Project Canada 1985

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Single Nation Surveys > Summary


This survey was the third in the Project Canada adult surveys. Begun in 1975, Project Canada has generated extensive information on life in Canada, with specific attention given to social issues, intergroup relations, and religion. The project has taken representative samples of Canadians every five years, creating panel studies through which social change and stability can be monitored.

Data File
Cases: 1,630
Variables: 375
Weight Variable: 375) WT
Data Collection
Date Collected: July - November 1985
Funded By
The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Collection Procedures
The questionnaire was constructed to provide comprehensive data pertaining to three main subject areas being investigated: social issues, intergroup relations and religion. Carried out by mail between approximately July 15 - November 15 of 1985, the survey comprised a sample of 561 people who had participated in 1975 and 1980, and 155 whose involvement had commenced with the 1980 survey. This ongoing core of 716 respondents was supplemented with 914 new participants to form a total sample of 1,630 people. Together with Project Canada 1975 and Project Canada 1980, this survey provides 1975-80-85 trend and panel data. In order to monitor change, many of the items in the 1975 and 1980` versions were included in the questionnaire, with new items added to clarify the earlier findings as well as to update the content more generally.

Follow-up procedures differed somewhat from those used in 1975 and 1980. Approximately two to three weeks after the initial mailing, the pre-paid postcard - functioning as a reminder and asking about the status of the questionnaire - was sent, followed about three weeks later by a second copy of the questionnaire, with "Second Request" stamped on its cover letter.

In early 1986, participants were sent a thank-you postcard, informing them how the results were being disseminated, and welcoming further inquiries.

Number of usable questionnaires received: 1,630
Return rate: 60%
Sampling Procedures
The effort to locate the 1,482 people who had participated in the 1980 survey began in the spring of 1985 and continued through the summer. It appears that 1,063 of the 1980 respondents were located (72%), with 716 (67%) submitting usable questionnaires. In short, 50% of the 1980 sample were part of the new sample. The majority of past participants were contacted in early July.

By late August, the social and demographic characteristics of the sample to date were examined in light of the Canadian population. A supplemental sample of 2,000 cases was then drawn, which, when combined with the 1980 core, would produce a final sample of adequate size and sufficient representativeness to permit high-accuracy generalizations to the Canadian population. As before, Canada was stratified by province and community size (>100,000, 99,999-10,000, <10,000), and the overall sample drawn proportionate to the national population, with 104 communities involved. Participants were randomly selected using telephone directories. As in 1980, it was anticipated that weighting according to provincial and community size, as well as gender would be required, with age weighting required as the ongoing cores would have aged anywhere from five to ten years.

We estimated it was possible for 1,666 of the "new 1985 sample" to return the questionnaire, with 914 (55%) doing so. Because of improved preparation and anticipation of the nature of the new, supplementary sample, the data collection covered four months.

The final national sample comprised 1,630 cases - 561 from 1975, 155 from 1980, and 914 new additions. These responses from 2,729 contacts represent a combined return rate for the ongoing cores and new participants of 60%.

These 1,630 cases have been weighted for provincial and community size, along with gender and age. In order to minimize the use of large weight factors, the sample again was reduced to 1,231 cases.

So weighted, the sample is highly representative of the Canadian population. A representative sample of this size should be accurate within about four percentage points on most items, 19 times in 20 similar surveys.
Principal Investigators
Reginald W. Bibby
Occupation Codes for the variables, SES3, SPSES3, TYPE3 and SPTYPE3
"Occupations have been coded according to the Blishen & McRoberts (1976) socio-economic index scores, as well as the 1980 Statistics Canada classification of occupations. The SES index is determined using both objective and subjective criteria and reflects both the economic return and the prestige which are associated with one's occupation. The higher the score, the higher the occupational rating (Bernard R. Blishen and Hugh A. McRoberts, "A Revised Socioeconomic Index for Occupations in Canada." The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 13:71-79, 1976.)" The detailed Statistics Canada tables for TYPE3 and SPTYPE3 are not reproduced here.
Value Labels for AREANAM3
101 Vancouver
102 Victoria
103 PrGeorge
104 Kamloops
105 Kelowna
106 Chase
107 Salmo
108 FtNelson
109 Golden
110 Hope
199 BCUnknown
201 Edmonton
202 Calgary
203 Lethbridge
204 GrPrairie
205 Delia
206 Morinville
207 SlaveLake
208 LacLBiche
209 Acme
210 Willingdon
299 ABUnknown
301 Regina
302 Saskatoon
303 SwCurrent
304 PrAlbert
305 StarCity
306 Nipawin
307 Rosetown
308 Gravelbg
309 Bengough
399 SKUnknown
401 Winnipeg
402 Thompson
403 Brandon
404 MacGregor
405 FlinFlon
406 Killarney
499 MBUnknown
501 Toronto
502 Ottawa
503 Hamilton
504 St.Caths
505 Kitchener
506 London
507 Oshawa
508 Windsor
509 Kingston
510 Sudbury
511 ThundBay
512 Cornwall
513 Barrie
514 Guelph
515 Timmins
516 Lindsay
517 KirkLake
518 Thamville
519 Meaford
520 PtElgin
521 DeepRiver
522 Tweed
523 Red Rock
525 Newboro
526 Cobourg
599 ONUknown
601 Montreal
602 QueCity
603 Hull
604 Chicout
605 Sherbrooke
606 Trois-Riv
607 Drummond
608 Joliette
609 Victville
610 ThetMines
611 Cownville
612 Champlain
613 Farnham
614 Cap-Sante
615 Val-David
616 KingFalls
617 Tadoussac
618 St-Ulric
699 PQUnknown
701 SaintJohn
702 Fredictn
703 Moncton
704 Edmunston
705 McAdam
706 Nequac
707 Hartland
799 NBUnknown
801 Halifax
802 Sydney
803 Middleton
804 Mulgrave
805 Liverpool
806 Boularde
807 Canson
899 NSUnknown
901 Charlotte
902 Summers
903 Cardigan
904 Kensington
905 Souris
1001 StJohn's
1002 CornBrook
1003 Cupids
1004 Bothwood
1005 StLawrence
1006 Freshwater
1099 NFUnknown