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Does the respondent believe that Heaven exists?

Below are 34 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey.

HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28247.0
2) No27746.2
8) Dont know406.7
9) Refused10.2
TOTAL600100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes64699.4
2) No30.5
8) Dont know10.2
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL650100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46163.5
2) No25234.7
8) Dont know131.8
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL726100.0


Q26C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist c. Heaven (Q26C)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely1,07764.3
2) Probably30017.9
3) Probably not18010.7
4) Absolutely not1187.0
TOTAL1675100.0


HEAVEN from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

Do you believe in heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable2,19461.6
1) Yes, definitely85324.0
2) Yes, probably2767.8
3) No, probably not1173.3
4) No definitely not802.2
8) Dont know330.9
9) No answer60.2
TOTAL3559100.0


HEAVEN from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q23b. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? Heaven (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely not1338.3
2) Probably not1599.9
3) Probably31519.6
4) Absolutely1,00262.3
Missing40 
TOTAL1,609100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes9,67187.7
2) No1,17910.7
8) Dont know1651.5
9) Refused130.1
TOTAL11028100.0


SOUL2 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO THINK THEIR SOUL WILL LIVE ON AFTER DEATH: Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (SOUL2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes (Believe in heaven)2,95887.8
2) No (Dont believe in heaven)2868.5
3) Dont know/Refused (Dont know if believe in heaven)1263.7
Missing809 
TOTAL3,370100.0


Q51A from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

Q51A [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In Heaven, where people how have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q51A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22,93491.6
2) No1,4575.8
8) Dont know5842.3
9) Refused560.2
TOTAL25,031100.0


HEAVEN from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

(heaven_w2) I:9. Do you believe in heaven as a place where some people go after death, or not? [INTERVIEWER: IF R SAYS MAYBE, PROBE ONCE. IF HE/SHE STILL SAYS MAYBE, CODE YES.] (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
0) No37114.2
1) Yes2,17983.7
666) Invalid skip170.7
777) Dont know361.4
888) Refused10.0
TOTAL2604100.0


HEAVEN from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

(heaven_w3) I:9. Do you believe in heaven as a place where some people go after death, or not? [INTERVIEWER: IF R SAYS MAYBE, PROBE ONCE. IF HE/SHE STILL SAYS MAYBE, CODE YES.] (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
0) No42316.7
1) Yes2,07882.1
777) Dont know220.9
888) Refused40.2
999) Legitimate skip50.2
TOTAL2532100.0


Q34A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

IF BUDDHIST (Q.16=7), ASK: Do you believe in nirvana, the ultimate state transcending pain and desire in which individual consciousness ends? (Q34A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25862.8
2) No8119.7
3) Other (Vol.)71.7
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)6515.8
TOTAL411100.0


RA_11 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

I believe in Heaven where people live with God forever. (RA_11)
TOTAL%
-7) Refused20.1
-4) Dont know90.3
1) Strongly agree1,67164.1
2) Somewhat agree38914.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree31812.2
4) Somewhat disagree702.7
5) Strongly disagree1465.6
Missing3 
TOTAL2,605100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes55979.9
2) No12918.4
8) Dont know121.7
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL700100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes48280.3
2) No9515.8
8) Dont know172.8
9) Refused61.0
TOTAL600100.0


Q35 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q35)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25,77572.5
2) No6,27517.6
3) Other (Vol.)1,2643.6
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)2,2426.3
TOTAL35556100.0


HEAVEN from General Social Survey, 1991

Do you believe in. . . Heaven (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely77657.1
2) Yes, probably27520.2
3) No, probably not1158.5
4) No, definitely not634.6
8) Cant choose685.0
9) No answer624.6
TOTAL1359100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62885.0
2) No9012.2
8) Dont know192.6
9) Refused20.3
TOTAL739100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69386.6
2) No759.4
8) Dont know324.0
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL800100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93693.6
2) No575.7
8) Dont know70.7
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL1,000100.0


Q35 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

Do you think there is a heaven, where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? (Q35)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24661.3
2) No10726.7
3) Other (Vol.)184.5
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)307.5
TOTAL401100.0


Q34A from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

IF BUDDHIST (Q.16=7), ASK: Do you believe in nirvana, the ultimate state transcending pain and desire in which individual consciousness ends? (Q34A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes866.7
2) No216.7
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.)216.7
TOTAL12100.0


HEAVEN from General Social Survey, 1998

Do you believe in... Heaven (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely77060.0
2) Yes, probably22317.4
3) No probably not907.0
4) No definitely not755.8
8) Cant choose715.5
9) No answer554.3
TOTAL1284100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes92792.2
2) No636.3
8) Dont know131.3
9) Refused20.2
TOTAL1,005100.0


HEAVEN from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes62795.9
2) No243.7
8) Dont know30.5
9) Refused00.0
TOTAL654100.0


BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE60980.9
2) DONT BELIEVE14419.1
TOTAL753100.0


BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE24166.9
2) DONT BELIEVE11933.1
TOTAL360100.0


HEAVEN from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1988

Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The religious idea of heaven is not much more than superstition. (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree3233.3
2) Disagree2526.0
3) Undecided2526.0
4) Agree77.3
5) Strongly Agree77.3
TOTAL96100.0


AFTRDETH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

What do you feel will probably happen to you after death? -- (I feel that I will do one of the following): (AFTRDETH)
TOTAL%
1) Go to purgatory45216.3
2) Go to hell351.3
3) Simply stop existing44916.1
4) Go to heaven1,73462.4
5) Dont know943.4
6) Reincarnation100.4
7) Other70.3
TOTAL2781100.0


AFTERLIF from Spirituality and the Elderly: Survey of Staff and Residents From Long-Term Care Facilities, 1998

Do you believe in an afterlife? (AFTERLIF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely39568.2
2) Sometimes11720.2
3) No6711.6
TOTAL579100.0


HEAVEN from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1986

Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement - The religious idea of heaven is not much more than superstition. (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree3839.6
2) Disagree3132.3
3) Undecided1616.7
4) Agree66.3
5) Strongly Agree55.2
TOTAL96100.0


HEAVEN from Middletown Area Study, 1998

ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO NEVER ATTEND CHURCH: Do you believe in heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes10576.6
2) No2115.3
3) Are not sure118.0
TOTAL137100.0


HEAVEN from Religious Fundamentalism Scale, 1987

Please indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with the following statement: The religious idea of heaven is not much more than superstition. (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree2527.8
2) Disagree3033.3
3) Undecided2224.4
4) Agree66.7
5) Strongly Agree77.8
TOTAL90100.0


BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998

Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell? (BLFHELL)
TOTAL%
1) Believe79572.1
2) Dont Believe30827.9
Missing151 
TOTAL1,103100.0




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