Measurement Wizard > Single-Item Measures > Tolerance of Other Groups >


Does the respondent have a positive\negative, favorable\unfavorable, warm\cold, or other view of Jews? 

Below are 166 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 13 types:

[ Betrayed Christ? | Chosen People? | Discrimination | Economics | Entertainment | General Attitude | Influence | Marriage | Personal and Family Characteristics | Politics | Relationship to Christianity | Religious Beliefs | Trust ]

Mouse over a survey name to see further details on a survey. Click on "More" to see the response frequencies for a question, or click here to view all frequency tables.



Category 1:Betrayed Christ?
 

Does the respondent believe that Jews betrayed Christ or caused the crucifixion?

Some questions fit within the "Betrayed Christ?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ God Punishing | Why Reject ]

[ Back to Top ]


JEWS from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

JEWSRESP from News Interest Index, March 2004

KILLJC from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

JEWSUNFG from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

CRUXJES from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

CRUCIFY from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

PILATE from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

FORGIJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWSUNFG from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

CRUXJES from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:God Punishing (Betrayed Christ? variant)
 

Does the respondent believe God is punishing the Jews?

[ Back to Betrayed Christ? ]


JEWSGOD from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

JEWSPNSH from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

PUNISJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWSPNSH from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Why Reject (Betrayed Christ? variant)
 

Why did the Jews reject Jesus, according to the respondent?

[ Back to Betrayed Christ? ]


JEWREJEC from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWMISTA from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWDECEI from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWANGRY from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWHUMBL from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWPROPH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWHATED from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 2:Chosen People?
 

Does respondent believe that Jews are the chosen people?

Some questions fit within the "Chosen People?" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Promised Land ]

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CHOSENJW from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

JEWSCHOS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JEWSCHOS from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

CHOSPEPL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Promised Land (Chosen People? variant)
 

Do Jews have a right to the Promised Land?

[ Back to Chosen People? ]


PROMLAND from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996


Category 3:Discrimination
 

Respondent's view of the level of discrimination faced by Jews.

Some questions fit within the "Discrimination" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Deserved Discrimination? ]

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JEWDISCR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JEWXCLUD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

INJWSTOR from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

STORSYPA from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

STORUDO from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

STORLIED from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWDISCR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Deserved Discrimination? (Discrimination variant)
 

Does the respondent believe the Anti-Semitic attitudes have been brought upon the Jews by themselves?

[ Back to Discrimination ]


OPINANTI from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997


Category 4:Economics
 

How does the respondent feel about key economic stereotypes of Jews?

Some questions fit within the "Economics" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 7 such variants.

[ Banking | Dishonest? | Generous | Greedy | Impact? | Wealthy | Work Hard ]

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FAREJEWS from General Social Survey, 1990

JWAMBSHS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWGETAHD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Variant:Banking (Economics variant)
 

This variant focuses upon perceived Jewish control of banking

[ Back to Economics ]


JEWBANK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JWDMBANK from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWBANK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Dishonest? (Economics variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that Jews are dishonest or likely to cheat in business?

[ Back to Economics ]


JEWSHADY from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

JEWHNSTY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JEWCHEAT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWHNSTY from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Generous (Economics variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that Jews are generous?

[ Back to Economics ]


JEWSGIVE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JEWGENRS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWSGIVE from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Greedy (Economics variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that Jews are greedy?

[ Back to Economics ]


JEWMONEY from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996


Variant:Impact? (Economics variant)
 

How do economic stereotypes impact the respondent's attitudes about Jews?

[ Back to Economics ]


IFJEWGV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWHST from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWWRK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWBNK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFEELJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWCHEAT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWAMBSH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JGETAHED from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JDOMBANK from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

IFJEWGV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWHST from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWWRK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWBNK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Wealthy (Economics variant)
 

Does the respondent view Jews as wealthy?

[ Back to Economics ]


WLTHJEWS from General Social Survey, 2000


Variant:Work Hard (Economics variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that Jews work hard/are amibitious?

[ Back to Economics ]


WORKJEWS from General Social Survey, 2000

WORKJEWS from General Social Survey, 1990

JEWSWORK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JEWSWORK from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 5:Entertainment
 

This question type concerns Jews and the entertainment industry

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JEWOWNTV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWTV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JWRUNTV from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWHLLYWD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWOWNTV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWTV from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 6:General Attitude
 

Does the respondent have a favorable opinion of Jews?

Some questions fit within the "General Attitude" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 5 such variants.

[ Contact | Contribution? | Great Men | Neighbors | Temperature ]

[ Back to Top ]


GRPJEWS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002

OPJEWS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007

OPRELGR2 from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003

RELJEWS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005

FAVJEWS from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001

QN14_A from Changing Faiths: Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion

JEWISH_A from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2009

CLJEW from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

JEWSIM from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

OPJEWS from Campaign 2000 Typology Survey

FAVJEWS from Mid-November Survey, 2001


Variant:Contact (General Attitude variant)
 

How has respondent felt about previous contact with Jews?

[ Back to General Attitude ]


C_JWPLEA from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003


Variant:Contribution? (General Attitude variant)
 

Have Jews made an important contribution to the United States?

[ Back to General Attitude ]


CONTJEW from General Social Survey, 2000

JEWLIFE from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996


Variant:Great Men (General Attitude variant)
 

Does the respondent believe that many of the world's great men have been Jews?

[ Back to General Attitude ]


JEWGREAT from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWGRT from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JWGRTMEN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JGRTMENR from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWGREAT from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWGRT from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Neighbors (General Attitude variant)
 

How would the respondent feel about having Jews as neighbors?

[ Back to General Attitude ]


LIVEJEWS from General Social Survey, 2000

LIVEJEWS from General Social Survey, 1990

NEIJEW from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996


Variant:Temperature (General Attitude variant)
 

This variant asks respondents to place Jews on a temperature scale.

[ Back to General Attitude ]


VCF0205 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

JEWTEMP from General Social Survey, 2004

JEWSTHRM from American National Election Studies, 2004

W6YA46_J from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

W6YA47_I from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

V085064F from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008

W6YA45_J from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009

JEWTEMP from General Social Survey, 1988

JEWSTHRM from American National Election Studies, 2002


Category 7:Influence
 

Does the respondent think Jews have too much influence?

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GOVTINF3 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996

INFLUJEW from General Social Survey, 1990

JEWISH1 from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

INFJEW from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

RELPWR1 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

RELPWR2 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

RELPWR3 from Williamsburg Charter Survey On Religion and Public Life, 1987

PWRJEWS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

STRO_JEW from Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003


Category 8:Marriage
 

This question type concerns marriage between Jews and non-Jews

[ Back to Top ]


OPINJEW from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997

MJEWNON from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999

JWMRYJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

MJEWNON from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999


Category 9:Personal and Family Characteristics
 

This question type asks the respondent if certain descriptors of Jews/Jewish families apply.

Some questions fit within the "Personal and Family Characteristics" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 1 such variant.

[ Impact ]

[ Back to Top ]


INTLJEWS from General Social Survey, 2000

FAMJEWS from General Social Survey, 2000

VIOLJEWS from General Social Survey, 1990

INTLJEWS from General Social Survey, 1990

JEWBETTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

JEWNJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWBTRSC from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWDRSFLS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWFLSDRS from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JBLVJBTR from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWNT2BDF from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWBETTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Impact (Personal and Family Characteristics variant)
 

How do perceived personal or family characteristics of Jews impact the respondent's perception of them?

[ Back to Personal and Family Characteristics ]


IFJEWBTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWBTR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Category 10:Politics
 

This question type asks about the politics of Jews.

Some questions fit within the "Politics" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Impact | Loyalty ]

[ Back to Top ]


FAIRJEWS from General Social Survey, 2000

PARTJEWS from General Social Survey, 1990

V121F from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

JEWLEFT from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

JEWARB from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)


Variant:Impact (Politics variant)
 

How do perceive political beliefs of Jews impact the respondent's perception of them?

[ Back to Politics ]


IFJEWISR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)

IFJEWCOM from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWISR from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)

IFJEWARB from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (San Francisco Sample)


Variant:Loyalty (Politics variant)
 

This variant asks about Jewish loyalty to the United States

[ Back to Politics ]


JEWISH3 from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on Diversity

JEWISREL from Salt Lake City and San Francisco Surveys of Mormons, 1967-1969 (Salt Lake City Sample)


Category 11:Relationship to Christianity
 

Is it necessary to convert Jews? Are Christian and Jewish beliefs compatible?

[ Back to Top ]


JEWCHRIS from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

CONVERT from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

SHAREVAL from American Jewish Committee Religious Right Survey, 1996

PASTCVRT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

IFLCNVRT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 12:Religious Beliefs
 

What are Jewish beliefs, according to the respondent?

Some questions fit within the "Religious Beliefs" subcategory but varied in a notable way. ARDA staff identified 2 such variants.

[ Holidays? | Impact ]

[ Back to Top ]


JEWEXIST from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWTEACH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWFANAT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWMUCH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWWORRY from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWSORRY from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWORSHP from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWLFDTH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWGODWD from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWBLVCH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWSAINT from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JEWTRURE from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWNTRELI from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JWBLVIGN from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Variant:Holidays? (Religious Beliefs variant)
 

Does the respondent believe the Jews oppose allowing Christian holidays in school?

[ Back to Religious Beliefs ]


JWCHHDAY from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Variant:Impact (Religious Beliefs variant)
 

Do perceived Jewish beliefs impact the respondent's attitudes towards Jews?

[ Back to Religious Beliefs ]


JNTRELIG from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963

JBLVIGNR from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963


Category 13:Trust
 

Does the respondent trust Jews?

[ Back to Top ]


TRUSTJEW from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)

TRUSTJEW from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963



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