...the latest findings, best methods and newest ideas in the scientific study of religion.


Measures one's view about the origin of humans

Below are 39 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 6 types:

[ Darwinian Theory | God Created? | God Directed Evolution? | God versus Evolution | Life Evolved? | Scientific Attitudes ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Darwinian Theory
 

This question type specifically references Darwin, asking respondents their level of agreement with Darwin's theory of evolution, often with categories relating to the theory's level of "truth."

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DARWIN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

EVOLUTN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

DARWIN from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

EVOLVE from Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey, 1986


Category 2:God Created?
 

This question type asks the respondent if God created life on earth.

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GODCREAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

POWCREAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

GODEARTH from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

POWLIFE from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006


Category 3:God Directed Evolution?
 

This question type specifically asks the respondent if God used or directed the process of evolution.

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GODUSEEV from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

GODUSEEV from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

GODEVOL from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996


Category 4:God versus Evolution
 

This question type asks respondents to choose between a Biblical account of creation and evolution, sometimes with the option to choose "both."

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CREATION from General Social Survey, 2004

DEVHUMAN from National Survey of High School Biology Teachers

WRLDORIG from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 2 (2005)

WRLDORIG from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)

HUMANS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

NATSUP from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998

ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1997

ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998

ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1997

ORIGIN from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998


Category 5:Life Evolved?
 

This question type asks respondents if humans have evolved over time or evolved from other animals.

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EVOLVED from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined

HUMNEVOL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

SCITESTY from General Social Survey, 2004

EVOLVED from General Social Survey, 2006

SCITEST4 from General Social Survey, 2000

HUMEVOLV from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

HUMEXIST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

Q10C from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset

Q10C from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset

QN34AA from U.S. Religious Knowledge Study, 2010

EVOFORM from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006

SCITEST4 from General Social Survey, 1994

EVOLVE from Winthrop University Student Religion Survey, 1996

SCITEST4 from General Social Survey, 1993

EVOLVE from Tulsa Oklahoma Area Science and Technology Survey, 1981


Category 6:Scientific Attitudes
 

This question type asks the respondents how scientists feel about the theory of evolution.

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SCIEVOLV from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

EVOSCI from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2006