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Attitudes about affirmative action programs

Below are 10 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

AFFIRM S from American National Election Studies, 2000

IF R SELECTED FOR STANDARD VERSION: Some people think that if a company has a history of discriminating against blacks when making hiring decisions, then they should be required to have an affirmative action program that gives blacks preference in hiring. What do you think? Should companies that have discriminated against blacks have to have an affirmative action program? (AFFIRM S)
TOTAL%
0) NA; INAP92751.3
1) YES, THEY SHOULD HAVE TO HAVE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION43123.9
5) NO, THEY SHOULD NOT HAVE TO HAVE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION33818.7
7) OTHER (SPECIFY)593.3
8) DONT KNOW422.3
9) REFUSED100.6
TOTAL1807100.0


PREFSBAD from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

Agree/Disagree: Affirmative action policies give unfair advantages to minorities and women. (96, 98, 01, 06) (PREFSBAD)
TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK2699.9
0) Disagree1,23245.3
1) Agree1,21644.8
TOTAL2717100.0


FAIRJOBS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

Should the federal government see to it that minorities get fair treatment in jobs, or should such matters be left to the states and local communities? (86) (FAIRJOBS)
TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK436.9
1) Federal government26242.3
2) States and localities31450.7
TOTAL619100.0


AFFACTOK from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010

For/Against: What about enforcing affirmative action laws in hiring minorities and women? (87) (AFFACTOK)
TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK264.0
0) Against16325.3
1) For45670.7
TOTAL645100.0


P17AFFRM from State of Disunion Survey, 1996

Im going to read you some proposals that are now being discussed nationally. As I read each one, please select the number that best expresses how much you favor or oppose it. If you dont really care about the issue, please say so. Q. Ending affirmative action programs for women and minorities (P17AFFRM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose32116.9
2) 223312.2
3) 320110.6
4) Neutral44723.5
5) 524012.6
6) 619310.1
7) Strongly favor26914.1
TOTAL1904100.0


AFFACT from December 2006 Values Update Survey

As I read some programs and proposals that are being discussed in the country today, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose each. Affirmative action programs designed to help blacks, women, and other minorities get better jobs and education. (AFFACT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1,13127.6
2) Favor1,73142.2
3) Oppose70117.1
4) Strongly oppose3398.3
9) Dont know/Refused1974.8
TOTAL4,099100.0


STC_AFFR from Carnegie Council National Surveys of Higher Education, Graduate Student Sample (1975)

Please indicate the extent of your agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements. (Mark one circle for each item.) - Affirmative action labels members of minority groups and women in such a way that they never can be judged on merit alone. (STC_AFFR)
TOTAL%
0) Refused1,7878.2
1) Strongly agree3,32515.2
2) Agree with reservations9,02941.3
3) Disagree with reservations6,10928.0
4) Strongly disagree1,6017.3
TOTAL21851100.0


AFIRMMRT from Carnegie Foundation National Survey of Higher Education, Faculty Sample (1975)

Please indicate the extent of your agreement or disagreement with each of the following statements -- Affirmative action labels members of minority groups in such a way that they can never be judged on merit alone. (AFIRMMRT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree3,41314.2
2) Agree with reservations10,06541.9
3) Disagree with reservations7,58331.5
4) Strongly disagree2,97412.4
Missing964 
TOTAL24,035100.0


AFFIRM from Middletown Area Study, 1995

To what extent are you for or against affirmative action programs that give preference to women and minorities in obtaining jobs and promotions? Are you: (AFFIRM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly for these programs5513.3
2) Moderately for12630.5
3) Are you neutral7618.4
4) Moderately against8821.3
5) Strongly against5212.6
6) Dont know163.9
TOTAL413100.0


PRGRMS3 from July 2003 Values Update Survey

Id like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. : Affirmative action programs designed to help blacks, women and other minorities get better jobs and education? (PRGRMS3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor2,14321.8
2) Favor4,14342.2
3) Oppose2,14521.8
4) Strongly oppose9369.5
9) Dont know4564.6
TOTAL9,823100.0




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