Single-Item Measures

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Tithing, Congregational Attitude

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Survey Questions
Which one of these would be the best definition of stewardship: giving a certain percentage of your money to the church, using your individual talents in a responsible way, taking good care of our planet, or remembering that God made everything? (DEFSTEWD)
  TOTAL %
1) Giving a certain percentage of your money to the church 512 10.2
2) Using your individual talents in a responsible way 2,004 39.9
3) Taking good care of our planet 594 11.8
4) Remembering that God made everything 813 16.2
5) Other 78 1.6
6) Dont know/Refused 1,019 20.3
TOTAL5,020100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Is the idea of stewardship very meaningful to you, fairly meaningful to you, not very meaningful to you, or not at all meaningful to you? (STWDMEAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Very meaningful to you 1,103 22
2) Fairly meaningful to you 2,024 40.3
3) Not very meaningful to you 669 13.3
4) Not at all meaningful to you 328 6.5
5) Dont know/Refused 896 17.8
TOTAL5,020100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


(giving_98) Does your congregation have any special rules or norms regarding how much money people give to the congregation? (GIVING98)
  TOTAL %
-3) All other missing data 2 0.8
1) Yes 49 18.7
2) No 211 80.5
TOTAL262100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Does your congregation or denomination have any special rules or prohibitions regarding the following? How much money people give to the congregation. (PROHIB7)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 33 8.3
2) No 364 91.7
TOTAL397100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Overall stewardship and giving emphasis (STEWEMP1)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 141 27.2
3) Strong 270 52.1
4) Very strong 107 20.7
TOTAL518100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on pledging (STEWEMP2)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 277 53.4
3) Strong 172 33.1
4) Very strong 70 13.5
TOTAL519100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on member canvass or visitation (STEWEMP3)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 393 75.7
3) Strong 93 17.9
4) Very strong 33 6.4
TOTAL519100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on tithing or proportionate giving (STEWEMP4)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 282 54.2
3) Strong 192 36.9
4) Very strong 46 8.8
TOTAL520100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis on stewardship education program (STEWEMP5)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 309 59.9
3) Strong 169 32.8
4) Very strong 38 7.4
TOTAL516100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Overall stewardship and giving emphasis 10 years ago (STEWEMP7)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 279 55.6
3) Strong 194 38.6
4) Very strong 29 5.8
TOTAL502100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


What activities on this card have you done within the past year? -- heard a sermon on stewardship (ACTVSTWD)
  TOTAL %
1) Done 1,301 25.9
2) Not done 3,418 68.1
3) Dont know/Refused 300 6
TOTAL5,019100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Sermons on stewardship [or, religious appeals] (STEWSERM)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, checked off 4,980 90.5
2) No, not checked off 520 9.5
TOTAL5,500100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Appeals or testimonies from lay participants during worship services (APPEALS)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 10,148 71.3
1) Yes, checked off 2,745 19.3
2) No, not checked off 1,332 9.4
TOTAL14,225100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Special fund-raisers (fairs, bingo, bake sales, etc.) (BAKESALE)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 10,496 73.7
1) Yes, checked off 2,511 17.6
2) No, not checked off 1,237 8.7
TOTAL14,244100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Appeals based on specific, concrete and special needs (NEEDBEG)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 9,167 64.3
1) Yes, checked off 4,444 31.2
2) No, not checked off 646 4.5
TOTAL14,257100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Distribution of promotional material such as [denomination specific reference (e.g., bulletin insert)] (PROMO)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 10,277 72.3
1) Yes, checked off 2,345 16.5
2) No, not checked off 1,598 11.2
TOTAL14,220100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Canvassing members by phone or in person (e.g., member visitation) (CANVASS)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 11,601 82.1
1) Yes, checked off 455 3.2
2) No, not checked off 2,067 14.6
TOTAL14,123100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Pledge or commitment cards (PLEDGES)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 10,893 76.7
1) Yes, checked off 1,842 13
2) No, not checked off 1,471 10.4
TOTAL14,206100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Member dues (MEMBDUES)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 12,565 90.7
1) Yes, checked off 146 1.1
2) No, not checked off 1,135 8.2
TOTAL13,846100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Teaching that a 10% tithe belongs to God, is due God and should be given to God (TITHING)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 9,506 67.2
1) Yes, checked off 3,693 26.1
2) No, not checked off 952 6.7
TOTAL14,151100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


During the past 12 months, what methods did your congregation use to encourage financial giving among members? Teaching that giving a proportion of ones income, not tithing per se, is sufficient (PROPGIVE)
  TOTAL %
0) Does not apply 12,100 85
1) Yes, checked off 967 6.8
2) No, not checked off 1,167 8.2
TOTAL14,234100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Other
Mode: Mixed-mode


Think about the emphasis on stewardship and giving in your congregation, indicating the emphasis on particular forms of stewardship. -- Emphasis by pastor (preaching and other direct emphasis) (STEWEMP6)
  TOTAL %
1) Weak or none 154 29.7
3) Strong 291 56.2
4) Very strong 73 14.1
TOTAL518100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
Attitude: These questions focus on respondents' views of stewardship. How do you define stewardship? Is it meaningful to you?
Focus: Does the congregation place an overall emphasis on tithing? Does it have rules/prohibitions?
Methods: What methods has the congregation used to encourage tithing?

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