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Pain and Suffering

Beliefs about the reasons for pain and suffering in the world.


Below are 72 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • DOUBTS2 from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith -- often, sometimes, or never. Personal suffering (DOUBTS2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DOUBTS2 from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith -- often, sometimes, or never. Personal suffering (DOUBTS2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LESSPAIN from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Agree or disagree: I feel a deep sense of responsibility for reducing pain and suffering in the world. (LESSPAIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ASUFFER from Life Choices, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Now I want you to consider a series of opinions on a variety of issues. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with each statement. N. I believe that suffering and hardship is a necessary part of life and can actually enrich my life. (ASUFFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GODSPLAN from Middletown Area Study, 1986LEARN MORE
    • I believe that everything that happens to me, including my suffering, is part of Gods plan for me. Do you: (GODSPLAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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