Measurement Wizard


Racial Composition, Attitudes about

Concerns, opinions about the racial composition of one's current neighborhood or ideal racial composition of a neighborhood


Below are 135 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Now, Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were black? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEWHTS from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • Now Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were whites? (LIVEWHTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEWHTS from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Now Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? -- Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were whites. (LIVEWHTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • Before 1978 Asked Non-Blacks only, 1978 & later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/ Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • VCF0819 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004LEARN MORE
    • Some people say that Negroes should be allowed to live in any part of town they want to. How do you feel? Should Negroes be allowed to live in any part of town they want to, or not? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings) (VCF0819) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEWHTS from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • Now Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? -- Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Whites. (LIVEWHTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • <1978 Asked Non-Blacks only, 1978 & later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/ Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACQNHASN from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How many of the people you are acquainted with through your neighborhood are Asian or Asian-American? (ACQNHASN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACQNHBLK from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How many of the people you are acquainted with through your neighborhood are Black or African-American? (ACQNHBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACQNHHSP from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How many of the people you are acquainted with through your neighborhood are Hispanic? (ACQNHHSP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ACQNHWHT from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How many of the people you are acquainted with through your neighborhood are white? (ACQNHWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Now Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEWHTS from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Now Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were whites? (LIVEWHTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • Before 1978 asked of non-Blacks only, 1978 and later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/ Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BKHISPS1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO, BLACK, OR HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): Imagine that you are looking for a new house, and you find one that you like much more than any other house. It has everything that youve been looking for, its close to work, and within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that the schools are of high quality, the crime rate is low, and the neighborhood is [six randomized versions, depending on Rs ethnicity (see below)]. How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this house? Do you think that youd be very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to buy the house? IF R IS BLACK (ETHGROUP): The neighborhood is 10% Hispanic and 90% black. (04) (BKHISPS1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BKHISPS3 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO, BLACK, OR HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): Imagine that you are looking for a new house, and you find one that you like much more than any other house. It has everything that youve been looking for, its close to work, and within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that the schools are of high quality, the crime rate is low, and the neighborhood is [six randomized versions, depending on Rs ethnicity (see below)]. How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this house? Do you think that youd be very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to buy the house? IF R IS BLACK (ETHGROUP): The neighborhood is 30% Hispanic and 70% black. (BKHISPS3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BKHISPS6 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO, BLACK, OR HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): Imagine that you are looking for a new house, and you find one that you like much more than any other house. It has everything that youve been looking for, its close to work, and within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that the schools are of high quality, the crime rate is low, and the neighborhood is [six randomized versions, depending on Rs ethnicity (see below)]. How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this house? Do you think that youd be very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to buy the house? IF R IS BLACK (ETHGROUP): The neighborhood is 60% Hispanic and 40% black. (04) (BKHISPS6) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HSBLKS1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO, BLACK, OR HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): Imagine that you are looking for a new house, and you find one that you like much more than any other house. It has everything that youve been looking for, its close to work, and within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that the schools are of high quality, the crime rate is low, and the neighborhood is [six randomized versions, depending on Rs ethnicity (see below)]. How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this house? Do you think that youd be very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to buy the house? IF R IS HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): The neighborhood is 10% Black and 90% Hispanic (04) (HSBLKS1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HSBLKS3 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO, BLACK, OR HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): Imagine that you are looking for a new house, and you find one that you like much more than any other house. It has everything that youve been looking for, its close to work, and within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that the schools are of high quality, the crime rate is low, and the neighborhood is [six randomized versions, depending on Rs ethnicity (see below)]. How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this house? Do you think that youd be very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to buy the house? IF R IS HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): The neighborhood is 30% Black and 70% Hispanic (04) (HSBLKS3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HSBLKS6 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO, BLACK, OR HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): Imagine that you are looking for a new house, and you find one that you like much more than any other house. It has everything that youve been looking for, its close to work, and within your price range. Checking on the neighborhood, you find that the schools are of high quality, the crime rate is low, and the neighborhood is [six randomized versions, depending on Rs ethnicity (see below)]. How likely or unlikely do you think it is that you would buy this house? Do you think that youd be very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to buy the house? IF R IS HISPANIC (ETHGROUP): The neighborhood is 60% Black and 40% Hispanic (04) (HSBLKS6) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OWNAREA1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Is the neighborhood you live in all white, mostly white, mixed half and half, mostly black, or all black? (91) (OWNAREA1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OWNAREA2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • Is the neighborhood you live in all [Rs ethnicity], mostly [Rs ethnicity], half [Rs ethnicity], or mostly non-[Rs ethnicity]? (97, 99, 02, 04) (OWNAREA2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OWNPREF from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • IF R IS ANGLO OR BLACK (ETHGROUP): Would you personally prefer to live in a neighborhood that is all white, mostly white, mixed half and half, mostly black, or all black? (86, 91, 98, 01, 05) (OWNPREF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEASNS from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Asian Americans? (LIVEASNS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEHSPS from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Hispanic Americans? (LIVEHSPS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEWHTS from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Now Im going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very much opposed to it happening? -- Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were whites. (LIVEWHTS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • <1978 Asked Non-Blacks only, 1978 & later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/ Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEASNS from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Asian Americans? (LIVEASNS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEHSPS from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were Hispanic Americans? (LIVEHSPS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVENO from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were whites raised in the North? (Only asked of respondents in the South Atlantic, South East Central, and South West Central regions) (LIVENO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVESO from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were raised in the South? (Only asked of respondents in regions other than the South Atlantic, South East Central, and South West Central regions) (LIVESO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • Before 1978 asked non-Blacks only, 1978 and later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/Blacks/African Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • White people have a right to keep (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Before 1978 asked non-Blacks only, 1978 and later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/Blacks/African Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • White people have a right to keep (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/ Black/ African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • <1978 Asked Non-Blacks only, 1978 & later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/ Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1988LEARN MORE
    • White people have a right to keep (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/ Black/ African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • Which statement on the card comes closest to how you, yourself, feel? White people have a right to keep (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • LIVEBLKS from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Would you favor living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were blacks? (LIVEBLKS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • Before 1978 Asked non-blacks only, 1978 & later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/ Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1976LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF NON-BLACKS: If yes to RACLIVE: Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1976LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF NON-BLACKS: Which statement comes closest to how you, yourself, feel: White people have a right to keep (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACCLOS from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: If there are any [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] families living in this neighborhood now, are there any [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] families living close to you? (RACCLOS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACDIS from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: If there are any [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] families living in this neighborhood now, how many blocks (or miles) away do they--[the (Negro/Black/African-American)/white] families who live closest to you--live? (RACDIS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: If there are any [(Negro/Black/African-American)/White] families living in this neighborhood now: Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: Are there any [(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • Which statement comes closest to how you, yourself, feel: White people have a right to keep (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1978LEARN MORE
    • If yes to RACLIVE: Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HOMEOWN1 from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • A white homeowner decides to move out of the neighborhood, because she has noticed several racial minorities moving into the neighborhood. Even though she does get along with non-whites, she is afraid that the value of her home will decrease. Is her decision to move prejudice? (HOMEOWN1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • HOMEOWN2 from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • A white homeowner decides to move out of the neighborhood, because she has noticed several racial minorities moving into the neighborhood. Even though she does get along with non-whites, she is afraid that the value of her home will decrease. Is her decision to move racist? (HOMEOWN2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PREFER from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • Given a house that you very much like, would you prefer this house to be in a neighborhood that is (a) 25% [respondents race] and 75% [rotate Asian, black, Hispanic, white (not respondents own race)] or (b) one that is 25% each [respondents race] [each of the three racial groups respondent is not]? (PREFER) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACESEG from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • White people have a right to keep (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACESEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1994LEARN MORE
    • Before 1978 asked non-Blacks only, 1978 & later all asked about opposite race: Are there any [(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACINTEG from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • Do you think this neighborhood will become all (Negro/Black/African-American) in the next few years, or will it remain integrated? (RACINTEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACLIVE from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • (Asked about opposite race) Are there any [(Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans)/Whites] living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACSEG from General Social Survey, 1993LEARN MORE
    • White people have a right to keep (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) out of their neighborhoods if they want to, and (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) should respect that right. (RACSEG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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