Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs >


Does the respondent believe that Hell is a real place?

Below are 26 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India

Q26D from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005

HELL from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

HELL from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals

HELL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

Q51B from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile

RA_12 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006

Q36 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

SOUL3 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

Q36 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines

HELL from General Social Survey, 1991

HELL from General Social Survey, 1998

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala

BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

AFTRDETH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

HELL from Middletown Area Study, 1998

BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998



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