Single-Item Measures


Human Origins (e.g., God or Evolution), Beliefs about

Subcategories    [ Details ]
Date Range:
Geographic Scope
Survey Frame
Sample Type
Survey Mode
Survey Questions
Do you tend to agree or disagree with Darwins theory of evolution, which maintains that human beings evolved from lower forms of animal life over many millions of years? (DARWIN)
  TOTAL %
1) The theory is almost certainly true 41 4.4
2) The theory is probably true 127 13.5
3) The theory is probably false 148 15.7
4) The theory could not possibly be true 541 57.5
5) I dont really know or I havent thought much about this before 84 8.9
TOTAL941100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Regional samples of Mormons in Salt Lake City, UT and San Francisco, CA
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Do you tend to agree or disagree with Darwins Theory of Evolution, which maintains that human beings evolved from lower forms of animal life over many millions of years? (EVOLUTN)
  TOTAL %
1) The theory is almost certainly true. 445 16.4
2) The theory is probably true. 743 27.4
3) The theory is probably false. 432 15.9
4) The theory could not possibly be true. 841 31
5) I have never really thought about this before. 248 9.2
TOTAL2,709100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Do you tend to agree or disagree with Darwins theory of evolution, which maintains that human beings evolved from lower forms of animal life over many millions of years? (DARWIN)
  TOTAL %
1) The theory is almost certainly true 46 15.7
2) The theory is probably true 61 20.8
3) The theory is probably false 54 18.4
4) The theory could not possibly be true 108 36.9
5) I dont really know or I havent thought much about this before 24 8.2
TOTAL293100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


ID LIKE TO READ YOU A STATEMENT THAT PEOPLE HAVE MADE ABOUT LIFE TODAY. AS I READ IT, PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER YOU STRONGLY AGREE WITH IT, AGREE, DISAGREE, OR STRONGLY DISAGREE WITH IT. -- Darwins theory of evolution gives an accurate picture of how life came to be. (EVOLVE)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 22 7.3
2) Agree 102 34
3) Disagree 84 28
4) Strongly disagree 59 19.7
8) Uncertain 29 9.7
9) No answer 4 1.3
TOTAL300100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that God was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Asked only if BELGOD = 1 you believe in God.] (GODCREAT)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, believe God was responsible 3,419 91.6
2) No, dont believe this 201 5.4
9) Dont know/Refused 112 3
TOTAL3,732100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that a universal spirit or higher power was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Asked only if BELGOD = 2.] (POWCREAT)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, believe universal spirit/higher power was responsible 227 47.9
2) No, dont believe this 194 40.9
9) Dont know/Refused 53 11.2
TOTAL474100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that God was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Answered if BELGOD = 1.] (GODEARTH)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, believe God was responsible 724 91.2
2) No, dont believe this 48 6
9) Dont know/Refused 22 2.8
TOTAL794100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that a universal spirit or higher power was responsible for the creation of life on earth, or dont you believe this? [Answered if BELGOD = 2.] (POWLIFE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, believe universal spirit/higher power was responsible 56 49.1
2) No, dont believe this 48 42.1
9) Dont know/Refused 10 8.8
TOTAL114100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(goduseevoltn_w2) [IF BELIEVES THAT GOD CREATED THE WORLD] [IF I:7=1] I:8. Do you believe it is possible that God may have used evolution to create the world over a long period of time, or not? (GODUSEEV)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes, God may have used evolution 1,006 53.2
666) Invalid skip 17 0.9
777) Dont know 54 2.9
888) Refused 4 0.2
999) Not asked 810 42.8
TOTAL1,891100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(goduseevoltn_w3) [IF BELIEVES THAT GOD CREATED THE WORLD OR BOTH] I:8 Do you believe it is possible that God may have used evolution to create the world over a long period of time, or not? (GODUSEEV)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, God may have used evolution 1,041 41.1
2) No 625 24.7
777) Dont know 55 2.2
888) Refused 12 0.5
999) Legitimate skip 799 31.6
TOTAL2,532100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


ASKED ONLY OF RESPONDENTS THAT BELIEVE HUMAN BEINGS EVOLVED FROM EARLIER SPECIES OF ANIMALS: In your opinion, did God direct human evolution? (GODEVOL)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely yes 25 27.2
2) Probably yes 31 33.7
3) Unsure 13 14.1
4) Probably not 11 12
5) Definitely not 12 13
TOTAL92100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: The target population for this survey was students at Winthrop University, a state university in South Carolina.
Frame: Other
Sample: Unknown
Mode: Other


Now, regardless of what you do in the classroom, we would like to ask about your own personal views. Which of the following statements comes closest to your views on the origin and development of human beings? (DEVHUMAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process. 438 51.5
2) Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God had no part in this process 284 33.4
3) God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years or so 129 15.2
TOTAL851100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


After I read off three statements, please tell me which one comes closest to your views about the origin and development of man. 1) God created man pretty much in his present form at one time within the last 10,000 years. 2) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life. God had no part in this process. 3) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process, including mans creation. (CREATION)
  TOTAL %
1) God created man pretty much in his present form at one time within the last 10,000 years 608 41.3
2) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life. God had no part in this process 170 11.5
3) Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process, including mans creation 598 40.6
4) Other/dont know 52 3.5
8) Cant choose 26 1.8
9) No answer 18 1.2
TOTAL1,472100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


(wrldorigin_w2) I:7. Which of the following comes closest to your beliefs about the origins of the world? Do you believe: (WRLDORIG)
  TOTAL %
1) God created the world 1,777 68.2
2) The world is the product of purely natural forces, like the Big Bang or evolution 675 25.9
3) Both (Do not volunteer, only accept if offered by R) 47 1.8
4) None of these views 18 0.7
666) Invalid skip 17 0.7
777) Dont know 65 2.5
888) Refused 5 0.2
TOTAL2,604100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(wrldorigin_w3) I:7. Which of the following comes closest to your beliefs about the origins of the world? Do you believe: (WRLDORIG)
  TOTAL %
1) God created the world 1,654 65.3
2) The world is the product of purely natural forces, like the Big Bang or evolution 718 28.4
3) Both [DO NOT VOLUNTEER, ONLY ACCEPT IF OFFERED BY R] 79 3.1
4) None of these views 15 0.6
777) Dont know 49 1.9
888) Refused 12 0.5
999) Legitimate skip 5 0.2
TOTAL2,532100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


And do you think that humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection, or that a supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today? [Asked only if HUMEVOLV = 1 evolved over time or if HUMEXIST = 2 evolved over time.] (HUMANS)
  TOTAL %
1) Humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection. 1,133 53.7
2) A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today. 798 37.9
9) Dont know/Refused 177 8.4
TOTAL2,108100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


And do you think that: humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection, or a supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today [Answered if EVOFORM = 1.] (NATSUP)
  TOTAL %
1) Humans and other living things have evolved due to natural processes such as natural selection. 528 51.8
2) A supreme being guided the evolution of living things for the purpose of creating humans and other life in the form it exists today. 420 41.2
9) Dont know/Refused 72 7.1
TOTAL1,020100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
  TOTAL %
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT 566 71.7
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION 145 18.4
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED IT AND THEN IT EVOLVED 60 7.6
4) NEITHER 18 2.3
TOTAL789100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
  TOTAL %
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT 209 61.5
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION 107 31.5
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED LIFE AND THEN IT EVOLVED 24 7.1
TOTAL340100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
  TOTAL %
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT 209 54.9
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION 131 34.4
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED IT AND THEN IT EVOLVED 27 7.1
4) NEITHER 14 3.7
TOTAL381100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
  TOTAL %
1) BIBLICAL ACCOUNT 639 75.2
2) DARWINIAN EVOLUTION 160 18.8
3) BOTH, GOD CREATED LIFE AND THEN IT EVOLVED 51 6
TOTAL850100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which do you think is a more likely explanation for the origin of human life on Earth -- the Biblical account of creation or Darwinian evolution? (ORIGIN)
  TOTAL %
1) Biblical account 700 60
2) Darwinian account 358 30.7
3) Both, God created life and then it evolved 76 6.5
4) Neither 32 2.7
TOTAL1,166100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you dont know or arent sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false, or dont know. Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (EVOLVED)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) True 918 45.4
2) False 855 42.3
8) Dont know 231 11.4
9) No answer 17 0.8
TOTAL2,021100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Q41d. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about science: Humans evolved from other primates over millions of years (HUMNEVOL)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 418 26.2
2) Disagree 259 16.2
3) Agree 351 22
4) Strongly agree 317 19.9
8) Undecided 249 15.6
TOTAL1,594100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITESTY)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely true 219 14.9
2) Probably true 425 28.9
3) Probably not true 218 14.8
4) Definitely not true 580 39.4
8) Cant choose 22 1.5
9) No answer 8 0.5
TOTAL1,472100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals. (Is that true or false?) (EVOLVED)
  TOTAL %
1) True 779 41.8
2) False 791 42.4
8) Dont know 290 15.6
9) No answer 4 0.2
TOTAL1,864100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely true 172 13.5
2) Probably true 334 26.2
3) Probably not true 194 15.2
4) Definitely not true 395 31
8) Cant choose 115 9
9) No answer 66 5.2
TOTAL1,276100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Some people think that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Others think that humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. Which of these comes closest to your view? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (HUMEVOLV)
  TOTAL %
1) Evolved over time 1,056 47.8
2) Existed in their present form since the beginning of time 921 41.7
9) Dont know/Refused 231 10.5
TOTAL2,208100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Some people think that humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. Others think that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Which of these comes closest to your view? [Asked only if FORM = 2.] (HUMEXIST)
  TOTAL %
1) Existed in their present form since the beginning of time 932 42.4
2) Evolved over time 1,052 47.8
9) Dont know/Refused 216 9.8
TOTAL2,200100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Evolution is the best explanation for the origins of human life on earth. (Q10C)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 7,209 20.3
2) Mostly agree 9,676 27.2
3) Mostly disagree 5,824 16.4
4) Completely disagree 10,476 29.5
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 2,371 6.7
TOTAL35,556100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Evolution is the best explanation for the origins of human life on earth. (Q10C)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 99 24.7
2) Mostly agree 127 31.7
3) Mostly disagree 55 13.7
4) Completely disagree 90 22.4
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 30 7.5
TOTAL401100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


34aa. Which comes closer to your view? (QN34AA)
  TOTAL %
1) Humans and other living things have evolved over time 1,811 53.1
2) Humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time 1,330 39
8) Dont know 239 7
9) Refused 32 0.9
TOTAL3,412100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Some people think that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Others think that humans and other living things have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. Which of these comes closest to your view? (EVOFORM)
  TOTAL %
1) Have evolved over time 1,020 50.9
2) Have existed in their present form since the beginning of time 841 42
9) Dont know/Refused 142 7.1
TOTAL2,003100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely true 188 13.6
2) Probably true 406 29.3
3) Probably not true 224 16.2
4) Definitely not true 410 29.6
8) Cant choose 113 8.2
9) No answer 45 3.2
TOTAL1,386100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


In your opinion, did human beings evolve from earlier species of animals? (EVOLVE)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely yes 37 12.6
2) Probably yes 62 21.2
3) Unsure 53 18.1
4) Probably not 33 11.3
5) Definitely not 108 36.9
TOTAL293100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: The target population for this survey was students at Winthrop University, a state university in South Carolina.
Frame: Other
Sample: Unknown
Mode: Other


For each statement below, just check the box that comes closest to your opinion of how true it is. In your opinion, how true is this? Human beings developed from earlier species of animals. (SCITEST4)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely true 205 13.2
2) Probably true 445 28.6
3) Probably not true 200 12.8
4) Definitely not true 500 32.1
8) Cant choose 120 7.7
9) No answer 87 5.6
TOTAL1,557100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Is the theory of evolution true (valid)? (EVOLVE)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely no 88 28.6
2) Probably no 29 9.4
3) Unsure 68 22.1
4) Probably yes 89 28.9
5) Definitely yes 31 10.1
9) No response 3 1
TOTAL308100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


From what youve heard or read, is there general agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time, or not? (SCIEVOLV)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, there is agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time. 2,399 54.4
2) No, there is not agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time. 1,458 33.1
9) Dont know/Refused 551 12.5
TOTAL4,408100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


From what youve heard or read, is there general agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time, or not? [Answered only if FORM = 2.] (EVOSCI)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, there is agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time. 629 62.5
2) No, there is not agreement among scientists that humans evolved over time. 279 27.7
9) Dont know/Refused 99 9.8
TOTAL1,007100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
Darwinian Theory: This question type specifically references Darwin, asking respondents their level of agreement with Darwin's theory of evolution, often with categories relating to the theory's level of truth.
God Created?: This question type asks the respondent if God created life on earth.
God Directed Evolution?: This question type specifically asks the respondent if God used or directed the process of evolution.
God versus Evolution: This question type asks respondents to choose between a Biblical account of creation and evolution, sometimes with the option to choose both.
Life Evolved?: This question type asks respondents if humans have evolved over time or evolved from other animals.
Scientific Attitudes: This question type asks the respondents how scientists feel about the theory of evolution.

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