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Beliefs about the reasons for pain and suffering in the world.

Below are 72 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.

STRNGTHN from Religious Coping in Iran

PURIFY from Religious Coping in Iran

SUFFRNG from Religious Coping in Iran

DOUBTS2 from General Social Survey, 1988

LESSPAIN from General Social Survey, 1998

DOUBTS2 from General Social Survey, 1998

ASUFFER from Life Choices, 1990

REDPNWLD from Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) and Spirituality, Religiosity Survey

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adolescent Component

SUFERIMP from Catholics in Indiana: A Social and Religious Profile, 1994

SUFERTST from Catholics in Indiana: A Social and Religious Profile, 1994

DBTSUFFR from Endtime Family (Children of God), 1997

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adolescent Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adolescent Component

YBELCARE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Youth Component

PAINSUFF from A Study of the North American Hispanic Adventist Church - Youth Survey

QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975

PAINSUFF from A Study of the North American Hispanic Adventist Church - Adult Survey, 1994

SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975

SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975

SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975

QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-80 Panel Study

SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975

SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-85 Panel Study

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Pastors Component

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Pastors Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Pastors Component

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Leadership

FBELCARE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Father Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Leadership

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Teachers Component

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Teachers Component

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Coordinators Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Teachers Component

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Core Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Core Component

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Core Component

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Coordinators Component

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Leadership

INFPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adult Component

WHYPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adult Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adult Component

PERSRSP from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Adult Component

STOPPAIN from Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, 1991 - Coordinators Component

SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980-95 Panel Study

MBELCARE from Young Adolescents and Their Parents: A National Study, 1984 - Mother Component

SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

SUFGREED from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-95 Panel Study

SUFSELF from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

SUFOBEY from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

QSUFFER from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

SUFFACT from Project Canada 1975-90 Panel Study

QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980

OFTSFRNG from Presbyterian Panel Survey, February 1997 - Spirituality and Health, Clergy

OFTSFRNG from Presbyterian Panel Survey, February 1997 - Spirituality and Health, Elders

OFTSFRNG from Presbyterian Panel Survey, February 1997 - Spirituality and Health, Members

QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980-85 Panel Study

QSUFFER2 from Project Canada 1980-90 Panel Study

GODSPLAN from Middletown Area Study, 1986



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