The Religion and State Project, Round 3

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Cross-National > Summary

The Religion and State (RAS) project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. The general goal is to provide detailed codings on several aspects of separation of religion and state for 183 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2014. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more, as well as a sampling of countries with lower populations.

Data File
Cases: 183
Variables: 4,327
Weight Variable: None
Data Collection
Date Collected: 2015-2016
Original Survey (Instrument)
RAS Round 3 Codebook
Funded By
The John Templeton Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, The Sara and Simha Lainer Chair in Democracy and Civility, and The Yehuda Avner Chair of Religion and Politics
Collection Procedures
In general, for each state, the coder would prepare a report on the state based on human rights reports, academic resources, as well as news media sources, primarily taken from the Lexis/Nexis database. Based on this report the coder filled out the codesheet under the supervision of myself. This is in order to assure coder reliability. That is, one of my roles as project director has been to make sure that different coders used the same methodology and criteria when filling out the codesheets. An additional measure to ensure inter-coder reliability is our policy that about one in every four states were recoded by additional coders based on the reports discussed above and compared to the original codings.

It is important to emphasize that the main RAS codings focus on the relationship between religion and the state apparatus. For a variable to be coded, there must either be a law or a consistent government practice. In cases where the two contradict, consistent government practice was coded. These codings also represent the practice of the federal or national governments of states, and not practices by local governments. However, if a majority of local or regional governments engage in a practice it is also coded.
Sampling Procedures
This project coded all countries which have a population of at least 250,000 as well as a sampling of countries with lower populations.
Principal Investigators
Jonathan Fox, Bar Ilan University
Related Publications
For a full listing of related publications, see the Religion and State project
Please cite the following when publishing results that use the dataset:

Jonathan Fox (2015), Political Secularism Religion and the State: A Time Survey Analysis of Worldwide Data, Cambridge University Press.

Jonathan Fox (2011), "Building Composite Measures of Religion and State." Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 7(8):1-39.

Jonathan Fox (2008), A World Survey of Religion and the State, Cambridge University Press.

Jonathan Fox, Religion and State dataset,
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