Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Respondent's belief in the existence of the Devil or Satan.

Below are 40 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Q26B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q26G from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

POSSESS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

DEMONS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

DEVIL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Q51F from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

DEMONS from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

RA_8 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

DEVIL from General Social Survey, 1991

Q39B from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

F_QN4A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

ANGELS from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

DEVLREAL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

DEVIL from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

DVLEXIST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

SATAN from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

SATDOUBT from Middletown Area Study (Autumn), 1981

DEVIL from Four-State Church Involvement Study, 1988

DEVLREAL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

TEMPTED from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1988

RELGC4 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1986

RELGC4 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

RELGC18 from Dimensions of Religious Commitment, 1987

BLFPOSSD from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998



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