War of 1812

Time Period
1812  - 1815
Despite winning its independence in the American Revolution, the United States continued to be treated with disdain by Great Britain. American sailors were taken and forced to serve in the British Navy, the English government tried to block U.S. trade ships and British troops in Canada were suspected of instigating Indian attacks in the frontier. On June 18, 1812, President James Madison signed a declaration of war.

The war was not unanimously popular, however, and in 1814, with no clear resolution and mounting costs, both sides agreed to send representatives to Belgium to negotiate a truce. The Treaty of Ghent was signed on Christmas Eve. The final battle would be waged on Jan. 8, 1815, with an American victory in the Battle of New Orleans. The U.S. Senate ratified the treaty in February.


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USS Constitution defeats HMS Java- US Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

The Battle of Lake Erie- Library of Congress, LC-USZC4-6893

The Battle of New Orleans- Library of Congress, LC-USZC2-3796

The Burning of Washington- Architect of the Capitol

Final Stand at Bladensburg- US Marine Corps Art Collection.png

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