Mozambique
 National Profiles > Regions > Eastern Africa > Mozambique
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Western Christian

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (30.3%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 12(1)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 54(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Articles 35, 54(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2004
Last Amended3 2007
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 August 24, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 12. Lay state.

(1) The Republic of Mozambique shall be a lay State.

(2) The lay nature of the State rests on the separation between the State and religious denominations.

(3) Religious denominations shall have organisational freedom, freedom to carry out their functions and freedom of worship, and they shall conform to the laws of the State.

(4) The State shall recognise and esteem the activities of religious denominations in order to promote a climate of understanding, tolerance and peace, the strengthening of national unity, the material and spiritual wellbeing of citizens, and economic and social development.

Article 35. Principle of universality.

All citizens are equal before the law, and they shall enjoy the same rights and be subject to the same duties, regardless of ... religion ...

Article 39. Acts against national unity.

All acts intended to undermine national unity, to disturb social harmony or to create divisions or situations of privilege or discrimination based on ... religion ... shall be punished in terms of the law.

Article 54. Freedom of conscience, religion and worship.

(1) All citizens shall have the freedom to practice or not to practice a religion.

(2) Nobody shall be discriminated against, persecuted, prejudiced, deprived of his or her rights, or benefit from or be exempt from duties, on the grounds of his faith or religious persuasion or practice.

(3) Religious denominations shall have the right to pursue their religious aims freely and to own and acquire assets for realising their objectives.

(4) The protection of places of worship shall be ensured.

(5) The right to conscientious objection shall be guaranteed in terms of the law.

Article 71. Use of computerised data.

(1) The use of computerised means for recording and processing individually identifiable data in respect of ... philosophical or ideological beliefs, of religious faith ... shall be prohibited.

...

Article 76. Names.

Political parties shall be prohibited from using names containing expressions that are directly related to any religious denominations or churches, and from using emblems that may be confused with ... religious symbols.

Article 86. Freedom of professional associations and unions.

...

(3) Professional associations and trade unions shall be independent ... from churches or religious denominations.

(4) The law shall regulate ... the guarantees of [professional associations’ and trade unions’] autonomy and independence ... from churches and religious denominations.

Article 113. Education.

...

(3) Public education shall not pertain to any religion.

(4) Education provided by collective and other private entities shall be administered in accordance with the law and shall be subject to State control.

(5) The State shall not plan education and culture in accordance with any specific philosophical ... ideological or religious guidelines.

Article 119. Family.

...

(4) The law shall establish forms in which traditional and religious marriage shall be esteemed, and determine the registration requirements and effects of such marriage.

Article 251. Access and statute of officers.

(1) Access to public office shall not be obstructed on grounds of ... religion ...

...

Article 286. Limits of the declaration.

The declaration of a state of siege or a state of emergency shall in no event restrict or suspend the ... freedom of religion.

Article 292. Restrictions as to subject matter.

(1) Constitutional amendment laws shall have to respect the following:

...

(c) the separation between religious denominations and the State;

...

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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