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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Western Christian

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (34.7%)

Public Opinion

(Calculated by the ARDA from the World Values Survey)3

Religious Affiliation/Identification

1982

1990

2000

2005

Percent belonging to a religious denomination. 89.4 74.1 68.6 ---
Percent identifying as a religious person. 76.6 70.9 73.4 66.7
Percent raised religious. --- 77.7 --- ---

Religious Behaviors

1982

1990

2000

2005

Percent attending religious services at least once a month. 46.5 40 36 34.2
Percent praying to God more than once per week. --- --- 48.9 ---
Percent that meditate or pray. 74.2 73.4 79.9 76.7
Percent attending religious services at least once a month when 12 years old. --- --- --- ---
Percent that changed denominations. --- --- --- ---
Percent active in a church or religious organization. --- --- --- 27.9
Percent never consulting a horoscope. --- --- --- ---

Religious Beliefs

1982

1990

2000

2005

Percent believing in God. 93.5 88.8 89.2 ---
Percent believing in heaven. 76 72 73.7 ---
Percent believing in hell. 43 41.6 50.1 ---
Percent believing in life after death. 71.1 68.7 72.7 ---
Percent believing that there are clear guidelines on good and evil. 31.6 30.5 42.6 ---
Percent believing that politicians who do not believe in God are unfit for public office. --- --- 19.4 17.3
Percent believing that religious leaders should not influence people's vote. --- --- 77.4 77.6
Percent believing that things would be better if there are more people with strong religious beliefs. --- --- 25 22.7
Percent that think that religious faith is an important quality in children --- --- --- 30.4
Percent that agree: We depend too much on science and not enough on faith --- --- --- 61.4
Percent believing church gives answers to people's spiritual needs. 78.4 75.4 72.1 75.5
Percent that do not trust people of other religions --- --- --- 20.2
Percent believing church gives answers on family life problems. 63.6 55.7 47.6 46.1
Percent believing churches give answers to moral problems. 63.9 55.1 50.7 47.1
Percent that often think about meaning and purpose of life --- --- --- 47
Percent believing churches give answers to social problems. --- 43.5 34.8 37.5
Percent believing that religious leaders should influence the government. --- --- 18.4 70.9
Percent believing that people have a soul. 86.5 84.4 91.2 ---
Percent believing in the concept of sin. 76.4 74.1 --- ---
Percent believing religious services are important for deaths. --- 83.4 --- ---
Percent believing religious services are important for births. --- 67.9 --- ---
Percent believing religious services are important for marriages. --- 81.7 --- ---
Percent believing in a personal God. 52.3 44.1 --- ---
Percent believing in telepathy. --- --- --- ---
Percent believing in re-incarnation. 33.6 31.4 --- ---
Percent believing in the devil's existence. 44.3 43.3 --- ---
Percent that think that it is more important to follow religious norms and ceremonies than to do good for other people --- --- --- ---
Percent that think the meaning of religion is to make sense of life in this world --- --- --- ---
Percent that agree that whenever science and religion conflict, religion is always right --- --- --- ---
Percent that agree that the "only acceptable religion is my religion." --- --- --- ---
Percent that agree that all religions should be taught in public schools --- --- --- ---
Percent that agree, "People who belong to different religions are probably just as moral as those who belong to mine." --- --- --- ---
Percent that agree, "One of the bad effects of science is that it breaks down people’s ideas of right and wrong." --- --- --- ---

Religious Experiences

1982

1990

2000

2005

Percent finding comfort and strength from religion. 66.7 62.3 63.1 ---
Percent saying that they have a lucky charm. --- --- --- ---
Percent considering that a lucky charm definitely does not provide protection. --- --- --- ---

Attitudes

1982

1990

2000

2005

Percent considering religion important. --- 61.5 60.7 59.1
Percent considering that God is not at all important in their life. 6.3 9.1 10.9 10.3
Percent confident in religious organizations. 70.2 63.5 58.8 59.7
Percent agreeing that nurses can refuse to assist with an abortion on moral grounds. --- --- --- ---
Percent agreeing that there should be time for prayer or meditations in schools. --- --- --- ---
Percent firmly stating that people should stick to their own religion and not explore different traditions. --- --- --- ---
Percent considering that western cultural imperialism is a very serious problem. --- --- --- ---

Politics

1982

1990

2000

2005

Percent thinking that churches have an influence on national politics. --- --- --- ---
Percent agreeing that the government protects personal freedom. --- --- --- ---
Percent agreeing that the government protects religious freedom. --- --- --- ---
Percent agreeing that the only the laws of the Shari'a should be implemented. --- --- --- ---
Percent thinking that books attacking religion should definitiely be banned. --- --- --- ---
Percent that agree that it is important for religious authorities to interpret the law --- --- --- ---

Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports the estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. The RCS was created to fulfill the unmet need for a dataset on the religious dimensions of countries of the world, with the state-year as the unit of observation. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

3.  The World Values Survey is a worldwide investigation of socio-cultural and political change. It is conducted by a network of social scientists at leading universities around the world. Interviews have been carried out with nationally representative samples of the publics of more than 80 societies. A total of four waves have been carried out since 1981. The ARDA has averaged the weighted responses across the waves for each country surveyed. The average responses for all countries have been placed in a single file and can be previewed and downloaded here. See the World Values Survey website for further information and to download the original survey data: http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/.

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