Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Summary


This file of respondents in Kenya is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Kenya were conducted by the research firm, Research Path Associates, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.

Data File
Cases: 1,001
Variables: 134
Weight Variable: GPWGT and PENTWGT
Weight notes: GPWGT is the weight variable for analyzing general public samples in Kenya. PENTWGT is the weight variable for analyzing renewalists in Kenya.
Data Collection
Date Collected: May 17 – May 26, 2006
Funded By
Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation.
Sampling Procedures
Face-to-face interviews were conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International.
Survey firm: Research Path Associates
Sample design: National probability sample, excluding North Eastern Province
Mode: Face-to-face with adults 18+
Languages: English and Kiswahili
Sample size: General public – 655; Pentecostals – 403 (208 from the general public sample and 195 from the oversample of renewalists); Charismatics – 306 (155 from the general public sample and 151 from the oversample of renewalists)
Margin of error: General public 4%, Pentecostals 5%, Charismatics 6%
Principal Investigators
Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life
Related Publications
The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life Report: Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals, October 2007 http://pewforum.org/newassets/surveys/pentecostal/pentecostals-08.pdf

Complete summary information is available at the website:
http://pewforum.org/surveys/pentecostal/

Methodology information is available at the website:
http://www.pewforum.org/Christian/Evangelical-Protestant-Churches/Spirit-and-Power-A-10-Country-Survey-of-Pentecostals(4).aspx
Notes on Analysis and Weighting for All Ten Countries in the Pentecostals Survey
(All text below provided by Pew Forum on Religion and Pubic Life.)

Since this dataset combines results from surveys conducted among the public at large in each country with results from surveys conducted among oversamples of renewalists in each country, users must exercise caution when analyzing the data to ensure that they have selected for the desired sample. To analyze results from the general public samples, users should select for those cases where the variable “sample” is equal to 1. To analyze results for renewalists, users should select for those cases where the variable “renewalist” is greater than 0.

Where necessary, survey results were weighted to match the demographic characteristics of the population in each country. The dataset contains two weight variables, GPWGT and PENTWGT. Analysis that focuses solely on the renewalist respondents should use PENTWGT, which provides a non-zero weight for all renewalist respondents in both the general public and oversamples. Non-renewalist respondents have a weight of zero on PENTWGT.

Analysis that focuses on the general public in each of the countries, irrespective of whether a given respondent is a renewalist or not, should use GPWGT. This weight allows for estimates of the proportion of renewalists in the general public or in subgroups of the general public. The renewalists interviewed as part of the overamples have a weight of zero on GPWGT and thus are excluded from this type of analysis using the general public sample.

There is no weight variable that combines the renewalist oversamples with the full general population samples in each country, nor is there a weight variable that combines the ten countries into a single international sample.