Measurement Wizard


Interracial Marriage, Attitude about

Measures a respondent's level of approval or disapproval with marriage between people of different races or ethnicities


Below are 101 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept.

  • MARASIAN from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry an Asian American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARASIAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a black person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHISP from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a Hispanic American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a black person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASIAN from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry an Asian American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARASIAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHISP from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a Hispanic American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from General Social Survey, 2002LEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • DATRAC2 from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)LEARN MORE
    • Y147. [If teen has dated more than one person since turning 13][IF Y145>1] How many, if any, of these [INSERT NUMBER FROM Y145] people you dated were of a different race? [RECORD NUMBER, RANGE=0-100, 998=DK, 999=REFUSED, RANGE 100=100 or more] (DATRAC2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASIAN from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Asian American person? (MARASIAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHISP from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Hispanic American person? (MARHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from General Social Survey, 2004LEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASIAN from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry an Asian American person? (MARASIAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHISP from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry a Hispanic American person? (MARHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from General Social Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INTMARR1 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • If a close relative of yours wanted to marry a non-[Rs ethnicity], would you approve or disapprove? (95, 02) (INTMARR1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INTMARR2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • If a close relative of yours wanted to marry an African American [IF R IS BLACK: a Hispanic], would you approve or disapprove? (99, 06) (INTMARR2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • INTMARR3 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010LEARN MORE
    • If a close relative of yours wanted to marry an African American [IF R IS BLACK: an Anglo], would you approve or disapprove? (04) (INTMARR3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASIAN from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Asian American person? (MARASIAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHISP from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Hispanic American person? (MARHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARJEW from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying a Jewish person? (MARJEW) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from General Social Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASIAN from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry and Asian American person?D (MARASIAN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHISP from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry a Hispanic American person? (MARHISP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARNO from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry a white raised in the North? (Only asked of persons in the South Atlantic, South East Central, and South West Central regions) (MARNO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARSO from General Social Survey, 1990LEARN MORE
    • How about having a close relative or family member marry a white raised in the South? (Only asked of respondents not in the South Atlantic, South East Central, and South West Central regions) (MARSO) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARDIFF from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 3 (2007-2008)LEARN MORE
    • (mardiffrel_w3) R22 In general, people should not marry someone of a different religion. (Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree?) (MARDIFF) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ARE_2 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006LEARN MORE
    • In general, how comfortable or uncomfortable would you be if your daughter married someone who is Asian? (ARE_2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ARE_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006LEARN MORE
    • In general, how comfortable or uncomfortable would you be if your daughter married someone who is Hispanic or Latino? (ARE_3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • ARE_4 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006LEARN MORE
    • In general, how comfortable or uncomfortable would you be if your daughter married someone who is Black or African American? (ARE_4) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OPINWHIT from ABC News Religion Poll, 1997LEARN MORE
    • Im going to read you a statement and please tell me whether you tend to agree or disagree with it, or if perhaps you have no opinion about the statement. Marriages between blacks and whites are not a good idea. Do you agree or disagree? (OPINWHIT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • WINTERM from Politics of Character Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the response that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. C. Marriages between blacks and whites (see note 1 on the ARDA summary page) (WINTERM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W4INTERM from State of Disunion Survey, 1996LEARN MORE
    • Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the number that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. D. Marriages between blacks and whites (W4INTERM) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARR1A from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • People can feel differently about their children marrying people from various backgrounds. Suppose your son or daughter wanted to marry an African American. Would you approve of this choice, disapprove of it or wouldnt it make any difference at all one way or the other? (IF PERSON SAYS, Im African-American, SAY Well be asking about other groups you dont belong to as well and repeat) (MARR1A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • GROUPY from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • Text for GROUPY (see MARX) (Q50E). The following categories were inserted into the following question: (Do you) favor/oppose marrying a ___ person? (Question 50E on the original survey) (GROUPY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASN from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • 50A. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying an Asian person? (MARASN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • 50B. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a Black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHIS from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • 50D. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a Latino or Hispanic person? (MARHIS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • 50C. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a White person? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARX from Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, 2000LEARN MORE
    • 50E. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a [insert GROUP Y] person? (MARX) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACMAR from General Social Survey, 1976LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF NON-BLACKS: Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RACDIN from General Social Survey, 1980LEARN MORE
    • ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: How strongly would you object if a member of your family wanted to bring a [White/(Negro/Black)] friend home to dinner? Would you object strongly, mildly, or not at all? (RACDIN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARASN from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • 50A. Suppose a close relative or family member were marrying (GROUP)? Would you very much favor it happening, somewhat favor, neither favor nor oppose, somewhat oppose, or very much oppose it happening? An Asian person? (MARASN) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARBLK from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • 50B. (How about marrying an) African American or Black person? (MARBLK) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARHIS from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • 50D. (How about marrying a) Latino or Hispanic person? (MARHIS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MARWHT from Social Capital Community Survey, 2006LEARN MORE
    • 50C. (How about marrying a) White person? (MARWHT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • UPSET from Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social NetworksLEARN MORE
    • I would be upset if I had a child who wanted to marry [a/an][rotate racial group, other than respondents own racial group]. (UPSET) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MWHTNON from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • Now I have some questions about relationships between various groups of people and Id like to know how you feel about these. Do you approve or disapprove of marriage between Whites and nonwhites? (MWHTNON) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJADOPT from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Would you disapprove if a member of your family adopted a child of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJADOPT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJDATE from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJMARY from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, 1999LEARN MORE
    • Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJADOPT from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999LEARN MORE
    • Would you disapprove if a member of your family adopted a child of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJADOPT) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJDATE from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999LEARN MORE
    • And what about you, would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJMARY from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1999LEARN MORE
    • Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJDATE from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999LEARN MORE
    • And what about you, would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • OBJMARY from Southern Focus Poll, Southern Sample, Spring 1999LEARN MORE
    • Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BBLRACE from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963LEARN MORE
    • Below are a number of statements people have made about Negro and white relations in America. Would you please read each and decide whether or not you tend to agree with it. -- The Bible makes it quite clear that God meant for the races to be kept separate. (BBLRACE) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • MWHTNON from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1999LEARN MORE
    • Now I have some questions about relationships between various groups of people and Id like to know how you feel about these. Do you approve or disapprove of marriage between whites and nonwhites? (MWHTNON) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • BADMAR from Middletown Area Study, 1995LEARN MORE
    • Which of the following marital arrangements would you find most unacceptable? Those who marry people: (BADMAR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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