Mennonite Church Member Profile, 1989

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > Religious Groups > Members or Leaders > Other > Summary


"The objectives of the survey were to obtain a profile of the religious beliefs, attitudes, and practices of members of the participating [Mennonite] denominations...to identify trends in these areas that would provide clues regarding the impact of modernization on Mennonite life and thought....There was also interest in determining whether modernization involved increases in secularism, individualism, and materialism." (Kauffman and Driedger, 1991).

Data File
Cases: 3,083
Variables: 451
Weight Variable: WTFACTOR
The five Mennonite denominations were sampled in differing proportions. Weighting was used to correct for these differing proportions. For details and results, see p. 276 in Kauffman and Driedger's The Mennonite Mosaic.
Data Collection
Date Collected: March to July 1989
Funded By
The project was under the supervision of an Administrative Committee composed of a representative from each of the five participating denominations. A budget of $70,000 was raised from the participating denominations, various church boards and several foundations.
Collection Procedures
A 28-page questionnaire was completed by more than 3,000 members of five Mennonite denominations in the United States and Canada. The questionnaires were administered in a group setting in each of the sample congregations.
Sampling Procedures
All conference-affiliated congregations in the United States and Canada were randomly sampled, with probability of selection proportionate to congregation size (number of members), yielding 181 congregations, of which 153 (85 percent) agreed to participate in the survey. A random selection of members was chosen from each participating congregations to complete the questionnaire.
Principal Investigators
J. Howard Kauffman and Leland Harder
Related Publications
J. Howard Kauffman and Leo Driedger. 1991. The Mennonite Mosaic: Identity and Modernization. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.

Leland D. Harder. 1993. Doors to Lock and Doors to Open: The Discerning People of God. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.

Leo Driedger and Donald B. Kraybill. 1993. Mennonite Peacemaking: From Quietism to Activism. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.
Notes
Variables MENNSCHL (321) through COLLDISC (336) are questions about schools operated by several Mennonite and Brethren in Christ denominations. The terms "church schools," "church colleges," "church high schools," etc. are used to refer only to schools operated by these denominations.


Not included in this data file are scales utilized in the original study. A list of these scales, and the items used to construct them, has been included at the end of this document. In all cases, high scores on the scales represent the high position on the scale concept (e.g., high scores on Anti-Communism represents opposition to communism, high scores on Political Action represent favorableness toward political activity, etc.) When constructing the scales, the response codes for some questionnaire items were reversed so that the high score conformed to the high position on the scale concept.
Note 1: List of scales:
ANABAPT
Anabaptism scale: PERSECUT, NOBAPTIS, WARACTIV, GOVTASKS, LAWSUIT, UNFAITH, NOSWEAR, EVANGISM
ASSOCIA
Associationalism scale: ATTEND, SERVING, LEADRSHP, ATTENDCH, CHPARTIC, SSATTEND
ANTICOMM
Anti-Communism scale: CONTRAS, NOCOMMUN
BIBLTOTL
Bible knowledge scale: GTHSMANE, EXILE, BARTHLMW, ZACCHEUS, RULER, SAMARITN, PENTECST, THECALL
COMMUNL
Communalism scale: OTHERDEN, CHFIT, DENOMFRN, SATISFAC, DENOMFUT, PARDENOM
DEVOTN
Devotionalism scale: BIBLESTD, PRAY2GOD, DEVOTION, RELATGOD, GODWANT, SAYGRACE, GRPWRSHP
ECUMEN
Ecumenism scale: COOPERAT, COOPCOMM, UNITE
EVANG
Evangelism scale: WITNESS, EVANGEL, TOCHRIST
FNDORTH
Fundamentalist Orthodoxy scale: INERRANT, BLFBIBLE, BORNVRGN, 24HRDAY, GOTOHELL
GENORTH
General Orthodoxy scale: BLFGOD, BLFJESUS, BIBMIRAC, RESJESUS, RTRNJESU, SATNACTV, LIFDEATH
MCCSUPP
Mennonite Central Committee Support scale: HAPPYCOM, MDSBYMCC, MCCGOV
MORLATT
Moral Attitudes scale: DRINKING, SMOKING, MARIJUAN, ADMOVIES, PREMARSX, HOMSXACT, MASTRBTN, GAMBLING, DANCING


ALWRONG
Moral Restrictiveness scale: RACEMARR, ADLTDVRC, OTHRDVRC, REMARRY, DRINKING, SMOKING, MARIJUAN, ADMOVIES, TAXEVASN, PREMARSX, EXMARSX, COHABIT, WARSTOCK, HOMSXACT, MASTRBTN, LOTTERY, GAMBLING, DANCING, SWEARING


MORLBEH
Moral Behavior scale: TOBACCO?, ALCOHOL?, SOCDANCE
PACIFSM
Pacifism scale: WARSTOCK, WARACTIV, PEACEPOS, OVERARAB, NOMILTAX, DRAFTPOS
POLACTN
Political Action scale: STUDYISS, POLITACT, ENDORSE, PULPITIS
POLPART
Political Participation scale: VOTE?, OFFICE?, GOVWTNSS, ELECVOTE
RACEREL
Race Relations scale: RACEEQUL, RACESEP, RACESELL, RACESMIX, KEEPOUT
RELLIFE
Religious Life scale: ATTEND, BIBLESTD, PRAY2GOD, DEVOTION, RELATGOD, CHRSLIFE, DIRECTSP, SALVATN, SPIRITLF, SERVING, WITNESS, GODWANT


ROLEWOM
Role of Women scale: WMNSRITS, WMNELECT, WMNORDAN
CHURSTA
Separation of Church and State scale: CHMISSIO, NOGOV$$, CHRCHGOV
SHARDMN
Shared Ministry scale: WNMELECT, WMNORDAN, LAYSHARE, ORDMINIS
STEWATT
Stewardship Attitudes scale: CHBUDGET, ALLTITHE, NOTITHE, TITHEBIB
SSPART
Sunday School Participation scale: SERVING, SSATTEND, SSLESSON
CHURCOL
Support of Church Colleges scale: YESCOLL, GOTOCOLL
WELFATT
Welfare Attitudes scale: NOEFFORT, UNEMPLOY, WELFARE?
ETHNIC
Ethnic Identity scale: MENNWAY, MENNNEWS, MENNETHN, MARRMENN, MYFRIEND, NONMENN, MENNORGS, DATEOTHR, POWERORG, MENNEDUC


PLINDEP
Personal Independence scale: SELFRELY, MAKEDECI, INDEPEND, FREEDOM
INDIVID
Individualism scale: PERSONAL, ADMONISH, FAITHPRI
MATRLSM
Materialism scale: MUCHMONY, FASHION, RETIRE, GETAHEAD, SAVEFUND, NICESTUF
MORLVAL
Moral Values scale: MORALIFE, EASYLIFE, OBEYCHUR, MYVALUE
SELFOTH
Self-Other Orientation scale: PERPEACE, TREATOTH, OTHRGOOD, VOLUNTR, SEESICK
SEPRTSM
Separatism scale: CONFLICT, KINGDOM, NOTWORLD, NOTTENSE, CHRISTGOV
SECLRSM
Secularism scale: NEGEVANG, CRITMESS, SCIENTST, WORLDEND, MORALOGIC, COUBTS, THISLIFE, MIRACLS, BALANCE


WOMLEAD
Women in Church Leadership scale: WNDEACON, WNLEADER, WNYTHMIN, WNORDAIN, WNCOUNCL, WNELDER, WNEDUMIN, WNPREACH, WNSCRPTR, WNWEDDING, WNCOMMUN, WNBAPTIS, WNFUNERL, WNORDINA


MARAGRE
Marital Agreement scale: FAMILY$, RECREATN, RELMATRS, HABITS, AFFECTIO, WIFEWORK, DISCKIDS, HOUSTASK, MARRSEX, NUMKIDS


SPOUSRL
Spousal Relationships scale: MARRPROB, MARRYAGAN, HAPPYMAR
INTIMCY
Spousal Intimacy scale: HABITS, AFFECTIO, MARRSEX
MEMBSHP
Memberships in Organizations scale: SCHLORG, YOUTHORG, HOBBYORG, FARMORG, BSNSORG, VETORG, SERVORG, FRATORG, LABORORG, LITORG, PROFORG, POLITORG, SPORTORG, PHYSORG, SCFRTORG


CSMATIC
Charismatic Identity scale: CHARISMA, SPTONGUE, INTONGUE, PROPHESY, MIRACLES, DEMONS, HEALING, CHARISM


MASSMED
Mass Media Ownership scale: OWNTV, CABLETV, MOVIETV, OWNVCR, DISHTV, VIDEOCAM, COMPUTER
WCAREER
Women's Career Orientation scale: WNPRIORT, WMCAREER, HOUSETSK, FAMRESP
HWROLES
Husband-Wife Roles scale: HUSBRESP, HUSBFRST, WIFEFRST
FEMALEQ
Female Equality scale: LASTNAME, EQLRIGHT, PRONOUNS, FEMALGOD
CHARITY
Stewardship Performance scale: GIVING/NETINCOME