Workers, Shoes
266 31 Sales Workers, Furniture and Home Furnishings
267 31 Sales Workers, Radio, TV, Hi-Fi, and Appliances
268 32 Sales Workers, Hardware and Building Supplies
269 30 Sales Workers, Parts
274 32 Sales Workers, Other Commodities
275 34 Sales Counter Clerks
276 29 Cashiers
277 22 Street and Door-To-Door Sales Workers
278 19 News Vendors
283 32 Demonstrators, Promoters and Models, Sales
284 39 Auctioneers
285 36 Sales Support Occupations, nec
Administrative Support Occupations, including Clerical
303 51 Supervisors, General Office
304 54 Supervisors, Computer Equipment Operators
305 52 Supervisors, Financial Records Processing
306 49 Chief Communications Operators
307 42 Supervisors, Distribution, Scheduling, and Adjusting Clerks
308 50 Computer Operators
309 40 Peripheral Equipment Operators
313 46 Secretaries
314 47 Stenographers
315 40 Typists
316 49 Interviewers
317 32 Hotel Clerks
318 35 Transportation Ticket and Reservation Agents
319 39 Receptionists
323 34 Information Clerks, nec
325 31 Classified-Ad Clerks
326 35 Correspondence Clerks
327 31 Order Clerks
Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and
328 36 Timekeeping
329 29 Library Clerks
335 36 File Clerks
336 31 Records Clerks
337 47 Bookkeepers, Accounting and Auditing Clerks
338 42 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks
339 31 Billing Clerks
343 28 Cost and Rate Clerks
Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine
344 35 Operators
345 35 Duplicating Machine Operators
Mail Preparing and Paper Handling Machine
346 36 Operators
347 39 Office Machine Operators, nec
348 40 Telephone Operators
349 45 Telegraphers
353 33 Communications Equipment Operators, nec
354 42 Postal Clerks, Excluding Mail Carriers
355 47 Mail Carriers, Postal Service
356 32 Mail Clerks, Excluding Postal Service
357 22 Messengers
359 35 Dispatchers
363 42 Product Coordinators
364 33 Traffic, Shipping and Receiving Clerks
365 27 Stock and Inventory Clerks
366 34 Meter Readers
368 28 Weighers, Measurers, and Checkers
369 35 Samplers
373 43 Expediters
Material Recording, Scheduling and Distributing
374 24 Clerks, nec
375 47 Insurance Adjuster, Examiners, and Investigators
376 40 Investigators and Adjusters, Except Insurance
377 46 Eligibility Clerks, Social Welfare
378 24 Bill and Account Collectors
379 34 General Office Clerks
383 43 Bank Tellers
384 43 Proofreaders
385 41 Data-Entry Keyers
386 38 Statistical Clerks
387 43 Teachers' Aides
389 33 Administrative Support Occupations, nec
CEN PRE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
Private Household Occupations
403 23 Launderers and Ironers
404 30 Cooks, Private Household
405 34 Housekeepers and Butlers
406 29 Child Care Workers, Private Household
407 23 Private Household Cleaners and Servants
Protective Service Occupations
413 60 Supervisors, Firefighting and Fire Prevention Occupations
414 62 Supervisors, Police and Detectives
415 38 Supervisors, Guards
416 60 Fire Inspection and Fire Prevention Occupations
417 53 Firefighting Occupations
418 60 Police and Detectives, Public Service
423 48 Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and Other Law Enforcement Officers
424 40 Correctional Institution Officers
425 32 Crossing Guards
426 42 Guards and Police, Excluding Public Service
427 37 Protective Service Occupations
Armed Forces
430 49 Former Member of the Armed Forces
431 49 Current member of the Armed Forces
Service Occupations, Except Protective and Household
433 35 Supervisors, Food Preparation and Service Occupations
434 25 Bartenders
435 28 Waiters and Waitresses
436 31 Cooks, Except Short Order
437 28 Short Order Cooks
438 28 Food Counter, Fountain and Related Occupations
439 24 Kitchen Workers, Food Preparations
443 21 Waiters'/Waitresses' Assistants
444 17 Miscellaneous Food Preparation Occupations
445 45 Dental Assistants
446 51 Health Aids, Except Nursing
448 36 Supervisors, Cleaning and Building Service Workers
449 20 Maids and Housemen
453 22 Janitors and Cleaners
454 28 Elevator Operators
455 32 Pest Control Occupations
456 37 Supervisors, Personal Service Occupations
457 36 Barbers
458 36 Hairdressers and cosmetologists
459 25 Attendants, Amusement and Recreation Facilities
463 29 Guides
464 20 Ushers
465 42 Public Transportation Attendants
466 27 Baggage Porters and Bellhops
467 46 Welfare Service Aides
468 36 Child Care Workers, Except Private Household
469 25 Personal Service Occupations, nec
CEN PRE FARMING OPERATORS AND MANAGERS
Farm Operators and Managers
473 40 Farmers, Except Horticultural
474 37 Horticultural Specialty Farmers
475 48 Managers, Farms, Except Horticultural
476 48 Managers, Horticultural Specialty Farms
Farm Occupations, Except Managerial
477 44 Supervisors, Farm Workers
479 23 Farm Workers
483 31 Marine Life Cultivation Workers
484 26 Nursery Workers
Related Agricultural Occupations
485 36 Supervisors, Related Agricultural Occupations
486 29 Groundskeepers and Gardeners, Except Farm
487 21 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm
488 31 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products
489 49 Inspectors, Agricultural Products
Forestry and Logging Occupations
494 44 Supervisors, Forestry and Logging Workers
495 39 Forestry Workers, Except Logging
496 31 Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
Fishers, Hunters, and Trappers
497 43 Captains and Other Officers, Fishing Vessels
498 34 Fishers
499 23 Hunters and Trappers
CEN PRE PRECISION PRODUCTION, CRAFT, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
Mechanics and Repairers
503 50 Supervisors, Mechanics and Repairers
505 40 Automobile Mechanics, Except Apprentices
506 34 Automobile Mechanic Apprentices
507 44 Bus, Truck, and Stationary Engine Mechanics
508 53 Aircraft Engine Mechanics
509 28 Small Engine Repairers
514 31 Automobile Body and Related Repairers
515 53 Aircraft Mechanics, Excluding Engine
516 45 Heavy Equipment Mechanics
517 36 Farm Equipment Mechanics
518 30 Industrial Machinery Repairers
519 26 Machinery Maintenance Occupations
Electronic Repairers, Communications and
523 39 Industrial Equipment
525 51 Data Processing Equipment Repairers
526 38 Household Appliance and Power Tool Repairers
527 41 Telephone Line Installers and Repairers
529 36 Telephone Installers and Repairers
Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic
533 39 Equipment Repairers
Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration
534 42 Mechanics
Camera, Watch, and Musical Instrument
535 35 Repairers
536 39 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers
538 37 Office Machine Repairers
539 36 Mechanical Controls and Valve Repairers
543 39 Elevator Installers and Repairers
544 43 Millwrights
547 32 Specified Mechanics and Repairers, nec
549 44 Not Specified Mechanics and Repairers
Construction Trades
553 50 Supervisors, Brickmasons, Stonemasons, and Title Setters
554 50 Supervisors, Carpenters and Related Work
555 50 Supervisors, Electricians and Power Transmission Installers
556 50 Supervisors, Painters, Paperhangers, and Plasterers
557 50 Supervisors, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
558 54 Supervisors, nec
563 36 Brickmasons and Stonemasons, Except Apprentices
564 26 Brickmasons and Stonemasons Apprentices
565 31 Tile Setters, Hard and Soft
566 34 Carpet Installers
567 39 Carpenters, Except Apprentices
569 29 Carpenter Apprentices
573 34 Drywall Installers
575 51 Electricians, Except Apprentices
576 41 Electrician Apprentices
577 46 Electrical Power Installers and Repairers
579 34 Painters, Construction and Maintenance
583 31 Paperhangers
584 35 Plasterers
585 45 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters, Except Apprentices
587 35 Plumber, Pipefitter, and Steamfitter Apprentices
588 38 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers
589 30 Glaziers
593 33 Insulation Workers
594 33 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
595 37 Roofers
596 35 Sheetmetal Duct installers
597 43 Structural Metal Workers
598 40 Drillers, Earth
599 36 Construction Trades, nec
Extractive Occupations
613 44 Supervisors, Extractive Occupations
614 42 Drillers, Oil Well
615 38 Explosives Workers
616 35 Mining Machine Operators
Precision Production Occupations
617 29 Mining Occupations, nec
633 47 Supervisors, Production Occupations
634 43 Tool and Die Makers, Except Apprentices
635 33 Tool and Die Maker Apprentices
636 31 Precision Assemblers, Metal
637 47 Machinists, Except Apprentices
639 35 Machinist Apprentices
643 40 Boilermakers
644 26 Precision Grinders, Fitters, and Tool Sharpeners
645 38 Patternmakers and Model Makers, Metal
646 30 Lay-Out Workers
647 45 Precious Stones and Metals Workers
649 38 Engravers, Metal
653 50 Sheet Metal Workers, Except Apprentices
654 38 Sheet Metal Worker, Apprentices
655 36 Miscellaneous Precision Metal Workers
656 39 Patternmakers and model Makers, Wood
657 44 Cabinet Makers and Bench Carpenters
658 39 Furniture and wood Finishers
659 36 Miscellaneous Precision Woodworkers
666 36 Dressmakers
667 42 Tailors
668 35 Upholsters
669 36 Shoe Repairers
673 37 Apparel and Fabric Patternmakers
674 34 Miscellaneous Precision apparel and Fabric Workers
675 32 Hand Molders and Shapers, Except Jewelers
676 28 Patternmakers, Lay-Out Workers, and Cutters
677 38 Optical Goods Workers
678 56 Dental Laboratory and Medical Appliance Technicians
679 32 Bookbinders
683 28 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers
684 30 Miscellaneous Precision Workers, nec
686 35 Butchers and Meat Cutters
687 35 Bakers
688 30 Food Batchmakers
689 42 Inspectors, Testers, and Graders
693 40 Adjusters and Calibrators
694 38 Water and Sewage Treatment Plant Operators
695 43 Power Plant Operators
696 40 Stationary Engineers
699 43 Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators
CEN PRE OPERATORS, FABRICATORS, AND LABORERS
Machine Operators, Assemblers, and Inspectors
703 41 Lathe and Turning Machine Set-Up Operators
704 37 Lathe and Turning Machine Operators
705 32 Milling and Planing Machine Operators
706 35 Punching and Stamping Press Machine Operators
707 40 Rolling Machine Operators
708 37 Drilling and Boring machine Operators
709 23 Grinding, Abrading, Buffing, and Polishing Machine Operators
713 36 Forging machine operators
714 40 Numerical Control Machine Operators
715 29 Misc. Metal, Plastic, Stone and Glass Working Machine Operators
717 38 Fabricating Machine Operators, nec
719 34 Molding and Casting machine Operators
723 36 Metal Plating Machine Operators
723 36 Heat Treating Equipment Operators
725 35 Miscellaneous Metal and Plastic Processing Machine Operators
726 37 Wood Lathe, Routing and Planing Machine Operators
727 34 Sawing Machine Operators
728 30 Shaping and Joining Machine Operators
729 27 Nailing and Tacking Machine Operators
733 22 Miscellaneous Woodworking Machine Operators
734 39 Printing Machine Operators
735 40 Photoengravers and Lithographers
736 40 Typesetters and Compositors
737 37 Miscellaneous Printing Machine Operators
738 30 Winding and Twisting Machine Operators
739 34 Knitting, Looping, Taping, and Weaving Machine Operators
743 28 Textile Cutting Machine Operators
744 28 Textile Sewing Machine Operators
745 44 Shoe Machine Operators
747 29 Pressing Machine Operators
748 32 Laundering and Dry Cleaning Machine Operators
749 33 Miscellaneous Textile Machine Operators
753 35 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators
754 25 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators
755 32 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators
756 26 Mixing and Blending Machine Operators
757 30 Separating, Filtering, and Clarifying Machine Operators
758 30 Compressing and Compacting Machine Operators
759 30 Painting and Paint Spraying Machine Operators
763 23 Roasting and Baking Machine Operators, Food
764 25 Washing, Cleaning, and Pickling Machine Operators
765 28 Folding Machine Operators
766 40 Furnace, Kiln, and Oven Operators, Except Food
768 31 Crushing and Grinding Machine Operators
769 34 Slicing and Cutting Machine Operators
773 38 Motion Picture Projectionists
774 38 Photographic Process Machine Operators
777 30 Miscellaneous and Not Specified Machine Operators, nec
779 33 Machine Operators, Not Specified
783 42 Welders and Cutters
784 33 Solderers and Blazers
785 35 Assemblers
786 26 Hand Cutting and Trimming Occupations
787 33 Hand Molding, Casting, and Forming Occupations
789 31 Hand Painting, Coating, and Decorating Occupations
793 42 Hand Engraving and Printing Occupations
794 35 Hand Grinding and Polishing Occupations
795 32 Miscellaneous Hand Working Occupations
796 36 Production Inspectors, Checkers, and Examiners
797 38 Production Testers
798 42 Production Samplers and Weighers
799 33 Graders and Sorters, Except Agricultural
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
803 38 Supervisors, Motor Vehicle Operators
804 30 Truck Drivers, Heavy
805 30 Truck Drivers, Light
806 24 Driver-Sales Workers
808 32 Bus Drivers
809 28 Taxicab Drivers and Chauffeurs
813 21 Parking Lot Attendants
814 25 Motor Transportation Occupations, nec
823 42 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters
824 41 Locomotive Operating Occupations
825 40 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators
826 47 Rail Vehicle Operators, nec
828 54 Ship Captains and Mates, Except Fishing Boats
829 34 Sailors and Deckhands
833 43 Marine Engineers
834 28 Bridge, Lock and Lighthouse Tenders
843 45 Supervisors, Material Moving Equipment Operators
844 50 Operating Engineers
845 34 Longshore Equipment Operators
848 36 Hoist and Winch Operators
849 42 Crane and Tower Operators
853 38 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators
855 34 Grader, Dozer, and Scraper Operators
856 35 Industrial Truck and Tractor Equipment Operators
859 27 Miscellaneous Material Moving Equipment Operators
Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers, and Laborers
863 27 Supervisors, Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, and Laborers, nec
864 33 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers
865 30 Helpers, Construction Trades
866 38 Helpers, Surveyor
867 38 Helpers, Extractive Occupations
869 36 Construction Laborers
873 31 Production Helpers
875 28 Garbage Collectors
876 37 Stevedores
877 23 Stock Handlers and Baggers
878 37 Machine Feeders and Offbearers
883 27 Freight, Stock, and Material Handlers, nec
885 21 Garage and Service Station Related Occupations
887 19 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners
888 22 Hand Packers and Packagers
889 24 Laborers, Except Construction
NOTE 4: 1980 INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION
IND AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES
010 Agricultural production, crops
011 Agricultural production, livestock
020 Agricultural services, except horticultural
021 Horticultural services y
030 Forestry
031 Fishing, hunting, and trapping, etc
IND MINING
040 Metal mining
041 Coal mining
042 Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction
050 Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel
IND CONSTRUCTION
060 Construction
IND MANUFACTURING NONDURABLE GOODS
Food and kindred products
100 Meat products
101 Dairy products
102 Canned and preserved fruits and vegetables
110 Grain mill products
111 Bakery products
112 Sugar and confectionery products
120 Beverage industries
121 Miscellaneous food preparations and kindred products
122 Not specified food industries
130 Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
132 Knitting mills
140 Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool and knit goods
141 Floor coverings, except hard surface
142 Yarn, thread, and fabric mills
150 Miscellaneous textile mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products
151 Apparel and accessories, except knit
152 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Paper and allied products
160 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
161 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products
162 Paperboard containers and boxes
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
171 Newspaper publishing and printing
172 Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except newspapers
Chemicals and allied products
180 Plastics, synthetics, and resigns
181 Drugs
182 Soaps and cosmetics
190 Paints, varnishes, and related products
191 Agricultural chemicals
192 Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals
Petroleum and coal products
200 Petroleum refining
201 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
210 Tires and inner tubes
211 Other rubber products, and plastics footwear and belting
212 Miscellaneous plastics products
Leather and leather products
220 Leather tanning and finishing
221 Footwear, except rubber and plastic
222 Leather products, except footwear
IND MANUFACTURING DURABLE GOODS
Lumber and wood products, except furniture
230 Logging
231 Sawmills, planning mills, and millwork
232 Wood building and mobile homes
241 Miscellaneous wood products
242 Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, glass, and concrete products
250 Glass and glass products
251 Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
252 Structural clay products
261 Pottery and related products
262 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products
Metal industries
270 Blast furnaces, steelworks, rolling and finishing mills
271 Iron and steel foundries
272 Primary aluminum industries
280 Other primary metal industries
281 Cutlery, hand tools, and other hardware
282 Fabricated structural metal products
290 Screw machine products
291 Metal forgings and stampings
292 Ordnance
300 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
301 Not specified metal industries
Machinery, except electrical
310 Engines and turbines
311 Farm machinery and equipment
312 Construction and material handling machines
320 Metalworking machinery
321 Office and accounting machines
322 Electronic computing equipment
331 Machinery, except electrical, nec
332 Not specified machinery
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
340 Household appliances
341 Radio, TV, and communication equipment
342 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
350 Not specified electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
Transportation equipment
351 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment
352 Aircraft and parts
360 Ship and boat building and repairing
361 Railroad locomotives and equipment
362 Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts
370 Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment
Professional and photographic equipment, and watches
371 Scientific and controlling instruments
372 Optical and health services supplies
380 Photographic equipment and supplies
381 Watches, clocks, and clockwork operated devices
382 Not specified professional equipment
390 Toys, amusement, and sporting goods
391 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
392 Not specified manufacturing industries

IND TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
Transportation
400 Railroads
401 Bus service and urban transit
402 Taxicab service
410 Trucking service
411 Warehousing and storage
412 UW Postal Service
420 Water transportation
421 Air transportation
422 Pipe lines, except natural gas
432 Services incidental to transportation
Communications
440 Radio and television broadcasting
441 Telephone (wire and radio)
442 Telegraph and miscellaneous communication service
Utilities and sanitary services
460 Electric light and power
461 Gas and steam supply systems
462 Electric and gas, and other combinations
470 Water supply and irrigation
471 Sanitary services
472 Not specified utilities

IND WHOLESALE TRADE DURABLE GOODS
500 Motor vehicles and equipment
501 Furniture and home furnishings
502 Lumber and construction materials
510 Sporting goods, toys, and hobby goods
511 Metals and minerals, except petroleum
512 Electrical goods
521 Hardware, plumbing and heating supplies
522 Not specified electrical and hardware products
530 Machinery, equipment, and supplies
531 Scrap and waste materials
532 Miscellaneous wholesale, durable goods

IND WHOLESALE TRADE NONDURABLE GOODS
540 Paper and paper products
541 Drugs, chemicals, and allied products
542 Apparel, fabrics, and notions
550 Groceries and related products
551 Farm products-raw materials
552 Petroleum products
560 Alcoholic beverages
561 Farm supplies
562 Miscellaneous wholesale, nondurable goods
571 Not specified wholesale grade

IND RETAIL TRADE
580 Lumber and building material retailing
581 Hardware stores
590 Mobile home dealers
591 Department stores
592 Variety stores
600 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores
601 Grocery stores
602 Dairy products stores
610 Retail bakeries
611 Food stores, nec
612 Motor vehicle dealers
620 Auto and home supply stores
621 Gasoline service stations
622 Miscellaneous vehicle dealers
630 Apparel and accessory stores, except shoe
631 Shoe stores
632 Furniture and home furnishings stores
640 Household appliances, TV, and radio stores
641 Eating and drinking places
642 Drug stores
650 Liquor stores
651 Sporting goods, bicycles, and hobby stores
652 Book and stationery stores
660 Jewelry stores
661 Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores
662 Mail order houses
670 Vending machine operators
671 Direct selling establishments
672 Fuel and ice dealers
681 Retail florists
682 Miscellaneous retail stores
691 Not specified retail trade

IND FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
700 Banking
701 Savings and loan associations
702 Credit agencies, nec
710 Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies
711 Insurance
712 Real estate, including real estate-insurance-law offices

IND BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES
721 Advertising
722 Services to dwellings and other buildings
730 Commercial research, development, and testing labs
731 Personnel supply services
732 Business management and consulting services
740 Computer and data processing services
741 Detective and protective services
742 Business services, nec
750 Automotive services, except repair
751 Automotive repair shops
752 Electrical repair shops
760 Miscellaneous repair services

IND PERSONAL SERVICES
761 Private households
762 Hotels and motels
770 Lodging places, except hotels and motels
771 Laundry, cleaning, and garment services
772 Beauty shops
780 Barber shops
781 Funeral service and crematories
782 Shoe repair shops
790 Dressmaking shops
791 Miscellaneous personal services

IND ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
800 Theaters and motion pictures
801 Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors
802 Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services

IND PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
812 Offices of physicians
820 Offices of dentists
821 Offices of chiropractors
822 Offices of optometrists
830 Offices of health practitioners, nec
831 Hospitals
832 Nursing and personal care facilities
840 Health services, nec
841 Legal services
842 Elementary and secondary schools
850 Colleges and universities
851 Business, trade, and vocational schools
852 Libraries
860 Educational services, nec
861 Job training and vocational rehabilitation services
862 Child day care services
870 Residential care facilities, without nursing
871 Social services, nec
872 Museums, art galleries and zoos
880 Religious organizations
881 Membership organizations
882 Engineering, architectural, and surveying services
890 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services
891 Noncommercial educational and scientific research
892 Miscellaneous professional related services

IND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
900 Executive and legislative offices
901 General government, nec
910 Justice, public order, and safety
921 Public finance, taxation, and monetary policy
922 Administration of human resources programs
930 Administration of environmental quality and Household programs
931 Administration of economic programs
932 National security and international affairs
998 Don't know
999 No answer
NOTE 5: NORC SIZE OF PLACE
NORC SIZE

1 Within an SMSA and--a large central city (over 250,000)
2 a medium size central city (50,000 to 250,000)
3 a suburb of a large central city
4 a suburb of a medium size central city
5 an unincorporated area of a large central city (division, township,
etc)
6 an unincorporated area of a medium central city
7 Not within an SMSA, (within a county) and--a small city (10,000 to
49,999)
8 a town or village (2,500 to 9,999)
9 an incorporated area less than 2,500 or an unincorporated area of
1,000 to 2,499
10 open country within larger civil divisions, eg, township, division
NOTE 6: SRC NEW BELT CODE
SRC BELT

1 Central city of 12 largest SMSAs
2 Central city of remainder of the 100 largest SMSAs
3 Suburbs of 12 largest SMSAs
4 Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest SMSAs
5 Other Urban (counties having towns of 10,000 or more)
6 Other rural (counties having no towns of 10,000 or more)
NOTE 7: DOT VARIABLES
All of these variables are interval level. Each variable is four digits
long. The first digit is a zero and a decimal should be read between the
second and third digits. For example, 850, would be 8.50.

0-0.5 Mentoring
0.5-1.5 Negotiating
1.5-2.5 Instructing
2.5-3.5 Supervising
3.5-4.5 Diverting
4.5-5.5 Persuading
5.5-6.5 Speaking-signally
6.5-7.5 Serving
7.5+ No significant relationship
NOTE 8: REASONS FOR ABORTIONS
10 Women's right
11 Control over own body
12 Freedom of choice/right to choose
13 Privacy; a personal decision
20 Danger to mother, unspecified
21 Danger to mother's life
22 Danger to mother's health
23 Danger to mother's mental health
24 Lessen liabilities/restrictions for women
25 Prevent domination by men
30 Prevent defective child, gen'l
31 Prevent mentally retarded child
32 Prevent physically deformed
35 Unborn is not a person
40 End pregnancy due to rape
41 End pregnancy due to incest
42 Prevent unwanted child
44 Parents unable to take care of child
45 Parents cannot afford child
46 Prevent illegitimacies; forced marriages
50 Avoid illegal abortions
51 Avoid social costs of unwanted child
52 Avoid more welfare babies
53 Overpopulation
54 Government pays for abortion
60 Miscellaneous, unclear
96 None
99 No answer
NOTE 9: REASONS AGAINST ABORTION
1 Abortions are killing, murder
2 "Taking a life" (no reference to killing, murder)
3 Unborn alive; a person (no reference to killing, murder)
4 Unborn may be a person
5 "Right to life"
10 Religion, general
11 Catholic religion
12 Bible
13 Morality, it's immoral, general
14 Promotes promiscuity
20 Rights of father ignored
25 Adoption a better alternative
30 Not acceptable as birth control
35 Paid for by taxpayers
40 Causes complications, unspecified
41 Physical dangers to women
42 Causes infertility
43 Leads to trauma, guilt feelings
50 Not an individual choice
51 Should take responsibility for actions
52 Woman too young, immature to decide
53 Will decrease population
60 Miscellaneous
96 None
99 No answer
NOTE 10: WHY ERA IS FAVORED/OPPOSED/DON'T KNOW
FAVORED
1 Economic equality, general
2 Equal pay for equal work
3 Equal opportunity for advancement
4 Women can do men's jobs
5 Allows women to work (no reference to home/family)
10 Political equality (hold office, more influence)
20 Social equality, general

21 Remove stereotype of women as homemakers
22 Work outside of home should be option
25 Women should be draftable
26 Will promote abortion rights
30 Equal rights for all, general
31 Represents progress
32 Chance to fulfill potential, maximum utilization
35 Need to insure that equal rights are preserved, a guarantee
40 Men and women are equal
41 Men and women should be equal
42 Women are now suppressed
43 Equal responsibilities for men/women
47 Miscellaneous

OPPOSED
50 ERA will not help women, unspecified
51 ERA will increase discrimination against women
52 Will burden women; too much responsibility
55 Not needed men and women have equal rights
56 Attitudes, not laws, need changing
57 Too many laws/regulations already
60 Men and women are not equal, general
61 Not equal, physical differences
62 Not equal, Nature's/God's plan
63 Men should run government
64 Men should be providers
65 Woman's place is in home/with family
66 Traditional family will be broken down
67 Homosexual marriages/families promoted
68 Anti-family, miscellaneous
70 Increases conflict between men/women
71 Anti-male; discriminates against men
72 Makes women superior to men
75 Anti-homemaker
80 Women will be drafted/sent to combat
81 Unisex bathrooms
82 Women priests
83 Promotes abortions
85 Backed by radicals, Communists, liberals and other "extremists"
86 ERA gone to extremes, causing trouble
87 ERA poorly drafted
88 Don't understand ERA
89 Miscellaneous

DON'T KNOW
90 Not interested in ERA
91 Ambivalent, can't make-up mind
92 Not enough information, don't know enough
93 Don't know anything about it, don't understand
94 Anti-ERA statement
99 No Answer
NOTE 11: UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS
0 Not unemployed
1 Unemployed during four years before last year and not main earner
2 Unemployed during four years before last year and main earner
3 Unemployed last year and not main earner
4 Unemployed last year and during four previous years and not main
earner
5 Unemployed last year and not main earner and unemployed during
previous four years and main earner
6 Unemployed last year and main earner
7 Unemployed last year and main earner and unemployed previous four
years and not main earner
8 Unemployed last year and previous four years and main earner both
periods
9 No answer
NOTE 12: DEATH OF RELATIVES PAST FIVE YEARS
0 No deaths
1 No deaths last year, one death during previous four years
2 No deaths last year, two or more deaths during previous four years
3 One death last year, none during previous four years
4 One death last year, one during previous four years
5 One death last year, two or more during previous four years
6 Two or more deaths last year, none during previous four years
7 Two or more deaths last year, one during previous four years
8 Two or more deaths last year, two or more during previous four years
9 No answer
NOTE 13: IMPORTANT WORLD EVENTS
# AREAS OF DOMESTIC ACTIVITY (INDUSTRIES)
01 Atomic Energy or Nuclear Power; Nuclear Reactors; Nuclear Waste;
Safe/Unsafe (Fear of Nuclear War/Arms Race--Code 77)
02 Medicine; Health Care; General Development And Specific
Advances/Inventions (Polio Vaccines)
03 Communication/Media; Television; Radio; Telephone; Transportation:
General level of development or specific Advances/Inventions (Jet Planes,
Etc.)
05 Education; More/Less OR Better/Worse (Desegregation/Busing--Code 32)
06 Space Exploration; Moon Landing; Shuttle Flights; NASA Accomplishments
and Problems/Failures; Effects on Life
18 Computers/Robotics; Other Electronic/Technological/Automation
Advantages or Problems; More/Less jobs due to changes resulting from use
of Computers/Robotics/Automation.
19 Technological Changes in Home and Daily Living, NEC/Indoor Plumbing;
(Telephone, Television--Code 03)

# U.S. ECONOMY IN GENERAL
21 Depression of 1930s; "Stock Market Crash of '29" (Include Negative
Effects on all Aspects of Life Caused by The Depression)
22 Social Security, Any Mentions; Creation of Social Security System
23 Unemployment (Except 18 or 21); Employment; Labor Unions
24 Farm Problems; Crops/Livestock; Farm Prices/Subsidies;
Physical/Financial Hardships; Incl. Technological Changes in Farming;
Grain Embargo
25 Oil Industry -- General or Specific References; Oil Embargo; Oil or
Gasoline Shortages
26 Environment; Mentions of Improvements/Worsening in air, water,
Endangered Species, Etc.
29 Other Recent or Current Mentions of Economic Difficulties; Including Recession/Inflation/Prices
30 Other Recent or Current Mentions or Economic Improvements
150 Welfare State; Government Help/Programs to Assist and Care for People;
Positive mentions

# OTHER DOMESTIC ISSUES AND SOCIETAL CHANGES
31 Women's Movement/ERA/Geraldine Ferraro/Pro Abortion (All Positive
Mentions Only)
32 Civil Rights/Racial Issues; Desegregation/Affirmative Action
33 Women's Movement/Anti-Abortion (All Negative Mentions Only)
34 Civil Rights: (Negative Mentions Only)
35 AIDS epidemic
36 Rodney King Beating; Los Angeles Rebellion
37 Negative Attitudinal Change (Use Code 39, If It Applies)
38 Positive Attitudinal Change
39 Moral Decline In Society; Social Revolution; Drug Use; Crime
Lack of Patriotism; Loss of Prayer in the Schools
40 Religion (Positive Mentions Only)

# SIGNIFICANT LEADERSHIP
(General Reference--Code the specific changes Affected by
leaders under topic area)
41 Presidency/Administration of FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT; FDR
42 Assassination of JOHN KENNEDY; "JFK" (See also Code 49)
43 Leadership or Assassination of DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING
(If emphasis is on advances in Civil Rights, Code 32)
44 Presidency/Administration/Resignation of NIXON (WATERGATE)
45 Election/Administration of REAGAN
46 Presidency/Administration of TRUMAN
47 Election of Present/Polish Pope (JOHN PAUL)
48 Presidency/Administration of CARTER
49 Presidency/Administration of KENNEDY (SEE CODE 42 for Murder)
140 Presidency/Administration of EISENHOWER
141 Presidency/Administration of JOHNSON
142 Presidency/Administration of FORD
143 Presidency/Administration of BUSH
144 Presidency/Administration of CLINTON

# INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS/ISSUES (EXCEPT ARMED CONFLICT)
50 Fall of Communism/Breakup of USSR/Fall of Berlin Wall/End of Cold War
51 Persian Gulf Conflict/Iraq/Desert Storm/Saddam Hussein
52 Reunification of Germany
53 Somalia Famine/Rescue Mission in Somalia
54 War in Yugoslavia/Bosnia/Serbia
55 Miscellaneous Foreign (Not Elsewhere Classified)
61 World Hunger/Famine; INCL. "Live Aid"/Ethiopian Famine
(Except Somalia, SEE CODE 53)
62 Immigration in USA; Foreigners Taking Jobs
63 Olympics; Include 1980 Boycott (Munich Terrorist Attack CODE 75)
64 Israel; Creation of State in 1948; U.S. Treaties and Relationship with
Israel (See Also CODE 76)
65 South Africa; Apartheid
66 U.S.S.R. (Russia); U.S. Relations With U.S.S.R. (Except 67 and 77);
Cold War; "Spread of Communism," NES; NOTE CODE 50)
67 Shooting Down of Korean Airliner KAL007
68 Peace Movement; Concern For World Peace
69 United Nations; Creation/Success of/Failure

# WAR AND ARMED CONFLICTS/WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT
70 World War I (The Great War)
71 World War II; Pearl Harbor; Hiroshima/Nagasaki (If Emphasis on
Development of Atomic Weapons, CODE 77)
72 Korean War
73 Viet Nam War
74 Central American Conflict; Panama/Grenada Invasion
75 Terrorism/Hostage Crises; Iran Hostages; Hijackings
76 Middle East Conflict; Lebanon/Libya/Palestinians; Iran-Iraq War
77 Nuclear War/Arms Race; Fear of Nuclear War; "Star Wars;" Salt II
Treaty; Arms Limitations Agreements; Atomic or Neutron Bomb Development;
Cuban Missile Crisis
79 War in General (Include here mentions of 2 or more specific wars)

# MISCELLANEOUS
990 Other
995 Purely Personal Event Mentions
996 "None;" No Historical Event Important to Respondent
998 Don't Know; "Can't Think of Any"
999 Not Ascertained
NOTE 14: CODES FOR SERIOUS GENETIC DEFECTS
1 Downs Syndrome; Mongoloid
2 Mental Retardation, Brain Damage
3 Spina Bifida
4 Muscular Dystrophy
5 Cystic Fibrosis
6 Cerebral Palsy
7 Crippling Diseases
10 Blind, Deaf
11 Missing Limbs, Thalidomide
12 Major Deformities
13 Life Threatening Deformities
14 Handicapped
15 Physical Defects
20 Sickle Cell Anemia
21 RH Factor
22 Hemophilia
30 Addiction to Drugs
31 Aids; Aids related diseases
35 Multiple Sclerosis
60 Heart
61 Kidneys
70 Incurable disease
71 Tourettes Syndrome
72 Sexual Transmitted Diseases
73 Diabetes
74 Birth Defects
75 Cancer
76 Psychological Problems
77 Neurological Problems
78 Hydrocephalus
79 Huntington's Chorea
80 Tay-Sachs
81 Reyes Syndrome
90 Unable to take care of self
95 Other
98 Don't know; Can't think of any
99 No answer
NOTE 15: IMPORTANT PROBLEMS R OR MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLD HAD DURING LAST 12
1 Illness, health problems
2 Illness in a relative
3 Illness in a friend
4 Birth control
5 Abortion
6 Pregnancy
7 Drinking
10 Death of a family member
11 Death of a friend
15 Aging
16 Unable to do things
20 Unemployed
21 Spouse Unemployed
22 Unable to work
23 Lost job
24 Too little work
25 Too much work
26 Work related
27 New job
28 Problems with one's business
30 Finances
31 Debt
40 Car expenses
41 Taxes
42 Heating expenses
43 Medical expenses
44 Housing expenses
45 Clothing expenses
46 Food expenses
47 School expenses
48 Other expenses
50 Insurance
51 Life insurance
52 Car insurance
55 Other financial problems
60 No water
61 Lack of heat
62 Broken appliances
63 No phone
64 Lack of clothing
65 Lack of medical coverage
66 Lack of housing
70 Family
71 Adoption
72 New baby
73 Children
74 Child care
75 Child leaving home
76 Child unemployed
77 Raising relative's child
78 Child taken by the govt
80 Marital
81 Separation
83 Divorce
84 Child custody
85 Child adjust to remarriage
86 Child support
90 Parents
91 Parent(s) in care facility
92 Care for sick/old relative
93 Siblings
94 Other relatives
95 Unable to visit relatives
96 Involuntary separation
100 Friend
101 Finding boy/girlfriend
102 Finding spouse
103 Boy/girlfriend
104 False paternity claim/suit
110 Neighbor
120 Too little time
130 Personal
131 Lonely
132 Depressed
140 Crime victim
150 Crime in Neighborhood/Work
151 Drugs
160 Criminal punishment
161 Loss of driver's license
165 Lawsuit
166 Bothered by police
170 Housing
171 Fire
172 Natural disaster
175 Home repairs
176 Remodeling/addition
180 Neighborhood
190 Moving
191 Wanted to move/buy home
192 Other residential
200 School
201 Children's schooling
202 Other school
210 Transportation
211 Lack of car
220 No help with chores, etc.
230 Discrimination
235 Government
237 War
240 Miscellaneous
995 Can't understand answer
996 No problems
999 No answer
NOTE 16: OTHER IMPORTANT PROBLEMS R HAS HAD IN LAST TWELVE MONTHS
1 Illness, health problems
2 Illness in a relative
3 Illness in a friend
4 Birth Control
5 Abortion
6 Pregnancy
7 Drinking
10 Death of a family member
11 Death of a friend
15 Aging
16 Unable to do things
20 Unemployed
21 Spouse unemployed
22 Unable to work
23 Lost job
24 Too little work
25 Too much work
26 Work related
27 New job
28 Problems with one's business
30 Finances
31 Debt
40 Car expenses
41 Taxes
42 Heating expenses
43 Medical expenses
44 Housing expenses
45 Clothing expenses
46 Food expenses
47 School expenses
48 Other expenses
50 Insurance
51 Life insurance
52 Car insurance
55 Other financial problems
60 No water
61 Lack of heat
62 Broken appliances
63 No phone
64 Lack of clothing
65 Lack of medical coverage
66 Lack of housing
70 Family
71 Adoption
72 New baby
73 Children
74 Childcare
75 Child leaving home
76 Child unemployed
77 Raising relative's child
78 Child taken by the govt
80 Marital
81 Separation
83 Divorce
85 Child custody
85 Child adjust to remarriage
86 Child support
90 Parents
91 Parent(s) in care facility
92 Care for sick/old relative
93 Siblings
94 Other relatives
95 Unable to visit relatives
96 Involuntary separation
100 Friend
101 Finding boy/girlfriend
102 Finding spouse
103 Boy/girlfriend
104 False paternity claim/suit
110 Neighbor
120 Too little time
130 Personal
131 Lonely
132 Depressed
140 Crime victim
150 Crime in Neighborhood/Work
151 Drugs
160 Criminal punishment
161 Loss of driver's license
165 Lawsuit
166 Bothered by police
170 Housing
171 Fire
172 Natural disaster
175 Home repairs
176 Remodeling/addition
180 Neighborhood
190 Moving
191 Wanted to move/buy home
192 Other residential
200 School
201 Children's schooling
202 Other school
210 Transportation
211 Lack of car
220 No help with chores, etc.
230 Discrimination
235 Government
237 War
240 Miscellaneous
995 Can't understand answer
996 No problems
999 No answer
NOTE 17: VIGNETTES READ TO RESPONDENT FOR 1996 TOPICAL MODULE: MENTAL HEALTH
THE VARIABLE NAMED VIGNETTE PROVIDES THE NUMBER OF THE VIGNETTE READ TO THE
RESPONDENT

Vignette number coding:
#: gender/race/education/problem
gender: m=male, f=female
race: w=white, a=african american, h=hispanic
education: e=eighth grade, h=high school, c=college
problem: a=alcohol dependence, m=major depression, s=schizophrenia, d=drug
problem, n=no problem

Alcohol Major
Dependence Depression Schizophrenia Drug Problem No Problem
1: m,w,e,a 19: m,w,e,m 37: m,w,e,s 55: m,w,e,d 73: m,w,e,n
2: m,a,e,a 20: m,a,e,m 38: m,a,e,s 56: m,a,e,d 74: m,a,e,n
3: m,h,e,a 21: m,h,e,m 39: m,h,e,s 57: m,h,e,d 75: m,h,e,n
4: m,w,h,a 22: m,w,h,m 40: m,w,h,s 58: m,w,h,d 76: m,w,h,n
5: m,a,h,a 23: m,a,h,m 41: m,a,h,s 59: m,a,h,d 77: m,a,h,n
6: m,h,h,a 24: m,h,h,m 42: m,h,h,s 60: m,h,h,d 78: m,h,h,n
7: m,w,c,a 25: m,w,c,m 43: m,w,c,s 61: m,w,c,d 79: m,w,c,n
8: m,a,c,a 26: m,a,c,m 44: m,a,c,s 62: m,a,c,d 80: m,a,c,n
9: m,h,c,a 27: m,h,c,m 45: m,h,c,s 63: m,h,c,d 81: m,h,c,n
10: f,w,e,a 28: f,w,e,m 46: f,w,e,s 64: f,w,e,d 82: f,w,e,n
11: f,a,e,a 29: f,a,e,m 47: f,a,e,s 65: f,a,e,d 83: f,a,e,n
12: f,h,e,a 30: f,h,e,m 48: f,h,e,s 66: f,h,e,d 84: f,h,e,n
13: f,w,h,a 31: f,w,h,m 49: f,w,h,s 67: f,w,h,d 85: f,w,h,n
14: f,a,h,a 32: f,a,h,m 50: f,a,h,s 68: f,a,h,d 86: f,a,h,n
15: f,h,h,a 33: f,h,h,m 51: f,h,h,s 69: f,h,h,d 87: f,h,h,n
16: f,w,c,a 34: f,w,c,m 52: f,w,c,s 70: f,w,c,d 88: f,w,c,n
17: f,a,c,a 35: f,a,c,m 53: f,a,c,s 71: f,a,c,d 89: f,a,c,n
18: f,h,c,a 36: f,h,c,m 54: f,h,c,s 72: f,h,c,d 90: f,h,c,n


(Alcohol dependence)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman]
with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. During the last
month [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has started to drink more than his/her usual
amount of alcohol. In fact, he/she has noticed that he/she needs to drink
twice as much as he/she used to get the same effect. Several times, he/she
has tried to cut down, or stop drinking, but he/she can't. Each time
he/she has tried to cut down, he/she became very agitated, sweaty and
he/she couldn't sleep, so he/she took another drink. His/Her family has
complained that he/she is often hungover, and has become unreliable --
making plans one day, and canceling them the next.

(Major depression)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman]
with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. For the past two
weeks [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has been feeling really down. He/She wakes up
in the morning with a flat heavy feeling that sticks with him/her all day
long. He/She isn't enjoying things the way he/she normally would. In fact
nothing gives him/her pleasure. Even when good things happen, they don't
seem to make [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] happy. He/She pushes on through
his/her days, but it is really hard. The smallest tasks are difficult to
accomplish. He/She finds it hard to concentrate on anything. He/She feels
out of energy and out of steam. And even though [John/Juan/Mary/Maria]
feels tired, when night comes he/she can't go to sleep.
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] feels pretty worthless, and very discouraged.
[John's/Juan's/Mary's/Maria's] family has noticed that he/she hasn't been
himself/herself for about the last month and that he/she has pulled away
from them. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] just doesn't feel like talking.

(Schizophrenia)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman]
with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. Up until a year ago,
life was pretty okay for [John/Juan/Mary/Maria]. But then, things started
to change. He/She thought that people around him/her were making
disapproving comments, and talking behind his/her back.
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] was convinced that people were spying on him/her and
that they could hear what he/she was thinking. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] lost
his/her drive to participate in his/her usual work and family activities
and retreated to his/her home, eventually spending most of his/her day in
his/her room. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] was hearing voices even though no one
else was around. These voices told him/her what do and what to think.
He/She has been living this way for six months.

(Drug problem)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman]
with an [eighth grade/high school/college] education. A year ago
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] sniffed cocaine for the first time with friends at a
party. During the last few months he/she has been snorting it in binges
that last several days at a time. He/She has lost weight and often
experiences chills when binging. [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has spent his/her
savings to buy cocaine. When [John's/Juan's/Mary's/Maria's] friends try to
talk about the changes they see, he/she becomes angry and storms out.
Friends and family have also noticed missing possessions and suspect
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has stolen them. He/She has tried to stop snorting
cocaine, but can't. Each time he/she tries to stop he/she feels very
tired, depressed and unable to sleep. He/She lost his/her job a month ago,
after not showing up for work.

(No problem)
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is a [white/African American/Hispanic] [man/woman]
with an [eighth grade/high school/college education]. Up until a year ago,
life was pretty okay for [John/Juan/Mary/Maria]. While nothing much was
going wrong in [John's/Juan's/Mary's/Maria's] life he/she sometimes feels
worried, a little sad, or has trouble sleeping at night.
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] feels that at times things bother him/her more than
they bother other people and that when things go wrong, he/she sometimes
gets nervous or annoyed. Otherwise [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] is getting along
pretty well. He/She enjoys being with other people and although
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] sometimes argues with his/her family,
[John/Juan/Mary/Maria] has been getting along pretty well with his/her
family.
NOTE 18: CODES FOR 1996 TOPICAL MODULE: MENTAL HEALTH
I. Denial
11. I would try to forget about it, not think about it

II. Displacement
21. Hostility. (Not directed at source of problem) I would get
mad, irritable, take it out on someone else (R's response is not coded here
if R's problem would involve another person, and R would get angry at that
person. In such a case, (63) is coded.)
22. Would engage in activity. I would go for a walk; I would
read a book; I would get busy with something else; I would try to get
engrossed in something else to take my mind off it (here is coded any
activity which R would engage in which does no directly deal with the
problem, but may relieve some of the anxiety about it--unless medications,
pills, etc., which are coded (61).)
23. Would seek release from awareness. Would get drunk, take a
drink, take dope.
24. Would seek release from awareness. Would go to sleep
(response is not coded here if R says, "I would go to sleep in order to get
refreshed and be able to handle the problem better afterwards.")
25. Fantasy Action. R would think about magical type solutions
to problems or would imagine problems don't exist. I would imagine myself
as the president of the company and then nobody could criticize me

III. Passive Reaction
31. Nothing. I would do nothing, wouldn't do anything; there
wouldn't be much to do about it; there would be nothing to do; I would just
let things take their course; I would just hope for the best; would just
give up

IV. Passive Reaction - Problem still salient
41. Worry. I would worry about it, I would fret over it; would
just keep on worrying, thinking about it; I would keep on worrying till
things work out

V. Passive Reaction - Religious
51. I would pray. Would turn to prayer; would trust in the lord
(going to minister is not coded here; in such case, (82) is coded. If NA
whether (51) or (82) should be coded, as turn to the church, go to the
church, read the Bible, the scriptures or inspirational literature, (51) is
coded.)

VI. Reactions which are not clearly coping or denial
61. Would take medications. Tranquilizers; Aspirins, etc. - any
medication treating physical symptoms and tensions (if prescribed by a
doctor, response is coded here and also under (82).)
62. Would pull myself together; exercise self-control (NA
whether this is attempt to deny and forget the problem - coded under (11) -
or prelude to attempts to solve the problem - coded in the (70s))
63. Expressions of hostility directed at person seen as source
of problem (if would not be directed at source of problem, (21) is
coded.)
64. Palliatives measures which would "cope" with a problem
defined in physical or general terms, but would "deny" and/or "displace"
specific "personal problems" - attempts to reduce immediate pressures and
tensions. Take a vacation; would take it easier, try to relax a little more
(except those responses coded in (61))
65. Meditation
66. Faith or confidence in self; strength; fortitude
67. Social comparison; R better off than other; seeing others that
are worse off than me.
68. Emphasis on positive aspects of life; optimism; sense of humor;
positive view of life.
69. Other reactions which are not clearly coping or denial

VII. Coping Reaction - Independent
71. Self-assessment, thought would be mode of problem-solving
attempts. I would try to figure out what is wrong; see what the problem is,
who is at fault (if whether (71) or (72), (72) is coded
72. Immediate action would be mode of problem-solving. Would
solve it; just keep on trying; would do something about it (if NA whether
(71) or (72), (72) is coded.)
73. Would cope with interpersonal problem by talking it over
with person involved. (if person not involved or if NA whether person
involved or not, (81) is coded.). Would talk it over with spouse if
marriage problem (Note. Specific person is not coded in SOURCES OF HELP)
74. Permanent situational limitation of sphere of activity would
be mode of problem-solving; I'd get another job; I'd move to another city
(temporary situational changes such as "I'd take a vacation" should be
coded under (64).)
75. Permanent interpersonal limitation of sphere of activity
would be mode of problem-solving. would eliminate and/or change
relationships seen as causing problem (change friends; get a divorce)

VIII. Coping Reaction - Outside help sought
81. Talking it over with INFORMAL SOURCE(S) -- family, friends,
neighbors, etc. (unless coping with interpersonal problems by talking it
over with person involved, in which case, code 73. talk it over with
someone, talk with --------------- about it; also code here general
mentions of person(s). e.g., spending time with, being with family,
friends, "my parents," "my wife," etc.; if NA whether 81 or 82, code 81.
(specific people or institutions are coded ahead in SOURCES).
82. Talk it over with FORMAL SOURCE(S) -- doctor, lawyer, clergyman,
psychiatrist, psychologist, counselor, etc.; include "got professional
help," etc.; if source of help is both a formal AND informal source code
82; if NA whether 81 or 82, code 81.

IX. Missing Data
98. DK; it would never happen to me; wouldn't know what to do
99. NA


I. Family is source of help
100. Spouse only family member mentioned
101. Child(ren) only family member(s) mentioned
102. Father only family member mentioned; father-in-law
103. Mother only family member mentioned; mother-in-law
104. Brother only family member mentioned
105. Sister only family member mentioned
106. "Family" (particular family member no specified)
107. Parents; father and mother
108. Any other combination of family members (e.g., wife and
children; wife and parents; father and aunt); my relatives
190. Any other specific family member mentioned, if only one
family member is mentioned; e.g., aunt, uncle; a relative

II. Non-professional, non-family persons
200. Friend(s), neighbor(s), acquaintance(s) is mentioned
201. Particular friend, neighbor, acquaintance is mentioned
(unless work associate or boss, in which case (202) or (203) is coded). I
would speak to my friend Mary; there's another person I respect very much -
I'd talk to him (if NA whether R has a particular person(s) in mind, (200)
is coded.)
202. Fellow worker, work associate(s) is mentioned
203. Supervisor, boss is mentioned
290. Other non-professional, non-family person(s)

III. Self-help groups
300. Alcoholics Anonymous
301. Lonely hearts club
302. Fraternal organizations
303. Parent-teacher organizations
304. Recovery Inc.
390. Other self-help groups

IV. Professional, non-mental health specialists
400. Clergymen
401. Family Physician
402. Physician-specialist (non-mental health)
403. Doctor -- Non-psychiatrist; family doctor not specified;
type of doctor not specified
404. Other medical type specialists. Chiropractor; osteopath
405. Public health nurse
406. Teacher or principal
407. Visiting teacher, other teaching specialists
408. Lawyer
409. Policeman, court, judge
480. Other professional non-mental health specialists
490. Professional help, NA which kind

V. Professional, mental health specialists
(Note. If R gives a specific person in a professional agency, both
codes in the 500's and 600's series are coded.)
500. Psychiatrist; psychoanalyst
501. Neurologist, "Nerve Doctor"
502. Psychologist
503. Social worker
504. Vocational counselor
505. Marriage counselor
506. Counselor; NA specific kind
507. Rehabilitation specialist. Occupational therapist; speech
therapist
508. Any "illegitimate" mental health specialist - astrologer,
palmist, fortune teller, medium
509. Other professional mental health specialists

VI. Professional Agencies
(Note. If R give a specific person in a professional agency, both
codes in the 500's and 600's series are coded.)
600. Social welfare agency; specifically related to welfare,
giving economic aid; departments of welfare of city, state
601. Social Service agencies; e.g., family service agency,
Catholic charities
602. Child guidance clinic
603. Vocational guidance center, employment bureau
604. Hospital. NA what clinic or ward
605. Hospital. Mental institution
606. Hospital. Mental hygiene clinic; outpatient mental health
unit
607. Mental hygiene clinic, not related or NA if related to
hospital
608. Rehabilitation center; speech clinic
690. Other professional agency

VIII. Other
800. Other

IX. Missing data
998. DK whom I'd talk to, but would talk to someone
999 REFUSED
BK INAP., R doesn't mention taking problem to anyone; no further
mentions

I External Situation
10. Financial condition. loss of money, not having enough money, too
man debts
11. Housing condition. cramped, poor quarters
12. R's physical health. physical illness, physical disability,
chronic conditions (R's Mental illness is coded in the 30s series)
13. Other persons physical health. someone close to R has chronic
illness, other illness, physical disabilities causing nervous breakdown
(14) is coded if another person's mental health problem. death is coded
(15).
14. Other person mental health problem. someone close to R has mental
disturbance (A psychotic episode) [code relationship]
15. Death of someone close to R
16. Physical separation (not death or illness) from someone close to
R. when my husband was away in service; when my children were living in
foster home
17. R's relocation to a strange place. when we were living in XXXXX
for a while
18. work-related tension. overwork overtired from strain of business,
business worries, working too hard (if R specifically sees himself as to
blame for work failure, (37) is coded)
19. Other external situations precipitating nervous breakdown

II Interpersonal situation -- Relationship or other person blamed
(Note. if an interpersonal problem precipitating nervous breakdown was
perceived by R to reflect his own inadequacy, codes in the 30s series are
used. If not ascertainable whether codes in the 20s or the 30s series
should be used, the 20s series is coded.)
21. getting along in marriage. quarrel with spouse, etc.
22. getting along with children. my children talk back to me, get me
nervous
23. getting Along with family (NA children or spouse). home problems.
24. getting along with relatives other than above. arguments with
in-laws, parent, siblings, etc.
25. Getting along with opposite sex (not family members). problem
with fiancÚ(e), dating
26. Getting along with friends same sex as R or NA sex. disagreement
with a friend
29. Other interpersonal situations precipitating nervous breakdown

III Self Inadequacies (Fault is seen in R)
31. R's sexual problem - (all references to sexual problems, unless
specified as a problem of the other person or in the relationship re coded
here)
32. R's problems related to menopause
33. R's interpersonal inadequacy -- related to marriage. I wasn't a
good wife
34. R's interpersonal inadequacy -- related to children. couldn't
handle the children any more (If depression after childbirth, it is coded
36)
35. R's interpersonal inadequacy -- related to getting along with
people other than spouse or children. I'm very nervous whenever I'm with
people
36. Depression after birth of children
37. work-related failures. I felt I had failed at my job (if R does
not see fault for business, job failures a personal, it is coded 18).
38. Inadequacies related to alcohol or drug abuse
39. Other personal inadequacies

IV General, Nervous breakdown -- precipitating cause NA
(All General descriptions of R's state.)
41. R feels upset often, worried often, overwhelmed by things,
couldn't face problems, just giving up

VIII Other
80. Other precipitating condition for nervous breakdown

NOTE. THE FOLLOWING CODES USED BY AVTMH CODERS FOR A DEPRESSION QUESTION
WERE ALSO USED HERE TO CODE THE CAUSES BECAUSE THEY WERE MORE TO THE POINT
FOR SOME RESPONDENTS. When codes below were the same as codes above, we
used the codes above. Codes below could be recoded to codes above.

I. ECONOMIC AND MATERIAL MATTERS.

FINANCIAL OR MATERIAL SITUATION (NON-RESIDENTIAL)
101. Poor or declining financial status. not having enough money;
too many debts; paying bills (if problem stated in terms of business, code
206)
102. Trouble with loan, mortgage. receiving notification of
foreclosure, letter of indebtedness, property repossessed or wages
garnished
103. Loss of assets. loss of money, property (non-residential), stock,
etc.
104. Theft or destruction of property (non-residential). robbery,
vandalism, crimes against R's property
109. Other specific non-residential financial or material matters that
happened to R (or R's spouse)
111. Bad financial or material situation of R's child(ren),
stepchild(ren), child(ren) in-law
112. Bad financial or material situation of R's parent(s),
stepparent(s), parent(s) in-law
113. Bad financial or material situation of R's sibling(s), step
sibling(s), sibling(s) in-law
119. Bad financial or material situation of someone other than R (or
spouse) and persons codable in 111-113.

HOUSING -- PLACE OF RESIDENCE
121. Moved to or lives in poor (worse) house or apartment
122. Moved to or lives in poor (worse) neighborhood
123. Dislocation or relocation. moved to new (strange) neighborhood,
town, or country; changes in residence other than 121 or 122
124. Damage to residence (house or apartment); fire, vandalism,
weather, etc
129. Other specific residence related matters that happened to R (or
R's spouse)
131. Bad thing concerning residence that happened to R's child(ren),
child(ren) in-law
132. Bad things concerning residence that happened to R's
parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s) in-law
133. Bad things concerning residence that happened to R's sibling(s),
step sibling(s), sibling(s) in-law
139. Bad things concerning residence that happened to someone other
than R (or spouse) and persons codable in 131-133.

WORK-RELATED MATTERS
200. Problems finding a job. couldn't (can't) find work
201. Quit job
202. Laid off
203. fired
204. Unemployed or lost job (no specific reference to quitting, being
laid off or fired)
205. Retired from job or major life occupation
206. Business problems. poor or declining business
207. Business failure
210. General statements about negative events at work. "don't like my
job", etc
211. Failed to receive promotion, better job, desired job
212. Job demotion. demoted or changed to poorer job or employer, less
responsible job
213. Trouble with boss or supervisor
214. Trouble with co-workers. (code here any interpersonal
difficulties at work with no specific mention of boss or supervisor)
215. Work-related failure. failed at job
216. Work-related tension. overwork, time pressures, working too hard,
etc
217. Poor or deteriorating (Physical) work conditions. health, safety,
danger, distance, hours
219. Other specific work-related matters that happened to R (or
spouse)
221. Bad things related to work that happened to R's child(ren),
stepchild)ren), child(ren)-in-law
222. Bad things related to work that happened to R's parent(s),
stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
223. Bad things related to work that happened to R's sibling(s), step
sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law
229. Bad things related to work that happened to someone other than R
(or Spouse) and persons codable in 221-223

III SCHOOL-RELATED MATTERS
300. General Statements about negative events related to school
301. Admission problems or failure. not accepted at desired school,
training program
302. Failure in school, training program; flunked a test, course,;
other failures in school
303. Changed schools
304. School-related pressures; meeting deadlines, pressures of
studying, papers, exams; working too hard
309. Other specific school-related matters -- R ONLY
310. Bad things related to school that happened to R's spouse
311. Bad things related to school that happened to R's child(ren),
stepchild(ren), child(ren)-in-law
319. Bad things related to school that happened to someone other than
R and persons codable in 310-311

IV LEGAL DIFFICULTIES
400. Legal Problem(s) -- General, NA what kind
401. Involved in court action, lawsuit, legal action
402. Arrested or convicted of crime, violation of law
403. Detained in jail or correctional institution
404. Legal aspects of divorce, custody of children cited
405. Loss of driver's license
409. Other specific legal problems that happened to R ONLY
410. Legal difficulties involving R's SPOUSE
411. Legal difficulties involving R's child(ren), step-child(ren),
child(ren)-in-law
419. Legal difficulties involving someone other than R and persons
codable in 410-411

V INTERPERSONAL SITUATION
500. Loneliness, Isolation -- general. interpersonal troubles or
difficulties
501. Troubles with Family (NA whether spouse or children). getting
along with family; family problems, home problems; family quarrels or
arguments
502. Troubles with Spouse. getting along in marriage; troubles,
quarrels with spouse, fighting, arguing or other interpersonal problems
with husband or wife.
503. Troubles with child(ren); getting along with children; raising
children; children talk back, won't mind me, get me nervous.
504. Troubles with parent(s) or in-law(s). getting along with
mother/father or mother/father -in-law
505. Troubles with relative(s) or family member(s) other than above.
e.g. argument with sibling(s), grandparent(s), etc.
506. Troubles with friend(s) of opposite sex (not family members).
getting along with girlfriend(s)/boyfriend(s), fiancÚ(e); problems with
dating, etc.
507. Troubles with friend(s) of same sex as R or NA sex. getting along
with friend(s); disagreements, arguments or fights with friend(s) (if
people at work, code 214)
508. (Unwanted) pregnancy of R, wife or girlfriend
509. Other specific interpersonal troubles or difficulties of R
511. Interpersonal difficulties of R's child(ren), step-child(ren),
child(ren)-in-law, in-law problems of R's children
512. Interpersonal difficulties of R's Parents (s), step-parent(s),
parent(s)-in-law, e.g., R's parents don't get along
513. Interpersonal difficulties of R's sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law,
e.g., marriage problems of R's brother
519. Interpersonal difficulties of someone other than R (or spouse)
and persons codable in 511-513

DISRUPTION OR TERMINATION OF RELATIONSHIP
(NOTE. Disruptions or terminations due to death or illness are coded
under VI and VII)
520. Physical separation from spouse. when my husband and I were
apart; when I (he) was away in the service; away from wife; if separation
due to marital discord, code 523; if NA whether 520 or 523, code 523)
521. Physical separation from child(ren). child(ren) were living in
foster home, R divorced, separated from wife and children; when children
grew up, married, left home (if separation due to discord or troubles with
child(ren), code 525; if NA whether 521 or 525, code 521)
522. Physical separation from someone close to R, other than spouse or
children; when my mother and I were separated, when my fiancÚ(e) and I were
apart, etc.
523. Marital separation. separation from spouse due to marital
discord; legal separation for any reason; husband left me; got a separation
524. Divorce. when I was divorced (if NA whether 523 or 524, code 523)
525. Separation from child(ren) due to troubles or discord; child(ren)
ran away, left home after disagreement, argument, etc.
526. Breakup with friend(s) of opposite sex. broken engagement,
breakup of someone dated (steadily); girlfriend left me
527. Breakup with friend(s) of same sex as R or NA sex
529. Disruption or termination of relationship not included above
531. Disruption or termination of love relationship of R's child(ren),
step-child(ren), child(ren)-in-law
532. Disruption or termination of love relationship of R's Parents
(s), step-parent(s), parent(s)-in-law
533. Disruption or termination of love relationship of R's sibling(s),
step-sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law
539. Disruption or termination of love relationship of someone other
than R (or spouse) and persons codable in 531-533

GAIN OF HOUSEHOLD OR FAMILY MEMBER(S)
540. Birth of (unwanted) child(ren); took on responsibility for
raising (additional) child
541. Parent(s) or parent(s)-in-law moved in with R
542. Other relative(s) or family member(s) moved in with R
549. Other gain of household or family member
559. Gain of household member by someone other than R (or spouse)
599. Other interpersonal matters

VI DEATH OF SOME ONE CLOSE
600. Death of someone close -- NA who. e.g. a death (see also 15)
610. Death of family member -- NA which one
611. Widowed. death of spouse
612. Death of child(ren), stepchild(ren)
613. Death of unborn child. stillbirth, miscarriage (abortion is coded
in Section VII, with category depending on specific circumstances)
614. Death of Parent(s), stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
615. Death of Grandparent(s)
616. Death of Sibling(s) step-sibling(s)
619. Death of Other specific relative(s) or family member(s),
including combinations of 611-616
620. Death of close friend or neighbor
630. Death of pet
649. Other death of someone close to R (or R's spouse)
659. Death of someone close affecting person other than R (or spouse)

VII PHYSICAL HEALTH OR INJURY
700. Poor Health or sickness of R -- not further specified or NA
whether 701, 702, or 703
701. Serious Physical illness of R. major operation, tuberculosis,
cancer, heart disease (attack), kidney disease, etc.; any hospitalization
for physical illness
702. Chronic condition or disability of R (if clearly from accident or
injury, code 703). high blood pressure, arthritis, asthma, diabetes, etc.
703. frequent Minor illness of R. influenza, physical aches,
headaches, bad back, hemorrhoids, minor operation, etc.
704. Serious accident or injury to R. auto accident, fall, burn, back
injury, broken neck, etc.
705. Accident or injury to R -- not further specified or NA whether
704
709. Other health-related problems of R
710. Physical illness of R's spouse
711. Accident or injury of R's spouse
719. Other health-related problems of R's spouse
720. Physical illness of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren)
721. Accident or injury of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren)
729. Other health-related problems of R's child(ren), stepchild(ren)
730. Physical illness of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s),
parent(s)-in-law
731. Accident or injury of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s),
parent(s)-in-law
739. Other health-related problems of R's Parent(s), stepparent(s),
parent(s)-in-law
749. Health-related problems of someone other than R or persons
codable in

VIII MENTAL HEALTH OR ADJUSTMENT
800. Personal or adjustment problems -- general. not further specified
801. Tired all the time. can't seem to do things; hard for me to keep
up with things
802. Neurotic problem; fears, phobias; nervousness, worried anxiety
803. Mood Disturbances. unhappiness, depression, hopelessness,
boredom, ennui
804. Self-doubt, confusion regarding self-identity, insecurity
805. Indecision, aimlessness, loss of direction
806. Substance abuse problems. alcohol, drugs, etc
807. Onset or recurrence of mental illness. was in an institution;
mental disturbance, psychotic episode, nervous breakdown
809. Other specific psychological disturbances
810. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's spouse
811. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's child(ren),
stepchild(ren), child(ren)-in-law
812. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's Parent(s),
stepparent(s), parent(s)-in-law
813. Mental illness or adjustment problems of R's Sibling(s)
step-sibling(s), sibling(s)-in-law
819. Psychological disturbances or adjustment problems of someone
other than R and persons codable in 810-813
997. Other
998. DK, Can't remember
999. NA
BK INAP. No anticipated nervous breakdown, no second mention.


1. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown are
presently salient for him
2. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown were only
in the past and do not presently affect R (not clear how far in past)
3. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown were more
than 5 years in the past and do not presently affect R
4. R indicates that conditions causing nervous breakdown were less
than in the past and do not presently affect R (codes 3 and 4 were NOT used
in 1957 & 1976 and could be collapsed into code 2)
9. NA whether conditions causing nervous breakdown are of past or
present concern.
BK R says no breakdown


Long-term
1. Long-term reaction (severe) -- extensive period mentioned in
which R elaborates on a severe nervous feeling state. for months, I cried
almost all the time
2. Long-term reaction (no very severe) -- extensive period
mentioned in which R elaborates a minor nervous feeling state. In have felt
blue every so often during the past ten years.
3. Long-term reaction (severity NA) -- extensive period mentioned in
which R does not give enough elaborations to allow coder to code 1 or 2..
I've been overworking for years.

Short-term
4. Short-term reaction (severe) -- a short period mentioned in which
R elaborates on a severe nervous feeling state. I was in a state of shock
the week after my parents died.
5. Short-term reaction (not very severe) -- A short period mentioned
in which R elaborates a minor nervous feeling state. When we had tornado
warnings, I was a little concerned
6. Short-term reaction (severity NA). -- a short period mentioned
in which R does not give enough elaboration to allow coder to code 4 or 5.
when my mother died, I was upset.

NA Duration
7. Severe reaction, NA how long.
8. Not very severe reaction, NA how long.

9. NA severity and Length
BK R said no breakdown.

1. Psychoses, generally (not distinguished as 2 or 3)
2. Violent psychoses
3. Nonviolent psychoses
4. Neurasthenic neuroses
5. Neuroses (other than 4), emotional disturbances
6. Nervous breakdowns
7. Nerves, nervousness (when not clearly 5 or 6)
8. Mental deficiency
9. Psychopathic personalities
10. Some code of 1-13 is used but part of answer is unclassifiable
11. Other non-psychotic disorders
12. Non-psychotic mental illness, generally
13. Mental illness, generally (not distinguished as psychotic or
non-psychotic)
14. Says doesn't know at some point, but answers any way
15. Respondents only answer to entire question is don't know, or the
question is entirely unanswered in all dimensions
16. Includes a variety of diagnostic categories
17-22 For BRKDAS1-2 ONLY
17. It is (may be) a forerunner, beginning of mental illness, other
than 2
18. It is (may be) a forerunner, beginning of psychosis, insanity
19. It is simply a euphemism for mental illness
20. It refers to temporary mental illness
21. It refers to the acute stage of mental illness
22. It is a vague, ill-defined, unscientific category (including
don't know because of impression of term)
99. No answer or no mention of included diagnoses
101. Psychoses not distinguished as 2 or 3.
102. Violent psychoses.
103. Non-violent psychoses.
104. Neurasthenic neuroses (i.e., the most popular conception of
nervous breakdown).
105. Neuroses other than 4.
106. Acute (momentary nerve storms, tensions, or persistent
nervousness
107. Psychotropic personalities; social deviants; exaggerated
eccentrics.
108. Simple mental deficiency.
109. Non-psychotic, but otherwise unclassifiable.
110. Can't tell whether psychotic or non-psychotic.
111. Other non-psychotic disorders
112. Some code of 100-110 is used, but part of answer is
unclassifiable.
999. Non enough data to make this judgment


201. Extreme, excessive.
202. Unstable, changeable, capricious.
203. Unpredictable, impulsive, erratic.
204. Unreliable, undependable.
205. Uncontrolled, lacking self-control.
206. "Childish., "immature" (i.e., probably means 48/7 or 48/8, but
doesn't say so).
207. Irrational, inexplicable, illogical, unreasonable.
208. "Incompetent", lacking responsibility for actions ("legal
approach").
210. SOCIALLY deviant behavior, general (DOUBLE CODE WHEN SO STATED).
211. PERSONALLY deviant behavior, general (DOUBLE CODE WHEN SO
STATED).
212. Disordered, abnormal, unspecified.
299. No use of general characteristics.

VIOLENCE
301. (Violent) sex crimes (SEE ALSO CODE 51/9).
302. Homicidal tendencies, impulses.
303. Violence against other people, other than 1, 2.
304. Suicidal tendencies, impulses.
305. Destructiveness, violence against property.
306. Violence, general and unspecified.

EXTREME EMOTIONAL EXPRESSIONS
307. Noisy, loud, boisterous.
308. Temper tantrums, raging, screaming.
309. (Senseless, excessive) laughter.
310. (Senseless, excessive) weeping.
311. Hysterics, general and not classifiable as 8, 9, or 0.
399. No mention of symptoms of these types.

APPEARANCE, SPEECH, MANNERISMS
401. Peculiar facial expression.
402. Peculiarities in posture, walk.
403. Neglect of personal appearance.
404. Other signs in external appearance.

SPEECH MANNERISMS
405. Talking to self.
406. Mutism, refusal to talk.
407. Too little talking, taciturnity.
408. Excessive talking, verbosity.
409. Retarded speech.
410. Rapid speech.
411. Inappropriate, incoherent talk. wild talk
412. Other speech disturbances.
499. No mention of symptoms of these types.

OTHER BEHAVIORS AND PHYSICALS MANNERISM MANIFESTATIONS
501. Tense, jumpy, restless, unable to relax.
502. Tremors, trembling, shaking, twitching.
503. Stuporous; trance-like states.
504. Fainting.
505. Wandering, running away;
506. Infantile behavior, regression (ONLY WHEN CLEAR-CUT; SEE ALSO
CODE 8/6).
507. Specific examples of bizarre (completely
uninterpretable)behavior.
508. Criminality, delinquency.
509. Sexual deviations.
510. Drug Addiction. 1996 note. drug abuse
511. (Excessive) drinking; alcoholism.
512. Specific examples of culturally-exceptional behavior, other than
8-X.
599. No mention of symptoms of these types.

IMPAIRMENTS OF HEALTH, PHYSICAL WELL-BEING
601. Loss of appetite, weight.
602. Insomnia.
603. Headaches.
604. Dizziness, nausea.
605. Digestive disturbances, other than 4.
606. Circulatory (cardio-vascular) disturbances and manifestations.
607. Respiratory disturbances.
608. Other specific psychosomatic reactions.

GENERAL
609. (Physical) (chronic) fatigue, exhaustion.
610. (Physical malaise; physical weakness, collapse (SEE ALSO CODES
54/X, 54/Y).
611. (Physical) malfunctioning of nervous system, vague (DOUBLE-CODE
WHEN SO STATED).
612. (Psychosomatic) manifestations in physical illness, general and
unspecified.
699. No mention of symptoms of this type.

DISTORTIONS OF REALITY
701. Hallucinations.
702. Delusions, other than persecution.
703. Delusions of persecution (ONLY WHEN CLEAR-CUT. OTHERWISE CODE
53/4).
704. Distrust, suspicion; paranoid, persecutory trends; ideas of
reference (SEE ALSO CODES 52/0, 54/3, 54/4, 54/6).
705. Hypochondriacal tendencies, preoccupation with own health.
706. Disordered imagination, vague and unspecified.
707. Clouding of reality.
708. (Excessive) fantasizing; withdrawal from, break with reality
(WHEN EXTREME, SEE CODES 53/9, 55/8, 56/3).
709. Inability to accept, face, adjust to reality, life ("Escapism",
Maladjustment")
710. Lack of perspective; impaired judgement (SEE ALSO CODE 55/4).
711. (Conscious) falsification, lying, misrepresentation (SEE ALSO
CODE 55/0).
712. Reality distortions, general and unspecified.
799. No mention of symptoms of this type

DISORDERED SELF-CONCEPT
801. Egocentric, selfish, (excessively) demanding.
802. Self-important, boastful, self-assertive.
803. Self-righteous; self-justifying, obstinate, stubborn,
("projecting blame").
804. Critical, dissatisfied, complaining.
805. Self-accusatory, self-blaming, self-punishing, "masochistic".
806. Self-pitying, martyred; feelings of rejection.
807. Insecure, lack of self-confidence.
808. Submissive, dependent, indecisive.
809. Self-centered talk.
810. Lack of self-insight.
811. Functional impairment (SEE ALSO 52/0, 54/Y)
812. (Complete) inability to function, when not clearly 52/0.
899. No manifestations of this type mentioned.

MOOD DISTURBANCES
901. Outgoing, extroverted, elated.
902. Worried, fearful, anxious. (SEE ALSO CODES 53/4, 53/5 54/7)
903. Nightmares, disturbing dreams.
904. Irritable, excitable, sensitive, easily upset (SEE ALSO 55/5).
905. Hostile, aggressive, difficult to get along with. (SEE ALSO 49/8,
55/4).
906. Unhappy, depressed.
907. Defeated, beaten; surrendering, giving up; (feeling of
inadequacy, self-doubt).
908. Withdrawn (SEE ALSO 55/0, 55/X).
909. Socially ill at ease.
910. Secretive, self-concealing ("undoing", "compensatory").
911. Apathy, indifference, lack of initiative ("disenchantment with
life").
912. emotionally inhibited, repressed, inaccessible.
999. No symptoms mentioned.

DISORDERED THOUGHT, INTELLECT, COGNITION
921. Loss of memory; major disorders of memory (including
disorientation) (WHEN CLEAR-CUT; SEE ALSO CODE 56/3).
922. Intellectual retardation, lack of comprehension (SEE ALSO CODE
56/3).
923. Distracted, absent-minded; forgetful, unable to concentrate.
924. Brooding, preoccupied.
925. Obsessive, compulsive ("fanatic").


1001. Mentions having been "insane," psychotic personally.
1002. Mentions own mental illness in 656C, but can't classify into
1001,1003,1004
1003. Mentions being (having been) neurotic personally
1004. Mentions having had a nervous breakdown personally
(including all such references in Q6)
1005. Mentions own emotional disturbance short of mental illness
(DO NOT CODE IF 1001-1004 can be coded). sometimes I feel I may be mentally
ill myself; I get so mad I'm afraid I'm going crazy; I almost had a nervous
breakdown myself; etc.

REFERENCE TO FAMILY, FRIENDS
1006. Mentions family members, friends having been "insane",
psychotic. my sister is just coming out after two years (i.e., any reference
to institutionalization for mental illness is classified here); a friend of
mine is in the state hospital, etc.
1007. Mentions family members, friends being (having been)
mentally ill in 656C, but can't classify into 1006,1008,1010.
1008. Mentions family members, friends being (having been)
neurotic.
1010. Mentions family members, friends having nervous breakdowns
(including any references in Q6.)
1011. Mentions emotional disturbances of family members, friends
short of mental illness.

DENIAL OF CONTACT, FAMILIARITY
1101. Denies personal contact with the "insane", psychotic. I've
never seen anyone who was insane, so I don't know; I've never known anyone
like that (in context of psychotic symptoms); etc.
1102. Denies personal contact with mentally ill in 656C, but can't
classify in to 1101, 1103, 1104. I ain't seen anyone who was mentally ill;
I've never been around a mentally ill person to any great extent; I've
never seen on (in unclassifiable symptom context); etc
1103. Denies personal contact with the neurotic. I've never run
into anyone who was really psychoneurotic; I've never know anyone like that
(in the context of neurotic symptoms); etc.
1104. Denies personal contact with nervous breakdowns (including
any such denial in Q6). I never say anyone with a nervous breakdown; etc.
1105. Denies personal contact with MI, not classifiable above.

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE CODES
1106. Denies general familiarity with insanity psychosis (DO NOT
CODE IF 1 IS CODED). I don't know much about the subject of insanity; etc.
1107. Denies general familiarity with mental illness in 656C, but
can't classify into 7,9,X (1106,1108,1109)
1108. Denies general familiarity with neurosis (DO NOT CODE IF 3
IS CODED)
1109. Denies general familiarity with nervous breakdowns,
(including any such denial in 656A)
1110. Denies general familiarity with MI, not classifiable above

MISCELLANEOUS VIEWPOINTS
1201. References to sympathy, pity for the mentally-ill. I'm
heart-sick for them; I feel awfully sorry for them; the first thing I would
think of is my sorrow for them; it's a pathetic affliction; etc.
1202. References to stigmatizing, avoiding the mentally ill. I'd
feel sorry for one, but I'd rather not be around someone like that (code 1
also); etc.
1203. Reference to fear, shock, horror, distress over mental
illness; it's worse than other illnesses; it's worse than physical illness;
I hope it never happens to me; etc.
1204. Denial of stigmatizing mental illness. its just another type
of sickness with no special stigma attached to it. I am more broad-minded
than most and don't look at it as a terrible thing; etc.
1205. References to concern for; seriousness, importance of
problem of mental illness; I was going to mention this as most serious
disease for I fell psychoneurosis is more serious, more of an ignored thing
than anything else; its very serious, of course, and there should be as
much done as possible to prevent it as well as to help it; I'm awfully
interested in the subject to see what can be done for people like this;
etc.
1206. References to relativeness of mental health (other than
definitions in terms of deviant behavior or references to mental illness
being of different degrees). who, after all, is completely sane? Everyone
has some sort of neurotic tendencies; a perfectly normal person is very
rare; we all have quirks and there is no definite line between those
mentally ill and not;, etc
1207. References to (relative) undetectability of mental illness.
this illness is almost unnoticeable; its hard to tell that they are
mentally sick; there are cases where you are hardly able to detect that he
was mentally ill, most cases you can't tell that a person is insane, apart
from the criminally insane; until you get to know a person closely any kind
of mental illness is hard to detect except by a medical man trained in that
line; you have to know them pretty well to know their ways; you'd never
suspect it until they crack up unless you have studied in this field to
make you recognize such a person; this illness is almost unnoticeable; etc.
1208. References to relative incurability of mental illness; it
gives me a shock when I hear the term because I found out it is more or
less incurable (code 3 also); I don't think they have a cure for mentally
sick people; mental illness is harder to treat than anything else it means
a long slow process for recovery; usually it means that there is very
little hope of recovery; etc.
1209. References to mental illness, generally, involving an
organic base; it's an illness of the brain; the part of their brain that
helps them plan ahead has been injured or damaged; mental illness is a
sickness, a disease, not something that happens from over-exertion like a
nervous breakdown; etc.
1210. References to mental illness, generally, excluding illnesses
with an organic basis; a whole range of symptomatic behavior where there is
no identifiable organic cause are included in the term; etc.
1211. Use of colloquial terms--"crazy, bonkers, nuts, looney"
1212. Indicates knowledge that it is not socially desirable to
stigmatize mentally ill (I shouldn't feel this way, but...; thank goodness
people are not more accepting of mental illness)
1213. References to other people, or most people, stigmatizing
mentally ill
1214. They need help, they should be helped, etc.
NOTE 19: REASONS THE RESPONDENT WAS ANGRY
Angry at Self:
1. Angry at self because of something he/she did
2. Angry at self -- other (not an action, but a characteristic, trait, or
other negative state)

Angry at Another Person for What They Did to You:
3. Person kept you from doing what you wanted to do
4. Person inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take you into account
(mostly minor), taking you for granted
5. Person critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some direct and
overt action)
6. Person did something inherently bad to you (what is done is innately
wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
7. Person demanded too much of you
8. Person failed to do something they were supposed to do
9. Other
10. Person's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or personal
traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards R, cause
anger (this anger must be directed at particular people, not, for example,
at a broad ethnic or religious group)

Angry at Another Person for What They Did to Someone/Group you
Cared about
13. Person kept other(s) from doing what they wanted to do
14. Person inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take other(s) into
account (mostly minor), taking others for granted
15. Person critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some direct and
overt action)
16. Person did something inherently bad to other(s) (what is done is
innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
17. Person demanded too much of other(s)
18. Person failed to do something they were supposed to do
19. Other
20. Person's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or personal
traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards another
person, cause anger (this anger must be directed at particular people, not,
for example, at a broad ethnic or religious group)

Angry at Events, Circumstances (No particular person did something)
23. Kept you from doing what you wanted to do, directly (goal thwarted)
29. Other (direct affect on R)
32. The state of things, in general (perception of a wrong or negative
state in the world; not an event specifically experienced by R)
39. Other (indirect affect on R)

Angry at an Association or Large Social Organization for What They Did to
You (distinct individuals not to blame)
43. Organization kept you from doing what you wanted to do
44. Organization inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take you into
account (mostly minor), taking you for granted
45. Organization critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some
direct and overt action)
46. Organization did something inherently bad to you (what is done is
innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
47. Organization demanded too much of you
48. Organization failed to do something they were supposed to do
49. Other
50. Organization's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or
traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards R, cause
anger (this anger must be directed at a specifically related organization,
not a broad, general grouping such as 'students' or 'Jews')

Angry at an Association or Large Social Organization for What They Did to
Someone/Group you Cared about (distinct individuals not to blame)
53. Organization kept other(s) from doing what they wanted to do
54. Organization inconsiderate, thoughtless; failing to take other(s) into
account (mostly minor), taking others for granted
55. Organization critical, insulting, or disrespectful (must be some
direct and overt action)
56. Organization did something inherently bad to other(s) (what is done is
innately wrong - lied, cheated, etc.)
57. Organization demanded too much of other(s)
58. Organization failed to do something they were supposed to do
59. Other
60. Organization's ideas, beliefs, mannerisms, choices, or
traits/characteristics, though no overt or specific action towards another
person, cause anger (this anger must be directed at a specifically related
organization, not a broad, general grouping such as 'students' or 'Jews')

Unclassifiable
90. Not enough information to code, not clear enough, not related to above
dimensions
NOTE 20: OTHER SPECIFY FOR RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION
Protestant denominations distributions

Category name Value

Hungarian Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Evangelical Congregational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ind. Bible, Bible, Bible Fellowship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Eckankar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Church of Prophecy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
New Testament Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Church of God, Saint & Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Moravian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Christian & Missionary Alliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Advent Christian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Spiritualist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Assembly of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Free Methodist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Apostolic Faith. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
African Methodist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Free Will Baptist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Eden Evangelist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Holiness (Nazarene). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Baptist (Northern) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Brethren Church, Brethren. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Witness Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Brethren, Plymouth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
United Brethren, United Brethren in Christ . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Independent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Christian Disciples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Christ in Christian Union. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Open Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Christian Catholic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Christ Church Unity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Christ Adelphians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Christian; Central Christian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Christian Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Christian Scientist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Church of Christ, Evangelical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Church of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Churches of God (Except with Christ and Holiness). . . . . . . . 36
Church of God in Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Church of God in Christ Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Church of the Living God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Congregationalist, 1st Congreg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Community Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Covenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Dutch Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Disciples of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Evangelical, Evangelist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Evangelical Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Evangelist Free Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
First Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
First Christian Disciples of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
First Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
First Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Full Gospel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Four Square Gospel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Friends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Holy Roller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Holiness; Church of Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Pilgrim Holiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Jehovah's Witnesses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
LDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
LDS-Mormon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
LDS-Reorganized. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
LDS-Jesus Christ; Church of Jesus LDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Mennonite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Mormon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Nazarene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Pentecostal Assembly of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Pentecostal Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Pentecostal Holiness, Holiness Pentecostal . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Quaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Reformed United Church of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Reformed Church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Religious Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Mind Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Salvation Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
7th Day Adventist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Sanctified, Sanctification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
United Holiness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Unitarian, Universalist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
United Church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
United Church, Unity Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Wesleyan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Wesleyan Methodist-Pilgrim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Zion Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Zion Union Apostolic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Zion Union Apostolic-Reformed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Disciples of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Grace Reformed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Holiness Church of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Evangelical Covenant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Mission Covenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Missionary Baptist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Swedish Mission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Unity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
United Church of Christianity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Other Fundamentalist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Federated Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
American Reform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Grace Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Christ in God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Charismatic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Pentecostal Apostolic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
House of Prayer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Latvian Lutheran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Triumph Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Apostolic Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Christ Cathedral of Truth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Bible Missionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Calvary Bible. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Amish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Evangelical Methodist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Worldwide Church of God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Church Universal and Triumphant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Mennonite Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Church of the First Born . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Missionary Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
The Way Ministry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
United Church of Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Evangelical United Brethren. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
The Church of God of Prophecy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Chapel of Faith. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Polish National Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Faith Gospel Tabernacle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Christian Calvary Chapel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Camelite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Church of Daniel's Band. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Christian Tabernacle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Living Word. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
True Light church of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Macedonia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Brother of Christ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Primitive Baptist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Independent Fundamental Church of America. . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Chinese Gospel Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
New Age Spirituality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
New Song . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Apostolic Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Faith Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
People's Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
New Birth Christian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Unity School of Christianity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Assyrian Evangelical Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Don't know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 998
No Answer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999
Not Applicable (Not Protestant and Protestant
Denomination Given, and Not Married) . . . . . . . . . . .blank
NOTE 21: DOCTOR VIGNETTE FOR DOCGIV
Imagine you' ve been experiencing headaches. You visit your doctor and talk to him about your symptoms. You also tell the doctor that you' ve been feeling a lot of stress lately. After doing a complete examination, the doctor decides that the headaches are probably due to stress. The doctor wants to work with you over the next month to reduce your stress.

You want to have an MRI to make sure everything is OK. An MRI is a special and expensive type of x-ray that allows doctors to take detailed pictures of parts of the body such as the heart, spinal cord, or head. Remember that after your complete examination the doctor thinks you don't need the MRI. Then imagine that you have the
following conversation with the doctor about the MRI and financial incentives. In this dialogue, the patient speaks first.

VIGNETTE 1 - CODE 1
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.
DOC: Our physician' s group does have financial incentives to keep costs down by avoiding tests when they are not necessary. However, no single decision about an MRI affects my salary. In my opinion an MRI is not needed in your case.

VIGNETTE 2 - CODE 2
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.
DOC: It used to be that physicians were able to provide tests for patients just to set their minds at rest. Unfortunately, your health plan won't allow me to do it for that reason. Even though I' d like to order it for you, your plan is not going to pay for it.

VIGNETTE 3 - CODE 3
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.
DOC: I can understand that you're worried about whether everything is OK. It also sounds like you're worried that I'm not ordering the test because it's too expensive. These days with Managed Care lots of people share your worries about this. I want to set your mind at rest because I truly do not think that the test is needed at this point.

VIGNETTE 4 - CODE 4
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.
DOC: I understand that you'd like an MRI to make sure that everything is OK. But based on your symptoms, I really don't think you need one. I'd like to treat you for a month or so and then talk again about whether we need an MRI. Would that be acceptable to you?

VIGNETTE 5 - CODE 5
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.
DOC: I've had a lot of experience taking care of patients with problems like yours. The problem you're having is really quite common. You should follow the treatment I've outlined, and then I can reevaluate the situation again in a month.

VIGNETTE 6 - CODE 6
PAT: I'd feel better if I had an MRI. I'm worried that you won't order it because it's too expensive.
DOC: I usually don't order an MRI under circumstances like yours. There's no outside pressure that has made any difference in how I treat patients with headaches. You may set your mind at rest that I'm doing this because this is how I practice medicine.
NOTE 22: MENTAL HEALTH VIGNETTE
Next I'm going to describe a youth -- named (John/Mary). After I read a description of (him/her) I'll ask you some questions about how you think and feel about (him/her).

ADHD vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.

(John/Mary) is a (white/ black), (male/female), (child who is 8/youth who is 14) years old. (John/Mary) has always had trouble in school, especially in completing assignments on time, even though (he/she) has average intelligence. (John/Mary)'s teachers note that (John/Mary) is very distractible, and that they often have to remind (John/Mary) to get back to the task at hand . (John/Mary) is often up and down, out of (his/her) seat, looking out the window, or talking to classmates. (John/Mary) does similar things at home. (His/Her) parents notice that (he/she) easily forgets what (he/she)'s supposed to be doing, has trouble getting up in the morning and going to bed at night, and loses things like toys and games. (John/Mary) also has difficulty making and keeping friends.

Depression vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR
REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/black), (m ale/female) (child who is 8/youth w ho is 14) years old. In the last few months, (John/Mary) has been increasingly moody, staying in (his/her) room after school, and seems to have lost interest in (his/her) favorite hobbies and in friends. (John/Mary) says that (he/she) always feels very tired even though (he/she) is sleeping more than normal, and doesn't feel like eating. (John/Mary) has been having trouble concentrating on what (he/she) is doing both in school and at home, and has told (his/her ) parents that "I wish I hadn't been born. " One of (John/Mary)'s friends has also heard (him/her) talk about committing suicide.

Normal vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/ black), (male/ female) (child who is 8/ youth who is 14) years old. (John/Mary) has several friends in (his/her) neighborhood that (he/ she) gets together with one or two times per w eek, and is involved in several hobbies, including sports and music. (John/Mary) usually gets along fairly well with other kids, but occasionally has some problems with needing to have (his/her) own way or go first in games. (John/Mary) is of average intelligence and behaves appropriately at school, although (he/ she) tends to be somewhat shy about participating in class. (John/Mary)'s parents note that (he/she) is sometimes moody, but this comes and goes.

Asthma vignette
INTERVIEWER: READ SELECTED VIGNETTE, THEN GIVE CARD FOR VIGNETTE (CHLDVIG) TO R FOR REFERENCE.
(John/Mary) is a (white/black), (male/ female) (child who is 8/youth who is 14) years old. (John/Mary) has a history of breathing problems. (John/Mary) often has bouts of coughing at night, and doesn't sleep very well. (His/ Her) parents and teachers have noticed that these problems seem to be particularly bad during challenging situations, in the spring and fall, and during strenuous sports activities. (John/ Mary) used to enjoy playing soccer but recently gave it up because of these problems. (John/Mary) feels badly about (his/her) breathing problems, which seem to be getting worse, and wishes (he/she) could "be just like other kids." (John/ Mary) is involved in several hobbies, including sports and music, and shares these activities with several friends.

1:John,white,8,adhd
2:John,white,14,adhd
3:Mary,white,8,adhd
4:Mary,white,14,adhd
5:John,black,8,adhd
6:John,black,14,adhd
7:Mary,black,8,adhd
8:Mary,black,14,adhd
9:John,white,8,depression
10:John,white,14,depression
11:Mary,white,8,depression
12:Mary,white,14,depression
13:John,black,8,depression
14:John,black,14,depression
15:Mary,black,8,depression
16:Mary,black,14,depression
17:John,white,8,normal
18:John,white,14,normal
19:Mary,white,8,normal
20:Mary,white,14,normal
21:John,black,8,normal
22:John,black,14,normal
23:Mary,black,8,normal
24:Mary,black,14,normal
25:John,white,8,asthma
26:John,white,14,asthma
27:Mary,white,8,asthma
28:Mary,white,14,asthma
29:John,black,8,asthma
30:John,black,14,asthma
31:Mary,black,8,asthma
32:Mary,black,14,asthma
NOTE 23: RELIGIOUS OR SPIRITUAL CHANGE
Mentions of what led to, caused, or triggered religious/spiritual change

1 Illness/hospitalization of R
2 Illness hospitalization of other close to R
3 Accident of R
4 Accident of other close to R
5 Death of other close to R
6 Large-scale death, war, terrorism
7 Divorce
8 Break-up in relationship
9 Bad relationship with other, being let down by others
12 Other material, financial problems, poverty, job loss
13 Drug/alcohol recovery/rehab
14 Moving away
15 Drug/alcohol recovery/rehab of someone close to R
16 Loss of pet
17 Criminal victim
25 Reform in life needed
28 Other specific problems
29 Unspecified problems (e.g. bad times, troubled, lack of peace in one's life)
30 Religious contact (church, minister, retreat, prayer group, Bible study group, revival)
31 Prayers answered, power of prayers
32 Faith, religious influence of others (not formal church activities, sermons, or organized religious actions See code 30 above)
33 Asked God/Christ/Other for help, guidance, forgiveness
34 Bible reading/study, religious readings on own (not as part of Religious services or organized religion See code 30)
35 Switched religions
37 Negative religious examples of others, experiences
38 Other positive religious influences (includes God helping R without R asking for it)
39 Fasting
40 Met someone (boy/girlfriend, etc.)
41 Married
42 Pregnancy
43 Birth of child, grandchild
44 Having, raising children, being a parent/grandparent (not birth see code 43)
45 Positive example of others (non-religious)
46 Person close to R in military
47 R in military
48 Spent time with family
50 Study (not formal religious)
51 Reading
52 Thinking about life, meaning, purpose, afterlife, etc.
53 Related to schooling, formal education
54 Sought help (not religious, not drug/alcohol)
60 Material gain
61 Volunteering
68 Other specified positive developments
69 Unspecified positive developments
70 Wanted God in life, made decision to trust God (no mention of Church, see code 30)
72 Just my time, had to happen
73 Personal awakening, discovery
74 Matured, got older
94 Can't describe
95 Nothing in particular, no single thing
96 Nothing relevant mentioned
97 No crisis, nothing special or dramatic
98 Don't know, can't remember
99 No answer
NOTE 24: RELIGIOUS OR SPIRITUAL CHANGE
Mentions of occurrence of aspects of the religious/spiritual change itself (not cause or consequences)

1 Vision
2 Dream
3 "Sign"
4 Event in nature (e.g. rainbow, snowstorm, lighting)
5 Contact with dead
10 Frozen, catatonic
11 Left body, floated, falling away of mind/body
12 Near death experience
13 Crying
14 Felt warmth
15 A feeling that went all over, encompassed R
20 God told, talked to R, message from God Directly
21 God talked to R through preacher, not a normal general sermon
22 God talked to R through other (not preacher)
23 God turned on the lights, pieces fell together
24 Healed by God supernaturally
25 Aware of presence of the Holy Spirit, led by the Lord, Holy Spirit came into me, touched by Christ/God
26 Voice from altar
27 Saved
28 Explicit contact with angel
29 Experience that may have involved angel
30 Shook up, shocked
31 Felt burst of life, energized
32 Moving experience
33 Tunnel of light
34 More than words can express, can't really say
35 Supernatural, electrifying experience or connection
36 Glorious transformation
40 Born again
41 Caught the spirit, flipped by spirit
44 Emotional trauma
46 Awkward feeling, uneasy, lack of comfort, distress
48 Life flashed in front of R
49 Felt like someone touched R
52 Miracle
54 Epiphany
55 Prayed over and R fell
56 Other positive experiences, NEC
60 Glorious transformation
96 Nothing relevant mentioned
97 Nothing special happened
98 Don't know, don't remember
99 No answer
NOTE 25: RELIGIOUS OR SPIRITUAL CHANGE
Mentions of the consequences of the religious/spiritual change, what was different about the person's life, attitude, beliefs, etc.

1 More religious, greater faith, closer to Christ, more committed to God
2 Religious view changed (not specified)
3 Belief in miracles
4 Thanked God for life, grateful to God
6 God will take care of R, solve problems, look out for R, will depend on God, God there for R
8 Changed churches/religions, converted
9 Prayed more
10 Bring God to others, being evangelical
11 Released from sin
12 Live life following God's rule, Christian way, walk with the Lord, follow Christ's teachings
13 Baptized
14 Church seen as family
15 Became more aware of power of prayer
18 More spiritual, not more religious
19 Loss of religion, loss of faith
20 Realized limited time, life is short, live every day as last
21 Live life to the fullest, get most out of life
22 Peace (internal)
23 Calmer
24 Better, nicer, kinder, more humble person
25 Helped others, gave to others, selflessness, compassion, empathized
26 Spend more time with people, cared more for others, more caring
27 Got married
28 Closer to spouse
29 Closer to children, dedicated to children, better parent
30 Closer to family (spouse/children not specified)
31 Volunteered more
32 Raised children in faith, religion
33 Specific positive changes
34 Happier, more satisfied with life, feel better
35 Stronger
40 Changed directions, redirected life (not specified)
41 Think about, look at life differently (not specified)
45 Didn't take things for granted, appreciate things more, saw life as more valuable, saw every day as important
46 Re-evaluated what R believed
49 Gave up drinking, drugs
50 A voided nightclubs, bars, wild parties, dancing
51 Better lifestyle, cleaner life (not specific)
52 Settled down, slowed down, more careful
53 More mature
54 Second chance, new chance, chance to start over
55 Gained hope
56 Beloved, gained love
57 Found unconditional, unlimited love
58 Found value of forgiving
59 Think about R's actions, behaviors, sins
60 Life better, better off, enriched life
61 Felt needed
62 More self-confident, felt better about self, more aware of self
63 More aware of self beliefs
70 Life has purpose, meaning, makes sense, existential meaning gained, aware of ultimate truths/reality
71 More alive, aware, engaged; not bored, in rut, passive
72 Treat all the same, treated all mankind equally
73 Be more careful
74 Felt refreshed, renewed
75 More open to new things and new ideas
76 To think more
77 Knew there was a heaven, eternity
78 Made R aware of what R should be doing or should be like
80 Negative changes
82 More in touch with mortality and those who have died
83 Upset with judgmental attitudes
84 More conscious of church, religion; more aware of God
85 More responsible, accepts responsibility
87 Feeling changed
88 Realized that no matter how bad things are, someone else has it worse
89 Moved away from church, religion
90 Everything changed, complete change, dramatic change, new person
92 Realized there was real adversary (like Devil, evil)
94 Some change, unclear if positive/negative, NOT as major as code
95 No change, little change, temporary change, see codes 90, 94
96 Nothing relevant mentioned
98 Can't remember